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  • 1. May 10, 20131Evolution to LTE ReportIntroductionIn this “Evolution to LTE” report, GSA presents thecurrent situation based on GSA’s current research, toprovide the industry with facts and analysis about theglobal status and growth of mobile broadbandenabled by LTE. The “Evolution to LTE” report isregularly updated and may be downloaded by anyregistered user of the GSA website. Information isprovided about the LTE system – both for FDD andTDD modes, technical standards, operatorinvestments and commitments including listings of allnetwork deployments, studies and trials, commercialservice launches (see GSA’s definition of commerciallaunch – below), and regulatory developmentsincluding spectrum supporting LTE-enabled mobilebroadband service network deployments.Details are also provided about LTE user deviceswhich have been announced by manufacturers.Information for the production of this report wasobtained in several ways, including from regularinformation exchanges and direct contacts by GSAwith senior management in network operatororganizations, regulatory authorities, suppliers andother stakeholders. This is in addition to considerationand analysis of public statements where appropriatee.g. company press releases and briefings, in order toestablish the facts as accurately as possible andensure that this report reflects the true LTE mobilebroadband market situation.Comments about the report including news/updatesshould be sent to email info@gsacom.comGSA provides additional LTE-related resources tocomplement this report, including various maps andcharts, which can be downloaded by registered siteusers at charts and maps are also available as PDFfiles – see the relevant links on our home pagewww.gsacom.comReaders may also download these related reports:• Status of the LTE Ecosystem report• Status of the Global LTE TDD Market report• Status of the Global LTE1800 Market reportThis report and all related materials and resourcesare copyright of GSA – Global mobile SuppliersAssociation. Any texts, images, layouts or othercontents may not be copied or distributed, whole or inpart, without the written consent of GSA, except forpersonal non-commercial use. For such purposesplease contact the Secretariat by email toinfo@gsacom.comFor further information please Market Summary – May 10, 2013175 commercial networks in 70 countries424 operators investing in LTE in 126 countries• 371 operator commitments in 116 countries• 53 pre-commitment trials in 10 more countriesGSA forecasts 248 commercial LTE networksin 87 countries by end 2013MVNOs are excluded© GSA www.gsacom.comGSA re-affirms LTE as the fastest developingmobile system technology everLTE is a mainstream technology and rapidexpansion globally is continuing in 2013GSA’s definition of commercial launch:The phase in which a public telecommunications operatoris carrying commercial traffic on its LTE network, or offersto provide public service. Only licensed operators withspectrum assigned for use in public LTE communicationsnetworks are considered. MVNOs are not included. TheLTE operator’s business model may be retail or wholesale.Devices compatible for use on the LTE network may besold direct by the operator to the customer, or viadistributors, resellers or other third parties, or already beowned by persons wishing to use the service.
  • 2. May 10, 20132Evolution to LTE Report175 commercial LTE networks in 70 countriesCountry Operator LaunchNorway TeliaSonera (NetCom) 14.12.09Sweden TeliaSonera 14.12.09Uzbekistan UCell 09.08.10Poland Aero2 (LTE FDD and TDD) 07.09.10USA MetroPCS 21.09.10Austria A1 Telekom 05.11.10Sweden Telenor Sweden 15.11.10Sweden Tele2 Sweden 15.11.10Hong Kong CSL Limited 25.11.10Finland TeliaSonera 30.11.10Germany Vodafone 01.12.10USA Verizon Wireless 05.12.10Finland Elisa 08.12.10Denmark TeliaSonera 09.12.10Estonia EMT 17.12.10Japan NTT DoCoMo 24.12.10Germany Deutsche Telekom 05.04.11Philippines Smart Communications 16.04.11Lithuania Omnitel 28.04.11Latvia LMT 31.05.11Singapore M1 21.06.11South Korea SK Telecom 01.07.11South Korea LG U+ 01.07.11Germany O2 01.07.11Canada Rogers Wireless 07.07.11Austria T-Mobile 28.07.11USA Mosaic Telecom 07. 2011Canada Bell Mobility 14.09.11Saudi Arabia Mobily (LTE TDD) 14.09.11Saudi Arabia STC (LTE TDD) later FDD 14.09.11Saudi Arabia Zain 14.09.11USA AT&T Mobility 18.09.11UAE Etisalat 25.09.11Australia Telstra 27.09.11Denmark TDC 10.10.11Austria 3 18.11.11Puerto Rico AT&T Mobility 20.11.11Puerto Rico Claro 24.11.11Kyrgyzstan Saima Telecom 09.12.11Brazil Sky Brazil (LTE TDD) 13.12.11Finland DNA 13.12.11Uruguay Antel 13.12.11USA Cricket 21.12.11Singapore SingTel 22.12.11Kuwait Viva 27.12.11Armenia Vivacell-MTS 28.12.11Bahrain Viva 01.01.12Hungary T-Mobile (MT) 01.01.12South Korea KT 03.01.12Russia Yota 15.01.12Canada TELUS 10.02.12USA Peoples Telephone Co-op 14.02.12Japan Softbank Mobile XGP/LTE TDD 24.02.12Portugal TMN (Portugal Telecom) 12.03.12Portugal Vodafone Portugal 12.03.12Portugal Optimus 15.03.12Japan eAccess 15.03.12USA US Cellular 22.03.12Croatia T Mobile/T-Hrvatski Telekom 23.03.12Croatia VIPNet 23.03.12USA Panhandle (PTCI) 03. 2012Australia NBN Co (LTE TDD) 02.04.12India Bharti Airtel (LTE TDD) 10.04.12Angola Movicel 14.04.12Puerto Rico Open Mobile 19.04.12Moldova IDC 21.04.12Sweden 3 (LTE FDD and TDD) 23.04.12Hong Kong CM HK (LTE FDD later TDD) 25.04.12Hong Kong PCCW 25.04.12USA Cellcom 30.04.12USA Pioneer Cellular 30.04.12Netherlands Vodafone 01.05.12Hong Kong 3 HK 02.05.12Netherlands Ziggo 03.05.12Netherlands Tele2 08.05.12Netherlands KPN 11.05.12Netherlands T-Mobile 11.05.12Namibia MTC 16.05.12USA BendBroadband 17.05.12Tanzania Smile 30.05.12UAE Du 12.06.12Colombia Une-UPM 14.06.12Azerbaijan Azercell 19.06.12Czech Rep Telefonica O2 19.06.12Mauritius Orange 21.06.12UK UK Broadband (LTE TDD) 28.06.12Guam IT&E 28.06.12Hungary Telenor Hungary 05.07.12Dominican R. Orange Dominicana 09.07.12Slovenia Si.mobil 12.07.12USA Sprint 15.07.12Oman Omantel LTE TDD later FDD 16.07.12Australia Optus 31.07.12Mauritius Emtel July 2012Slovak Rep Telefonica O2 02.08.12Hong Kong Smartone 28.08.12Poland Polkomtel Plus Sept 2012Russia Megafon (LTE TDD) 01.09.12Russia MTS (LTE TDD) 01.09.12USA C Spire Wireless 10.09.12Singapore StarHub 19.09.12Japan KDDI 21.09.12Japan Softbank Mobile 21.09.12Canada MTS 25.09.12Denmark 3 Denmark 28.09.12
  • 3. May 10, 20133Evolution to LTE ReportPhilippines Globe 28.09.12Luxembourg Tango 01.10.12Guam DoCoMo Pacific 04.10.12Tajikistan Babilon-Mobile 06.10.12Norway Telenor 10.10.12South Africa Vodacom 10.10.12USA Alaska Communications 12.10.12Mexico Telefonica Movistar 15.10.12Luxembourg Orange 29.10.12UK EE 30.10.12Uganda Smile Oct 2012Belgium Belgacom / Proximus 05.11.12USA Bluegrass Cellular 05.11.12Antigua-Barb Digicel 06.11.12Mexico Telcel 06.11.12Italy Vodafone 06.11.12Italy TIM 07.11.12Montenegro Telenor 08.11.12USA Sprocket Wireless 09.11.12Greece Cosmote 16.11.12Moldova Moldcell 16.11.12USA Strata Networks 19.11.12Moldova Orange Moldova 20.11.12Romania Vodafone 20.11.12Kuwait Zain 21.11.12France Orange 22.11.12USA Shentel 23.11.12Estonia Tele2 27.11.12France SFR 28.11.12Switzerland Swisscom 29.11.12South Africa MTN 01.12.12Romania Orange 12.12.12Brazil Claro 13.12.12Angola Unitel 16.12.12Bolivia Entel Movil 16.12.12Greece Vodafone 17.12.12Puerto Rico Sprint Nextel 18.12.12Kazakhstan Altel 25.12.12Sri Lanka Dialog LTE TDD later FDD 30.12.12Sri Lanka Mobitel 31.12.12USA Thumb Cellular 12.12Malaysia Maxis 01.01.13Canada Sasktel 31.01.13Italy 3 Italia 01.02.13Paraguay Personal 08.02.13Estonia Elisa 14.02.13Canada Eastlink 15.02.13Oman Nawras 17.02.13Paraguay Vox 18.02.13Bahrain Batelco 27.02.13New Zealand Vodafone 28.02.13Brazil On (LTE TDD) 03.13Lithuania Tele2 03.13USA MiSpot 14.03.13Dominican R. Tricom 18.03.13Slovenia Mobitel 20.03.13Guam iConnect 20.03.13USA T Mobile USA 26.03.13Iceland Nova 04.04.13Qatar Ooredoo 16.04.13Bahrain Zain 18.04.13South Africa Telkom Mobile / 8ta LTE TDD 21.04.13Malaysia Celcom Axiata 22.04.13Uganda MTN Uganda 25.04.13Romania Cosmote 29.04.13Brazil Oi 25.04.13Brazil TIM Brasil 30.04.13Brazil Vivo 30.04.13France Bouygues Telecom 06.05.13Thailand True Move 08.05.13© GSA – Global mobile Suppliers Association www.gsacom.com3GPP LTE is a single globalstandard with FDD and TDDmodes, delivering capacity, datathroughput enhancements and lowlatency to support new servicesand features requiring higher levelsof capability and performance. The primary drivetowards LTE from operators is the need for morecapacity, performance management and improvedefficiencies to lower the unit cost of delivering traffic.LTE is the next step in the user experience,enhancing more demanding applications such asinteractive TV, mobile video blogging, advancedgaming, and professional services. LTE supports afull IP-based network and harmonization with otherradio access technologies and is the natural evolutionchoice for GSM/HSPA, CDMA and WiMAX™ networkoperators, thereby enabling a single unifying globalstandard for even higher scale economies andsimplifying roaming. LTE is a global phenomenon.Spectrum for LTE deploymentsPressure on spectrum resources is high andoperators should deploy the most efficienttechnologies available to them. LTE can be deployedin existing 2G or 3G bands and in new spectrum e.g.2.6 GHz or digital dividend bands (700 or 800 MHzdepending on region). In the USA, LTE deploymentstypically use 700 MHz (primarily band 13 or band 17)or AWS (1.7/2.1 GHz). New digital dividend spectrumis being allocated in Europe, Asia and elsewhere,enabling extended geographical coverage and
  • 4. May 10, 20134Evolution to LTE Reportimproved in-building performance. Commercial LTEservices are running on several networks using 800MHz (band 20), often targeting rural broadbandneeds and improved indoor coverage. The capacityband in most regions is 2.6 GHz. There is highinterest in re-farming 2G spectrum for LTE, especially1800 MHz, and in a few cases 900 MHz. Mostregulators adopt a technology-neutral approach.Initial LTE FDD deployments in Japan use 800/850MHz, 1.5 GHz, 1.7 GHz and 2.1 GHz (operator-dependant). New 700 MHz (APT700) spectrum hasbeen allocated ready for future use.Design targets for the first LTE deployments include: Instantaneous downlink peak data rate of at least100 Mb/s within 20 MHz allocation (5 bps/Hz) Instantaneous uplink peak data rate of 50 Mb/s (2.5bps/Hz within a 20MHz uplink allocation) Downlink: average user throughput per MHz, 3 to 4times Release 6 HSDPA Uplink: average user throughput per MHz, 2-3 timesRelease 6 Enhanced Uplink E-UTRAN optimized for low mobile speed: 0-15km/h. Higher mobile speed between 15-120 km/hshould be supported with high performance.Mobility across the cellular network shall bemaintained at speeds 120 km/h-350 km/h (or evenup to 500 km/h depending on the frequency band) Spectrum flexibility: scalable to operate in 1.4, 3, 5,10, 15 and 20 MHz allocations: uplink anddownlink…paired and unpaired Co-existence with GERAN/3G on adjacentchannels; with other operators on adjacentchannels; overlapping or adjacent spectrum atcountry borders; handover with UTRAN & GERANLTE radio network products incorporate severalfeatures to simplify building and management of next-generation networks. Plug-and-play, self-configuration and self-optimization simplify andreduce network rollout and management cost. LTE isbeing deployed alongside simplified, IP-based coreand transport networks that are easier to build,maintain and introduce services on. The 3GPP corenetwork has also undergone System ArchitectureEvolution, optimized for packet mode and the IP-Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) to support all accesstechnologies, including fixed access. This allows: Improvements in latency, capacity, throughput Simplification of the core network, and optimizationfor IP traffic, services, and growth Simplified support and handover to non-3GPPaccess technologiesThe resulting evolved packet system comprizes thecore network, evolved packet core (EPC) and radionetwork. The whole system is often called LTE.LTE Category 4 enables 150 Mbps peak downlinkand is the next evolution step which is market realityon a number of networks with user devices available.LTE TDD SystemsMost LTE deployments use paired spectrum (FDD).The LTE TDD mode for unpaired spectrum iscomplementary and the perfect choice for providinghigh-speed mobile broadband access in unpairedspectrum. LTE TDD is gaining market tractionglobally, and also provides a future-proof evolutionarypath for TD-SCDMA, another 3GPP standard, aswidely deployed in China. LTE TDD is an integral partof the 3GPP standard, implementing a maximum ofcommonalities with LTE FDD and offeringcomparable performance characteristics and similarhigh spectral efficiency. Within globally assigned IMTbands for mobile services, significant resources aresuitable for LTE TDD. The largest contiguous bandsare 2.3 GHz (100 MHz) and within the 2.6 GHz band(50 MHz according to the CEPT band plan). Thereare also many deployments in progress or plannedusing 3.5 GHz (bands 42/43), which has significantfuture potential for LTE. Due to the demand for radiotechnologies for unpaired bands and leveraging thecommonalities above, LTE TDD can exploit globaleconomies of scale similar to LTE FDD, with a shorttime to market as a mainstream technology, and isthus an ideal path for WiMAX™ operators to growtheir business, which many are adopting. LTE TDDoperator commitments, system maturity and status ofthe devices eco-system are covered in this report.LTE-Advanced SystemsLTE FDD and LTE TDD have a clear evolutiontowards LTE-Advanced which includes many featuresoriginally considered for the ITU’s IMT-Advancedsystem. In October 2010 the ITU designated LTE-Advanced as an IMT-Advanced (4G) system. IMT-Advanced provides a global platform on which tobuild next-generations of interactive mobile servicesfor faster data access, enhanced roaming, unifiedmessaging and broadband multimedia. LTE-
  • 5. May 10, 20135Evolution to LTE ReportAdvanced test systems are operating around theworld, achieving transmission data rates of 1 GB/s onthe downlink and 200 Mbps on the uplink. Multi-carrier LTE (an LTE-Advanced feature) iscommercially launched. 3GPP published Release 10of the standard in March 2011 and froze the featuresset for LTE-Advanced. Completion of Rel. 10 was thefinal step to ensure that the 3GPP radio interface willmeet the requirements of IMT-Advanced. Severaloperators are preparing to introduce LTE-Advancedfeatures in their networks in 2013.LTE-Advanced capabilitiesAs is the case with current work on HSPA Evolution(HSPA+), LTE work will continue beyond the currentRelease. It is a well-proven method in 3GPP thatwork is allowed to carry on, but is punctuated by aseries of Releases, allowing the industry to makeproducts and plan services from that point on. At theplenary meeting of TSG SA in September 2012,Release 11 of the 3GPP specification sets for GSM,UMTS and LTE-Advanced (and access-agnostic)systems was functionally frozen. However, a furtherfew months are needed before all specifications canbe considered complete as some features are not yetfully specified.More about 3GPP standards at www.3gpp.orgLTE networks, developments global round-upAmericasUSAOn September 21, 2010 regional carrier MetroPCSbecame the first operator in the USA to launch LTE.MetroPCS offered the world’s first commerciallyavailable LTE handset, the Samsung Craft™. Servicewas launched in Las Vegas, extended to Dallas/ForthWorth, Detroit, Boston, Sacramento and New York.Samsung SCH-R900/Craft was also the first multi-mode CDMA-LTE handset. LTE network expansioncontinues. MetroPCS had 2.2 million LTE subs byend 2012 and has agreed to merge with T MobileUSA, subject to shareholder approval at its meetingon April 12, 2013.Verizon Wireless commercially launched LTE using700 MHz (band 13) on December 5, 2010. Verizonsaid coverage would match its 3G network by 2013.LTE service is available to over 90% of the population(287 million people, company website - May 2013).Verizon is now deploying LTE using AWS, targetingcommercial service in 2H 2013. Verizon plans todeploy VoLTE late 2013-early 2014.Through its “LTE in Rural America” program Verizonworks with partners to collaboratively build andoperate an LTE network that covers over 2.6 millionpeople in rural communities over 82,000 square milesby sharing its 700 MHz Upper C block spectrum. Thecurrent 19 “LTE in Rural America” participants are:• Appalachian Wireless – Kentucky• Bluegrass Cellular - Kentucky• Cellcom – Wisconsin and Michigan• Chariton Valley – Missouri• Chat Mobility - Iowa• Clear Stream - North Carolina• Convergence Technologies – Indiana• Copper Valley Telecom - Alaska• Cross Telephone - Oklahoma• Custer Telephone Cooperative – Idaho• KPU - Alaska• Matanuska Telephone Association – Alaska• MTPCS – Montana, Louisiana, Texas• NorthwestCell – Missouri• Pioneer Cellular – Oklahoma
  • 6. May 10, 20136Evolution to LTE Report• Sagebrush Cellular (Nemont) – Dakota,Montana• S and R Communications - Indiana• Strata Networks – Utah• Thumb Cellular - MichiganPioneer Cellular launched commercial LTE serviceon April 30, 2012. Cellcom launched commercial LTEservice on April 30, 2012 in Green Bay, SturgeonBay, Appleton, Oshkosh, Wausau, Oconto andMarinette Counties. Bluegrass Cellular launchedcommercial LTE service on November 5, 2012covering 348,000 population. Sprocket Wireless(brand of Cross Telephone) commercially launchedits first phase of 4G LTE service including portions ofthe Muskogee and Pittsburg counties in EasternOklahoma on November 9th, 2012. Strata Networkslaunched commercial service on November 19, 2012.Thumb Cellular commercially launched 700 MHzLTE service in December 2012. KPUTelecommunications (Alaska) i.e. Ketchikan PublicUtilities plans to lease a 22 MHz block from VerizonWireless.AT&T Mobility commercially launched LTE serviceon September 18, 2011 in 700 MHz (band 17) inAtlanta, Chicago, Dallas, Houston and San Antonio.The LTE network is now live in 222 markets (May 8,2013 company website) and is planned to cover 300million people by end 2014. AT&T plans to close itsGSM network by 2017 latest, and intends to re-farmthe spectrum to support its 3G and 4G networks. InJanuary 2013 AT&T announced plans to pay VerizonWireless the sum of US$ 1.9 billion for 700 MHz Bband spectrum covering 42 million people in 18states, plus AWS spectrum in markets includingPhoenix, Los Angeles, Fresno, and Portland. All ofthis spectrum will be used for LTE. The deal could becompleted in 2H 2013 and is subject to regulatoryapproval. VoLTE will be deployed by end 2013.T-Mobile USA commercially launched LTE serviceon March 26, 2013 in AWS spectrum. The target is toreach 100 millions population coverage by mid-2013,and 200 millions by end of 2013. Service is availableat launch in Baltimore, Houston, Kansas City, LasVegas, Phoenix, San Jose, and Washington, D.C.MiSpot, a new subsidiary of Agri-ValleyCommunication, commercially launched 700 MHzLTE service on March 14, 2013 to residents andsmall businesses in rural communities in 37 countiesin northern and central Michigan.Aircell aims to use LTE to boost its in-flight networkcapacity if sufficient spectrum is obtained.Bay Area Regional Interoperable CommunicationsSystem (BayRICS) vision was established by the 10Bay Area Counties and 3 core cities, San Francisco,Oakland, and San Jose in 2006 through the creationof a strategic plan with the goal of providing voice anddata interoperability throughout the Bay Area region.BayRICS is a state of the art communicationssystem-of-systems. Bay Area Wireless EnhancedBroadband (BayWEB) is the broadband componentof BayRICS which has acquired 700 MHz in which anLTE-based public safety system is intended to bedeployed. In April 2011, the first public-safety LTEpilot network in the San Francisco Bay Area wastested. These tests were commissioned by the EastBay Communications System Authority, whichoversaw the pilot LTE network deployment.BendBroadband announced on May 17, 2012 thatthe company had upgraded its network, making it thefirst carrier in Central Oregon to offer commercial LTEservice. BendBroadband announced it would shutdown its HSPA+ wireless network at end June 2012after which it will only offer the LTE service.C Spire Wireless holds 700 MHz band 12 spectrumfor most of Mississippi, Tennessee and Alabama andcommercially launched LTE service on September10, 2012 in McComb, Brookhaven, Meridian andGreenville. Due to limited device support for band 12,C Spire currently uses only band 25 (1850 – 1915 /1930 - 1995 MHz) for LTE and service is available in36 markets (March 1, 2013 – company website).CenturyLink plans to deploy LTE in 700 MHz, afterspending USD 149 million in the 700 MHz auction on69 A and B block concessions..Enhanced Telecommunications Corporation(ETC) is deploying an LTE network in Indiana.Leap Wireless Cricket subsidiary commerciallylaunched LTE on December 21, 2011 in Tucson inAWS spectrum. Coverage for Las Vegas wasannounced in October 2012. Cricket planned to cover21 million POPs by end 2012, and introduce several
  • 7. May 10, 20137Evolution to LTE ReportLTE smartphones. Leap Wireless signed a 5-yearwholesale agreement with Clearwire for capacity off-load.CDMA operator Alaska Communications (ACS)commercially launched 4G/LTE service in AWSspectrum on October 12, 2012 in Anchorage,Fairbanks and Juneau. Initial devices includedSamsung Galaxy SIII, Galaxy Note, and theBandLuxe 4G LTE Wireless Router.Clearwire Corp. is deploying LTE TDD in 2496 –2690 MHz (Band 41) and released results of trialscarried out on LTE TDD and FDD systems inPhoenix, Arizona. Clearwire is a member of theGlobal TD-LTE Initiative, and in August 2011committed to deploy an LTE overlay, incorporatingkey features of LTE-Advanced. The LTE TDD modeis expected to be deployed in 20 MHz of spectrumwith 2,000 LTE TDD sites operating by June 2013, atwhich time VoLTE will also be supported.Sprint commercially launched LTE FDD service onJuly 15, 2012 in 10 MHz of existing 1900 MHzspectrum (band 25) in 15 cities: Atlanta, Athens,Calhoun, Carrollton, Newnan and Rome, Ga.; Dallas,Fort Worth, Granbury-Hood County, Houston,Huntsville, San Antonio and Waco, Texas; and St.Joseph and Kansas City, Mo.. Initial smartphonesoffered include HTC EVO™ 4G LTE, Galaxy Nexus,LG Viper 4G LTE, and Samsung Galaxy SIII. TheSierra Wireless™ 4G LTE Tri-Fi Hotspot is alsooffered. Sprint plans to use 2.5 GHz in future and alsouse 800 MHz (ESMR spectrum) by moving iDENcustomers onto its CDMA PTT service. Sprintconfirmed LTE coverage served 58 markets (mid-March 2013, company website) and plans to have250 million LTE pops coverage by end 2013 andcontinue fill in of smaller markets with LTE from early2014. Sprint said it would not sell WiMAX™ serviceafter 2012 and is deploying LTE-Advancedtechnology in 800 MHz in 2013 using 3GPP Release10 in a 10 x 10 configuration.Softbank (Japan) plans to buy 70% of Sprint Nextelfor $20.1bn, subject to shareholders and regulatorsapproval, and could be completed by mid-2013.Shenandoah Telecommunications (Shentel) is anaffiliate of Sprint Nextel having access to the latter’s800 and 1900 MHz spectrum in return for building acompatible LTE network. Shentel launchedcommercial LTE service on November 23, 2012 inMaryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia.In May 2013 the company confirmed that LTEcoverage had reached 75% of its network footprint.As part of a $32.1 million stimulus grant, CommnetWireless, LLC (subsidiary of Atlantic Tele-NetworkInc.) will develop and operate an LTE network in theNavajo Nation. The grant, plus partial matching funds,will provide broadband infrastructure access to theNavajo Nation across Arizona, New Mexico and Utah,enabling fixed and mobile service for over 30,000households (c. 135,000 people) and 1,000businesses in 15 of the largest communities in theNavajo Nation, including Window Rock, Shiprock,Kayenta, Chinle, and Tuba City. The project will alsoprovide high-capacity connectivity on the combinedmiddle-mile backbone to 49 more tribal communities.Satellite TV provider Dish Network applied to theFCC in August 2011 for approval to deploy LTE-Advanced in S-band Mobile Satellite Services (MSS)spectrum bought from TerreStar, added to spectrumacquired from the purchase of satellite companyDBSD North America, for a total of 40 MHz (2000-2020 MHz and 2180-2200 MHz). This spectrum isnow known as AWS-4. FCC granted formal approvalto DISH on December 11, 2012 subject to specificedpower level restrictions to avoid interference to theadjacent AWS-H spectrum which is scheduled to beauctioned. AWS-H comprises 1915 – 1920 MHz(uplink) and 1995 – 2000 MHz (downlink), which isadjacent to PCS-G spectrum occupied by Sprint.In March 2012 the FCC issued a Notice of ProposedRulemaking for stand-alone terrestrial services using2 GHz MSS spectrum. If the waiver is allowed, LTE-Advanced service is not anticipated before 2016.Greenfield operator Lightsquared is planning todeploy the first US wholesale-only LTE network, andselected its infrastructure supplier for deploymentusing 1.4 to 1.6 GHz, mostly (46 MHz) in L-Band.However the company must work through majorregulatory obstacles because the FCC ruled that itsproposed operating frequency interferes with GPSand aircraft flight safety systems. Lightsquared filedfor bankruptcy in May 2012 in order to try to continueoperations, and has control over its Chapter 11 statusas the company continues its reorganization efforts.
