May 10, 20134Evolution to LTE Reportimproved in-building performance. Commercial LTEservices are running on several networks using 800MHz (band 20), often targeting rural broadbandneeds and improved indoor coverage. The capacityband in most regions is 2.6 GHz. There is highinterest in re-farming 2G spectrum for LTE, especially1800 MHz, and in a few cases 900 MHz. Mostregulators adopt a technology-neutral approach.Initial LTE FDD deployments in Japan use 800/850MHz, 1.5 GHz, 1.7 GHz and 2.1 GHz (operator-dependant). New 700 MHz (APT700) spectrum hasbeen allocated ready for future use.Design targets for the first LTE deployments include: Instantaneous downlink peak data rate of at least100 Mb/s within 20 MHz allocation (5 bps/Hz) Instantaneous uplink peak data rate of 50 Mb/s (2.5bps/Hz within a 20MHz uplink allocation) Downlink: average user throughput per MHz, 3 to 4times Release 6 HSDPA Uplink: average user throughput per MHz, 2-3 timesRelease 6 Enhanced Uplink E-UTRAN optimized for low mobile speed: 0-15km/h. Higher mobile speed between 15-120 km/hshould be supported with high performance.Mobility across the cellular network shall bemaintained at speeds 120 km/h-350 km/h (or evenup to 500 km/h depending on the frequency band) Spectrum flexibility: scalable to operate in 1.4, 3, 5,10, 15 and 20 MHz allocations: uplink anddownlink…paired and unpaired Co-existence with GERAN/3G on adjacentchannels; with other operators on adjacentchannels; overlapping or adjacent spectrum atcountry borders; handover with UTRAN & GERANLTE radio network products incorporate severalfeatures to simplify building and management of next-generation networks. Plug-and-play, self-configuration and self-optimization simplify andreduce network rollout and management cost. LTE isbeing deployed alongside simplified, IP-based coreand transport networks that are easier to build,maintain and introduce services on. The 3GPP corenetwork has also undergone System ArchitectureEvolution, optimized for packet mode and the IP-Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) to support all accesstechnologies, including fixed access. This allows: Improvements in latency, capacity, throughput Simplification of the core network, and optimizationfor IP traffic, services, and growth Simplified support and handover to non-3GPPaccess technologiesThe resulting evolved packet system comprizes thecore network, evolved packet core (EPC) and radionetwork. The whole system is often called LTE.LTE Category 4 enables 150 Mbps peak downlinkand is the next evolution step which is market realityon a number of networks with user devices available.LTE TDD SystemsMost LTE deployments use paired spectrum (FDD).The LTE TDD mode for unpaired spectrum iscomplementary and the perfect choice for providinghigh-speed mobile broadband access in unpairedspectrum. LTE TDD is gaining market tractionglobally, and also provides a future-proof evolutionarypath for TD-SCDMA, another 3GPP standard, aswidely deployed in China. LTE TDD is an integral partof the 3GPP standard, implementing a maximum ofcommonalities with LTE FDD and offeringcomparable performance characteristics and similarhigh spectral efficiency. Within globally assigned IMTbands for mobile services, significant resources aresuitable for LTE TDD. The largest contiguous bandsare 2.3 GHz (100 MHz) and within the 2.6 GHz band(50 MHz according to the CEPT band plan). Thereare also many deployments in progress or plannedusing 3.5 GHz (bands 42/43), which has significantfuture potential for LTE. Due to the demand for radiotechnologies for unpaired bands and leveraging thecommonalities above, LTE TDD can exploit globaleconomies of scale similar to LTE FDD, with a shorttime to market as a mainstream technology, and isthus an ideal path for WiMAX™ operators to growtheir business, which many are adopting. LTE TDDoperator commitments, system maturity and status ofthe devices eco-system are covered in this report.LTE-Advanced SystemsLTE FDD and LTE TDD have a clear evolutiontowards LTE-Advanced which includes many featuresoriginally considered for the ITU’s IMT-Advancedsystem. In October 2010 the ITU designated LTE-Advanced as an IMT-Advanced (4G) system. IMT-Advanced provides a global platform on which tobuild next-generations of interactive mobile servicesfor faster data access, enhanced roaming, unifiedmessaging and broadband multimedia. LTE-
May 10, 20135Evolution to LTE ReportAdvanced test systems are operating around theworld, achieving transmission data rates of 1 GB/s onthe downlink and 200 Mbps on the uplink. Multi-carrier LTE (an LTE-Advanced feature) iscommercially launched. 3GPP published Release 10of the standard in March 2011 and froze the featuresset for LTE-Advanced. Completion of Rel. 10 was thefinal step to ensure that the 3GPP radio interface willmeet the requirements of IMT-Advanced. Severaloperators are preparing to introduce LTE-Advancedfeatures in their networks in 2013.LTE-Advanced capabilitiesAs is the case with current work on HSPA Evolution(HSPA+), LTE work will continue beyond the currentRelease. It is a well-proven method in 3GPP thatwork is allowed to carry on, but is punctuated by aseries of Releases, allowing the industry to makeproducts and plan services from that point on. At theplenary meeting of TSG SA in September 2012,Release 11 of the 3GPP specification sets for GSM,UMTS and LTE-Advanced (and access-agnostic)systems was functionally frozen. However, a furtherfew months are needed before all specifications canbe considered complete as some features are not yetfully specified.More about 3GPP standards at www.3gpp.orgLTE networks, developments global round-upAmericasUSAOn September 21, 2010 regional carrier MetroPCSbecame the first operator in the USA to launch LTE.MetroPCS offered the world’s first commerciallyavailable LTE handset, the Samsung Craft™. Servicewas launched in Las Vegas, extended to Dallas/ForthWorth, Detroit, Boston, Sacramento and New York.Samsung SCH-R900/Craft was also the first multi-mode CDMA-LTE handset. LTE network expansioncontinues. MetroPCS had 2.2 million LTE subs byend 2012 and has agreed to merge with T MobileUSA, subject to shareholder approval at its meetingon April 12, 2013.Verizon Wireless commercially launched LTE using700 MHz (band 13) on December 5, 2010. Verizonsaid coverage would match its 3G network by 2013.LTE service is available to over 90% of the population(287 million people, company website - May 2013).Verizon is now deploying LTE using AWS, targetingcommercial service in 2H 2013. Verizon plans todeploy VoLTE late 2013-early 2014.Through its “LTE in Rural America” program Verizonworks with partners to collaboratively build andoperate an LTE network that covers over 2.6 millionpeople in rural communities over 82,000 square milesby sharing its 700 MHz Upper C block spectrum. Thecurrent 19 “LTE in Rural America” participants are:• Appalachian Wireless – Kentucky• Bluegrass Cellular - Kentucky• Cellcom – Wisconsin and Michigan• Chariton Valley – Missouri• Chat Mobility - Iowa• Clear Stream - North Carolina• Convergence Technologies – Indiana• Copper Valley Telecom - Alaska• Cross Telephone - Oklahoma• Custer Telephone Cooperative – Idaho• KPU - Alaska• Matanuska Telephone Association – Alaska• MTPCS – Montana, Louisiana, Texas• NorthwestCell – Missouri• Pioneer Cellular – Oklahoma
May 10, 20136Evolution to LTE Report• Sagebrush Cellular (Nemont) – Dakota,Montana• S and R Communications - Indiana• Strata Networks – Utah• Thumb Cellular - MichiganPioneer Cellular launched commercial LTE serviceon April 30, 2012. Cellcom launched commercial LTEservice on April 30, 2012 in Green Bay, SturgeonBay, Appleton, Oshkosh, Wausau, Oconto andMarinette Counties. Bluegrass Cellular launchedcommercial LTE service on November 5, 2012covering 348,000 population. Sprocket Wireless(brand of Cross Telephone) commercially launchedits first phase of 4G LTE service including portions ofthe Muskogee and Pittsburg counties in EasternOklahoma on November 9th, 2012. Strata Networkslaunched commercial service on November 19, 2012.Thumb Cellular commercially launched 700 MHzLTE service in December 2012. KPUTelecommunications (Alaska) i.e. Ketchikan PublicUtilities plans to lease a 22 MHz block from VerizonWireless.AT&T Mobility commercially launched LTE serviceon September 18, 2011 in 700 MHz (band 17) inAtlanta, Chicago, Dallas, Houston and San Antonio.The LTE network is now live in 222 markets (May 8,2013 company website) and is planned to cover 300million people by end 2014. AT&T plans to close itsGSM network by 2017 latest, and intends to re-farmthe spectrum to support its 3G and 4G networks. InJanuary 2013 AT&T announced plans to pay VerizonWireless the sum of US$ 1.9 billion for 700 MHz Bband spectrum covering 42 million people in 18states, plus AWS spectrum in markets includingPhoenix, Los Angeles, Fresno, and Portland. All ofthis spectrum will be used for LTE. The deal could becompleted in 2H 2013 and is subject to regulatoryapproval. VoLTE will be deployed by end 2013.T-Mobile USA commercially launched LTE serviceon March 26, 2013 in AWS spectrum. The target is toreach 100 millions population coverage by mid-2013,and 200 millions by end of 2013. Service is availableat launch in Baltimore, Houston, Kansas City, LasVegas, Phoenix, San Jose, and Washington, D.C.MiSpot, a new subsidiary of Agri-ValleyCommunication, commercially launched 700 MHzLTE service on March 14, 2013 to residents andsmall businesses in rural communities in 37 countiesin northern and central Michigan.Aircell aims to use LTE to boost its in-flight networkcapacity if sufficient spectrum is obtained.Bay Area Regional Interoperable CommunicationsSystem (BayRICS) vision was established by the 10Bay Area Counties and 3 core cities, San Francisco,Oakland, and San Jose in 2006 through the creationof a strategic plan with the goal of providing voice anddata interoperability throughout the Bay Area region.BayRICS is a state of the art communicationssystem-of-systems. Bay Area Wireless EnhancedBroadband (BayWEB) is the broadband componentof BayRICS which has acquired 700 MHz in which anLTE-based public safety system is intended to bedeployed. In April 2011, the first public-safety LTEpilot network in the San Francisco Bay Area wastested. These tests were commissioned by the EastBay Communications System Authority, whichoversaw the pilot LTE network deployment.BendBroadband announced on May 17, 2012 thatthe company had upgraded its network, making it thefirst carrier in Central Oregon to offer commercial LTEservice. BendBroadband announced it would shutdown its HSPA+ wireless network at end June 2012after which it will only offer the LTE service.C Spire Wireless holds 700 MHz band 12 spectrumfor most of Mississippi, Tennessee and Alabama andcommercially launched LTE service on September10, 2012 in McComb, Brookhaven, Meridian andGreenville. Due to limited device support for band 12,C Spire currently uses only band 25 (1850 – 1915 /1930 - 1995 MHz) for LTE and service is available in36 markets (March 1, 2013 – company website).CenturyLink plans to deploy LTE in 700 MHz, afterspending USD 149 million in the 700 MHz auction on69 A and B block concessions..Enhanced Telecommunications Corporation(ETC) is deploying an LTE network in Indiana.Leap Wireless Cricket subsidiary commerciallylaunched LTE on December 21, 2011 in Tucson inAWS spectrum. Coverage for Las Vegas wasannounced in October 2012. Cricket planned to cover21 million POPs by end 2012, and introduce several
