Dipecho v news letter 4th edition- january10

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Dipecho v news letter 4th edition- january10

  1. 1. DIPECHO Newsletter Nepal Fourth Edition MASS SENSITIZATION January 2010 action “Better Knowledge Manage- Inside this issue: ment for Building a Culture of Nepal has been classified as one of Safety” (please see page 7 ) focuses the global ‘hot-spots’ for natural dis- Action Aid: 2 on awareness raising. Acuity, attitudes and asters (World Bank, 2005). Reducing actions – transformation the impact of Natural disasters in The theme of this fourth edition of Nepal is a big challenge for govern- the newsletter is “Mass Sensitiza- mental as well as non-governmental tion” for awareness raising in the 19 Danish Red Cross : 2 institutions. districts supported under the fifth Mass Sensitization for DIPECHO Action Plan. Inside this Safer Communities A wide array of measures has to be issue, DIPECHO Partners in Nepal taken, ranging from the development provides a brief of mass sensitiza- 3 Handicap International: of Disaster Management and Risk tion activities implemented as part Sensitization on disabil- Reduction legal framework, to overall of their contribution towards fulfill- ity and to persons with infrastructural interventions, coordi- ment of the third priority of the disabilities nation between agencies, research NSDRM. and development of early warning These initiatives include among Mission East: 4 systems and capacity building and others, radio and TV programs, Mass sensitization in remote mountainous strengthening of search and rescue street dramas and community areas teams. meetings. The articles in this edition provide only a brief of the various The National Strategy for Disaster sensitization activities carried out Oxfam: 4 Risk Management (NSDRM) devel- by DIPECHO Partners in Nepal. For Mass Media—Mass sen- oped with support from UNDP under further details of the different ini- sitization the third and fourth DIPECHO Action tiatives, please contact the Plans recognizes the potential contri- DIPECHO Project Managers directly. bution of local communities in disas- Practical Action: 5 ter risk reduction and preparedness. Early Warning—Mass sensitization The strategy further recognizes a strong need for awareness raising and dissemination of disaster risk Mercy Corps: 6 Changing practices reduction information to build resil- through mass sensitiza- ience of the nation as well as the tion communities to disasters. The NSDRM in line with the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) has iden- tified five priorities for action, of NSDRM Priority 3 7 which especially the third priority for
  2. 2. Page 2 DIPECHO Newsletter Nepal Inside Story Headline ACTION AID: Acuity, attitudes and actions – transformation through sensitization changes individual behavior and in- and information gathered through fluences collective attitudes. In the participatory vulnerability analysis DIPECHO projects, AA is trying to are feeding the community dis- influence thinking and practices courses. Appropriate and cultural within vulnerable communities to friendly media like street theatre, FM adopt a risk-resilience culture. radio broadcast, video documenta- Identification of risks and under- ries and facilitated group discussions standing vulnerability are crucial have been initiated to disseminate primary steps in a sensitization proc- information. A pool of resource per- ess, including physical, social, politi- sons, trained by the project, act as cal and economic causes of vulner- local facilitators and change agents ability. Situational assessment and analysis of local capacities and re- in the community. The volunteers The The DIPECHO V project, Surak- sources and probing ways and means facilitate the 18 REFLECT circles that shit Samudaya II, implemented by ActionAid in Nepal follows a logical to reduce associated risks forms the is held once in a week with average sequence to assist communities at second phase of the sensitization 30 participants. Thus, it is a combina- risk to build resilience to disasters. process. Once community is in- tion of processes, tools and products This includes 1) community mobiliza- formed, the third crucial step of mo- that ensures mass sensitization. It is tion and institutional development, bilizing collective action begins. This not just awareness, it is about social 2) mass sensitization and capacity is the phase when the informed peo- transformation. building, 3) strengthening alliance ple start taking organized actions to and collaborations and finally, 4) seek social, political and economic policy and governance at various measures to reduce risks and realize levels. All those critical