Hfa progress review

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  • 1. Welcome to Disaster Free Nepal
  • 2. “ Review of the Progress and Challenges in Implementing the Hyogo Framework for Action: Experience of Nepal” By Iswar Raj Regmi Under Secretary Ministry of Home Affairs Government of Nepal
  • 3.
    • Good afternoon and welcome
    • I take this valuable opportunity to thank DMC team for this "Review of Regional Experiences on Realizing HFA".
  • 4.
    • Structure of Presentation
    • Nepal and Disaster Interface
    • HFA: Source of Inspiration for National Disaster Management System
    • HFA and National Response: Innovative Approaches and Achievements
    • Challenges and Gaps
    • Moving Ahead
  • 5. Nepal and Disaster Interface
    • Disaster-prone and multi-hazard country: hot-spot for disaster
    • Disaster has significant relationship with poverty, livelihood, natural resource management, sustainable development
    • Disaster has multi-dimensional impacts: environmental, humanitarian, political, demographic, economic and infrastructural
    • Climate change impacts
    • Nepal has
      • Three layers of tectonic fault zones
      • Unstable soil condition due to young mountains
    • Lack of general tendency to maintain gradient in mountainous settlements
    • Deforestation and vegetation loss due to unscientific agro-farming and livestock farming
    • Culture of manipulating nature/environmental resources rather to add value to nature
  • 6.  
  • 7. HFA: Source of Inspiration for National Disaster Management System
    • Developing policy ownership and securing priority at the national polity
    • Effective integration of disaster risk considerations into national development framework
    • Development and strengthening of institutions, mechanisms and capacities at all levels of disaster response, and in particular at the community level
    • Developing educational, scientific and technological support systems
    • Systematic incorporation of risk reduction approaches into emergency preparedness, response and recovery
    • Persuasive and collaborative partnerships at all levels: regional and international, national and community, government and non-government
  • 8. HFA and National Response: Innovative Approaches and Achievements
    • Priority 1
    • Ensure that disaster risk is a national and a local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation
    • Key Achievements
    • Tenth Plan and PRSP priority: Mainstreaming and sectoral interventions
    • Integration into local self-governance act and the development planning system
    • National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management in process
    • Participatory exercise for a National Platform on Disaster Risk Reduction
    • Disaster programming by Central Disaster Relief Committee
    • New Act on Disaster Management in exercise with a focus on developing strong national and community level institutions
    • Community based disaster management initiatives
  • 9.
    • Priority 2
    • Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning
    • Key Achievements
    • Central Disaster Relief Committee has improved the criteria and methods for disaster risk assessment
    • Guidelines for effective preparedness to disaster risks
    • Seismic vulnerability assessment of major hospitals/drinking water supply network
    • Municipal earthquake risk management
    • Information sharing at national, district and community levels on disaster risks
    • Disaster Preparedness Network in action
    • Awareness campaigns and community level early warning system applied through community based disaster risk management programmes
    • Pre-disaster seminars at national and community levels for disaster risk assessment and early preparedness
    • Weather forecasting and monitoring system
  • 10.
    • Priority 3
    • Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels
    • Priority 4
    • Reduce the underlying risk factors
    • Key Achievements
    • Community based disaster risk management programme
    • School safety programme
    • Behaviour change communication through media and training, seminars and interactions
    • Earthquake safety day campaigns
    • Integration disaster risk into school curricula
    • Publication of IEC materials at national and local levels
    • Dynamic website on 'Disaster' in progress
    • Enforcement of 'Building Code' and safety requirements by Municipalities
    • EIA and IEE
    • Relocation of at-risk communities in process
    • Retrofitting of public buildings
  • 11.
    • Priority 5
    • Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels
    • Prime Minister Disaster Relief Fund, Central Disaster Relief Fund and District Disaster Relief Fund
    • Disaster preparedness programme budget at national and district levels
    • National guidelines reviewed and put into force
    • Planning and simulation exercises at national and local levels
    • Kathmandu Valley earthquake preparedness initiatives
    • Seminars and workshops at all levels
    • Disaster preparedness and response action plan at local level
    • Community level disaster risk management/ flood management programme
    • Prepositioning of emergency rescue stores
  • 12.
