Hilo, Hawai‘i - SDAT Team
Presentation and Recommendations




          May 5 – 7, 2009
What is an SDAT?

  The Sustainable Design Assessment Team
  program provides broad assessments to help
frame future polic...
SDAT principals:

•Multi-Disciplinary Team
•Objective Outsiders
•Community Participation
Three Elements of Sustainability
•   Environmental
    Stewardship
•   Social Equity                            Environmen...
Checklist of Issues

Environmental:                     Social:                  Economic:
      Air Quality            Ho...
The Heart of Hilo
THERE WAS A TIME WHEN THE
 MOUNTAINS OF HILO WERE
  BANNED FROM REACHING
       HILO’S SEAS
THE STREAMS THAT ONCE
NOURISHED HILO’S HEART
HAD NOWHERE TO GO AND
AFTER MANY YEARS – THEY
        DRIED UP
THE FISH WERE NOT ABLE TO
     REACH THE SEAS
SO THE SEA BIRDS LEFT HILO
 FOR THE OTHER ISLANDS IN
     SEARCH OF FOOD
OVER THE YEARS HILO’S
HEART - PIKO HARDENED…
WHERE THERE WAS ONCE
ALOHA, THERE WAS FIRE -
  AHI AND SMOKE -UAHI
…ONE DAY, THEN THE
MAKANI AHE AHE WINDS
   BLEW INTO HILO
THE MAKANI BROUGHT
     ALONG WITH IT THE
  FLOWERS OF THE ‘ŌHI‘A-
LEHUA TREE THAT HELD THE
    ‘ANO‘ANO (SEEDS) OF
      ...
THESE SEEDS FILLED THE
CRACKS THAT COVERED
    HILO’S HEART
…THE MAKANI ALSO BLEW IN
 THE AO PANOPANO RAIN
       CLOUDS…
…AND IT RAINED FOR MANY
      MANY DAYS….
…IT RAINED SO MUCH THAT THE
 SEEDS GREW INTO BEAUTIFUL
 TREES….THE RIVERS KAHAWAI
  OVERFLOWED AND TORE UP
HILO’S HARD COV...
…AS THE MOUNTAINS
  REACHED TOWARDS THE
SEAS…FISH PONDS DOTTED
     THE ISLAND ONCE
   AGAIN…THE SEABIRDS
 RETURNED…AND FL...
…AND ONCE AGAIN HILO’S
 HEART WAS FILLED WITH
ALOHA AND GRATITUDE….
Defining Sustainability
       Hawaiian Tradition of Subsistence

Kua‘aina: Respect the
resources and the
spirits of the l...
Defining Sustainability
      Hawaiian Tradition of Subsistence
Hō‘ailona: Observe the
natural signs important
for a sense...
Defining Sustainability
     Hawaiian Tradition of Subsistence

Cultural Kīpuka: Sharing +
redistribution of resources
cre...
Defining Sustainability
     Hawaiian Tradition of Subsistence

Lōkahi: Unity, harmony,
balance.
Time spent in the natural...
Defining Sustainability
Hawaiian Tradition of Subsistence

                Wahi pana: Develop
                stewardship ...
Historic Preservation & Sustainability

• Historic Buildings tell a
  story of a time in Hilo
  when we used less
  energy...
Building Elements
• Tall first floors provide natural light deeper into
  the building
• Ventilation in upper walls provid...
Building Elements
• Canopies protect from rain and sun
• All elements create a distinctive Hilo streetscape
  & promote pe...
Building Elements
• Mixed uses promote economic activity
• Emotional attachments
Codes vs Revitalization
• Existing codes (zoning, building,
  urban design guidelines, storm
  management) make it difficu...
Tsunamis
• Tsunamis have changed the shape of
  Hilo and may do so again.
• Hilo has done a good job to make
  people safe.
Resiliency

