Responding to and
Preventing Bullying at Our
School
Developed by
(c) 2005 Take a Stand. Lend a
Hand. Stop Bullying Now!
De...
Share Your Story
Overview of the Workshop
What is bullying?
How much bullying is going on in CCUSD?
What doesn’t work in responding to bull...
Bullying…
• Is aggressive behavior that intends to
cause harm or distress.
• Usually is repeated over time.• Usually is re...
Direct Bullying
• Hitting, kicking, shoving, spitting…
• Taunting, teasing, racial slurs, verbal
harassmentharassment
• Th...
Indirect Bullying
• Getting another person to bully
someone for you
• Spreading rumors• Spreading rumors
• Deliberately ex...
How common is bullying?
• Nansel et al. (2001): national sample of
15,600 students in grades 6-10
– 19% bullied others ”so...
How common is bullying in
CCUSD?
• 12% of 5th graders reported being hit or
pushed most of the time or all of the
time at ...
How common is bullying in
CCUSD?
• 52% of 5th graders reported having hit
or pushed other students
• 29% of 5th graders re...
How common is bullying in
CCUSD?
Percentage of secondary students reporting
having been harassed because of race,
ethnicit...
Insignifican
t
Mild Moderate Severe
Staff Perceptions
How much of a problem is bullying or
harassment among students?
t
Al...
Gender Differences in Bullying
• Most studies find that boys bully more than
do girls
• Boys report being bullied by boys;...
Conditions Surrounding
Bullying
• Children usually are bullied by one child
or a small group
• Common locations: playgroun...
Children Who Bully are
More Likely to:
• Get into frequent fights
• Be injured in a fight
• Steal, vandalize property
• Dr...
Longitudinal Study of Children
who Bullied (Olweus, 1993)
• 60% of boys who were bullies in middle
school had at least one...
Children who are bullied have:
• Lower self esteem
• Higher rates of depression
• Higher absenteeism rates
• More suicidal...
Health Consequences of
Bullying (Fekkes et al., 2003)
Bullied Not bullied
Headache 16% 6%
Sleep problems 42% 23%
Abdominal...
Safe School Initiative Report
(2002)
• US Secret Service and US Dept. of
Education
• Studied 37 incidents of targeted scho...
Reporting of Bullying to
School Staff
• Many do not report being bullied.
• Older children and boys are less likely
to rep...
Adults’ Responsiveness to
Bullying
• Adults overestimate their effectiveness in
identifying bullying and intervening.
• Ma...
Kids Who Observe
What do you usually do when you see a
student being bullied?
• 38% Nothing, because it’s
none of my busin...
Activity
• What do you usually do when a student
reports being bullied?
What doesn’t work
• Tell student to confront the bullies
• Tell student to ignore the situation
• Speak to students about ...
What Are Schools Doing
To Address Bullying?
• Awareness-raising efforts**
• Reporting, tracking**
• Social skills training...
What works in bullying
prevention?
• What is required to reduce bullying in
schools is nothing less than a change in
the s...
Legal Aspects
• Consequences of mis-handling bullying
incidents
• Grounds for suspension – new law• Grounds for suspension...
Operational Definitions of
Bullying
TEASING
Hurtful teasing, name-calling, insulting or other
behavior that hurts people’s...
Operational Definitions of
Bullying
HITTING
Includes pushing, slapping, grabbing
SEVERE HITTINGSEVERE HITTING
Includes pun...
Operational Definitions of
Bullying
HARASSMENT
Racial, ethnic or sexual name-calling or other
severe harassment
CYBER-BULL...
Scenario
Our Response Protocol
• Report aggressive behavior
• Investigate - interview students
separately (aggressor, target,separa...
Our Response Protocol
Report aggressive behavior
• Utilize the CCUSD reporting form.• Utilize the CCUSD reporting form.
• ...
Our Response Protocol
Investigate
• Interview students separately -• Interview students separately -
aggressor, target, wi...
Our Response Protocol
Look up consequences
• The student will look up his/her• The student will look up his/her
consequenc...
Our Response Protocol
Student states what he/she did
To improve staff ability to build students’ self-To improve staff abi...
Our Response Protocol
Student states what he/she did
What did you do? Start with “I”
What was wrong with that?
What proble...
