New Humanism, Technologyand Civilizations in the Global  University System (GUS)           Tapio Varis, professor emeritus...
Alliance of Civilizations•  Dialogue, culture and civilization•  Is technocratic pragmatism of high-   tech culture replac...
Contribution to a world civic cultureThe objective is to create a peaceful, inter- dependent world which would be a good p...
Varis Columbia University 2013   4
Towards Global Civilization: TheGreat Minds: Aristotle, Sakyamuni, and Confucius. China Block Printing Museum at Yangzhou,...
DR. SARVEPALLI  RADHAKRISHNAN (1888-1975)•  By interpreting Indian thought in western terms and   showing that it was imbu...
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization                          (Founded in 1946)               ...
Archibald MacLeish(American poet and librarian, Chairman of the Committee             which drafted the Preamble)"Of cours...
FROM EVOLUTIONARY HUMANISM      TO NEW HUMANISM•  Unesco constitution, ”peace must be   founded, if it is not to fail, upo...
UNITWIN / UNESCO Chairs                  ProgrammeI. Definition and BackgroundØ  UNITWIN is the abbreviation for the Univ...
New Strategic Orientations of the     UNITWIN Programme (2007)Ø  Creation of a new generation of UNESCO Chairs /  UNITWIN...
Media and Information Literacyand Intercultural Dialogue Week           (UNESCO)Media, the Internet, libraries and otherin...
Students From Tufts, Moscow   State To Discuss Arms Race•  AP , Associated Press AP News Archive Feb.   19, 1988 3:37 PM E...
Varis Columbia University 2013   14
Global Lecture Hall•  In the Global Lecture Hall (GLH) world-   wide demonstration in July 1994, Dr.   Takeshi Utsumi (Cha...
Varis Columbia University 2013   16
Intercultural communication•  ”While Christianity and Islam encourage   active and sometimes aggressive ways of   life, Or...
Elise Boulding Building a Global Civic Culture:Education for an Interdependent World.Columbia University, Teachers College...
Boulding: Diversity. social order       and universalism    •    Western approach    •    Indian approach    •    Chinese ...
Hi-Tech Culture & Learning•  By making learning a tool of politics and   economics utilitarianism has robbed   learning of...
A SHARED HERITAGE OF MANKIND    (Abdus Salam, 1926 - 1996)•  The Greek Commonwealth•  Chinese, Indian, Arabic, Persian, Tu...
Abdus Salam: Global vision of aconsortium of universities (1966)”… the building up of literacy, the buildingup of infrastr...
Julian Huxley, First DG of UNESCO                 1946-48•  The main architect of the new evolutionary   synthesis•  ”High...
Mr. Koichiro Matsuura           DG Unesco (1999-2009)•  “It is necessary to build up large   movement to humanize globaliz...
Ms.Irina Bokova          DG Unesco (2009- )•  New Humanism is not only theoretical but   also practical•  New humanism in ...
Varis Columbia University 2013          Varis 2013             26
New humanistic awarenessNEW HUMANISM                       OLD HUMANISM•  Human being over                •  Human being o...
NEW CITIZENS,        INTERCULTURAL     DIALOGUE AND MEDIA           LITERACY:   AN EDUCATION FOR PEACE•  “Humanity should ...
Varis Columbia University 2013   29
Global University System (GUS)          Varis Columbia University 2013   30
From International to Global?  Danger of technocracy?         Varis Columbia University 2013   31
Inspiration of the best traditions of         American thinking –  Extreme freedom of thought, –  An emphasis on independe...
Mission Statement•  Identify, test, and facilitate the deployment of   broadband Internet and related technologies that   ...
The Philosophies and Principles•  Transcultural, Globalwide Initiative•  Education for Moral Leadership•  Priority on Acad...
UNESCO WCHE 2009•  Social responsibility of higher   education:“Higher education institutions, through their   core functi...
UNESCO WCHE 2009•  International cooperation in higher   education should be based on solidarity   and mutual respect and ...
Knowledge for What?         Education for What?•  Are we endorsing the hegemony of the   techno-scientific model in defini...
