Wireless innovations"• From the network is the computer to the phone is the computer!• From spectrum monopolies to spectrum sharing?"• 4g (lte—long term evolution & directional antennas?)"• 5g (darpa ad hoc networks & every phone a switch?)"
Network futures"• Internet2++"• The advent of all-optical networks?"• perfSONAR"• Dynamic networking"• Software deﬁned networks"
Speculations"• Was ARPA/NSFnet the vacuum tube era and Internet2 the transistor era of networking?"• Will Internet2++ be the integrated circuit era?"• What may be the WWW, Google, and cloud computing of an all-optical age? "
Ohio: Leading the Midwest’sInnovation BeltApril 25, 2012Internet2 Spring Member MeetingPankaj Shah, OARnetJim Petro, Ohio Board of RegentsDr. Caroline Whitacre, The Ohio State University
OARnet: 25 Years of Networking Future November 2004 Today 2012 1987Ohio Board of ExpandRegents creates through grantOARnet. Acquire dark fiber partnerships; to create a highly increase scalable, fiber-optic 1,850 miles of capacity to infrastructure. network backbone. 100 Gbps. 17
Accelerating Ohio’s Futureat 100 Gigabits per second
America’s Innovation Belt Supplying the innovation to drive our economic recovery 35
Questions? Pankaj Shah Executive Director OARnet firstname.lastname@example.org Jim Petro Chancellor Ohio Board of Regents Board of Regents 614-466-6000 Dr. Caroline Whitacre Vice President for Research The Ohio State University email@example.com
GENI Exploring Networks of the Future The start of GENI campus expansion Chip Elliott GENI Project Director www.geni.netSponsored by the National Science Foundation
Global networks are creating extremely important new challenges Science Issues Innovation Issues We cannot currently understand Substantial barriers to or predict the behavior of at-scale experimentation with new complex, large-scale networks architectures, services, and technologies Society Issues We increasingly rely onUIUC Credit: MONET Group at the Internet but are unsure we can trust its security, privacy or resilienceSponsored by the National Science Foundation Internet2 Spring Member Meeting – April 25, 2012 www.geni.net 53
What is GENI?• GENI is a virtual laboratory for exploring future internets at scale, now rapidly taking shape in prototype form across the United States• GENI opens up huge new opportunities – Leading-edge research in next-generation internets – Rapid innovation in novel, large-scale applications• Key GENI concept: slices & deep programmability – Internet: open innovation in application programs – GENI: open innovation deep into the networkSponsored by the National Science Foundation Internet2 Spring Member Meeting – April 25, 2012 www.geni.net 54
Revolutionary GENI Idea Slices and Deep Programmability Install the software I want throughout my network slice (into firewalls, routers, clouds, …) And keep my slice isolated from your slice, so we don’t interfere with each other We can run many different “future internets” in parallelSponsored by the National Science Foundation Internet2 Spring Member Meeting – April 25, 2012 www.geni.net 55
Federation GENI grows by “GENI-enabling” heterogeneous infrastructure My experiment runs across the evolving GENI federation. Campus Commercial #3 Clouds Backbone #1 Campus MyAccess Slice GENI Corporate #1 GENI suites Research Backbone #2 This approach looks Other-Nation remarkably familiar . . . Testbed Projects Campus NSF parts of GENI #2Goals: avoid technology “lock in,” add new technologies as they mature, and potentiallygrow quickly by incorporating existing infrastructure into the overall “GENI ecosystem”Sponsored by the National Science Foundation Internet2 Spring Member Meeting – April 25, 2012 www.geni.net 56
Enabling “at scale” experiments• How can we afford / build GENI at sufficient scale? – Clearly infeasible to build research testbed “as big as the Internet” – Therefore we are “GENI-enabling” testbeds, commercial equipment, campuses, regional and backbone networks – Students are early adopters / participants in at-scale experiments – Key strategy for building an at-scale suite of infrastructure HP ProCurve 5400 Switch NEC WiMAX Base Station GENI-enabled GENI-enabled campuses, “At scale” GENI prototype equipment students as early adopters Sponsored by the National Science Foundation Internet2 Spring Member Meeting – April 25, 2012 www.geni.net 57