“Resiliency means
accepting that this is
going to happen at
some point in the
future, and planning
for it toda...
Everyone wants to keep Hilo, Hilo
But, what does this mean?
But, what does this mean?
                           •“Old Hawai‘i”
             •For residents—not tourists
     •A livin...
Many of you do not want Change.
Others of you want lots of it.
Truth is, you either get the Change
   you plan for, or the Change that
                         just comes.
The EDH 2025 Plan calls for a
number of initiatives for Renewal &
Growth
A few guiding suggestions.
The Place as a Brand.
Is this shoe more desirable?
Or, maybe this one?
A brand is an assortment of expectations
established by the seller that, once fulfilled,
 forms a covenant with its buyers...
What is the brand for Downtown Hilo?




 scale…material….height…views…a family of
        styles…..culture & attitude.
First principle: That which
you do not legally protect you
will likely lose.
 and
Second principle: That which
you do not ...
Third principle: Strong retail
is inherently more sustainable
Fourth principle: Strong
LOCAL brands can be sold to
the world.
Fourth principle:strong
LOCAL brands can be sold to
the world.
Fourth principle: Strong
LOCAL brands can be sold to
the world.
The Goals:
• Become known globally as
the "True Hawai‘i", the place
where Paradise is lived
everyday.

• Develop portals f...
Protecting & Projecting Downtown
Hilo Through Codes
Recommendation 1: Protect history
and guide development with a
form-based code



                           QuickTime™ an...
Recommendation 1: Protect history
and guide development with a
form-based code
Recommendation 1: Protect history
and guide development with a
form-based code
Recommendation 1: Protect history
and guide development with a
form-based code
View Downtown Hilo as a series of Districts

                           Art + Culture


           Heart of Hilo

        ...
Hilo Youth
Teens | College Students | Young Adults
What we heard

         Center for Youth
         Community

         Sense of Safety and
         Welcome

         Hango...
Connecting Youth with Downtown Hilo


                                           Connections



                          ...
Housing and Economic
    Development
Urban Space for Youth
•   Make downtown family/youth friendly
•   Restrooms
•   Youth zone
•   Sports, arts, activities
• ...
Housing Accessibility
•   Housing and economic development
•   What kind
•   Where
•   How
•   Infill and live /work units...
Mixed Use
•   Mixed-use residential/other housing
•   Live work units and co-housing
•   Single small units
•   Mixed unit...
Housing Options
• Communal arrangements
• symbiotic
Social Equity
•   Homelessness
•   Type of homeless
•   Detox center
•   What do they need
•   Screening (for drugs, illne...
Universal Design
• Access for disabled
  – Progress has been made
  – Some rough areas
• Change Sidewalks to volcanic surf...
Universal Design
•   Pedestrian friendly sidewalk design
•   Volcanic surfacing
•   Re-do rough spots
•   Ties in to light...
Economic Incentives
•   Financing and incentives
•   Free short term parking
•   Tax abatements for added value
•   Tax ab...
Sustainable connections
FOUR PRINCIPLES
• Downtown is a Destination
• The Street Network Must Connect, not
  Divide
• Streets are for Everybody
• ...
1. Hilo’s Downtown is a Destination
• It is not a place to Go To not
  Pass Through
• It is a place to experience
• A plac...
• Therefore connections to the Downtown
  must flow into the area not rush by
• Slow traffic is safe, good for business, a...
REGIONAL
        GATEWAY
                                                          HOTELS
POTENTIAL                       ...
2. The Street Network Must
          Connect - Not Divide
•   Create new connections into Downtown
•   Embrace the waterfr...
3. Streets for Everybody
UNIVERSAL DESIGN
• Kūpuna
• Children
• Bicyclists
• Strollers
• Sampans
• Transit
4. Distinct Parking Strategies
• PAID VERSUS FREE
• 30 MIN VERSUS ALL-
  DAY
• PARKING TARGETS
  – Residents
  – Visitors ...
Sewer
 and
Energy




Parking
District


               Long Term
                Parking
           Transit
           Ce...
Vision Plan for Downtown Hilo




             KE
              AW
                  E


                            I
   ...
Actions to Consider
• Simplify and consolidate waterfront roads
• Develop a plan for parking that allows for shared parkin...
What happens next with the
            SDAT?
• 2-3 Months: SDAT Report delivered to the
  community
• Up to 12 Months: Con...
AIA Center for Communities by
 Design: Contact Information
       www.aia.org/liv_sdat
         SDAT@aia.org

      AIA Na...
SDAT Presentation for Downtown Hilo
SDAT Presentation for Downtown Hilo
SDAT Presentation for Downtown Hilo
SDAT Presentation for Downtown Hilo
SDAT Presentation for Downtown Hilo
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SDAT Presentation for Downtown Hilo

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This file contains the slide show presented at the second Public Meeting for the Sustainable Design Assessment Team Program for Downtown Hilo, which was held on May 7, 2009.

