Mobile Innovations and Evolution in the Education Ecosystem Paul Kim Chief Technology Officer Assistant Dean Stanford University School of Education email@example.com
All living things evolve... So do thoughts, values, practices, organizations, etc. Therefore, evolution is everywhere around us. Let’s study some basic terms first.
http://www.flickr.com/photos/alfredoliverani-stamps/4174269905/sizes/z/in/photostream/ Darwin (1859) proposed the idea that organisms adapt and evolve through natural selection, creating particular ecological niches and eventually resulting in the emergence of new species.
Natural Selection New change is introduced to the ecosystem. Predator is part of the ecosystem and it is certainly part of the environment the species interact with. No change means extinction. Better species = More competitive service, product, delivery, etc. http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article//evo_39
Artificial Selection Interactions and Influences Natural selection => Responsive or reactive Artificial selection processes within organizations, models, etc. = Initiative or proactive Try out and see what works better or becomes better; Identify best practices and eliminate bad features or procedures; keep what work best; and scale up your model. You cannot expect a change if you just think about it and never try. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a7/Cornselection.jpg
A business or industry, as a living organism, often must evolve (i.e., to overcome or even leverage changes) in order to seek higher efficiencies and ensure itslong-term sustainability (Kim, 2010).
Let’s look at some evolution examples from the industries.
Evolving at a slower clock speed Boeing 747-100 1969 Take off… Land… The same way No faster Boeing 747-200 1976 Boeing 747-400 1989 Value priority Ticket Price Operation Cost Profitable Routes Boeing 777-300 1994
1981 Call Text message Take photo Edit video Browse Mobinar Do whatever Value priority Expansion and Quality of User Experience When ICT is the main driver of evolution = faster clock speed
What can we learn? If the external evolution rate exceeds the internal evolution rate, extinction is eminent. Adapt to the changing rules of the game. Or die out. We know it, but the knowing and doing gap abounds. Many organizations are not good at evolving because they are busy putting out daily fires. Organizational change requires organizational cohesion through value alignment. Everyone is appreciating the same value.)
MYSPACE for Grand Canyon University - From “almost closing down status” in 2001. (1949-2003 / 2004-2010) Making it the first for-profit Christian college in the United States. IPO NASDAQ in 2008. As of Dec. 2009: 37,000. Major genetic mutation occurred in 2003: non-profit to for-profit. Hybrid: on-ground and online. Joined the major league http://finance.yahoo.com/
Founded in 1996 Completely online. Started as non-profit and received accreditation in 2003. 9000 students. 95% advanced degree seeking students. One 3-story building in the middle of desert in Arizona. Going for organic growth.
Where are all the traditional university features?
Commoncharacteristics of emerging universities
(Tightly measure all performance indicators. CRM - every interaction matters.)
Unbundled faculty roles
Cloud services (Plug-n-Play) – buildings, online library DB, admission, writing support center, IT support, everything that are not core competencies / Faculty contract by course – highly disintegrated model
DIY U: Edupunks, Edupreneurs and the Coming Transformation of Higher Education It’s a story about the communities of visionaries who are using new technologies to bring us a revolution in higher learning that is affordable, accessible, and learner-centered.
What’s for sure? Although the clock speed is still slow, more artificial selections to be made in the education ecosystem.
Another interesting phenomenon in the education ecosystem.
Mobile Technology for Innovative, Inclusive, Integrative, & International Education Ecosystem.
POMI 2020Programmable Open Mobile Internet The Stanford Clean Slate Programhttp://cleanslate.stanford.edu
33 Stanford Faculty Team Education Applications Paul Kim HCI Scott Klemmer Security Dan Boneh John Mitchell Languages Monica Lam Distributed Systems David Mazieres Phil Levis OS Mendel Rosenblum Architecture Christos Kozyrakis Economics Ramesh Johari Guru Parulkar Nick McKeown Networking Fouad Tobagi Andrea Goldsmith Radio Arogyaswami Paulraj
Global Partnership CETYS Universidad, Mexico Last Alliance Strike The Mouse
Migrant indigenous children from Oaxaca mountain regions
PocketSchool for those who have no access to school StoryReader coupled with paper stories!