    • Priority 5 - Achievements contd.....
    • Community Level Preparedness for Glacier Lake Outburst Flood
    • Model agreement with UN OCHA for emergency response
    • Programme for Enhancement of Emergency Response-Training on
      • CSSR
      • MFR
      • HOPE
  • 13.  
  • 14. Development of National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management
  • 15. Driving Factors
    • Hyogo Framework of Action and Nepal’s firm commitment to realization
    • Sustainable development movement
    • Disaster management as cross-cutting issue of development
    • Disaster management as transformative agenda
    • Increased political commitment
    • Poverty reduction and pro-poor development
    • State obligation and responsive governance
    • Cross-border, regional and international cooperation
    • Disaster risk reduction as global, regional and sub-regional concern
  • 16. Streams and Approaches
    • Strategic planning model
    • Diffusionist and inventionist streams
    • Critical social model (social legitimacy) rather than administrative-technical legitimacy model
    • Adaptive model: Best fit rather than best practice
    • Logical/Strategic incrementalism rather than so-called rational comprehensive model
    • Entrepreneurial thinking
    • Collaborative/participatory approach
    • Rights-based approach rather than welfare approach
  • 17. Structure
    • Sector-specific strategies
      • Health
      • Education
      • Water and sanitation
      • Shelter, infrastructure and physical planning
      • Information, communication, coordination and logistics
      • Search and rescue, and damage/need assessment
      • Agriculture and food security
      • Livelihood protection
    • Cross-cutting interventions
      • Human rights and protection
      • Gender and social inclusion
      • Staff safety and security
      • Decentralization and local self-governance
  • 18. Consultative Mechanism
    • Involvement of Stakeholders
      • Government line ministries
      • Local governing bodies
      • NGO networks
      • Corporate sector
      • Community level organizations
      • Local community people
      • Experts
      • Media
      • International development partners
    • Consultative process
      • Sectoral workshops
      • National workshop
      • Consultation with international development partners
      • Consultation with technical experts
  • 19.  
  • 20. Challenges and Gaps
    • Governance Challenges
      • Peace building process and political stability: determinant to political priority
      • Developing a competent national institution with decentralized system of functioning
      • Utilization of international and regional cooperation
      • Inadequate legal instrument and weak enforcement
      • Lack of visible and persuasive role by local self-governing bodies
    • Socio-cultural/Behavioural Challenges
      • Culture of submission to divinity and lack of resilient culture
      • Conventional pattern of human settlement
      • Complacent and non-demanding society
      • Lack of environment-friendly society
      • Inadequate behaviour-change communication
      • Natural resource dependency trap
  • 21.
    • Methodological Challenges
      • Lack of scientific data, disaster mapping and micro-zonation
      • National documentation and information system on disaster is lacking
      • Unpredictability due to climate change
      • Sustainability of technological applications
    • Economic Challenges
      • Widespread poverty and livelihood problems
      • Weak capacity of national treasury to adequately fund disaster risk reduction
      • Maintenance and reconstruction of developmental infrastructures
  • 22. Forward Moving Strategies: Priority Actions
    • A nationally-owned and implementable national strategy on disaster risk reduction to implement HFA
    • Mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into national and local level planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation frameworks
    • Strong institutional base for effective response to disaster risk preparedness and reduction: Networked, decentralized, entrepreneurial, collaborative, professional and virtual
    • Strengthening prevention and preparedness: systems, mechanisms, methodologies and actions
    • Scientific, educational and technological interventions
    • Behaviour-change interventions
    • Reconstruction, recovery, relocation and rehabilitation
    • Sub-regional, regional and international cooperation and collaboration
  • 23. Any queries, comments and suggestions...PLEASE
  • 24.
    • Thank you
    Thank you