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What's the invisible web and what resources should first responders be aware of for discovering info not available via the visible web.

What's the invisible web and what resources should first responders be aware of for discovering info not available via the visible web.

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  • Good morning, my name is Ed Metz and I manage the NETC library. Show of hands - how many of you have visited our library on campus already? How many of you have visited our web site? Here is my contact information in case you have any follow-up questions that come to mind later. You can also view my sldies online or download them from Slideshare at this link I’ve provided. So, what are we going to discuss this morning?
  • Well, we have four objectives for the next hour, the time I have with you. For the 1 st twenty minutes I’m going to describe what the Invisible web is , why its important to understand what can or can’t be accessed via the visible web and some important resources that are actually part of the invisible web that you should be familiar with and bookmark in your own person virtual library. I’ll wrap up this world wind 20 minutes by highlighting some resources we have on the LRc website. Then for the remaining time we have I want to have us spend some time searching the LRC OPAC. We’re going to work all of us thru some short discovery exercises, get some hands on in other words on how to find material related to your research needs in the catalog. So you won’t have to listen to me for the entire hour. At the end of this hour I hope you’re a step cl;oser to the goal of attaining information fluency. Information fluency goes beyond literacy (the ability to read and write). information literacy (the ability to find, evaluate and use information) extends to other types of literacy necessary to grow, learn and live – it includes media literacy (the ability to access, analyze, evaluate, and create messages in a variety of forms, and digital literacy (the ability to use digital technology, the internet to locate, evaluate, use and create information. Developing skills to become fluent with information is the key to our success individually as well as in groups, teams and communities.
  • It’s hard to imagine that a search engine returning many thousands of hits on a topic you’re exploring might not actually have access to all that’s out there on the web but experts estimate that actually some 80% of authoritative content on the Web is invisible to search engines. The Invisible or Deep web is many times larger in fact than the "surface web" we have access to via search engines like Google. To better grasp what we mean by the term “ Invisible Web ” let’s first consider what is visible . Basically, the visible or “surface” web refers to any online content that can be found and accessed by a search engine. Search engines send out robot programs or spiders, as they are sometimes called, to crawl the web looking for pages to add to a search engine database. These pages then get passed to the search engine’s indexing program which stores the content in its database. This database in turn is what you’re actually searching when you use a web search engine. So databases often don’t fall into the category of visible web. Yes, they’re on the internet but no, spiders can’t readily crawl their contents. They’re not static html pages and the contents are often password protected. You have to log in to get access to many such sites and spiders don’t do that.
  • In short, this means that many types of online resources with highly authoritative content such as digital libraries or repositories, journal article databases and statistical databases have to be searched separately. Their content is “invisible” to search engines. That’s why it’s not enough to be good at ferreting out information on Google, or the other search engines. While the size of their databases is large they by no means provide access to all or even most of the information available to you. This is as true for the fire and emergency services domain as it is for other subject areas as we’re about to see.
  • LLIS is a good example of a web resource containing original content that is password protected. LLIS is an online resource that allows some 40,000 emergency responders to share and find information critical to their work. LLIS original content is “invisible” to search engines. In order to access LLIS you’ll first need to register with the site. Click here to sign up. https:// www.llis.dhs.gov/signup.do What will you find on LLIS? There are well over 14,000 documents on LLIS published by a wide range of organizations including Federal, State, Local governmental, industry, academic and non-governmental publications. Publications include special reports, standard operating procedures and guidelines and emergency operations plans from all levels. In addition, LLIS offers a lot of original content that you’ll find nowhere else including over 500lessons learned, 150 best practices, 83 good stories, and some 700 after action reports. More original content is added each week so these figures are growing. You can browse fire service specific LLIS content by visiting the USFA page which offers Lessons Learned and Best Practice reports along with featured USFA publications. You’ll find in LLIS over 1200 documents related to the fire discipline alone. https:// www.llis.dhs.gov/member/DynamicPage.do?pageTitle = usfa
  • the RKB is a good source of information on equipment related matters – you can go here to learn about products, standards, grants and more providing a life-saving and cost-saving asset to DHS, as well as to federal, state, and local responders. The SAVER Program is supported by a network of technical agents who perform assessment and validation activities. Further, SAVER focuses primarily on two main questions for the emergency responder community: "What equipment is available?" and "How does it perform?“ System Assessment and Validation for Emergency Responders (SAVER) Program to assist emergency responders making procurement decisions. Located within the Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) of DHS, the SAVER Program conducts objective assessments and validations on commercial equipment and systems, and provides those results along with other relevant equipment information to the emergency response community in an operationally useful form. Personal Protective Equipment Operational and US&R Equipment Information Technology Communications Detection Decontamination Medical Uncategorized Products Access to the features of MyRKB , including: My Favorites , which saves your last ten keyword searches, last ten viewed content items, and last ten product comparisons - allowing you to quickly go back and find items previously viewed. My Watchlist , which informs you when new content is added or updates are made to categories YOU deem important on the site, including optional email notification of new items. The ability to provide Feedback to the RKB on something you would like to see added to the site, or let us know about a problem with a page. Use of the Ask An Expert feature, which allows you to pose a question to our Subject Matter Experts about anything you need help with or are curious about. The ability to download SAVER documents .
