Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
  • Save
Intro. to Linguistics_6 Phonetics (Organ of Speech, Segment, Articulation)
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Intro. to Linguistics_6 Phonetics (Organ of Speech, Segment, Articulation)

  • 22,572 views
Published

The sixth meeting material. It is the first of two phonetics courses. The topic is about organ of speech, segments features of sounds, and articulation (voicing, place and manner).

The sixth meeting material. It is the first of two phonetics courses. The topic is about organ of speech, segments features of sounds, and articulation (voicing, place and manner).

Published in Education
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
  • very informative can i have a copy of this? can you send to my email kaleca.lebak@gmail.com
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
  • send it to me please mehdi.banoury@gmail.com
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
  • allow me to save it please
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
  • Very useful thanx
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
  • it is very good for students, do you mind if i have a copy of your presentation?
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
22,572
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
0
Comments
11
Likes
42

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide
  • This template can be used as a starter file for presenting training materials in a group setting.SectionsRight-click on a slide to add sections. Sections can help to organize your slides or facilitate collaboration between multiple authors.NotesUse the Notes section for delivery notes or to provide additional details for the audience. View these notes in Presentation View during your presentation. Keep in mind the font size (important for accessibility, visibility, videotaping, and online production)Coordinated colors Pay particular attention to the graphs, charts, and text boxes.Consider that attendees will print in black and white or grayscale. Run a test print to make sure your colors work when printed in pure black and white and grayscale.Graphics, tables, and graphsKeep it simple: If possible, use consistent, non-distracting styles and colors.Label all graphs and tables.
  • This is another option for an Overview slide.
  • Give a brief overview of the presentation. Describe the major focus of the presentation and why it is important.Introduce each of the major topics.To provide a road map for the audience, you can repeat this Overview slide throughout the presentation, highlighting the particular topic you will discuss next.
  • Give a brief overview of the presentation. Describe the major focus of the presentation and why it is important.Introduce each of the major topics.To provide a road map for the audience, you can repeat this Overview slide throughout the presentation, highlighting the particular topic you will discuss next.
  • Give a brief overview of the presentation. Describe the major focus of the presentation and why it is important.Introduce each of the major topics.To provide a road map for the audience, you can repeat this Overview slide throughout the presentation, highlighting the particular topic you will discuss next.
  • Give a brief overview of the presentation. Describe the major focus of the presentation and why it is important.Introduce each of the major topics.To provide a road map for the audience, you can repeat this Overview slide throughout the presentation, highlighting the particular topic you will discuss next.
  • Give a brief overview of the presentation. Describe the major focus of the presentation and why it is important.Introduce each of the major topics.To provide a road map for the audience, you can repeat this Overview slide throughout the presentation, highlighting the particular topic you will discuss next.
  • This is another option for an Overview slides using transitions.
  • Give a brief overview of the presentation. Describe the major focus of the presentation and why it is important.Introduce each of the major topics.To provide a road map for the audience, you can repeat this Overview slide throughout the presentation, highlighting the particular topic you will discuss next.
  • Give a brief overview of the presentation. Describe the major focus of the presentation and why it is important.Introduce each of the major topics.To provide a road map for the audience, you can repeat this Overview slide throughout the presentation, highlighting the particular topic you will discuss next.
  • Give a brief overview of the presentation. Describe the major focus of the presentation and why it is important.Introduce each of the major topics.To provide a road map for the audience, you can repeat this Overview slide throughout the presentation, highlighting the particular topic you will discuss next.
  • Give a brief overview of the presentation. Describe the major focus of the presentation and why it is important.Introduce each of the major topics.To provide a road map for the audience, you can repeat this Overview slide throughout the presentation, highlighting the particular topic you will discuss next.
  • Give a brief overview of the presentation. Describe the major focus of the presentation and why it is important.Introduce each of the major topics.To provide a road map for the audience, you can repeat this Overview slide throughout the presentation, highlighting the particular topic you will discuss next.
  • Give a brief overview of the presentation. Describe the major focus of the presentation and why it is important.Introduce each of the major topics.To provide a road map for the audience, you can repeat this Overview slide throughout the presentation, highlighting the particular topic you will discuss next.
  • Give a brief overview of the presentation. Describe the major focus of the presentation and why it is important.Introduce each of the major topics.To provide a road map for the audience, you can repeat this Overview slide throughout the presentation, highlighting the particular topic you will discuss next.
  • Give a brief overview of the presentation. Describe the major focus of the presentation and why it is important.Introduce each of the major topics.To provide a road map for the audience, you can repeat this Overview slide throughout the presentation, highlighting the particular topic you will discuss next.
  • Give a brief overview of the presentation. Describe the major focus of the presentation and why it is important.Introduce each of the major topics.To provide a road map for the audience, you can repeat this Overview slide throughout the presentation, highlighting the particular topic you will discuss next.
  • Give a brief overview of the presentation. Describe the major focus of the presentation and why it is important.Introduce each of the major topics.To provide a road map for the audience, you can repeat this Overview slide throughout the presentation, highlighting the particular topic you will discuss next.