May 10, 20137Evolution to LTE ReportLTE smartphones. Leap Wireless signed a 5-yearwholesale agreement with Clearwire for capacity off-load.CDMA operator Alaska Communications (ACS)commercially launched 4G/LTE service in AWSspectrum on October 12, 2012 in Anchorage,Fairbanks and Juneau. Initial devices includedSamsung Galaxy SIII, Galaxy Note, and theBandLuxe 4G LTE Wireless Router.Clearwire Corp. is deploying LTE TDD in 2496 –2690 MHz (Band 41) and released results of trialscarried out on LTE TDD and FDD systems inPhoenix, Arizona. Clearwire is a member of theGlobal TD-LTE Initiative, and in August 2011committed to deploy an LTE overlay, incorporatingkey features of LTE-Advanced. The LTE TDD modeis expected to be deployed in 20 MHz of spectrumwith 2,000 LTE TDD sites operating by June 2013, atwhich time VoLTE will also be supported.Sprint commercially launched LTE FDD service onJuly 15, 2012 in 10 MHz of existing 1900 MHzspectrum (band 25) in 15 cities: Atlanta, Athens,Calhoun, Carrollton, Newnan and Rome, Ga.; Dallas,Fort Worth, Granbury-Hood County, Houston,Huntsville, San Antonio and Waco, Texas; and St.Joseph and Kansas City, Mo.. Initial smartphonesoffered include HTC EVO™ 4G LTE, Galaxy Nexus,LG Viper 4G LTE, and Samsung Galaxy SIII. TheSierra Wireless™ 4G LTE Tri-Fi Hotspot is alsooffered. Sprint plans to use 2.5 GHz in future and alsouse 800 MHz (ESMR spectrum) by moving iDENcustomers onto its CDMA PTT service. Sprintconfirmed LTE coverage served 58 markets (mid-March 2013, company website) and plans to have250 million LTE pops coverage by end 2013 andcontinue fill in of smaller markets with LTE from early2014. Sprint said it would not sell WiMAX™ serviceafter 2012 and is deploying LTE-Advancedtechnology in 800 MHz in 2013 using 3GPP Release10 in a 10 x 10 configuration.Softbank (Japan) plans to buy 70% of Sprint Nextelfor $20.1bn, subject to shareholders and regulatorsapproval, and could be completed by mid-2013.Shenandoah Telecommunications (Shentel) is anaffiliate of Sprint Nextel having access to the latter’s800 and 1900 MHz spectrum in return for building acompatible LTE network. Shentel launchedcommercial LTE service on November 23, 2012 inMaryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia.In May 2013 the company confirmed that LTEcoverage had reached 75% of its network footprint.As part of a $32.1 million stimulus grant, CommnetWireless, LLC (subsidiary of Atlantic Tele-NetworkInc.) will develop and operate an LTE network in theNavajo Nation. The grant, plus partial matching funds,will provide broadband infrastructure access to theNavajo Nation across Arizona, New Mexico and Utah,enabling fixed and mobile service for over 30,000households (c. 135,000 people) and 1,000businesses in 15 of the largest communities in theNavajo Nation, including Window Rock, Shiprock,Kayenta, Chinle, and Tuba City. The project will alsoprovide high-capacity connectivity on the combinedmiddle-mile backbone to 49 more tribal communities.Satellite TV provider Dish Network applied to theFCC in August 2011 for approval to deploy LTE-Advanced in S-band Mobile Satellite Services (MSS)spectrum bought from TerreStar, added to spectrumacquired from the purchase of satellite companyDBSD North America, for a total of 40 MHz (2000-2020 MHz and 2180-2200 MHz). This spectrum isnow known as AWS-4. FCC granted formal approvalto DISH on December 11, 2012 subject to specificedpower level restrictions to avoid interference to theadjacent AWS-H spectrum which is scheduled to beauctioned. AWS-H comprises 1915 – 1920 MHz(uplink) and 1995 – 2000 MHz (downlink), which isadjacent to PCS-G spectrum occupied by Sprint.In March 2012 the FCC issued a Notice of ProposedRulemaking for stand-alone terrestrial services using2 GHz MSS spectrum. If the waiver is allowed, LTE-Advanced service is not anticipated before 2016.Greenfield operator Lightsquared is planning todeploy the first US wholesale-only LTE network, andselected its infrastructure supplier for deploymentusing 1.4 to 1.6 GHz, mostly (46 MHz) in L-Band.However the company must work through majorregulatory obstacles because the FCC ruled that itsproposed operating frequency interferes with GPSand aircraft flight safety systems. Lightsquared filedfor bankruptcy in May 2012 in order to try to continueoperations, and has control over its Chapter 11 statusas the company continues its reorganization efforts.
May 10, 20138Evolution to LTE ReportRural CDMA operator Mosaic Telecom (NWWisconsin) holds 700 MHz and AWS spectrum andlaunched commercial LTE service in July 2011.NetAmerica Alliance LLC aims to help bring LTEmobile broadband services to 700 MHz and AWSspectrum holders for consumers and businesses insmaller markets and rural areas. NetAmerica joinsforces with rural independent license holdersdeploying new converged 4G mobile/fixed networksand provide them with business and network servicesincluding combined buying power, nationwidebranding, 24x7 network monitoring, core networkingelements, apps development and other key services.www.netAmericaAlliance.comNetwork operators Etex Telephone Cooperative,Panhandle Telephone Cooperative, PeoplesTelephone Cooperative, and S&T TelephoneCooperative/Communications are committed toLTE network deployments and joined NetAmericaAlliance. On October 26, 2011, NetAmerica Allianceannounced a live LTE pilot network. NetAmericaAlliance members are using the pilot network todevelop, test and refine operating methodologiesprior to turn-up of commercial service. PeoplesTelephone Cooperative launched commercial LTEservice in rural Texas on February 14, 2012 havingreplaced its WiMAX™ offer with LTE in 700 MHz. Theinitial service phase moved over 200 residential usersfrom WiMAX™ to LTE in Eastern Texas.Panhandle (PTCI) owns spectrum covering sixcounties comprised of more than 45,000 people,nearly 20,000 households and covers over 7,500square miles. PTCI launched commercial LTEservice at end March 2012, initially in rural Oklahoma;the network consists of 45 towers covering 5,000square miles and 30,000 population covered.O2 Secure Wireless, an Internet communicationscompany, has embarked on phase one of its LTEnetwork strategy. The company plans to providecoverage to over 500,000 customers in under-servedor unserved markets in Florida, Kentucky, Mississippi,Alabama, North Carolina, and South Carolina.Public Service Wireless is deploying a 700 MHzLTE network in central and south-west Georgia.South Georgia Regional Information TechnologyAuthority is deploying a 700MHz LTE system.WiMAX™ operator SpeedConnect is deployinginfrastructure in Michigan that includes LTE andWiMAX™ technologies.Texas Energy Network (TEN) is deploying an LTEnetwork, initially targeting the oil and gas industriesbeginning with the Eagle Ford Shale region.United Wireless has added LTE to its CDMAnetwork and deployed its LTE network in 700 MHzband 12 spectrum, planning to launch when sufficientdevices for this band are available.US Cellular in partnership with King Street Wirelesscommercially launched 700 MHz LTE service onMarch 22, 2012 in selected cities in Iowa, Maine,North Carolina, Oklahoma, Texas and Wisconsin. 30new markets were activated on November 5, 2012.By end of 2012, 58% of its customer base werecovered by LTE, planned to rise to 87% by end 2013.VTel Wireless is deploying an LTE network in ruralVermont, to be completed by December 2013.West Central Wireless, subsidiary of Central TexasTelephone Cooperative, is deploying an LTE network.The company also uses LTE for fixed wirelessservices in the 700 MHz band, though this is not usedby its mobile subscribers, but will be offered on awholesale basis to other carriers.US regional operator Penasco ValleyTelecommunications (PVT) is deploying an LTEnetwork in the states of New Mexico and Texas,which will operate under the Fuego Wireless brand.CDMA operator nTelos Wireless, which servesKentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Ohio, Virginia,and West Virginia is deploying an LTE networktargeting service launch by end 2013 in selectedmarkets. The company said devices will supportbands 2, 4 and 25.On January 25, 2011 the FCC mandated LTE for firstresponders (public safety communications).Mandating of a single technology by the FCC isunprecedented. The Order and FNPRM requires all700 MHz public safety mobile broadband networks to
May 10, 201310Evolution to LTE ReportWhite City. In 2013 the LTE network will be extendedto Dalmeny, Balgonie, Estevan, Moose Jaw, NorthBattleford, Prince Albert, Swift Current, Weyburn andYorkton. Future phases are dependent on SaskTelbeing successful in the 700 MHz auction expected inNovember 2013. VoLTE will be deployed in 2013.Sasktel has also awarded a trial contract using LTETDD to help determine the feasibility of wirelessbroadband and voice services for customers inpredominantly rural locations. The trial is beingconducted in rural locations in Saskatchewan andruns from December 2012 until August 2013.Wind Mobile confirmed an LTE trial in February2011.Videotron plans to deploy LTE.Rural WiMAX™ operator Xplornet Communicationsannounced on December 8, 2011 completion of LTETDD tests in 2.6 GHz and 3.5 GHz bands. The trialsdemonstrated a seamless LTE TDD option overexisting WiMAX infrastructure, offering a smoothmigration path from WiMAX™ to LTE TDD. The 3.5GHz trial used the same band that Xplornet uses forWiMAX™. The current network has 380 tower sites(early 2013). The 2.6 GHz trial was enabled by adevelopment license from regulator Industry Canada.Industry Canada is planning to auction 700 MHz(aligning with the US band plan) on November 19,2013 and auction 2.6 GHz spectrum within a year ofthe 700 MHz auction.Antigua and BarbudaDigicel launched commercial 4G LTE services using700 MHz (band 17) on November 6, 2012. LTEcovers 70% of the population (January 2013).ArgentinaTelefonica Movistar completed lab trials of LTE inMarch 2010, and a field trial in 2010 in Buenos Aires,in AWS spectrum.Personal tested LTE in Puerto Madero (June 2010),and in December 2010 announced a trial in Cordoba.Regulator SECOM announced on September 5, 2012it would allocate to state-owned operator Arsat all the850 MHz and 1900 MHz spectrum returned byMovistar when parent Telefonica bought some of theassets of former operator Movicom from Bell South.According to reports, spectrum in the AWS band willbe auctioned in 2013 for LTE network deployments.BahamasThe Utilities Regulation and Competition Authority(URCA) on August 13, 2012 awarded a 15 years 700MHz license (24 MHz) to BTC. The announcementfollowed evaluation of 5 license applications, two ofwhich were rejected as failing the minimum criteria,one application is pending approvals from otherbusiness investment and licensing bodies. The newlicense has coverage obligations. BTC hasexclusivity in mobile services to April 2014 and plansLTE network rollout from January 2013, with servicescommencing within a few months.Cable TV operator Cable Bahamas Limited (CBL) isalso expected to receive a license.BelizeBTL (DigiCell) is deploying an LTE upgrade to itsGSM network.BermudaFixed telecoms operator North RockCommunications has requested from the regulator alicense to deploy and operate an LTE network.BoliviaEntel Movil launched the country’s first commercialLTE service on December 16, 2012 in La Paz,Cochabamba and Santa Cruz in 700 MHz and plansLTE service in all 337 municipalities by mid-2014.Regulator Telecommunications and TransportSupervising and Regulating Authorities (ATT) isintending to auction spectrum in 2013, which isexpected to include blocks in 700 MHz, 900 MHz,1.7/2.1 GHz (AWS), 1.9 GHz & 2.6 GHz bands.BrazilThe auction of 2.6 GHz LTE spectrum by regulatorAnatel was concluded on June 12, 2012 with the
