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Administrative theory as political theory

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powerpoint slide for my assignment (theory of public administration) in Brawijaya University, Indonesia

powerpoint slide for my assignment (theory of public administration) in Brawijaya University, Indonesia

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  • 1. AdministrativeTheory AsPoliticalTheory DwightWaldo’sTheAdministrativeState(1948) Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
  • 2. Hi, there … Theories of Bureaucratic Politics Dwight Waldo (1913 – October 27, 2000) was an American political scientist and is perhaps the defining figure in modern public administration. Waldo's career was often directed against a scientific/technical portrayal of bureaucracy and government that suggests the term public management as opposed to public administration.
  • 3. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics In his book, The Administrative State (1948) … Waldo challenged mainstreamscholars' viewof public administration atthat time
  • 4. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics First ….
  • 5. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics That public administration must be a value-free, non-partisan social science that promised to make government more efficient and effective.
  • 6. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics Second, and (probably) the most important …. Waldo argued that administrativescholarship wasitselfdrivenbya particularphilosophyof politics am I shrinking ??
  • 7. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics Five keys issues in political philosophy are: Yes, I am!!. Damn…
  • 8. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics 1. The nature of the “Good Life” Please bring me back to normal size.. Or a vision of what the “good society” should look like
  • 9. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics 2. The criteria of Action ……. Or the procedures for determining how collective decision should be made
  • 10. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics 3. The question of Who Should Rule …….
  • 11. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics 4. The question of How the powers of the state should be divided and apportioned …….
  • 12. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics 5. The question of centralization vs. decentralization ……. Or the relative merits of a unitary state versus federal system
  • 13. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics Mr. Waldo, what is your opinion about administration in modern democratic government?
  • 14. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics Administration is frequently claimed to be at the coreofmoderndemocratic government, and that this claim helps justify the entire disciplineofpublicadministration Tell me more about it Sir…
  • 15. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics If this claim has merit, it implies that democratictheory mustdealwith administration, and that administrative theorymustdeal withdemocraticpolitics. Let me digest it slowly…
  • 16. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics The political philosophy inherent in public administration scholarship not as an attempt to usurp democracy, but as a necessary corrective to save it. Hmm…
  • 17. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics At a minimum, I argued, the concept of democracy and all its messy implications had to be brought back into administrative theory @#$%..... ??!
  • 18. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics Administrative scholars had to recognize that their central principle -efficiency- was not value neutral, and that its uneasy relationship with democratic principles hadtobe recognized. (Waldo 1952, 90) It’s hard for a frog like me..
  • 19. VS Theories of Bureaucratic Politics in an essay in American Political Science Review, Waldo singled out Herbert Simon’s argument of administration
  • 20. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics It’s about the possibility of ascienceofadministration.
  • 21. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics It was conceivable if it (administration) limited its attention to decisions centered on facts as opposed to values.
  • 22. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics Decisions of fact were central to the administrative realm, and could be scientifically guided towards the overall goal efficiency. Idonotagreewith that..
  • 23. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics Why? Youjustsimplyrecasting the problem by substituting alogical division ofpolitics andadministration foraninstitutional division, …
  • 24. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics Andwasdoing sotopreservethe central principle oforthodox administrative theory, namely, efficiency. What’s wrong with efficiency then?
  • 25. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics Efficiency couldnotremainthediscipline’s talisman against politics, because administration ispolitical. Efficiencyitselfis a political claim. Give me an example…
  • 26. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics Iwillgiveyouanexample… by giving youaquestion. Shout it out!
  • 27. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics How doesoneassestheefficiency of,say,a library,orthe Department ofDefense? ??????
  • 28. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics Ifefficiency isdefined asaninput-output ratio,onehasachoice ofinputs andoutputs toassesefficiency inboth instances,… …..
  • 29. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics although none istheunassailably objective “factual” option. …..
  • 30. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics Aschoosing among these options unavoidably involve value decisions, notjust facts,efficiency can hardly be value-neutral. (Stone 2002,65) Hi,pleasereadtherest ofthisdebateyourself,I wentontheoffensive. Thiscanbealong conversation!
  • 31. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics Thecentral problem ofdemocratic administrative theory, asofalldemocratic theory, ishowtoreconciledemocracy... I’mouttahere… Don’tforgettostudy!!
  • 32. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics Irepeat,is howtoreconciledemocracy... withthedemandsofauthority. Mr.Simon,whereare you?… Don’tleaveme!
  • 33. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics Ithink it’s timetogo. Seeyouguys!!!!. AsMr.Simonsaid,don’t forgettostudy. NoPAINNoGAIN!!
  • 34. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics NoONELeftBEHIND!!
  • 35. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics This is my finalstatement, (actually it’s written in the book :p ), … Waldo bestowed this grand andsweeping question upon thediscipline rather than provide itsanswer,but…
  • 36. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics The question is surely enough to justifythe needtomeld administrativetheorywith politicaltheory, to motivatethesearch for a theoryofbureaucratic politics.
  • 37. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics GroupOne -VeronikaHannaNaibaho(006) - EdhieWibowo(007) - AgustinaRatriHendrowati(009) - MirnaSaraswati(022) Thank You!! For your attention!

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