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Introduction to Linguistics
Second Meeting:
Linguistics And Language
Edi Brata
Mathla’ul Anwar University Banten
It is scientific study of language.
What is Linguistics?
Scientific study of language, you think this?
Science Vs. Knowledge
Systematic
inquiry
Experiences
Systematic Inquiry
Theoretical
Deductive
Empirical
Inductive
Naturally, human have language. Why does
it needs to be learnt scientifically?
Naturally, human
have eyes, but
why do people
need to learn eyes
scientifically?
Then, why do we
have eyes’ doctor?
Linguist
Linguistics Traditional
Grammar
• Linguistics is descriptive not prescriptive
• Linguist regard the spoken language as primary, not
written
• Linguistics ...
The Scope of Linguistics
The Scope of Linguistics
General Linguistics Vs. Specific Linguistics
Synchronic Vs. Diachronic
Micro Linguistics Vs. Macr...
WHY SHOULD WE CARE?
o Because we need diversity
o Because languages express identity
o Because languages are repositories ...
LANGUAGE:
The Object of Linguistics
A system of arbitrary, vocal symbols which
permits all people in a given culture, or other
people who have learned the sys...
Language is the method of human
communication, either spoken or written,
consisting of the use of words in a structured
an...
A system of arbitrary
vocal symbol used for
human communication.
What is
language?
The Concept of Language
De Saussure (1916):
o Lange (English, Malaya, Sundanese)
o Langage (Human differs from Animal)
o P...
LANGUAGE:
THE OBJECT OF LINGUISTICS
Langage
Lange
Parole
THE ORIGIN OF LANGUAGE:
TRADITIONAL THEORY
o Human origin is language origin (Fromkin and
Rodman, 1983:26).
o Divine Origi...
THE ORIGIN OF LANGUAGE:
MODERN APPROACH
o Human and language growth together
(Alwasilah, 1993:5).
o Human is the perfect c...
Thank You
http://edibrata.net
Introduction to Linguistics_2 Linguistics, Language and the Origin of Language New
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    1. 1. Introduction to Linguistics
    2. 2. Second Meeting: Linguistics And Language Edi Brata Mathla’ul Anwar University Banten
    3. 3. It is scientific study of language. What is Linguistics?
    4. 4. Scientific study of language, you think this?
    5. 5. Science Vs. Knowledge Systematic inquiry Experiences
    6. 6. Systematic Inquiry Theoretical Deductive Empirical Inductive
    7. 7. Naturally, human have language. Why does it needs to be learnt scientifically?
    8. 8. Naturally, human have eyes, but why do people need to learn eyes scientifically? Then, why do we have eyes’ doctor?
    9. 9. Linguist
    10. 10. Linguistics Traditional Grammar
    11. 11. • Linguistics is descriptive not prescriptive • Linguist regard the spoken language as primary, not written • Linguistics does not force into a Latin-based framework • Traditional grammar tends to use logic How does linguistics differ from traditional grammar?
    12. 12. The Scope of Linguistics
    13. 13. The Scope of Linguistics General Linguistics Vs. Specific Linguistics Synchronic Vs. Diachronic Micro Linguistics Vs. Macro Linguistics Theoretical Vs. Applied
    14. 14. WHY SHOULD WE CARE? o Because we need diversity o Because languages express identity o Because languages are repositories of history o Because languages contribute to the sum of human knowledge o Because languages are interesting in themselves
    15. 15. LANGUAGE: The Object of Linguistics
    16. 16. A system of arbitrary, vocal symbols which permits all people in a given culture, or other people who have learned the system of that culture , to communicate or to interact (Finochario, 1974:3 in Alwasilah, 1993:82). What is language?
    17. 17. Language is the method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way (Kwary, 2009). What is language?
    18. 18. A system of arbitrary vocal symbol used for human communication. What is language?
    19. 19. The Concept of Language De Saussure (1916): o Lange (English, Malaya, Sundanese) o Langage (Human differs from Animal) o Parole (Sounds)
    20. 20. LANGUAGE: THE OBJECT OF LINGUISTICS Langage Lange Parole
    21. 21. THE ORIGIN OF LANGUAGE: TRADITIONAL THEORY o Human origin is language origin (Fromkin and Rodman, 1983:26). o Divine Origin Theory (Fromkin and Rodman, 1983:17; Alwasilah: 1993:1). o Organic Phase Theory (Alwasilah: 1993:2) 1. Pooh-pooh Theory (Charles Darwin) - Emotional Expression 2. Dingdong/ Nativistic Theory (Max Muller) – Natural 3. Yo-he-ho Theory – Social Interactivity 4. Bow-wow / Onomatopoetic/ Echoic Theory – Come from Nature 5. La-la Theory – Romantic 6. Gesture Theory - Gesture before Speech
    22. 22. THE ORIGIN OF LANGUAGE: MODERN APPROACH o Human and language growth together (Alwasilah, 1993:5). o Human is the perfect creature (Alwasilah, 1993:6).
    23. 23. Thank You http://edibrata.net
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