Consequences
Applying consequences
Our Response Protocol
Assist/supervise student to call parent
• The student tells the parent what he/she• The student tell...
Our Response Protocol
Follow up with parent letter
• Utilize the CCUSD parent letter, to be• Utilize the CCUSD parent lett...
Our Response Protocol
Support reflection
• Depending on the age of student and
the situation, writing a reflective essay
a...
How are we going to handle
bullying?
Recording protocol
• Administrator will record incident on• Administrator will record...
How are we going to handle
bullying?
Returning to scenario, discuss responses
and fill out the recording form.
What will we do to prevent
bullying?
• Provide enhanced supervision in problem areas
• Develop a culture of tolerance and ...
Kicking off the program
• Staff will discuss what the school kickoff
event will look like and who is
responsible for what ...
Ten Steps
What about adult bullying?
• We will make clear that the same
definitions apply to adults at the school
• We will call out...
Additional
Resources
http://www.stopbullyingnow.com/
Stan Davis website
http://www.stopbullyingnow.com/parent newsletter
a...
Interactive Website
• www.stopbullyingnow.hrsa.gov
• Animated Serial Comic
• Games, polls for tweens
• Advice for tweens
•...
Resource Kit
• More than 20 tip sheets/fact sheets
• Database of existing bullying prevention
resources
–Bullying preventi...
www.StopBullyingNow.hrsa.gov
Materials Guide
• The following are in your notebook:
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District anti bullying training

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District anti bullying training

  1. 1. Responding to and Preventing Bullying at Our School Developed by (c) 2005 Take a Stand. Lend a Hand. Stop Bullying Now! Developed by Culver City Unified School District Department of Educational Services Presented by YOUR NAME HERE
  2. 2. Share Your Story
  3. 3. Overview of the Workshop What is bullying? How much bullying is going on in CCUSD? What doesn’t work in responding to bullying? What DOES work?What DOES work? Legal aspects of bullying The power of student voice Schools of thought regarding discipline Review of district-provided materials
  4. 4. Bullying… • Is aggressive behavior that intends to cause harm or distress. • Usually is repeated over time.• Usually is repeated over time. • Occurs in a relationship where there is an imbalance of power or strength.
  5. 5. Direct Bullying • Hitting, kicking, shoving, spitting… • Taunting, teasing, racial slurs, verbal harassmentharassment • Threatening, obscene gestures
  6. 6. Indirect Bullying • Getting another person to bully someone for you • Spreading rumors• Spreading rumors • Deliberately excluding someone from a group or activity • Cyber-bullying
  7. 7. How common is bullying? • Nansel et al. (2001): national sample of 15,600 students in grades 6-10 – 19% bullied others ”sometimes” or more often • 9% bullied others weekly• 9% bullied others weekly – 17% were bullied “sometimes” or more often • 8% were bullied weekly – 6% reported bullying and being bullied “sometimes” or more often
  8. 8. How common is bullying in CCUSD? • 12% of 5th graders reported being hit or pushed most of the time or all of the time at school • 10% of 5th graders reported having• 10% of 5th graders reported having rumors spread about them most of the time or all of the time at school Source: California Healthy Kids Survey 2008
  9. 9. How common is bullying in CCUSD? • 52% of 5th graders reported having hit or pushed other students • 29% of 5th graders reported having spread rumors about other students • 29% of 5th graders reported having spread rumors about other students Source: California Healthy Kids Survey 2008
  10. 10. How common is bullying in CCUSD? Percentage of secondary students reporting having been harassed because of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation or disability:disability: • 36% of 7th graders • 21% of 9th graders • 22% of 11th graders Source: California Healthy Kids Survey 2008
  11. 11. Insignifican t Mild Moderate Severe Staff Perceptions How much of a problem is bullying or harassment among students? t All elementa ry 16 61 24 0 CCMS 15 44 40 2 CCHS 5 59 34 2 Source: California Healthy Kids Survey 2008
  12. 12. Gender Differences in Bullying • Most studies find that boys bully more than do girls • Boys report being bullied by boys; girls report being bullied by boys and girls • Boys are more likely than girls to be• Boys are more likely than girls to be physically bullied by their peers • Girls are more likely to be bullied through rumor-spreading, sexual comments, social exclusion
  13. 13. Conditions Surrounding Bullying • Children usually are bullied by one child or a small group • Common locations: playground, classroom, lunchroom, halls, bathroomsclassroom, lunchroom, halls, bathrooms • Bullying is more common at school than on the way to/from school
  14. 14. Children Who Bully are More Likely to: • Get into frequent fights • Be injured in a fight • Steal, vandalize property • Drink alcohol• Drink alcohol • Smoke • Be truant, drop out of school • Report poorer academic achievement • Perceive a negative climate at school • Carry a weapon
  15. 15. Longitudinal Study of Children who Bullied (Olweus, 1993) • 60% of boys who were bullies in middle school had at least one conviction by age 24. • 40% had three or more convictions. • Bullies were 4 times as likely as peers to have multiple convictions.