  • The Homeland Security Digital Library offers a wide variety of materials cutting across all disciplines within the homeland security and first responder communities including the fire service. Their collections are divided into a broad general collection searchable by the general public and a restricted repository. The general collection consists of over 65,000 fully downloadable documents of all kinds. Typing in the word “fire” for example in the title keyword box retrieves over 500 fulltext titles ranging from after-action reports to fire prevention tips and fact sheets. You can also browse HSDL featured documents by topical area such as Interoperability, Fusion Centers, Pandemics, or Wildfires. https://www.hsdl.org/?collection/cluster Archived topic areas include Mass Evacuation, Hurricane Katrina and 9/11. https://www.hsdl.org/?collection/ cluster&archive The value of searching the HSDL site for material as opposed to the general web is that you can be confidant that the resources here have been carefully selected and evaluated by subject-matter specialists. The HSDL Restricted Collection is a repository for materials from various national, state and local agencies, fusion centers, threat analysis centers, and law enforcement organizations. Topics in this collection include homeland security intelligence, threat assessments, terrorism, gangs, law enforcement and more.Materials in the restricted collection are not classified and do not require a clearance, however, the documents here are considered "CUI" (Controlled Unclassified Information), "sensitive" or "FOUO" (UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY) and are not available on the open web. Access to this section is limited to approval by the Homeland Security Digital Library and is generally limited to individuals belonging to federal, state, tribal, and local U.S. government officials. You may apply for an account by visiting the HSDL web site at https://www.hsdl.org/?help/access With an individual account, you also be able to take advantage of special and personalized features such as email alerts and "My Lists."
  • The mission of the CDC’s Safety and Health DB is to rapidly disseminate information to emergency response personnel on specific agents that may be used in terrorist events and that pose an occupational hazard of injury, illness, and death; to provide information to be incorporated into management systems of emergency response operations for the purpose of reducing work-related injuries and illnesses; and to provide information that may be used in continuing education and training programs for the emergency response community. a compilation of material from a diverse array of sources, and is intended to address the safety and health information needs of a wide range of emergency response personnel, including, but not limited to, the fields of fire and rescue, emergency medicine, law enforcement, emergency management, public health, safety and health, and mortuary and funeral. As a central source of information, the ERSH-DB allows diverse segments of the emergency response community to share a wealth of information that is not readily accessible and to avoid duplication of effort.
  • NETC Learning Resource Center : Your All-Hazards Information Portal Connecting first responder leaders to first responder knowledge since 1978. Comprehensive collection development in the areas of fire, emergency medical services, emergency management and homeland security. Our online catalog available to researchers 24/7. Growing number of subject bibliographies. Special online resource pages The NETC library is widely noted of course for our strong collection of fire related materials arguably the largest in the country. But its important to point out that we’re really an All-Hazards library with robust collections covering the entire gamut of both natural and man-made disasters from tornadoes and hurricanes to pandemics to chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear hazards. Students, First responders and emergency managers of all descriptions at all levels will find thru our website that they can discover important resources relevant to their work.   The second takeaway I’d like to emphasize is that unlike a great many libraries most of you are familiar with our catalog also includes over 100,000 citations to journal articles from the emergency management, all-hazards domain along with fire. We’re in essence, without question, the premier, one stop guide to periodical literature relating to emergency management that you’ll find on the Internet. We index 5000 articles each year from scores of emergency management, fire and EMS magazines. I’ll return to three points briefly later in presentation. But in sum All Hazards collections – unique discovery tool particularly for periodical literature.
  • Premier All Hazards Discovery Tool in the U.S. As with the HSDL a big plus in searching the LRC catalog is that resources here have been carefully selected and many of them you won’t find referenced elsewhere on the web. The EFO papers is just one good example of that. You can search our catalog anytime you want 24/7 from wherever you happen to have an internet connection We’ve even made it easier to find items that are available for download or reading online by creating a search for fulltext items option.
