Creative imitation simplifies in order to reveal
Look at text: Symbols inspire thought Creative metaphor refigures reality Relational: I say it, you interpret it Surplus of meaning Can’t be translated into descriptive language
Narrative configures reality the plot asserts cause history tells us why things are as they are fiction tells us how things might be Understanding lies between text and reader
Reading in the hermeneutic circle for fuller understanding 1. naive reading 2. explanation –internal coherence 3. suspicion – does it mean what it seems? 4. understanding – seeing the world it projects 5. appropriation – buying into that world What it means depends (partly) on who reads
Challenge set aside belief-systems and read as educator Rich fund of Take distance: stories hear it afresh metaphors let it speak symbols Learn told over centuries in encounter between world of text and our world interfaces between fields of knowledge are loci of creativity
Teachers: 128 references to Jesus teachers and teaching 43 references to Paul learning mediated by text Teaching is relational the text itself is and student-centred teachingExpect principles rather than technical solutions
Uses many forms and genres metaphors stories (parables) Jesus and Paul principles pull crowds exhortation Different from poetry traditional teacher action Tyrranus? letters Relational and interactive
The light shines in the darknessbut the darkness has not overcome it
What might it mean Jesus tells stories that to someone in invite the listener to distance learning? find meaning efforts are scattered (parables) widely “A sower went out to much is wasted sow...” still yield huge What does it mean returns to you? A story of encouragement...
Identify with them “puts his tent in their camp” Homes Gatherings Targets the socially excluded Goes to “the other side”...
Double story crossing the lake in a storm; and encounter with Gadarene man with demons Story told three times (by Matthew, Mark and Luke) Apart from words of Jesus, every word is different But same steps Any story can be told in many ways
The storm on the lake Facing trouble and danger to do the job Echoes of Jonah, who ran away; and Julius Caesar, who turned back Asks a question: Not “How did he do this?” But “Who is this?”
At the other side... Man with demons prefers the dead to the living world is upside-down distinguish man from demons demons in one man v demons in crowd political subtext Man pleased to have world put right-way up Townspeople preferred things as they were
Tension maintained between building on what we have “not to abolish, but to fulfil” so work in stages; and turning the world upside down “puts down the mighty... and exalts the humble” breaking in A method, not an answer
Travelled to lay foundations Lectured and debated could be long-winded Built an organisation sometimes hard to Placed key leaders and understand managers could be lyrical Sent colleagues to run Wrote letters tutorials his metaphors cross cultural barriers adapts what is familiar
Theology is about relationships Where we are in the order of things How to relate to others Learned in community Needs someone to exhort, guide, encourage, accompany παρὰκλητὸς parakletos
Traditional Jewish festival celebrates gifts to Israel Pentecost in New Testament turns towards others And provides us with...
ὑμῖν τοῖς μακρὰν καὶ τοῖς ἐγγύς To those far off and to those who are near
Cimabue Santa Trinita Madonna Giotto Ognisanti Madonna Duccio Ruccelai Madonna