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MAKING MIGRATION WORK FOR DEVELOPMENT
POLICY TOOLS FOR STRATEGIC PLANNING IN SEE REGIONS AND CITIES

POPULATION, MIGRATION...
1. INTRODUCING MMWD

2. MMWD APPROACH AND KEY ASSUMPTIONS
3. DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE AND GROWTH
PROSPECTS: UNDERSTANDING
RELATI...
MMWD:

Strategic project co-funded by the South East
Europe Programme

Website:

www.migration4growth.eu

Duration:

30 mo...
THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF MMWD
To enhance the capacity of public administrations
to anticipate, understand and strategically ma...
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES
 Boosting knowledge: improving the harmonization of

comparable information about SEE regions and cit...
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES
 Support and facilitate transnational dialogue and

exchanges among SEE territories that share common...
ACTIVITIES
 Defining the knowledge base: panel of indicators, data

mapping and analysis of gaps
 Turning knowledge into...
ACTIVITIES:
ACTIVITIES
 From sparse initiatives to integrated policies: improving

governance methods and policy coherenc...
1. INTRODUCING MMWD

2. MMWD APPROACH AND KEY ASSUMPTIONS
3. DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE AND GROWTH
PROSPECTS: UNDERSTANDING RELATI...
MAIN TERRITORIAL SCALE: REGIONS (NUTS2)
POLICY SCALE: REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES

… which also include a trans-nation...
AT THIS STAGE, WE ALREADY KNOW THAT …
The development of SEE territories is facing several mega trends
that strongly impac...
MMWD APPROACH AND KEY ASSUMPTIONS






MMWD was designed in the realm of the Europe 2020
Strategy to support regional ...
MMWD APPROACH AND KEY ASSUMPTIONS
Focus on 3 critical (and inter-related) policy realms


Employment



Human capital

...
DEMO CHANGE AND GROWTH PROSPECTS
MMWD’S ULTIMATE GOAL IS TO SUPPORT
DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY-MAKING FOR SEE REGIONS
AND CITIES...
MMWD APPROACH AND KEY ASSUMPTIONS
The effects of demographic change on living conditions and
growth prospects are both a c...
1. INTRODUCING MMWD

2. MMWD APPROACH AND KEY ASSUMPTIONS
3. DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE AND GROWTH
PROSPECTS: UNDERSTANDING RELATI...
DEFINING DEMO CHANGE AND GROWTH IN MMWD
DEMO CHANGE:
AGE STRUCTURES - MIGRATION

GROWTH:
EMPLOYMENT – HUMAN CAPITAL – SOCI...
DEFINING MIGRATION IN MMWD
UNDER MIGRATION, WE SUM UP :
•

INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION

•

IN-COUNTRY MIGRATION (ACROSS REGION...
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE CHANGES (BEHAVIOURS)
DEMO CHANGE AND GROWTH: SEEKING CONNECTIONS
MIGRATION IS SCRUTINISED IN RELATION TO ITS EFFECTS:

DEMO
CHANGE

MIGRATION

...
HOW CAN DEMOGRAPHIC AND LABOUR MARKET PROCESSES
BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT IN MIGRATION POLICIES?

By migration policies – in r...
HOW CAN DEMOGRAPHIC AND LABOUR MARKET PROCESSES
BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT IN MIGRATION POLICIES?
 Local policies to manage lo...
HOW CAN DEMOGRAPHIC AND LABOUR MARKET PROCESSES
BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT IN MIGRATION POLICIES?
 Migration policies targetin...
Thank you!
Anna Lucia Colleo
acolleo@regione.emilia-romagna.it
annalus@hotmail.com

25
SEE Project "Making migration work for development"/Proiectul SEE "Migratie favorabila dezvoltarii”
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SEE Project "Making migration work for development"/Proiectul SEE "Migratie favorabila dezvoltarii”

