Week 1 Practce upload
Things to come in this subject
- Connections with the first years of school and beyond.
- Outdoor and physical play, including rough and tumble.
- Play and observation/assessment.
- Special education needs and play.
- Teacher’s role in enriching play
Play in our lives
- ‘ Play is a legitimate and important part of early childhood.
- It is a form of disciplined freedom. It continues throughout the lifespan and is valuable in itself as well as a vehicle for transporting and integrating development’
- (Pronin-Fromberg 2002, p. 20)
Play… (Ginsburg 2007, pp. 182 – 191)
- is essential to development
- contributes to the cognitive, physical, social, and emotional well-being of children and youth.
- offers an ideal opportunity for parents to engage fully with their children.
- allows children to use their creativity while developing their imagination, dexterity, and physical, cognitive, and emotional strength.
- is important to healthy brain development.
- allows children to create and explore a world they can master, conquering their fears while practicing adult roles
Quotes on play
- “ Play is a uniquely adaptive act, not subordinate to some other adaptive act, but with a special function of its own in human experience.” Johan Huizinga
- “ Play is the exultation of the possible.” Martin Buber
- “ Play keeps us vital and alive. It gives us an enthusiasm for life that is irreplaceable. Without it, life just doesn’t taste good” Lucia Capocchione
- “ We don’t stop playing because we grow old; we grow old because we stop playing.” George Bernard Shaw
- “ You can discover more about a person in an hour of play than in a year of conversation.” Plato
- “ Play is the only way the highest intelligence of humankind can unfold.” Joseph Chilton Pearce
Benefits of play
- Play enables children to find out about themselves and the world.
- Play helps towards happiness.
- Play helps prevent boredom.
- Play can help reduce stress.
- Play can help divert aggressive instincts.
- http:// www.learningchild.com.au/ccd/play
The Importance of Play
- Most powerful learning medium- multifaceted
- Helps children make sense of situations and their world- allows them to discover
- Allows development of new concepts
- Evolves over time, with constant changes and adaptations
- Facilitates risk taking and problem solving
- Increases social skills and emotional support
- Children can take responsibility for their own learning
- (Isenberg & Renck Jalongo 1997)
- ‘ Education for young children should resemble
- play, with children delighting in acquiring
- knowledge and skills in ways that make them
- feel competent and capable’
- (Hirsh-Pasek;,Michnik Golinkoff, Berk & Singer 2009, p. 15)
- “ It is paradoxical that many educators and parents still differentiate between a time for learning and a time for play without seeing the vital connection between them.” Leo F. Buscaglia
Vygotsky and Play
- http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =-SpC0INWo3o&feature=related
- Consistent with a wealth of current research, sociocultural theory stresses that children contribute actively to their own development, etching their unique imprint on everything they learn’
- Theory of Multiple Intelligences
- Could play be an intelligence of it’s own accord?
Fromberg: 3 parallel theories in dynamic interaction
Theory of Mind (TOM)
- … is a specific cognitive ability to understand others as intentional agents. That is, to interpret their minds in terms of theoretical concepts of intentional states such as beliefs and desires
- There seems to be evidence of a steep development of TOM around age 3.
- This is a theory which posits that human behavior largely falls into patterns called ‘scripts’. These scripts provide a program for action in a particular situation.
- Particularly important in early childhood education as they develop relatively early in life and are seen as the foundation for the formation of more abstract and complicated situational knowledge.
- It is the study of dynamic systems that are highly sensitive to initial conditions.
- Small differences in initial conditions yield widely diverging outcomes for chaotic systems rendering long-term prediction impossible in general.
- Non-linear environmental conditions
- Can you see the relationship to play here?
- Berk, L. (2001). Awakening children’s minds: how parents and
- teachers can make a difference. NY: Oxford University Press
- Ginsburg, K. R. (2007). The Importance of Play in Promoting Healthy Child Development and Maintaining Strong Parent-Child Bonds. Paediatrics 119, 1, 182 – 191
- Hirsh-Pasek, K;Michnik Golinkoff, R; Berk , L. & Singer, D. (2009). A mandate for playful learning in preschool: presenting the evidence. NY: Oxford University Press
- Isenberg, J. & Renck Jalongo, M. (1997). Creative expression and play in early childhood. 2 nd edn. Upper Saddle River NJ: Prentice Hall
- Moyles, J. (2005). The excellence of play (2nd edn). Maidenhead : Open University Press
- Pronin-Fromberg, D. (2002). Play and meaning in early childhood education. Mass: Allyn & Bacon