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Taiwan Workshops - Effectively Communication Your Research 201403

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Edanz Senior Editor Dr Jeffrey Robens' Effectively Communicate Your Research presentation for Taiwan in March, 2014. Author workshop given alongside our publishing partner, Springer.

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Taiwan Workshops - Effectively Communication Your Research 201403

  1. 1. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Author  Workshop:     Effec%vely  Communica%ng  Your  Research   Taiwan   25–27  March  2014   Jeffrey  Robens,  PhD  
  2. 2. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Be an effective communicator S   ü Write  effec%vely   ü Logically  present  your  research  in  your  manuscript   ü Choose  the  best  journal  to  reach  your  target  audience   ü Convey  the  significance  of  your  work  to  journal  editors   ü Properly  revise  your  manuscript  aCer  peer  review   ü Promote  your  research  aCer  publica%on Your  goal  is  not  only  to  be  published,     but  also  to  be  widely  read/cited  
  3. 3. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Effec=ve  wri=ng   Section 1
  4. 4. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Effec?ve  wri?ng   Short sentences Reading  once…   4%  of  readers  can  understand  a  27-­‐word  sentence   75%  of  readers  can  understand  a  17-­‐word  sentence     Pinner  and  Pinner  (1998)  Communica)on  Skills   Goals  to  aim  for:   One  idea  per  sentence   15–20  words  
  5. 5. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Effec?ve  wri?ng   Active voice Sentences  wriOen  in  the  ac%ve  voice  are:   simple   direct   clear   easy  to  read   The  theories  evalua%ng  economic  growth  were  inves%gated.   Passive   We  inves%gated  the  theories  evalua%ng  economic  growth.   Ac=ve  
  6. 6. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Effec?ve  wri?ng   Stress position Readers  focus  at  the  end  of  the  sentence  to   determine  what  is  important.   1.  You  deserve  a  raise,  but  the  budget  is  %ght.   Which  sentence  suggests  that  you     will  get  a  raise?   2.  The  budget  is  %ght,  but  you  deserve  a  raise.   hGp://wri?ngcenter.unc.edu/handouts/flow/  
  7. 7. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Effec?ve  wri?ng   The  budget  is  %ght,  but  you  deserve  a  raise.  Your  salary   will  increase  at  the  beginning  of  next  year.   hGp://wri?ngcenter.unc.edu/handouts/flow/   Stress  posi%on   Topic  posi%on   The  topic  posi=on  introduces  the  idea  of  the  current  sentence   The  stress  posi%on  also  introduces     the  topic  of  the  next  sentence   Stress position
  8. 8. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Effec?ve  wri?ng   Topic position To   increase   the   number   of   student   applicants,   the   university   recently   implemented   a   new   program.   An   important  part  of  this  program  is  to  first  give  seminars   at   top-­‐ranking   high   schools   in   the   region.   Increasing   the  number  of  local  students  is  the  ini%al  step  for  the   program’s  success.     idea idea idea idea Topic  link sentence
  9. 9. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Effec?ve  wri?ng   Despite   steadily   rising   enrollment   rates   in   U.S.   postsecondary   ins?tu?ons,   weak   academic   performance   and   high   dropout   rates   remain   persistent   problems   among   undergraduates.   For   academic   ins?tu?ons,  high  aGri?on  rates  complicate  enrollment  planning  and   place  added  burdens  on  efforts  to  recruit  new  students.  For  students,   dropping  out  before  earning  a  terminal  degree  represents  untapped   human  poten?al  and  a  low  return  on  their  investment  in  college.  Poor   academic  performance  is  oUen  indica?ve  of  difficul?es  in  adjus?ng  to   college  and  makes  dropping  out  more  likely.     This  paper  examines  the  joint  effect  of  two  related  social  cogni?ve   factors—academic   self-­‐efficacy   and   stress—on   academic   performance   and   reten?on   for   college   freshmen.   Both   of   these   factors  have  been…   Zajacova  et  al.  Res  Higher  Ed.  2005;    46:    677–706.   Linking your ideas in your manuscript Topic  sentence   Stress  sentence   Topic  sentence  
  10. 10. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Manuscript  structure   Section 2
  11. 11. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Coverage  and   Staffing  Plan   Manuscript   structure   Use your figures to structure your manuscript Where  to  start?   v Your   findings   are   why   you   want   to   p u b l i s h   y o u r   work   v Form  the  basis  of   your  manuscript   v First   step,   is   to   logically   organize   your  findings   Figure  1   Figure  2   Table  1   Figure  3   Logical   presenta%on   Is  anything   missing?   ?   Addi%onal   analyses?  
