Grade 6-english-reading-outlining-a-two-paragraph-passage


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Grade 6-english-reading-outlining-a-two-paragraph-passage

  1. 1. Outlining a Two-Paragraph Passage I. Learning Objectives • Outline a two-paragraph passage • Write outline correctly II. Subject Matter A. Topic: Text: Whales Skill: Outlining a Two-paragraph Passage B. References: PELC III 5.3 Developing Reading Power 5 Skillbuilder in English V C. Materials: pictures and charts with written sets of passages/exercises III. Procedure A. Preparatory Activities Review (Conduct a naming game) Divide the class into three groups. Give each group a sheet of paper with a heading written on top. Pupils write as many sub- headings as they can. The group with the most number of correct answers wins the game. • Land Vehicles • Water Vehicles • Air Vehicles Motivation • What is your favorite animal? Why? • What is the biggest animal in the world? Motive Question • What is the largest animal that ever lived? Value Focus: Kindness to animals
  2. 2. Unlocking of Difficulties Completing the Word Pyramid Directions: Fill the pyramid with letters to form a word that matches the given meaning below. Copy this word on the blank after the number. Use the words in the box below. 1. __________ - to make a low prolonged sound of pain (moan) 2. __________ - the sound made by such a blow (thump) 3. __________ - a sharp high-pitched cry (squeak) 4. __________ - excessive fat on the body (blubber) 5. __________ - any large black whale (porpoise) B. Developmental Activities Presentation of the Story The teacher may ask one pupil to read the story orally for the class while the others listen. ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ click, squeak, thump, moan, blubber, dolphins, porpoise, whistles Whales The biggest animal in the world is the whale. The blue whale is the largest animal that ever lived. It is even bigger than the great dinosaurs of long ago. Whales are close cousins of dolphins and porpoises. But these animals do not come as big as the whales. Whales spend their entire lives in water, usually in the ocean. Because they live in cold water, they have a thick layer of fat under their skin. This fat which is called blubber, protects the animal from the cold. Though whales live in water, they are not fish. Whales are mammals. They have lungs through which they breathe. A whale comes to the surface to breathe. It blows the old air from its lungs out of a hole on the top of its head. Whales are warm blooded. Even if the temperature outside is very cold or hot, their body temperature remains steady. Whales have hair all over their bodies though not much. Mother whales feed their babies with milk from their own. Whales are very sociable animals. They talk with others by making different sounds. They make clicks, whistles, squeaks, thumps and even low moans. Because sound waves travel well in water, the songs of whales can be heard more than a hundred miles away.
  3. 3. Discussion and Analysis 1. Answering the Motive Question: What is the largest animal that ever lived? (The blue whale is the largest animal that ever lived.) 2. Comprehension Questions a. What is the story about? b. Where do whales spend their entire lives? c. Why can whales live in cold water? d. Why do whales come to the surface of the water? e. How do mother whales feed their babies? Value Integration • Supposed you find whales on the shores, how would you treat them? • If given a chance to watch a dolphin show, how would you treat them? Skill Development a. Group yourselves into three. All groups will do the same activity. Group Activity Answer the following to form an outline like this. I. A. What is the biggest animal that ever lived? 1. What are the close cousins of whales? 2. II. Where do whales live? A. What kind of water do they live? B. What kind of animals are they? 1. 2. What are the characteristics of whales? 3. 4. III.What is the main idea of the last paragraph? A. Why are they called sociable animals? 1. What are the things whales can make? 2.
  4. 4. In the outline you’ve made, what is used before the main idea or main topic in each paragraph? (Roman numerals) What are used before the supporting ideas or sub-topics? (Capital letters) Possible Answers: I. Biggest Animal in the World A. Blue Whale 1. Dolphins 2. Porpoises II. In the Ocean A. A Cold Water B. Mammals 1. Breathe on the surface 2. Warm blooded 3. Have fair all over bodies 4. Feed babies with milk III.Sociable Animals A. Talk by making sounds 1. Clicks and whistle 2. Squeaks and moans Generalization • What did we do with the important events in the story? What did we consider in outlining? • When do we use Roman Numerals? (Use Roman Numerals beside the main idea in the order that they occur.) • When do we use capital letters? (Use the capital letters beside the supporting details.)
