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    Hfa progress review Hfa progress review Presentation Transcript

    • Welcome to Disaster Free Nepal
    • “ Review of the Progress and Challenges in Implementing the Hyogo Framework for Action: Experience of Nepal” By Iswar Raj Regmi Under Secretary Ministry of Home Affairs Government of Nepal
      • Good afternoon and welcome
      • I take this valuable opportunity to thank DMC team for this "Review of Regional Experiences on Realizing HFA".
      • Structure of Presentation
      • Nepal and Disaster Interface
      • HFA: Source of Inspiration for National Disaster Management System
      • HFA and National Response: Innovative Approaches and Achievements
      • Challenges and Gaps
      • Moving Ahead
    • Nepal and Disaster Interface
      • Disaster-prone and multi-hazard country: hot-spot for disaster
      • Disaster has significant relationship with poverty, livelihood, natural resource management, sustainable development
      • Disaster has multi-dimensional impacts: environmental, humanitarian, political, demographic, economic and infrastructural
      • Climate change impacts
      • Nepal has
        • Three layers of tectonic fault zones
        • Unstable soil condition due to young mountains
      • Lack of general tendency to maintain gradient in mountainous settlements
      • Deforestation and vegetation loss due to unscientific agro-farming and livestock farming
      • Culture of manipulating nature/environmental resources rather to add value to nature
    • HFA: Source of Inspiration for National Disaster Management System
      • Developing policy ownership and securing priority at the national polity
      • Effective integration of disaster risk considerations into national development framework
      • Development and strengthening of institutions, mechanisms and capacities at all levels of disaster response, and in particular at the community level
      • Developing educational, scientific and technological support systems
      • Systematic incorporation of risk reduction approaches into emergency preparedness, response and recovery
      • Persuasive and collaborative partnerships at all levels: regional and international, national and community, government and non-government
    • HFA and National Response: Innovative Approaches and Achievements
      • Priority 1
      • Ensure that disaster risk is a national and a local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation
      • Key Achievements
      • Tenth Plan and PRSP priority: Mainstreaming and sectoral interventions
      • Integration into local self-governance act and the development planning system
      • National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management in process
      • Participatory exercise for a National Platform on Disaster Risk Reduction
      • Disaster programming by Central Disaster Relief Committee
      • New Act on Disaster Management in exercise with a focus on developing strong national and community level institutions
      • Community based disaster management initiatives
      • Priority 2
      • Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning
      • Key Achievements
      • Central Disaster Relief Committee has improved the criteria and methods for disaster risk assessment
      • Guidelines for effective preparedness to disaster risks
      • Seismic vulnerability assessment of major hospitals/drinking water supply network
      • Municipal earthquake risk management
      • Information sharing at national, district and community levels on disaster risks
      • Disaster Preparedness Network in action
      • Awareness campaigns and community level early warning system applied through community based disaster risk management programmes
      • Pre-disaster seminars at national and community levels for disaster risk assessment and early preparedness
      • Weather forecasting and monitoring system
      • Priority 3
      • Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels
      • Priority 4
      • Reduce the underlying risk factors
      • Key Achievements
      • Community based disaster risk management programme
      • School safety programme
      • Behaviour change communication through media and training, seminars and interactions
      • Earthquake safety day campaigns
      • Integration disaster risk into school curricula
      • Publication of IEC materials at national and local levels
      • Dynamic website on 'Disaster' in progress
      • Enforcement of 'Building Code' and safety requirements by Municipalities
      • EIA and IEE
      • Relocation of at-risk communities in process
      • Retrofitting of public buildings
      • Priority 5
      • Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels
      • Prime Minister Disaster Relief Fund, Central Disaster Relief Fund and District Disaster Relief Fund
      • Disaster preparedness programme budget at national and district levels
      • National guidelines reviewed and put into force
      • Planning and simulation exercises at national and local levels
      • Kathmandu Valley earthquake preparedness initiatives
      • Seminars and workshops at all levels
      • Disaster preparedness and response action plan at local level
      • Community level disaster risk management/ flood management programme
      • Prepositioning of emergency rescue stores
      • Priority 5 - Achievements contd.....
      • Community Level Preparedness for Glacier Lake Outburst Flood
      • Model agreement with UN OCHA for emergency response
      • Programme for Enhancement of Emergency Response-Training on
        • CSSR
        • MFR
        • HOPE
    • Development of National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management
    • Driving Factors
      • Hyogo Framework of Action and Nepal’s firm commitment to realization
      • Sustainable development movement
      • Disaster management as cross-cutting issue of development
      • Disaster management as transformative agenda
      • Increased political commitment
      • Poverty reduction and pro-poor development
      • State obligation and responsive governance
      • Cross-border, regional and international cooperation
      • Disaster risk reduction as global, regional and sub-regional concern
    • Streams and Approaches
      • Strategic planning model
      • Diffusionist and inventionist streams
      • Critical social model (social legitimacy) rather than administrative-technical legitimacy model
      • Adaptive model: Best fit rather than best practice
      • Logical/Strategic incrementalism rather than so-called rational comprehensive model
      • Entrepreneurial thinking
      • Collaborative/participatory approach
      • Rights-based approach rather than welfare approach
    • Structure
      • Sector-specific strategies
        • Health
        • Education
        • Water and sanitation
        • Shelter, infrastructure and physical planning
        • Information, communication, coordination and logistics
        • Search and rescue, and damage/need assessment
        • Agriculture and food security
        • Livelihood protection
      • Cross-cutting interventions
        • Human rights and protection
        • Gender and social inclusion
        • Staff safety and security
        • Decentralization and local self-governance
    • Consultative Mechanism
      • Involvement of Stakeholders
        • Government line ministries
        • Local governing bodies
        • NGO networks
        • Corporate sector
        • Community level organizations
        • Local community people
        • Experts
        • Media
        • International development partners
      • Consultative process
        • Sectoral workshops
        • National workshop
        • Consultation with international development partners
        • Consultation with technical experts
    • Challenges and Gaps
      • Governance Challenges
        • Peace building process and political stability: determinant to political priority
        • Developing a competent national institution with decentralized system of functioning
        • Utilization of international and regional cooperation
        • Inadequate legal instrument and weak enforcement
        • Lack of visible and persuasive role by local self-governing bodies
      • Socio-cultural/Behavioural Challenges
        • Culture of submission to divinity and lack of resilient culture
        • Conventional pattern of human settlement
        • Complacent and non-demanding society
        • Lack of environment-friendly society
        • Inadequate behaviour-change communication
        • Natural resource dependency trap
      • Methodological Challenges
        • Lack of scientific data, disaster mapping and micro-zonation
        • National documentation and information system on disaster is lacking
        • Unpredictability due to climate change
        • Sustainability of technological applications
      • Economic Challenges
        • Widespread poverty and livelihood problems
        • Weak capacity of national treasury to adequately fund disaster risk reduction
        • Maintenance and reconstruction of developmental infrastructures
    • Forward Moving Strategies: Priority Actions
      • A nationally-owned and implementable national strategy on disaster risk reduction to implement HFA
      • Mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into national and local level planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation frameworks
      • Strong institutional base for effective response to disaster risk preparedness and reduction: Networked, decentralized, entrepreneurial, collaborative, professional and virtual
      • Strengthening prevention and preparedness: systems, mechanisms, methodologies and actions
      • Scientific, educational and technological interventions
      • Behaviour-change interventions
      • Reconstruction, recovery, relocation and rehabilitation
      • Sub-regional, regional and international cooperation and collaboration
    • Any queries, comments and suggestions...PLEASE
      • Thank you
      Thank you