Introduction to Linguistics
Second Meeting:Linguistics and Language                                      Edi Brata             Mathla’ul Anwar Univers...
What is Linguistics?       It is scientific study of language.
Scientific study of language, you think this?
Science Vs. Knowledge                        Systematic                          inquiry        Experiences
Systematic Inquiry        Deductive                  Inductive                     Theoretical                            ...
Naturally, human have language. Why does    it needs to be learnt scientifically?
Naturally, humanhave eyes, butwhy do peopleneed to learn eyesscientifically?Then, why do wehave eyes’ doctor?
Linguist
Linguistics   Traditional               Grammar
How does linguistics differ from      traditional grammar?• Linguistics is descriptive not prescriptive• Linguist regard t...
The Scope of Linguistics
The Scope of Linguistics           General Linguistics Vs. Specific Linguistics           Synchronic Vs. Diachronic       ...
WHY SHOULD WE CARE?o   Because we need diversityo   Because languages express identityo   Because languages are repositori...
LANGUAGE:The Object of Linguistics
A system of arbitrary, vocal symbols whichpermits all people in a given culture, or otherpeople who have learned the syste...
Language is the method of humancommunication, either spoken or written,consisting of the use of words in a structuredand c...
A system of arbitraryvocal symbol used forhuman communication.          What is        language?
The Concept of LanguageDe Saussure (1916):o Lange (English, Malaya, Sundanese)o Langage (Human differs from Animal)o Parol...
LANGUAGE:THE OBJECT OF LINGUISTICS                LangeLangage                Parole
THE ORIGIN OF LANGUAGE:              TRADITIONAL THEORYo   Human origin is language origin (Fromkin and    Rodman, 1983:26...
THE ORIGIN OF LANGUAGE:          MODERN APPROACHo   Human and language growth together    (Alwasilah, 1993:5).o   Human is...
Thank Youhttp://edibrata.com
Intro. to Linguistics_2&3 Linguistics and Language
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Intro. to Linguistics_2&3 Linguistics and Language

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It is the material that will be presented in the second and third meeting of Introduction to Linguistics. The topics discussed are about What is Linguistics?, The Character of Linguistics as a Science, What is Language? and The Origin of Language. Also, the topic talks about The Nature of Language.

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  • Transcript of "Intro. to Linguistics_2&3 Linguistics and Language"

    1. 1. Introduction to Linguistics
    2. 2. Second Meeting:Linguistics and Language Edi Brata Mathla’ul Anwar University Banten
    3. 3. What is Linguistics? It is scientific study of language.
    4. 4. Scientific study of language, you think this?
    5. 5. Science Vs. Knowledge Systematic inquiry Experiences
    6. 6. Systematic Inquiry Deductive Inductive Theoretical Empirical
    7. 7. Naturally, human have language. Why does it needs to be learnt scientifically?
    8. 8. Naturally, humanhave eyes, butwhy do peopleneed to learn eyesscientifically?Then, why do wehave eyes’ doctor?
    9. 9. Linguist
    10. 10. Linguistics Traditional Grammar
    11. 11. How does linguistics differ from traditional grammar?• Linguistics is descriptive not prescriptive• Linguist regard the spoken language as primary, not written• Linguistics does not force into a Latin-based framework• Traditional grammar tends to use logic
    12. 12. The Scope of Linguistics
    13. 13. The Scope of Linguistics General Linguistics Vs. Specific Linguistics Synchronic Vs. Diachronic Micro Linguistics Vs. Macro Linguistics Theoretical Vs. Applied
    14. 14. WHY SHOULD WE CARE?o Because we need diversityo Because languages express identityo Because languages are repositories of historyo Because languages contribute to the sum of human knowledgeo Because languages are interesting in themselves
    15. 15. LANGUAGE:The Object of Linguistics
    16. 16. A system of arbitrary, vocal symbols whichpermits all people in a given culture, or otherpeople who have learned the system of thatculture , to communicate or to interact (Finochario,1974:3 in Alwasilah, 1993:82). What is language?
    17. 17. Language is the method of humancommunication, either spoken or written,consisting of the use of words in a structuredand conventional way (Kwary, 2009). What is language?
    18. 18. A system of arbitraryvocal symbol used forhuman communication. What is language?
    19. 19. The Concept of LanguageDe Saussure (1916):o Lange (English, Malaya, Sundanese)o Langage (Human differs from Animal)o Parole (Sounds)
    20. 20. LANGUAGE:THE OBJECT OF LINGUISTICS LangeLangage Parole
    21. 21. THE ORIGIN OF LANGUAGE: TRADITIONAL THEORYo Human origin is language origin (Fromkin and Rodman, 1983:26).o Divine Origin Theory (Fromkin and Rodman, 1983:17; Alwasilah: 1993:1).o Organic Phase Theory (Alwasilah: 1993:2) 1. Pooh-pooh Theory (Charles Darwin) - Emotional Expression 2. Dingdong/ Nativistic Theory (Max Muller) – Natural 3. Yo-he-ho Theory – Social Interactivity 4. Bow-wow / Onomatopoetic/ Echoic Theory – Come from Nature 5. La-la Theory – Romantic 6. Gesture Theory - Gesture before Speech
    22. 22. THE ORIGIN OF LANGUAGE: MODERN APPROACHo Human and language growth together (Alwasilah, 1993:5).o Human is the perfect creature (Alwasilah, 1993:6).
    23. 23. Thank Youhttp://edibrata.com

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