Basics of Minimalists:• Tried to eliminate composition from their work• Were focused on creating a purely visual piece, notconcerned with hidden or deeper meanings• Were primarily a reaction against abstractexpressionism
Basics of Minimalists (cont.):• Believed that 2-D art had a limited number ofpossible different works• Objectified their pieces/ wanted people to see thepiece for what it is, not what it represents• Spawned Post-Painterly Abstraction- a movementthat was less energetic and more colorful thanprevious movements, still nonrepresentational
Jackson Pollock, Untitled
What does that mean?• It means that they didn’t want their work to lookassembled out of parts/elements• They completely did away with symbols andcharacters in their works• They blurred the line between 2-D and 3-D withshaped canvasses• Often, works were completely 3-D• Pieces were meant to be seen as literally what theyare, not as metaphors
Who Inspired Them?• Minimalism was primarily a reaction against theindividualism/ individual worship of abstractexpressionism• The drew on the techniques of earlier artists andmovements like the Constructivist movement, AdReinhardt, and Barnett Newman
What are their works known for?• Works are very ordered• No thought is given as to symmetry, but works areoften symmetrical due to the artists’ drive for order• Works are often sculptures or at least semi 3-D• Finally, works are very simplistic in nature
Who was Frank Stella?• Took art courses at Princeton,where he was exposed to theavant garde art of the time.• Kind of a player, liked to bet onhorse races and owned a race car.• Didn’t call himself a minimalist,that was thrust on him by others
Vaserely - Kedzi
Frank Stella- Turkish Mambo
Frank Stella- Harran II
Frank Stella- Whale Watch
Frank Stella – Jarama II
Frank Stella-Bamboo Trophy II
Frank Stella – Chinese Pavilion
Sol LeWitts Life●Was drafted in the Korean War in 1959●Took a job at the Museum of Modern Art in 1960●Influenced by the work of Frank Stella●Developed interest in Russian Constructivism●Later Life
Sol LeWitts Influences● Eadweard Muybridge● Russian Constructivism● The Museum of Modern Art
Sol LeWitts Style● The initial idea for the work is crucial● Creation of the works-Sol LeWitt designed them, andhad others build/execute the work● Sol LeWitts Influences● Wall drawings and installations● The importance of color and shape
Buried Cube Containing an Objectof Importance but Little Value● 1968● Series of Photographs● Focuses on the ideaof the object beingburied rather than afinal product
Incomplete Open Cube● 1974● Painted Aluminum● 122 Uniquevariations from 3-sided to 11-sided
Incomplete Open Cubes - Planning
Incomplete Open Cubes - Finished
Four-Sided Pyramid● 1997● Concrete blocks andmortar● Perspective and anglesplay an important part inthe piece
Monumental Sculpture● 2007● Acrylic on fiberglass● Part of a series ofabstract 3-dimensionalsculptures called“Splotches”
Monumental Sculpture - Planning
Wall Drawing 11● 1969● Black pencil● Many early workswere basic thin pencillines in geometricforms
Wall Drawing 51● 1970● Blue snap lines● The lines connect toevery architecturalpoint. Each iterationis unique.
Wall Drawing 340● 1980● Red, yellow, bluecrayon on red, yellowand blue wall● Created during an eraof geometricexperimentation.
Wall Drawing 766● 1994● Color ink wash● The dimensions ofthe boxes reflect theshape of the spacethey occupy
Wall Drawing 684A● 1999● Color ink wash● Early wall drawingsutilized differentlyangled lines ofvarious colors
Wall Drawing 1037● 2002● Acrylic paint● Part of a series ofwall drawings titled“Bars of color withina square”
Wall Drawing 1260● 2008● Graphite● Part of a series madewith a graphitescribbling technique
Donald Judd – As a person•Was a Philosophy Major at Columbia, so veryintelligent.•Is a self proclaimed Empiricist. (Philosophicalstanding)•Very Anti-war. (Vietnam and gulf war) And is a firmbeliever in preserving the environment.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t0stpkzsNDU
Judd’s Reliefs and Works• Key Works Include: ‘Stacks’, ‘Boxes’, and‘Progressions.• Works are Symmetrical and made of IndustrialMaterials.• Wants his works to be permanently installed. Hestates that are is ‘fragile’.
Donald JuddReliefMedium: Oil on compositionboard mounted on wood,with steel baking pan1961
Donald JuddUntitled (Stack).Lacquer on galvanized iron.1967
Donald JuddUntitled (Progression)Lacquer on galvanizediron.1967
Donald Judd100 untitled(boxes) in millaluminum1982-1986
Dan Flavin – As a person• Had a religious catholic upbringing, Served inMilitary• Attended Columbia University and studied paintingand drawing• Worked in Museums such as the Guggenheim andMuseum of Modern Art before pursuing work.
Flavin’s Works• “It is was it is and it ain’t nothin’ else” – Dan Flavin• Key characteristic: Used Fluorescent Lights, called his works“Propositions”, liked Corners and Diagonals• All the lights used in his work were mass produced• He often ‘dedicates’ his art work to other people.• What is unique about his art from other minimalists is thatthe fluorescent lights only stay lit for a short while, makinghis art perishable.
Dan FlavinIcon V(Coran’s BroadwayFlesh)1961
Dan Flavinthe diagonal of May 25,1963 (to ConstantinBrancusi)1963
Dan Flavinmonument 4 for thosewho have been killed inambush (to P.K. whoreminded me aboutdeath)1966
Dan Flavingreens crossing greens (to Piet Mondrian who lacked green)- 1966
Dan Flavinuntitled (to Barry, Mike, Chuck and Leonard), 1972-1975.