A culture of peace•  The creation of a culture of peace and   peaceful understanding between   communities and people must...
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Tapio Varis: New Humanism, Technology and Civilizations in the Global University System

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Columbia University seminar, New York, April 17,2013
http://www.friends-partners.org/GLOSAS/
P. Tapio Varis, Ph.D., professor emeritus
Acting President of Global University System (GUS)
UNESCO Chair in Global e-Learning with applications to multiple domains
Professor and Chair of Media Education
Research Center for Vocational Education & Hypermedia Laboratory
University of Tampere
P.O.Box 229
FIN-13101 Hameenlinna
FINLAND
+358-3-3551-3608
Tel: +358-3-614-5608--office in Hameenlinna
Tel: +358-3-215 6243--mass media lab in Tampere
GSM: +358-50-567-9833
Fax: +358-3-614-5611 or +358-3-3551-3611
tapio.varis@uta.fi
tapio.varis@hamk.fi
tapio.varis@helsinki.fi
http://www.uta.fi/~titava
www.ecml-eu.org -- about ECML project.
http://www.uta.fi/conference/mediaskills/

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Tapio Varis: New Humanism, Technology and Civilizations in the Global University System

  1. 1. New Humanism, Technologyand Civilizations in the Global University System (GUS) Tapio Varis, professor emeritus UNESCO Chair in Global e-Learning University of Tampere, Finland Acting President of GUS Columbia University seminar, New York, April 17,2013 Varis Columbia University 2013 1
  2. 2. Alliance of Civilizations•  Dialogue, culture and civilization•  Is technocratic pragmatism of high- tech culture replacing religion, politics, and ideologies in creating utopias?•  Self-learning and Open Educational Resources (OER)•  Media and information literacy•  Peace Varis Columbia University 2013 2
  3. 3. Contribution to a world civic cultureThe objective is to create a peaceful, inter- dependent world which would be a good place for people to live. No one society can impose a universal order acceptable to all other societies. The creation of species identity that will encompass cultural diversity is a major challenge (Elise Boulding 1988) Varis Columbia University 2013 3
  4. 4. Varis Columbia University 2013 4
  5. 5. Towards Global Civilization: TheGreat Minds: Aristotle, Sakyamuni, and Confucius. China Block Printing Museum at Yangzhou, Yangzhou Museum Varis Columbia University 2013 5
  6. 6. DR. SARVEPALLI RADHAKRISHNAN (1888-1975)•  By interpreting Indian thought in western terms and showing that it was imbued with reason and logic he was able to give Indians a new sense of esteem, who were overcome by inferiority complex by imperial forces•  The philosophical systems of each tradition are comprehensible within the terms of the other. He wrote authoritative exegeses of Indias religious and philosophical literature for the English speaking world•  Western philosophers, despite all claims to objectivity, were influenced by theological influences of their own culture Varis Columbia University 2013 6
  7. 7. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Founded in 1946) Varis Columbia University 2013 7 7
  8. 8. Archibald MacLeish(American poet and librarian, Chairman of the Committee which drafted the Preamble)"Of course we can educate for world peace. I would be willing, for my own part, to say that there is no possible way of getting world peace except through education.Which means education of the peoples of the world. All you can do by arrangements between governments is to remove the causes of disagreement which may become, in time, causes of war. But peace, as we are all beginning to realize, is something a great deal more than the absence of war. Peace is positive and not negative. Peace is a way of living together which excludes war, rather than a period without war in which peoples try to live together." (The Unesco Courier, October 1985: 27) Varis Columbia University 2013 8
  9. 9. FROM EVOLUTIONARY HUMANISM TO NEW HUMANISM•  Unesco constitution, ”peace must be founded, if it is not to fail, upon the intellectual and moral solidarity of mankind”, Unesco Chair•  Huxley and ”evolutionary humanism”•  Towards new humanism, Human Rights & Human Responsibilities, Individuality and responsibility: higher humanity (Sitaram) Varis Columbia University 2013 9