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SDAT Presentation for Downtown Hilo

  1. 1. Hilo, Hawai‘i - SDAT Team Presentation and Recommendations May 5 – 7, 2009
  2. 2. What is an SDAT? The Sustainable Design Assessment Team program provides broad assessments to help frame future policies and sustainability solutions.
  3. 3. SDAT principals: •Multi-Disciplinary Team •Objective Outsiders •Community Participation
  4. 4. Three Elements of Sustainability • Environmental Stewardship • Social Equity Environment • Economic Physical Basis Sense of Development/Growth for Prosperity Place COMMUNITY SUSTAINABILITY All planning decisions must be assessed based on all three Economics Demand for Equity Products and elements- advances in only Services one, to the detriment of the others, is not sustainable.
  5. 5. Checklist of Issues Environmental: Social: Economic: Air Quality Housing / Affordability Revitalization Water Quality / Quantity Public Spaces Diversity Open Spaces Ethnic / Racial Issues Jobs Wildlife Habitat / Demographic Public Services Wetlands Income Shifts Public Policy / Planning Rivers / Streams / Bay Education Agricultural Preservation Flooding and Drought Sense of Community / Place Traffic Congestion Natural Disaster Pedestrian / Bicycle Options Transportation Transit and Land Use Access to Jobs / Housing Energy Efficiency Managing Growth
  6. 6. The Heart of Hilo
  7. 7. THERE WAS A TIME WHEN THE MOUNTAINS OF HILO WERE BANNED FROM REACHING HILO’S SEAS
  8. 8. THE STREAMS THAT ONCE NOURISHED HILO’S HEART HAD NOWHERE TO GO AND AFTER MANY YEARS – THEY DRIED UP
  9. 9. THE FISH WERE NOT ABLE TO REACH THE SEAS SO THE SEA BIRDS LEFT HILO FOR THE OTHER ISLANDS IN SEARCH OF FOOD
  10. 10. OVER THE YEARS HILO’S HEART - PIKO HARDENED… WHERE THERE WAS ONCE ALOHA, THERE WAS FIRE - AHI AND SMOKE -UAHI
  11. 11. …ONE DAY, THEN THE MAKANI AHE AHE WINDS BLEW INTO HILO
  12. 12. THE MAKANI BROUGHT ALONG WITH IT THE FLOWERS OF THE ‘ŌHI‘A- LEHUA TREE THAT HELD THE ‘ANO‘ANO (SEEDS) OF CHANGE
  13. 13. THESE SEEDS FILLED THE CRACKS THAT COVERED HILO’S HEART
  14. 14. …THE MAKANI ALSO BLEW IN THE AO PANOPANO RAIN CLOUDS… …AND IT RAINED FOR MANY MANY DAYS….
  15. 15. …IT RAINED SO MUCH THAT THE SEEDS GREW INTO BEAUTIFUL TREES….THE RIVERS KAHAWAI OVERFLOWED AND TORE UP HILO’S HARD COVER…THE HARD COVER FLOWED TOWARDS THE OCEAN AND BREACHED THE BARRIERS …
  16. 16. …AS THE MOUNTAINS REACHED TOWARDS THE SEAS…FISH PONDS DOTTED THE ISLAND ONCE AGAIN…THE SEABIRDS RETURNED…AND FLOCKED THE MANY TREES THAT NOW ADORNED HILO’S HEART
  17. 17. …AND ONCE AGAIN HILO’S HEART WAS FILLED WITH ALOHA AND GRATITUDE….
  18. 18. Defining Sustainability Hawaiian Tradition of Subsistence Kua‘aina: Respect the resources and the spirits of the land, forest and ocean. Take only what is needed from the land, ocean and nature.
  19. 19. Defining Sustainability Hawaiian Tradition of Subsistence Hō‘ailona: Observe the natural signs important for a sense of direction and well being. Respect and protect knowledge and skill that has been passed down inter-generationally.
  20. 20. Defining Sustainability Hawaiian Tradition of Subsistence Cultural Kīpuka: Sharing + redistribution of resources creates a social environment that cultivates community kinship ties, and support, as well as care for the elderly and prescribed roles for youth.
  21. 21. Defining Sustainability Hawaiian Tradition of Subsistence Lōkahi: Unity, harmony, balance. Time spent in the natural environment develops a strong sense of environmental kinship that is the foundation of Hawaiian spirituality.
  22. 22. Defining Sustainability Hawaiian Tradition of Subsistence Wahi pana: Develop stewardship and reinforce knowledge about the landscape, place-names, meanings and ancient sites.