  12. 12. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Coverage  and   Staffing  Plan   Manuscript   structure   Where  to  start?   v Your   findings   are   why   you   want   to   p u b l i s h   y o u r   work   v Form  the  basis  of   your  manuscript   v First   step,   is   to   logically   organize   your  findings   Figure  1   Figure  2   Table  1   Figure  3   Figure  4   Logical   presenta%on   New  data   Use your figures to structure your manuscript
  13. 13. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Coverage  and   Staffing  Plan   Manuscript   structure   Prepare an outline Now  that  you  know  what  findings  you  are  going  to   present,  you  know  what  you  need  to  write  about   Introduc%on   Methods   Results   Discussion   What  background  informa%on     you  will  introduce   What  analyses  you  will  describe   What  findings  you  will  present   What  interpreta%ons,  limita%ons,   and  implica%ons  you  will  discuss  
  14. 14. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Coverage  and   Staffing  Plan   Manuscript   structure   Introduction General  introduc%on   Specific  aims  Aims   Current  state  of  the  field   Problem  in  the  field  
  15. 15. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Coverage  and   Staffing  Plan   Manuscript   structure   Iden?fy  an  important  problem   State  aims  that  directly  address  this  problem   Writing the Introduction Problem …liGle   has   been   conducted   to   qualita?vely   assess   whether   self-­‐ efficacy  and  peer  influence  affect  the  likelihood  of  students  engaging   in  academic  dishonesty.   Nora  &  Zhang    Asia  Pacific  Educ  Rev.  2010;  11:  573–584.   Aims The  purpose  of  this  study    is  threefold:  first,  to  determine  the  effect   of   peer   aitudes   and   behaviour   on   the   likelihood   of   chea?ng;   secondly,   to   establish   the   significance   of   self-­‐efficacy   in   promo?ng   academic   integrity;   lastly,   to   ascertain   effec?ve   ways   of   deterring   academic  dishonesty.  
  16. 16. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Coverage  and   Staffing  Plan   Manuscript   structure   Literature review How  did  these  lead  to  more  recent  studies? How  is  your  manuscript  different? What  is  your  hypothesis? What  did  earlier  studies  show? Literature  reviews  help:   Formulate  your  research  ques?on   Establish  the  relevance  of  your  study  by  iden?fying  knowledge  gaps Previous     studies Current   study
  17. 17. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Coverage  and   Staffing  Plan   Manuscript   structure   Methods How  it  was   done   Methodology/analyses   Measures  and  outcomes   Quan%fica%on  methods   Sta%s%cal  tests   Who/what   was  used   Par%cipants   Instruments   Data  collec%on   How  it  was   analyzed   Study  design   Consult  a  sta=s=cian
  18. 18. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Coverage  and   Staffing  Plan   Manuscript   structure   Results 1.  Ini%al  observa%on   2.  Characteriza%on   3.  Applica%on   Logical  presenta%on   Example:     1.  Observe  a  correla%on  between  depression  and   Internet  use   2.  Characterize  the  severity  of  depression,  %me  spent   online,  websites  visited   3.  Demonstrate  decreased  Internet  use  improves   severity  of  depression  