  10. 10. UNITWIN / UNESCO Chairs ProgrammeI. Definition and BackgroundØ  UNITWIN is the abbreviation for the University Twinning and Networking.Ø  The UNITWIN/UNESCO Chairs Programme, established in 1992, is conceived as a way to advance research, training and programme development in higher education by building university networks and encouraging inter-university cooperation through transfer of knowledge across borders.II. UNITWIN in figures (as of 21.04.2010) 659 UNESCO Chairs 65 UNITWIN Networks770 Higher Education institutions127 Member States Varis Columbia University 2013 10
  11. 11. New Strategic Orientations of the UNITWIN Programme (2007)Ø  Creation of a new generation of UNESCO Chairs / UNITWIN Networks, to be acting as “think-tanks” and as “bridge-builders”, between research outcomes and decision-making, as well as between academia and local communitiesØ  Realignment with UNESCO’s prioritiesØ  Creation of regional or sub-regional poles of excellence and innovationØ  Stimulation of triangular North-South-South cooperation Varis Columbia University 2013 11
  12. 12. Media and Information Literacyand Intercultural Dialogue Week (UNESCO)Media, the Internet, libraries and otherinformation providers play an essential rolein the way other peoples, cultures, religionsand ethnic groups are perceived. Media andinformation providers also have thefundamental power to promote diversity,pluralism and intercultural dialogue.http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/media-development/media-literacy/milid-week/ Varis Columbia University 2013 12
  13. 13. Students From Tufts, Moscow State To Discuss Arms Race•  AP , Associated Press AP News Archive Feb. 19, 1988 3:37 PM ET•  MEDFORD, MASS. MEDFORD, Mass. (AP) _ About 350 students from Tufts University will discuss the Cold War and nuclear arms race in a classroom session with undergraduate counterparts in the Soviet Union via television, the school said.•  The March 5 teleconference is the first of three scheduled sessions between students from Tufts and Moscow State University in a jointly run course on the superpowers arms buildup. Varis Columbia University 2013 13
  14. 14. Varis Columbia University 2013 14
  15. 15. Global Lecture Hall•  In the Global Lecture Hall (GLH) world- wide demonstration in July 1994, Dr. Takeshi Utsumi (Chairman of GLOSAS/ USA and President of GU/USA) stated "This is one step closer to my long- standing dream of realizing Globally Collaborative Environmental Peace Gaming through Global Neural Computer Network of the Global Brain". Varis Columbia University 2013 15
  16. 16. Varis Columbia University 2013 16
  17. 17. Intercultural communication•  ”While Christianity and Islam encourage active and sometimes aggressive ways of life, Oriental religions such as Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism all encourage passive, quiet and modest ways of life”Youichi ITO, Keio University, Japan (1990) Varis Columbia University 2013 17
  18. 18. Elise Boulding Building a Global Civic Culture:Education for an Interdependent World.Columbia University, Teachers College, New York 1988 Varis Columbia University 2013 18
  19. 19. Boulding: Diversity. social order and universalism •  Western approach •  Indian approach •  Chinese approach •  Islamic approach •  Growing up in a High Technology Culture: Problems of Knowing Varis Columbia University 2013 19
  20. 20. Hi-Tech Culture & Learning•  By making learning a tool of politics and economics utilitarianism has robbed learning of its inherent dignity and independence (Toyenbee & Ikeda 1976)•  Technocratic rationality produces restricted, procedurally driven thinking (Gowin 1988)•  The world is fragmenting (Gilberto Gil) Varis Columbia University 2013 20
  21. 21. A SHARED HERITAGE OF MANKIND (Abdus Salam, 1926 - 1996)•  The Greek Commonwealth•  Chinese, Indian, Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Afghan period•  Western science & technology (after 1100)•  Central Africa, Maya, Aztecs etc•  Science and technology are cyclical Varis Columbia University 2013 21
  22. 22. Abdus Salam: Global vision of aconsortium of universities (1966)”… the building up of literacy, the buildingup of infrastructure for science teaching aswell as for scientific research, the need forbuilding up of libraries as well as oflaboratories and, above all, of building upindigenous scientific communities,” Varis Columbia University 2013 22
