Edgy901 week1
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  • 1.  
  • 2. Things to come in this subject
    • Links with the EYLF
    • Connections with the first years of school and beyond.
    • Outdoor and physical play, including rough and tumble.
    • Play and observation/assessment.
    • Special education needs and play.
    • Teacher’s role in enriching play
  • 3. Play in our lives
    • ‘ Play is a legitimate and important part of early childhood.
    • It is a form of disciplined freedom. It continues throughout the lifespan and is valuable in itself as well as a vehicle for transporting and integrating development’
    • (Pronin-Fromberg 2002, p. 20)
  • 4. Play… (Ginsburg 2007, pp. 182 – 191)
    • is essential to development
    • contributes to the cognitive, physical, social, and emotional well-being of children and youth.
    • offers an ideal opportunity for parents to engage fully with their children.
    • allows children to use their creativity while developing their imagination, dexterity, and physical, cognitive, and emotional strength.
    • is important to healthy brain development.
    • allows children to create and explore a world they can master, conquering their fears while practicing adult roles
  • 5. Quotes on play
    • “ Play is a uniquely adaptive act, not subordinate to some other adaptive act, but with a special function of its own in human experience.” Johan Huizinga
    • “ Play is the exultation of the possible.” Martin Buber
    • “ Play keeps us vital and alive. It gives us an enthusiasm for life that is irreplaceable. Without it, life just doesn’t taste good” Lucia Capocchione
    • “ We don’t stop playing because we grow old; we grow old because we stop playing.” George Bernard Shaw
    • “ You can discover more about a person in an hour of play than in a year of conversation.” Plato
    • “ Play is the only way the highest intelligence of humankind can unfold.” Joseph Chilton Pearce
  • 6. Benefits of play
    • Play enables children to find out about themselves and the world.
    • Play helps towards happiness.
    • Play helps prevent boredom.
    • Play can help reduce stress.  
    • Play can help divert aggressive instincts.
    • http:// www.learningchild.com.au/ccd/play
  • 7. The Importance of Play
    • Most powerful learning medium- multifaceted
    • Helps children make sense of situations and their world- allows them to discover
    • Allows development of new concepts
    • Evolves over time, with constant changes and adaptations
    • Facilitates risk taking and problem solving
    • Increases social skills and emotional support
    • Children can take responsibility for their own learning
    • (Isenberg & Renck Jalongo 1997)
  • 8. False dichotomy
    • ‘ Education for young children should resemble
    • play, with children delighting in acquiring
    • knowledge and skills in ways that make them
    • feel competent and capable’
    • (Hirsh-Pasek;,Michnik Golinkoff, Berk & Singer 2009, p. 15)
    • “ It is paradoxical that many educators and parents still differentiate between a time for learning and a time for play without seeing the vital connection between them.” Leo F. Buscaglia
  • 9. Vygotsky and Play
    • http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =-SpC0INWo3o&feature=related
    • Consistent with a wealth of current research, sociocultural theory stresses that children contribute actively to their own development, etching their unique imprint on everything they learn’
    • (Berk 2001, P. 245)
  • 10. Howard Gardner
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uBknM7-AkAM
    • Theory of Multiple Intelligences
    • Could play be an intelligence of it’s own accord?
  • 11. Fromberg: 3 parallel theories in dynamic interaction
  • 12. Theory of Mind (TOM)
    • … is a specific cognitive ability to understand others as intentional agents. That is, to interpret their minds in terms of theoretical concepts of intentional states such as beliefs and desires
    • There seems to be evidence of a steep development of TOM around age 3.
    • http://www.abc.net.au/catalyst/stories/s1320498.htm
  • 13. Script Theory
    • This is a theory which posits that human behavior largely falls into patterns called ‘scripts’. These scripts provide a program for action in a particular situation.
    • Particularly important in early childhood education as they develop relatively early in life and are seen as the foundation for the formation of more abstract and complicated situational knowledge.
  • 14. Chaos Theory
    • It is the study of dynamic systems that are highly sensitive to initial conditions.
    • Small differences in initial conditions yield widely diverging outcomes for chaotic systems rendering long-term prediction impossible in general.
    • Non-linear environmental conditions
    • Can you see the relationship to play here?
  • 15. References
    • Berk, L. (2001). Awakening children’s minds: how parents and
    • teachers can make a difference. NY: Oxford University Press
    • Ginsburg, K. R. (2007). The Importance of Play in Promoting Healthy Child Development and Maintaining Strong Parent-Child Bonds. Paediatrics 119, 1, 182 – 191
    • Hirsh-Pasek, K;Michnik Golinkoff, R; Berk , L. & Singer, D. (2009). A mandate for playful learning in preschool: presenting the evidence. NY: Oxford University Press
    • Isenberg, J. & Renck Jalongo, M. (1997). Creative expression and play in early childhood. 2 nd edn. Upper Saddle River NJ: Prentice Hall
    • Moyles, J. (2005). The excellence of play (2nd edn). Maidenhead : Open University Press
    • Pronin-Fromberg, D. (2002). Play and meaning in early childhood education. Mass: Allyn & Bacon
    •