  23. 23. Historic Preservation & Sustainability • Historic Buildings tell a story of a time in Hilo when we used less energy and resources • Ultimate in recycling • Saves embodied energy • Reduces waste stream to landfill
  24. 24. Building Elements • Tall first floors provide natural light deeper into the building • Ventilation in upper walls provide natural ventilation
  25. 25. Building Elements • Canopies protect from rain and sun • All elements create a distinctive Hilo streetscape & promote pedestrian activity
  26. 26. Building Elements • Mixed uses promote economic activity • Emotional attachments
  27. 27. Codes vs Revitalization • Existing codes (zoning, building, urban design guidelines, storm management) make it difficult to restore old buildings • Create new code(s) for downtown – Form based code(s) for new buildings – Designate downtown an historic landmark district – Specify alternate methods, existing Building Code • Education
  28. 28. Tsunamis • Tsunamis have changed the shape of Hilo and may do so again. • Hilo has done a good job to make people safe.
  29. 29. Resiliency “Resiliency means accepting that this is going to happen at some point in the future, and planning for it today”
  30. 30. Everyone wants to keep Hilo, Hilo
  31. 31. But, what does this mean?
  32. 32. But, what does this mean? •“Old Hawai‘i” •For residents—not tourists •A living place—for many people & activities •Not about the chain store, but the local merchant
  33. 33. Many of you do not want Change.
  34. 34. Others of you want lots of it.
  35. 35. Truth is, you either get the Change you plan for, or the Change that just comes.
  36. 36. The EDH 2025 Plan calls for a number of initiatives for Renewal & Growth
  37. 37. A few guiding suggestions.
  38. 38. The Place as a Brand.
  39. 39. Is this shoe more desirable?
  40. 40. Or, maybe this one?
  41. 41. A brand is an assortment of expectations established by the seller that, once fulfilled, forms a covenant with its buyers. A brand covenant is an implicit guarantee that what consumers see is what they get.
  42. 42. What is the brand for Downtown Hilo? scale…material….height…views…a family of styles…..culture & attitude.
  43. 43. First principle: That which you do not legally protect you will likely lose. and Second principle: That which you do not define as future development you will likely not get.
  44. 44. Third principle: Strong retail is inherently more sustainable
  45. 45. Fourth principle: Strong LOCAL brands can be sold to the world.
  46. 46. Fourth principle:strong LOCAL brands can be sold to the world.
  47. 47. Fourth principle: Strong LOCAL brands can be sold to the world.
  48. 48. The Goals: • Become known globally as the "True Hawai‘i", the place where Paradise is lived everyday. • Develop portals for delivering "True Hawai‘i" to shoppers of the world.
  49. 49. Protecting & Projecting Downtown Hilo Through Codes
  50. 50. Recommendation 1: Protect history and guide development with a form-based code QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  51. 51. Recommendation 1: Protect history and guide development with a form-based code
  52. 52. Recommendation 1: Protect history and guide development with a form-based code
  53. 53. Recommendation 1: Protect history and guide development with a form-based code
  54. 54. View Downtown Hilo as a series of Districts Art + Culture Heart of Hilo Entertainment District Market District
  55. 55. Hilo Youth Teens | College Students | Young Adults
  56. 56. What we heard Center for Youth Community Sense of Safety and Welcome Hangouts for Teens after school Offerings for University Students
  57. 57. Connecting Youth with Downtown Hilo Connections Park Elem. School High School Private  Schools Middle  School Private  Boys+Girls Schools Club
  58. 58. Housing and Economic Development
  59. 59. Urban Space for Youth • Make downtown family/youth friendly • Restrooms • Youth zone • Sports, arts, activities • Hang outs • Safety, eyes of community • Lighting