May 10, 201311Evolution to LTE Reportwinners being Vivo (2 x 20 MHz MHz), Claro (2 x 20MHz), TIM (2 x 10 MHz) and Oi (2 x 10 MHz). As noseparate bids for 450 MHz spectrum were made,regulator Anatel bundled the unsold channels with thenew 2.6 GHz concessions. Commercial LTE servicesare required to be launched in 2013 including thecities hosting the FIFA Confederations Cup footballmatches - Belo Horizonte, Brasilia, Fortaleza, Recife,Rio de Janeiro and Salvador by April 2013. Thetournament begins in June 2013. The auctionincluded spectrum suitable for TDD deployments,acquired by Sky Brasil Servicos and SunriseTelecomunicacoes, the latter for Sao Paulo state.Sky Brasil Servicos commercially launched 2.6 GHzLTE TDD (band 38) in Brasilia on December 13, 2011Sunrise changed its name to On Telecomunicacoesand commercially launched 2.6 GHz LTE TDDservice in band 38 in Itatiba, Louveira, Valinhos andVinhedo in March 2013. This will serve as a test bedfor possible expansion to all of Sao Paulo state.Claro commercially launched LTE FDD service onDecember 13, 2012 in Recife, Campos do Jordao,Buzios and Parat, using 2.6 GHz spectrum. Servicewas subsequently opened in Curitiba on January 29,2013 and Porto Alegre on March 7, 2013.Oi commercially launched LTE service on April 25,2013 in Rio de Janeiro. The company planned toextend LTE services to Belo Horizonte, Brasília.Fortaleza, Recife, and Salvador during May 2013.TIM and Oi use shared LTE network infrastructure inthe cities hosting the Confederations Cup matches.TIM Brasil commercially launched LTE service onApril 30, 2013 in the six Confederations Cup venues.Vivo commercially launched its LTE network on April30, 2013 in Sao Paulo in addition to the sixConfederations Cup venues.The Sao Paulo military police force is testing LTEin 700 MHz, trialling with 5 base stations. The BrazilArmy is testing LTE in 700MHz for public securitysolutions. The network was installed in September2011 at two sites in Brasilia covering Esplanada dosMinistérios, and Communications Center and theArmy Electronic Warfare (CCOMGEX)CPqD tested LTE in 450 MHz reportedly inCampinas. Tests were also made using 2.6 GHz.Algar Telecom (CTBC) has conducted LTE trials in850 MHz and 1800 MHz. Regulatory approval isneeded for commercial services in these frequencies.Anatel auctioned 15 lots of spectrum sub-bands onDecember 6, 2011 for USD 132.7 million. 39 lotswere not auctioned, including 29 for WiMAX™. TIM,Oi and Sercomtel bought spectrum in the 1800 MHzband. Claro bought spectrum in the 800 MHz band.Discussions are planned on use of 700 MHz afterdigital TV switchover (2016). Anatel has adopted theAPT700 band thus aligning with other countries in theregion including Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia,Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama and Uruguay.Anatel has put the matter to a public consultationwhich lasts for 45 days from February 21, 2013 afterwhich a public hearing will be held.3.5 GHz spectrum may be auctioned later.ChileRegulator Subtel announced in July 2012 thatMovistar, Entel and Claro had each won 2 x 20 MHzspectrum in the 2.6 GHz auction. Conditions includean obligation to roll out nationwide within 12 months.The other incumbents, Nextel and VTR, did not bid.In September 2012 Claro confirmed plans tocommercially launch LTE in 2013. A 100-user trialhas opened in Santiago.Entel PCS completed an LTE trial at the Universidadde Chile, selected its infrastructure system vendor,and is planning commercial launch in 2013.Movistar is deploying a commercial LTE network.Subtel confirmed adoption of the APT700 band planfor 700 MHz (FDD) which is scheduled to beauctioned for LTE deployments in mid-2013.ColombiaUNE-EPM launched commercial LTE service on June14, 2012 in 2.6 GHz spectrum in Bogotá andMedellín, gaining 40,000 subscriptions by end 2012.
May 10, 201312Evolution to LTE ReportThe Ministry of ICT (MinTIC) December 29, 2011invited expressions of interest to participate in anauction of Band IV (AWS), Band II (PCS1900) andBand VII (2.6 GHz) for 4G/LTE use. The auction wasdelayed and is expected to be start on June 26, 2013.10 companies confirmed interest in bidding, local aswell as foreign operators. Tigo intends to participateand confirmed plans to deploy a commercial LTEnetwork. Nextel and Avantel are amongst the newplayers expressing interest in the auctions. MinTICplans to auction for 4G/LTE:• 3 blocks of 30 MHz each in the AWSspectrum; one block reserved for new players• 3 blocks of 30 MHz and 1 block of 40 MHz in2.6 GHz spectrum; 1 block reserved for newplayers• 5 MHz of 3G/1.9 GHz will also be offeredThe proposed merger between Tigo and UNE-EPMreceived approval from the Medellin council on May6. Approval is required from regulatory authorities.Regulator ANE has adopted the APT700 band plan.Costa RicaClaro, ICE & Movistar are interested to deploy LTE.Pan Latin American WiMAX™ operator IBWInternational, with operations in Costa Rica, ElSalvador, Guatemala, and Nicaragua is planning tomigrate to 2.3 GHz LTE TDD technology.Dominican RepublicOrange Dominicana launched commercial LTEservice in Santo Domingo on July 9, 2012, using1800 MHz spectrum (LTE1800).Tricom commercially launched LTE using 1900 MHz(band 2) spectrum on March 18, 2013. The networkinitially covers the National District, metropolitan zoneof Santiago and other principal cities.EcuadorThe Telecommunication and Information SocietyMinistry (MINTEL) announced the NationalBroadband Plan is to be strengthened to assistdevelopment of high speed Internet access tounderserved areas. New measures include aresolution to implement LTE in all regions.Considering the benefits of the new mobiletechnologies, the Telecommunication and InformationSociety Ministry (MINTEL) and the National Secretaryof Telecommunications (SENATEL) organizedvarious events to demonstrate new mobiletechnologies like LTE, in order to increase thetechnological and social development. Thegovernment seeks to publicize the benefits of the newmobile technologies to the society in general.CONATEL advised GSA about several LTE-focusedevents and trials held or planned in Ecuador. WithLTE comes the opportunity to deploy networks andservices, in some areas for the first time. Thegovernment has developed the National BroadbandPlan, whose main objective is to provide Internetservices in underserved areas and technologicallyisolated amongst the main goals, to achieve by 2017at least 75% of Ecuadors population with access tobroadband. To help fulfill these goals and objectives,CONATEL approved the re-allocation of frequencybands for the introduction of IMT systems as follows:• 700 MHz band: 90 MHz• AWS band: 120 MHz• 2.5/2.6 GHz band: 190 MHzWith this decision, Ecuador continues taking concretesteps leading to the introduction of new technologiesto promote broadband access. (This information waskindly provided to GSA by CONATEL – August 2012).In October 2012 CONATEL announced its adoptionof the APT700 band plan.State-owned operator CNT has been allocated 30MHz in the 700 MHz band and 40 MHz in the1700/2100 MHz (AWS) band for its LTE network andplans to launch commercial service by June 2013.This allocation has the additional objective toencourage the deployment of telecommunicationsnetworks with new technologies such as LTEstandard, thereby facilitating the introduction ofmobile broadband services, whose benefits have animpact on the technical, social and economic issues.At the same time, CONATEL ordered the formation ofan Interagency Commission, in order to define theconditions and demands that the public operatorshould comply with for use of authorized frequency
May 10, 201313Evolution to LTE Reportblocks, which need to be consistent with the NationalBroadband Plan and Good Living Plan.CONATEL has also requested the InteragencyCommission to present alternatives for allocatingradio spectrum to private operators (established orincoming) in the bands that are currently allocated inthe National Frequency Plan for IMT services.El SalvadorPan Latin American WiMAX(™) operator IBWInternational, operating in Costa Rica, El Salvador,Guatemala, and Nicaragua, is planning to migrate itsoperations to 2.3 GHz LTE TDD technology.GuatemalaRegulator SIT said suitable bands for LTE include800 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, AWS, and 2.1 GHz.Pan Latin American WiMAX™ operator IBWInternational, operating in Costa Rica, El Salvador,Guatemala, and Nicaragua is planning to migrate itsoperations to 2.3 GHz LTE TDD technology.JamaicaClaro is reported to be deploying an LTE system.Digicel has agreed to acquire the company fromAmerica Movil. Further announcements are awaited.MexicoOn September 21, 2012 the regulator COFETELconfirmed its adoption of the APT band plan for 700MHz digital dividend spectrum. GSA welcomes thisimportant development which provided a strongsignal to the Latin American region - comment: Thisclearly shows how critical regulators viewinternational harmonization and spectrum efficiencyas being. Countries need to move forward in aconcerted and harmonized way to meet therequirements on economies of scale for devices andcapacity for mobile broadband.Telefónica commercially launched LTE in AWSspectrum on October 15, 2012 in Ciudad de México,and on October 30 in Guadalajara and Monterrey.Telefónica and Iusacell agreed a network sharingarrangement.Telcel commercially launched LTE in AWS spectrumfor post-paid customers on November 6, 2012 inMexico City, Guadalajara, Monterrey, Queretaro,Puebla, Ciudad Juarez, Tijuana, Hermosillo andMerida, planning to reach 26 markets by Q1 2013.The government plans to auction 700 MHz and 2.6GHz spectrum. In August 2012 the government said itwould not renew spectrum held in the 2.5/2.6 GHzband which would be recalled on expiry.NicaraguaPan Latin American WiMAX(™) operator IBWInternational, operating in Costa Rica, El Salvador,Guatemala, and Nicaragua is planning to migrate itsoperations to 2.3 GHz LTE TDD technology.PanamaCable and Wireless Panama is planning to deploy anLTE network and has identified a network partner.ParaguayPersonal commercially launched LTE service inrefarmed 1900 MHz spectrum on February 8, 2013,initially in Asuncion and surrounding areas. Networkexpansion depends on access to more spectrum.Regulator CONATEL plans to auction AWS spectrum.Vox (Copaco) launched commercial LTE service inAWS spectrum on February 18, 2013. Initially Voxlaunched service using 109 sites of which 89 servedAsuncion and the metro area, 14 were in Ciudad delEste, 5 in Encarnación and 1 in Pilar. A further 100sites are planned for activation in the coming months.Tigo is planning to deploy LTE in 2.6 GHz spectrumacquired from Grupo Clarin.PeruMovistar has trialled LTE. Ministerio de Transporte yComunicaciones del Perú is expected to auction 2blocks of AWS spectrum for LTE in 1H 2013.Puerto RicoAT&T Puerto Rico launched commercial LTE servicein 700 MHz on November 20, 2011 in San Juan, and
