Bipolar disorder is acondition in whichpeople go back andforth betweenperiods of a verygood or irritablemood anddepression. The"mood swings"between mania anddepression can bevery quick
Treatment for bipolar disorder most oftenincludes a combination of a mood-stabilizingdrug and psychotherapy. Although drugtreatment is primary, ongoing psychotherapyis important to help patients better cope withthe condition
Drug: Lithium Anticonvulsants Antipsychotics Antidepressants Symbyax Benzodiazepines Therapies: Cognitive behavioraltherapy Psychoeducation Family therapy Group therapy Electroconvulsive therapy(ECT) Hospitalization
Bipolar disorder affectsboth men and women.Mainly, the symptomscan be clearly visible in aperson’s early twenties.In addition, studies andresearches reveal thatusually the firstoccurrence of the bipolardisorder takes place inearly life of a personwhich gets slower withthe increasing age.Moreover, children doface disorder in theirlives.
In a study conducted in 2009 by the Department of Psychiatry of the Seoul NationalUniversity College of Medicine and Institute for Human Behavioral Medicine thebrains of individuals with bipolar disorder I and II were viewed using MRItechnology. The results of the study showed gray brain matter abnormalities invarious regions of the brain for bipolar II, as well as bipolar I participants, althoughbipolar II had fewer abnormalities. Those with bipolar II had gray matter deficits inthe ventromedial prefrontal regions of the brain (located in the rear of the frontpart of the brain, inside the cortex and atop the orbits of the eyes), and also in theanterior limbic cortices of the brain (an area that spans almost the length of thebrain, but is towards the brains outer center).