  16. 16. Children who are bullied have: • Lower self esteem • Higher rates of depression • Higher absenteeism rates • More suicidal ideation
  17. 17. Health Consequences of Bullying (Fekkes et al., 2003) Bullied Not bullied Headache 16% 6% Sleep problems 42% 23% Abdominal pain 17% 9% Feeling tense 20% 9%Feeling tense 20% 9% Anxiety 28% 10% Feeling unhappy 23% 5% Depression scale moderate indication 49% 16% strong indication 16% 2%
  18. 18. Safe School Initiative Report (2002) • US Secret Service and US Dept. of Education • Studied 37 incidents of targeted school violence, involving 41 attackers (1974-2000) – 3/4 of attackers felt persecuted, bullied prior to the incident – 1/3 of attackers characterized as “loners” – 1/4 socialized with students who were disliked by most mainstream students – Many had considered suicide
  19. 19. Reporting of Bullying to School Staff • Many do not report being bullied. • Older children and boys are less likely to report victimization. • Why don’t children report?• Why don’t children report? –2/3 of victims felt that staff responded poorly –6% believed that staff responded very well. (Hoover et al., 1992)
  20. 20. Adults’ Responsiveness to Bullying • Adults overestimate their effectiveness in identifying bullying and intervening. • Many children question the commitment of teachers and administrators to stoppingteachers and administrators to stopping bullying – 35% believed teachers were interested in stopping bullying – 25% believed administrators were interested in stopping bullying (Harris et al., 2002).
  21. 21. Kids Who Observe What do you usually do when you see a student being bullied? • 38% Nothing, because it’s none of my businessnone of my business • 27% I don’t do anything, but I think I should help • 35% I try to help him or her
  22. 22. Activity • What do you usually do when a student reports being bullied?
  23. 23. What doesn’t work • Tell student to confront the bullies • Tell student to ignore the situation • Speak to students about being kind • Use peer mediation• Use peer mediation • Bring bully and target together to talk it out • Zero tolerance (student exclusion) • Group treatment for children who bully • Simple, short-term solutions
  24. 24. What Are Schools Doing To Address Bullying? • Awareness-raising efforts** • Reporting, tracking** • Social skills training for victims of bullying • Curricular approaches to bullying• Curricular approaches to bullying prevention** • Comprehensive approaches** • Zero tolerance (student exclusion) • Individual & group treatment for children who bully/children who are bullied • Mediation, conflict resolution programs
  25. 25. What works in bullying prevention? • What is required to reduce bullying in schools is nothing less than a change in the school climate and in norms forthe school climate and in norms for behavior. • This requires a comprehensive, school- wide effort involving the entire school community
  26. 26. Legal Aspects • Consequences of mis-handling bullying incidents • Grounds for suspension – new law• Grounds for suspension – new law • Suspendable vs. non-suspendable • Reporting and recording
  27. 27. Operational Definitions of Bullying TEASING Hurtful teasing, name-calling, insulting or other behavior that hurts people’s feelings or makes them feel bad about themselvesmakes them feel bad about themselves EXCLUSION Starting rumors, telling others not to be friends with someone
  28. 28. Operational Definitions of Bullying HITTING Includes pushing, slapping, grabbing SEVERE HITTINGSEVERE HITTING Includes punching, kicking, other actions that might hurt someone THREATENING VIOLENCE Stating an intent to do bodily harm
  29. 29. Operational Definitions of Bullying HARASSMENT Racial, ethnic or sexual name-calling or other severe harassment CYBER-BULLYING Sending insulting or threatening messages by phone, email, website or other electronic communication Can be used to tease, exclude, harass or threaten
  30. 30. Scenario
  31. 31. Our Response Protocol • Report aggressive behavior • Investigate - interview students separately (aggressor, target,separately (aggressor, target, witnesses) • Look up consequences in discipline rubric • Assist/supervise student in calling home • Follow up with parent letter • Support reflection
  32. 32. Our Response Protocol Report aggressive behavior • Utilize the CCUSD reporting form.• Utilize the CCUSD reporting form. • If staff member observes the incident, be specific in reporting what happened • If a student reports, thank him/her for coming forward • Ask “what did you do?” not “what happened?”