May 10, 201314Evolution to LTE Reportin Guayama, San German and Yauco in 2012. AT&Talso owns 2.6 GHz spectrum.Claro commercially launched 700 MHz LTE serviceon November 24, 2011 and one year later offeredservice for dongle, smartphone and tablet users.CDMA operator Open Mobile launched 700 MHzcommercial LTE service on April 19, 2012.Sprint Nextel announced commercial launch onDecember 18, 2012 in 1900 MHz spectrum.T Mobile USA is deploying LTE for launch in 2013.Aeronet Wireless Broadband is deploying a LTETDD network for backbone and customer accessusing leased 2.6 GHz spectrum.Turks & Caicos IslandsIn February 2013 Digicel (700 MHz Lower B and C)and Islandcom (700 MHz Upper C) received licencesto deploy commercial LTE networks. LIME did not wina licence. Digicel plans 75% population coveragewithin 18 months and 98% within 30 months.UruguayAntel launched commercial LTE services onDecember 13, 3011 in AWS spectrum in Montevideoand Punta del Este. Antel has requested access to700 MHz for LTE and awaits the regulator’s decision,and has announced plans for nationwide deployment.In May 2012 the government passed a Decreegoverning DTT implementation. Digital broadcastingwill start within 12 months and the analog switch offwill take place on November 21, 2015.In March 2013 regulator URSEC announced that anaward of spectrum had been made to the 3incumbent mobile operators following a tenderprocess for 900 MHz, 1900 MHz and AWS spectrum.No bids were made for 900 MHz spectrum.Movistar won 4 blocks of 1900 MHz spectrum.Claro won 2 blocks of 1900 MHz and 2 blocks ofAWS spectrum.Antel did not take part in the auction and had to payfor reserved spectrum of 1 block in 900 MHz and 4blocks of AWS.Claro intends to deploy a commercial LTE network inits newly-acquired AWS spectrum.Movistar is committed to deploy an LTE network.Wireless broadband company Dedicado is planningto invest US$ 5 million in deployment of “4Motion”network using WiMAX™ and LTE in 3.5 GHz.US Virgin IslandsAT&T Mobility is deploying LTE on St Croix and StThomas targeting commercial service in 2013.VenezuelaRegulator Conatel issued an invitation for theallocation of 35 MHz paired spectrum bands:1930-1940 MHz paired with 1850-1860 MHz (band 2)1945-1955 MHz paired with 1865-1875 MHz (band 2)1810-1825 MHz paired with 1715-1730 MHz (band 3)Applications were required by June 6, 2012.Movilnet, Movistar, Digitel responded. Digitel wasawarded 30 MHz of spectrum in 1800 MHz and 1900MHz. Movilnet and Movistar each received 20 MHzof extra spectrum in those bandsDigitel has announced plans to use part of its 1800MHz spectrum to launch LTE1800-based service.Movilnet currently uses band 2 for HSPA and hasbeen testing LTE.WiMAX™ operator Movilmax has a nationwidelicense with 48 MHz of 2.6 GHz spectrum andannounced the company is migrating to LTE.On March 25, 2013 Conatel launched a consultationconcerning 2.6 GHz spectrum which could be usedfor LTE. Comments are required by April 9, 2013.
May 10, 201315Evolution to LTE ReportAsia Pacific and OceaniaAfghanistanEtisalat Afghanistan claims completion of an LTEtrial. The regulatory position is unclear.AustraliaAll three mobile operators are deploying LTE1800.Telstra commercially launched LTE1800 service onSeptember 27, 2011 in capital city CBDs (centralbusiness districts) and more than 30 regional andmetropolitan centers. The NextG network upgradeuses Telstra’s existing 1800 MHz spectrum refarmedto deliver LTE to areas where traffic demand is mostconcentrated and is integrated with Telstra’s existingHSPA+ service in the 850MHz band. Telstra offersdual mode LTE/HSPA+ mobile broadband devices forseamless operation across 1800 MHz and 850 MHz.Telstra is trialling IMS but says it will not rush intovoice until coverage is ubiquitous on the LTE layer.Telstra announced activation of its 1,000thLTE basestation in May 2012. On November 1, 2012 Telstrareported LTE service availability in 100 major capitalsand regional centers, 40% LTE population coverage(rising to 66% by June 2013), 820,000 4Gsubscriptions at October 2012, and over 100,000iPhone 5’s connected in the previous 4 weeks.In February 2013 Telstra announced plans to deployLTE in re-farmed 900 MHz spectrum – some sites arerunning already - and is currently trialling LTE-Advanced technologies. Some 2100 MHz spectrumwill also be used in the LTE network. Telstra alsoacquired new APT700 and 2.6 GHz spectrum in therecent auction – see below.Also see Telstra blog (by Mike Wright)http://exchange.telstra.com.au/2013/05/07/mobile-spectrum-auction-resultOptus conducted an LTE1800 trial for 1,000+ usersin Newcastle and Hunter Valley areas of New SouthWales. Commercial LTE service launch for smallbusiness, enterprise and government customers inSydney and Perth was confirmed on July 31, 2012using LTE1800, before a wider launch on September4, 2012. The Optus 4G (LTE1800) network nowcovers areas of Adelaide, Sydney, Perth, Newcastle,Melbourne, Brisbane and the Gold Coast. Optusacquired Vivid Wireless giving access to 98 MHz of2.3 GHz spectrum. Optus has opened its trial networkfor LTE TDD at the Optus Campus in Macquarie Parkand St Marys in western Sydney. The first publicdemonstration achieved peak site throughput speedsover 200 Mbps and a consistent per-user rangebetween 25 Mbps and 87 Mbps. In May 2012 Optusand Vodafone announced a major site sharingroaming deal, subject to ACCC approval. Optus alsoacquired new APT700 and 2.6 GHz spectrum in therecent auction – see below.Vodafone Hutchison Australia (VHA) confirmedresults of its first LTE1800 trial in Q4 2010 inNewcastle, NSW using 10 MHz of 1800 MHz. Asecond trial in Sydney followed. In September 2011VHA announced that an agreement between thecompany and the Australasian Railway Association,which holds licences for 1800 MHz spectrum, tocreate contiguous blocks of spectrum in NSW,Victoria and South Australia, had been approved bythe Australian Communications and Media Authority(ACMA). VHA will use 20 MHz of 1800 MHz(LTE1800) for commercial services. Upgrading of thenetwork (around 5,800 2G and 3G base station sites)is underway. The company confirmed commercialLTE1800 service will be launched in June 2013.NBN Co was established to design, build and operatethe national broadband network and is deploying2.3GHz LTE TDD for fixed-wireless broadband toserve rural Australia with download speeds of up to12 Mbps and upload speeds reaching 1 Mbps,ensuring a significant improvement on existingservices. NBN Co launched LTE TDD commercialwholesale services to customers on 2 April, 2012.There are currently 15 service providers who areaccredited to provide services over the network andNBN Co is installing services for them across fourlocations in Australia, expanding to a nationalfootprint covering 4% of the population by the end of2015. This locks in with the same product set beingoffered over fibre and satellite to make the totalpicture of 100% population coverage. Retail pricepackages are available from *SkyMesh, iiNet, andActiv8Me (source: NBN Co provided to GSA)EnergyAustralia’s Ausgrid trialled an LTE platformat 15 sites in 2011, with the intent to migrate to a full
May 10, 201316Evolution to LTE ReportLTE network. EnergyAustralia was chosen by theGovernment to lead the Smart Grid, Smart Citydemonstration project to test Australia’s first fullyintegrated, commercial-scale smart grid.WiMAX™ operator BigAir manages one of thelargest metropolitan fixed wireless networks inAustralia and has confirmed plans to deploy LTE forcommercial service, expected in the 2013 timeframe.An auction by ACMA of 700 MHz APT700 digitaldividend spectrum (for use from January 1, 2015) and2.6 GHz spectrum (for use from October 1, 2014 inmost places) began on April 23, 2013. Results wereannounced on May 7, 2013. All three bidders—OptusMobile, Telstra and TPG Internet—secured spectrumin the auction, resulting in total revenues of nearlyAUS$2 billion. Vodafone Hutchison Australiawithdrew before the auction.Results summary:APT700 band winners:Optus 2 x 10 MHzTelstra 2 x 20 MHz2.6 GHz band winners:Optus 2 x 20 MHzTelstra 2 x 40 MHzTPG Internet 2 x 10 MHzMore information with prices:http://engage.acma.gov.au/digitaldividend/digital-dividend-auction-results/TPG Internet is a nationwide fixed telecoms serviceprovider and holds international assets (submarinecable). The company plans to deploy LTE.ACMA is consulting on proposals for prioritizing morespectrum for mobile broadband including changingthe status of the 3.4 – 3.6 GHz band to “primary” from“secondary”, and is suitable for LTE. ACMA is alsoevaluating the merits of using the 400 MHz band forinteroperable government wireless communications.BangladeshThe Ministry of Post and Telecommunications haspublished a draft proposal for awarding 6 combined3G and LTE licences; 50 MHz of 1900 MHz spectrumin five lots of 10 MHz paired is being made available.www.mopt.gov.bd/all%20backup/Draft_3G_4G_LTE_Guideline.pdfBhutanBhutan Telecom is deploying a network upgrade thatincludes LTE1800 initially for the capital, Thimpu.BruneiRegulator AITI is consulting on releasing spectrum inthe 1800 MHz band suitable for LTE deployments.Comments were required by December 14, 2012.ChinaChina Mobile built its TD-SCDMA network so thatsites and other elements are reusable for LTE TDD.China Mobile ran a pilot of LTE TDD technology untilSeptember 2011 using 850 base stations in 6 cities inPhase 1 working with several infrastructure, devicesand chipset vendors. This followed a large-scaleshowcase trial network during the 2010 World Expo inShanghai. The second phase of trials involved 13cities and 7 suppliers and trial LTE TDD networkshave recently been activated in 2 new cities -Hangzhou and Wenzhou in Zhejiang province. ChinaMobile plans to have 200,000 LTE TDD base sitescovering more than 100 cities by end 2013.Commercial service launch is anticipated in 2013-2014 timeframe. China Mobile has 1.9 GHz, 2.0 GHz,2.3 GHz and 2.6 GHz bands (classified as F, A, Eand D bands). Trials use the D and F bands. ChinaMobile will initially procure 1.24 million TD-LTEterminal devices, made up of 800,000 portable Mi-Fihotspots, 320,000 indoor CPE units and 120,000dongles, according to press reports. China Mobileexpects LTE TDD smartphones to be launched in Q32013.During ITU Telecom World, Dubai, October, 2012 itwas announced that Chinas Ministry of Industry andInformation Technology MIIT has decided to allocate2.6GHz (band 41 – as used by Sprint, USA) rangingfrom 2500-2690 MHz i.e. the entire band of 190 MHzfor the deployment and application of LTE TDD. Thisannouncement made at the most authoritativemeeting offered great confidence in the developmentof LTE TDD to the global industry and market.
