OCC2011 Keynotes: Stavros Savvas
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OCC2011 Keynotes: Stavros Savvas

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Decentralisation of the educational system as a vehicle for innovation

Decentralisation of the educational system as a vehicle for innovation

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    What are implications for the different roles?
    Could one make an architecture description/requirements analysis, ref: http://www.scribd.com/doc/28492680/Architectural-Descriptions-for-the-E-Learning-Transition
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OCC2011 Keynotes: Stavros Savvas OCC2011 Keynotes: Stavros Savvas Presentation Transcript

  • Decentralisation of theeducational system as a vehicle for innovation Stavros Savvas Ellinogermaniki Agogi 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • 21st Century Challenges and EducationThe Information and Knowledge Society has emerged as a result oftechnological advancements of the World Wide Web, the Internet andmobile communications over the last two decades. These technologicalDevelopments have had; and still have direct impact to every spect ofour personal and social life, thus changing the way we communicate,collaborate, work and learn. Europe has been a world driving forcewhen it comes to these technological developments, however, in manycases European Member States have falled behind in adopting thenecessary societal re-organisational changes needed in education.This can be a critical issue for the future of European Union and thefuture of its Member States within the complex global challenges of the21st Century. 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • ARTICLE I - MEETING BASIC LEARNING NEEDS Every person - child, youth and adult - shall be able to benefit from educational opportunities designed to meet their basic learning needs. These needs comprise both essential learning tools (such as literacy, oral expression, numeracy, and problem solving) and the basic learning content (such as knowledge, skills, values, and attitudes). The scope of basic learning needs and how they should be met varies with individual countries and cultures, and inevitably, changes with the passage of time. World Declaration on Education for All: Meeting Basic Learning NeedsΆρθρο 162. Η παιδεία αποτελεί βασική αποστολή του the State και έχει σκοπόat the moral, Education constitutes a basic mission for Κράτους and shall aim την ηθική, πνευματική επαγγελματική και φυσική αγωγή των Ελλήνων, την ανάπτυξη intellectual, professional and physical training of Greeks, the development of της εθνικής και θρησκευτικής συνείδησης και τη διάπλασή τους σε national and religious consciousness and at their formation as free and ελεύθερους και υπεύθυνους πολίτες. responsible citizens. Greek Constitution 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • Aviation2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • Automobile2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • Industry2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • Constructions2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • Cities2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • Schools remain unchangedWhen it comes to the field of education, this lack of social innovationbecomes even more troubling, due to the fact that failing to “re-engineer” ournational and European educational systems, effects significantly all other areas ofsocial and economical development, jurpotising Europe’s position in the globalknowledge-based society.Especially, Schools appear to remain almost unchanged for the most part despitenumerous efforts and investments in technology, teachers’ training andinfrastructure. Yet, the way we organise schooling and provide education remainsbasically the same.To put it in another way: “we still educate our students based on anagricultural timetable, in an industrial setting, yet telling students and teachersthey live in a digital age”. 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • During the past years, several reasons have been identifiedseparately as possible distractions in aligning schoolsoperations and results to the ones anticipated by the 21stCentury Societies.The most highlighted ones being:Lack of funds, not enough computers in the classroom, littleinterest from students and parents, out of date teachingpractices, poorly trained teachers, and even afundamentally flawed way to measure performance atschools.Many national and European initiatives have beenundertaken to tackle these issues separately. Yet, theimprovement has been marginal, if any at all. 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • “I am not a teacher of “things”, I am an “orchestrator” of ideas. My educational institution is not a physical plant with classrooms and trees, but a “hub” of resources no longer constrained by time and place. My students are no longer “my” students, but we are all students together”. Dillon and Granger (1998)2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • Different Cultures, Different settings, Different Needs 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • But we are educating our childrenby developing the same curricula 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • …the same books2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • …while we are following the same timetables 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • Educational Systems have to focus on the real educational needs.Current approaches, although arepromising “education for all”, seem to ignore the real situation in the local settings. 