  • 8. May 10, 20138Evolution to LTE ReportRural CDMA operator Mosaic Telecom (NWWisconsin) holds 700 MHz and AWS spectrum andlaunched commercial LTE service in July 2011.NetAmerica Alliance LLC aims to help bring LTEmobile broadband services to 700 MHz and AWSspectrum holders for consumers and businesses insmaller markets and rural areas. NetAmerica joinsforces with rural independent license holdersdeploying new converged 4G mobile/fixed networksand provide them with business and network servicesincluding combined buying power, nationwidebranding, 24x7 network monitoring, core networkingelements, apps development and other key services.www.netAmericaAlliance.comNetwork operators Etex Telephone Cooperative,Panhandle Telephone Cooperative, PeoplesTelephone Cooperative, and S&T TelephoneCooperative/Communications are committed toLTE network deployments and joined NetAmericaAlliance. On October 26, 2011, NetAmerica Allianceannounced a live LTE pilot network. NetAmericaAlliance members are using the pilot network todevelop, test and refine operating methodologiesprior to turn-up of commercial service. PeoplesTelephone Cooperative launched commercial LTEservice in rural Texas on February 14, 2012 havingreplaced its WiMAX™ offer with LTE in 700 MHz. Theinitial service phase moved over 200 residential usersfrom WiMAX™ to LTE in Eastern Texas.Panhandle (PTCI) owns spectrum covering sixcounties comprised of more than 45,000 people,nearly 20,000 households and covers over 7,500square miles. PTCI launched commercial LTEservice at end March 2012, initially in rural Oklahoma;the network consists of 45 towers covering 5,000square miles and 30,000 population covered.O2 Secure Wireless, an Internet communicationscompany, has embarked on phase one of its LTEnetwork strategy. The company plans to providecoverage to over 500,000 customers in under-servedor unserved markets in Florida, Kentucky, Mississippi,Alabama, North Carolina, and South Carolina.Public Service Wireless is deploying a 700 MHzLTE network in central and south-west Georgia.South Georgia Regional Information TechnologyAuthority is deploying a 700MHz LTE system.WiMAX™ operator SpeedConnect is deployinginfrastructure in Michigan that includes LTE andWiMAX™ technologies.Texas Energy Network (TEN) is deploying an LTEnetwork, initially targeting the oil and gas industriesbeginning with the Eagle Ford Shale region.United Wireless has added LTE to its CDMAnetwork and deployed its LTE network in 700 MHzband 12 spectrum, planning to launch when sufficientdevices for this band are available.US Cellular in partnership with King Street Wirelesscommercially launched 700 MHz LTE service onMarch 22, 2012 in selected cities in Iowa, Maine,North Carolina, Oklahoma, Texas and Wisconsin. 30new markets were activated on November 5, 2012.By end of 2012, 58% of its customer base werecovered by LTE, planned to rise to 87% by end 2013.VTel Wireless is deploying an LTE network in ruralVermont, to be completed by December 2013.West Central Wireless, subsidiary of Central TexasTelephone Cooperative, is deploying an LTE network.The company also uses LTE for fixed wirelessservices in the 700 MHz band, though this is not usedby its mobile subscribers, but will be offered on awholesale basis to other carriers.US regional operator Penasco ValleyTelecommunications (PVT) is deploying an LTEnetwork in the states of New Mexico and Texas,which will operate under the Fuego Wireless brand.CDMA operator nTelos Wireless, which servesKentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Ohio, Virginia,and West Virginia is deploying an LTE networktargeting service launch by end 2013 in selectedmarkets. The company said devices will supportbands 2, 4 and 25.On January 25, 2011 the FCC mandated LTE for firstresponders (public safety communications).Mandating of a single technology by the FCC isunprecedented. The Order and FNPRM requires all700 MHz public safety mobile broadband networks to
  • 9. May 10, 20139Evolution to LTE Reportuse a common air interface, specifically LTE, tosupport roaming and interoperable communications.The City of Charlotte Council awarded a contract inOctober 2011 for an LTE Public Safety Network in thededicated Public Safety 700 MHz band.On April 26, 2012 two key members of the HouseEnergy and Commerce Committees Subcommitteeon Communications and Technology - CongressmanCliff Stearns and Congresswoman Doris Matsui,introduced a bill (H.R 4817) calling for re-purposingand pairing of the 1755-1850 MHz band with theinternationally harmonized 2155 – 2180 MHz band(FCCs AWS-3). H.R. 4817 would require pairing andauction within three years of February 22, 2012. ThePresident would be required to clear 1755-1780 MHzwithin 5 years unless it can be shown that relocationof a particular government assignment is not possible"without jeopardizing essential military capability." IfH.R. 4817 is enacted and the paired 50 MHz block isauctioned and put into use in the near term, it wouldbe a big step toward lessening the "spectrum crunch".PUBLIC SAFETY – Band 14 (788-798/758-768 MHz)• Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department(LVMPD) trialling LTE in band 14.• Miami-Dade police trialling LTE in band 14The Iowa Statewide Interoperable CommunicationsSystem Board (ISICSB) issued a request forproposals (RFP) for industry-funded, LTE publicsafety broadband network proof-of-conceptdemonstrations (LTE PSBND), which will be used toeducate public safety and officials at the federal,state, county, local, and tribal levels about LTEstatewide public safety wireless communicationssystems. Proposals were requested by June 19, withIowa state planning to award a contract running fromJuly 1, 2012 until June 30, 2013. (GovWin blog)The FCC has adopted revised rules to enableWireless Communications Service (WCS) licenseesto use up to 30 MHz of underutilized 2.3 GHzspectrum for wireless broadband services. 20 MHzmay be used for mobile broadband, leaving 10 MHzfor fixed broadband, which in future may be used as adownlink path for mobile broadband users.CanadaRogers Wireless launched Canada’s firstcommercial LTE service on July 7, 2011 in Ottawa.Coverage reached 60% of population (October 1,2012) and is planned to cover 95 markets in 2103. OnSeptember 19, 2012 Rogers announced the 2600MHz enabled version of the LG Optimus G LTEsmartphone would be exclusively available fromRogers. In April 2013 the company said it would befirst to launch the BlackBerry Q10 smartphone on its2.6 GHz LTE spectrum.The 2600 MHz band is little used in Canada, and isfacilitated by Rogers and Bell in their partnershipcompany Inukshuk Wireless which built a networkusing pre-WiMAX© technology but was later shelved.Rogers statement: “The Rogers LTE 2600 MHzbandwidth is in all markets where we offer LTE AWS2100. In most markets where 2 x 20MHz (2600 MHz)is available, the LG Optimus G is capable oftheoretical max speeds of up to 100 Mbps. In smallerLTE markets that have 2 x 10 MHz (2600 MHz), theLG Optimus G can reach theoretical max speeds ofup to 75Mbps.” The LG Optimus G went on saleNovember 13, 2012. In May 2013 Rogers its dual-band AWS/2.6 GHz LTE network as “LTE Max”.Bell Mobility commercially launched LTE in Toronto,Mississauga, Hamilton, Kitchener-Waterloo andGuelph on September 14, 2011 and now covers 67%of the population (BCE 2012 Full Year Results).Customers outside LTE coverage fallback to DC-HSPA+ or HSPA+.EastLink simultaneously commercially launchedHSPA+ and LTE services in 2100 MHz spectrum(AWS) on February 15, 2013.TELUS launched commercial LTE service onFebruary 10, 2012 and coverage has now reached“nearly 70%” of the population (March 2013).MTS Allstream commercially launched LTE serviceon September 25, 2012 commencing in Manitoba.LTE service is available in Winnipeg and Brandon.SaskTel launched commercial LTE service in 2100MHz (AWS) spectrum on January 31, 2013 in Regina,Saskatoon, Clavet, Dundurn, Langham, Lumsden,Martensville, Osler, Pense, Vanscoy, Warman, and
  • 10. May 10, 201310Evolution to LTE ReportWhite City. In 2013 the LTE network will be extendedto Dalmeny, Balgonie, Estevan, Moose Jaw, NorthBattleford, Prince Albert, Swift Current, Weyburn andYorkton. Future phases are dependent on SaskTelbeing successful in the 700 MHz auction expected inNovember 2013. VoLTE will be deployed in 2013.Sasktel has also awarded a trial contract using LTETDD to help determine the feasibility of wirelessbroadband and voice services for customers inpredominantly rural locations. The trial is beingconducted in rural locations in Saskatchewan andruns from December 2012 until August 2013.Wind Mobile confirmed an LTE trial in February2011.Videotron plans to deploy LTE.Rural WiMAX™ operator Xplornet Communicationsannounced on December 8, 2011 completion of LTETDD tests in 2.6 GHz and 3.5 GHz bands. The trialsdemonstrated a seamless LTE TDD option overexisting WiMAX infrastructure, offering a smoothmigration path from WiMAX™ to LTE TDD. The 3.5GHz trial used the same band that Xplornet uses forWiMAX™. The current network has 380 tower sites(early 2013). The 2.6 GHz trial was enabled by adevelopment license from regulator Industry Canada.Industry Canada is planning to auction 700 MHz(aligning with the US band plan) on November 19,2013 and auction 2.6 GHz spectrum within a year ofthe 700 MHz auction.Antigua and BarbudaDigicel launched commercial 4G LTE services using700 MHz (band 17) on November 6, 2012. LTEcovers 70% of the population (January 2013).ArgentinaTelefonica Movistar completed lab trials of LTE inMarch 2010, and a field trial in 2010 in Buenos Aires,in AWS spectrum.Personal tested LTE in Puerto Madero (June 2010),and in December 2010 announced a trial in Cordoba.Regulator SECOM announced on September 5, 2012it would allocate to state-owned operator Arsat all the850 MHz and 1900 MHz spectrum returned byMovistar when parent Telefonica bought some of theassets of former operator Movicom from Bell South.According to reports, spectrum in the AWS band willbe auctioned in 2013 for LTE network deployments.BahamasThe Utilities Regulation and Competition Authority(URCA) on August 13, 2012 awarded a 15 years 700MHz license (24 MHz) to BTC. The announcementfollowed evaluation of 5 license applications, two ofwhich were rejected as failing the minimum criteria,one application is pending approvals from otherbusiness investment and licensing bodies. The newlicense has coverage obligations. BTC hasexclusivity in mobile services to April 2014 and plansLTE network rollout from January 2013, with servicescommencing within a few months.Cable TV operator Cable Bahamas Limited (CBL) isalso expected to receive a license.BelizeBTL (DigiCell) is deploying an LTE upgrade to itsGSM network.BermudaFixed telecoms operator North RockCommunications has requested from the regulator alicense to deploy and operate an LTE network.BoliviaEntel Movil launched the country’s first commercialLTE service on December 16, 2012 in La Paz,Cochabamba and Santa Cruz in 700 MHz and plansLTE service in all 337 municipalities by mid-2014.Regulator Telecommunications and TransportSupervising and Regulating Authorities (ATT) isintending to auction spectrum in 2013, which isexpected to include blocks in 700 MHz, 900 MHz,1.7/2.1 GHz (AWS), 1.9 GHz & 2.6 GHz bands.BrazilThe auction of 2.6 GHz LTE spectrum by regulatorAnatel was concluded on June 12, 2012 with the
  • 11. May 10, 201311Evolution to LTE Reportwinners being Vivo (2 x 20 MHz MHz), Claro (2 x 20MHz), TIM (2 x 10 MHz) and Oi (2 x 10 MHz). As noseparate bids for 450 MHz spectrum were made,regulator Anatel bundled the unsold channels with thenew 2.6 GHz concessions. Commercial LTE servicesare required to be launched in 2013 including thecities hosting the FIFA Confederations Cup footballmatches - Belo Horizonte, Brasilia, Fortaleza, Recife,Rio de Janeiro and Salvador by April 2013. Thetournament begins in June 2013. The auctionincluded spectrum suitable for TDD deployments,acquired by Sky Brasil Servicos and SunriseTelecomunicacoes, the latter for Sao Paulo state.Sky Brasil Servicos commercially launched 2.6 GHzLTE TDD (band 38) in Brasilia on December 13, 2011Sunrise changed its name to On Telecomunicacoesand commercially launched 2.6 GHz LTE TDDservice in band 38 in Itatiba, Louveira, Valinhos andVinhedo in March 2013. This will serve as a test bedfor possible expansion to all of Sao Paulo state.Claro commercially launched LTE FDD service onDecember 13, 2012 in Recife, Campos do Jordao,Buzios and Parat, using 2.6 GHz spectrum. Servicewas subsequently opened in Curitiba on January 29,2013 and Porto Alegre on March 7, 2013.Oi commercially launched LTE service on April 25,2013 in Rio de Janeiro. The company planned toextend LTE services to Belo Horizonte, Brasília.Fortaleza, Recife, and Salvador during May 2013.TIM and Oi use shared LTE network infrastructure inthe cities hosting the Confederations Cup matches.TIM Brasil commercially launched LTE service onApril 30, 2013 in the six Confederations Cup venues.Vivo commercially launched its LTE network on April30, 2013 in Sao Paulo in addition to the sixConfederations Cup venues.The Sao Paulo military police force is testing LTEin 700 MHz, trialling with 5 base stations. The BrazilArmy is testing LTE in 700MHz for public securitysolutions. The network was installed in September2011 at two sites in Brasilia covering Esplanada dosMinistérios, and Communications Center and theArmy Electronic Warfare (CCOMGEX)CPqD tested LTE in 450 MHz reportedly inCampinas. Tests were also made using 2.6 GHz.Algar Telecom (CTBC) has conducted LTE trials in850 MHz and 1800 MHz. Regulatory approval isneeded for commercial services in these frequencies.Anatel auctioned 15 lots of spectrum sub-bands onDecember 6, 2011 for USD 132.7 million. 39 lotswere not auctioned, including 29 for WiMAX™. TIM,Oi and Sercomtel bought spectrum in the 1800 MHzband. Claro bought spectrum in the 800 MHz band.Discussions are planned on use of 700 MHz afterdigital TV switchover (2016). Anatel has adopted theAPT700 band thus aligning with other countries in theregion including Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia,Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama and Uruguay.Anatel has put the matter to a public consultationwhich lasts for 45 days from February 21, 2013 afterwhich a public hearing will be held.3.5 GHz spectrum may be auctioned later.ChileRegulator Subtel announced in July 2012 thatMovistar, Entel and Claro had each won 2 x 20 MHzspectrum in the 2.6 GHz auction. Conditions includean obligation to roll out nationwide within 12 months.The other incumbents, Nextel and VTR, did not bid.In September 2012 Claro confirmed plans tocommercially launch LTE in 2013. A 100-user trialhas opened in Santiago.Entel PCS completed an LTE trial at the Universidadde Chile, selected its infrastructure system vendor,and is planning commercial launch in 2013.Movistar is deploying a commercial LTE network.Subtel confirmed adoption of the APT700 band planfor 700 MHz (FDD) which is scheduled to beauctioned for LTE deployments in mid-2013.ColombiaUNE-EPM launched commercial LTE service on June14, 2012 in 2.6 GHz spectrum in Bogotá andMedellín, gaining 40,000 subscriptions by end 2012.