  19. 19. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Coverage  and   Staffing  Plan   Manuscript   structure   Results 1.  Ini%al  observa%on   2.  Characteriza%on   3.  Applica%on   Each  subsec%on   corresponds  to     one  figure   What  you  found,  not   what  it  means   Logical  presenta%on   Subsec%ons   Factual  descrip%on  
  20. 20. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Coverage  and   Staffing  Plan   Manuscript   structure   Discussion Summary  of  findings   Relevance  of   findings   Implica%ons  for     the  field   Similari%es/differences   Unexpected  results   Counter-­‐arguments   Limita%ons
  21. 21. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Coverage  and   Staffing  Plan   Manuscript   structure   Discussion – the end The   Spanish   version   of   AIDA   showed   good   psychometric   proper?es  in  Mexico  and  can  be  used  to  assess  the  construct   “pathology-­‐related   iden?ty   integra?on   vs.   diffusion”   with   reliability,   validity,   and   content   equivalence   in   comparison   with   the   original   AIDA   ques?onnaire.   This   finding   supports   the  cross-­‐cultural  generalizability  of  the  underlying  concept   and   confirms   the   importance   of   culture-­‐specific   test   adap?on   in   addi?on   to   literal   transla?on   of   the   ques?onnaire.   Nevertheless,   some   items   should   be   improved.   Therefore,   the   test   version   of   “AIDA   Spanish   –   Mexico”  should  be  further  adapted  and  should  be  tested  in  a   more  heterogeneous  popula?on.     Conclusion   Implica%ons   Future   direc%ons   Why  your  work  is  important  to  your  readers   Kassin  et  al.  Child  Adolesc  Psychiatry  Ment  Health.  2013;  7:  25.  
  22. 22. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Coverage  and   Staffing  Plan   Manuscript   structure   Linking your ideas General  background   Objec%ves   Methodology   Results  and  figures   Summary  of  findings   Implica%ons  for  the  field   Relevance  of  findings   Problems  in  the  field   Logically  link  your  ideas  throughout  your  manuscript   Current  state  of  the  field   Introduc%on   Methods   Results   Discussion  
  23. 23. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Coverage  and   Staffing  Plan   Manuscript   structure   Linking your ideas …no   research   has   examined   how   interac%ng   with   Facebook  influences  subjec%ve  well-­‐being  over  %me.   We   addressed   this   issue   by…measuring   in-­‐vivo   behavior  and  psychological  experience  over  %me.   These   analyses   indicated   that   Facebook   use   predicts   declines  in…subjec%ve  well-­‐being…   Problem   Objec%ves   Conclusion   Discussion   Introduc=on   Kross  et  al.  PLoS  ONE  2013;  8:  e69841.  
  24. 24. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Titles  and  abstracts   Section 3
  25. 25. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Customer  Service  Titles  and  abstracts   Important  points   ü  Summarize  key  finding   ü  Contains  keywords   ü  Less  than  20  words   Avoid   Effective titles Your  =tle  should  be  a  concise  summary  of     your  most  important  finding   "   Ques%ons   "   Abbrevia%ons   "   “New”  or  “novel”  
  26. 26. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Customer  Service  Titles  and  abstracts   Abstract First  impression   of  your  paper   Importance  of   your  results   Validity  of  your   conclusions   Relevance  of     your  aims   Judge  your   wri%ng  style   Probably  only  part   that  will  be  read  
