Social Class in real life (Related to Seccombe Chapter 5) This Sumerian art shows the social classes that were observed in society then… The layer at the top (Upper Class) shows the nobles, priests, officials and warriors… The Middle Class, the layer in the middle, shows the merchants, traders and artisans… The bottom layer (Lower Class) constituted the majority of population, containing serfs and slaves who performed all the manual labor.
Learning Objectives – Ch 5 What is meant by social class and social stratification? How many social classes are there? What proportion belongs to each of them? What are the differences between a class system and a caste system? Examples? In what ways does social class affect family relationships in each social classes? What is the difference between an ascribed status and an achieved status? What are the risk factors for poverty in the United States? In what specific ways does poverty affect families to cause negative outcomes? What is meant by “resiliency” in families? Give examples What factors may assist individuals or families in overcoming poverty? Examples? What are the types of protective factors that help families? Give examples.
Defining Social Class Weber: An ordering of all persons in society by degrees of economic resources, prestige, and privilege Analytical definitions Marx: relation to means of production Weber: Marx + prestige Empirical definitions Based in data Compare strata (layers) Cultural Analysis Differences in behaviors, attitudes, objects
Politicized versionof social class as seen by Karl Marx. Marx and socialist theorists emphasized the process of exploitation, in which workers do not receive back in wages the full value they contribute. Wealth created by what upper classes extract from lower ones.
A Weberian View of Class Considers four dimensions Occupation Education Income (money earned through work/investments) Wealth (assets owned / money saved) Interactive graphic – you can see how your prospective job or your family stacks up on dimensions of class Up-to-date dollar amounts / prestige ratings From New York Times 2005 Components of Social Class
Social Class in Action You Are Your Stuff (4) Trouble in Paradise (3) The Upper Class (3) The Working Poor (8)
Gilbert-KahlModel of Social Classin theUnited States Source: Dennis Gilbert, The American Class Structure (Wadsworth, fifth edition, 1998),
Which theory(ies) of social classcan you detect in this film excerpt? Nickled and Dimed (10)
How Class Works: Empirical Considers four dimensions Occupation Education Income (money earned through work/investments) Wealth (assets owned / money saved) Interactive graphic – see how your family stacks up on dimensions of class Up-to-date dollar amounts / prestige ratings Link on WebCT under “Resources” From New York Times 2005 How Class Works
Income by Education Considers three dimensions Level of Education Amount of Income Occupational group Interactive graphic – see how the distribution of income for particular occupation groups Up-to-date dollar amounts Link on WebCT under “Resources” From New York Times 2005 Income by Education
Social Reproduction of Class Ideology = American society is very open. 2/3 to 3/4 of all children inherit socio-economic status (estimates vary). 1979 Carnegie study: son of lawyer27 times more likely to get high paying job than son of custodian. Source: Scientific American http://www.sciam.com/1999/0699issue/0699numbers.html