  • 12. May 10, 201312Evolution to LTE ReportThe Ministry of ICT (MinTIC) December 29, 2011invited expressions of interest to participate in anauction of Band IV (AWS), Band II (PCS1900) andBand VII (2.6 GHz) for 4G/LTE use. The auction wasdelayed and is expected to be start on June 26, 2013.10 companies confirmed interest in bidding, local aswell as foreign operators. Tigo intends to participateand confirmed plans to deploy a commercial LTEnetwork. Nextel and Avantel are amongst the newplayers expressing interest in the auctions. MinTICplans to auction for 4G/LTE:• 3 blocks of 30 MHz each in the AWSspectrum; one block reserved for new players• 3 blocks of 30 MHz and 1 block of 40 MHz in2.6 GHz spectrum; 1 block reserved for newplayers• 5 MHz of 3G/1.9 GHz will also be offeredThe proposed merger between Tigo and UNE-EPMreceived approval from the Medellin council on May6. Approval is required from regulatory authorities.Regulator ANE has adopted the APT700 band plan.Costa RicaClaro, ICE & Movistar are interested to deploy LTE.Pan Latin American WiMAX™ operator IBWInternational, with operations in Costa Rica, ElSalvador, Guatemala, and Nicaragua is planning tomigrate to 2.3 GHz LTE TDD technology.Dominican RepublicOrange Dominicana launched commercial LTEservice in Santo Domingo on July 9, 2012, using1800 MHz spectrum (LTE1800).Tricom commercially launched LTE using 1900 MHz(band 2) spectrum on March 18, 2013. The networkinitially covers the National District, metropolitan zoneof Santiago and other principal cities.EcuadorThe Telecommunication and Information SocietyMinistry (MINTEL) announced the NationalBroadband Plan is to be strengthened to assistdevelopment of high speed Internet access tounderserved areas. New measures include aresolution to implement LTE in all regions.Considering the benefits of the new mobiletechnologies, the Telecommunication and InformationSociety Ministry (MINTEL) and the National Secretaryof Telecommunications (SENATEL) organizedvarious events to demonstrate new mobiletechnologies like LTE, in order to increase thetechnological and social development. Thegovernment seeks to publicize the benefits of the newmobile technologies to the society in general.CONATEL advised GSA about several LTE-focusedevents and trials held or planned in Ecuador. WithLTE comes the opportunity to deploy networks andservices, in some areas for the first time. Thegovernment has developed the National BroadbandPlan, whose main objective is to provide Internetservices in underserved areas and technologicallyisolated amongst the main goals, to achieve by 2017at least 75% of Ecuadors population with access tobroadband. To help fulfill these goals and objectives,CONATEL approved the re-allocation of frequencybands for the introduction of IMT systems as follows:• 700 MHz band: 90 MHz• AWS band: 120 MHz• 2.5/2.6 GHz band: 190 MHzWith this decision, Ecuador continues taking concretesteps leading to the introduction of new technologiesto promote broadband access. (This information waskindly provided to GSA by CONATEL – August 2012).In October 2012 CONATEL announced its adoptionof the APT700 band plan.State-owned operator CNT has been allocated 30MHz in the 700 MHz band and 40 MHz in the1700/2100 MHz (AWS) band for its LTE network andplans to launch commercial service by June 2013.This allocation has the additional objective toencourage the deployment of telecommunicationsnetworks with new technologies such as LTEstandard, thereby facilitating the introduction ofmobile broadband services, whose benefits have animpact on the technical, social and economic issues.At the same time, CONATEL ordered the formation ofan Interagency Commission, in order to define theconditions and demands that the public operatorshould comply with for use of authorized frequency
  • 13. May 10, 201313Evolution to LTE Reportblocks, which need to be consistent with the NationalBroadband Plan and Good Living Plan.CONATEL has also requested the InteragencyCommission to present alternatives for allocatingradio spectrum to private operators (established orincoming) in the bands that are currently allocated inthe National Frequency Plan for IMT services.El SalvadorPan Latin American WiMAX(™) operator IBWInternational, operating in Costa Rica, El Salvador,Guatemala, and Nicaragua, is planning to migrate itsoperations to 2.3 GHz LTE TDD technology.GuatemalaRegulator SIT said suitable bands for LTE include800 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, AWS, and 2.1 GHz.Pan Latin American WiMAX™ operator IBWInternational, operating in Costa Rica, El Salvador,Guatemala, and Nicaragua is planning to migrate itsoperations to 2.3 GHz LTE TDD technology.JamaicaClaro is reported to be deploying an LTE system.Digicel has agreed to acquire the company fromAmerica Movil. Further announcements are awaited.MexicoOn September 21, 2012 the regulator COFETELconfirmed its adoption of the APT band plan for 700MHz digital dividend spectrum. GSA welcomes thisimportant development which provided a strongsignal to the Latin American region - comment: Thisclearly shows how critical regulators viewinternational harmonization and spectrum efficiencyas being. Countries need to move forward in aconcerted and harmonized way to meet therequirements on economies of scale for devices andcapacity for mobile broadband.Telefónica commercially launched LTE in AWSspectrum on October 15, 2012 in Ciudad de México,and on October 30 in Guadalajara and Monterrey.Telefónica and Iusacell agreed a network sharingarrangement.Telcel commercially launched LTE in AWS spectrumfor post-paid customers on November 6, 2012 inMexico City, Guadalajara, Monterrey, Queretaro,Puebla, Ciudad Juarez, Tijuana, Hermosillo andMerida, planning to reach 26 markets by Q1 2013.The government plans to auction 700 MHz and 2.6GHz spectrum. In August 2012 the government said itwould not renew spectrum held in the 2.5/2.6 GHzband which would be recalled on expiry.NicaraguaPan Latin American WiMAX(™) operator IBWInternational, operating in Costa Rica, El Salvador,Guatemala, and Nicaragua is planning to migrate itsoperations to 2.3 GHz LTE TDD technology.PanamaCable and Wireless Panama is planning to deploy anLTE network and has identified a network partner.ParaguayPersonal commercially launched LTE service inrefarmed 1900 MHz spectrum on February 8, 2013,initially in Asuncion and surrounding areas. Networkexpansion depends on access to more spectrum.Regulator CONATEL plans to auction AWS spectrum.Vox (Copaco) launched commercial LTE service inAWS spectrum on February 18, 2013. Initially Voxlaunched service using 109 sites of which 89 servedAsuncion and the metro area, 14 were in Ciudad delEste, 5 in Encarnación and 1 in Pilar. A further 100sites are planned for activation in the coming months.Tigo is planning to deploy LTE in 2.6 GHz spectrumacquired from Grupo Clarin.PeruMovistar has trialled LTE. Ministerio de Transporte yComunicaciones del Perú is expected to auction 2blocks of AWS spectrum for LTE in 1H 2013.Puerto RicoAT&T Puerto Rico launched commercial LTE servicein 700 MHz on November 20, 2011 in San Juan, and
  • 14. May 10, 201314Evolution to LTE Reportin Guayama, San German and Yauco in 2012. AT&Talso owns 2.6 GHz spectrum.Claro commercially launched 700 MHz LTE serviceon November 24, 2011 and one year later offeredservice for dongle, smartphone and tablet users.CDMA operator Open Mobile launched 700 MHzcommercial LTE service on April 19, 2012.Sprint Nextel announced commercial launch onDecember 18, 2012 in 1900 MHz spectrum.T Mobile USA is deploying LTE for launch in 2013.Aeronet Wireless Broadband is deploying a LTETDD network for backbone and customer accessusing leased 2.6 GHz spectrum.Turks & Caicos IslandsIn February 2013 Digicel (700 MHz Lower B and C)and Islandcom (700 MHz Upper C) received licencesto deploy commercial LTE networks. LIME did not wina licence. Digicel plans 75% population coveragewithin 18 months and 98% within 30 months.UruguayAntel launched commercial LTE services onDecember 13, 3011 in AWS spectrum in Montevideoand Punta del Este. Antel has requested access to700 MHz for LTE and awaits the regulator’s decision,and has announced plans for nationwide deployment.In May 2012 the government passed a Decreegoverning DTT implementation. Digital broadcastingwill start within 12 months and the analog switch offwill take place on November 21, 2015.In March 2013 regulator URSEC announced that anaward of spectrum had been made to the 3incumbent mobile operators following a tenderprocess for 900 MHz, 1900 MHz and AWS spectrum.No bids were made for 900 MHz spectrum.Movistar won 4 blocks of 1900 MHz spectrum.Claro won 2 blocks of 1900 MHz and 2 blocks ofAWS spectrum.Antel did not take part in the auction and had to payfor reserved spectrum of 1 block in 900 MHz and 4blocks of AWS.Claro intends to deploy a commercial LTE network inits newly-acquired AWS spectrum.Movistar is committed to deploy an LTE network.Wireless broadband company Dedicado is planningto invest US$ 5 million in deployment of “4Motion”network using WiMAX™ and LTE in 3.5 GHz.US Virgin IslandsAT&T Mobility is deploying LTE on St Croix and StThomas targeting commercial service in 2013.VenezuelaRegulator Conatel issued an invitation for theallocation of 35 MHz paired spectrum bands:1930-1940 MHz paired with 1850-1860 MHz (band 2)1945-1955 MHz paired with 1865-1875 MHz (band 2)1810-1825 MHz paired with 1715-1730 MHz (band 3)Applications were required by June 6, 2012.Movilnet, Movistar, Digitel responded. Digitel wasawarded 30 MHz of spectrum in 1800 MHz and 1900MHz. Movilnet and Movistar each received 20 MHzof extra spectrum in those bandsDigitel has announced plans to use part of its 1800MHz spectrum to launch LTE1800-based service.Movilnet currently uses band 2 for HSPA and hasbeen testing LTE.WiMAX™ operator Movilmax has a nationwidelicense with 48 MHz of 2.6 GHz spectrum andannounced the company is migrating to LTE.On March 25, 2013 Conatel launched a consultationconcerning 2.6 GHz spectrum which could be usedfor LTE. Comments are required by April 9, 2013.
  • 15. May 10, 201315Evolution to LTE ReportAsia Pacific and OceaniaAfghanistanEtisalat Afghanistan claims completion of an LTEtrial. The regulatory position is unclear.AustraliaAll three mobile operators are deploying LTE1800.Telstra commercially launched LTE1800 service onSeptember 27, 2011 in capital city CBDs (centralbusiness districts) and more than 30 regional andmetropolitan centers. The NextG network upgradeuses Telstra’s existing 1800 MHz spectrum refarmedto deliver LTE to areas where traffic demand is mostconcentrated and is integrated with Telstra’s existingHSPA+ service in the 850MHz band. Telstra offersdual mode LTE/HSPA+ mobile broadband devices forseamless operation across 1800 MHz and 850 MHz.Telstra is trialling IMS but says it will not rush intovoice until coverage is ubiquitous on the LTE layer.Telstra announced activation of its 1,000thLTE basestation in May 2012. On November 1, 2012 Telstrareported LTE service availability in 100 major capitalsand regional centers, 40% LTE population coverage(rising to 66% by June 2013), 820,000 4Gsubscriptions at October 2012, and over 100,000iPhone 5’s connected in the previous 4 weeks.In February 2013 Telstra announced plans to deployLTE in re-farmed 900 MHz spectrum – some sites arerunning already - and is currently trialling LTE-Advanced technologies. Some 2100 MHz spectrumwill also be used in the LTE network. Telstra alsoacquired new APT700 and 2.6 GHz spectrum in therecent auction – see below.Also see Telstra blog (by Mike Wright) conducted an LTE1800 trial for 1,000+ usersin Newcastle and Hunter Valley areas of New SouthWales. Commercial LTE service launch for smallbusiness, enterprise and government customers inSydney and Perth was confirmed on July 31, 2012using LTE1800, before a wider launch on September4, 2012. The Optus 4G (LTE1800) network nowcovers areas of Adelaide, Sydney, Perth, Newcastle,Melbourne, Brisbane and the Gold Coast. Optusacquired Vivid Wireless giving access to 98 MHz of2.3 GHz spectrum. Optus has opened its trial networkfor LTE TDD at the Optus Campus in Macquarie Parkand St Marys in western Sydney. The first publicdemonstration achieved peak site throughput speedsover 200 Mbps and a consistent per-user rangebetween 25 Mbps and 87 Mbps. In May 2012 Optusand Vodafone announced a major site sharingroaming deal, subject to ACCC approval. Optus alsoacquired new APT700 and 2.6 GHz spectrum in therecent auction – see below.Vodafone Hutchison Australia (VHA) confirmedresults of its first LTE1800 trial in Q4 2010 inNewcastle, NSW using 10 MHz of 1800 MHz. Asecond trial in Sydney followed. In September 2011VHA announced that an agreement between thecompany and the Australasian Railway Association,which holds licences for 1800 MHz spectrum, tocreate contiguous blocks of spectrum in NSW,Victoria and South Australia, had been approved bythe Australian Communications and Media Authority(ACMA). VHA will use 20 MHz of 1800 MHz(LTE1800) for commercial services. Upgrading of thenetwork (around 5,800 2G and 3G base station sites)is underway. The company confirmed commercialLTE1800 service will be launched in June 2013.NBN Co was established to design, build and operatethe national broadband network and is deploying2.3GHz LTE TDD for fixed-wireless broadband toserve rural Australia with download speeds of up to12 Mbps and upload speeds reaching 1 Mbps,ensuring a significant improvement on existingservices. NBN Co launched LTE TDD commercialwholesale services to customers on 2 April, 2012.There are currently 15 service providers who areaccredited to provide services over the network andNBN Co is installing services for them across fourlocations in Australia, expanding to a nationalfootprint covering 4% of the population by the end of2015. This locks in with the same product set beingoffered over fibre and satellite to make the totalpicture of 100% population coverage. Retail pricepackages are available from *SkyMesh, iiNet, andActiv8Me (source: NBN Co provided to GSA)EnergyAustralia’s Ausgrid trialled an LTE platformat 15 sites in 2011, with the intent to migrate to a full
  • 16. May 10, 201316Evolution to LTE ReportLTE network. EnergyAustralia was chosen by theGovernment to lead the Smart Grid, Smart Citydemonstration project to test Australia’s first fullyintegrated, commercial-scale smart grid.WiMAX™ operator BigAir manages one of thelargest metropolitan fixed wireless networks inAustralia and has confirmed plans to deploy LTE forcommercial service, expected in the 2013 timeframe.An auction by ACMA of 700 MHz APT700 digitaldividend spectrum (for use from January 1, 2015) and2.6 GHz spectrum (for use from October 1, 2014 inmost places) began on April 23, 2013. Results wereannounced on May 7, 2013. All three bidders—OptusMobile, Telstra and TPG Internet—secured spectrumin the auction, resulting in total revenues of nearlyAUS$2 billion. Vodafone Hutchison Australiawithdrew before the auction.Results summary:APT700 band winners:Optus 2 x 10 MHzTelstra 2 x 20 MHz2.6 GHz band winners:Optus 2 x 20 MHzTelstra 2 x 40 MHzTPG Internet 2 x 10 MHzMore information with prices: Internet is a nationwide fixed telecoms serviceprovider and holds international assets (submarinecable). The company plans to deploy LTE.ACMA is consulting on proposals for prioritizing morespectrum for mobile broadband including changingthe status of the 3.4 – 3.6 GHz band to “primary” from“secondary”, and is suitable for LTE. ACMA is alsoevaluating the merits of using the 400 MHz band forinteroperable government wireless communications.BangladeshThe Ministry of Post and Telecommunications haspublished a draft proposal for awarding 6 combined3G and LTE licences; 50 MHz of 1900 MHz spectrumin five lots of 10 MHz paired is being made Telecom is deploying a network upgrade thatincludes LTE1800 initially for the capital, Thimpu.BruneiRegulator AITI is consulting on releasing spectrum inthe 1800 MHz band suitable for LTE deployments.Comments were required by December 14, 2012.ChinaChina Mobile built its TD-SCDMA network so thatsites and other elements are reusable for LTE TDD.China Mobile ran a pilot of LTE TDD technology untilSeptember 2011 using 850 base stations in 6 cities inPhase 1 working with several infrastructure, devicesand chipset vendors. This followed a large-scaleshowcase trial network during the 2010 World Expo inShanghai. The second phase of trials involved 13cities and 7 suppliers and trial LTE TDD networkshave recently been activated in 2 new cities -Hangzhou and Wenzhou in Zhejiang province. ChinaMobile plans to have 200,000 LTE TDD base sitescovering more than 100 cities by end 2013.Commercial service launch is anticipated in 2013-2014 timeframe. China Mobile has 1.9 GHz, 2.0 GHz,2.3 GHz and 2.6 GHz bands (classified as F, A, Eand D bands). Trials use the D and F bands. ChinaMobile will initially procure 1.24 million TD-LTEterminal devices, made up of 800,000 portable Mi-Fihotspots, 320,000 indoor CPE units and 120,000dongles, according to press reports. China Mobileexpects LTE TDD smartphones to be launched in Q32013.During ITU Telecom World, Dubai, October, 2012 itwas announced that Chinas Ministry of Industry andInformation Technology MIIT has decided to allocate2.6GHz (band 41 – as used by Sprint, USA) rangingfrom 2500-2690 MHz i.e. the entire band of 190 MHzfor the deployment and application of LTE TDD. Thisannouncement made at the most authoritativemeeting offered great confidence in the developmentof LTE TDD to the global industry and market.
  • 17. May 10, 201317Evolution to LTE ReportAccording to reports, MIIT also announced in October2012 that 60 MHz in each of the 1800 MHz and 2100MHz bands, i.e. a total of 120 MHz, will be allocatedfor LTE FDD FDD-LTE.China Telecom plans to launch an LTE service,expected in 2013, which will be integrated with CDMAsystems in 17 provinces.LTE deployment timescales of China Unicom, whichis testing FDD, are unclear at this time.In Hong Kong SAR, 2 x 15 MHz blocks of 2.6 GHzspectrum were obtained via auction each by ChinaMobile HK (Peoples Phone), Genius Brand(Hutchison Telecom/PCCW JV) and CSL Limited.On November 25, 2010 CSL Limited commerciallylaunched its combined LTE2600/1800/DC-HSPA+network for corporate services, extended to allcustomers on May 16, 2011. LTE1800 sites havebeen added incrementally. Although the first LTE1800site was on air at the initial launch, now LTE1800 ismore widely available in several in-building locationsand in general commercial use (shown in this reportto be from November 2011 as advised to us by CSL).Genius Brand is deploying a city-wide LTE network ofapproximately 2,000 base stations on whichHutchison and PCCW operate their respectivecommercial LTE services.PCCW launched commercial LTE service in 2.6 GHzspectrum on April 25, 2012. Its Mobile (+Wi-Fi)broadband service “Netvigator Everywhere” issupported by territory-wide 42Mbps DC-HSPA+service integrated with the company’s 100 Mbps Wi-Fi (almost 10,000 hotspots) in an auto-connect/ trafficoff-load arrangement. LTE using 1800 MHz(LTE1800) was brought into commercial service inSeptember 2012. From January 22, LTE coveragewill be expanded to include the major MTR lines (theHong Kong underground train network).Hutchison 3 HK is deploying a combined LTE FDDand TDD network and in the first phase launched itscommercial LTE FDD service using 2.6 GHzspectrum on May 2, 2012. LTE using 1800 MHz(LTE1800) was brought into commercial service inOctober 2012. The LTE TDD mode is expected toenter service in 2013.SmarTone announced commercial LTE1800 launchon August 28, 2012 with service available to selectedcustomers by invitation, then generally available tocustomers on September 11. The company confirmedthat LTE coverage would be available at the first MTRunderground station (at Admiralty) on October 15,2012. Rollout across all MTR stations and adjoiningtunnels is expected to be completed in early 2013.On February 6, 2012 regulator OFCA announced theauction results after 6 bidding rounds for 90 MHz of2.3 GHz spectrum for BWA services, divided into 3 x30 MHz blocks. 30 MHz blocks were won each byHutchison Telephone Company Limited, ChinaMobile Hong Kong Company Limited, and newentrant 21 ViaNet Group Limited.China Mobile HK launched commercial LTE FDDservices in 2.6 GHz on April 25, 2012 andcommercially launched 2.3 GHz LTE TDD inDecember 2012. The world’s first bi-directionalhandover between LTE FDD and TDD on a livenetwork was announced by Ericsson and ChinaMobile HK on June 20, 2012.OFCA is auctioning spectrum in the 2.6 GHz range,offering five blocks of 2 x 5 MHz in the 2515 – 2540MHz and 2635 – 2660 MHz range. The auctioninvolved 5 bidders (China Mobile Hong Kong, ChinaUnicom (Hong Kong), CSL Limited, Genius Brand,and SmarTone), beginning on March 18, 2013 andending on March 19, 29013 after 18 rounds ofbidding. China Unicom failed to gain any spectrum.GuamIT&E announced launch of LTE commercial serviceson June 28, 2012 – initially for business only, using700 MHz, extended to other users in early July 2012as “4G LTE Wireless Data Network for the Home”.DoCoMo Pacific announced launch of LTEcommercial services in 700 MHz on October 4, 2012.iConnect commercially launched LTE service using700 MHz spectrum on March 20, 2013.IndiaThe 2.3 GHz BWA auction began with 11 companiesbidding for 2 blocks in each of the 22 circles. The
  • 18. May 10, 201318Evolution to LTE Reportgovernment had earlier allocated one 20 MHzunpaired spectrum block each to MTNL and BSNL.Tikona Digital Networks won spectrum in 5 circlesand is committed to deploy LTE TDD. Commerciallaunch is expected in 2H 2013.Qualcomm and Bharti Airtel won 4 circles each.Qualcomm gained spectrum in the key circles ofDelhi, Mumbai, Haryana and Kerala, announcedGlobal Holding Corporation and Tulip Telecom asinitial shareholders for its LTE venture for networkdeployment, and started trials. In May 2012 it wasannounced that Bharti Airtel will buy 49% of theQualcomm license (Qualcomm Asia Pacific – QAP),comprising the 26% owned by Global HoldingCorporation and Tulip Telecom, plus a further 23% ofthe company (according to reports, as a first step totaking full ownership in 2014). Bharti Airtel has BWAlicences in four other circles - Kolkata, Karnataka,Punjab and Maharashtra. Bharti Airtel is a member ofthe Global TD-LTE Initiative.On April 10, 2012 Bharti Airtel commerciallylaunched India’s first LTE service (TDD) in Kolkata.Commercial LTE service opened in Bangalore onMay 7, 2012 then Pune on October 18, 2012. Serviceopened in Chandigarh, Mohali and Panchkula inMarch 2013. Airtel is considering expansion to NewDelhi and Mumbai with spectrum acquired from theQualcomm Asia Pacific Indian BWA operation.Aircel won BWA spectrum in eight circles and plansto commercially launch LTE TDD service in 2013,initially in Chennai and Tamilnadu.Infotel Broadband was the only pan-India winner,and was later bought by Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL).Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL) is deploying an LTETDD network for commercial launch in 2013. RILplans to trial VoLTE.BSNL had acquired BWA spectrum licences in the2.6 GHz band in 22 circles for $1.6 billion. BSNL andMTNL are studying introducing LTE TDD possibly inaddition to current WiMAX deployments.Videocon is deploying a commercial LTE1800network in 6 circles targeting service launch 2H 2013.It was announced in March 2013 that SSTL biddingunder the name of MTS had secured new (formerlyCDMA) 800 MHz spectrum and technology neutrallicences in 8 circles following a recent auction. Thecompany is considering deploying LTE at a later date.Regulator TRAI is consulting on 700 MHz spectrumand IMT-Advanced (incl. LTE-Advanced) systems.IndonesiaTelkomsel, XL Axiata, and Indosat have beentrialling LTE and plan to deploy networks. Indosattrialled LTE in 2.6 GHz in 2010 and in October 2011announced completion of an LTE1800 trial in 10 MHzbandwidth in Surabaya and Denpasar in Bali. Indosatplans to deploy LTE in re-farmed 1800 MHzspectrum. Some operators have called for newspectrum in the 700 MHz to be allocated for LTEfollowing an analog to digital TV broadcast migration.CDMA operator Bakrie Telecom plans to introduceLTE following a trial phase.Regulator SDPPI is consulting on the use of 2300 –2360 MHz spectrum (part of Band 40) for BWAservices, which could lead to licences being awarded.PT Indosat Mega Media (IM2), subsidiary of PTIndosat Tbk (ISAT), selected LTE TDD technology in2.3 GHz spectrum won in an auction for a BWAlicense in 2009, planning commercial service in 2013.The government is scheduled to complete regulationsfor 4G introduction including LTE by the end of 2013.JapanNTT DoCoMo launched Japan’s first commercial LTEsystem on December 24, 2010 in 2.1 GHz spectrumunder the “Xi™” brand, in Tokyo, Nagoya and Osaka.DoCoMo aims to cover 98% of population with LTEby March 2015 and is targeting 30 million LTEsubscriptions by this date. DoCoMo announced that 7million LTE subscribers was passed during December2012 i.e. in less than 2 years since LTE servicelaunch and on February 19, 2013 announced that itsLTE customer base had passed 10 million mark,having doubled in the previous 6 months. NTTDoCoMo has also launched LTE in 1.5 GHz (band21) and plans to begin installing APT700 FDD
  • 19. May 10, 201319Evolution to LTE Reportcompatible base stations in readiness for when thisband is allowed for commercial LTE use in 2015.KDDI launched commercial LTE service onSeptember 21, 2012 and continues to operate its 800MHz CDMA network for voice traffic. The LTE servicewas launched in 2.1 GHz spectrum (band 1) to alignwith the LTE band support offered by the iPhone 5,which KDDI also introduced on the same day. Otherphones will use 2.1 GHz later, and 800/1500 MHzspectrum will also be used for deployments in future.eAccess launched commercial LTE service using 1.7GHz on March 15, 2012 (this is band 9, which iswithin LTE1800 band 3. A band 9 device will not workon all band 3 networks). Coverage is scheduled tocover 99% of population of Tokyo, Osaka andNagoya by end June 2012.Softbank Mobile, a member of the Global TD-LTEInitiative, commercially launched XGP/LTE TDDservices on February 24, 2012 via its affiliatedcompany Wireless City Planning which followed apre-commercial pilot service starting on November 1,2011 and which owns the operating license. Thecoverage area includes Sapporo, Saitama, Chiba,Tokyo, Yokohama, Kawasaki, Nagoya, Osaka, Kobe,Fukuoka, Fukuoka City, Kitakyushu City and covers30 cities. The first device offered was the "ULTRAWiFi 4G SoftBank 101SI” portable router. Asmartphone was introduced in October 2012. Thenetwork is deployed in 20 MHz of 2.5 GHz spectrum(band 41) bought from Willcom (PHS operator) andhad 997,200 subscribers as of February 2013. ByOctober 31, 2012 over 17,000 eNodeBs deployed.Softbank Mobile owns licences to operate mobilesystems in 2.1GHz FDD (band 1), 1.5 GHz (band 11)and 900 MHz (band 8), and commercially launchedits LTE FDD service in band 1 on September 21,2012 at the same time as introducing the iPhone 5.The LTE FDD service is considered by GSA to be aseparate network and business from the LTE TDDdeployment mentioned earlier.Softbank Corp. will acquire domestic rival eAccessLtd. through a stock swap deal valued at $2.3 billion,which will provide Softbank not only with moresubscribers, but additional radio spectrum (band 9)which e-Access currently uses for its services.Softbank has announced plans to buy 70% of SprintNextel (USA) for $20.1 billion. The deal requires theapproval of shareholders and regulators, and couldbe completed by mid-2013.Softbank has formed a partnership with Thailandsstate-owned operator TOT, which will focus on jointdevelopment of a 2.3 GHz LTE TDD network usingTOTs allocation of 64 MHz bandwidth. It is likely thatthe LTE network will be used for mobile backhaul forWi-Fi access points and mobile cell sites.NTT DoCoMo, KDDI and eAccess were granted 700MHz spectrum according to the APT700 FDD bandplan in June 2012 for LTE deployments, which can bebrought into use from early 2015. It is understood that1800 MHz spectrum may be allocated for LTEservices in Japan in future.KiribatiTelecom Services Kiribati Ltd (TSKL) is deployinga commercial LTE network using 700 MHz spectrum.LaosOn May 15, 2012 the Ministry of Post andTelecommunication awarded a license to BeelineLao to deploy LTE. Testing is currently underway inVientiane using 1800 MHz and 2.6 GHz spectrum.Coverage will open initially in Vientiane. Commercialservice launch is expected in 2013.Lao Telecommunications Company (LTC) isdeploying an LTE network that is expected to entercommercial service for the public in 2013.MalaysiaRegulator MCMC named 9 recipients of 20 MHz of2.6 GHz spectrum: DiGi, Celcom Axiata, Maxis, UMobile, WiMAX operators Asiaspace, P1, REDtoneInternational, YTL Communications (Yes brand) andPuncak Semangat Sdn Bhd which received 30 MHz.A number of parties have enquired about access to700 MHz, which MCMC is considering. MCMC is alsoconsulting on re-farming 850/900/1800 MHz.Maxis launched the country’s first commercial LTEservice on January 1, 2013 in 2.6 GHz spectrum,initially modem-based, following two years of trials.