Transcript

  • 1. INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS 6TH MEETING: PHONETICS (ORGAN OF SPEECH AND SEGMENTAL SOUNDS) By: Edi Brata Mathla’ul Anwar University
  • 2. What is Phonetics?1 Organ of Speech2 Segmental Sounds (Vowel, Diphthongs, and Consonants)3 Overview Consonants Articulation (Voicing, Place, and Manner)4
  • 3. What is Phonetics? Sound Study Phonetics Phonology/ Phonemics
  • 4. What is Phonetics? Phonology Phonetics Phonemics
  • 5. What is Phonetics? • The general study of the characteristics of speech sounds (Yule, 2006:30) • The study of speech sounds (Fromkin et.al., 2005:222) • The inventory and structure of the sounds speech (O’Grady et.al, 2005:15) • The concrete, instrumentally measurable physical properties and production of speech sounds (Odden, 2005:4) • The study of production, transmission and reception of speech sounds (Todd, 1995:13)
  • 6. What is Phonetics? The study of sounds production
  • 7. Phonetics Acoustics Auditory Articulatory
  • 8. Acoustics (Transmission of speech sounds through the air)
  • 9. Auditory (Perception of Sounds)
  • 10. Articulatory (Production of speech sounds)
  • 11. Production/ Articulatory Transmission/ Acoustics Perception/ Auditory
  • 12. Articulatory Phonetics
  • 13. Organ of Speech
  • 14. Lip (Labium)  Labial
  • 15. 1 2 1. Upper Teeth (Dentum)  Dental 2. Lower Teeth (Dentum)  Dental 3. Uvula  Uvular 4. Blade of the Tongue (Laminum)  Laminal 5. Back of the Tongue (Dorsum)  Dorsal 6. Middle of the Tongue (Medium)  Medium 7. Tip of the Tongue (Apex)  Apikal 3 5 6 7 4
  • 16. Uvula  Uvular
  • 17. 1. Tip (apex)  apikal 2. Blade (lamina/ laminum)  laminal 3. Middle (medium)  medial 4. Back (dorsum)  dorsal Subdivisions of the Tongue
  • 18. Ridge (Alveolum)  Alveolar
  • 19. Soft Palate (Velum)  Velar Hard Palate (Palatum)  Palatal
  • 20. SEGMENTAL SOUNDS
  • 21. Vowels Produced with a relatively free flow of air Consonants Formed when the air stream is restricted at some points between the vocal cords and the lips Difthongs ‘Combined’ vowel sounds SEGMENTAL SOUNDS
  • 22. ARTICULATION (Consonants)
  • 23. Consonants Articulation •Voicing •Place of Articulation •Manner of Articulation
  • 24. Voicing Voiced Sounds which are made with vocal fold vibration Voiceless Sounds made without vocal fold vibration
  • 25. Place of Articulation Bilabial The lower and upper lips approach or touch each other as in the sounds [p], [b], and [m]
  • 26. Place of Articulation Labiodental The lower lip approaches or touches the upper teeth as in the sounds [f] and [v]
  • 27. Place of Articulation Dental and Interdental The tip or blade of the tongue approaches or touches the upper teeth as in the sounds [θ] and [ð]
  • 28. Place of Articulation Alveolar The tongue tip approaches or touches the alveolar ridge, the ridge immediately behind the upper teeth as in the sounds [t], [d], and [n], [s], [z] and [l]
  • 29. Place of Articulation Palatal The body of the tongue approaches or touches the hard palate as in [j]. The tongue body approaches the hard palate, but closely enough to create turbulence in the airstream.
  • 30. Place of Articulation Velar The body of the tongue approaches or touches the soft palate, or velum as in [k], [ɡ], and [ŋ].
  • 31. Place of Articulation Glottal The glottis is the opening between the vocal folds. In an [h], this opening is narrow enough to create some turbulence in the airstream flowing past the vocal folds.
  • 32. Oral Nasal (Velum is lowered, allowing air to enter the nasal cavity) Manners of Articulation
  • 33. Manners of Articulation: Bilabial: p b Alveolar: t d Velar: k g Plosives (Think Explosion) or Stops
  • 34. Manners of Articulation: Fricatives (Think Friction) Labiodental: f v Alveolar: s z Palato-alveolar or post-alveolar: ʃ Ʒ
  • 35. Manners of Articulation: Nasal Bilabial: m Velar: ŋAlveolar: n
  • 36. Manners of Articulation: Affricatives A combination of stop + fricative: ʧ = voiceless post-alveolar affricate ʤ = voiced post-alveolar affricate
  • 37. Manners of Articulation: Approximant Articulators approach each other but do not touch: w r j
  • 38. Manners of Articulation: Lateral Also called lateral approximant; air flows over sides of tongue: l