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • Main challenge for an effectiveeducational system 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • ARTICLE I - MEETING BASIC LEARNING NEEDS Every person - child, youth and adult - shall be able to benefit from educational opportunities designed to meet their basic learning needs. These needs comprise both essential learning tools (such as literacy, oral expression, numeracy, and problem solving) and the basic learning content (such as knowledge, skills, values, and attitudes). The scope of basic learning needs and how they should be met varies with individual countries and cultures, and inevitably, changes with the passage of time. World Declaration on Education for All: Meeting Basic Learning NeedsΆρθρο 162. Η παιδεία αποτελεί βασική αποστολή του the State και έχει σκοπόat the moral, Education constitutes a basic mission for Κράτους and shall aim την ηθική, πνευματική επαγγελματική και φυσική αγωγή των Ελλήνων, την ανάπτυξη intellectual, professional and physical training of Greeks, the development of της εθνικής και θρησκευτικής συνείδησης και τη διάπλασή τους σε national and religious consciousness and at their formation as free and ελεύθερους και υπεύθυνους πολίτες. responsible citizens. Greek Constitution 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • Responsibility of the Total control of the State to ensure education process from Education for All state authorities 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • Characteristics of the (Western) Educational SystemsTOP DOWN APPROACH CENTRALLY GUIDED BINDING FOR THE TEACHER RESTRICTI VE 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • Health2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • Medicine2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • Food2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • Effective Educational SystemsThe success of the effective educational systems (e.g. Finland) can be attributed to shift from controlling the resources and content of education towards a focus on better outcomes, while establishing universal high standards.These systems have also abandoned uniformity in favour of embracing diversity and individualised learning and moved from a bureaucratic approach towards delegating responsibilities; from talking about equity to delivering equity. 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • The Reform Journey • For a system’s improvement journey • to be sustained over the long term, the • improvements have to be integrated into • the very fabric of the system pedagogy. • We have identified three ways that • improving systems do this: by establishing • collaborative practices, by developing • a mediating layer between the schools • and the center, and by architecting • tomorrow’s leadership. Each of these • aspects of sustaining improvement is an • interconnected and integral part of the • system pedagogy. • How the world’s most improved school systems keep getting better • November 2010 Mc Kinsey2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • OECD POLICY ADVICE FOR GREECE downsize the central structures currently devoted to input-, pre audit-oriented controls. Complement the centrally-led approach to Professional development with a more local, decentralised approach based on school needs. These needs should be evaluated and examined at school level. Accelerate the initiative on school self evaluation with a view to designing and implementing a comprehensive system of assessment and evaluation based on results and outcomesAugust, 2011 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • Bureaucratic School Systems EMPLOYERS ORGANISATIONS , GOVERNMENT UNIONS FUNDING QA BODY ASSESSMENT ENTERPRISES MEDIA / IT TERTIARY EDUCATION CULTURAL / RELIGIOUS T GROUPS E F SCHOOL A O C R PARENTS H C E E TEACHER TEACHER R LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER LEARNER2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • Schools as Focused Learning OrganisationsSCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL LEARNER TEACHER INTERNATIONAL AGENCIES LEARNING PARENTS CONSULTANT TERTIARYEDUCATION CULTURAL / RELIGIOUS GROUPS TEACHERPROFESSION, LEARNING TRAINING COMPANIES MEDIA / ITLEARNING QA FUNDINGMATERIALS ASSESSMENT BODY EMPLOYERS ORGANISATIONS, ENTERPRISES GOVERNMENT UNIONS 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • What is really needed: Flexibility and Diversity School-based curriculum development, steering by information and support The State only defines the framework. More freedom of choice to the teacher Flexibility to the teacher to form his/her lesson and apply innovative methods and tools Trust through professionalismA culture of trust on teachers’ and headmasters’ professionalism in judging what is best for students and in reporting of progress 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi
  • Crisis: An opportunity for changeIt is not a matter of money! It is a matter of creativity! 2011 Open Classroom Conference – Ellinogermaniki Agogi