  • 20. May 10, 201320Evolution to LTE ReportU Mobile announced on March 15, 2011 plans tolaunch a commercial LTE network in 2.6 GHz.In October 2011 Maxis and U Mobile signed an activeRAN sharing agreement covering LTE.Celcom Axiata commercially launched its LTEservice in the Klang Valley. Customers need to buy adongle and initially get 3 months free access. By Q32013 Celcom palns to have 300 sites live, rising to1,500 sites by 2015.Celcom Axiata and Maxis are reported to bediscussing 900/1800 MHz re-farming.DiGi is upgrading over 5,000 sites, and plans tolaunch LTE in 2.6 GHz in 2013.WiMAX™ operator Packet One Networks P1(Malaysia) is upgrading its 2.3 GHz network with anLTE TDD overlay. P1 says it will focus on LTE TDD in2013. P1 base stations are dual-mode WiMAX™ andLTE TDD capable and by end 2012 had 2,300WiMAX™ sites, 50% are LTE TDD ready. P1 expectsto have 4,000–5,000 LTE TDD sites by 2015.WiMAX™ operator Asiaspace has confirmed its planto launch LTE TDD in 2.3 GHz in 2013.Maxis and REDtone signed an infrastructure andspectrum sharing agreement in July 2012. Bothcompanies plan to launch their LTE services in 2013.MyanmarMobile operator Myanmar Posts andTelecommunications advised GSA that 1800 MHz (20MHz) has recently been standardized for LTE FDDservice and will be trial launched in 2013.NepalNcell approached the Nepal Telecom Authority inOctober 2010 for a license and spectrum for LTE.Shareholder TeliaSonera is keen to proceed ifpermission and spectrum are granted. GSAunderstands that discussions with NTA continue.Nepal Telecom is deploying a 2.3 GHz LTE TDDnetwork following spectrum assignment in 2011.Deployment is scheduled to be completed within 1year of contract sign date (announced Feb 2012). Atcompletion, 58 municipalities and all 3,915 VDCs willbe connected (a VDC is the lower administrative partof its local development ministry). A trial using theFDD mode in 700 MHz spectrum may be undertaken.New ZealandVodafone New Zealand launched the country’s firstLTE commercial service on February 28, 2013 inAuckland, using 1800 MHz spectrum (LTE1800). SixLTE-capable devices were offered at launch. Serviceis scheduled to reach Christchurch (May 2013),Wellington (September 2013) and 15 more cities byend 2013.Telecom New Zealand showcased LTE in Aucklandin 2011, launching trials there and in Wellington onDecember 7, 2012. 700 MHz, 1800 MHz and 2.6 GHzspectrum is being used. The company planscommercial launch in Auckland by October 2013.Kordia is considering an upgrade of its 2.3 GHz ruralmobile network to LTE.Woosh is considering an upgrade of its 2.3 GHz ruralmobile network to LTE. Woosh is a member of theGlobal TD-LTE Initiative.The government has adopted the APT700 FDD bandplan and will auction spectrum in 9 paired 5 MHzblocks in Q3 2013 for use from January 1, 2014.Details about the auction format, rules, andimplementation requirements are in development.Vodafone is trialling APT700 spectrum in the LakeBrunner area of the South Islands West Coast. Thetrial will last until end July 2013.The PhilippinesFollowing a period of limited commercial LTE servicebeginning in Boracay in April 2011 then extended toadditional locations including Cebu and Davao,Smart Communications commercially launchedwider LTE service on August 25, 2012 in MetroManila using 2.1 GHz (band 1). Commercial LTEservice was also launched using 1800 MHz (LTE1800– band 3) on September 5, 2012. To further extendcoverage, 850 MHz spectrum (band 5) was broughtinto use on September 14, 2012. By end April 2013
  • 21. May 10, 201321Evolution to LTE Reportover 1,000 LTE sites were active in over 115 citiesand municipalities. Smart is conducting LTE TDDtechnology trials.Globe Telecom launched commercial LTE1800service under the Tattoo broadband brand onSeptember 28, 2012 in Makati City, with plans toquickly expand to cover Manila, Cebu, Davao andselect regions.Bayan Telecommunications indicated interest todeploy LTE in existing 1800 MHz spectrum.SingaporeM1 launched commercial LTE services in the financialdistrict on June 21, 2011 initially using 2.6 GHz, laterintroducing LTE1800. Nationwide coverage usingdual band was announced on September 15, 2012.StarHub tested LTE in 2.6 GHz and 1800 MHz. AnLTE1800 network in refarmed 1800 MHz wascommercially launched on September 19, 2012 in theCentral Business District (CBD), Changi Airport andSingapore Expo. StarHub plans to trial VoLTE.SingTel launched commercial LTE service onDecember 22, 2011 in 1800 MHz and 2.6 GHzspectrum. Initial service using dongles was in theCentral Business District, and planned to extend tohigh data usage regions. 80% coverage of Singaporeis targeted by 2012, extending to island-wide by early2013. SingTel also trialled LTE overseas with carriersin which it holds stakes i.e. SingTel Optus (Australia),Telkomsel (Indonesia), Globe Telecom (Philippines).SingTel announced in May 2013 the company hadachieved nationwide coverage and upgraded itsnetwork to Cat 4 (peak downlink speed of 150 Mbps).Regulator IDA plans to auction 1800 MHz, 2.3 GHz,and 2.6 GHz spectrum. QMax Communications hasbeen assigned channels in the 2.3 GHz band, and the2.6 GHz band is shared between M1, PacketOne,SingTel Mobile and StarHub for which rights willexpire on June 30, 2015. The1800 MHz spectrum iscurrently assigned to SingTel Mobile, StarHub Mobile,and M1, and will expire on March 31, 2017. IDAseeks to attract new market entrants. For 4G servicesin the 1800 MHz band, IDA plans to allocate 140 MHzi.e. 2 x 70 MHz paired for LTE FDD. For the 2.3 GHzband, 30 MHz will be allocated and will likely be fordeployment of LTE TDD. IDA plans to allocate 150MHz of 2.6 GHz i.e. 2 x 60 MHz paired, and 30 MHzunpaired. IDA said operators that successfully bid forat least 30 MHz of spectrum in the 2.3 GHz and 2.6GHz bands will be required to provide nationwide 4Gsystems and coverage by June 30, 2016 - one yearafter existing licences expire.South KoreaLG U Plus launched LTE service on July 1 2011 in850 MHz (band 5) spectrum and announcednationwide coverage had been reached in April 2012throughout all cities, counties, and towns. Multi-carrierwas commercialized multi-carrier in July 2012 and willbe applied in up to 84 cities by end July 2013 using2.1 GHz spectrum. In addition, the company plans toutilize LTE capacity to efficiently support traffic areasby using Small Cell architecture, including picocells(April 2013) and femtocells (July 2013).Also, the LTE network will deliver LTE and HD voicewithout WCDMA support in Q3 2013. LG U Plus hadearlier launched commercial HD voice (W-AMR)VoLTE service in August 2012. The company willcommercialize LTE-Advanced in Q3 2013, deployingtechnologies such as CoMP, eICIC, eSON, etc.SK Telecom launched commercial LTE service inSeoul on July 1, 2011 in10 MHz in Band 5 (850 MHz).The company brought forward it’s nationwide (84cities) coverage date to April 1, 2012. In December2011 SK Telecom started deploying dual-modefemtocells with LTE and Wi-Fi which, according to theSmall Cell Forum, were the first LTE femtocells on acommercial network. In May 2012 SK Telecomannounced of multi-carrier trials (LTE-Advanced) toallow combining of Band 5 and Band 3 spectrum forLTE. SK Telecom won 20 MHz of 1800 MHzspectrum in the recent auction. Their multi-carrierLTE service was launched on July 1, 2012, extendingacross all of Seoul by end 2012 and to 23 other majorcities by early 2013. SK Telecom says this is theworlds first commercialization of Multi Carrier. SKTelecom confirmed it had 7 million LTE subscribers(December 12, 2012), and ahead of forecast.SK Telecom announced start of international LTEroaming service with Globe Telecom (ThePhilippines) on 1 April 2013, thus adding to its
  • 22. May 10, 201322Evolution to LTE Reportexisting roaming agreements with CSL Limited (HongKong) from June 1, 2012) and SingTel from March 1,2013. SK Telecom has also announced plans tolaunch quad-band LTE devices (850 MHz, 1800 MHz,2.1 GHz and 2.6 GHz) during Q2 2013.SK Telecom launched commercial HD Voice (W-AMR) VoLTE service in August 2012.KT commercially launched LTE services in Seoul onJanuary 3, 2012. LTE is deployed in re-farmed 1800MHz (Band 3) spectrum (LTE1800). KT announcedon April 23, 2012 that LTE coverage is available in 84cities. The company said it could launch VoLTEservice in October 2012. KT was estimated to have3.9 million LTE subscribers by December 2012.Regulator KCC conducted an auction in August 2011of spectrum blocks in 800, 1800 MHz and 2.1 GHzbands. SK Telecom and KT were barred frombidding for 2.1 GHz spectrum. Winners gainimmediate access to the new spectrum except for800 MHz that will be allocated from July 2012. SKTelecom won 20 MHz of 1800 MHz spectrum. KTwon 10 MHz of 800 MHz spectrum. LG U Plus won20 MHz in 2.1 GHz and will deploy LTE in this band.South Korea had more than 20 million LTEsubscriptions by end March 2013 and this figure istargeted to reach 30 million by end 2013.Sri LankaDialog Axiata commercially launched an LTE TDDnetwork in 2.3 GHz (band 40) on December 30, 2012in Colombo. Dialog later acquired 10 MHz of 1800MHz by auction and commercially launched LTE1800on April 2, 2013 in Colombo. The LTE TDD systemcontinues to be developed for fixed wireless services.Mobitel announced on May 6, 2011 completion of anLTE trial and launched commercial LTE1800 serviceon December 31, 2012.Etisalat is deploying a commercial LTE network inanticipation of a license award in 2013.TaiwanOn August 24 2012 the regulator NCC announcedthat spectrum in 700, 900 and 1800 MHz bands,totaling 135 MHz x 2, will be auctioned and licenceswill be technology-neutral. Spectrum will be auctionedin 5 MHz paired blocks. Prospective mobilebroadband operators may need to bid for one or moreblocks in order to achieve the resources required. Alimit may be set on the number of sub 1GHz channelsthat an operator can hold. Further consultation isongoing on the auction rules and license terms. Theauction is expected to be held in December 2013.The APT recommendation for the 700 MHz band(APT/AWF/REP-14, Sep 2010) i.e. APT700 is beingfollowed.Chunghwa Telecom trialled LTE in 2.6 GHz and 700MHz and completed LTE FDD and TDD tests on thehigh-speed rail system using 2.6 GHz. FarEasToneand China Mobile are co-operating on an LTE TDDtrial in Taipei. The National Chiao Tung Universityconducted an LTE TDD trial in 2010. BWA operatorsGlobal Mobile, Tatung, FET and VMAX havetechnology-neutral licences and can apply to deploydifferent technologies, e.g. LTE. WiMAX™ operatorGlobal Mobile has requested approval to amend itslicence to allow a switch to LTE TDD and begantesting. PHS and WiMAX™ operator Fitel trialled LTETDD for a year from July 1, 2011 in Taoyuan, and isexpected to request the NCC to allow migration fromWiMAX to LTE if their trial proves successful.ThailandRegulator NBTC has approved trialling of LTE in 2.3GHz and 1800 MHz.TOT partnered its concession holder AIS to trial 2.3GHz LTE TDD in 20 MHz of its total 64 MHzallocation, using 20 base stations in central Bangkok.Softbank has formed a partnership with Thailandsstate-owned operator TOT, which will focus on jointdevelopment of a 2.3 GHz LTE TDD network usingTOTs allocation of 64 MHz bandwidth. It is likely thatthe LTE network will be used for mobile backhaul forWi-Fi access points and mobile cell sites.The first test phase ran until May 2012. AISsubsidiary Digital Phone Co joined with CATTelecom to test LTE1800 from mid-January 2012 inMaha Sarakham. The trial had 8 sites and ran untilMarch 2012. TOT planned new trials involving up to400 sites using 30 MHz of 2.3 GHz spectrum.
  • 23. May 10, 201323Evolution to LTE ReportTrue Move commercially launched LTE service onMay 8, 2013 using 2100 MHz spectrum.DTAC – rebranded as TriNet, is preparing to launchLTE in refarmed 1800 MHz spectrum (LTE1800).NBTC has tentatively decided on Q3 2014 to re-sell25 MHz of 1800 MHz spectrum due for return whenlicences expire in September 2013. LTE deploymentsin 1800 MHz will be allowed (LTE1800).VietnamRegulator MIC has authorized trials by VNPT, Viettel,FPT Telecom, CMC, VTC, EVN Telecom and Gtel.RusViet Telecom trialled an LTE network in 2010 inHanoi. Viettel said in May 2011 it had started testingan LTE deployment in Hanoi and HCM City, offeringdongle-based services to 240 friendly users.Digital dividend spectrum (700 MHz) will be allocatedafter analog TV switchover to digital; this process isscheduled to begin in 2015 in the big cities.The Vietnam government announced in June 2012that state-owned operators Vinaphone andMobiFone are to merge (subject to approvals).The Authority of Radio Frequency Management isreported as saying that LTE-based licensing of 4Gwill be delayed until 2015 unless there is a significantpick up in the market for high-speed data services.EuropeAbkhazAquafon announced that LTE testing was performedin Suchumi in co-operation with Megafon.AndorraAndorra Telecom plans to deploy LTE in 2013.ArmeniaVivaCell-MTS commercially launched LTE inYerevan on December 28, 2011 in 2.6 GHz spectrum.Orange organized a public demonstration of LTE atthe Orange Flagship Store November 4-5, 2010 andhas committed to deploy a commercial LTE network.ArmenTel (Beeline/Vimpelcom) plans to deploy LTE.AustriaRegulator TKK completed the 2.6 GHz auction onSeptember 20, 2010, raising €39.5m from A1Telekom, Hutchison 3, T-Mobile and Orange. 14paired and 9 unpaired blocks were sold. Licencesrequire at least 25% population coverage by 2013.A1 Telekom commercially launched LTE in Viennaand St. Pölten on November 5, 2010. LTE servicecovers 80% of the population (February 2013).T-Mobile Austria commercially launched LTE serviceusing 2.6 GHz spectrum on July 28, 2011. InSeptember 2012 the company announced that itsLTE network covered 650,000 inhabitants of Vienna,Linz, Graz and Innsbruck, and that more than 4,000towers had been upgraded for LTE. The company isreported to have tested carrier aggregation,combining 2.6 GHz and 1800 MHz spectrum.3 Austria commercially launched LTE FDD service inVienna using 2.6 GHz on November 18, 2011. Thepossibility of also deploying LTE TDD in 2.6 GHz(band 38) is being studied.Orange Austria has tested LTE technology and won2 x 10 MHz of 2.6 GHz spectrum in the 2010 auction.The owner of 3 Austria confirmed in February 2012the intent to acquire Orange Austria. The EuropeanCommission approved the proposed acquisitionsubject to implementing a commitments package tofacilitate entry of new players into the market.Regulator TKK published a preliminary schedule forauctioning 800 MHz, 900 MHz and 1800 MHzspectrum in September 2012. The auction waspostponed because of the merger, and is now re-scheduled to September 2013.AzerbaijanAzercell launched commercial LTE1800 service inthe center of Baku beginning June 19, 2012.
  • 24. May 10, 201324Evolution to LTE ReportAzerfon (Nar Mobile) has deployed its first LTE basestation in Baku.Bakcell is deploying a commercial LTE network.WiMAX™ operator Sazz (Azqtel) has 60 MHz of 3.5GHz spectrum and is studying a possible migration toLTE TDD either in 3.5 GHz or in new bands e.g. 2.6GHz, 2.3 GHz or 700 MHz (not yet allocated to Sazz)BelarusOn April 1, 2012 former WiMAX™ operator Yota Belcommercially launched launched LTE in Minsk,following a test phase beginning December 1, 2011.The Belarus State Commission on Radio Frequenciesissued Yota Bel a licence in December 2008 to use 2x 30 MHz 2.6 GHz spectrum. NOTE: Yota has sinceceased operations in Belarus, and has been removedfrom GSA’s list of commercial LTE network launches.MTS (in co-operation with Beltelcom) and BeST(Life) completed their LTE trials by May 1, 2011.BeST (Life) has been trialling LTE and has 2 x 15MHz in 2.6 GHz for commercial network deployment.450 MHz CDMA operator Belcel (Diallog brand) isdeploying a commercial LTE network. Commercialservice launch is anticipated by Summer 2013.Additional 900 and 1800 MHz spectrum is expectedto be allocated by the regulator in future. DigitalDividend spectrum is anticipated from end 2015.The government has announced plans for testing ofLTE-Advanced in the country this year.BelgiumBelgacom (Proximus) deployed a pilot network inHasselt, Mons, Waver and Haasrode, later extendedto Antwerp, Ghent, Leuven, Liege and Namur.Commercial LTE1800 service was launched onNovember 5, 2012 in 8 cities. 2.6 GHz may be usedlater where more capacity is needed.Mobistar has opened a pilot network in Antwerp andis deploying LTE in 1800 MHz (LTE1800) and 2600MHz for commercial launch in 2013, targetingcoverage for 80% of the population by 2015.Base began trialling LTE in 2011. Telenet trialledLTE in 2010 and in June 2011 acquired 900, 1800,and 2100 MHz which could be used for LTE.b•lite Telecom BVBA (ex- Clearwire Belgium) plansto launch a 3.5 GHz LTE TDD system (band 42).Regulator BIPT auctioned 4G licences for 77 millionEuros, comprising 45 MHz of 2.6 GHz TDD spectrumand 3 x 20 MHz paired blocks in 2.6 GHz for FDDsystems. The auction ended November 28, 2011.New licences run for 15 years from July 1, 2012. LTEFDD spectrum was acquired by the 3 mobileincumbents and TDD spectrum was won by newentrant BUCD (backed by Asian investors) –technology choice is understood to be TD-LTE.BIPT launched a consultation in 2011 on opening 900MHz, 1800 MHz and 2100 MHz for HSPA and LTE.BulgariaSelected M-Tel customers in Sofia, Varna, Rousseand Dobrich customers have been testing itsLTE1800 pilot network free of charge since January2012. The number of cities with LTE coverage isplanned to increase gradually in 2012. Existing 900and 1800 MHz spectrum can be used for LTE sinceJanuary 2012 and LTE1800 is in deployment.On January 6, 2012 VIVACOM confirmed receipt ofpermission from regulator CRC to start LTE testingfor which a network using 1800 MHz was built inSofia for trials up to June 2012. An LTE1800commercial network is now being deployed.CRC stated December 15, 2011 that 3 technology-neutral licences for vacant 1800 MHz spectrum hadbeen granted to Max Telecom (2х 8 MHz), 4G ComEAD (2 х 8 MHz) and Bulsatcom (2 х 5 MHz).Max Telecom has confirmed plans to commerciallylaunch an LTE1800 network in Q3 2013.CRC is preparing to launch an auction of 2.6 GHzspectrum by August 31, 2013.CroatiaT-Hrvatski Telekom commercially launched LTE in10 MHz of 1800 MHz spectrum (LTE1800) on March
  • 25. May 10, 201325Evolution to LTE Report23, 2012 in Zagreb with free mobile data access onits LTE network until October 1, 2012. Osijek, Rijekaand Split are now covered as well as 50% of Zagreb.Commercial LTE service using 800 MHz spectrumwas introduced in December 2012 in Drenovaca,Josipdola, Koprivnice, Otocca, Ozlja and Petrinje.VIPNet demonstrated LTE in 800 MHz in March 2011and launched a trial for 20 consumers on September1 2011 in Novi Zagreb using 800 and 1800 MHzspectrum. VIPNet commercially launched LTE1800service on March 23, 2012 with free mobile dataaccess on its LTE network until end June 2012.Velatel (Novi-net) holds 42 MHz spectrum in 3.5 GHzand is deploying an LTE TDD network since Q2 2012.In late October 2012 regulator HAKOM announcedthe results of the digital dividend (800 MHz band 20)spectrum auction. Three blocks were offered,however VIPNet and T-Hrvatski Telekom were theonly bidders. The total raised from the auction wasabout €40 million, and annual spectrum usage feeswill also apply. VIPNet acquired 2 x 10 MHz of thisspectrum. The winners are required to achievecoverage to at least 50% of the territory in five years.HAKOM has launched a consultation into use of 900and 1800 MHz for mobile broadband, including LTE.Czech RepublicTelefonia O2 commercially launched LTE1800 inJesenice (west district of Prague) on June 19, 2012.Service is being extended to more areas of the city inMay 2013. Brno will be covered in October 2013.T-Mobile announced inauguration in July 2012 of anLTE trial in Pragues Kamyk district with 12 basestations using 20 MHz of 2.6 GHz spectrum. InNovember 2012 the free user trial was extended tothe city of Mlada Boleslav using 20 MHz of 1800 MHzspectrum (LTE1800). T-Mobile is deploying acommercial LTE network for launch in 2013, which inthe first phase will use either current spectrum(refarmed 1800 MHz) or spectrum allocated from theforthcoming auction (see following paragraph).In September 2011, regulator CTU issued terms andconditions for a planned auction of 800, 1800 and2600 MHz. CTU said that the 1800 MHz spectrum isreserved for a possible new entrant. The auctionstarted on November 12, 2012 with 4 bidders (threeincumbents plus PPF Mobile Services) but wascancelled on March 8, 2013 due to “excessively highprices” which was felt could lead to high prices forconsumers. New rules to replay the auction werepresented on April 8 for comment by May 8, 2013.DenmarkRegulator Telestyrelsen concluded an auction of2500-2690 MHz and 2010-2020 MHz spectrum onMay 10, 2010, awarding spectrum to Hi3G DenmarkApS; TDC A/S; Telia Nättjänster Norden AB; andTelenor A/S. On October 12, 2010 Telestyrelsenannounced that Hi3G Denmark had been granted900 and 1800 MHz spectrum, which could be used todeploy 2G, 3G or LTE technologies nationally.Telia launched the country’s first commercial LTEsystem on December 9, 2010 in Copenhagen,Aarhus, Odense and Aalborg in 2.6 GHz (20 MHz).On October 10, 2011 LTE commercial service wasintroduced using 10 MHz of 1800 MHz (LTE1800) asa complement to 2.6 GHz. Tri-band 800/1800/2600MHz LTE dongles and routers are available.Telenor and Telia agreed to merge their 4G/LTE, 3Gand 2G networks into a JV called TT-Netværket P/S.4G sharing will use LTE1800 and LTE800.Telenor has announced plans for the commerciallaunch of its LTE1800 service by end March 2013,covering 192 towns and cities, 75% of the population.TDC launched commercial LTE service on October10, 2011 in Copenhagen, Aarhus, Odense, Aalborg,Esbjerg, Randers, Kolding, Horsens, Vejle, Roskilde.3 Denmark is deploying an LTE FDD networkcombined with 25 MHz of TDD spectrum, andlaunched its commercial LTE FDD service using 1800and 2600 MHz spectrum on September 28, 2012, atthe same time introducing the iPhone 5.TDC and TT-Netværket P/S were awarded 800 MHzspectrum in the auction which closed on June 26,2012. TDC won 2 x 20 MHz and TT-Netværket won 2x 10 MHz. 739.3 million Danish Kr (approx USD124.3million) total was paid for the 5 blocks of spectrum onoffer (four 2 x 5 MHz blocks, one 2 x 10 MHz block).