  • This slide just gives a quick look at a part of our web presence. I’d urge you to visit and learn more about these things you see here as well as other LRC online resources Centralized location for fire prevention practices and public education materials Searchable thru LRC OPAC Stable long-term platform, numerous access points Contact information for shared resources
  • How many of you subscribe to RSS feeds, USFA twitter or blog. What about govdelivery. The USFA and the LRC offers many ways fior you to stay abreast of some of the latest first responder information. You can visit our home page to subscribe to our RSS feed or gov delivery
  • Ask an LRC Librarian Got a question? Research requests? We can help Call (800) 638-1821 Fax: (301) 447-3217 Or Email: netclrc@dhs.gov
  • At that concludes the first part of my time with you this morning. Are there any questions before we start withour OPAC exercise?

Lrc Hottopics Lrc Hottopics Presentation Transcript

  • Hot Topics in Fire Protection Finding Information via the Invisible Web
    • Edward Metz (MLIS, MA)
    • Head Librarian
    • NETC Learning Resource Center
    • Tel: 301-447-1046
    • email – edward,metz@dhs.gov
    • Slides -
  • Hot Topics in Fire Protection Session Objectives
      • 1. Define what is meant by the term Invisible Web. What is its significance for your research?
      • 2. Describe several first responder “Invisible Web” resources that should be part of your own “Virtual Library.”
      • 3. Familiarize you with the LRC website.
      • 4. Demonstrate how to effectively search the LRC online catalog
  • Hot Topics in Fire Protection What is the Invisible Web?
    • What search engines do not search
    • Databases
      • How many? Thousands
      • Available online? Yes - access and search on Internet
      • Dynamically generated results in response to request (LRC OPAC)
  • Hot Topics in Fire Protection What is the Invisible Web?
    • Commercial/proprietary
    • Governmental/Academic
    • Often not a static web page that
    • can be crawled/indexed
    • Uniquely generated pages
    • Password protected (restricted, FOUO etc)
    • Makes up the majority of the web pages on the Internet
    Learn More : http://bit.ly/wJp7s
  • Hot Topics in Fire Protection Your Virtual Library – Resource 1: LLIS
      • Lessons Learned Information Sharing
      • National knowledge base of lessons learned and best practices
      • Serves the emergency responder community
      • Users of the system must be registered, authorized members
    https://www.llis.dhs.gov/loginRedirect.do About LLIS: http://bit.ly/17oW2O
  • Hot Topics in Fire Protection Your Virtual Library – Resource 2: RKB
      • Responder Knowledge Base
      • “ Created to provide Emergency Responders, purchasers, and planners with a trusted, integrated, on-line source of information on products, standards, certifications, grants, and other equipment-related information.”
      • "What equipment is available?"
      • and "How does it perform?"
      • https://www.rkb.us/
  • Hot Topics in Fire Protection Your Virtual Library – Resource 3: HSDL
      • Homeland Security Digital Library
      • Materials cover variety of disciplines within first responder community
      • Search general collection or restricted repository
      • Browse featured documents by topic - Interoperability, Fusion Centers, Pandemics, or Wildfires
      • https://www.hsdl.org/
  • Hot Topics in Fire Protection Your Virtual Library – Resource 4: Safety and Health DB
      • Emergency Response Safety and Health Database
      • Central source for health and safety information for the first responder community
      • Focus on high-priority chemical, biological and radiological agents
    http://www.cdc.gov/NIOSH/ershdb/
  • Hot Topics in Fire Protection Your Virtual Library – Resource 5: LRC
      • Learning Resource Center
      • Comprehensive all-hazards collections
      • Online catalog available to students, first responders, public 24/7
      • Nearly 17,000 downloadable reports, articles, books and papers
      • Training bulletins, GovDelivery email, RSS, USFA Twitter, USFA Blog
    http://www.lrc.fema.gov/index.html
  • Hot Topics in Fire Protection LRC Catalog: premier All Hazards Discovery Tool in the U.S.
    • Unique all-hazards guide to books, documents and periodical literature
    • Available to researchers and the general public 24/7
    • Fulltext Search option helps users find authoritative reports and documents available online for reading or download
    • Nearly two dozen fire and all-hazards related subject guides.
    • Flash video tutorials
    • Dozen InfoSearch & Web 2.0 Coffee Break Training Bulletins
    • Some two dozen NetLibrary eBooks in support of EFO Curriculum
    • Firefighter Safety and Civil Defense Resource Pages
    • Fire Prevention & Public Education Exchange
    Hot Topics in Fire Protection LRC Online Resources
    • LRC News and Information RSS feed
    • Fire Prevention & Public Education Exchange RSS feed
    • Follow USFA and the LRC on Twitter
      • http://twitter.com/usfire
    • Monthly GovDelivery emails
    Hot Topics in Fire Protection LRC Online Resources - RSS
  • Ask an LRC Librarian Got a question? Research requests? We can help
    • Call (800) 638-1821
    • Fax: (301) 447-3217
    • Or Email: netclrc@dhs.gov
    NETC Learning Resource Center Your All-Hazards Information Portal
  • U.S. Fire Administration