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Proiectul "Migratie favorabilă dezvoltării. Instrumente/Politici pentru planificare strategică în regiunile si orasele din Sud Estul Europei” urmareste cresterea capacitatii autoritatilor regionale si locale de a anticipa si a administra in mod strategic efectele schimbarilor demografice asupra teritoriului. Proiectul este cofinanţat din Fondul European de Dezvoltare Regională (FEDER), prin Programul de Cooperare Transnaţionala Sud-Estul Europei, Axa Prioritara 4: Dezvoltarea sinergiilor transnationale ale zonelor cu potential, 4.2: Promovarea unui tipar echilibrat al zonelor cu potential in ce priveste accesibilitatea şi atractivitatea acestora.
Obiectivul specific: cunoasterea impactului local al schimbarilor demografice şi implicatiile acestora in regiunile si orasele SEE si utilizarea cunostintelor ca instrument de planificare pentru regiunile si orasele SEE.
Ministerul Dezvoltarii Regionale si Administratiei Publice este partener in cadrul proiectului, impreuna cu organizatii din Italia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Austria, Grecia, Muntenegru, Serbia, Moldova şi Organizaţia Internaţională pentru Migraţie din Elveţia, în calitate de observator. www.migration4growth.eu, http://bit.ly/1b6llKt
The project "Making Migration Work for Development. Instruments/Policies for strategic planning in regions and cities in South-East Europe" aims at increasing the capacity of regional and local authorities to predict and manage the effects of demographic change and use strategic planning. The project is co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) throught the South-East Europe Programme (SEE), Priority Axis 4: Development of transnational synergies with potential, 4.2: Promoting a balanced pattern of growth areas - making them more attractive and accessible.
The specific objective is increasing knowledge about the local impact of demographic change and its implications and using the knowledge acquired as a tool for planning in the regions and cities in the SEE area.
The Romanian Ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration is a partner in the project, along with organizations from Italy, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Austria, Greece, Montenegro, Serbia, Moldova and the International Organization for Migration in Switzerland as an observer. www.migration4growth.eu, http://bit.ly/1b6llKt

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Transcript of "SEE Project "Making migration work for development"/Proiectul SEE "Migratie favorabila dezvoltarii”"

