SSG Black Landmine/UXO defense class

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Basic introduction to Unexploded Ordinance (UXO).

Basic introduction to Unexploded Ordinance (UXO).

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  • 1. Landmine Defense 071-IAZAB007 SSG Black
  • 2. Rules of the House No questions are stupid! No sleeping (medicine ball)! Write notes! No dipping! Safety is low! Rally Point for fire (next slide)
  • 3. Safety Low in classroom! Be mindful of surroundings! Fire
  • 4. 1 2 Classroom DFAC
  • 5. Tasks Taught 052-192-1271! Identify Visual Indicators of an Improvised Explosive Device(IED) 093-401-5040 ! React to Unexploded Ordnance Hazards 052-192-1270 ! React to a Possible Improvised Explosive Device (IED)
  • 6. References FM 4-30.5! Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) Procedures 13 JUL 2006 FM 5-19! Composite Risk Management 21 AUG 2006 STP 21-1-SMC! Soldier’s Manual of Common Tasks Warrior Skills Level 1 02 MAY 2011 TC 3-34.489! The Soldier and the Environment 08 MAY 2001
  • 7. ATN.ARMY.MIL
  • 8. ATN.ARMY.MIL
  • 9. WWW.APD.ARMY.MIL
  • 10. CALL2.ARMY.MIL
  • 11. Warrior University
  • 12. So there I was…
  • 13. Action:! Identify, mark, and report unexploded ordnance (UXO); react to improvisedexplosive device (IED) and report. Conditions:! In a classroom environment, given instruction and slides. Standards:! Identify UXO by type and subgroup; recognize the associated hazards;react to prevent death, injury, or damage to material; and correctly reportthe UXO hazard using the UXO spot report. Properly react to a possibleIED. TLO
  • 14. ELO A Action: ! Identify UXO/IED hazard Condition: ! In a classroom environment, given classroom instructions and slides. Standard: ! Identify UXO/IED by type and subgroup; recognize the associated hazards.
  • 15. FOUR TYPES OF UXO DROPPED PROJECTED PLACED THROWN BOMBS PROJECTILES AP MINES HAND GRENADES DISPENSERS MORTARS AT MINES SIMULATORS SUB MUNITIONS ROCKETS BOOBY TRAPS GUIDED MISSILES RIFLE GRENADES
  • 16. Dropped
  • 17. US GP Bomb Russian GP Bomb Bombs Guided Bomb Fire Bomb
  • 18. Dispensers
  • 19. US Dual Purpose Russian Anti Armor US Anti Armor US Anti Armor Sub-munitions
  • 20. Sub-munitions Russian AP Mine Russian Anti Personnel US AT Mine US AP Mine
  • 21. Sub-munitions
  • 22. Projectiles Mortars Rockets Rifle Grenades Projected
  • 23. Projectiles US HEAT YUGO HEATUS Armor Piercing US HE
  • 24. US WP YUGO HERA Bulgarian HE Chinese HE Mortars
  • 25. Mortars
  • 26. Chinese HE Russian HE US HEAT Rockets
  • 27. US HEAT US Surface to Air Guided Missiles Chinese HEAT Russian HEAT
  • 28. Rifle Grenades US HEAT US 40mm HE Russian 40 mm HEATYUGO HEAT
  • 29. Placed
  • 30. Italian AP Russian AP Russian AP Russian AP Belgium AP Russian AP Anti-Personnel Mines
  • 31. Russian AT Blast YUGO AT Plate Italian AT Blast Anti-Tank Mines
  • 32. US Multi Option YUGO Clockwork YUGO Electronic Booby Traps
  • 33. Thrown
  • 34. Russian FRAG Chinese Hand HEAT UK FRAG US SMOKE US WP YUGO FRAG Hand Grenades
  • 35. Simulators
  • 36. CHECK ON LEARNING
  • 37. Bouncing Betty Placed AP Mine
  • 38. Israeli Runway ! Attack Munition Dropped Dispenser Sub-Munitions
  • 39. FOUR TYPES OF UXO DROPPED PROJECTED PLACED THROWN BOMBS PROJECTILES AP MINES HAND GRENADES DISPENSERS MORTARS AT MINES SIMULATORS SUB MUNITIONS ROCKETS BOOBY TRAPS GUIDED MISSILES RIFLE GRENADES
  • 40. ELO B Action: ! React to UXO/IED hazard Condition: ! In a classroom environment, given classroom instructions and slides. Standard: ! React to UXO/IED by type and subgroup; recognize the associated hazards; react to prevent death, injury, or damage to material.
  • 41. 43
  • 42. Establish security:! (a) Search secure area for possible secondary explosive device’s)/hazards.! (b) Identify potential enemy force observation/vantage points. ! (c) Seek all available man-made or natural frontal and overhead cover. ! (d) Avoid establishing a "reaction" pattern. ! ! Forward information to higher HQ using standard 9-line UXO report.
  • 43. Rule of Thumb* for safe distance 105 mm and smaller 106 mm and larger 300 meters 600 meters
  • 44. 46
  • 45. 47
  • 46. 48
  • 47. 49
  • 48. 50
  • 49. 51
  • 50. 52
  • 51. 53
  • 52. 54
  • 53. 55
  • 54. 56 IED Hidden in Plaster made to look like concrete block on side of road under debris Garage Door opener detonation device (Notice Wire)
  • 55. Daisy-Chain
  • 56. 58 IED 130mm HE projectile in Plastic bag.
