Intro. to Linguistics_6 Phonetics (Organ of Speech, Segment, Articulation)

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The sixth meeting material. It is the first of two phonetics courses. The topic is about organ of speech, segments features of sounds, and articulation (voicing, place and manner).

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  • Intro. to Linguistics_6 Phonetics (Organ of Speech, Segment, Articulation)

    1. 1. INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS 6TH MEETING: PHONETICS (ORGAN OF SPEECH AND SEGMENTAL SOUNDS) By: Edi Brata Mathla’ul Anwar University
    2. 2. What is Phonetics?1 Organ of Speech2 Segmental Sounds (Vowel, Diphthongs, and Consonants)3 Overview Consonants Articulation (Voicing, Place, and Manner)4
    3. 3. What is Phonetics? Sound Study Phonetics Phonology/ Phonemics
    4. 4. What is Phonetics? Phonology Phonetics Phonemics
    5. 5. What is Phonetics? • The general study of the characteristics of speech sounds (Yule, 2006:30) • The study of speech sounds (Fromkin et.al., 2005:222) • The inventory and structure of the sounds speech (O’Grady et.al, 2005:15) • The concrete, instrumentally measurable physical properties and production of speech sounds (Odden, 2005:4) • The study of production, transmission and reception of speech sounds (Todd, 1995:13)
    6. 6. What is Phonetics? The study of sounds production
    7. 7. Phonetics Acoustics Auditory Articulatory
    8. 8. Acoustics (Transmission of speech sounds through the air)
    9. 9. Auditory (Perception of Sounds)
    10. 10. Articulatory (Production of speech sounds)
    11. 11. Production/ Articulatory Transmission/ Acoustics Perception/ Auditory
    12. 12. Articulatory Phonetics
    13. 13. Organ of Speech
    14. 14. Lip (Labium)  Labial
    15. 15. 1 2 1. Upper Teeth (Dentum)  Dental 2. Lower Teeth (Dentum)  Dental 3. Uvula  Uvular 4. Blade of the Tongue (Laminum)  Laminal 5. Back of the Tongue (Dorsum)  Dorsal 6. Middle of the Tongue (Medium)  Medium 7. Tip of the Tongue (Apex)  Apikal 3 5 6 7 4
    16. 16. Uvula  Uvular
    17. 17. 1. Tip (apex)  apikal 2. Blade (lamina/ laminum)  laminal 3. Middle (medium)  medial 4. Back (dorsum)  dorsal Subdivisions of the Tongue
    18. 18. Ridge (Alveolum)  Alveolar
    19. 19. Soft Palate (Velum)  Velar Hard Palate (Palatum)  Palatal
    20. 20. SEGMENTAL SOUNDS
    21. 21. Vowels Produced with a relatively free flow of air Consonants Formed when the air stream is restricted at some points between the vocal cords and the lips Difthongs ‘Combined’ vowel sounds SEGMENTAL SOUNDS
    22. 22. ARTICULATION (Consonants)
    23. 23. Consonants Articulation •Voicing •Place of Articulation •Manner of Articulation
    24. 24. Voicing Voiced Sounds which are made with vocal fold vibration Voiceless Sounds made without vocal fold vibration
    25. 25. Place of Articulation Bilabial The lower and upper lips approach or touch each other as in the sounds [p], [b], and [m]
    26. 26. Place of Articulation Labiodental The lower lip approaches or touches the upper teeth as in the sounds [f] and [v]
    27. 27. Place of Articulation Dental and Interdental The tip or blade of the tongue approaches or touches the upper teeth as in the sounds [θ] and [ð]
    28. 28. Place of Articulation Alveolar The tongue tip approaches or touches the alveolar ridge, the ridge immediately behind the upper teeth as in the sounds [t], [d], and [n], [s], [z] and [l]
    29. 29. Place of Articulation Palatal The body of the tongue approaches or touches the hard palate as in [j]. The tongue body approaches the hard palate, but closely enough to create turbulence in the airstream.
    30. 30. Place of Articulation Velar The body of the tongue approaches or touches the soft palate, or velum as in [k], [ɡ], and [ŋ].
    31. 31. Place of Articulation Glottal The glottis is the opening between the vocal folds. In an [h], this opening is narrow enough to create some turbulence in the airstream flowing past the vocal folds.
    32. 32. Oral Nasal (Velum is lowered, allowing air to enter the nasal cavity) Manners of Articulation
    33. 33. Manners of Articulation: Bilabial: p b Alveolar: t d Velar: k g Plosives (Think Explosion) or Stops
    34. 34. Manners of Articulation: Fricatives (Think Friction) Labiodental: f v Alveolar: s z Palato-alveolar or post-alveolar: ʃ Ʒ
    35. 35. Manners of Articulation: Nasal Bilabial: m Velar: ŋAlveolar: n
    36. 36. Manners of Articulation: Affricatives A combination of stop + fricative: ʧ = voiceless post-alveolar affricate ʤ = voiced post-alveolar affricate
    37. 37. Manners of Articulation: Approximant Articulators approach each other but do not touch: w r j
    38. 38. Manners of Articulation: Lateral Also called lateral approximant; air flows over sides of tongue: l

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