  1. 1. MAKING MIGRATION WORK FOR DEVELOPMENT POLICY TOOLS FOR STRATEGIC PLANNING IN SEE REGIONS AND CITIES POPULATION, MIGRATION AND LABOUR MARKET EVIDENCE-BASED STRATEGY BUILDING Anna Lucia Colleo Regione Emilia-Romagna Budapest, 22 May 2013
  2. 2. 1. INTRODUCING MMWD 2. MMWD APPROACH AND KEY ASSUMPTIONS 3. DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE AND GROWTH PROSPECTS: UNDERSTANDING RELATIONSHIPS
  3. 3. MMWD: Strategic project co-funded by the South East Europe Programme Website: www.migration4growth.eu Duration: 30 months (May 2012-October 2014) Lead partner: Regional Government of Emilia-Romagna 21 Partners: Public administrations supported by technical partners (statistical offices, universities, research centres, development agencies). The International Organization for Migration is an observer.
  4. 4. THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF MMWD To enhance the capacity of public administrations to anticipate, understand and strategically manage the implications of current demographic change, and particularly of migration-related demographic change, with a view to actively address critical challenges for the sustainable growth of SEE territories.
  5. 5. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES  Boosting knowledge: improving the harmonization of comparable information about SEE regions and cities that are key to understand the prospects for growth and well-being of SEE regions and cities  Supporting the identification of major territorial challenges and political priorities, based on comparable regionalized information on SEE regions and cities  Strengthening local capacity to undertake evidence- based strategic planning in participating territories
  6. 6. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES  Support and facilitate transnational dialogue and exchanges among SEE territories that share common development challenges and are affected (positively or negatively) by the identified trends, prospects and/or policy impacts, with an aim to exploring comparative advantages and synergy through transnational cooperation arrangements.  Supporting dissemination and the use of MMWD results to an audience of policy makers, practitioners, experts, and SEE communities (public discourse).
  7. 7. ACTIVITIES  Defining the knowledge base: panel of indicators, data mapping and analysis of gaps  Turning knowledge into a strategy-making tool: construct demographic forecasts and impact scenarios until 2020 (i.e. develop a "reading structure" anticipating territorial evolutions related to demo change, as a precondition to be able to steer them towards positive outcomes)  Capacity-building on the use of policy scenarios for the formulation of development strategies, with migration recognized as a relevant feature for sustainable growth
  8. 8. ACTIVITIES: ACTIVITIES  From sparse initiatives to integrated policies: improving governance methods and policy coherence. Pilot applications of project results  Harmonizing knowledge across SEE: Knowledge Platform on www.migration4growth.eu  Building a SEE platform for transnational dialogue and cooperation, to promote more effective regulations of migration flows across the SEE area
  9. 9. 1. INTRODUCING MMWD 2. MMWD APPROACH AND KEY ASSUMPTIONS 3. DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE AND GROWTH PROSPECTS: UNDERSTANDING RELATIONSHIPS
  10. 10. MAIN TERRITORIAL SCALE: REGIONS (NUTS2) POLICY SCALE: REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES … which also include a trans-national realm (i.e. part of the non-realized development benefits of migration for specific territories relate to a lack of articulated agreements on mobility/migration management and social protection, as well as limited dialogue, exchange and cooperation among connected countries)
  11. 11. AT THIS STAGE, WE ALREADY KNOW THAT … The development of SEE territories is facing several mega trends that strongly impact policy choices:  Interaction is growing across SEE territories as well as with other parts of the world (increasing flows, including migration)  Global economic competition is accelerating, offering more options for regions but also more challenges to policy-makers  Market forces and the evolution of society in general are supporting a geographical concentration of activities: cities are (and compete as) development hubs  The ongoing demographic change is affecting the regions differently (with labor moving across regions)
  12. 12. MMWD APPROACH AND KEY ASSUMPTIONS    MMWD was designed in the realm of the Europe 2020 Strategy to support regional strategy-making for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth Policy-makers dealing with territorial development are in need of a future oriented and integrated vision of development, translating the targets and objectives of Europe 2020 into policy priorities Building such vision requires: sound evidence, comparable regionalized information, mid-term scenarios in order to draw sustainable and integrated policy responses for their territories
  13. 13. MMWD APPROACH AND KEY ASSUMPTIONS Focus on 3 critical (and inter-related) policy realms  Employment  Human capital  The offer of social services (ensuring the social infrastructure needed to support growth policies)
  14. 14. DEMO CHANGE AND GROWTH PROSPECTS MMWD’S ULTIMATE GOAL IS TO SUPPORT DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY-MAKING FOR SEE REGIONS AND CITIES. MMWD’S SPECIFICITY IS THAT IT LOOKS AT DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE AS A KEY FEATURE OF TERRITORIAL DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS AND IT LOOKS AT MIGRATION AS THE KEY FACTOR IN TODAY’S POPULATION CHANGES.
  15. 15. MMWD APPROACH AND KEY ASSUMPTIONS The effects of demographic change on living conditions and growth prospects are both a challenge and an opportunity. A challenge because demographic trends such as low fertility rates, ageing, changes in the households’ structures and population mobility can limit territorial competitiveness and growth prospects. An opportunity if such changes are appropriately placed in regional development strategies, considering the evolutionary effects of population trends on selected policy areas.
  16. 16. 1. INTRODUCING MMWD 2. MMWD APPROACH AND KEY ASSUMPTIONS 3. DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE AND GROWTH PROSPECTS: UNDERSTANDING RELATIONSHIPS
  17. 17. DEFINING DEMO CHANGE AND GROWTH IN MMWD DEMO CHANGE: AGE STRUCTURES - MIGRATION GROWTH: EMPLOYMENT – HUMAN CAPITAL – SOCIAL SERVICES INTER-RELATED AND KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  18. 18. DEFINING MIGRATION IN MMWD UNDER MIGRATION, WE SUM UP : • INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION • IN-COUNTRY MIGRATION (ACROSS REGIONS, RURAL VS. URBAN AND VICEVERSA) • LONG-TERM DEMO CHANGE RELATED TO NONNATIVE RESIDENTS ON SEE TERRITORIES (FIRST GENERATIONS VS. RESIDENTS WITH A MIGRATION BACKGROUND)
  19. 19. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE CHANGES (BEHAVIOURS)
  20. 20. DEMO CHANGE AND GROWTH: SEEKING CONNECTIONS MIGRATION IS SCRUTINISED IN RELATION TO ITS EFFECTS: DEMO CHANGE MIGRATION GROWTH PROSPECTS EDUCATION TRAINING BEHAVIOURS OF POP GROUPS VARY LABOUR SOCIAL NEEDS DIFFERENT COMBINATIONS OF POPULATION TRENDS AND RESOURCES IN DIFFERENT TERRITORIES
  21. 21. HOW CAN DEMOGRAPHIC AND LABOUR MARKET PROCESSES BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT IN MIGRATION POLICIES? By migration policies – in relation to demographic and labor market processes, we may refer to a broad range of policy areas:  Active management of international labor migration: Skilled/less skilled; seasonal and circular migration programs; programs for attracting/attracting back specific categories of workers; compensation measures for origin countries; the offer of services to migrants, including vocational training, ...)
  22. 22. HOW CAN DEMOGRAPHIC AND LABOUR MARKET PROCESSES BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT IN MIGRATION POLICIES?  Local policies to manage local population movements (labor market and transports, schools, housing, services in general, …). The localization of the population on the territory is a driver for local policies. Rural to urban movements across SEE, with densely populated areas surrounded by more scarcely populated areas. This may also imply a drastic change in the age structure of the population (concentration of elderly in rural areas, for instance), posing specific development challenges.
  23. 23. HOW CAN DEMOGRAPHIC AND LABOUR MARKET PROCESSES BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT IN MIGRATION POLICIES?  Migration policies targeting the resident foreign population (or, for emigration territories, targeting nationals abroad) Migration policies are often separated from territorial development policies, and fragmented between labor market, education, and social inclusion policies – not necessarily referring to a crosssector strategy.
  24. 24. Thank you! Anna Lucia Colleo acolleo@regione.emilia-romagna.it annalus@hotmail.com 25
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