Edi Brata                                     Mathla’ul Anwar UniversityPsycholinguistics 2: Language Acquisition         ...
Language Acquisition   First        Second                  Foreign Language      Language                LanguageAcquisit...
First Language       AcquisitionThe process of how children acquire their native language
First Language Acquisition •A child’s mind is like a blank slate   •Children do not need any kind of •All knowledge comes ...
Noam Chomsky’s L-A-DChomsky’s theory of the LAD   (Language Acquisition Device)   states that every human is born   with i...
Critical Period of Age  Language Stage                      Beginning Age  » Crying!                           Birth  » Co...
Language Acquisition Device                              LAD can prevent the children from using incorrect rules of       ...
Autonomous  Learner
Second LanguageAcquisition
o Similar to first language acquisition (L1)o Hypotheses makero Sufficient exposure and opportunities to  use the language...
Foreign LanguageAcquisition
Chomsky states:“… Language learning is not something that a child doesbut it is something that happens to the child placed...
Foreign Language Acquisition       Children can         They need                                                    These...
Qualities     possessed            by              Learners in FLL:              o UG wired in the brainForeign       o (F...
Second and Foreign Language AcquisitionFundamental difference between L1 and L2/FL Acquisition:• All children learn their ...
Second and Foreign Language AcquisitionDespite the disadvantages of learning a second language in  adulthood, adults are n...
Adult Learners» Analytical learners» Language inhibition, self-  esteem/confidence» Insufficient time in learning» Insuffi...
Second                Foreign Language              LanguageAcquisition           Acquisition        Language Learning
Signal Learning                 Stimulus-Response                 Chaining                 Verbal AssociationLearning Type...
TransferSimplification                 Learning         Interference                 Strategies                 Generaliza...
SanguineCholeric   Personality     Phlegmatic             Melancholic
Thank YouSee You!!!
Intro. to Linguistics_16 Psycholinguistics 2 (Language Acquisition)
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Intro. to Linguistics_16 Psycholinguistics 2 (Language Acquisition)

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  • Intro. to Linguistics_16 Psycholinguistics 2 (Language Acquisition)

    1. 1. Edi Brata Mathla’ul Anwar UniversityPsycholinguistics 2: Language Acquisition (16th Session of Introduction to Linguistics)
    2. 2. Language Acquisition First Second Foreign Language Language LanguageAcquisition Acquisition Acquisition We have features for every step of the way
    3. 3. First Language AcquisitionThe process of how children acquire their native language
    4. 4. First Language Acquisition •A child’s mind is like a blank slate •Children do not need any kind of •All knowledge comes from formal teaching to learn to experience speak. •Environment shapes learning and •Children are born with a natural behavior capacity to learn language. •Children react to their •The brain contains systems for surroundings recognizing patterns of sound. •Children learn language from •Children are biologically •Input programmed for language. •Trial and error •Chomsky’s theories and “critical period” theories are important in •Error correction nativist theories. Behaviorist Nativist
    5. 5. Noam Chomsky’s L-A-DChomsky’s theory of the LAD (Language Acquisition Device) states that every human is born with innate principles of language.Children learn language spontaneously and speak creatively.The “poverty of the stimulus theory” states that what children hear is incomplete and often ungrammatical, and cannot account for the creativity of their utterances.
    6. 6. Critical Period of Age Language Stage Beginning Age » Crying! Birth » Cooing! 6 weeks » Babbling! 6 months » Intonation patterns! 8 months » One-word utterances! 1 year » Two-word utterances! 18 months » Word inflections! 2 years » Questions, negations! 2 1/4 years » Rare and complex constructions! 5 years » Mature speech! 10 years
    7. 7. Language Acquisition Device LAD can prevent the children from using incorrect rules of language and can discover language rules in the process of acquiring language.
    8. 8. Autonomous Learner
    9. 9. Second LanguageAcquisition
    10. 10. o Similar to first language acquisition (L1)o Hypotheses makero Sufficient exposure and opportunities to use the languageo Native language interference in second language learning (L2)
    11. 11. Foreign LanguageAcquisition
    12. 12. Chomsky states:“… Language learning is not something that a child doesbut it is something that happens to the child placed in an appropriate environment,…”
    13. 13. Foreign Language Acquisition Children can They need These acquire any environment that preconditions language since provide sufficient make the learning they also possess exposure to the of EFL similar to several qualities language and that of English as L1 owned by L1 and L2 opportunities to and L2 children. use it.
    14. 14. Qualities possessed by Learners in FLL: o UG wired in the brainForeign o (For children) critical period of ageLanguage in learning languageAcquisition o Environment/language community o Sufficient exposure to the language o Social beings o Sufficient opportunities to use the language for communicative purposes o May take longer time
    15. 15. Second and Foreign Language AcquisitionFundamental difference between L1 and L2/FL Acquisition:• All children learn their first language easily and well whereas adults vary in their ultimate mastery of a second language.• Children do not need to be taught their first language whereas adults benefit from formal instruction.• Children are intrinsically motivated to learn their native language whereas adult mastery of a second language is dependent upon attitude, motivation, and aptitude.
    16. 16. Second and Foreign Language AcquisitionDespite the disadvantages of learning a second language in adulthood, adults are naturally endowed with important L2 learning abilities:• mature problem-solving abilities• general understanding about the nature of human interaction• competence in native language
    17. 17. Adult Learners» Analytical learners» Language inhibition, self- esteem/confidence» Insufficient time in learning» Insufficient exposure» Insufficient opportunities to use the language» Motivation» Way of learning at school» UG?» Critical period?
    18. 18. Second Foreign Language LanguageAcquisition Acquisition Language Learning
    19. 19. Signal Learning Stimulus-Response Chaining Verbal AssociationLearning Types Multiple Discrimination Concept Learning Principle Learning Problem Solving
    20. 20. TransferSimplification Learning Interference Strategies Generalization
    21. 21. SanguineCholeric Personality Phlegmatic Melancholic
    22. 22. Thank YouSee You!!!

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