  • 26. May 10, 201326Evolution to LTE ReportThe licences have coverage requirements, andspectrum may be used from January 1, 2013.EstoniaRegulator TJA awarded LTE licences in 2.6 GHzspectrum to incumbent mobile operators EMT, Elisaand Tele2 plus fixed-line operator Elion Enterprises.TJA announced on December 16, 2011 that EMT,Elisa and Tele2 are permitted to deploy mobilebroadband technologies e.g. LTE in 1800 MHz band.A consultation was simultaneously launched on theprocedures for allocating digital dividend spectrum.EMT launched the first commercial LTE service inEstonia on December 17, 2010 in 2.6 GHz in thecenters of Tallinn, Tartu, Kohila, and at the IT Collegeof Tallinn University of Technology. On December 19,2011 EMT announced start of LTE networkdeployment in 1800 MHz. Commercial service is nowdelivered using LTE1800 as well as 2.6 GHz. EMTexpects to achieve 95% population coverage by end2013. On February 22, 2012 EMT announced thattraffic from LTE subscribers exceeds traffic volumegenerated by GSM subscribers. The LTE networkincluded 118 bases stations at that time, and hadsubsequently increased to 300 by end 2012Tele2 Estonia commercially launched LTE service inTallinn using 1800 MHz and 2.6 GHz spectrum onNovember 27, 2012. Tele2 plans 100% coverage byend 2017. 8.3 MHz of additional 1800 MHz spectrumwas acquired at end 2011.On January 7, 2011 Elisa confirmed receipt of 2.6GHz spectrum. The company commercially launchedits LTE network on February 14, 2013 using mainly1800 MHz (LTE1800), plus 2.6 GHz in urban areas.By early May 2013 the company had activated 550LTE base stations in Estonia. Elisa also plans toacquire 800 MHz spectrum.Finland20-year 2.6 GHz licences were auctioned by regulatorFICORA on 23 November 2009:• Elisa obtained 50 MHz, and launched a pre-commercial trial in Helsinki on June 2, 2010• TeliaSonera acquired five blocks of 2 x 5 MHzand launched an LTE network on June 2, 2010 forpre-commercial use in the city of Turku• DNA obtained 40 MHzFinland was the first country in Europe to allow 1800MHz spectrum to be used for LTE deployments.TeliaSonera launched the first commercial LTEservice in Finland on November 30, 2010 in Turkuand Helsinki, using 2.6 GHz spectrum. LTE1800 wascommercially launched as a complement to 2.6 GHzon August 31, 2011. In November 2012 TeliaSoneraannounced that LTE had been rolled out to 50 cities.Elisa commercially launched a 2.6 GHz LTE networkfor corporate users on December 8, 2010, andannounced its first client. The company launchedLTE2600/LTE1800 service combined with DC-HSPA+ for consumers on November 17, 2011. LTEservice reached 52 cities by early March 2013.DNA Oy launched LTE commercial service onDecember 13, 2011. The company said 4G speedsare created by means of two technologies supportingeach other, LTE and DC-HSPA+. The companymainly uses 1800 MHz spectrum, and uses 2.6 GHzin populated areas where extra capacity is required.DNA is interested to use 800 MHz spectrum when itbecomes available (after auction).FICORA granted test licences from early July 2011for operators wishing to test LTE800 technology ( digital dividend spectrum). The auction of 800MHzspectrum in six 5MHz paired blocks (791 – 812 MHzpaired with 832 – 862 MHz) is scheduled tocommence on January 24, 2013. Licences will have20 years duration.WiMAX™ operator Datame is preparing to introduceLTE and is a member of the Global TD-LTE Initiative.FranceFT/Orange launched a pilot LTE network in Marseillein June 2012. Coverage in Lyon, Lille and Nanteswere added later, with marketing to corporatecustomers beginning on November 22, 2012.Consumer services began in February 2013. Servicewas introduced in Paris in February 2013 and LTE
  • 27. May 10, 201327Evolution to LTE Reportnow covers 14 cities and a part of Paris. Coverage to21 additional regions is to be added in June 2013.SFR launched commercial LTE service on November28, 2012 in Lyon and in Montpellier on December 18,2012 and uses 800 MHz and 2.6 GHz spectrum. TheLa Defense business region of Paris went live inJanuary 2013, and Marseille in March 2013.Bouygues Telecom has trialled LTE1800 in 10 MHzusing 2x2 MIMO at sites in Orléans and has run apilot network in Lyon since June 2012.Regulator ARCEP auctioned 2.6 GHz spectrum andconfirmed the successful bidders and allocations:• Bouygues: 2535-2550 MHz/2655-2670 MHz• Free Mobile: 2550-2570 MHz/2670-2690 MHz• FT/Orange: 2515-2535 MHz/2635-2655 MHz• SFR: 2500-2515 MHz/2620-2635 MHzOn January 17, 2012 ARCEP announced 800 MHzspectrum had been won by Orange, SFR andBouygues Telecom, each receiving 2 x 10 MHz.Bouygues Telecom requested permission fromARCEP to use its existing 1800 MHz for LTE.Approval was given for its use from October 1, 2013subject to specific spectrum disposal conditions.Bouygues Telecom commercially launched LTE in2.6 GHz spectrum on May 6, 2013 in Lyon,Strasbourg, Issy-les-Moulineaux, Vanves, Malakoff,and Toulouse.SFR and Orange can also request permission to usesome or all of their 1800 MHz holdings for LTE.WiMAX™ operator Bollore Telecom plans tointroduce LTE TDD system in band 42 (3.5 GHz) andis a member of the Global TD-LTE Initiative.GermanyA multiband spectrum auction was completed in May2010, covering 360 MHz in 4 bands: 800 MHz (digitaldividend), 1800 MHz, 2.1 GHz, 2.6 GHz. All 4incumbents acquired 2.6 GHz to be used for LTE.Telefonica O2, Vodafone and Deutsche Telekom(but not E Plus) additionally acquired 800 MHzspectrum for LTE. The 800 MHz spectrum raised€3.576 billion, i.e. over 81.5% of the auction’s totalvalue. E Plus is able to use 900 MHz spectrum (inwhich HSPA+ will be deployed) also for LTE if it doesnot cause interference with other mobile networks.E Plus has completed LTE trials in 2.1 GHz, 1800MHz, and 2.6 GHz and LTE TDD 2.6 GHz. E-Plus isa member of the Global TD-LTE Initiative. Since July2011 the E Plus HQ building has LTE1800 trialcoverage and having received re-farming approval inJanuary 2013 the company is now deploying acommercial LTE1800 network.Vodafone launched the first rural LTE mobilebroadband service across Germany on December 1,2010. Vodafone plans to upgrade all base stations toLTE. In March 2013 the company announced thatLTE service reached 65% of the population.Deutsche Telekom (DT) commercially launched its“Call & Surf Comfort via Funk” LTE service in 800MHz on April 5, 2011. In February 2011 the companyannounced plans to launch LTE in 1800 MHz(LTE1800) and 2.6 GHz bands. The “Speedstick LTE”dongle was offered from Q3 2011 supporting LTE in800, 1800 and 2600 MHz bands plus DC-HSPA+,HSPA and WCDMA in 2100 MHz, and EDGE/GPRS.The company commercially launched LTE service inCologne on July 1, 2011 in 1800 MHz (LTE1800).DT has tested an LTE 4×4 MIMO system, capable ofa theoretical 250 Mbps peak download speed.Telefonica O2 commercially launched LTE serviceon July 1, 2011 in rural areas using digital dividend(800 MHz) spectrum, marketing the service as "O2LTE für Zuhause (at home). On July 3, 2012 O2commercially launched mobile LTE service in urbanareas, initially Nuremberg and Dresden, followed byother major cities, including Berlin and Munich onMarch 31, 2013.WiMAX™ operator Deutsche Breitband Dienste(DBD) has a licence with 42 to 70 MHz of 3.5 GHzspectrum nationwide and is planning to deploy LTETDD in its network.Regulator BNetz is consulting on post-2016requirements for channels in the 900 and 1800 MHzbands (GSM assignments expire in December 2016).
  • 28. May 10, 201328Evolution to LTE ReportGeorgiaMagticom is trialling LTE and 1800 MHz is an option.GreeceCosmote has completed LTE testing in 900 and 1800MHz which included a pilot LTE network running at itstechnical and network HQ near Athens. An extendedcell technology trial was completed in 2011. Cosmotelaunched commercial LTE1800 service on November16, 2012 in Athens and Thessaloniki.Vodafone announced launch of commercial LTE1800service on December 17, 2012 in Athens, withThessaloniki soon to follow.Regulator EETT completed an auction of 900 and1800 MHz technology-neutral licences on November14, 2011 to incumbents Cosmote, Vodafone andWind raising 380.5 million Euros. Operators willdeploy LTE in either or both bands. Analogue TVswitchover is planned by 2013. EETT has launched aconsultation on potential granting of technologyneutral licences for 3.4 - 3.8 GHz. Responses wererequired by March 8, 2013.HungaryT-Mobile (MT) commercially launched LTEtechnology-based services in the 1800 MHz band onJanuary 1, 2012 initially covering 10 districts ofBudapest (over 40% of Budapest’s population wascovered). By March 2013, LTE was launched in 70%of settlements of Hungary covering 27.4% of the totalHungarian population outdoor. By that time, 99% ofBudapest’s population was covered outdoor and 83%indoor.Telenor Hungary commercially launched LTEservice on July 5, 2012 using 1800 MHz (LTE1800)under the brand Hipernet 84. Telenor offers 84 Mbpsmaximum nominal download speed in 60 townscovering 700,000 population (July 2012), which wasexpanded to 76 towns by February 2013.IcelandNova commercially launched the country’s first4G/LTE network on April 4, 2013 covering Reykavik.Nova won an auction of 1800 MHz and 800 MHzspectrum for LTE in March 2013, alongside Fjarskipti(Vodafone Iceland) and Simmin.Siminn has announced the name of its selectedinfrastructure supplier for LTE network.New entrant 365 Media won 800 MHz spectrum andplans to cover 99.5% of the population by end 2016.IrelandRegulator ComReg launched the auction process onMay 25, 2012 to cover the 800, 900 and 1800 MHzbands for the period 2013-2030. In total 140 MHz ofpaired spectrum was offered. The results wereannounced on November 15, 2012. Meteor,Telefónica O2 and Vodafone were each awardedblocks in the 800 MHz band. Hutchison 3 Ireland,Meteor, Telefónica and Vodafone were each awardedspectrum in both the 900 MHz and 1800 MHz bands.All 4 operators will deploy commercial LTE networks.Vodafone has announced the first town to becovered will be Kilkenny this Autumn.3 Ireland has selected its infrastructure systemsupplier, targeting service launch in Dublin in Group has about 220 MHz of 3.5 GHzspectrum (bands 42, 43) in all strategic parts of thecountry and is currently operating a WiMAX 802.16enetwork nationally. The company has informed GSAof its intention to upgrade this network to LTE TDD in2013 and is currently conducting trials of LTE.Imagine is a member of the Global TD-LTE Initiative.ComReg is considering the future of the 2.6 GHzband including a review of the operation of existinglicences within this spectrum which are used for theprovision of Pay TV services and MMDS. All MMDSlicences expire on April 18, 2014. ComReg proposesthat the current MMDS licences should be renewedfor 2 years i.e. to April 18, 2016 and that acompetitive process be implemented to award newlicences on a service and technology neutral basis –which could be used e.g. for MMDS or LTE services.
  • 29. May 10, 201329Evolution to LTE ReportItalyItaly’s spectrum auction closed with the fourincumbents TIM, Vodafone Italy, Wind and 3 Italiasubmitting bids totalling over € 3.9 billion. Spectrumwas awarded in 800, 1800 and 2600 MHz bands foruse from end 2011 (1800 MHz), end 2012 (2.6 GHz),and January 2013 (800 MHz).3 Italia is deploying LTE1800 using 15 MHz and in2013 plans to offer multicarrier aggregation allowingLTE1800 and LTE2600 to be used together. 3 Italiahas acquired TDD spectrum (band 38) for futuredeployment. 3 Italia launched a small-scale trial inAcuto on November 6, 2012. Commercial service waslaunched in Milan and Rome in December 2012.Wind obtained spectrum for LTE deployment in 800MHz and 2.6 GHz bands and plans commercial LTEservice launch in all major cities during 2013.Vodafone Italy announced it had secured 60 MHz ofnew spectrum, comprising 2 x 10 MHz in 800 MHz, 2x 5 MHz in 1800 MHz, and 2 x 15 MHz in 2.6 GHz.According to recent press reports, Vodafonecommercially launched LTE1800 service onNovember 6, 2012 in Milan and Rome. By end March2013 their LTE service was available in 21 cities.Telecom Italia (TIM) launched its LTE program in2009 followed by trials. A public users trial waslaunched in Turin February 16-22, 2012. TIM hasspectrum for LTE in 800, 1800 and 2600 MHz bands.Commercial service was launched on November 7,2012 using LTE1800 in Rome, Milan, Turin andNaples. On December 17, 2012 TIM confirmed thatLTE coverage is available in a total of 13 cities. 800MHz could be brought into use from January 2013.WiMAX™ operator AFT-Linkem is licensed in 13regions and plans to introduce 3.5 GHz LTE TDD.JerseyClear Mobitel announced September 17, 2010 it hadreceived a 2.6 GHz LTE test license.KazakhstanAltel (CDMA operator) (JSC Kazakhtelecom and JSCALTEL) commercially launched LTE1800 service inAstana and Almaty on December 25, 2012. 30,000LTE subscriptions were gained by end March 2013.Tele2 has signaled interest in deploying LTE.Kcell plans to deploy a commercial LTE network andon July 29, 2010 announced installation of a basestation in Astana to showcase LTE.On April 26, 2010 Beeline confirmed completion ofLTE tests in 700 MHz, and in October 2010announced launch of an LTE pilot network in Almaty.TeliaSonera acquired the WiMAX™ operations ofAlem Communications including a network in 6 majorcities and 2.6 GHz (band 38) spectrum, which iscompatible for other technologies e.g. LTE TDD.Frequencies to be allocated by the government forLTE include 700/800 MHz, 2.3 GHz and 2.6 GHz.KyrgyzstanSaima Telecom launched commercial 2.6 GHz FDDLTE services in Bishtek on December 9, 2011.According to media reports, the NationalCommunications Agency has allocated spectrum forLTE and WiMAX© deployments to 12 companies:AsiaInfo, Global Telecom Asia, ToTel, Aknet,Kurulush Invest, T-Com, Fraton Plus, Aytel, ForisTelecom, WTT, Saima Telecom and Intranet KG.LatviaLMT launched the country’s first commercialLTE1800 system on May 31, 2011.Bite is deploying a commercial LTE network.Fixed operator Lattelecom is reported to be ready tooffer LTE services, subject to shareholder approvaland carried out tests in 850MHz in 2011. CDMAoperator Triatel tested LTE in 800 MHz.After a day and half of bidding which began January2, 2012 LMT, Tele2, Bite and Baltcom gained new2.6 GHz spectrum, which can be used from January1, 2014. Licences are valid for 15 years. Latvia willalso allocate 800 MHz band 20 digital dividend.
  • 30. May 10, 201330Evolution to LTE ReportLithuaniaRegulator RRT confirmed the result of the 2.6 GHzauction on March 20, 2012. Winners were Omnitel,Tele2 and Bite. Coverage obligations are stipulated.Omnitel commercially launched LTE service on April28, 2011 in Vilnius, Kaunas, Klaipėda, Šiauliai andPanevėžys using 1800 MHz. Omnitel won 2 x 20MHz of 2.6 GHz spectrum in the March 2012 auction.The network has 124 base stations (March 2013).Tele2 won 2 x 20 MHz of 2.6 GHz spectrum in theauction, and launched LTE service in Alytus, Jonava,Marijampole, Mazeikiai and Utena in March 2013.Bite Lithuania is trialling LTE and obtained 2 x 20MHz of 2.6 GHz spectrum in the auction.LuxembourgRegulator Institute Luxembourgeois de Régulation(ILR) has introduced technology neutral licences forP & T, Orange and Tango and granted extra 1800MHz spectrum at the request of the operators, pavingthe way for deploying LTE in 1800 MHz (LTE1800).Tango Luxembourg commercially launched itsLTE1800 network on October 1, 2012 for 60% of thepopulation, increasing to 90% by end 2012.Orange launched its commercial LTE1800 networkon October 29, 2012 with introductory service prices.The Orange LTE network was used during thewedding of Grand Duc Guillaume and CountessStephanie on October 22-23, 2012 to carry imagesfrom broadcaster RTL.P & T is also deploying a commercial LTE network.MacedoniaRegulator AEC is consulting with operators on how tointroduce LTE, and is considering a spectrum auction.VIP mobile has publicly expressed interest inacquiring digital dividend spectrum (800 MHz) for LTEdeployment subject to the terms being attractive.MoldovaOrange Moldova showcased LTE at the first OrangeExpo in September 2011 and deployed a trial networkis deployed in Chișinău. Following receipt of a 2.6GHz license from regulator ANRCETI on November9, 2012 Orange commercially launched LTE serviceon November 20, 2012 in Chișinău.Moldcell launched LTE service for corporatecustomers in newly-acquired 2.6 GHz spectrum onNovember 16, 2012. Commercial service wasextended to all customers on December 24, 2012.CDMA operator InterDnestrCom (IDC) launchedcommercial LTE service in 800 MHz in Trans-Dniester in the capital Tiraspol, connecting its firstcustomer April 21, 2012.ANRCETI offered 4G licences to each of the 3incumbent mobile networks for spectrum in theranges 2500-2690 MHz and 3600-3800 MHz. Eachlicense cost EUR10 million. Any unsold will be offeredvia a beauty contest.ANRCETI also plans a public tender for a license touse 3750-3800 MHz spectrum.MonacoMonaco Telecom has selected its infrastructuresystem supplier and plans commercial service launchby September 2013.MontenegroOn November 8, 2011 Telenor announced start ofLTE trials in Podgorica. Commercial service in 2.6GHz was confirmed on November 8, 2012 in the fourmunicipalities of Podgorica, Bar, Niksic and Cetinje.Velatel (Montenegro Connect) has 40 MHz in 3.5GHz and is now deploying an LTE TDD network.Netherlands2.6 GHz FDD spectrum was auctioned in April 2010and awarded to incumbents KPN, Vodafone, T-Mobile, newcomers Ziggo 4 (an MVNO on KPN’snetwork) and Tele2. TDD spectrum was not bought.Vodafone NL launched commercial LTE service inEindhoven on May 1, 2012.