May 10, 201317Evolution to LTE ReportAccording to reports, MIIT also announced in October2012 that 60 MHz in each of the 1800 MHz and 2100MHz bands, i.e. a total of 120 MHz, will be allocatedfor LTE FDD FDD-LTE.China Telecom plans to launch an LTE service,expected in 2013, which will be integrated with CDMAsystems in 17 provinces.LTE deployment timescales of China Unicom, whichis testing FDD, are unclear at this time.In Hong Kong SAR, 2 x 15 MHz blocks of 2.6 GHzspectrum were obtained via auction each by ChinaMobile HK (Peoples Phone), Genius Brand(Hutchison Telecom/PCCW JV) and CSL Limited.On November 25, 2010 CSL Limited commerciallylaunched its combined LTE2600/1800/DC-HSPA+network for corporate services, extended to allcustomers on May 16, 2011. LTE1800 sites havebeen added incrementally. Although the first LTE1800site was on air at the initial launch, now LTE1800 ismore widely available in several in-building locationsand in general commercial use (shown in this reportto be from November 2011 as advised to us by CSL).Genius Brand is deploying a city-wide LTE network ofapproximately 2,000 base stations on whichHutchison and PCCW operate their respectivecommercial LTE services.PCCW launched commercial LTE service in 2.6 GHzspectrum on April 25, 2012. Its Mobile (+Wi-Fi)broadband service “Netvigator Everywhere” issupported by territory-wide 42Mbps DC-HSPA+service integrated with the company’s 100 Mbps Wi-Fi (almost 10,000 hotspots) in an auto-connect/ trafficoff-load arrangement. LTE using 1800 MHz(LTE1800) was brought into commercial service inSeptember 2012. From January 22, LTE coveragewill be expanded to include the major MTR lines (theHong Kong underground train network).Hutchison 3 HK is deploying a combined LTE FDDand TDD network and in the first phase launched itscommercial LTE FDD service using 2.6 GHzspectrum on May 2, 2012. LTE using 1800 MHz(LTE1800) was brought into commercial service inOctober 2012. The LTE TDD mode is expected toenter service in 2013.SmarTone announced commercial LTE1800 launchon August 28, 2012 with service available to selectedcustomers by invitation, then generally available tocustomers on September 11. The company confirmedthat LTE coverage would be available at the first MTRunderground station (at Admiralty) on October 15,2012. Rollout across all MTR stations and adjoiningtunnels is expected to be completed in early 2013.On February 6, 2012 regulator OFCA announced theauction results after 6 bidding rounds for 90 MHz of2.3 GHz spectrum for BWA services, divided into 3 x30 MHz blocks. 30 MHz blocks were won each byHutchison Telephone Company Limited, ChinaMobile Hong Kong Company Limited, and newentrant 21 ViaNet Group Limited.China Mobile HK launched commercial LTE FDDservices in 2.6 GHz on April 25, 2012 andcommercially launched 2.3 GHz LTE TDD inDecember 2012. The world’s first bi-directionalhandover between LTE FDD and TDD on a livenetwork was announced by Ericsson and ChinaMobile HK on June 20, 2012.OFCA is auctioning spectrum in the 2.6 GHz range,offering five blocks of 2 x 5 MHz in the 2515 – 2540MHz and 2635 – 2660 MHz range. The auctioninvolved 5 bidders (China Mobile Hong Kong, ChinaUnicom (Hong Kong), CSL Limited, Genius Brand,and SmarTone), beginning on March 18, 2013 andending on March 19, 29013 after 18 rounds ofbidding. China Unicom failed to gain any spectrum.GuamIT&E announced launch of LTE commercial serviceson June 28, 2012 – initially for business only, using700 MHz, extended to other users in early July 2012as “4G LTE Wireless Data Network for the Home”.DoCoMo Pacific announced launch of LTEcommercial services in 700 MHz on October 4, 2012.iConnect commercially launched LTE service using700 MHz spectrum on March 20, 2013.IndiaThe 2.3 GHz BWA auction began with 11 companiesbidding for 2 blocks in each of the 22 circles. The
May 10, 201318Evolution to LTE Reportgovernment had earlier allocated one 20 MHzunpaired spectrum block each to MTNL and BSNL.Tikona Digital Networks won spectrum in 5 circlesand is committed to deploy LTE TDD. Commerciallaunch is expected in 2H 2013.Qualcomm and Bharti Airtel won 4 circles each.Qualcomm gained spectrum in the key circles ofDelhi, Mumbai, Haryana and Kerala, announcedGlobal Holding Corporation and Tulip Telecom asinitial shareholders for its LTE venture for networkdeployment, and started trials. In May 2012 it wasannounced that Bharti Airtel will buy 49% of theQualcomm license (Qualcomm Asia Pacific – QAP),comprising the 26% owned by Global HoldingCorporation and Tulip Telecom, plus a further 23% ofthe company (according to reports, as a first step totaking full ownership in 2014). Bharti Airtel has BWAlicences in four other circles - Kolkata, Karnataka,Punjab and Maharashtra. Bharti Airtel is a member ofthe Global TD-LTE Initiative.On April 10, 2012 Bharti Airtel commerciallylaunched India’s first LTE service (TDD) in Kolkata.Commercial LTE service opened in Bangalore onMay 7, 2012 then Pune on October 18, 2012. Serviceopened in Chandigarh, Mohali and Panchkula inMarch 2013. Airtel is considering expansion to NewDelhi and Mumbai with spectrum acquired from theQualcomm Asia Pacific Indian BWA operation.Aircel won BWA spectrum in eight circles and plansto commercially launch LTE TDD service in 2013,initially in Chennai and Tamilnadu.Infotel Broadband was the only pan-India winner,and was later bought by Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL).Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL) is deploying an LTETDD network for commercial launch in 2013. RILplans to trial VoLTE.BSNL had acquired BWA spectrum licences in the2.6 GHz band in 22 circles for $1.6 billion. BSNL andMTNL are studying introducing LTE TDD possibly inaddition to current WiMAX deployments.Videocon is deploying a commercial LTE1800network in 6 circles targeting service launch 2H 2013.It was announced in March 2013 that SSTL biddingunder the name of MTS had secured new (formerlyCDMA) 800 MHz spectrum and technology neutrallicences in 8 circles following a recent auction. Thecompany is considering deploying LTE at a later date.Regulator TRAI is consulting on 700 MHz spectrumand IMT-Advanced (incl. LTE-Advanced) systems.IndonesiaTelkomsel, XL Axiata, and Indosat have beentrialling LTE and plan to deploy networks. Indosattrialled LTE in 2.6 GHz in 2010 and in October 2011announced completion of an LTE1800 trial in 10 MHzbandwidth in Surabaya and Denpasar in Bali. Indosatplans to deploy LTE in re-farmed 1800 MHzspectrum. Some operators have called for newspectrum in the 700 MHz to be allocated for LTEfollowing an analog to digital TV broadcast migration.CDMA operator Bakrie Telecom plans to introduceLTE following a trial phase.Regulator SDPPI is consulting on the use of 2300 –2360 MHz spectrum (part of Band 40) for BWAservices, which could lead to licences being awarded.PT Indosat Mega Media (IM2), subsidiary of PTIndosat Tbk (ISAT), selected LTE TDD technology in2.3 GHz spectrum won in an auction for a BWAlicense in 2009, planning commercial service in 2013.The government is scheduled to complete regulationsfor 4G introduction including LTE by the end of 2013.JapanNTT DoCoMo launched Japan’s first commercial LTEsystem on December 24, 2010 in 2.1 GHz spectrumunder the “Xi™” brand, in Tokyo, Nagoya and Osaka.DoCoMo aims to cover 98% of population with LTEby March 2015 and is targeting 30 million LTEsubscriptions by this date. DoCoMo announced that 7million LTE subscribers was passed during December2012 i.e. in less than 2 years since LTE servicelaunch and on February 19, 2013 announced that itsLTE customer base had passed 10 million mark,having doubled in the previous 6 months. NTTDoCoMo has also launched LTE in 1.5 GHz (band21) and plans to begin installing APT700 FDD