  5. 5. C. Post Activities Application a. Directions: Read the paragraphs. Make an outline by answering the questions. Complete the given format below. Plants Plants are important to all people and animals. Without them, we would have nothing to eat. Farmers raise crops by spraying fertilizers. Most farmers now put chemicals on the plants they grow. They use fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides on the plants grown commercially. Fertilizers are chemicals that provide the nutrients that plants need to make their own food. Pesticides are chemicals that repel or kill insects that harm the plants. Herbicides are chemicals that kill the weeds that grow with the plants. I. What is the first paragraph about? A. How do the farmers now raise their crops? B. What do they put on the plants? 1. 2. What chemical do they use? 3. II. What is the second paragraph about? A. What effects do the chemicals have on plants? B. Answer: I. Importance of Plants A. Spraying fertilizers B. Put chemicals 1. Fertilizers 2. Pesticides 3. Herbicides II. Chemicals Used A. Harm the plants B. Kills the weeds
  6. 6. b. Directions: Read the following paragraph. Make an outline by answering the given questions. • What is the main topic in the first paragraph? • What are the sub-topics? • What is the main topic in the second paragraph? • What are the sub-topics? Try to complete the format below. I. Main Topic: __________________ Sub-topics: A. _____________________ B. _____________________ C. _____________________ II. Main Topic: __________________ Sub-topics: A. _____________________ B. _____________________ C. _____________________ Enrichment Activities a. Read the paragraphs then make an outline. Nilo, my friend went to the province with his parents last week. They visited his grandmother. He went around the farm with his grandmother. She showed him the duck and chicken poultry. He observed and played with them. He continued to go around and came to a vegetable garden. He admired the big squash, patola and ampalaya. He picked some and grandmother cooked these for lunch. Nilo enjoyed his stay on the farm. Plants are vital in our lives. Man and other form of animals can’t live without plants. The food we eat, the medicine that we take, the books, and pencils we use in school come from plants. They also give oxygen that we need in order to breathe. People eat a large number of plants every day. Most animals, like us, depend on plants for their foods, too. Fortunately, the earth doesn’t run out of plants because plants are able to reproduce.
  7. 7. I. __________________________ A. _______________________ B. _______________________ C. _______________________ II. __________________________ A. _______________________ B. _______________________ C. _______________________ Answer: I. Went to the province A. Visited grandmother B. Walked around the farm C. Showed the animals II. Came to a vegetable garden A. Admired the vegetables B. Picked some vegetables C. Cooked for lunch b. Read the paragraphs and make an outline. I. What is the main topic in paragraph 1? A. B. What are the sub-topics found in paragraph 1? C. D. Honeybees live together in colonies made up of hives that have many chambers and cells. Each colony has three types of honeybee: the queen bee, the worker bees and drones. The queen lays eggs. Worker bees are females that do not lay eggs. They build and repair the hives, gather food and defend the hive. Drones are male bees whose job is to mate with the queen. Termites live in colonies. Each colony consists of a large nest made up of chambers and cells. Termite colonies are also of three types. The king and queen make up one type. They mate together to produce eggs. Worker termites build and repair the nest and take care of all other termites. Soldier termites defend the nest.
  8. 8. II. What is the main topic in paragraph 2? A. B. What are the sub-topics found in paragraph 2? C. D. E. F IV. Evaluation Read the paragraphs. Complete the outline given. The main topics have been written for you. The class participated in the Clean and Green Project. The teacher asked the pupils to keep the surroundings clean and orderly. The children picked up pieces of paper scattered around the classroom, corridors and playground. They put all chairs in the classroom in straight lines. Some swept the floor, dusted the book shelves, tables cabinets and the chalkboard. After class, the pupils tended the school garden. Some made plots for vegetables. Some planted seeds in pots and cans. Others watered the plants. The Busy Children I. Participating in the Clean and Green Project A. Keeping the surroundings clean and orderly 1. __________ 2. __________ 3. __________ B. Tending the school garden 1. __________ 2. __________ 3. Watering the plants.
  9. 9. Answer: I. A. 1. Picking up pieces of paper 2. Arranging chairs in order 3. Sweeping the floor B. 1. Making plots 2. Planting seeds in pots and cans V. Assignment Cut a news item from a newspaper. Paste the clippings on a bond paper. Make an outline of the news on a sheet of paper.
  10. 10. Answer: I. A. 1. Picking up pieces of paper 2. Arranging chairs in order 3. Sweeping the floor B. 1. Making plots 2. Planting seeds in pots and cans V. Assignment Cut a news item from a newspaper. Paste the clippings on a bond paper. Make an outline of the news on a sheet of paper.