  • 31. May 10, 201331Evolution to LTE ReportZiggo commercially launched LTE on May 3, 2012for its Internet Plus business customers in Breda, Ossand Zwolle.Tele2 NL commercially launched LTE on May 8,2012 in Amstelveen, Amsterdam, Haarlem, Lelystadand Tilburg.KPN launched commercial LTE in 2.6 GHz on May11, 2012 in The Hague and Utrecht for businessusers. Commercial service was launched inAmsterdam in February 2013 in 800 MHz spectrum.T-Mobile commercially launched LTE on May 11,2012 for business users in Delft, Gorinchem, Leiden,Rotterdam and The Hague. T-Mobile is nowdeploying LTE1800 and plans to cover most of thepopulation by 2H 2014.Regulator OPTA started an auction of 800, 900 and1800 MHz spectrum on October 31, 2012. 2 x 10MHz in the 800 MHz band and 2 x 5 MHz in the 900MHz band was reserved for new entrants. The saleachieved 3.8 billion Euros. KPN, Vodafone and T-Mobile won new spectrum; Ziggo-UPC withdrew.NorwayNorway held Europe’s first 2.6 GHz spectrum auctionin 2007 that was awarded to incumbents TeleNor andTeliaSonera (NetCom); total allocation 2 x 90 MHz.TeliaSonera launched the world’s first LTE networksin Oslo (NetCom) and Sweden using 2.6 GHzspectrum in December 2009. TeliaSonera hasadditionally commercially used refarmed 1800 MHz(LTE1800) in its Norwegian network from Q4 2011.TeleNor deployed its LTE network initially using 2.6GHz. Commercial service launch was confirmed onOctober 10, 2012 for customers in 11 cities andtowns: Oslo, Bergen, Trondheim, Stavanger,Lørenskog, Sandnes, Lillestrøm, Asker, Bærum,Lofthus. Longyearbyen. Fredrikstad, Sarpsborg,Skien, Porsgrunn, Drammen and Kristiansand werecovered by end 2012. LTE1800 is now also used inTromsø. Telenor intends to use 800 MHz later to helpachieve 90% population coverage by 2015.Third operator Mobile Norway/Tele2 is deploying anLTE1800 network and planning commercial servicelaunch initially in Drammen in early 2013.Regulator NPT confirmed that the 790-862 MHzspectrum auction will be held in 2013.PolandThe world’s first LTE1800 network was deployed byAero2 and commercially launched on September 7,2010 by Mobyland and CenterNet. The primarycustomer is Cyfrowy Polsat – an MVNO, wholaunched commercial services on August 30, 2011.(GSA does not categorize MVNOs as “networks” -therefore Cyfrowy Polsat is not included in GSA’s listof commercially launched LTE networks).In November 2009 Aero2, a member of the GlobalTD-LTE Initiative, acquired 50 MHz in Band 38 forLTE TDD. After testing in Aleksandrów Łódzki andŁódź, Aero2 announced launch of their LTE TDDnetwork in May 2011 and start of availability of theirdual LTE network, since Aero2 had already deployedan LTE1800 network as stated above.Polkomtel was acquired on June 30, 2011 bySpartan Capital Holdings, which is indirectlycontrolled by Zygmunt Solorz-Zak, chairman/founderof Cyfrowy Polsat, and who controls Aero2, owner ofMobyland. Polkomtel operates a GSM 900/1800 and3G/2100 network. Polkomtel launched commercialLTE services as an MVNO on November 29, 2011under its Plus brand, utilizing the LTE 1800 andHSPA+900 networks of Aero2 andMobyland/Centernet in 16 major cities, representing22% population coverage.(Note: GSA does not categorize MVNOs as“networks” - therefore Polkomtel is not included inGSA’s list of commercially launched LTE networks).Polkomtel’s own LTE1800 network wascommercially launched in September 2012. Thecompany’s Plus LTE network covers more than 50%of the population (company website, April 2013).Sferia holds 850 MHz spectrum (CDMA band) inwhich LTE is now being deployed as part of their co-operation with NFI Midas for constructing theirexisting LTE network, used by Polkomtel and byMVNO Cyfrowy Polsat. NFI Midas is a private equity
  • 32. May 10, 201332Evolution to LTE Reportfund focused on the telecommunication, media andtechnologies sectors and forms a capital groupcommitted to provision of LTE technology.Six companies including Sferia submitted bids for 5lots of 1800 MHz spectrum auctioned by regulatorUKE (Urząd Komunikacji Elektronicznej). andparticipated in the auction, which ended in mid-February 2013. The winners were Play and T-Mobile, and each plan to launch LTE services in 2H2013. Sferia did not win new spectrum.PTK Centertel (Orange) and P4 (Play) are deployinga shared LTE network and this JV is allowed to bid inthe 2.6 GHz auction. UKE plans to auction 2.6 GHzand 790-862 MHz DD spectrum in 2H 2013.T-Mobile (PTC/ERA) plans to launch LTE in 2013 orin early 2014.WiMAX™ operator Milmex, active in southernPoland, plans to introduce 3.5 GHz LTE TDD in 2014.PortugalRegulator ANACOM announced the results of itsauction on December 12, 2011 after 9 biddingrounds. 800 MHz, 1800 MHz and 2.6 GHz spectrumwas sold to the 3 incumbents. Vodafone alsoacquired 2 x 5 MHz of new 900 MHz spectrum, butanother block was not sold. Spectrum in 450 MHzand 2.1 GHz was not sold.TMN launched commercial LTE service on March 12,2012 in 2.6 GHz. Population coverage exceeded 80%in April 2012 when 800 MHz was brought into use.TMN plans over 90% coverage by end 2012.Vodafone commercially launched LTE service onMarch 12, 2012 in 2.6 GHz and 800 MHz spectrum.LTE1800 was brought into service in October 2012.Optimus launched commercial LTE service on March15, 2012 using 1800 MHz and 2.6 GHz in moredense areas. 800 MHz is used in less dense areas.The company is trialling LTE-Advanced technology.RomaniaOn July 2, 2012 regulator ANCOM published therules for the auction of 800 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHzand 2.6 GHz spectrum for mobile communicationsservices in the 2013-2029 timeframe. The auctiontook place amongst 5 bidders - Orange, Vodafone,Cosmote, RCS & RDS, and 2K Telecom - onSeptember 10, 2012.Orange acquired new spectrum in the 800, 900, 1800and 2.6 GHz bands in the auction. Orange Romaniacommercially launched LTE1800 service onDecember 12, 2012 in Bucharest and holiday resorts.Vodafone also acquired additional 800, 900, 1800and 2.6 GHz spectrum for EUR 228.52 million. OnOctober 31, 2012 Vodafone announced pilotLTE1800 networks had been deployed. CommercialLTE1800 service was launched in 10 cities (Arad,Bacau, Brasov, Bucharest, Cluj, Constanta, Craiova,Iasi, Galati and Timisoara) on November 20, 2012.Cosmote acquired one block in 800 MHz, 2 blocks in900 MHz, 5 blocks in 1800 MHz and 2 blocks in 2.6GHz. Comsote will initially use 1800 MHz and 2.6GHz for LTE and commercially launched LTE1800data service on April 29, 2013 in Bucharest, Otopeni,Ploiesti, Cluj, Iasi, Sinaia, Busteni, and Predeal.RCS & RDS plans to deploy LTE in newly acquired900 MHz spectrum.2K Telecom won 2 blocks of 15 MHz of 2.6 GHzTDD spectrum (band 38) and anticipates servicelaunch in 2014.In October 2012 ANCOM published a draft Decisionproposing to allow use of 900 and 1800 MHz for 4G(including LTE). 4G systems may also be deployed in800 MHz and 2.6 GHz spectrum from 2014.Operators may choose whether to implement newtechnologies in these frequencies, the deploymenttimescale, and the date of commercial service launch.The draft decision is subject to a public consultationbefore becoming effective.RussiaMTS, Vimpelcom, Tele2, MegaFon andRostelecom are committed to deploying LTE. TheRegulator in principle admits that technologyneutrality can be applied to 900/1800MHz spectrum.However, to avoid GSM service quality deterioration if
  • 33. May 10, 201333Evolution to LTE ReportLTE is launched alongside GSM frequencies thistopic was examined further in a study in 2012.On February 2, 2012 MTS announced the companyhad been awarded the first license to provide LTEservices in Moscow and the Moscow region. Thelicense granted is for LTE TDD deployment in the2595 – 2620 MHz range (in band 38) and is valid untilDecember 29, 2016. MTS announced commerciallaunch of its LTE TDD service (replacing its WiMAX™service) on September 1, 2012 initially covering mostof Moscow and 40 population centers in thesurrounding Moscow region. MTS aims for its LTEservices to cover 96% of Moscow and double thenumber of population centers in the Moscow Regionby end 2012.Tele2 Russia has requested permission to deployLTE1800. In October 2011 Tele2 indicated it wouldconduct an independent trial of LTE technology in the1800 MHz band, and applied to the StateCommission for Radio Frequencies (SCRF) forpermission to run tests in Pskov and Omsk, settingaside 5 MHz of spectrum in 1800 MHz for the tests.Tele2 has already provided the results of earlierresearch commissioned by themselves as well asfrom reports by leading global manufacturers oftelecommunication equipment showing that GSM andLTE networks can operate simultaneously in the 1800MHz frequency band. The efficiency of this solutionwas clearly demonstrated by research carried out andpublished in a report by the Global mobile SuppliersAssociation (GSA) – this free report “Embracing the1800MHz opportunity: Driving mobile forward withLTE in the 1800MHz band” may be downloaded byregistered GSA website site users atwww.gsacom.comTele2 Russia announced successful completion oftests by end March 2012 in trial zones in Omsk andPskov. Tests were performed according to a methoddeveloped by the State Radio Institute and with theassistance of its experts, and intended todemonstrate that LTE and GSM technologies canshare the same frequencies without degrading thequality of end user service. Tele2 showed that thetest results confirmed that there was no servicequality degradation in the GSM network, while thedata transmission rate in the LTE network reached 75megabits per second. A detailed report on the LTEtechnology testing in the 1800 MHz band wasprepared by NIIR and submitted to the StateCommission for Radio exited from Russia with the announcement onApril 4, 2013 that the entire business had been soldto Russian bank VTB Group following receipt of FASapproval. VTB purchased 100% of the business forsubsequent resale.MegaFon and Rostelecom, general partners of theSochi 2014 Winter Olympic Games, successfullytested LTE networks close to the key Sochi site ofRoza Khutor. LTE capabilities will be showcasedduring the 2014 Games. The Defence Ministry hasreportedly given Rostelecom approval to deploy LTETDD in 2.3 GHz spectrum. MegaFon showcased LTEat the IX International Investment Forum (Sochi) inSept 2010. Rostelecom has activated LTE sites inKrasnodar and Sochi, as part of trials ahead of theOlympics, with around 100 LTE base stationsexpected to be installed in these areas by end 2013.The trials use digital dividend and 2.6 GHz spectrum.Megafon acquired WiMAX™ operator Synterra in2010, and commercially launched LTE TDD using 2.6GHz (band 38) spectrum in Moscow on September 1,2012. Megafon also has an agreement with Yota andsince 1H 2012 has been operating as an MVNO overYota’s LTE network in Moscow and other cities.In September 2011 SCRF issued an authorization forYota (Scartel) to deploy an LTE FDD network in 2.6GHz spectrum in 180 cities. Yota is shifting fromWiMAX™ to LTE and launched commercial LTE FDDservice in Novosibirsk, Siberia on January 15, 2012following a friendly-launch test phase which began onDecember 20, 2011. Yota launched commercial LTEservice in Moscow on May 10, 2012, Krasnodar (alsoon May 10), and Sochi (May 11) and plans to deploy1,550 LTE-enabled base stations instead of currentWiMAX™ equipment. Service has since beenlaunched in several other locations including Samara(May 23, 2012), Ufa (July 28, 2012), and St.Petersburg (August 31, 2012). Yota expects its wholecustomer base will migrate to LTE within three years.In October 2012 Yota announced that a test LTE-Advanced network had been deployed in Moscow,featuring Carrier Aggregation (Release 10 feature).
  • 34. May 10, 201334Evolution to LTE ReportIn September 2011, VimpelCom announced an LTEnetwork-sharing deal with rival MTS, while MegaFonand Rostelecom signed an agreement with Yota tojointly use operators’ infrastructure. The future of thisdeal is uncertain following the completion of the LTEauction procedure (see below). However it appearsthat discussions involving Yota (Scartel), MTS,Megafon and Vimpelcom have restarted.OJSC Osnova Telecom has a national license for2.3 GHz LTE TDD and has been trialling LTE TDD inmany places including Rostov, Moscow, Yaroslavland Kubinka. The rollout plan has been announcedand may lead to commercial services launching inOctober/November 2013. Services must be launchedby January 26, 2014. Trial services are expected tobegin in May 2013.Vainakh Telecom is deploying a commercial LTETDD network in 2.3 GHz (band 40) in Chechnya andhas installed 180 base stations with plans to deployanother 200 during 2013. Commercial service launch,starting in Grozny, is delayed because of a disputeover local equipment manufacturer certification.Antares Group has deployed 5 LTE base stations fora trial network using 1900 – 1920 MHz (Band 33)spectrum in Moscow intended for further expansionand is targeting commercial launch in 2012.SMARTS Group has deployed a pilot LTE trialnetwork in Ufa. The trial comprises at least 7 basestations and re-uses SMARTS’ existing 1800 MHzspectrum. The trial involved cooperation of the NIIRand the findings were presented to SCRF.WiMAX™ operator Enforta, providing services tobusiness users in 172 cities, plans to launch a testLTE TDD network (3.5 GHz) in Kemerovo.Smoltelecom is planning to introduce LTE and is amember of the Global TD-LTE Initiative.On May 3, 2012 Russian regulator Roskomnadzorpublished the conditions for application for andsubsequent awarding of LTE licences in 791-862MHz spectrum, comprising four lots, each consistingof two 7.5 MHz blocks in the range of 791-862 MHz.Recipients of each of the lots would also be awardedtwo 7.5 MHz blocks in the 720-791 MHz range andtwo 10 MHz blocks in the 2500 – 2690 MHz range. Alllicences are nationwide. Compensation must be paidto existing spectrum users in the offered bands.Eight companies submitted bids to participate in theauction, MegaFon, Vimpelcom, MTS, Rostelecom,Summa Telecom, TTK, Tele2-Voronezh, andTele2-Omsk. LTE licences were granted to MTS,Vimpelcom, Megafon, and Rostelecom with theconditions that the networks must be launched by mid2013, annual investment targets must be met (RUB15 billion), and nationwide coverage by 2019. Eachoperator was granted spectrum in the digital dividendband (720-750 MHz and 761–791 MHz) plus 2,500–2,690 MHz spectrum. Rostelecom has stated itsintention to launch its LTE service in the NorthCaucasus federal district in 2013 and has sinceconfirmed plans to launch in at least 5 regions in2013. Vimpelcom said it will launch LTE in Moscowand 5 other cities in the Fall of 2013 and has receivedapproval to use Rostelecom’s 2.6 GHz LTE network.The number of mobile Internet subscribers withaccess via smartphones grew in Russia by 88% to22.5 million in 2012, according to J’son & PartnersConsulting who also said that the penetration ofmobile Internet access by end 2012 was 55% (40million subs), i.e. 2.4 times the world average.Slovak RepublicRegulator TU SR granted licences to Telefonica O2,Orange and T-Mobile Slovensko for each to trialLTE FDD networks in 2.6 GHz in Banská Bystrica.Telefonica O2 commercially launched LTE serviceson August 2, 2012 using LTE1800.Orange Slovensko committed to commercial LTEdeployment. In early 2013 Orange returned itsCDMA licence to the regulator due to lower thanexpected demand for CDMA-based services.TU SR is preparing to auction spectrum for LTE usein 800 MHz, 1800 MHz and 2.6 GHz bands in 2013.SloveniaSi.mobil announced commercial launch of LTEservice on July 12, 2012 in Ljubljana, Brnik, and Bledusing 1800 MHz spectrum (LTE1800).Telekom Slovenije launched its LTE network underthe name of Mobitel LTE/4G on March 20, 2013 inrefarmed 1800 MHz spectrum. The commercial
  • 35. May 10, 201335Evolution to LTE ReportLTE1800 network launch followed extensive testingwith different vendors during 2011 and 2012 in 1800MHz and 800 MHz spectrum. Subscribers can usethe service with no additional cost until end of 2013.Mobitel LTE/4G is available in 27 bigger cities (40%of the population). The LTE network runs togetherwith its UMTS network, which has continuously beenupgraded and which has supported 42 Mbps DC-HSPA+ since 2011.Regulator APEK has authorized test spectrum forLTE in the 700 MHz band (746-756MHz / 777-787MHz) to a company called Neuron for tests betweenOctober 9, 2012 and January 9, 2013 in Ljubljana.800 MHz digital dividend spectrum will be allocatedfor LTE. APEK plans to publish a call for bids in 2013.APEK plans to auction additional spectrum in the1800 MHz and 2.1 GHz bands by June 1, 2013 andrequested applications by April 15, 2013. Theapplicants include Telekom Slovenije, Si.Mobil andTusmobil. A total of 2 x 39.8 MHz of spectrum in 1800MHz plus 2 x 10 MHz and 1 x 5 MHz block in 2100MHz will be offered, to enable earliest launch of LTE.SpainAn auction began on June 29, 2011 for 58 blocks of800, 900 MHz and 2.6 GHz frequencies, with licencesvalid to 2030. The auction ended on July 29, 2011raising €1.65bn for 800 MHz and 2.6 GHz licences.Spectrum was won by Vodafone, Telefónica andFT-Orange. 800 MHz channels can be used from2014 after digital TV switchover. 2.6 GHz can beused now. Vodafone plans to use both bands forLTE, and re-farm 900 MHz for additional rural HSPAor LTE-based coverage.Telefónica has commercial pilot networks in Madridand Barcelona. Vodafone announced in September2011 opening of pre-commercial LTE pilot networksin Madrid, Barcelona and Malaga. Orangeannounced plans for commercial rollout of LTE inValencia and Barcelona where pilot networks arerunning. Yoigo acquired 1800 MHz spectrum in 2011for LTE1800 and plans to commercially launchservice in July 2013 in Madrid, then targeting 37%population coverage by end 2013; 75% by end 2014.ONO, JazzTel, Euskaltel, R, Telecable andTelecomCLM won regional 2.6 GHz licences.Regional start-up COTA trialled LTE TDD in Regiónde Murcia and is deploying a commercial 2.6 GHzTDD network.WiMAX™ operator Neo-Sky is studying theintroduction of a 3.5 GHz LTE TDD system.Cable operator R (R Cable y TelecomunicacionesGalicia) is conducting LTE technology trials in 2.6GHz in FDD and TDD modes, in 3 areas of Galicia.SwedenTeliaSonera launched the world’s first LTE networksin Stockholm and Norway (Oslo) in December 2009.An 800/1800/2600 MHz multimode modem wasintroduced July 2011. By end 2012 almost 700 citiesin Sweden are served. Coverage will double by end2013. On October 1, 2012 TeliaSonera was the firstLTE operator in Europe to offer an LTE Cat4 modem.Tele2 Sweden and TeleNor Sweden deployed anLTE network through a jointly-owned company(Net4Mobility), which includes spectrum sharing in900 MHz and 2.6 GHz. Using this network, Tele2Sweden and TeleNor Sweden commerciallylaunched LTE services to their respective customerson November 15, 2010, initially in Stockholm,Gothenburg, Malmo and Karlskrona. In May 2012Tele2 Sweden and Telenor Sweden announced jointtrials of an LTE-Advanced network.Hutchison 3 is deploying an LTE FDD network andalso using 50 MHz of TDD spectrum bought fromIntel. Network technical readiness was announced byits infrastructure vendor on December 15, 2011.Commercial LTE service was launched April 23, 2012according to information provided by the operator toGSA. LTE is currently offered in Stockholm,Gothenburg, Malmo and Lund. The LTE network usesTDD in 2.6 GHz and FDD in 2.6 GHz and 800 MHz.Customers may also use 3G/HSPA up to 42 Mbps(peak DL) in 2.1 GHz and 900 MHz bands.An auction for 800 MHz opened on February 28,2011 and ended after 5 days and 31 rounds. All thewinners will use this spectrum for LTE.An auction for 2 x 35 MHz of 1800 MHz spectrum, foruse from January 2013, began on October 11, 2011.The new licences are valid for 25 years from 2013.
  • 36. May 10, 201336Evolution to LTE ReportTeliaSonera acquired more nationwide frequenciesin the 1800 MHz band. The new frequencies arebeing used in their LTE network and for strengtheningthe mobile telephony network. In addition to itsexisting 10 MHz, TeliaSonera acquired 2 x 25 MHz of1800 MHz spectrum.Net4Mobility also acquired more 1800 MHzspectrum for LTE1800. It means Net4Mobility andTeliaSonera each has 2 x 35 MHz in 1800 MHz.A consultation has started to determine interest/futureuse of 2.3 GHz (Band 40).SwitzerlandOrange is preparing to introduce LTE service.Demonstrations were held in Orange Centers invarious cities this year. Commercial LTE1800 serviceis planned to be launched in 10 cities on June 1, 2013Swisscom commercially launched LTE service onNovember 29, 2012 in 26 towns and cities and isplanning for 70% population coverage by end 2013(35% confirmed at end March 2013). The networkuses spectrum in 800, 1800, and 2600 MHz bands.Sunrise is launching pilot LTE systems in Zurich andZug and in the winter sports locations of Flims, St.Moritz, Saas Fee, Verbier, and Zermatt. Fullcommercial service rollout is scheduled for 2013.Regulator ComCom announced on February 23,2012 the results of its auction which re-allocatedfrequencies used for licences which were due toexpire, as well as the issue of new spectrum.TajikistanBabilon-Mobile commercially launched LTE servicein Dushanbe on October 6, 2012 using 1800 MHz(LTE1800) and 2100 MHz spectrum and initially theHuawei E398 USB dongle was offered.TurkeyTurkcell has trialled LTE. In stationary tests downlinkspeeds up to 170 Mbps were achieed. On April 6,2012 Turkcell announced results of its mobile LTEtrial in an area between Kartal and Maltepe (Istanbul). operator Avea announced on September15, 2011 a successful trial of LTE on its commercialbase stations.Vodafone has trialled LTE and has GSM/HSPAinfrastructure which is also LTE-capable.There is no firm date for an LTE spectrum auction.UkraineMTS-Ukraine is trialling LTE.ITC (CDMA Ukraine) is considering deploying LTE in850 MHz spectrum.United KingdomUK Broadband is deploying LTE TDD and onFebruary 29, 2012 announced switch-on of its firstsystem in London. This was the world’s first LTE TDD3.5GHz deployment and the first commercial LTEdeployment in the UK, and uses allocations within thecompany’s 124 MHz of spectrum in Bands 42 and 43(3.5/3.6GHz). UK Broadband operates a wholesalemodel and launched commercial services on June 28,2012. LTE service is now available for consumersand businesses in Reading, Scunthorpe, Southwark(London), and Swindon. Indoor and outdoor CPEsare available in this band. Portable hotspots andsmartphones will be introduced in 2013.O2 has tested LTE in 2.6 GHz spectrum and trialledLTE800 in Carlisle in 2010. In November 2011 thecompany started a large-scale LTE trial in centralLondon, lasting until summer 2012, using 20 MHz oftest spectrum in the 2.6 GHz band. The trial ranacross 25 LTE cell sites and covered 40 sq. km.Following the UK spectrum auction O2 hasannounced its supplier for its commercial network.Manx Telecom (Isle of Man) plans to trial LTE with aview to possible commercial services launch in 2013.Arqiva trialled LTE in Wales using 800 MHz but didnot secure spectrum for a public LTE service.