steps are in- their rights to eliminate factors that terrelated and have to go hand in threaten human security. hand to achieve set objects. The above steps to inform and influ- Mass sensitization is crucial to organ- ence community to a larger social ized development using awareness transformation process are facili- and information at various levels to tated by various tools, techniques, bring about transformation. It methods and products. The findings Inside Story Headline DANISH RED CROSS: Mass Sensitization for Safer Communities ics. “Mass Sensitization” is one of the approaches adhered in project im- SAFE- Safer Communities through process of capacity development plementation to bring the people Multi-Hazard Risk Reduction project encompasses behavioral & attitudi- together for better reinforcement. of Danish Red Cross and Nepal Red nal change of the target population. Cross Society emphasizes on the ca- While bringing positive change in The SAFE project supported by the pacity development of poor & vul- behavior is a challenge, envisaging European Commission through its nerable communities so that they social change particularly in deep Humanitarian Aid department has so are able to reduce their vulnerability rooted traditional and ethnic com- far experienced that Mass Sensitiza- and withstand disasters. The entire munities have multifaceted dynam- tion brings positive changes to atti-
  3. 3. Fourth Edition Page 3 audience conscious of changes. It by housewives in mothers’ meetings, further brings into focus the positive teachers and community trainers in effects of changes, and possible schools, as well as volunteers in measures to be taken to address the community organizations – in es- unmet needs of the communities. sence, wherever teamwork is desir- able and achievable. SAFE has applied various tools such as newsletters, posters, booklets, Resources, both human and/or ma- films, pamphlets, folk music and terial are continually mobilized community meetings. These are used through Mass Sensitization, for more holistic and systematic implementa- tion of activities such as launching of Folk music in a gathering for commu- the project to conducting hazard mitigate identified problems. Mass mapping; identifying small scale miti- Sensitization is even more effective gation measures; formation of Disas- ter Preparedness Units in the com- in changing attitude and in motivat- munities and other DRR activities. ing the target audience for active participation in reaching the desired In vulnerable communities Mass goals and for their involvement in Sensitization is an effective measure addressing the problems. when analyzing the situation and implementing potential solution to Community meeting for hazard mapping Inside Story Headline HANDICAP INTERNATIONAL: Sensitization on disability and sensitization to persons with disability. Mass sensitization on inclusive DRR month later another camp is organ- has two angles: (i) sensitization of ized for distributing and fitting of the DRR stakeholders on the importance devices. These camps can also be of including persons with disabilities, the opportunity to share information - their capacities and their vulner- on DRR. abilities the day of the emergency Bringing people with disabilities and will be a concern for all community - their family members or caretakers and (ii) sensitization of persons with from different VDCs to meet in a disabilities on their right to partici- screening camp is in itself an event pate in disaster preparedness activi- of mass sensitization to disaster pre- ties and the importance as a mem- paredness and local organizations ber of the community, to support the are also motivated to involve people Screening Camp preparedness process of their Ward, with disabilities in their interven- VDC or District. early warning system, Disaster Man- tions. Often people with disabilities are not agement Committee meetings or Sensitizing the individual person with visible, left behind or are unable to evacuation in times of emergency. disability and their neighbours on participate in activities due to lack of HI distributes assistive devices in rights and duties for participation in assistive devices. Thus, the DIPECHO coordination with interested DRR interventions has an even project also promotes appropriate DIPECHO partners through mobile greater impact if combined with pro- provision of assistive devices such as camps. Needs are assessed and vision of assistive devices that will hearing or walking aids for persons measurements taken for relevant enable the person with disability to with disability to participate actively assistive or prosthetic devices. One in orientation sessions, trainings on participate.
