Social Class in the USA and the World
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Social Class in the USA and the World

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    Social Class in the USA and the World Social Class in the USA and the World Presentation Transcript

    • Social Class in real life
      (Related to Seccombe Chapter 5)
      This Sumerian art shows the social classes that were observed in society then…
      The layer at the top (Upper Class) shows the nobles, priests, officials and warriors…
      The Middle Class, the layer in the middle, shows the merchants, traders and artisans…
      The bottom layer (Lower Class) constituted the majority of population, containing serfs and slaves who performed all the manual labor.
    • Learning Objectives – Ch 5
      What is meant by social class and social stratification?
      How many social classes are there? What proportion belongs to each of them?
      What are the differences between a class system and a caste system?  Examples?
      In what ways does social class affect family relationships in each social classes?
      What is the difference between an ascribed status and an achieved status?
      What are the risk factors for poverty in the United States?
      In what specific ways does poverty affect families to cause negative outcomes?
      What is meant by “resiliency” in families? Give examples
      What factors may assist individuals or families in overcoming poverty? Examples?
      What are the types of protective factors that help families? Give examples.
    • Defining Social Class
      Weber: An ordering of all persons in society by degrees of economic resources, prestige, and privilege
      Analytical definitions
      Marx: relation to means of production
      Weber: Marx + prestige
      Empirical definitions
      Based in data
      Compare strata (layers)
      Cultural Analysis
      Differences in behaviors, attitudes, objects
    • Politicized versionof social class as seen by Karl Marx.
      Marx and socialist theorists emphasized the process of exploitation, in which workers do not receive back in wages the full value they contribute.
      Wealth created by what upper classes extract from lower ones.
    • A Weberian View of Class
      Considers four dimensions
      Occupation
      Education
      Income (money earned through work/investments)
      Wealth (assets owned / money saved)
      Interactive graphic – you can see how your prospective job or your family stacks up on dimensions of class
      Up-to-date dollar amounts / prestige ratings
      From New York Times 2005
      Components of Social Class
    • Social Class in Action
      You Are Your Stuff (4)
      Trouble in Paradise (3)
      The Upper Class (3)
      The Working Poor (8)
    • Gilbert-KahlModel of Social Classin theUnited States
      Source: Dennis Gilbert, The American Class Structure (Wadsworth, fifth edition, 1998),
    • How “middle” is the middle class?
    • Which theory(ies) of social classcan you detect in this film excerpt?
      Nickled and Dimed (10)
    • How Class Works: Empirical
      Considers four dimensions
      Occupation
      Education
      Income (money earned through work/investments)
      Wealth (assets owned / money saved)
      Interactive graphic – see how your family stacks up on dimensions of class
      Up-to-date dollar amounts / prestige ratings
      Link on WebCT under “Resources”
      From New York Times 2005
      How Class Works
    • Income by Education
      Considers three dimensions
      Level of Education
      Amount of Income
      Occupational group
      Interactive graphic – see how the distribution of income for particular occupation groups
      Up-to-date dollar amounts
      Link on WebCT under “Resources”
      From New York Times 2005
      Income by Education
    • Social Reproduction of Class
      Ideology = American society is very open.
      2/3 to 3/4 of all children inherit socio-economic status (estimates vary).
      1979 Carnegie study: son of lawyer27 times more likely to get high paying job than son of custodian.
      Source: Scientific American
      http://www.sciam.com/1999/0699issue/0699numbers.html
    • Class Mobility: Moving Up
    • International Social Mobility
    • Global Stratification & Inequality
      Ranking societies by power & rewards
      • Which forms of power are important?
      • Economic power is dominant
      • Political power is secondary
      • Social honor not important
      • Positions in global system defined by levels of development & productivity
      • Income & Poverty
      • Highly concentrated between societies
      • Absolute Poverty highest in Low Income set
      • Education & Health
      School Enrollment
      93%
      74%
      51%
      Life Expectancy
      78 years
      69 years
      59 years
      Adult Literacy
      99%
      86%
      62%
      High Income
      Middle Income
      Low Income
    • Miniature Earth