May 10, 201319Evolution to LTE Reportcompatible base stations in readiness for when thisband is allowed for commercial LTE use in 2015.KDDI launched commercial LTE service onSeptember 21, 2012 and continues to operate its 800MHz CDMA network for voice traffic. The LTE servicewas launched in 2.1 GHz spectrum (band 1) to alignwith the LTE band support offered by the iPhone 5,which KDDI also introduced on the same day. Otherphones will use 2.1 GHz later, and 800/1500 MHzspectrum will also be used for deployments in future.eAccess launched commercial LTE service using 1.7GHz on March 15, 2012 (this is band 9, which iswithin LTE1800 band 3. A band 9 device will not workon all band 3 networks). Coverage is scheduled tocover 99% of population of Tokyo, Osaka andNagoya by end June 2012.Softbank Mobile, a member of the Global TD-LTEInitiative, commercially launched XGP/LTE TDDservices on February 24, 2012 via its affiliatedcompany Wireless City Planning which followed apre-commercial pilot service starting on November 1,2011 and which owns the operating license. Thecoverage area includes Sapporo, Saitama, Chiba,Tokyo, Yokohama, Kawasaki, Nagoya, Osaka, Kobe,Fukuoka, Fukuoka City, Kitakyushu City and covers30 cities. The first device offered was the "ULTRAWiFi 4G SoftBank 101SI” portable router. Asmartphone was introduced in October 2012. Thenetwork is deployed in 20 MHz of 2.5 GHz spectrum(band 41) bought from Willcom (PHS operator) andhad 997,200 subscribers as of February 2013. ByOctober 31, 2012 over 17,000 eNodeBs deployed.Softbank Mobile owns licences to operate mobilesystems in 2.1GHz FDD (band 1), 1.5 GHz (band 11)and 900 MHz (band 8), and commercially launchedits LTE FDD service in band 1 on September 21,2012 at the same time as introducing the iPhone 5.The LTE FDD service is considered by GSA to be aseparate network and business from the LTE TDDdeployment mentioned earlier.Softbank Corp. will acquire domestic rival eAccessLtd. through a stock swap deal valued at $2.3 billion,which will provide Softbank not only with moresubscribers, but additional radio spectrum (band 9)which e-Access currently uses for its services.Softbank has announced plans to buy 70% of SprintNextel (USA) for $20.1 billion. The deal requires theapproval of shareholders and regulators, and couldbe completed by mid-2013.Softbank has formed a partnership with Thailandsstate-owned operator TOT, which will focus on jointdevelopment of a 2.3 GHz LTE TDD network usingTOTs allocation of 64 MHz bandwidth. It is likely thatthe LTE network will be used for mobile backhaul forWi-Fi access points and mobile cell sites.NTT DoCoMo, KDDI and eAccess were granted 700MHz spectrum according to the APT700 FDD bandplan in June 2012 for LTE deployments, which can bebrought into use from early 2015. It is understood that1800 MHz spectrum may be allocated for LTEservices in Japan in future.KiribatiTelecom Services Kiribati Ltd (TSKL) is deployinga commercial LTE network using 700 MHz spectrum.LaosOn May 15, 2012 the Ministry of Post andTelecommunication awarded a license to BeelineLao to deploy LTE. Testing is currently underway inVientiane using 1800 MHz and 2.6 GHz spectrum.Coverage will open initially in Vientiane. Commercialservice launch is expected in 2013.Lao Telecommunications Company (LTC) isdeploying an LTE network that is expected to entercommercial service for the public in 2013.MalaysiaRegulator MCMC named 9 recipients of 20 MHz of2.6 GHz spectrum: DiGi, Celcom Axiata, Maxis, UMobile, WiMAX operators Asiaspace, P1, REDtoneInternational, YTL Communications (Yes brand) andPuncak Semangat Sdn Bhd which received 30 MHz.A number of parties have enquired about access to700 MHz, which MCMC is considering. MCMC is alsoconsulting on re-farming 850/900/1800 MHz.Maxis launched the country’s first commercial LTEservice on January 1, 2013 in 2.6 GHz spectrum,initially modem-based, following two years of trials.
May 10, 201320Evolution to LTE ReportU Mobile announced on March 15, 2011 plans tolaunch a commercial LTE network in 2.6 GHz.In October 2011 Maxis and U Mobile signed an activeRAN sharing agreement covering LTE.Celcom Axiata commercially launched its LTEservice in the Klang Valley. Customers need to buy adongle and initially get 3 months free access. By Q32013 Celcom palns to have 300 sites live, rising to1,500 sites by 2015.Celcom Axiata and Maxis are reported to bediscussing 900/1800 MHz re-farming.DiGi is upgrading over 5,000 sites, and plans tolaunch LTE in 2.6 GHz in 2013.WiMAX™ operator Packet One Networks P1(Malaysia) is upgrading its 2.3 GHz network with anLTE TDD overlay. P1 says it will focus on LTE TDD in2013. P1 base stations are dual-mode WiMAX™ andLTE TDD capable and by end 2012 had 2,300WiMAX™ sites, 50% are LTE TDD ready. P1 expectsto have 4,000–5,000 LTE TDD sites by 2015.WiMAX™ operator Asiaspace has confirmed its planto launch LTE TDD in 2.3 GHz in 2013.Maxis and REDtone signed an infrastructure andspectrum sharing agreement in July 2012. Bothcompanies plan to launch their LTE services in 2013.MyanmarMobile operator Myanmar Posts andTelecommunications advised GSA that 1800 MHz (20MHz) has recently been standardized for LTE FDDservice and will be trial launched in 2013.NepalNcell approached the Nepal Telecom Authority inOctober 2010 for a license and spectrum for LTE.Shareholder TeliaSonera is keen to proceed ifpermission and spectrum are granted. GSAunderstands that discussions with NTA continue.Nepal Telecom is deploying a 2.3 GHz LTE TDDnetwork following spectrum assignment in 2011.Deployment is scheduled to be completed within 1year of contract sign date (announced Feb 2012). Atcompletion, 58 municipalities and all 3,915 VDCs willbe connected (a VDC is the lower administrative partof its local development ministry). A trial using theFDD mode in 700 MHz spectrum may be undertaken.New ZealandVodafone New Zealand launched the country’s firstLTE commercial service on February 28, 2013 inAuckland, using 1800 MHz spectrum (LTE1800). SixLTE-capable devices were offered at launch. Serviceis scheduled to reach Christchurch (May 2013),Wellington (September 2013) and 15 more cities byend 2013.Telecom New Zealand showcased LTE in Aucklandin 2011, launching trials there and in Wellington onDecember 7, 2012. 700 MHz, 1800 MHz and 2.6 GHzspectrum is being used. The company planscommercial launch in Auckland by October 2013.Kordia is considering an upgrade of its 2.3 GHz ruralmobile network to LTE.Woosh is considering an upgrade of its 2.3 GHz ruralmobile network to LTE. Woosh is a member of theGlobal TD-LTE Initiative.The government has adopted the APT700 FDD bandplan and will auction spectrum in 9 paired 5 MHzblocks in Q3 2013 for use from January 1, 2014.Details about the auction format, rules, andimplementation requirements are in development.Vodafone is trialling APT700 spectrum in the LakeBrunner area of the South Islands West Coast. Thetrial will last until end July 2013.The PhilippinesFollowing a period of limited commercial LTE servicebeginning in Boracay in April 2011 then extended toadditional locations including Cebu and Davao,Smart Communications commercially launchedwider LTE service on August 25, 2012 in MetroManila using 2.1 GHz (band 1). Commercial LTEservice was also launched using 1800 MHz (LTE1800– band 3) on September 5, 2012. To further extendcoverage, 850 MHz spectrum (band 5) was broughtinto use on September 14, 2012. By end April 2013
May 10, 201321Evolution to LTE Reportover 1,000 LTE sites were active in over 115 citiesand municipalities. Smart is conducting LTE TDDtechnology trials.Globe Telecom launched commercial LTE1800service under the Tattoo broadband brand onSeptember 28, 2012 in Makati City, with plans toquickly expand to cover Manila, Cebu, Davao andselect regions.Bayan Telecommunications indicated interest todeploy LTE in existing 1800 MHz spectrum.SingaporeM1 launched commercial LTE services in the financialdistrict on June 21, 2011 initially using 2.6 GHz, laterintroducing LTE1800. Nationwide coverage usingdual band was announced on September 15, 2012.StarHub tested LTE in 2.6 GHz and 1800 MHz. AnLTE1800 network in refarmed 1800 MHz wascommercially launched on September 19, 2012 in theCentral Business District (CBD), Changi Airport andSingapore Expo. StarHub plans to trial VoLTE.SingTel launched commercial LTE service onDecember 22, 2011 in 1800 MHz and 2.6 GHzspectrum. Initial service using dongles was in theCentral Business District, and planned to extend tohigh data usage regions. 80% coverage of Singaporeis targeted by 2012, extending to island-wide by early2013. SingTel also trialled LTE overseas with carriersin which it holds stakes i.e. SingTel Optus (Australia),Telkomsel (Indonesia), Globe Telecom (Philippines).SingTel announced in May 2013 the company hadachieved nationwide coverage and upgraded itsnetwork to Cat 4 (peak downlink speed of 150 Mbps).Regulator IDA plans to auction 1800 MHz, 2.3 GHz,and 2.6 GHz spectrum. QMax Communications hasbeen assigned channels in the 2.3 GHz band, and the2.6 GHz band is shared between M1, PacketOne,SingTel Mobile and StarHub for which rights willexpire on June 30, 2015. The1800 MHz spectrum iscurrently assigned to SingTel Mobile, StarHub Mobile,and M1, and will expire on March 31, 2017. IDAseeks to attract new market entrants. For 4G servicesin the 1800 MHz band, IDA plans to allocate 140 MHzi.e. 2 x 70 MHz paired for LTE FDD. For the 2.3 GHzband, 30 MHz will be allocated and will likely be fordeployment of LTE TDD. IDA plans to allocate 150MHz of 2.6 GHz i.e. 2 x 60 MHz paired, and 30 MHzunpaired. IDA said operators that successfully bid forat least 30 MHz of spectrum in the 2.3 GHz and 2.6GHz bands will be required to provide nationwide 4Gsystems and coverage by June 30, 2016 - one yearafter existing licences expire.South KoreaLG U Plus launched LTE service