Policies for OER uptake - POERUP project explained

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Lifelong Learning Programme - Key Activity 3 - ICT; Multilateral projects …

Lifelong Learning Programme - Key Activity 3 - ICT; Multilateral projects

By carrying out research to understand how governments can stimulate the uptake of OER by policy means (and not just funding), POERUP aims to contribute to the implementation of LLL. Simultaneously POERUP aims to foster the potential of new media for enhancing innovation by researching policies designed to foster a “lifelong learner” mindset in learners: leading to curiosity, creativity and a willingness to “consume” OER. To do so the project team will investigate the “end-user – producer communities” behind OER initiatives and what (or who) it is that actually provides the energy that make OER work or not.

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  • 1. Policies for OER Uptake for the post-secondary education sectors: with emphasis on Member States Paul Bacsich – Sero Consulting and members of the POERUP policy team Online Educa 5 December 2013, Berlin
  • 2. Just one slide on POERUP follows....
  • 3. KA3 ICT Achievements • Inventory of more than 400 OER initiatives worldwide • 30 country reports (11 major) • 7 case studies including Wikiwijs, ALISON (Ireland), OER U (global) and FutureLearn (UK mostly) • 3 EU-level policy documents for universities, VET and schools • In progress: 9 policy documents for UK (x3), Ireland, France, Netherlands, Spain, Poland – and Canada
  • 4. This presentation • Summarises our initial policy recommendations for HE and FE/VET • Within a wider context of formal education • Correlated to the European Commission’s Opening Up Education policy recommendations
  • 5. POERUP • • • • • • Three sets of policies Sector-specific wording e.g. Bologna, ENQA EU level but mainly as a generic Member State template Vary in applicability at MS level (size, etc) Focus more on OER but in a much wider context Evidence base possibly more global? Opening Up Education • • One set of policies Uniform thus generic wording • Mainly EU (Erasmus+ and H2020) with some on Member States Vary in applicability at MS level (size, etc) Focus on a somewhat wider context (of OUE) Evidence base more EU-focussed? • • •
  • 6. POERUP: Three types of intervention • interventions that link OER to open access (to research and to standards) • interventions that foster important phenomena (including access, cost and quality; but also others such as development and informed citizenry) that OER is said to facilitate • interventions that serve to reduce or dismantle the barriers to creation of innovative institutions and innovative practice (including OER, MOOCs and open educational practices).
  • 7. Recommendations A (#1–#7) • • • • • Innovation Accreditation of institutions (2) Quality agencies Competency-based education Accreditation of Prior Learning (2)
  • 8. Recommendations B (#8–#18) • • • • Funding (4), mainly EU-level Intellectual Property (4) Teacher training (2) Further research
  • 9. Innovation The key but only at scale
  • 10. Innovation – innovative institutions • Since the era of building open universities there has been little visible activity in creating innovative institutions
  • 11. New?-build institutions opening up education
  • 12. Innovation – recommendation • The European Commission should set up a competitive innovation fund to set up one new “European” university each year with a commitment to “low-system-cost” online education around a core proposition of open content. • OUE: Support innovative teaching and learning environments, including through the use of structural and investment funds (ESIFs) • OUE: Establish a European Hub of Digitally Innovative Education institutions... complemented by a specific European Award of Digital Excellence
  • 13. Accreditation and quality “Outside the rules” or “Within the (new) rules”
  • 14. Accreditation of institutions – new accrediting bodies and mutual recognition • The European Commission should work to reduce the regulatory barriers against new kinds of HE providers (e.g. for-profit, from outside the country, consortial, etc) – OUE: Ensure that transparency and recognition instruments for formal education are adapted to new forms of learning including validation of skills acquired online
  • 15. Quality agencies • Quality agencies in ENQA should focus more on integration of new modes of learning, copyright and removing implicit bias from regulations – OUE: Ensure that transparency and recognition instruments for formal education are adapted to new forms of learning including validation of skills acquired online
  • 16. Accreditation of prior learning • The Commission should recommend to universities that they should improve and proceduralise their activity on APL (Accreditation of Prior Learning) including the ability to accredit knowledge and competences developed through online study and informal learning, including but not restricted to OER and MOOCs • Large Member States should set up an Open Accreditor – OUE: Ensure that transparency and recognition instruments for formal education are adapted to new forms of learning including validation of skills acquired online • But what does this lead logically to?....
  • 17. THIS INEVITABLY LEADS TO Competence-based, not time-based assessment • The Commission and related authorities developing the European Higher Education Area should reduce the regulatory barriers against new non-study-time-based modes of provision: in particular by developing a successor to Bologna based primarily on competences gained not duration of study – OUE: Ensure that transparency and recognition instruments for formal education are adapted to new forms of learning including validation of skills acquired online
  • 18. Funding and costs Still neglected....
  • 19. Funding mechanisms General agreement with OUE but we recommend also: • The European Commission should foster work into standardised syllabi EU-wide for undergraduate degrees in certain professions (e.g. medicine, nursing, mathematics, IS/IT) and... foster the developments of common bases of OER material to support these standards: open repositories and open textbooks • Member states should increase their scrutiny of the cost basis for university teaching and consider the benefits of output-based funding for qualifications
  • 20. Other important issues Intellectual Property/Copyright Training/Staff Development Research
  • 21. Intellectual Property Rights • Standard Creative Commons license for EU and all member states • Technological methods to provide more and standardised information on IPR to users of digital educational content • Mass EU-wide multi-level education campaign to educate education staff on IPR issues • Study the issues around the non commercial restriction and make appropriate recommendations
  • 22. Initial academic training and CPD • Development of online initial and continuous professional development programmes for teachers, focussing on online learning with specific coverage of distance learning, OER, MOOCs and other forms of open educational practice, and also IPR issues – OUE: Support teachers in acquiring a high level of digital competences and adopt innovative teaching practices through flexible training, incentive schemes, revised curricula for teachers' initial education and new professional evaluation mechanisms
  • 23. Innovation and research into the benefits of OER • The Commission should fund research into the verifiable benefits of OER, with greater efforts to integrate analyses with ongoing research on distance learning, on-campus online learning, and pedagogy – OUE: European Commission support for better knowledge and stronger evidence-based policies (four detailed points)
  • 24. Thank you for listening Paul Bacsich For the POERUP policy team Policies in preparation for/with UK(x3), Ireland, France, Netherlands, Spain, and Poland; We want to work with other EU/EEA/LLP countries too