  23. 23. Julian Huxley, First DG of UNESCO 1946-48•  The main architect of the new evolutionary synthesis•  ”Higher humanity”•  Huxleys humanism came from his appreciation that mankind was in charge of its own destiny, and this raised the need for a sense of direction and a system of ethics Varis Columbia University 2013 23
  24. 24. Mr. Koichiro Matsuura DG Unesco (1999-2009)•  “It is necessary to build up large movement to humanize globalization, based on solidarity, on the spirit of caring for and sharing with others”•  Open Educational Resources (OER) initiative as a cooperation mechanism for the open, non-commercial use of educational resources Varis Columbia University 2013 24
  25. 25. Ms.Irina Bokova DG Unesco (2009- )•  New Humanism is not only theoretical but also practical•  New humanism in the global society must prioritise a new sense of respect for multiplicity and cultural diversity and must support media development with the goal of consolidating the new culture of peace Varis Columbia University 2013 25
  26. 26. Varis Columbia University 2013 Varis 2013 26
  27. 27. New humanistic awarenessNEW HUMANISM OLD HUMANISM•  Human being over •  Human being over technology theology•  Critical to technology •  Critical to classic texts•  Autonomy over global •  Discovery of self communication•  Diversity •  New world•  Universal rights and •  Cosmopolitanism responsibilities Varis Columbia University 2013 27
  28. 28. NEW CITIZENS, INTERCULTURAL DIALOGUE AND MEDIA LITERACY: AN EDUCATION FOR PEACE•  “Humanity should govern the development of technology instead of technology governing the development of humanity” (Perez Tornero & Varis) Varis Columbia University 2013 28
  29. 29. Varis Columbia University 2013 29
  30. 30. Global University System (GUS) Varis Columbia University 2013 30
  31. 31. From International to Global? Danger of technocracy? Varis Columbia University 2013 31
  32. 32. Inspiration of the best traditions of American thinking –  Extreme freedom of thought, –  An emphasis on independent thinking, –  A steady immigration of new minds, –  A risk-taking culture with no stigma attached to trying and failing, –  A non-corrupt bureaucracy, and –  Financial markets and a venture capital system that are unrivaled at taking new ideas and turning them into global products. Varis Columbia University 2013 32
  33. 33. Mission Statement•  Identify, test, and facilitate the deployment of broadband Internet and related technologies that are affordable and accessible for underdeveloped areas of the world,•  Coordinate the delivery of content and rich educational experiences leading to a GUS degree,•  Provide a global infrastructure for collaboration among faculty, students, graduates, and policy makers in universities, healthcare institutions, corporations, and governments. Varis Columbia University 2013 33
  34. 34. The Philosophies and Principles•  Transcultural, Globalwide Initiative•  Education for Moral Leadership•  Priority on Academic Freedom•  Emphasis on Quality Education•  Responsiveness to Student Needs and Aspirations•  Transnational Collaboration on Research•  Commitment to Openness•  Cultural Sensitivity Without Fragmentation or Homogenization Varis Columbia University 2013 34
  35. 35. UNESCO WCHE 2009•  Social responsibility of higher education:“Higher education institutions, through their core functions (research, teaching and service to the community) carried out in the context of institutional autonomy and academic freedom, should increase their interdisciplinary focus and promote critical thinking and active citizenship” Varis Columbia University 2013 35
  36. 36. UNESCO WCHE 2009•  International cooperation in higher education should be based on solidarity and mutual respect and the promotion of humanistic values and intercultural dialogue. Varis Columbia University 2013 36
  37. 37. Knowledge for What? Education for What?•  Are we endorsing the hegemony of the techno-scientific model in defining legitimate and productive knowledge?•  Should the term “Digital Age” be replaced by multicultural world?•  The spirit of knowledge sharing and caring•  New humanism Varis Columbia University 2013 37
  38. 38. A culture of peace•  The creation of a culture of peace and peaceful understanding between communities and people must be the ultimate value for media literacy: this means accepting the elementary principle that no one is right without dialogue and there is no peace without freedom and justice. Varis Columbia University 2013 38

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