  60. 60. Housing Accessibility • Housing and economic development • What kind • Where • How • Infill and live /work units • Downtown residents will enhance Hilo. – People can live where there are few stores, but stores cannot exist where there are few people.
  61. 61. Mixed Use • Mixed-use residential/other housing • Live work units and co-housing • Single small units • Mixed unit sizes • Courtyard community
  62. 62. Housing Options • Communal arrangements • symbiotic
  63. 63. Social Equity • Homelessness • Type of homeless • Detox center • What do they need • Screening (for drugs, illness, or even vision)
  64. 64. Universal Design • Access for disabled – Progress has been made – Some rough areas • Change Sidewalks to volcanic surface – Chance to unify image while reducing slick surfaces
  65. 65. Universal Design • Pedestrian friendly sidewalk design • Volcanic surfacing • Re-do rough spots • Ties in to lighting and image • Move Bayfront highway
  66. 66. Economic Incentives • Financing and incentives • Free short term parking • Tax abatements for added value • Tax abatements for housing
  67. 67. Sustainable connections
  68. 68. FOUR PRINCIPLES • Downtown is a Destination • The Street Network Must Connect, not Divide • Streets are for Everybody • Distinct Parking Strategies for each User
  69. 69. 1. Hilo’s Downtown is a Destination • It is not a place to Go To not Pass Through • It is a place to experience • A place that revives all our senses • A place where “Life Slows and Community Grows” • That is Downtown Hilo
  70. 70. • Therefore connections to the Downtown must flow into the area not rush by • Slow traffic is safe, good for business, and uses less energy • Slow traffic also allows for many modes of travel – on foot, in strollers, wheelchairs, bicycles
  71. 71. REGIONAL GATEWAY HOTELS POTENTIAL TO NEW FISH POND HARBOR DOWNTOWN REGIONAL SCHOOLS POTENTIAL REGIONAL NEW FISH GATEWAY TRANSIT POND LOOP TRANSIT REGIONAL CENTER BIKE PATH EXISTING CIVIC FISH AIRPORT POTENTIAL CENTER POND NEW FISH POND TO UNIVERSITY
  72. 72. 2. The Street Network Must Connect - Not Divide • Create new connections into Downtown • Embrace the waterfront where it does not • Make connections where they do not exist • Strengthen pedestrian connections where they are weak
  73. 73. 3. Streets for Everybody UNIVERSAL DESIGN • Kūpuna • Children • Bicyclists • Strollers • Sampans • Transit
  74. 74. 4. Distinct Parking Strategies • PAID VERSUS FREE • 30 MIN VERSUS ALL- DAY • PARKING TARGETS – Residents – Visitors / Tourists – Employees
  75. 75. Sewer and Energy Parking District Long Term Parking Transit Center
  76. 76. Vision Plan for Downtown Hilo KE AW E I AI AW N OH PO
  77. 77. Actions to Consider • Simplify and consolidate waterfront roads • Develop a plan for parking that allows for shared parking lots, paid parking, timed parking • Establish a close-in shuttle system (sampans?) that connects commuter parking, and park and ride lots to downtown businesses • Establish a larger shuttle system that connects to remote activities such as the harbor, airport, and university to Downtown • Create a wide, safe, and well-designed bike route to Downtown • Consider pedestrian friendly road designs such as woonerfs or ‘shared space’ roadways • Consider returning Keawe and Kino‘ole back to a two-way system • Relocate the Transit Center to a nearby upland location
  78. 78. What happens next with the SDAT? • 2-3 Months: SDAT Report delivered to the community • Up to 12 Months: Conference Calls • 12 Months: Visit & Assessment
  79. 79. AIA Center for Communities by Design: Contact Information www.aia.org/liv_sdat SDAT@aia.org AIA National Component Center for Communities by Design 1735 New York Avenue NW Washington, DC 20006-5292
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