  4. 4. Page 4 DIPECHO Newsletter Nepal MISSION EAST: Mass sensitization in remote mountainous areas. Inside Story Headline In remote mountainous areas of the lessons learned from similar actions Karnali region, FM Radio is the only – that active communities informed available and possible media for through broad FM radio dialogues mass sensitization. Most households will improve the possibilities of long- have a radio tuned on the local FM term and sustainable mitigation of station or on the national Radio Ne- adverse disaster effects on liveli- pal station. In that perspective, the hoods and development processes. majority of beneficiaries supported By initiating two-way dialogue on by Mission East’s DIPECHO project disaster and disaster preparedness will be reached by a radio program issues, MISSION EAST aims to in- planned to be aired on Radio Karnali crease positive participation in DRR (105.2 MHZ) from Jumla (covering 18 decision-making at community, VDC Listening to the radio magazine VDCs) for a period of 7 months. Ra- and district levels. Such initiative is in © KIRDARC dio Karnali, a project of Mission accordance with the Hyogo Frame- ment in reducing the effects of natu- East’s partner KIRDARC, has broad work for Action that considers active ral disaster. experience of community-based ra- community participation a key ele- dio programming. MISSION EAST will The 30 minutes radio magazine aired thus benefit from their 5-years’ of every week is expected to reach out experience creating and broadcast- to an audience of 70,000 people. It ing interactive radio magazines on will include field testimonies, vox box contemporary issues such as pro- calls, guest interviews, recall of disas- moting peace, democracy, human ter situations and will as well focus rights, good governance, and devel- on disasters in a national perspec- opment, during the time of conflict tive. The content will be adapted to and in the post conflict situation. It the local context in order to address also helps disadvantaged community groups such as women, children, people’s daily concerns. IDPs, dalit, indigenous and conflict affected people to bring forward their own concerns and problems. Interview for radio magazine MISSION EAST assumes – based on © KIRDARC Inside Story Headline OXFAM: Mass media – Mass sensitization For Oxfam mass sensitisation aims awareness on DRR. both to create and sustain support at Under the DIPECHO III action plan, the government level for the integra- Oxfam collaborated with ActionAid tion of DRR into development plan- and ECO Nepal to develop the Disas- ning as to raise awareness among the ter Knowledge Series, a 15 booklets communities on the nature of disas- series covering all aspects of DRR. ters. Throughout its programming, These booklets aimed at schools, Oxfam uses mass media such as tele- local partners and social mobilizers vision, radio programmes, monthly continue to prove useful both for
  5. 5. Fourth Edition Page 5 awareness raising and capacity approaches and voices ness raising. building purposes. from local officials, com- Under the DIPECHO V action plan, munity members and The school component consists of mass sensitisation consists of radio program staff training a DRR focal person in programmes, street theatre and Both will be aired on FM radios se- schools within the target communi- folksong competitions and the lected after radio surveys within the ties. These focal persons are also school programme. The radio pro- target communities to ensure the equipped with reference and IEC gramme consist of two elements: programmes will reach them. material which will continue to be • short radio jingles with Street theatre spreads messages on used for DRR sessions in the schools practical, applicable DRR directly to the target communi- also after completion of the messages on risks and ties. Local theatre groups deliver key DIPECHO V project. The school com- how to reduce them messages to the communities in the ponent aims both to develop general • longer broadcasts with local language. They are effective as awareness of DRR concepts among case studies of DRR both a form of popular entertain- students and teachers alike. ment and as a strategy for aware- PRACTICAL ACTION: Early Warning—Mass Sensitization the community’s role in establishing The SEWIN (Scaling up early warning systems in Nepal) implemented by early warning systems. The shows Practical Action supports a wide disseminated mainly early warning range of activities to improve knowl- experiences, benefits and impacts of edge and create awareness among early warning systems supported the wider population towards Com- under previous Practical Action sup- munity Based Flood Early Warn- ported projects. Door to door cam- ing Systems. To popularize the con- paigns and mass rallies are other cept of early warning systems two means used to create awareness on slogans have been introduced: early warning. Purbasuchana: Sabai Ka Lagi Sabai Early Warning Students Rally Marphat (Early Warning for all from all) and soon season. Reporters and the peo- Purbasuchana Ko Bistar: Jokhim ple in-charge of the FM and Commu- Nyunikaran Ko Aadhar (Promotion nity radio stations in the project dis- of early warning: the basis for re- tricts have attended trainings on ducing risk) how to analyze and interpret flood forecasting data available on the Practical Actions’ local partners have Department of Hydrology and Me- in collaboration with the districts’ trology’s website in order to provide Communication offices, the FM and relevant flood forecasting informa- Community radio stations developed tion through their radio channels. 39 jingles in four local languages and 7 radio programs on flood prepared- Video shows and street dramas on ness and early warning. The jingles early warning have helped communi- and programs were broadcasted ties internalizing the importance of before, during and after the mon- effective and on time warning and Early Warning Bicycle Rally