  • 37. May 10, 201337Evolution to LTE ReportEE - owner of the Orange and T-Mobile UK brands,launched commercial LTE1800 service in 11 cities(Bristol, Birmingham, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Glasgow,Leeds, Liverpool, London, Manchester, Sheffield andSouthampton) on October 30, 2012. EE is targeting65 towns and cities served by June 2013 and 98%population coverage by end 2014. 318,000 LTE1800subscriptions were gained by March 31, 2013. Thecompany has announced it will double the spectrumassigned for LTE services this year from 10 to 20MHZ. Also, LTE-Advanced feature CarrierAggregation will be trialled before the end of this year.The 800 MHz and 2.6 GHz auction of 250 MHz ofLTE spectrum by Ofcom was repeatedly delayed.Bidding by 7 companies opened on January 23,2013. On February 20, 2013 Ofcom announced thewinning bidders who collectively paid £2.34 billion:• EE (800 MHz, 2.6 GHz FDD)• Hutchison 3G UK Limited (800 MHz)• Niche Spectrum Ventures (BT) (2.6 GHz FDD& TDD)• Telefónica UK Limited (800 MHz)• Vodafone (800 MHz, 2.6 GHz FDD & TDD)HKT (UK) and MLL Telecom did not win spectrum.Results on the Ofcom website: and Vodafone are expected to launch LTEcommercial services in Q2 2013.3 UK is deploying a commercial LTE network and hasagreed to buy 2 x 15 MHz of 1800 MHz spectrumfrom EE, and plans commercial launch in 2H 2013.Ofcom has authorized all five mobile operators totrade the rights to the radio spectrum they hold,covering 900 MHz, 1800 MHz and 2100 MHz.Ofcom has opened a consultation on use of 700 MHzspectrum for mobile broadband, following theResolution passed at WRC 2012 that could lead toITU Region 1 i.e. Europe, Africa, Middle Eastadopting 700 MHz for mobile broadband from 2015.UzbekistanMTS announced on July 28, 2010 commercial launchof its LTE network in Tashkent and plannedsignificant coverage expansion. However the networkwas shut down in September 2012 and the companyis officially declared as being bankrupt.Ucell (TeliaSonera) announced commercial LTEnetwork launch (pre-commercial service) in Tashkenton August 9, 2010.Beeline Uzbekistan announced its LTE network inTashkent entered into a test phase in February 2012.Middle East and AfricaAngolaMovicel launched commercial LTE1800 service inCabinda on April 14, 2012 and is extending networkcoverage areas with Luanda now covered.Unitel launched commercial LTE service onDecember 16, 2012 in Luanda.BahrainZain commercially launched LTE service on April 18,2013.VIVA launched a small-scale commercial LTEnetwork on January 1, 2012 in the ‘Bahrain CityCentre’ retail and leisure complex in Manama.Batelco announced an LTE trial in Hamala inDecember 2011, and showcased VoD over LTEduring the International Air Show 2012. Commercialservice launch using 1800 MHz spectrum (LTE1800)was opened on February 27, 2013.WiMAX™ operator Menatelecom is deploying anationwide 3.5 GHz LTE TDD network, targetingcommercial service by June or July 2013.Regulator TRA planned to auction additional radiospectrum in the 900, 1800, 2100 MHz and 2.6 GHzbands on March 31, 2013. However the start wasdelayed due to legal disputes.BotswanaMascom Wireless announced on June 12, 2012 thesetting up of an LTE pilot trial network.
  • 38. May 10, 201338Evolution to LTE ReportDemocrat Republic of CongoSmile is deploying a commercial LTE network.Equatorial Guinea700 MHz WiMAX™ operator Guineanet is planning tomigrate to LTE.EgyptVodafone, Mobinil and Etisalat Misr have eachtrialled LTE.Etisalat Misr is currently waiting for responses to itscontract tender documents.Vodafone has signed its infrastructure vendor todeploy a commercial LTE network.EthiopiaEthio-Telecom is upgrading its 3G system to 4G/LTEGhanaGlo Mobile announced planned start of commercialoperations on January 19, 2012. Parent Globacomplanned to invest c. $600 million to deploy a ‘unique,seamless and world class LTE network’. It is unclearto GSA if commercial service launch is achieved.The National Information Technology Agency (NITA)is upgrading its WiMAX™ network to LTE.Ghana aims to transition from analog to digital TV byend 2014.The regulator permits current spectrum to berefarmed for latest technologies such as LTE.IraqMaxyTel is a member of the Global TD-LTE Initiativeand committed to deploying an LTE TDD network.Regional Telecom (Northern Iraq) has selected itsinfrastructure system supplier to build a commercialLTE network.IsraelCellcom awarded LTE system upgrade contracts to 2suppliers, one each for the north and south.New spectrum allocations for operators wishing todeploy LTE are awaited/expected in 2013. Theregulator may allocate 1800 MHz for LTE accordingto reports.JordanZain Jordan is deploying a commercial LTE network.Umniah Telecommunications recently completedLTE trials.Regulator TRC has announced a proposed auction ofspectrum in the 1800 MHz, 2100 MHz, 2.3 GHz and2.6 GHz bands. Expressions of interest are requiredby 17 January 2013. All bands may be used for LTEexcept the 2100 MHz spectrum.KenyaSafaricom has trialled LTE in existing 3G spectrum.GSM operator Essar Telecom (Yu) is consideringby-passing 3G by going straight to LTE, subject toshareholder funds being available.The government favors a single LTE network withPrivate Public Partnership ownership.KuwaitThe Minister of Communications announced inOctober 2012 that all mobile operators (Zain, Vivaand Wataniya Telecom) have been granted licencesto deploy LTE in re-farmed 1800 MHz spectrumsubject to payment of a KD 250,000 fee.Viva Kuwait commercially launched LTE services onDecember 27, 2011 using 1800 MHz spectrum. OnMarch 14, 2013 LTE service was extended to allcustomers, new and existing, without additional fees.Zain Kuwait launched nationwide commercial LTEservice in 1800 MHz spectrum (LTE1800) onNovember 21, 2012.
  • 39. May 10, 201339Evolution to LTE ReportWataniya Telecom has announced its infrastructuresupplier and commercial LTE1800 service launch isexpected in 1H 2013.LebanonMTC Touch activated the country’s first LTE basestation in November 2012 in Adliya district of Beirut,and plans a pilot trial phase. Commercial LTE serviceis anticipated in April 2013 in Beirut with 70 basestations using 800 MHz and 1800 MHz spectrum. Acarrier aggregation trial using 800/1800 MHzspectrum was successfully completed in April 2013.Alfa is deploying an LTE800 network (band 20) andusing 2.6 GHz and announced lab test results inNovember 2012. A pilot trial network comprising 20base stations has been deployed ahead ofcommercial service launch planned for 2013.LibyaAl Madar plans to deploy an LTE network.MadagascarWiMAX™ BWA operator Blueline is deploying acommercial LTE TDD system (2.3 GHz).MauritiusOrange Mauritius commercially launched LTE1800on June 21, 2012 in parts of Port Luis.Emtel soft-launched its LTE1800 network on May 29,2012, and commercially launched at end July 2012.MoroccoRegulator ANRT is preparing for a spectrum auctionfor LTE implying commercial systems could launch byend 2013 or early 2014.Inwi is preparing to launch LTE service.NamibiaOn 30 March 2012 the Communications RegulatoryAuthority of Namibia (CRAN) converted operatinglicences owned by MTC, AfricaOnline and WTN toincorporate technology and service neutrality.MTC launched commercial LTE service on May 16,2012 in Windhoek in 1800 MHz (LTE1800) and plansto cover 45% of the population with LTE within 12months. MTC reported that LTE is already carrying34% of total data traffic on the network (March 2013)Telecom Namibia acquired Leo and is deploying aunified 2G/3G/4G-LTE network.NigeriaGlobacom provides LTE-connectivity to a 3rd partycompany providing wireless backhaul services tocorporate users in Lagos and other cities. Globacomplans to launch LTE for mobile users in future.Zoda Fones is deploying a commercial LTE TDDnetwork in 2.6 GHz (band 38).CDMA operator Starcomms is studying deploymentof LTE. A proposal is in development to mergeStarcomms, Multilinks and MTS First Wireless to formCAPCOM. This new company would seek to refarm20 MHz of spectrum in the 1900 MHz band to allow itto become the first national LTE broadband operator.In December 2012 Airtel Nigeria announcedsuccessful completion of an LTE trial in Lagos.In April 2012 CDMA operator VisafoneCommunications outlined a 3-year developmentroadmap including investment in LTE “as soon as theinfrastructure and other resources are available.”OmanOmantel is a member of the Global TD-LTE Initiative(GTI) and launched commercial LTE TDD service onJuly 16, 2012 in band 40 (2.3 GHz). Recently theregulator granted access to 1800 MHz spectrum forLTE FDD deployments and Omantel commerciallylaunched LTE1800 service on December 30, 2012.Nawras showcased LTE in March 2012 and begandeploying a 2.3 GHz LTE TDD network.Subsequently the regulator granted access to 1800MHz spectrum. Nawras commercially launchedLTE1800 service in Muscat, on February 17, 2013.
  • 40. May 10, 201340Evolution to LTE ReportQatarOn December 7, 2010 Vodafone announced a livedemonstration of LTE in 800 MHz spectrum.Ooredoo (Qtel’s new identity) commercially launchedLTE service launch on April 16, 2013 in Doha and theSealine tourist district using 800 MHz and 2.6 GHzspectrum. The initial service is for users with donglesand portable hotspots.RwandaKT Corp (South Korea) is reported to have agreedwith the Rwandan government to create a JV that willbuild a nationwide wholesale LTE network.Saudi ArabiaEtisalat (Mobily) commercially launched LTE TDDon September 14, 2011 via its Bayanat subsidiary, inNajran, Jazan, Al Kharj, Ras tanoura, Algurayat andAldudam in band 38 (2.6 GHz). After 2 weeks theservice had been extended to 31 cities.STC commercially launched LTE TDD service inRiyadh and Dammam on September 14, 2011 inband 40 (2.3 GHz). LTE is supported on over 2,500sites (end 2012). Commercial LTE FDD service usingLTE1800 was introduced in February 2013.Zain launched commercial LTE1800 service inRiyadh, Jeddah, Dammam on September 14, 2011,planning expansion to all major cities by end 2012.South AfricaVodacom commercially launched LTE1800 serviceon October 10, 2012 with 70 base stations inJohannesburg. Vodacom activated 600+ LTE sites byMarch 2013 with another 400 planned by end 2013.MTN commercially launched LTE1800 with 500 sitesin Durban, Johannesburg, and Pretoria on December1, 2012.Telkom Mobile (formerly 8ta) has 70 MHz of 2.3 GHzTDD spectrum (band 40). A free user trial ran inGuateng from November 1, 2012 to March 31, 2013.LTE TDD service was commercially launchedalongside new data tariffs on April 21, 2013. Thecompany also will use re-farmed 1800 MHz(LTE1800) in future.Cell C is deploying LTE in 2.1 GHz. On December19, 2012 a commercial trial for selected heavy datausers started in Cape Town, Durban, Johannesburgand Pretoria. A limited pre-paid commercial offer forup to 800 customers was also announced. Thecompany plans to deploy 1,000 LTE base sites byend 2013.CDMA operator Neotel is trialling LTE in Midrand inown 800 MHz. Neotel also owns 3.5 GHz spectrum.Wireless Business Solutions (WBS), holdinginterests in iBurst and Broadlink, plans to deploy LTE.iBurst has 1800 MHz and 2.6 GHz spectrum.The Communications Ministry is said to be near thepoint where spectrum for LTE could be allocated. 800MHz spectrum would become available in 2015, while2.6 GHz could be brought into use immediately.TanzaniaFollowing a pilot test phase in April 2012, Smileannounced on May 30, 2012 commercial LTE servicelaunch in 800 MHz (band 20) in Dar es Salaam andplans nationwide coverage within one year.Vodacom announced in January 2013 completion ofan LTE1800 trial in Dar es Salaam. Vodacom isdeploying a commercial LTE network and plans touse 800 MHz and 1800 MHz spectrum.Telesis Tanzania, a mobile virtual networkaggregator (MVNA) supporting a number of MVNOs,is deploying its own LTE network in digital dividendspectrum and announced its infrastructure supplier.The network is planned to cover Dar es Salaam andMtwara by October 2013, followed by national roll out.TunisiaTunisiana is upgrading its network to 3G and LTE.UAERegulator TRA has informed operators that 2.6 GHzis available. TRA is studying and planning use offrequency ranges 694-790 MHz and 790-862 MHz.
  • 41. May 10, 201341Evolution to LTE ReportEtisalat launched commercial LTE service onSeptember 25, 2011. LTE USB modems were widelyintroduced in retail outlets on December 18, 2011.Etisalat uses 2.6 GHz indoors and 1800 MHzoutdoors in urban and suburban areas and is seeking800 MHz for nationwide reach. Coverage includesmajor cities representing 80% population coverage,targeting 99% by 2015. Tablets and smartphoneswere offered in Q3 2012. VoLTE is planned.Du commercially launched LTE1800 on June 12,2012 and plans 90% population coverage by 2014.UgandaSmile launched commercial LTE service in Kampalain October 2012 using 800 MHz (band 20).MTN commercially launched its LTE network on April25, 2013 in greater Kampala, with other towns tofollow in the very near future.ZambiaMassnet is deploying a commercial LTE FDDnetwork and has selected its system supplier. Zamtelplans to deploy an LTE network and is awaiting aspectrum allocation.ZimbabweWiMAX™ operator Aqiva Wireless is planning todeploy an LTE network.VoLTE global statusLTE systems are all-IP, and optimized for datatransfer. LTE does not include any circuit switchedcapability as is used on previous technologies forvoice and SMS services. Since voice and SMSgenerate in the region of 60-70% of operatorrevenues globally, voice service is needed on LTEnetworks.Voice service has moved up the agenda for manyLTE operators in 2013 as network coverage hasimproved (nationwide in many cases) and as thepenetration and usage of LTE-capable smartphoneshas increased.With the VoLTE solution (Voice over LTE - GSMAspecification VoLTE IR.92, based on 3GPPstandards), subscribers can use HD voice and otherricher communication services using their LTEsmartphones. VoLTE aims to provide a voice servicethat is at least as reliable as on current cellularsystems, over an all-IP network in a shared resourceenvironment. An operator needs an IMS (IPMultimedia System) core network and the LTE radioaccess network and Evolved Packet Core must alsosupport VoLTE, which is usually achieved by softwareupgrade. The first wave of VoLTE service launcheswhich include HD voice (W-AMR) has begun - seeTable below. Many operators have committed toVoLTE deployments or trials in 2013-2014 including:Country Operator VoLTE statusSouth Korea SK Telecom LaunchedSouth Korea LG U+ LaunchedAustria T Mobile TriallingCanada Sasktel In deploymentChina China Mobile TriallingGermany E Plus PlannedHong Kong CSL TriallingIndia RIL Trial plannedJapan NTT DoCoMo PlannedSingapore StarHub Trial plannedSlovenia Telekom Slovenije In deploymentSouth Korea KT In deploymentSweden Tele2 In deploymentUAE Etisalat In deploymentUSA AT&T In deploymentUSA C-Spire In deploymentUSA Clearwire In deploymentUSA MetroPCS In deploymentUSA US Cellular In deploymentUSA Sprint In deploymentUSA Verizon Wireless In deploymentVoLTE commitments and deployment status© GSA – Global mobile Suppliers AssociationSource: GSA Mobile HD Voice: Global Update reportwww.gsacom.comIn the first phase of voice evolution voice calls arehandled in a circuit switched network by using CSFB(circuit switched fall back). The LTE data connection“falls back” to a legacy 2G/3G voice networkconnection prior to initiation of a voice call. Thissolution is favoured by many LTE operators, whileVoLTE is the eventual goal. Some LTE operators willlaunch voice by going to VoLTE in one step.
  • 42. May 10, 201342Evolution to LTE ReportLTE TDD: Global network commitments,trials, deployments, commercial launchesLTE is the single global 3GPP standard thataddresses paired FDD and unpaired TDD spectrum.The TDD mode is an integral part of the LTEstandard, implementing a maximum of commonalitieswith the FDD mode, delivering comparableperformance and similar high spectral efficiency, andbenefiting from global economies of scale with a shorttime to market. LTE TDD provides an excellentevolution path for WiMAX™ operators. LTE TDDmode is complementary to the FDD mode and is theperfect choice for providing high speed, low latencymobile broadband access in unpaired spectrum. LTETDD also provides a future-proof evolution path forTD-SCDMA, another 3GPP standard, which is widelydeployed in China.While most LTE system deployments use pairedspectrum (FDD), interest in the LTE TDD mode isstrengthening and global. 16 LTE TDD systems arenow commercially launched, including 6 that aredeployed in combined LTE FDD and TDD operations:Country Operator TDD bandAustralia NBN Co. Band 40Brazil On Telecomunicacoes Band 38Brazil Sky Brazil Services Band 38Hong Kong CMHK FDD & TDD Band 38India Bharti Airtel Band 40Japan Softbank XGP/LTE TDD Band 41Oman Omantel FDD & TDD Band 40Poland Aero2 FDD & TDD Band 38Russia Megafon in Moscow Band 38Russia MTS in Moscow Band 38S. Arabia Mobily Band 38S. Arabia STC FDD and TDD Band 40S. Africa Telkom Mobile (8ta) Band 40Sri Lanka Dialog Axiata FDD & TDD Band 40Sweden 3 Sweden FDD & TDD Band 38UK UK Broadband Band 42,43Many more operators are deploying commercial LTETDD systems, or are engaged in trials and studies.Join the LTE TDD LINKEDIN group:1500+ Members TDD User Devices EcosystemGSA regularly updates the contents of its GAMBoDdatabase of LTE user devices that have beenofficially announced by manufacturers, and the mainfindings are published in GSA’s Status of the LTEEcosystem report. The report published on March 27,2013 confirmed 821 products (including operator andfrequency variants) announced by 97 manufacturers.474 new LTE products were announced in the pastyear. FDD and TDD (TD-LTE) devices are included.Multi-band, multi-mode LTE-TDD dongles and CPEsare commercially available from all major chipset anddevice manufacturers.166 devices can operate using the LTE TDD mode,with band 38 (2.6 GHz) and band 40 (2.3 GHz)having the largest number. LTE TDD devices areavailable in all form factors including smartphones,dongles, routers, portable hotspots, embeddedmodules, and mobile tablets. In the report GSA callson semiconductor and device manufacturers tosupport the many operators who are deploying orplanning LTE TDD systems in globally available 3.5GHz spectrum (bands 42, 43) to ensure a goodchoice and timely availability of user devices.Detailed device analysis is possible using GSA’sGAMBoD tool (access restrictions apply – subscribe as an Associate of more information on worldwide LTE TDD operatorcommitments, launches, deployments and thedevices ecosystem see this GSA report:“Status of the Global LTE TDD Market”Free download for GSA registered site users via thelink on www.gsacom.comLTE TDD related charts and maps are also available.RECOMMENDED WHITE PAPER“LTE in the 3500 MHz band”Download via the link on www.gsacom.comJoin the LTE User Devices LinkedIN Group
  • 43. May 10, 201343Evolution to LTE ReportLTE1800: LTE deployments in 1800 MHz bandLTE network deployment in 1800 MHz is a majortrend in many markets. The motivations are clear:• Coverage area approx. 2 times compared todeploying in 2.6 GHz band• Possibility to re-use assets including antennacables of GSM1800 or WCDMA-HSPA2100• Possibility to deploy multi-RAN withsimultaneous LTE and GSM capabilities• 1800 MHz band widely available throughoutEurope, APAC, MEA, regions of SouthAmerica – thus having the potential to be acore - and global - band for LTE deployments• Operators often have sufficient bandwidth in1800 MHz to secure the full benefits of LTE• Often easier to re-farm than 900 MHz• User device eco-system is building; a goodchoice of user devices available by end 2011• Can be a transition strategy between HSPAand availability of new (e.g. 2.6 GHz, digitaldividend) spectrumThe LTE1800 Zone on providesa vast amount of information about deployment ofLTE in 1800 MHz spectrum, including white papersby leading vendors plus updates/presentations frommobile operators, and other resources. Visit theLTE1800 Zone via the banner on www.gsacom.comGSA REPORT: “Embracing the 1800MHzopportunity: Driving mobile forward with LTE inthe 1800MHz band” report shows from practical, economic andbusiness perspectives why 1800 MHz emerged as aprime band for LTE deployments in virtually allregions of the world, and its importance forinternational roaming.Key Findings: commercially launched LTE1800 systems76 operators have commercially launched LTE1800(band 3) systems in 43 countries either as a singleband system, or as part of a multi-band deployment.1800 MHz spectrum is typically refarmed from itsoriginal use for 2G/GSM, facilitated by expandingtechnology-neutral licensing environments.1800 MHz is the most widely used band for LTEdeployments globally. LTE1800 serves millions ofsubscribers (Q4 2012 = 14.27 million) on over 43% ofLTE networks today. 1800 MHz is the prime band forLTE deployments worldwide, and will greatly assistinternational roaming for mobile broadband. Mobilelicences for 1800 MHz have been awarded to 350+operators in nearly 150 countries and many moreLTE1800 LTE network deployments are expected.Country OperatorAngola MovicelAustralia OptusAustralia TelstraAzerbaijan AzercellBahrain BatelcoBahrain VivaBelgium ProximusCroatia T-HrvatskiCroatia VIPNetCzech Republic Telefonica O2Denmark 3Denmark TeliaDominican Republic Orange DominicanaEstonia ElisaEstonia EMTEstonia Tele2Finland DNAFinland ElisaFinland TeliaSoneraGermany DTGreece CosmoteGreece VodafoneHong Kong 3HKHong Kong CSL LimitedHong Kong PCCWHong Kong SmartoneHungary T-Mobile (MT)Hungary TelenorItaly 3 Italia