Looking forward Growing to the “at scale” GENI• Suggest 100-200 US campuses as target for “at scale” – Both academia and national labs – GENI-enable the campuses – Their students, faculty, staff can then “live in the future” using both today’s Internet and many experiments – Build out backbones, regionals, and shared clouds to support the campuses• Grow via ongoing spiral development – Identify, understand, and drive down risks – Learn what is useful and what is not – Early GENI campuses can help later ones• Transition to community governanceSponsored by the National Science Foundation Internet2 Spring Member Meeting – April 25, 2012 www.geni.net 58
Envisioned architecture UN I V E RS IT Y UN I V E RS IT Y ISP Internet Metro Research Backbones g Layer 2 UN I V E RS IT Y g GENI-enabled Data Plane hardware Layer 3 Legend Control Plane Regional Networks Campus g• Flexible network / cloud research • Support “hybrid circuit” model plus infrastructure much more (OpenFlow)• Also suitable for physics, • Distributed cloud (racks) for content genomics, other domain science caching, acceleration, etc. Sponsored by the National Science Foundation Internet2 Spring Member Meeting – April 25, 2012 www.geni.net 59
Spiral 4 build-outs well underway Growing GENI’s footprint (as proposed; actual footprint to be engineered)Sponsored by the National Science Foundation Internet2 Spring Member Meeting – April 25, 2012 www.geni.net 60
Spiral 4 build-outs well underway Creating and deploying GENI racks Ilia Baldine RENCI More resources / rack, fewer racks Rick McGeer HP Labs Fewer resources / rack, more racks ExoGENI Rack Installed at GPO – Feb 22, 2012Sponsored by the National Science Foundation Internet2 Spring Member Meeting – April 25, 2012 www.geni.net 61
GENI campus expansion • Current GENI campuses Clemson, Colorado, Columbia, Georgia Tech, Indiana, Princeton, Kansas State, NYU Poly, Rutgers, Stanford, UCLA,U MA Amherst, U Washington, U Wisconsin • CIO Initiative - 19 campuses Case Western, Chicago, Colorado, Cornell, Duke, Florida International, Dr. Larry Landweber, U. Wisconsin U Kansas, Michigan, NYU, Purdue, Tennessee, U FLA, University of• “GENI-enabled” means . . . Houston, UIUC, U MA Lowell- OpenFlow + GENI racks, plus Amherst, Utah, Washington, WiMAX on some campuses Wisconsin • Rapidly growing waitlistSponsored by the National Science Foundation Internet2 Spring Member Meeting – April 25, 2012 www.geni.net 62
S GENI / Internet2 Agreement N EW A major step towards campus expansion• Collaboration to implement national-scale infrastructure – sliced and deeply-programmable – incorporating OpenFlow/SDN switches, GENI Racks, university datacenters, etc. – high-speed (10-100 Gbps initially)• With software that supports shared use by faculty, students, and campus IT organizations• Gradual migration from today’s “prototype GENI” backbone in Internet2 to a real, production system• Scaling to an envisioned goal of 100-200 GENI campuses Opens the door for “at-scale” GENI ! Note that this agreement does not exclude either party from additional collaborations.Sponsored by the National Science Foundation Internet2 Spring Member Meeting – April 25, 2012 www.geni.net 63
NSF Cyberinfrastructure Solicitation CC-NIE proposal deadline: May 30, 2012 • Funds campus cyber- infrastructure for domain science and for computer science • Can fund “GENI enabling” your campus! • Can help build a coherent, end-to-end GENI across the United States • Interested? Talk to your CIO !• See: http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2012/nsf12541/nsf12541.htm• Internet2 and GPO can help you engage with your CIO and domain scientists.• Contacts: firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.comSponsored by the National Science Foundation Internet2 Spring Member Meeting – April 25, 2012 www.geni.net 64
Ramping up experimenter workshops and training sessions for IT staff • GPO funding 3 workshops / year by Indiana University • Goal: train IT staff on OpenFlow and (when available) GENI racks • At GEC 12 in Kansas City: Network Engineers “boot camp”, • 35 additional schools have given by Matt Davy and Steve expressed interest and are on Wallace, Indiana University waitlistSponsored by the National Science Foundation Internet2 Spring Member Meeting – April 25, 2012 www.geni.net 65
GENI Engineering Conferences We welcome your participation in creating GENI • 14th meeting, open to all: July 9-11, 2012, MIT / Boston – Planning & discussion for experimenters, software, infrastructure – Tutorials and workshops (plus Mozilla hackfest) – Travel grants to US academics for participant diversitySponsored by the National Science Foundation Internet2 Spring Member Meeting – April 25, 2012 www.geni.net 66