  33. 33. Our Response Protocol Investigate • Interview students separately -• Interview students separately - aggressor, target, witnesses • Have a protocol for number of witnesses • Provide incentives for honesty
  34. 34. Our Response Protocol Look up consequences • The student will look up his/her• The student will look up his/her consequence on the discipline rubric • Having rubric posted helps the student see that this is school policy, applied to all
  35. 35. Our Response Protocol Student states what he/she did To improve staff ability to build students’ self-To improve staff ability to build students’ self- reflection skills, use Practice Exercises in Davis, Schools Where Everyone Belongs, pages 162-166
  36. 36. Our Response Protocol Student states what he/she did What did you do? Start with “I” What was wrong with that? What problem were you trying to solve? (NOT ‘Why?’ Next time you have that problem, how will you solve it? Source: Stan Davis
  37. 37. Consequences
  38. 38. Applying consequences
  39. 39. Our Response Protocol Assist/supervise student to call parent • The student tells the parent what he/she• The student tells the parent what he/she did and what consequence was earned • The adult tells the parent that the student has or has not been honest • The adult finds something to commend • “I knew you would want to know”
  40. 40. Our Response Protocol Follow up with parent letter • Utilize the CCUSD parent letter, to be• Utilize the CCUSD parent letter, to be signed by student, adult and parent
  41. 41. Our Response Protocol Support reflection • Depending on the age of student and the situation, writing a reflective essay and/or apology may be appropriate the situation, writing a reflective essay and/or apology may be appropriate
  42. 42. How are we going to handle bullying? Recording protocol • Administrator will record incident on• Administrator will record incident on AERIES – both aggressor and target • If teacher/counselor handles, turn in form to administrator for recording
  43. 43. How are we going to handle bullying? Returning to scenario, discuss responses and fill out the recording form.
  44. 44. What will we do to prevent bullying? • Provide enhanced supervision in problem areas • Develop a culture of tolerance and respect • Distribute pledge forms to all students • As part of classroom discipline, discuss bullying definitions with studentsdefinitions with students • As part of classroom discipline, discuss consequences with students • Teach pro-social curriculum early in school year (TGFV & TGFD) • Engage students in simulation activity to empower bystanders (from above programs)
  45. 45. Kicking off the program • Staff will discuss what the school kickoff event will look like and who is responsible for what components.responsible for what components.
  46. 46. Ten Steps
  47. 47. What about adult bullying? • We will make clear that the same definitions apply to adults at the school • We will call out this behavior when it• We will call out this behavior when it occurs • Adult-child interactions • Adult-adult interactions • Civility policy
  48. 48. Additional Resources http://www.stopbullyingnow.com/ Stan Davis website http://www.stopbullyingnow.com/parent newsletter articles.htmarticles.htm Stan Davis short parent articles to reprint http://www.clemson.edu/olweus/content.html Olweus Bullying Prevention Program
  49. 49. Interactive Website • www.stopbullyingnow.hrsa.gov • Animated Serial Comic • Games, polls for tweens • Advice for tweens • Resource Kit for adults • Links to partner groups and activities
  50. 50. Resource Kit • More than 20 tip sheets/fact sheets • Database of existing bullying prevention resources –Bullying prevention programs–Bullying prevention programs –Books, videos, other resources • Available on the web (stopbullyingnow.hrsa.gov) or in hard copy via HRSA Helpline (1-888-ASK- HRSA)
  51. 51. www.StopBullyingNow.hrsa.gov
  52. 52. Materials Guide • The following are in your notebook:
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