  27. 27. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Customer  Service  Titles  and  abstracts   Sections of an abstract Aims   Background   Methods   Results   Conclusion   Why  the  study  was  done   Your  hypothesis   Analyses   Most  important  findings   Conclusion/implica%ons   Concise  summary  of  your  research  
  28. 28. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Customer  Service  Titles  and  abstracts   Unstructured abstract Poli?cal  thought  and  behavior  play  an  important  role  in  our  lives,  from  ethnic   tensions   in   Europe,   to   the   war   in   Iraq   and   the   Middle   Eastern   conflict,   to   parliamentary  and  presiden?al  elec?ons.  However,  liGle  is  known  about  how   the  individual's  poli?cal  aitudes  and  decisions  are  shaped  by  subtle  na?onal   cues   that   are   so   prevalent   in   our   environment.   We   report   a   series   of   experiments   that   show   that   subliminal   exposure   to   one's   na?onal   flag   influences   poli?cal   aitudes,   inten?ons,   and   decisions,   both   in   laboratory   seings   and   in   “real-­‐life”   behavior.   Furthermore,   this   manipula?on   consistently   narrowed   the   gap   between   those   who   score   high   vs.   low   on   a   scale   of   iden?fica?on   with   Israeli   na?onalism.   The   first   two   experiments   examined  par?cipants'  stance  toward  the  Israeli–Pales?nian  conflict  and  the   Jewish   seGlers   in   the   West   Bank.   Experiment   3   examined   vo?ng   inten?ons   and  actual  vo?ng  in  Israel's  recently  held  general  elec?ons.  The  results  portray   a   consistent   picture:   subtle   reminders   of   one's   na?onality   significantly   influence  poli?cal  thought  and  overt  poli?cal  behavior.     Hassin  et  al.  PNAS.  2007;  104:  19757‒19761.  
  29. 29. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Customer  Service  Titles  and  abstracts   Unstructured abstract Conclusion   The  results  portray  a  consistent  picture:  subtle  reminders  of  one's  na?onality   significantly  influence  poli?cal  thought  and  overt  poli?cal  behavior.     Results   Furthermore,  this  manipula?on  consistently  narrowed  the  gap  between  those   who  score  high  vs.  low  on  a  scale  of  iden?fica?on  with  Israeli  na?onalism.  The   first   two   experiments   examined   par?cipants'   stance   toward   the   Israeli– Pales?nian  conflict  and  the  Jewish  seGlers  in  the  West  Bank.  Experiment  3   examined  vo?ng  inten?ons  and  actual  vo?ng  in  Israel's  recently  held  general   elec?ons.   Methods   We   report   a   series   of   experiments   that   show   that   subliminal   exposure   to   one's   na?onal   flag   influences   poli?cal   aitudes,   inten?ons,   and   decisions,   both  in  laboratory  seings  and  in  “real-­‐life”  behavior.   Background   Poli?cal  thought  and  behavior  play  an  important  role  in  our  lives,  from  ethnic   tensions   in   Europe,   to   the   war   in   Iraq   and   the   Middle   Eastern   conflict,   to   parliamentary  and  presiden?al  elec?ons.  However,  liGle  is  known  about  how   the  individual's  poli?cal  aitudes  and  decisions  are  shaped  by  subtle  na?onal   cues  that  are  so  prevalent  in  our  environment.   Hassin  et  al.  PNAS.  2007;  104:  19757‒19761.  