  • 57. 59 IED 130mm HE projectile in burlap bag (notice wires coming out of bag)
  • 58. 60 “A way” to an IED/ Ambush Set-up 1st IED underneath Ignition Device & Wires Observation Position 2nd IED underneath 37
  • 59. 61 Molotov Cocktail
  • 60. Shape Charge (Funnel)
  • 61. 155 mm
  • 62. The U.S. Army must be prepared to - React and be proactive in the contemporary operating environment Accomplish the mission regardless of the Threat Realize that the “Front Line” is right where you are The Threat will use whatever it takes… Bottom Line
  • 63. CHECK ON LEARNING
  • 64. Minimum of 300 Meters What is the recommended evacuation distance for items 105 mm and smaller?
  • 65. Minimum of 600 Meters What is the recommended evacuation distance for items 106 mm and larger?
  • 66. How big is 105 mm?
  • 67. ELO C Action: ! Report UXO/IED hazard Condition: ! In a classroom environment, given classroom instructions and slides. Standard: ! Correctly able to use a UXO/IED Flow Chart and a UXO Spot Report.
  • 68. IDENTIFY THE UXO HAZARD AVOIDYES NO USE PROTECTIVE MEASURES MARK IT, REPORT IT CONTINUE MISSION UXO Hazard Flow Chart
  • 69. Do not Approach Suspect UXO Closer than Necessary Do not Move, Strike or Touch Suspect UXO Do Move or Remove Anything on, Near or Attached to Suspect UXO Do not use Electronic Devices within 100 meters of Suspect UXO Hazard Reactions
  • 70. Clearly mark area without approaching suspect UXO any closer than necessary Place Marker between waist and head level Standard UXO Marker Mark the Hazard
  • 71. Withdraw from area along same path used to enter area 105mm/4in or Smaller Diameter UXOs 300 meters 106mm/4in or Larger Diameter UXOs 600 meters Personnel need Frontal and Overhead Protection If NBC Threat Suspected Ensure All personnel Stay Upwind in MOPP Level 4 Evacuate
  • 72. Utilize minimum number of personnel in Full Protective Equipment Always interlock Sandbags 105mm/4in or Smaller Diameter UXOs Full circle Sandbag barrier 106mm/4in or Larger Diameter UXOs Semi-circle Sandbag barrier or Straight Wall of Sandbags Protective Measures
  • 73. Line 1: 121300LMAR98 Line 2: 1-75th Infantry Bn, C-Co, EP2134567891, 350 meters south of grid referenced road junction Line 3: 49.7000, Tripwire 60 or 1-800-435-6789 SFC Snuffy Line 4: Placed, Possible Improvised Explosive Device (IED) Line 5: None Line 6: MSR Speedway Line 7: Unit cannot conduct re-supply operations, MSR is in passable Line 8: Constructed sandbag barricade and evacuated non-essential personnel 300M. Mission essential personnel are in protective gear and utilizing frontal and overhead cover. Line 9: Immediate
  • 74. LINE 1: DTG ITEM DISCOVERED LINE 2: REPORTING ACTIVITY AND LOCATION LINE 3: CONTACT METHOD LINE 4: TYPE OF ORDNANCE LINE 5: NBC CONTAMINATION LINE 6: RESOURCES THREATENED LINE 7: IMPACT ON MISSION LINE 8: PROTECTIVE MEASURES LINE 9: RECOMMENDED PRIORITY Report the UXO Hazard
  • 75. TLO Action:! Identify, mark, and report unexploded ordnance (UXO); react to improvisedexplosive device (IED) and report. Conditions:! In a classroom environment, given instruction and slides. Standards:! Identify UXO by type and subgroup; recognize the associated hazards;react to prevent death, injury, or damage to material; and correctly reportthe UXO hazard using the UXO spot report. Properly react to a possibleIED.
  • 76. Recognize UXO Hazard Dropped: bombs, dispensers, and submunitions. Projected: projectiles, mortars, rockets, & guided missiles. Placed: landmines and booby traps. Thrown: grenades and simulators.
  • 77. React and Report the UXO Hazard UXO flow chart. Hazard reaction. Mark UXO. Evacuate. Protective measures. UXO spot report. Minimum required reporting information: who, what, where, when and priority.
  • 78. Operational Environment (OE) Sociological Demographics Regional and global relationships National will Time Economics Physical environment Nature and stability of the state Military capabilities Technology Information External organizations
  • 79. Center for Army Lessons Learned The most recent version of common CIED mistakes are: Establishing route patterns Relying on up armor to “find” IED’s Moving (straying) from swept lanes Establishing other patterns Failure to check vulnerable areas Failure to conduct proper threat analysis Failing to use or improper use of CIED equipment Failing to sweep for secondary IED’s or command wire after a find Over confirmation
  • 80. METT-TCMission! Environment! Terrain and Weather! Troops and Support Available! Time Available! Civil Considerations