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Liberia's  Bureacratic Reforms
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Liberia's Bureacratic Reforms

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  • 1. EDWIN B.R. GBARGAYE PRESENTER/DISCUSSANT/FACILITATOR PA-301 UP-NCPAG
  • 2. OUTLINE INTRODUCTION HISTORICAL FACTS EVOLUTION OF REFORM GLOBAL EXPERIENCE WHY REFORM IN LIBERIA CHALLENGES/CONSTRAINTS IMPACTS INTERNATIONAL OBSERVATION REFERENCES
  • 3. Liberia
  • 4. Liberia Liberia : “Grain Coast”, “Land of the Free” Founded by The American Colonization Society Homeland for Freed Black Slaves from the US Independence-1847 Monrovia-Capital City Population: 3.6 million (UNDP 2007) Sixteen Indigenous Tribes  Official Language: English
  • 5. Historical Facts Founded by The American Colonization Society Homeland for Freed Black Slaves from the US Independence-1847
  • 6. FOURTEEN YEAR BRUTAL CIVIL WAR Former President Charles G. Taylor
  • 7. WAR IMAGES
  • 8. War Images
  • 9. The Liberian Leader President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
  • 10. EVOLUTION OF REFORM
  • 11. ROOT CAUSES OF REFORM American Government reform was largely due to public dissatisfaction with government European Union was mandated to reform due to its Mission and Vision Former Soviet Bloc administrative reform went hand in hand with democratization and political reform Latin America with repeated economic crises the failure of “Primera Generacion” of reforms to achieve economic stability Sub-Saharan Africa democratization of political Administration to achieve Economic Growth and Stability
  • 12. GLOBAL EXPERIENCE Mexico Brazil Philippines
  • 13. PUBLIC MANAGEMENT REFORM Survey conducted in 1999 found that during the last two decades: 40% of the World’s 123 countries had one major reform movement 15% had some public management reforms but no national level initiatives 22% of the world’s largest had 2 or more reform movements  Most of the Latin American countries have had one major reform especially with modernization of the state
  • 14. The Global Government Movement THREE PHASES: 1. 1980’s – Government concentrated on economic liberalization and privatization of state owned enterprises (SOEs, GOCCs) 2. 1990’s- focus on the administrative reform of core state functions and the building of state capacity 3. 2000’s- Response to globalization and technological development and advancement
  • 15. WHY REFORM IN LIBERIA? FAILED STATE BREAKDOWN OF LAW AND ORDER TRANSITIONAL STATE
  • 16. Pres. Sirleaf says Civil service is the heart of government business The Civil Service, with its bureaucracy and technical skills and competencies, the President said, is the heart of government business. It is in this context, that the structure, policies, operations and orientation of the civil service should be reformed.
  • 17. CHALLENGES/CONSTRAINTS Corruption and Accountability strong public administration patronage culture Lack /or Poor Implementation Poverty Harnessing the Private Sector Imperative to train Elected Leaders Populist Culture
  • 18. Resistance to Change Imperative to Change Elected Leaders Strengthening Institutional Capacities of the Legislature Entrenching Legal and Judicial Reform CHALLENGES/CONSTRAINTS
  • 19. REFORM MEASURES GOOD GOVERNANCE REFORM AS POLICY STRONG IMPLEMENTATION FIGHT AGAINST RAMPANT CORRUPTION STRENGTHENING OF JUDICIAL SYSTEM DOWNSIZING/RIGHTSIZING OF CIVIL SERVICE LEGISLATION OF LAWS
  • 20. REFORM AREAS REACTIVATION OF THE CIVIL SERVICE APPORTIONMET OF POWER-THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT INCLUSIVENESS OF THE CSOs IN POLITICAL REALM SUBSTANTATIVE DEVOLUTION OF POWER /RESOURCES TO COUNTIES, DISTRICTS, ETC.
  • 21. WIDER CEATION OF ENVIRONMENTFOR PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION IN ECONOMY ENHANCEMENT OF THE JUDICIARY TO BE INDEPENDENT ENACTMENT OF ANTI-CORRUPTION LAW ESTABLISHMENT OF WATCH DOG GROUPS REFORM AREAS
  • 22. ENFOCEMNT OF ETHICAL AND ACCOUNTABILITY CODES IMPROVED AX ADMINISTRATION REGIME PASSAGE OF TELECOMMUNICATIO ACT PASSAGE OF PUBLIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT ACT THE CODE OF CONDUCT LAW AMENDMENT OF THE PENL LAW REFORM AREAS
  • 23. ESTABLISHMENT OF THE VETERANS BUREAU CREATION OF TH LIBERIA AIRPORT AUTHORITY ESTABLISHMENT OF THE INDEPENDENT HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION DISSOLUTION OF DORMANT SOEs IMPLEMENTATION OF THE BUILD OF TRANSFER (BOT) REFORM AREAS
  • 24. REMOVAL OF GHOST NAMES FROM GOV’T PAYROLL ESTABLISHMENT OF LAND REFORM COMMISSION INTRODUCTION OF BIOMETRIC IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM REFORM AREAS
  • 25. REFORM AREAS RECONSTRUCTING POLITICAL INSTITUIONS REHABILITATING SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC INFRASTRUCTURES DEVELOPMENT OF CIVIL SERVICE REFORM STRATEGY
  • 26. RESULTS/IMPACTS HIGH ECONOMIC GROWTH PROSECUTION OF CORRUPT OFFICIALS EFFICIENT AND EFFECTIVE AND LESS CORRUPT BUREAUCRACY INVESTMENT BOOM US MILLENNIUN CHALENGE ACCOUNT
  • 27. HIGH DEGREE OF ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY FISCAL DISCIPLINE AND MANAGEMENT MULTI-DONOR BUDGET SUPPORT RESULTS/IMPACTS
  • 28. INTERNATIONAL RECOGNITION UN US/ UK SCANDANIVIAN COUNTRIES ECOWAS AU WB AfDB PC
  • 29. As Obama often says “A New Era of reform” where there will be a progressive mobilization to keep the pressure on and overcome
  • 30. REFERENCES