  30. 30. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Thank you! Any questions? Follow  us  on  TwiOer   @JournalAdvisor   Like  us  on  Facebook   facebook.com/EdanzEdi%ng   Download  and  further  reading   edanzedi%ng.com/Taiwan_2014   Jeffrey  Robens:  jrobens@edanzgroup.com  
  31. 31. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Journal  selec=on   Section 4
  32. 32. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Journal  selec?on   Factors to consider when choosing a journal Aims  &  scope   Readership   Open  access   Which  factor  is  most  important  to  you?   Indexing  
  33. 33. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Journal  selec?on   Evaluating significance How  new  are  your  findings?  Novelty   How  broadly  relevant  are  your  findings?  Relevance   What  are  the  important  real-­‐world   applica%ons?   Appeal  
  34. 34. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Journal  selec?on   Insert  your  proposed  abstract   Journal Selector – www.edanzediting.com/journal_selector
  35. 35. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Journal  selec?on   Recommended  journals   Filter  by:   Impact  factor   Publishing  frequency   Open  access   Journal Selector – www.edanzediting.com/journal_selector
  36. 36. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Journal  selec?on   Seman%c  matching  terms   Journals  IF,  Aims  &  Scope,     and  Frequency   Similar  published  ar%cles   Have  they  published  similar  ar%cles  recently?   Have  you  cited  some  of  these  ar%cles?   Journal Selector – www.edanzediting.com/journal_selector
  37. 37. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Journal  selec?on   Tips to identify the most suitable journal S   Iden%fy  the   interests  of  the   journal  editor   Iden%fy  the   interests  of  the   readers   •  Editorials   •  Review  ar%cles   •  Special  issues   •  Most  viewed   •  Most  cited  
  38. 38. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Cover  leSers   Section 5
  39. 39. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Coverage  and   Staffing  Plan   Cover  leGers   Abstract:   First  impression  for  readers   Cover  leOers  are  the  first  impression  for   the  journal  editor   Significance   Relevance   Level  of  English   Interes%ng  to   their  readers?   Is  your  work   important?  
  40. 40. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Coverage  and   Staffing  Plan   Cover  leGers   Dear  Dr  Ellenbogen,   Please  find  enclosed  our  manuscript  en?tled  “Presenteeism  among  Japanese  employees:  Personality  and  job  stress”,  which  we   would  like  to  submit  for  publica?on  as  a  Research  Paper  in  Anxiety,  Stress  &  Coping:  An  Interna)onal  Journal.   This  study  examines  presenteeism,  the  situa?on  in  which  workers  are  present  at  work,  but  their  ability  to  do  their  jobs  is   impaired   by   physical   or   mental   symptoms.   This   topic   is   important   to   companies   as   studies   have   found   that   the   costs   of   presenteeism  can  be  higher  than  medical  costs  associated  with  trea?ng  the  underlying  condi?ons.  Currently,  the  rela?onships   between  common  mental  health  symptoms  and  presenteeism,  as  well  as  the  effects  of  job  strain  and  workplace  social  support,   are  unclear.  We  aimed  to  evaluate  these  rela?onships  and  consider  the  effect  of  personality  traits  on  both  presenteeism  and   common  mental  health  symptoms.   We  used  an  online  ques?onnaire  incorpora?ng  several  well-­‐established  and  verified  ques?onnaires  to  assess  presenteeism,   mental  disturbance,  job  strain  and  workplace  support,  and  temperament  and  character.  We  found  that  common  mental  health   symptoms  are  a  good  predictor  of  presenteeism.  Although  workplace  social  support  is  generally  agreed  to  reduce  the  severity   of  common  mental  health  symptoms,  we  found  no  direct  effect  on  presenteeism.       Our  results  clearly  link  presenteeism  to  common  mental  health  symptoms,  and  also  show  the  nega?ve  effects  of  strain  and   poor  workplace  support.  This  study  is  of  interest  to  researchers,  managers,  mental  health  clinicians  and  occupa?onal  health   specialists  interested  in  the  issue  of  workplace  stress  and  its  management.  This  study  is  likely  to  lead  to  an  improved  approach   to   preven?ng   and   managing   both   presenteeism   and   common   mental   health   symptoms,   and   is   applicable   worldwide.   Therefore,  we  feel  this  manuscript  is  par?cularly  suitable  for  Anxiety,  Stress  &  Coping:  An  Interna)onal  Journal  and  of  great   interest  to  its  readers.     Give  the   background  to   the  research   What  was   done  and  what   was    found   Interest  to   journal’s  readers   A good cover letter We  would  also  like  to  suggest  the  following  reviewers  for  our  manuscript… Editor’s  name Manuscript  %tle Publica%on  type Recommend  reviewers “Must-­‐have”  statements  