  6. 6. Page 6 DIPECHO Newsletter Nepal Practical Action has observed a sig- of project period and for the nificant change in practices among DIPECHO-V project the VDCs have the local governments tracked from allocated funds for preparedness the DIPECHO-III to the DIPECHO-V right from the beginning of the pro- projects due to sensitization initia- ject. tives. The Village Development Com- mittees (VDC) allocated at the end of the DIPECHO-III project a tiny budget for flood preparedness out of their annual budget, for the DIPECHO-IV project this happened in the middle MERCY CORPS – Changing practices through mass sensitization Mercy Corps has undertaken differ- district. ent media for effective mass sensiti- To further enhance awareness on zation and dissemination of DRR in- DRR options and modalities for local formation among various segments of the communities, students, and conditions, KDRRI promotes cross government organizations. Mercy visits and facilitates interactions be- Corps’ Kailali Disaster Risk Reduction tween different communities and Initiative Project (KDRRI) creates stakeholders. Furthermore, to impart awareness on floods and their risks DRR knowledge and information, IEC as well as protection mechnisms and materials are disseminated using coping strategies among the local household visits by a trained team of people in the project area and in 40 young community facilitators. neighboring communities. Street drama for mass sensitization Various techniques as games, essays, Street drama is an important tool and changing practices. The project arts, simulations and DP awareness used by KDRRI to sensitize and com- uses video documentations to galva- campaigns are used to fill gaps in municate key messages to commu- nize viewers into reducing disaster knowledge about DP and DRR among nity members who are unable to risks and documentary films to show teachers and students in the project read and write. Dramas are pre- various coping mechanisms adopted areas. sented in the local Tharu language by by people in high risk situation. En- two teams of local youth one trained forcement of rules like zero grazing under the previous DIPECHO project on the river banks and soil conversa- and another under the current pro- tion are some of the particular risk ject. That the street dramas are ef- reduction activities that are commu- fective in sensitization can be seen as nicated effectively through the vid- stated by a community member say- eos and are emulated on the ground. ing that his community was able to Furthermore, during the monsoon evacuate and rescue all community seasons short disaster preparedness members because of what they have messages and radio magazines are learned from the street drama. broadcasted by local FM stations and Electronic media are another effec- published in the daily newspapers in tive tool used for raising awareness two languages to raise awareness among a wider audience in Kailali Radio magazine being produced
  7. 7. Fourth Edition Page 7 NSDRM PRIORITY ACTION 3: Better knowledge management for building a culture of safety Strategic Activity 12: Develop/modify the National Policy on education and implement it so that it gives recognition to schools as important centers for propagating disaster awareness. Strategic Activity 13: Implement disaster education Strategic Activity 14: Develop curricula on DRR training for different target groups and implement training prgrammes for all stakeholders Strategic Activity 15: Develop and implement a comprehensive national programme for disaster awareness Strategic Activity 16: Develop plans, programmes and facilitate for use of mass communication media for dissemination of information on disaster risk and risk reduction Strategic Activity 17: Develop/strengthen and encourage awareness raising programmes on DRM at the local level This thematic newsletter has been produced by DIPECHO projects in Nepal with support from European Commission under its Humanitarian Aid department. While the work of the projects is supported by the European Commission the views expressed in the newsletter are those of the partner organizations alone. The contents and information has been provided by Action Aid; Danish Red Cross; Handicap International; Mercy Corps; Mission East Nepal; Oxfam GB and Practical Action. This issue is edited and circulated by Mercy Corps on be- half of DIPECHO partners in Nepal. To know more about DIPECHO projects, please contact Luc Verna for DG ECHO/DIPECHO at hoo@echo- kathmandu.org and respective project managers at krishnan.pv@actionaid.org (Action Aid), rajesh@carenepal.org (CARE), drcdp@mos.com.np (Danish Red Cross), dppm@hi-nepal.org (Handicap International), udons@np.mercycorps.org (Mercy Corps), Christophe.belperron@miseast.org (Mission East-Nepal), svanleuf- fel@oxfam.org.uk (Oxfam) and deb.bej@practicalaction.org (Practical Action).

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