Social Class in the USA and the World
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Social Class in the USA and the World

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Social Class in the USA and the World Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Social Class in real life
    (Related to Seccombe Chapter 5)
    This Sumerian art shows the social classes that were observed in society then…
    The layer at the top (Upper Class) shows the nobles, priests, officials and warriors…
    The Middle Class, the layer in the middle, shows the merchants, traders and artisans…
    The bottom layer (Lower Class) constituted the majority of population, containing serfs and slaves who performed all the manual labor.
  • 2. Learning Objectives – Ch 5
    What is meant by social class and social stratification?
    How many social classes are there? What proportion belongs to each of them?
    What are the differences between a class system and a caste system?  Examples?
    In what ways does social class affect family relationships in each social classes?
    What is the difference between an ascribed status and an achieved status?
    What are the risk factors for poverty in the United States?
    In what specific ways does poverty affect families to cause negative outcomes?
    What is meant by “resiliency” in families? Give examples
    What factors may assist individuals or families in overcoming poverty? Examples?
    What are the types of protective factors that help families? Give examples.
  • 3. Defining Social Class
    Weber: An ordering of all persons in society by degrees of economic resources, prestige, and privilege
    Analytical definitions
    Marx: relation to means of production
    Weber: Marx + prestige
    Empirical definitions
    Based in data
    Compare strata (layers)
    Cultural Analysis
    Differences in behaviors, attitudes, objects
  • 4. Politicized versionof social class as seen by Karl Marx.
    Marx and socialist theorists emphasized the process of exploitation, in which workers do not receive back in wages the full value they contribute.
    Wealth created by what upper classes extract from lower ones.
  • 5. A Weberian View of Class
    Considers four dimensions
    Occupation
    Education
    Income (money earned through work/investments)
    Wealth (assets owned / money saved)
    Interactive graphic – you can see how your prospective job or your family stacks up on dimensions of class
    Up-to-date dollar amounts / prestige ratings
    From New York Times 2005
    Components of Social Class
  • 6. Social Class in Action
    You Are Your Stuff (4)
    Trouble in Paradise (3)
    The Upper Class (3)
    The Working Poor (8)
  • 7. Gilbert-KahlModel of Social Classin theUnited States
    Source: Dennis Gilbert, The American Class Structure (Wadsworth, fifth edition, 1998),
  • 8. How “middle” is the middle class?
  • 9. Which theory(ies) of social classcan you detect in this film excerpt?
    Nickled and Dimed (10)
  • 10. How Class Works: Empirical
    Considers four dimensions
    Occupation
    Education
    Income (money earned through work/investments)
    Wealth (assets owned / money saved)
    Interactive graphic – see how your family stacks up on dimensions of class
    Up-to-date dollar amounts / prestige ratings
    Link on WebCT under “Resources”
    From New York Times 2005
    How Class Works
  • 11. Income by Education
    Considers three dimensions
    Level of Education
    Amount of Income
    Occupational group
    Interactive graphic – see how the distribution of income for particular occupation groups
    Up-to-date dollar amounts
    Link on WebCT under “Resources”
    From New York Times 2005
    Income by Education
  • 12. Social Reproduction of Class
    Ideology = American society is very open.
    2/3 to 3/4 of all children inherit socio-economic status (estimates vary).
    1979 Carnegie study: son of lawyer27 times more likely to get high paying job than son of custodian.
    Source: Scientific American
    http://www.sciam.com/1999/0699issue/0699numbers.html
  • 13. Class Mobility: Moving Up
  • 14. International Social Mobility
  • 15. Global Stratification & Inequality
    Ranking societies by power & rewards
    • Which forms of power are important?
    • 16. Economic power is dominant
    • 17. Political power is secondary
    • 18. Social honor not important
    • 19. Positions in global system defined by levels of development & productivity
    • Income & Poverty
    • 20. Highly concentrated between societies
    • 21. Absolute Poverty highest in Low Income set
    • 22. Education & Health
    School Enrollment
    93%
    74%
    51%
    Life Expectancy
    78 years
    69 years
    59 years
    Adult Literacy
    99%
    86%
    62%
    High Income
    Middle Income
    Low Income
  • 23. Miniature Earth