Materi of basic grammar

  • 1,024 views
Uploaded on

 

More in: Education , Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
1,024
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
23
Comments
0
Likes
3

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. SUBJECT + BE
  • 2.  SINGULAR  I am a student  You are a student  John is a student  He is a student  Rose is a flower  It is a flower  PLURAL  We are students  John and marry are students  They are students  Roses are flowers  They are flowers
  • 3. 1. We ……… students 2. I……………a doctor 3. Ana……………a lawyer 4. He……………..a dentist 5. Mary…………..a secretary 6. Ana and mary …………doctors 7. They ………..teachers 8. You …………..dentists 9. She ………a lawyer 10. You and I ………….lawyers
  • 4. singular plural  I have a pen  You have a pen  He has a pen  She has a pen  It has blue ink  We have pens  You have pens  They have pens
  • 5. 1. I ……………a dictionary 2. We …………grammar books 3. Mary…..a blue pen. she ……..a blue notebook 4. You……..a pen in your pocket 5. Bob………a notebook on his desk 6. Mary and bob……notebooks. they ….pens too 7. He ……………a red grammar book 8. I ….a grammar book. It …..twelve chapters 9. John…..a pen in his pocket 10. You and I are students. We…….. books in our desk
  • 6. singular plural a) I have a book. My book is red b) You have a book. Your book is red c) He has a book. His book is red d) She has a book . Her book is red a) We have books. Our books are red. a) You have books. Your books are red. a) They have books. Their books are red.
  • 7. a. I ……a ring. ………..ring is new b. Bob….. a book ………….book is green c. You………a raincoat. ………..raincoat is brown d. She ……..a raincoat………..raincoat is red e. Ann and bob are married. they …….a baby,………baby six months years old
  • 8. Noun + is + noun a. Canada is a country b. Mexico is a country c. A cat is an animal “singular means ”one , not two or more.”  In (a) Canada =a singular noun  Is = a singular verb  Country = a singular noun
  • 9. A frequently comes in front of singular noun. In (b ) a comes in front of the singular noun country . A is called an article A and an have the same meaning. They are both articles. A is used in front of words that begin with consonant b c d f g ,etc . Example ; a bad, a cat , a dog, a friend , a girl. An used in front of words that begin with ; a I u e o.Examples : an animal, an ear, an island, an office
  • 10.  Cats are animals.  Singular : a cat, an animal.  Plural : cats, animals  Singular : a city ,a country.  Plural : cities, countries  Canada and china are countries  Dogs and cats are animals  Plural means two, three , or more  Cats=plural noun  Are=a plural verb  Animals= a plural noun.  Plural nouns end in-s.  A and an are used only with singular
  • 11.  Some singular nouns that end in –y have a special plural form; they omit the =y and add=ies.  Two noun connected by and are followed by are .  In d=canada is singular noun. China is a singular noun. They are connected by and.  Together they are plural, ie more than one
  • 12. 1. An ant is an insect. 2. A computer is a machine. 3. A dictionary is a book. 4. A rose is a flower. 5. A carrot is a vegetable.  ………………….  ……………………  ………………………  ……………………  ……………………….
  • 13. An is also sometimes used in front of words that begin with u. The letters a, I ,u , ,e , o, and u are called vowel All of the other letters in the alphabet are called consonants
  • 14. a. ………horse is……animal. b. English is……. Language. c. Chicago is …………..city. d. Korea is ………….country. e. Europe is ………continent. f……dictionary is …..book. a. hotel is ……building. b. ……..bear is………..animal. c. …..…bee is ……….insect. d. …….ant is…………insect
  • 15.  I am a student.------I’m a student.  She is a student.-----.she’s a student.  He is a student.------.he’s a student.  It is a city.----------.it’s a city.  You are a student.----. You’re a student.  You are students.----.you’re students.  We are students.-----.we’re students.  They are students.----. They’re students
  • 16.  A. tom is not a teacher. he is a student.  Tom and ann are not teachers.  I am not a teacher Not makes a sentence negative. Not contracted with is and are: contraction: is +not =isn’t. Contraction: are+not =aren’t Am and not are not contracted