on July 1 2011 in850 MHz (band 5) spectrum and announcednationwide coverage had been reached in April 2012throughout all cities, counties, and towns. Multi-carrierwas commercialized multi-carrier in July 2012 and willbe applied in up to 84 cities by end July 2013 using2.1 GHz spectrum. In addition, the company plans toutilize LTE capacity to efficiently support traffic areasby using Small Cell architecture, including picocells(April 2013) and femtocells (July 2013).Also, the LTE network will deliver LTE and HD voicewithout WCDMA support in Q3 2013. LG U Plus hadearlier launched commercial HD voice (W-AMR)VoLTE service in August 2012. The company willcommercialize LTE-Advanced in Q3 2013, deployingtechnologies such as CoMP, eICIC, eSON, etc.SK Telecom launched commercial LTE service inSeoul on July 1, 2011 in10 MHz in Band 5 (850 MHz).The company brought forward it’s nationwide (84cities) coverage date to April 1, 2012. In December2011 SK Telecom started deploying dual-modefemtocells with LTE and Wi-Fi which, according to theSmall Cell Forum, were the first LTE femtocells on acommercial network. In May 2012 SK Telecomannounced of multi-carrier trials (LTE-Advanced) toallow combining of Band 5 and Band 3 spectrum forLTE. SK Telecom won 20 MHz of 1800 MHzspectrum in the recent auction. Their multi-carrierLTE service was launched on July 1, 2012, extendingacross all of Seoul by end 2012 and to 23 other majorcities by early 2013. SK Telecom says this is theworlds first commercialization of Multi Carrier. SKTelecom confirmed it had 7 million LTE subscribers(December 12, 2012), and ahead of forecast.SK Telecom announced start of international LTEroaming service with Globe Telecom (ThePhilippines) on 1 April 2013, thus adding to its
May 10, 201322Evolution to LTE Reportexisting roaming agreements with CSL Limited (HongKong) from June 1, 2012) and SingTel from March 1,2013. SK Telecom has also announced plans tolaunch quad-band LTE devices (850 MHz, 1800 MHz,2.1 GHz and 2.6 GHz) during Q2 2013.SK Telecom launched commercial HD Voice (W-AMR) VoLTE service in August 2012.KT commercially launched LTE services in Seoul onJanuary 3, 2012. LTE is deployed in re-farmed 1800MHz (Band 3) spectrum (LTE1800). KT announcedon April 23, 2012 that LTE coverage is available in 84cities. The company said it could launch VoLTEservice in October 2012. KT was estimated to have3.9 million LTE subscribers by December 2012.Regulator KCC conducted an auction in August 2011of spectrum blocks in 800, 1800 MHz and 2.1 GHzbands. SK Telecom and KT were barred frombidding for 2.1 GHz spectrum. Winners gainimmediate access to the new spectrum except for800 MHz that will be allocated from July 2012. SKTelecom won 20 MHz of 1800 MHz spectrum. KTwon 10 MHz of 800 MHz spectrum. LG U Plus won20 MHz in 2.1 GHz and will deploy LTE in this band.South Korea had more than 20 million LTEsubscriptions by end March 2013 and this figure istargeted to reach 30 million by end 2013.Sri LankaDialog Axiata commercially launched an LTE TDDnetwork in 2.3 GHz (band 40) on December 30, 2012in Colombo. Dialog later acquired 10 MHz of 1800MHz by auction and commercially launched LTE1800on April 2, 2013 in Colombo. The LTE TDD systemcontinues to be developed for fixed wireless services.Mobitel announced on May 6, 2011 completion of anLTE trial and launched commercial LTE1800 serviceon December 31, 2012.Etisalat is deploying a commercial LTE network inanticipation of a license award in 2013.TaiwanOn August 24 2012 the regulator NCC announcedthat spectrum in 700, 900 and 1800 MHz bands,totaling 135 MHz x 2, will be auctioned and licenceswill be technology-neutral. Spectrum will be auctionedin 5 MHz paired blocks. Prospective mobilebroadband operators may need to bid for one or moreblocks in order to achieve the resources required. Alimit may be set on the number of sub 1GHz channelsthat an operator can hold. Further consultation isongoing on the auction rules and license terms. Theauction is expected to be held in December 2013.The APT recommendation for the 700 MHz band(APT/AWF/REP-14, Sep 2010) i.e. APT700 is beingfollowed.Chunghwa Telecom trialled LTE in 2.6 GHz and 700MHz and completed LTE FDD and TDD tests on thehigh-speed rail system using 2.6 GHz. FarEasToneand China Mobile are co-operating on an LTE TDDtrial in Taipei. The National Chiao Tung Universityconducted an LTE TDD trial in 2010. BWA operatorsGlobal Mobile, Tatung, FET and VMAX havetechnology-neutral licences and can apply to deploydifferent technologies, e.g. LTE. WiMAX™ operatorGlobal Mobile has requested approval to amend itslicence to allow a switch to LTE TDD and begantesting. PHS and WiMAX™ operator Fitel trialled LTETDD for a year from July 1, 2011 in Taoyuan, and isexpected to request the NCC to allow migration fromWiMAX to LTE if their trial proves successful.ThailandRegulator NBTC has approved trialling of LTE in 2.3GHz and 1800 MHz.TOT partnered its concession holder AIS to trial 2.3GHz LTE TDD in 20 MHz of its total 64 MHzallocation, using 20 base stations in central Bangkok.Softbank has formed a partnership with Thailandsstate-owned operator TOT, which will focus on jointdevelopment of a 2.3 GHz LTE TDD network usingTOTs allocation of 64 MHz bandwidth. It is likely thatthe LTE network will be used for mobile backhaul forWi-Fi access points and mobile cell sites.The first test phase ran until May 2012. AISsubsidiary Digital Phone Co joined with CATTelecom to test LTE1800 from mid-January 2012 inMaha Sarakham. The trial had 8 sites and ran untilMarch 2012. TOT planned new trials involving up to400 sites using 30 MHz of 2.3 GHz spectrum.
May 10, 201323Evolution to LTE ReportTrue Move commercially launched LTE service onMay 8, 2013 using 2100 MHz spectrum.DTAC – rebranded as TriNet, is preparing to launchLTE in refarmed 1800 MHz spectrum (LTE1800).NBTC has tentatively decided on Q3 2014 to re-sell25 MHz of 1800 MHz spectrum due for return whenlicences expire in September 2013. LTE deploymentsin 1800 MHz will be allowed (LTE1800).VietnamRegulator MIC has authorized trials by VNPT, Viettel,FPT Telecom, CMC, VTC, EVN Telecom and Gtel.RusViet Telecom trialled an LTE network in 2010 inHanoi. Viettel said in May 2011 it had started testingan LTE deployment in Hanoi and HCM City, offeringdongle-based services to 240 friendly users.Digital dividend spectrum (700 MHz) will be allocatedafter analog TV switchover to digital; this process isscheduled to begin in 2015 in the big cities.The Vietnam government announced in June 2012that state-owned operators Vinaphone andMobiFone are to merge (subject to approvals).The Authority of Radio Frequency Management isreported as saying that LTE-based licensing of 4Gwill be delayed until 2015 unless there is a significantpick up in the market for high-speed data services.EuropeAbkhazAquafon announced that LTE testing was performedin Suchumi in co-operation with Megafon.AndorraAndorra Telecom plans to deploy LTE in 2013.ArmeniaVivaCell-MTS commercially launched LTE inYerevan on December 28, 2011 in 2.6 GHz spectrum.Orange organized a public demonstration of LTE atthe Orange Flagship Store November 4-5, 2010 andhas committed to deploy a commercial LTE network.ArmenTel (Beeline/Vimpelcom) plans to deploy LTE.AustriaRegulator TKK completed the 2.6 GHz auction onSeptember 20, 2010, raising €39.5m from A1Telekom, Hutchison 3, T-Mobile and Orange. 14paired and 9 unpaired blocks were sold. Licencesrequire at least 25% population coverage by 2013.A1 Telekom commercially launched LTE in Viennaand St. Pölten on November 5, 2010. LTE servicecovers 80% of the population (February 2013).T-Mobile Austria commercially launched LTE serviceusing 2.6 GHz spectrum on July 28, 2011. InSeptember 2012 the company announced that itsLTE network covered 650,000 inhabitants of Vienna,Linz, Graz and Innsbruck, and that more than 4,000towers had been upgraded for LTE. The company isreported to have tested carrier aggregation,combining 2.6 GHz and 1800 MHz spectrum.3 Austria commercially launched LTE FDD service inVienna using 2.6 GHz on November 18, 2011. Thepossibility of also deploying LTE TDD in 2.6 GHz(band 38) is being studied.Orange Austria has tested LTE technology and won2 x 10 MHz of 2.6 GHz spectrum in the 2010 auction.The owner of 3 Austria confirmed in February 2012the intent to acquire Orange Austria. The EuropeanCommission approved the proposed acquisitionsubject to implementing a commitments package tofacilitate entry of new players into the market.Regulator TKK published a preliminary schedule forauctioning 800 MHz, 900 MHz and 1800 MHzspectrum in September 2012. The auction waspostponed because of the merger, and is now re-scheduled to September 2013.AzerbaijanAzercell launched commercial LTE1800 service inthe center of Baku beginning June 19, 2012.