  41. 41. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Coverage  and   Staffing  Plan   Cover  leGers   “Must-­‐have”   statements   Not  submiOed  to   other  journals   Source  of   funding   Authors  agree  on   paper/journal   Original  and   unpublished   No  conflicts  of   interest    Authorship   contribu%ons   Disclaimers about publication ethics
  42. 42. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Coverage  and   Staffing  Plan   Cover  leGers   Recommending reviewers Where  to  find   them?   From  your  reading/references,   networking  at  conferences   How  senior?   Aim  for  mid-­‐level  researchers   Who  to  avoid?   Collaborators  (past  5  years),   researchers  from  same  ins%tu%on  
  43. 43. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Coverage  and   Staffing  Plan   Cover  leGers   Choose internationally •  1  or  2  reviewers  from  Asia   •  1  or  2  reviewers  from  Europe   •  1  or  2  reviewers  from  North  America Journal  Editors  want  to  see  an  interna%onal  list  for  2  reasons:     1.  Shows  that  you  are  familiar  with  your  field  worldwide   2.  Shows  that  your  research  is  relevant  worldwide   •  Increased  readership  → increased  cita%ons  → increased  impact  factor
  44. 44. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Peer  Review   Section 6
  45. 45. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Peer  review   What reviewers are looking for The  science   The  manuscript   ü  Relevant  hypothesis   ü  Good  experimental  design   ü  Appropriate  methodology   ü  Good  data  analysis   ü  Valid  conclusions   ü  Logical  flow  of  informa%on   ü  Manuscript  structure  and  formaqng   ü  Appropriate  references   ü  High  readability  
  46. 46. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Peer  review   25  March  2014     Dear  Dr.  Robens,     Manuscript  ID  NRL-­‐11-­‐7839:  “Presenteeism  among  Japanese  employees:  Personality  and   job  stress”     Your   manuscript   has   been   reviewed,   and   we   regret   to   inform   you   that   based   on   our   Expert  reviewers’  comments,  it  is  not  possible  to  further  consider  your  manuscript  in  its   current  form  for  publica%on  in  Anxiety,  Stress  &  Coping:  An  Interna=onal  Journal.           Although   the   reviews   are   not   en%rely   nega%ve,   it   is   evident   from   the   extensive   comments   and   concerns   that   the   manuscript,   in   its   current   form,   does   not   meet   the   criteria   expected   of   papers   in   Anxiety,   Stress   &   Coping:   An   Interna=onal   Journal.   The   results  appear  to  be  too  preliminary  and  incomplete  for  publica%on  at  the  present  %me.       The  reviewer  comments  are  included  at  the  boOom  of  this  leOer.    I  hope  the  informa%on   provided  by  the  reviewers  will  be  helpful  in  future.  Thank  you  for  your  interest  in  the   journal  and  I  regret  that  the  outcome  has  not  been  favorable  at  this  %me.   Decision letter Decision   Reason   Comments  
  47. 47. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Peer  review   Editor is interested in your work ü  The  Reviewer  comments  are  not  en%rely  nega%ve.   ü  It  is  not  possible  to  consider  your  manuscript  in  its   current  form.   ü  I  hope  the  informa%on  provided  will  be  helpful   when  you  revise  your  manuscript.   ü  I  regret  that  the  outcome  has  not  been  favorable  at   this  %me.  
  48. 48. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Peer  review   Editor is not interested in your work "   We  cannot  publish  your  manuscript     "   Your  study  does  not  contain  novel  results  that  merit   publica%on  in  our  journal.     "   We  appreciate  your  interest  in  our  journal.  However,   we  will  not  further  consider  your  manuscript  for   publica%on.       "   We  wish  you  luck  in  publishing  your  results   elsewhere.  