  • 17. Noun +be + adjective.  A ball is round  Balls are round.  Mary is intelligent.  Mary and tom are intelligent. Pronoun +be + adjective o I am hungry. o She is young. o They are happy.
  • 18. Round, intelligent, hungry ,young , happy. are adjectives. Adjectives often follow a form of be (is ,am . Are).adjectives describe or give information about a noun or pronoun that comes at the beginning of a sentence. The noun or pronoun that comes at the beginning of a sentence is called a subject
  • 19.  Maria is here.  Bob was at the library.  Maria is here  There  Downstairs  Upstairs  Inside  Outside  downtown  Here = a location.  At the library = a location.  Be is often followed by a location.  A location may be one word, as in the examples
  • 20.  Bob was at the library.  Bob was on the bus.  Bob was in his room.  Bob was at work.  Bob was next to tom.  Some common prepositions( above , at. Behind , between ,from ,in , next to, on ,under. A location may be a prepositional phrase. A prepositional +a noun is called a prepositional phrase. At the library = a prepositional phrase
  • 21.  Subject +be + noun  I am a student.  Subject +be +adjective  He is intelligent.  Subject + be +location  We are in class The noun or pronoun that comes at the beginning of a sentence is called the subject. Be is a verb almost of all English sentences have a subject and a verb. Notice in the example.
  • 22. Sports are good for our health. They can make our body healthy. People like doing sport to be healthy. they are also interested in sport for pleasure. For this reason, everyone should do sport to make life healthy and happy. Nowadays, many people like sports. They like not only doing them, but also watching them on television. They are even willing to spend their money to watch football matches, boxing or tennis, those who are interested in watching sport games are called spectators
  • 23. Muslim must worship god almighty in the form of prayers, fasting, payment of religious tax, and pilgrimage. As Muslim we have to have the faith in the pillars on which Islam is built. The pillars are based on the five principles: believe in the one god and Muhammad as his Messenger, Performance of prayers, payment of Religious tax, fasting in the month of Ramadan, and pilgrimage to the holy mosque by whoever finds the way clear to do it.
  • 24. At this opportunity, we come up by only taking about praying, that is a physical worship which Muslims must perform it five times a day. First is the morning prayer which Muslim must perform at the beginning of the day before the sun rises and it made up of two kneeling. The second prayer is the middle of the day which Muslims must perform it from noon until sundown. The third prayer comes between mid afternoon and sunset. Each of those prayers is made up of four kneeling. The fourth prayer is three kneeling w
  • 25. There are some kinds of sports. They football, volleyball, badminton, swimming, boxin g, running, etc. we can choose to do what we like. Most of people like running because it is cheap and simple. It is to do, and we can do it everywhere. Football and badminton are the most popular game in our country. Almost everyone like playing football or watching football match. Our people also like either watching or playing badminton. We have many potential players in this game. Therefore, Indonesia becomes a well known in the world because of badminton
  • 26.  I have a book in my hand. This book is red.  I see a book on your desk. That book is blue.  This is my book.  That is your book.  This = ini ( terletak didekat ).  That = itu ( terletak jauh ).  This /that dapat digantikan IT.  This /that menunjukan orang maupun benda.
  • 27.  What’s this ? It is a dictionary.  What’s that ? It’s a pen.  Who’s this ? It is my sister.  Who’s that ? It is Mr. smith.
  • 28. These is plural form from this. Those is plural form from that. Example: My books are on my desk. These are my books. Your books are on your desk .Those are your books.
  • 29. a. (this, these)……book belong to me.(that, those )……book belongs to Mary. b. (this, these)……coat is black.(that,those)…..coats are tan. c. (this, these)……earring are gold.(that,those)……earrings are silver. d. (this,these)…..exercises is easy.(that, those)……exercises are hard. e. Students are sitting in (this,these)…….desks,but(that, those)…desk s are empty