May 10, 201324Evolution to LTE ReportAzerfon (Nar Mobile) has deployed its first LTE basestation in Baku.Bakcell is deploying a commercial LTE network.WiMAX™ operator Sazz (Azqtel) has 60 MHz of 3.5GHz spectrum and is studying a possible migration toLTE TDD either in 3.5 GHz or in new bands e.g. 2.6GHz, 2.3 GHz or 700 MHz (not yet allocated to Sazz)BelarusOn April 1, 2012 former WiMAX™ operator Yota Belcommercially launched launched LTE in Minsk,following a test phase beginning December 1, 2011.The Belarus State Commission on Radio Frequenciesissued Yota Bel a licence in December 2008 to use 2x 30 MHz 2.6 GHz spectrum. NOTE: Yota has sinceceased operations in Belarus, and has been removedfrom GSA’s list of commercial LTE network launches.MTS (in co-operation with Beltelcom) and BeST(Life) completed their LTE trials by May 1, 2011.BeST (Life) has been trialling LTE and has 2 x 15MHz in 2.6 GHz for commercial network deployment.450 MHz CDMA operator Belcel (Diallog brand) isdeploying a commercial LTE network. Commercialservice launch is anticipated by Summer 2013.Additional 900 and 1800 MHz spectrum is expectedto be allocated by the regulator in future. DigitalDividend spectrum is anticipated from end 2015.The government has announced plans for testing ofLTE-Advanced in the country this year.BelgiumBelgacom (Proximus) deployed a pilot network inHasselt, Mons, Waver and Haasrode, later extendedto Antwerp, Ghent, Leuven, Liege and Namur.Commercial LTE1800 service was launched onNovember 5, 2012 in 8 cities. 2.6 GHz may be usedlater where more capacity is needed.Mobistar has opened a pilot network in Antwerp andis deploying LTE in 1800 MHz (LTE1800) and 2600MHz for commercial launch in 2013, targetingcoverage for 80% of the population by 2015.Base began trialling LTE in 2011. Telenet trialledLTE in 2010 and in June 2011 acquired 900, 1800,and 2100 MHz which could be used for LTE.b•lite Telecom BVBA (ex- Clearwire Belgium) plansto launch a 3.5 GHz LTE TDD system (band 42).Regulator BIPT auctioned 4G licences for 77 millionEuros, comprising 45 MHz of 2.6 GHz TDD spectrumand 3 x 20 MHz paired blocks in 2.6 GHz for FDDsystems. The auction ended November 28, 2011.New licences run for 15 years from July 1, 2012. LTEFDD spectrum was acquired by the 3 mobileincumbents and TDD spectrum was won by newentrant BUCD (backed by Asian investors) –technology choice is understood to be TD-LTE.BIPT launched a consultation in 2011 on opening 900MHz, 1800 MHz and 2100 MHz for HSPA and LTE.BulgariaSelected M-Tel customers in Sofia, Varna, Rousseand Dobrich customers have been testing itsLTE1800 pilot network free of charge since January2012. The number of cities with LTE coverage isplanned to increase gradually in 2012. Existing 900and 1800 MHz spectrum can be used for LTE sinceJanuary 2012 and LTE1800 is in deployment.On January 6, 2012 VIVACOM confirmed receipt ofpermission from regulator CRC to start LTE testingfor which a network using 1800 MHz was built inSofia for trials up to June 2012. An LTE1800commercial network is now being deployed.CRC stated December 15, 2011 that 3 technology-neutral licences for vacant 1800 MHz spectrum hadbeen granted to Max Telecom (2х 8 MHz), 4G ComEAD (2 х 8 MHz) and Bulsatcom (2 х 5 MHz).Max Telecom has confirmed plans to commerciallylaunch an LTE1800 network in Q3 2013.CRC is preparing to launch an auction of 2.6 GHzspectrum by August 31, 2013.CroatiaT-Hrvatski Telekom commercially launched LTE in10 MHz of 1800 MHz spectrum (LTE1800) on March
May 10, 201325Evolution to LTE Report23, 2012 in Zagreb with free mobile data access onits LTE network until October 1, 2012. Osijek, Rijekaand Split are now covered as well as 50% of Zagreb.Commercial LTE service using 800 MHz spectrumwas introduced in December 2012 in Drenovaca,Josipdola, Koprivnice, Otocca, Ozlja and Petrinje.VIPNet demonstrated LTE in 800 MHz in March 2011and launched a trial for 20 consumers on September1 2011 in Novi Zagreb using 800 and 1800 MHzspectrum. VIPNet commercially launched LTE1800service on March 23, 2012 with free mobile dataaccess on its LTE network until end June 2012.Velatel (Novi-net) holds 42 MHz spectrum in 3.5 GHzand is deploying an LTE TDD network since Q2 2012.In late October 2012 regulator HAKOM announcedthe results of the digital dividend (800 MHz band 20)spectrum auction. Three blocks were offered,however VIPNet and T-Hrvatski Telekom were theonly bidders. The total raised from the auction wasabout €40 million, and annual spectrum usage feeswill also apply. VIPNet acquired 2 x 10 MHz of thisspectrum. The winners are required to achievecoverage to at least 50% of the territory in five years.HAKOM has launched a consultation into use of 900and 1800 MHz for mobile broadband, including LTE.Czech RepublicTelefonia O2 commercially launched LTE1800 inJesenice (west district of Prague) on June 19, 2012.Service is being extended to more areas of the city inMay 2013. Brno will be covered in October 2013.T-Mobile announced inauguration in July 2012 of anLTE trial in Pragues Kamyk district with 12 basestations using 20 MHz of 2.6 GHz spectrum. InNovember 2012 the free user trial was extended tothe city of Mlada Boleslav using 20 MHz of 1800 MHzspectrum (LTE1800). T-Mobile is deploying acommercial LTE network for launch in 2013, which inthe first phase will use either current spectrum(refarmed 1800 MHz) or spectrum allocated from theforthcoming auction (see following paragraph).In September 2011, regulator CTU issued terms andconditions for a planned auction of 800, 1800 and2600 MHz. CTU said that the 1800 MHz spectrum isreserved for a possible new entrant. The auctionstarted on November 12, 2012 with 4 bidders (threeincumbents plus PPF Mobile Services) but wascancelled on March 8, 2013 due to “excessively highprices” which was felt could lead to high prices forconsumers. New rules to replay the auction werepresented on April 8 for comment by May 8, 2013.DenmarkRegulator Telestyrelsen concluded an auction of2500-2690 MHz and 2010-2020 MHz spectrum onMay 10, 2010, awarding spectrum to Hi3G DenmarkApS; TDC A/S; Telia Nättjänster Norden AB; andTelenor A/S. On October 12, 2010 Telestyrelsenannounced that Hi3G Denmark had been granted900 and 1800 MHz spectrum, which could be used todeploy 2G, 3G or LTE technologies nationally.Telia launched the country’s first commercial LTEsystem on December 9, 2010 in Copenhagen,Aarhus, Odense and Aalborg in 2.6 GHz (20 MHz).On October 10, 2011 LTE commercial service wasintroduced using 10 MHz of 1800 MHz (LTE1800) asa complement to 2.6 GHz. Tri-band 800/1800/2600MHz LTE dongles and routers are available.Telenor and Telia agreed to merge their 4G/LTE, 3Gand 2G networks into a JV called TT-Netværket P/S.4G sharing will use LTE1800 and LTE800.Telenor has announced plans for the commerciallaunch of its LTE1800 service by end March 2013,covering 192 towns and cities, 75% of the population.TDC launched commercial LTE service on October10, 2011 in Copenhagen, Aarhus, Odense, Aalborg,Esbjerg, Randers, Kolding, Horsens, Vejle, Roskilde.3 Denmark is deploying an LTE FDD networkcombined with 25 MHz of TDD spectrum, andlaunched its commercial LTE FDD service using 1800and 2600 MHz spectrum on September 28, 2012, atthe same time introducing the iPhone 5.TDC and TT-Netværket P/S were awarded 800 MHzspectrum in the auction which closed on June 26,2012. TDC won 2 x 20 MHz and TT-Netværket won 2x 10 MHz. 739.3 million Danish Kr (approx USD124.3million) total was paid for the 5 blocks of spectrum onoffer (four 2 x 5 MHz blocks, one 2 x 10 MHz block).
May 10, 201326Evolution to LTE ReportThe licences have coverage requirements, andspectrum may be used from January 1, 2013.EstoniaRegulator TJA awarded LTE licences in 2.6 GHzspectrum to incumbent mobile operators EMT, Elisaand Tele2 plus fixed-line operator Elion Enterprises.TJA announced on December 16, 2011 that EMT,Elisa and Tele2 are permitted to deploy mobilebroadband technologies e.g. LTE in 1800 MHz band.A consultation was simultaneously launched on theprocedures for allocating digital dividend spectrum.EMT launched the first commercial LTE service inEstonia on December 17, 2010 in 2.6 GHz in thecenters of Tallinn, Tartu, Kohila, and at the IT Collegeof Tallinn University of Technology. On December 19,2011 EMT announced start of LTE networkdeployment in 1800 MHz. Commercial service is nowdelivered using LTE1800 as well as 2.6 GHz. EMTexpects to achieve 95% population coverage by end2013. On February 22, 2012 EMT announced thattraffic from LTE subscribers exceeds traffic volumegenerated by GSM subscribers. The LTE networkincluded 118 bases stations at that time, and hadsubsequently increased to 300 by end 2012Tele2 Estonia commercially launched LTE service inTallinn using 1800 MHz and 2.6 GHz spectrum onNovember 27, 2012. Tele2 plans 100% coverage byend 2017. 8.3 MHz of additional 1800 MHz spectrumwas acquired at end 2011.On January 7, 2011 Elisa confirmed receipt of 2.6GHz spectrum. The company commercially launchedits LTE network on February 14, 2013 using mainly1800 MHz (LTE1800), plus 2.6 GHz in urban areas.By early May 2013 the company had activated 550LTE base stations in Estonia. Elisa also plans toacquire 800 MHz spectrum.Finland20-year 2.6 GHz licences were auctioned by regulatorFICORA on 23 November 2009:• Elisa obtained 50 MHz, and launched a pre-commercial trial in Helsinki on June 2, 2010• TeliaSonera acquired five blocks of 2 x 5 MHzand launched an LTE network on June 2, 2010 forpre-commercial use in the city of Turku• DNA obtained 40 MHzFinland was the first country in Europe to allow 1800MHz spectrum to be used for LTE deployments.TeliaSonera launched the first commercial LTEservice in Finland on November 30, 2010 in Turkuand Helsinki, using 2.6 GHz spectrum. LTE1800 wascommercially launched as a complement to 2.6 GHzon August 31, 2011. In November 2012 TeliaSoneraannounced that LTE had been rolled out to 50 cities.Elisa commercially launched a 2.6 GHz LTE networkfor corporate users on December 8, 2010, andannounced its first client. The company launchedLTE2600/LTE1800 service combined with DC-HSPA+ for consumers on November 17, 2011. LTEservice reached 52 cities by early March 2013.DNA Oy launched LTE commercial service onDecember 13, 2011. The company said 4G speedsare created by means of two technologies supportingeach other, LTE and DC-HSPA+. The companymainly uses 1800 MHz spectrum, and uses 2.6 GHzin populated areas where extra capacity is required.DNA is interested to use 800 MHz spectrum when itbecomes available (after auction).FICORA granted test licences from early July 2011for operators wishing to test LTE800 technology (i.e.in digital dividend spectrum). The auction of 800MHzspectrum in six 5MHz paired blocks (791 – 812 MHzpaired with 832 – 862 MHz) is scheduled tocommence on January 24, 2013. Licences will have20 years duration.WiMAX™ operator Datame is preparing to introduceLTE and is a member of the Global TD-LTE Initiative.FranceFT/Orange launched a pilot LTE network in Marseillein June 2012. Coverage in Lyon, Lille and Nanteswere added later, with marketing to corporatecustomers beginning on November 22, 2012.Consumer services began in February 2013. Servicewas introduced in Paris in February 2013 and LTE