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Historic Price trendsGlobal increase of Food: Increase of 12% from 2005 to 2006, 24% in 2007 and Raise 50% in January a great peak Decrease then increased 2009- 2010 Peaking again slightly to the one of 2008
Between 2006 and 2008 average world prices for rice rose by 217%, wheat by 136%, corn by 125% and soybeans by 107%. soya by 87%, and maize 31%
Causes Scarcity of Resources(land,raw materials…drought in grain producting countries Raise of Oil price - Hight cost of fertilizers - Hight cost of Food Transportation - Industrial agriculture
Growth of world population Hight demand Financial speculation Lack of Rain Vulnerability of the current agricultural and food model
Consequences MacroEconomic o Increase of 12% from 2005 to 2006, 24% in 2007, and a rise of about 50% in January and July 2008.FAO Price Index at current prices (blackcurve) and corrected for inflation (bluecurve) between January 2004 and May 2011
oRise of the oil ‘sprice combined withglobal raise of foodprice and otherleads to the globalinflationoGreat fear of Financialmarket s:stocks marketsExample of Wall street,oAffect the globalEconomy
Micro economico Switch to other foods or other businesso Wholesalers incresase more the price of foodo Retailers raise it againo Purcahsing power become insignificant to afford the purchase of foodo Decrease of consumer confidenceo Increase of anger
oUnrest around the world1. Mauritania, 8 Morocco2. Cameroon 10 Mexico3. Senegal 11 Bolivia4. Burkina Faso 13 Yemen5. Côte dIvoire 14 Uzbekistan6. Egypt 15 Pakistan7. Bangladesh 16 Sri Lanka8. South Africa. …………..
Alternatives Interventions of Governements(bailout,being owner of certains banks..) More Grants to the farmers Support Small scale and sustainable production. IT IS NECESSARY TO GENERATE MECHANISM OF INTERVENTION AND REGULATION
Government intervention: -IFAD $200million to support poor farmers -April 30, 2008 creation of the organition of rice exporting countries - June 2008 the food and agriculture organization hosted conference in which $1.2 billion in food aid
References Ester,V.,2008.Causes Consequences and Alternatives:International Viewpoint[Online].Available at:< http://www.internationalviewpoint.org/spip.php?article1774>[Accesse d 24 October 2011] Rolf,K.,Reinhard and Jutta,W.,2010. What Became of the Food Price Crisis in 2008?.[Online] Züric: “Aussenwirtschaft”. Swiss Review of International Economic Relations.Available at :< http://www.nadel.ethz.ch/publikationen/food_price_crisis.pdf>[Access ed 24 October 2011] Food and Agricultural Organization Of the United Nations.2011 How does international price volatility affect domestic economies and food security?FAO Joachim,V.B.,2008. Food and financial crises: Implications for agriculture and the poor.IFPRI Policy Brief 7.Washington,DC:International Food Policy Research Institute