Do you believe sesame street was helpful for children to learn? How about mobile sesame street? More important matter is that smartphones of today are going to be much better than just mobile sesame street. Never owned a book in his life.
Pocket school: Exploring mobile technology as a sustainable literacy education option for underserved children in Latin America. International Journal of Educational Development. 28(4), pp. 435-445. An action research for the development of mobile learning system for the underserved. Educational Technology Research & Development. 57(3), pp. 415-435.
Socioeconomic Strata, Mobile Technology, & Education: A comparative Analysis. Educational Technology Research & Development (DOI: 10.1007/s11423-010-9172-3.
Global Partnership Universidad Technologia, El Salvador
Global Partnership Universidad Technologia, El Salvador MrsErlindaHándal Vega Vice Minister of Science & Technology
Global Partnership BIRZEIT University, Palestine
No computer no Internet No Library Extremely underserved school 2hr/day electricity. ardto receive external aids
Digital storytelling among Israeli and Palestinian Children in the Era of Mobile Innovation. (To appear in Educational Media and Technology Yearbook, Volume 36.) Creativity Gap in the Global Era: Using Mobile Devices to Assess and Develop Critical Thinking Skills Among Palestinian Youth. (Forth coming).
Global Partnership Tumba College of Technology, Rwanda Civic engagement, Genocide victims with HIV/AIDS/ Micro-business-based women empowerment / Entrepreneurship & Mobile Storytelling Dr. Gatare Minister of ICT
49 Raising HIV Awareness Counter the mis-conception Competition game based Learning HIV/AIDS & Track Learning entrepreneurship 49
PocketSchool Do you remember why pocket-size mobile technology is different from desktop or even notebook computers?
Portability Less electricity consumption Ease of implementation Ease of maintenance Performance tracking Individualized intervention The list goes on…
Contextualized innovation vs. Reverse innovation - Much more energy efficient device. Alternative energy option for developing countries is green ideas for developed countries. Must be game-based/ activity-based in developing countries.
Value-centeredEducation Ecosystem Service Learning Model Relevant and Meaningful Experiences for everyone Global Partnership for Global Causes Sustainable Education Ecosystem
Mobile technology makes a bottom up approach actually possible. Easier to implement in a much shorter time. Leverage widely available cellular networks. Equalize access to educational development opportunities for all. Strategic value alignment to cause evolution in the education ecosystem (University students + Faculty + Children + Real world problems )
Really? For all? At least we are trying our best…
Alberto in a rural village school in Baja California, Mexico “I want to study with the mobile computer, too!” Mobile Exam and Audio Games for the blind. (Dominican Republic) We always look for partners!
From device recognition to problem solving through collaborations. Response tracking log
Remotely Operated Science Experiment - A new approach to supplement real-time collaboration and online learning. (Forth coming). Stanford Mobile Inquiry-based Learning Environment (SMILE): using mobile phones to promote student inquires in the elementary classroom. (To appear in the Proceedings of World Congress in Computer Science, Computer Engineering, and Applied Computing. July, 2011)
Exploration of a Self-Directed Mobile Learning Model for the Extremely Underserved Communities. (International Journal of Educational Development. 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2011.05.008). PocketSchool Interactive Learning Ad-hoc Network and HIV/AIDS Education in the Developing Region. (Forth coming).
21st Century Value-Centered Education Ecosystem ANSWERS “WHY?” Shared peace & prosperity, mental & physical wellbeing, unity (Afghan refugee, Uganda refugee, Nomadic Indian tribes, HIV/AIDS victims of the genocide, children in Qalqylya, Palestine, students with disabilities, Ashram Ghandi, etc. MOTIVATE CONSTITUENCIES IGNITE PASSION VALUE NURTURE CATALYZE APPLICABLE PEDAGOGY CONTENT CONTEXTUALIZED ENABLING AGENT TECHNOLOGY NEW POSSIBILITIES Must continue to evolve VCEE
The Future is Here; It's Just Not Widely Distributed, Yet. - William Gibson The Future is Not Widely Distributed. Therefore, It is Not Here, Yet. - Paul Kim
Evolution never stops. Life is just a dash. What will you cause in your life?
Let’s remember Dr. Kim Foreman, Professor of Education, San Francisco State University, who died on a jungle road while striving to educate and empower future leaders of Rwanda