Essay writing 4th

  • 1,572 views
Uploaded on

 

More in: Technology , Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
1,572
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
68
Comments
0
Likes
1

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. What is Unity? Unity means single idea. In other words, unity in writing is the connection all ideas to a single topic. In an essay all ideas should relate to the thesis statement, and the supporting ideas in a main body paragraph should relate to the topic sentence. For example, if your essay is about the advantages of nuclear power, discuss only that. Do not discuss about the disadvantages. http://edibrata.wordpress.com 2
  • 2. Keeping Unity in an Essay One way to keep unity in an essay is to edit the outline for ideas that are not relevant to the thesis statement or topic sentence. Also, after you have written the essay, it is helpful to review the text and look for ideas that do not relate to the thesis statement or the topic sentence. http://edibrata.wordpress.com 3
  • 3. What is Coherence? Coherence is related to unity. Ideas that are arranged in a clear and logical way are coherent. The purpose of coherence is to make the readers can easily understand the main points. http://edibrata.wordpress.com 4
  • 4. How to Make Our Essay Coherence? When organising your ideas, think about what type of organisation is the best for your topic or essay type. Here are some examples of types of writing and good ways to organise them Type of Writing Type of Organisation Chronology Order by time or order of events/ steps Description Order by position, size, and shape of things Classification Group of ideas and explain them in a logical order Comparison/ Contrast Organise in point-by-point or block style Argumentation/ persuasion/ cause effect Order from least important to most important http://edibrata.wordpress.com 5
  • 5. How to Make Our Essay Coherence? Cohesive Devices Cohesive devices are words and phrases that connect sentences and paragraphs together, creating a smooth flow of ideas. Here are three kinds of cohesive devices that can be used: 1.transition signals 2.pronoun references 3.repetion of key noun http://edibrata.wordpress.com 6
  • 6. How to Make Our Essay Coherence? Cohesive Devices (Transition Signals) Transition signals can be categorized into three groups by grammatical function. The three groups are: a.sentence connectors (including transition phrases and conjunctive adverbs) , b.clause connectors (including coordinating conjunctions and subordinating conjunctions), and c.mixed group called others. http://edibrata.wordpress.com 7
  • 7. How to Make Our Essay Coherence? Cohesive Devices (Transition Signals) Meaning/ Function To introduce similar additional idea To compare things To introduce an opposite idea, and to contrast things Clause Connectors Sentence Connectors Coordinators Subordinators Others (Adjectives, Verbs, and Prepositions) also besides furthermore in addition moreover too also likewise similarly too and nor (“and not)   another an additional and both ... and not only ... but also neither ... nor as just as however in contrast instead in/ by comparison nevertheless nonetheless on the other hand on the contrary still but yet although even though though whereas while as ... as like/ alike just like similar to be alike be similar despite in spite of compared to/ with be different (from) be dissimilar be unlike differ (from) http://edibrata.wordpress.com 8
  • 8. How to Make Our Essay Coherence? Cohesive Devices (Transition Signals) Meaning/ Function To introduce example To emphasize To explain restate To introduce alternative Clause Connectors Sentence Connectors an for example for instance in fact and indeed that is an otherwise To signal first, second, etc. chronological order first of all then, next now, then, soon last finally meanwhile gradually after that since then http://edibrata.wordpress.com Coordinators Others (Adjectives, Verbs, and Prepositions) Subordinators         such as an example of         or if unless     after as as soon as before since until when while the first, the second the next, the last, the final before lunch after the war since .... in the year ... 9
  • 9. How to Make Our Essay Coherence? Cohesive Devices (Transition Signals) Meaning/ Function To indicate order of above all importance first and foremost more/ most importantly/ significantly primarily   To introduce a cause   or reason To introduce effect or result Clause Connectors Sentence Connectors an accordingly as a result as a consequence consequently hence, thus therefore http://edibrata.wordpress.com Coordinators Subordinators Others (Adjectives, Verbs, and Prepositions)     a more important the most important the second most significant the primaily for because since as So   result from be the result of due to because of the effect of the consequence of as a result of as a consequence of result in cause have an effect on affect the cause of the reason for 10
  • 10. How to Make Our Essay Coherence? Cohesive Devices (Transition Signals) Meaning/ Function To conclude Clause Connectors Sentence Connectors all in all, in brief, in conclusion, in short, in summary, indeed, http://edibrata.wordpress.com Coordinators   Subordinators   Others (Adjectives, Verbs, and Prepositions) It is clear that ... We can see that ... The evidence suggets that ... These examples show that ... 11
  • 11. How to Make Our Essay Coherence? Cohesive Devices (Pronoun References) Two sentences can be connected by the use of pronoun. A pronoun (he, she, it, they, etc.) takes the place of a noun (a person, place, thing, or idea) or noun phrase (several words that refer to a person, place, thing, or idea). Example: Gold has a lustrous beauty that is resistant to corrosion. Therefore, it is suitable for jewelry, coins, and ornamental puposes. The pronoun it refers back to the subject, Gold, and connects the two sentence together. http://edibrata.wordpress.com 12
  • 12. How to Make Our Essay Coherence? Cohesive Noun) Devices (Repetition of Key Another way to connect ideas in an essay is by repeating important words and phrases. This will help the reader remember the main ideas in the text. Example: Modern medicine focuses on illness. If a patient with a cough visits a modern doctor, then the doctor will give the patient a medicine to stop the cough. If the patient also has a fever, the doctor may give a different medicine to stop the fever. For every person with a cough, the doctor will probably recommend the same cough medicine. The philosophy of modern medicine is to stop problems like coughing and fever as quickly as possible. http://edibrata.wordpress.com 13
  • 13. How to Make Our Essay Coherence? Cohesive Noun) Devices (Repetition of Key Another way to connect ideas in an essay is by repeating important words and phrases. This will help the reader remember the main ideas in the text. Example: Modern medicine focuses on illness. If a patient with a cough visits a modern doctor, then the doctor will give the patient a medicine to stop the cough. If the patient also has a fever, the doctor may give a different medicine to stop the fever. For every person with a cough, the doctor will probably recommend the same cough medicine. The philosophy of modern medicine is to stop problems like coughing and fever as quickly as possible. http://edibrata.wordpress.com 14
  • 14. How to Make Our Essay Coherence? Cohesive Noun) Devices (Repetition of Key Another way to connect ideas in an essay is by repeating important words and phrases. This will help the reader remember the main ideas in the text. Example: Modern medicine focuses on illness. If a patient with a cough visits a modern doctor, then the doctor will give the patient a medicine to stop the cough. If the patient also has a fever, the doctor may give a different medicine to stop the fever. For every person with a cough, the doctor will probably recommend the same cough medicine. The philosophy of modern medicine is to stop problems like coughing and fever as quickly as possible. http://edibrata.wordpress.com 15
  • 15. Transitions Link ideas so that they relate to one another in the same way as a result similarly therefore likewise finally while in conclusion on the other hand in summary although lastly however in addition