Microsoft
Ryan Landay
Selected products
•

Biggest products by revenue and profit:
•
•

Office

•
•

Windows

Server software

Other well-known ...
Annual revenue by division
Annual profit by division
Very brief history of Microsoft
•

Founded in 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen to sell BASIC
interpreters

•

Entered OS ...
What’s hot
•

Windows 7

•

Windows XP

•

Microsoft Office

•

Server business

•

Xbox 360
What Microsoft wishes were hot

•

Windows Phone

•

Windows 8

•

Surface

•

Xbox One
Secret sauce
•

Extreme backwards compatibility with old desktop applications
(unfortunately, no traction on mobile)

•

P...
Not in the secret sauce
•

Creating consumer devices with easy to use
interfaces that people actually want to use

•

Taki...
Interesting story
•

Late 1990s: Microsoft obtained a monopoly in the web browser
market by
•
•

Restricting OEMs from off...
Interesting story
•

Internet Explorer 6 was released on August 27,
2001, not replaced until October 2006

•

Web technolo...
Interesting story
•

September 2013: Ballmer
said:
“They have this incredible,
amazing, dare I say
monopoly that we are th...
Competition
•

Windows on desktop: Linux, Mac OS X, mobile computing

•

Microsoft Office: cloud-based services like Googl...
My prediction
•

Windows Phone and Surface will be discontinued
within five years

•

Xbox will become less relevant in fu...
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Microsoft presentation for EECS 441

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Microsoft presentation for EECS 441

  1. 1. Microsoft Ryan Landay
  2. 2. Selected products • Biggest products by revenue and profit: • • Office • • Windows Server software Other well-known products: • Xbox • Surface
  3. 3. Annual revenue by division
  4. 4. Annual profit by division
  5. 5. Very brief history of Microsoft • Founded in 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen to sell BASIC interpreters • Entered OS business in 1980, bought a CP/M clone in 1981 and rebranded it as MS-DOS • Released first version of Windows in 1985 • Microsoft Office introduced in 1990 • Steve Ballmer took over from Bill Gates as CEO in 2000 • New CEO to take over in 2014, rumored to be either Satya Nadella or Sundar Pichai
  6. 6. What’s hot • Windows 7 • Windows XP • Microsoft Office • Server business • Xbox 360
  7. 7. What Microsoft wishes were hot • Windows Phone • Windows 8 • Surface • Xbox One
  8. 8. Secret sauce • Extreme backwards compatibility with old desktop applications (unfortunately, no traction on mobile) • Proprietary file formats none of their competitors can open properly • History of anticompetitive behavior, including restrictive licensing agreements with OEMs and the ability to make competitors’ software not work as well • Creating fear, uncertainty, and doubt (FUD) through shameless deceptive advertising campaigns • “No one ever got fired for buying IBM Microsoft”
  9. 9. Not in the secret sauce • Creating consumer devices with easy to use interfaces that people actually want to use • Taking over industries Apple and Google are successful in
  10. 10. Interesting story • Late 1990s: Microsoft obtained a monopoly in the web browser market by • • Restricting OEMs from offering Netscape as an alternative • Adding proprietary features for web authors to use so sites would only work in Internet Explorer • • Bundling Internet Explorer with Windows Creating secret Windows APIs so Internet Explorer would work better than competing browsers District Court in 2000 ordered breakup of Microsoft as a remedy for its monopolization actions, overturned by a Court of Appeals
  11. 11. Interesting story • Internet Explorer 6 was released on August 27, 2001, not replaced until October 2006 • Web technology development stagnated • Many web developers never tested their websites in any other browser
  12. 12. Interesting story • September 2013: Ballmer said: “They have this incredible, amazing, dare I say monopoly that we are the only person left on the planet trying to compete with…I do believe that Google's practices are worthy of discussion with competition authority, and we have certainly discussed them with competition authorities”
  13. 13. Competition • Windows on desktop: Linux, Mac OS X, mobile computing • Microsoft Office: cloud-based services like Google Docs, iWork, OpenOffice.org • Server software: Linux-based servers • Cloud computing: Google, Amazon • Consumer mobile products: iPhone, iPad • Xbox: Sony PlayStation 4, Wii U
  14. 14. My prediction • Windows Phone and Surface will be discontinued within five years • Xbox will become less relevant in future, Xbox One probably either last or second-to-last Xbox model • Will probably be main player for a while in desktop computing and office software and a player in cloud computing to some extent • Probably facing a slow and steady decline overall

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