  • 44. May 10, 201344Evolution to LTE ReportItaly TIMItaly VodafoneJapan eAccess (band 9)Kazakhstan AltelKuwait VivaKuwait ZainLatvia LMTLithuania OmnitelLuxembourg TangoLuxembourg OrangeMauritius EmtelMauritius OrangeNamibia MTCNew Zealand VodafoneNorway TelenorNorway TeliaSoneraOman NawrasOman OmantelPhilippines GlobePhilippines SmartPoland Mobyland/CenterNetPoland PolkomtelPortugal OptimusPortugal VodafoneRomania CosmoteRomania OrangeRomania VodafoneSaudi Arabia STCSaudi Arabia ZainSingapore M1Singapore SingTelSingapore StarHubSlovak Republic Telefonica O2Slovenia MobitelSlovenia Si.mobilSouth Africa VodacomSouth Africa MTNSouth Korea KTSouth Korea SK TelecomSri Lanka Dialog AxiataSri Lanka MobitelSweden TeliaSoneraSwitzerland SwisscomTajikistan Babilon-MobileUAE DuUAE EtisalatUK EELTE1800 User Devices EcosystemManufacturers have ensured a wide choice of LTEuser devices that can operate on the 1800 MHz band,including all the leading brands and most popularsmartphones. The survey of the LTE devicesecosystem completed by GSA on March 27, 2013confirmed that 233 LTE1800 devices had beenannounced. The number of LTE1800 devices morethan tripled in 12 months. See GSA’s ‘Status of theLTE Ecosystem’ report which is a free download forregistered site users via the link at www.gsacom.comRegistration page MHz is the dominant band for LTE networkdeployments in virtually all regions of the world.Further analysis of GSA’s database of all LTE userdevices – including LTE1800 products, is possibleusing GAMBoD, the GSA Analyzer for MobileBroadband Devices, which is a unique search andanalysis tool developed by GSA for mobile broadbanddevices, allowing searches by supplier, form factor,features, peak downlink and uplink speeds, andoperating frequency.Visit is available only to qualified site users,defined as representatives of GSA Membercompanies who registered using their corporate emailaddress, or representatives of network operators whohave registered using their corporate email address.Or subscribe as an Associate of LinkedIN Group: 1,500+ MORE INFORMATION ON WORLDWIDELTE1800 OPERATOR COMMITMENTS,LAUNCHES, DEPLOYMENTS AND THE DEVICESECOSYSTEM SEE THIS RELATED GSA REPORT:“Status of the Global LTE1800 Market”Free download for GSA registered site users via thelink on
  • 45. May 10, 201345Evolution to LTE ReportAPT700 Band Plan – growing global supportAs seen in this report, the adoption of the APT700band plan by a growing number of countries acrossthe APAC and Latin America regions confirms thestrong momentum and represents a major opportunityfor global spectrum harmonization for LTE systems,paving the way for ensuring the greatest economiesof scale for devices and capacity for mobilebroadband, and for roaming.APT700 MHz band plan (698-806 MHz)FDD band plan (2 x 45 MHz plus guardband)(3GPP Band 28)• 703-748 MHz for the uplink• 10 MHz guard band• 758-803 MHz for the downlinkTDD band plan(3GPP Band 44)• 703-803 MHzThe FDD plan has attracted the most support.The GSMA (GSM Association) and GSA organizedan industry roundtable at MWC2013 to discuss thestate of the ecosystem for APT700 band planchipsets and user devices to agree on actions thatneed to be taken to progress use of this band.Presentations from the roundtable are available todownload from the GSA website -sign in and follow the links.Registration page for new band: Ericsson presentationMikael Halén, Director, Government and Industry RelationsOverview of devices landscape: GSA presentationPresentation by Alan Hadden, PresidentNew white papers on APT700 are being produced.APT700 is on the agenda at key conferencesincluding CommunicAsia and ITU Telecom World2013. Details will be given in updates of this report.Join the APT700 band LINKEDIN group: LTE commitments in 116 countries© GSA – Global mobile Suppliers AssociationMay 10, 2013 www.gsacom.comGSA’s definition of commercial launch:The phase in which a public telecommunications operatoris carrying commercial traffic on its LTE network, or offersto provide public service. Only licensed operators withspectrum assigned for use in public LTE communicationsnetworks are considered. MVNOs are not included. TheLTE operator’s business model may be retail or wholesale.Devices compatible for use on the LTE network may besold direct by the operator to the customer, or viadistributors, resellers or other third parties, or already beowned by persons wishing to use the service.Country Operator LaunchNorway TeliaSonera Launched 14.12.09Sweden TeliaSonera Launched 14.12.09Uzbekistan UCell Launched 09.08.10Poland Aero2 LTE FDD (and TDD later) Launched 07.09.10USA MetroPCS Launched 21.09.10Austria A1 Telekom Launched 05.11.10Sweden TeleNor Sweden Launched 15.11.10Sweden Tele2 Sweden Launched 15.11.10Hong Kong CSL Limited Launched 25.11.10Finland TeliaSonera Launched 30.11.10Germany Vodafone Launched 01.12.10USA Verizon Wireless Launched 05.12.10Finland Elisa Launched 08.12.10Denmark TeliaSonera Launched 09.12.10Estonia EMT Launched 17.12.10Japan NTT DoCoMo Launched 24.12.10Germany Deutsche Telekom Launched 05.04.11Philippines Smart Communications Launched 16.04.11Lithuania Omnitel Launched 28.04.11Latvia LMT Launched 31.05.11Singapore M1 Launched 21.06.11South Korea SK Telecom Launched 01.07.11South Korea LG U+ Launched 01.07.11Germany O2 (Telefonica) Launched 01.07.11Canada Rogers Wireless Launched 07.07.11Austria T Mobile Launched 28.07.11USA Mosaic Telecom Launched Jul 2011Canada Bell Mobility Launched 14.09.11Saudi Arabia Mobily (LTE TDD) Launched 14.09.11Saudi Arabia STC LTE TDD later FDD Launched 14.09.11Saudi Arabia Zain Launched 14.09.11USA AT&T Mobility Launched 18.09.11UAE Etisalat Launched 25.09.11Australia Telstra Launched 27.09.11Denmark TDC Launched 10.10.11Austria 3 Launched 18.11.11Puerto Rico AT&T Mobility Launched 20.11.11Puerto Rico Claro Launched 24.11.11Kyrgyzstan Saima Telecom Launched 09.12.11Brazil Sky Brazil (LTE TDD) Launched 13.12.11Finland DNA Launched 13.12.11Uruguay Antel Launched 13.12.11USA Leap Wireless/Cricket Launched 21.12.11Singapore SingTel Launched 22.12.11Kuwait Viva Launched 27.12.11Armenia Vivacell-MTS Launched 28.12.11
  • 46. May 10, 201346Evolution to LTE ReportBahrain Viva Launched 01.01.12Hungary T Mobile (MT) Launched 01.01.12South Korea KT Launched 03.01.12Russia Yota Launched 15.01.12Canada Telus Launched 10.02.12USA Peoples Telephone Co-op Launched 14.02.12Japan Softbank (XGP/LTE TDD) Launched 24.02.12Portugal TMN (Portugal Telecom) Launched 12.03.12Portugal Vodafone Portugal Launched 12.03.12Portugal Optimus Launched 15.03.12Japan eAccess Launched 15.03.12USA US Cellular Launched 22.03.12Croatia T-Hrvatski Telekom Launched 23.03.12Croatia VIPNet Launched 23.03.12USA Panhandle Telephone Co-op Launched Mar 2012Australia NBN No (LTE TDD) Launched 02.04.12India Bharti Airtel (LTE TDD) Launched 10.04.12Angola Movicel Launched 14.04.12Puerto Rico Open Mobile Launched 19.04.12Moldova IDC Launched 21.04.12Sweden 3 Sweden Launched 23.04.12Hong Kong China Mobile HK (LTE TDD later) Launched 25.04.12Hong Kong PCCW Launched 25.04.12USA Cellcom Launched 30.04.12USA Pioneer Cellular Launched 30.04.12Netherlands Vodafone Launched 01.05.12Hong Kong 3 HK Launched 02.05.12Netherlands Ziggo Launched 03.05.12Netherlands Tele2 Launched 08.05.12Netherlands KPN Launched 11.05.12Netherlands T-Mobile Launched 11.05.12Namibia MTC Launched 16.05.12USA BendBroadband Launched 17.05.12Tanzania Smile Launched 30.05.12UAE Du Launched 12.06.12Colombia Une-EPM Launched 14.06.12Azerbaijan Azercell Launched 19.06.12Czech Rep Telefonica O2 Launched 19.06.12Mauritius Orange Launched 21.06.12Guam IT&E Launched 28.06.12UK UK Broadband (LTE TDD) Launched 28.06.12Hungary Telenor Launched 05.07.12Dominican R Orange Dominicana Launched 09.07.12Slovenia Si.mobil Launched 12.07.12USA Sprint Launched 15.07.12Oman Omantel (LTE TDD) Launched 16.07.12Australia Optus FDD (LTE TDD to follow) Launched 31.07.12Mauritius Emtel Launched Jul 2012Slovak Rep Telefonica O2 Launched 02.08.12Hong Kong Smartone Launched 28.08.12Poland Polkomtel Plus Launched 09.12Russia Megafon (LTE TDD) Launched 01.09.12Russia MTS (LTE TDD) Launched 01.09.12USA C Spire Wireless Launched 10.09.12Singapore StarHub Launched 19.09.12Japan KDDI Launched 21.09.12Japan Softbank Mobile Launched 21.09.12Canada MTS Allstream Launched 25.09.12Denmark 3 Denmark Launched 28.09.12Philippines Globe Launched 28.09.12Luxembourg Tango Launched 01.10.12Guam DoCoMo Pacific Launched 04.10.12Tajikistan Babilon Mobile Launched 06.10.12Norway Telenor Launched 10.10.12South Africa Vodacom Launched 10.10.12USA Alaska Communications Launched 12.10.12Mexico Telefonica Movistar Launched 15.10.12Luxembourg Orange Launched 29.10.12UK EE Launched 30.10.12Uganda Smile Launched Oct 2012Belgium Belgacom / Proximus Launched 05.11.12USA Bluegrass Cellular Launched 05.11.12Antigua-Barb Digicel Launched 06.11.12Italy Vodafone Launched 06.11.12Mexico Telcel Launched 06.11.12Italy TIM Launched 07.11.12Montenegro Telenor Launched 08.11.12USA Sprocket Wireless Launched 09.11.12Greece Cosmote Launched 16.11.12Moldova Moldcell Launched 16.11.12USA Strata Networks Launched 19.11.12Moldova Orange Launched 20.11.12Romania Vodafone Launched 20.11.12Kuwait Zain Launched 21.11.12France Orange Launched 22.11.12USA Shentel Launched 23.11.12Estonia Tele2 Launched 27.11.12France SFR Launched 28.11.12Switzerland Swisscom Launched 29.11.12South Africa MTN Launched 01.12.12Romania Orange Launched 12.12.12Brazil Claro Launched 13.12.12Angola Unitel Launched 16.12.12Bolivia Entel Movil Launched 16.12.12Greece Vodafone Launched 17.12.12Puerto Rico Sprint Nextel Launched 18.12.12Kazakhstan Altel Launched 25.12.12Sri Lanka Dialog Axiata LTE TDD later FDD Launched 30.12.12Sri Lanka Mobitel Launched 31.12.12USA Thumb Cellular Launched 12.12Malaysia Maxis Launched 01.01.13Canada Sasktel Launched 31.01.13Italy 3 Italia Launched 01.02.13Estonia Elisa Launched 14.02.13Canada Eastlink Launched 15.02.13Paraguay Personal Launched 08.02.13Oman Nawras Launched 17.02.13Paraguay Vox Launched 18.02.13Bahrain Batelco Launched 27.02.13New Zealand Vodafone Launched 28.02.13Brazil On Telecomunicacoes LTE TDD Launched 03.13Lithuania Tele2 Launched 03.13USA MiSpot Launched 14.03.13Dominican R Tricom Launched 18.03.13Guam iConnect Launched 20.03.13Slovenia Mobitel Launched 20.03.13USA T Mobile USA Launched 26.03.13Iceland Nova Launched 04.04.13Qatar Ooredoo Launched 16.04.13Bahrain Zain Launched 18.04.13South Africa Telkom Mobile / 8ta (LTE TDD) Launched 21.04.13Malaysia Ceclcom Axiata Launched 22.04.13Uganda MTN Uganda Launched 25.04.13Brazil Oi Launched 25.04.13Romania Cosmote Launched 29.04.13Brazil TIM Brasil Launched 30.04.13Brazil Vivo Launched 30.04.13France Bouygues Telecom Launched 06.05.13Thailand True Move Launched 08.05.13Andorra Andorra Telecom 2013Australia BigAir 2013Australia VHA 2013Azerbaijan Azerfon 2013Bahamas BTC 2013Bahrain Menatelecom (LTE TDD) 2013Belarus BelCel 2013Belgium b•lite (LTE TDD) 2013Belgium Mobistar 2013Bulgaria MAX Telecom 2013Chile Claro 2013Chile Entel PCS 2013Chile Movistar 2013China China Telecom 2013
  • 47. May 10, 201347Evolution to LTE ReportCosta Rica Claro 2013Costa Rica ICE 2013Czech Republic T-Mobile 2013Denmark TeleNor 2013Dominican R Emtel 2013Ecuador CNT 2013Ghana NITA (LTE TDD) 2013India Aircel (LTE TDD) 2013India Reliance incl QAP (LTE TDD) 2013India Tikona (LTE TDD) 2013India Videocon 2013Indonesia IM2 (LTE TDD) 2013Ireland 3 Ireland 2013Ireland Meteor 2013Ireland O2 2013Ireland Vodafone 2013Ireland Imagine Group (LTE TDD) 2013Italy Wind 2013Jordan Zain 2013Kuwait Wataniya Telecom 2013Laos Beeline Lao 2013Laos LTC 2013Lebanon Alfa 2013Lebanon MTC Touch 2013Lithuania Bite 2013Malaysia DiGi 2013Malaysia U Mobile 2013Malaysia P1 Networks (LTE TDD) 2013Malaysia Asiaspace (LTE TDD) 2013Malaysia REDtone 2013Malaysia YTL Communications Yes 2013Monaco Monaco Telecom 2013Nepal Nepal Telecom (LTE TDD) 2013New Zealand Telecom New Zealand 2013Norway Mobile Norway/Tele2 2013Puerto Rico T Mobile 2013Russia Antares Group 2013Russia Osnova Telecom (LTE TDD) 2013Russia Rostelecom (FDD and TDD) 2013Russia Tele2 2013Russia Vainakh Telecom (LTE TDD) 2013Russia Vimpelcom 2013South Africa Cell C 2013South Africa WBS (iBurst) 2013Spain COTA (LTE TDD) 2013Spain Orange 2013Spain Yoigo 2013Switzerland Orange 2013Switzerland Sunrise 2013Tanzania Telesis 2013UK Hutchison 3 2013UK O2 2013UK Vodafone 2013USA BayRICS 2013USA CenturyLink 2013USA Clearwire (LTE TDD) 2013USA Copper Valley Telecom 2013USA Cross Telephone 2013USA NorthwestCell 2013USA nTelos Wireless 2013USA VTel Wireless 2013USA West Central Wireless 2013US Virgin Isl AT&T Mobility 2013Uzbekistan Beeline 2013Venezuela Digitel 2013Zambia Massnet 2013Bulgaria M-Tel 2013-14China China Mobile (LTE TDD) 2013-14Poland ERA/T-Mobile 2013-14Bahamas CBL 2014Morocco Inwi 2014Poland Milmex (LTE TDD) 2014Romania 2K Telecom 2014Turks & Caicos Digicel 2014Turks & Caicos Islandcom 2014Armenia Armentel To be confirmedArmenia Orange Armenia To be confirmedAustralia EnergyAustralia Ausgrid To be confirmedAustralia TPG Internet To be confirmedAustria Orange To be confirmedAzerbaijan Bakcell To be confirmedBelarus BeST (Life) To be confirmedBelize BTL To be confirmedBelgium BUCD (LTE TDD) To be confirmedBelgium KPN Base To be confirmedBhutan Bhutan Telecom To be confirmedCanada Videotron To be confirmedChina Velatel-Aerostrong (LTE TDD) To be confirmedColombia Tigo To be confirmedCosta Rica IBW International (LTE TDD) To be confirmedCosta Rica Movistar To be confirmedCroatia Velatel (LTE TDD) To be confirmedDRC Smile To be confirmedEgypt Etisalat Misr To be confirmedEgypt Vodafone To be confirmedEquat Guinea Guineanet To be confirmedEl Salvador IBW International (LTE TDD) To be confirmedEthiopia Ethio Telecom To be confirmedFinland Datame (LTE TDD) To be confirmedFrance Bollore Telecom (LTE TDD) To be confirmedGermany DBD (LTE TDD) To be confirmedGermany E Plus To be confirmedGhana Glo Mobile To be confirmedGuatemala IBW International (LTE TDD) To be confirmedHong Kong 21 Vianet Group (LTE TDD) To be confirmedIceland 365 Media To be confirmedIceland Siminn To be confirmedIceland Vodafone (Fjarskipti) To be confirmedIndonesia Indosat To be confirmedIndonesia Telkomsel To be confirmedIndonesia XL Axiata To be confirmedIraq MaxyTel (LTE TDD) To be confirmedIraq Regional Telecom To be confirmedIsrael Cellcom To be confirmedItaly Linkem (LTE TDD) To be confirmedJamaica Claro To be confirmedJersey Clear Mobitel To be confirmedKazakhstan Kcell To be confirmedKiribati TSKL To be confirmedLatvia Bite To be confirmedLatvia Tele2 To be confirmedLibya Al Madar To be confirmedLuxembourg P&T To be confirmedMadagascar Blueline (LTE TDD) To be confirmedMyanmar Myanmar P & T To be confirmedMontenegro Velatel (LTE TDD) To be confirmedNamibia Telecom Namibia (including Leo) To be confirmedNepal Ncell To be confirmedNicaragua IBW International (LTE TDD) To be confirmedNigeria Globacom To be confirmedNigeria Visafone Communications To be confirmedNigeria Zoda Fones (LTE TDD) To be confirmedPanama Cable and Wireless To be confirmedParaguay Tigo To be confirmedPhilippines Bayan Telecommunications To be confirmedPoland PTK Centertel (Orange) To be confirmedPuerto Rico Aeronet (LTE TDD) To be confirmedRomania RCS & RDS To be confirmedRussia Smoltelecom (LTE TDD) To be confirmedRwanda KT Corp – Government JV To be confirmedSlovak Rep Orange To be confirmedSpain Telefónica To be confirmed
  • 48. May 10, 201348Evolution to LTE ReportSpain Vodafone To be confirmedSri Lanka Etisalat To be confirmedTaiwan Global Mobile (LTE TDD) To be confirmedTaiwan CHT (LTE FDD and/or TDD) To be confirmedTanzania Vodacom To be confirmedThailand DTAC – TriNet To be confirmedTunisia Tunisiana To be confirmedUruguay Dedicado (LTE TDD) To be confirmedUK NSV (BT) (FDD and TDD) To be confirmedUSA Aircell To be confirmedUSA Appalachian Wireless To be confirmedUSA Carolina West Wireless To be confirmedUSA Chariton Valley Comms To be confirmedUSA Chat Mobility To be confirmedUSA Custer Telephone To be confirmedUSA ETC To be confirmedUSA Etex Telephone Co-op To be confirmedUSA Commnet Wireless To be confirmedUSA Convergence Technologies To be confirmedUSA KPU (Alaska) To be confirmedUSA Lightsquared To be confirmedUSA Matanuska Telephone Assoc To be confirmedUSA MTPCS To be confirmedUSA Sagebrush Cellular (Nemont) To be confirmedUSA O2 Secure Wireless To be confirmedUSA PVT To be confirmedUSA Peoples Telephone Co-op To be confirmedUSA S and R Communications To be confirmedUSA S&T Telephone Cooperative To be confirmedUSA SGRITA To be confirmedUSA SpeedConnect To be confirmedUSA Texas Energy Network To be confirmedUSA United Wireless To be confirmedUSA Public Service Wireless To be confirmedUSA City of Charlotte Council To be confirmedVietnam RusViet Telecom To be confirmedVenezuela Movilmax (LTE TDD) To be confirmedVenezuela Movistar To be confirmedZambia Zamtel To be confirmedZimbabwe Aqiva Wireless To be confirmed53 pre-commitment LTE trials, studiesCountry OperatorAbkhaz AquafonAfghanistan EtisalatArgentina TelefonicaArgentina PersonalAzerbaijan Sazz (LTE TDD)Belarus MTSBelgium TelenetBotswana Mascom WirelessBrazil Algar Telecom (CTBC)Brazil Sao Paulo Military PoliceBrazil Army – trials plannedBulgaria VivacomCanada Wind MobileCanada Xplornet (LTE TDD)China UnicomEgypt MobinilEgypt Umniah – LTE trials completedGeorgia MagticomIndia BSNL – study phase LTE TDDIndia MTNL – study phase LTE TDDIndia SSTL studying LTE800 (CDMA band)Indonesia Bakrie TelecomIsle of Man Manx TelecomKenya Essar Telecom (Yu) – study phaseLatvia TriatelLatvia LattelecomKazakhstan BeelineKazakhstan Tele2Kenya SafaricomNew Zealand Kordia – study phaseNew Zealand Woosh – study phaseNigeria Airtel Nigeria – Lagos trials completedNigeria Starcomms – study phasePeru TelefonicaQatar Vodafone QatarRussia Enforta test network LTE TDDRussia SMARTSSlovak Republic T-Mobile SlovenskoSpain Neo-Sky study phase LTE TDDSpain “R” conducting LTE TDD trialsSouth Africa NeotelTaiwan FarEasTone - trialsTaiwan Fitel (LTE TDD)Thailand DPC/AISThailand AIS – TOTTurkey AveaTurkey TurkcellUkraine MTS-UkraineUSA Dish Network seeking FCC approvalUSA ISICSBVietnam FPT TelecomVietnam VDC (VNPT)Vietnam Viettel
  • 49. May 10, 201349Evolution to LTE Report821 LTE User Devices – March 27, 2013GSA regularly updates the contents of its GAMBoD database of LTE user devices that have been officiallyannounced by manufacturers, and the main findings are published in GSA’s Status of the LTE Ecosystem report.The report published on March 27, 2013 confirmed 821 products (including operator and frequency variants)announced by 97 manufacturers. 474 new LTE user devices were announced in the past year. FDD and TDD (TD-LTE) devices are included. Press release: ‘Status of the LTE Ecosystem’ report is free for registered site users via the link at page for new site users: regularly for updates.LTE User Devices LinkedIN Group LTE subscriptions: 68.33 million Q4 2012(subscriptions data source: Informa WCIS)Download LTE subscriptions growth charts from the GSA website as JPEG files at as a PDF file on via the link to “LTE subscriptions growth to Q4 2012”Upcoming leading conferences supported by GSA ….. where LTE will be discussedLTE Russia and CIS 2013, Moscow: May 28-29, 2013Presentation by GSAWebsite: Ukraine, Kiev: June 12, 2013Presentation by GSAWebsite: 2013 Summit, Singapore: June 18 – 21, 2013Track chair: GSAWebsite: GSA supported events GSA Member discounts apply for most events
  • 50. May 10, 201350Evolution to LTE ReportMore LTE resources from GSA• Map: Worldwide LTE network commitments, launches and trials (GSA)• CHART: Spectrum used in commercially launched LTE FDD networks (GSA)• Status of the Global LTE TDD Market report (GSA)• Status of the Global LTE1800 Market report (GSA)• Operator Viewpoint presentations - various• LTE Security Overview (by Charles Brookson, Security Expert)• The future of WCDMA/HSPA - Delivering exceptional MBB user experience everywhere(New white paper, Ericsson)• VoLTE power consumption (New white paper – Renesas Mobile)• The Business Benefits of 4G LTE (A D Little / EE report)• LTE in the 3500MHz Band (3400-3800MHz) (White paper – Huawei)• 1000X Challenge – Spectrum Innovations (Presentation – Qualcomm Inc.)• LTE Broadcast – a revenue enabler in the mobile media era(New white paper, Ericsson)• Delivering Public Safety Communications with LTE(White paper, Netovate WP on behalf of 3GPP)GSA (Global mobile Suppliers Association) represents GSM/EDGE/WCDMA-HSPA/LTE suppliers, providing reports, facts,analysis and information explaining market developments and trends. GSA brings together a global industry community ofstakeholders including over 57,000 registered website users for dialog, knowledge gathering, sharing of key facts, trends, andanalysis. Over 14,000 people use GSA’s social network platforms. Register for updates, reports, information papers, maps,charts, etc. at SecretariatPress: press@gsacom.comGeneral: info@gsacom.comPhone: +44 1279 439 667Website: www.gsacom.comRSS Feed: LinkedIN group strives at all times to ensure that the information provided is always as accurate as possible. The content contained in this report isbased on information provided to GSA in good faith but such information cannot always be fully guaranteed and at all times. Therefore suchcontent is provided without warranty in currentness, completeness or correctness. Errors and Omissions Excepted. Copyright © GSA –Global mobile Suppliers Association. Reproduction of this material for non-commercial use is allowed if the source is stated. For other useplease contact the GSA Secretariat via email to info@gsacom.comComments about this report or updates are welcome to info@gsacom.comETSI has registered “LTE” as a trademark for the benefit of the 3GPP Partners. GSA is a Market Representation Partner in 3GPP