  49. 49. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Peer  review   Dr  Mark  Ellenbogen   Editor-­‐in-­‐Chief   Anxiety,  Stress  &  Coping:  An  Interna)onal  Journal     3  September  2013     Dear  Dr  Ellenbogen,     Re:  Resubmission  of  manuscript  reference  No.  WJS-­‐07-­‐5739     Please   find   aGached   a   revised   version   of   our   manuscript   originally   en?tled   “Presenteeism   among   Japanese   employees:  Personality  and  job  stress,”  which  we  would  like  to  resubmit  for  considera?on  for  publica?on  in  the   Anxiety,  Stress  &  Coping:  An  Interna)onal  Journal.     The  reviewer’s  comments  were  highly  insighuul  and  enabled  us  to  greatly  improve  the  quality  of  our  manuscript.  In   the  following  pages  are  our  point-­‐by-­‐point  responses  to  each  of  the  comments.     Revisions  in  the  manuscript  are  shown  as  underlined  text.  In  accordance  with  the  first  comment,  the  ?tle  has  been   revised  and  the  en?re  manuscript  has  undergone  substan?al  English  edi?ng.     We   hope   that   the   revisions   in   the   manuscript   and   our   accompanying   responses   will   be   sufficient   to   make   our   manuscript  suitable  for  publica?on  in  the  Anxiety,  Stress  &  Coping:  An  Interna)onal  Journal.   Address  editor  personally   Manuscript  ID  number   Thank  reviewers   Highlight  major  changes   Writing response letters
  50. 50. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Peer  review   Agreeing with reviewers Reviewer  Comment:  In  your  analysis  of  the  data  you  have  chosen   to   use   a   somewhat   obscure   fiEng   func)on   (regression).     In   my   opinion,  a  simple  Gaussian  func)on  would  have  sufficed.  Moreover,   the   results   would   be   more   instruc)ve   and   easier   to   compare   to   previous  results.   Response:   We   agree   with   the   reviewer’s   assessment   of   the   analysis.  Our  tailored  func?on,  in  its  current  form,  makes  it  difficult   to   tell   that   this   measurement   cons?tutes   a   significant   improvement   over   previously   reported   values.   We   describe   our   new  analysis  using  a  Gaussian  fiing  func?on  in  our  revised  Results   sec?on  (Page  6,  Lines  12–18).   Agreement   Revisions   Loca%on  
  51. 51. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Peer  review   Disagreeing with reviewers Reviewer  Comment:  In  your  analysis  of  the  data  you  have  chosen   to   use   a   somewhat   obscure   fiEng   func)on   (regression).     In   my   opinion,   a   simple   Gaussian   func)on   would   have   sufficed.   Moreover,   the   results   would   be   more   instruc)ve   and   easier   to   compare  to  previous  results.   Response:   Although   a   simple   Gaussian   fit   would   facilitate   comparison  with  the  results  of  other  studies,  our  tailored  func?on   allows   for   the   analysis   of   the   data   in   terms   of   the   Smith   model   [Smith   et   al.,   1998].   We   have   now   explained   the   use   of   this   func?on   and   the   Smith   model   in   our   revised   Discussion   sec?on   (Page  12,  Lines  2–6).  
  52. 52. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Peer  review   Reviewer  Comment:  In  your  analysis  of  the  data  you  have  chosen   to   use   a   somewhat   obscure   fiEng   func)on   (regression).     In   my   opinion,   a   simple   Gaussian   func)on   would   have   sufficed.   Moreover,   the   results   would   be   more   instruc)ve   and   easier   to   compare  to  previous  results.   Response:   Although   a   simple   Gaussian   fit   would   facilitate   comparison  with  the  results  of  other  studies,  our  tailored  func?on   allows   for   the   analysis   of   the   data   in   terms   of   the   Smith   model   [Smith   et   al.,   1998].   We   have   now   explained   the   use   of   this   func?on   and   the   Smith   model   in   our   revised   Discussion   sec?on   (Page  12,  Lines  2–6).   Evidence   Revisions   Loca%on   Disagreeing with reviewers
  53. 53. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Peer  review   Reviewer  comment:  Currently,  the  authors’  conclusion  that  this   ques)onnaire   is   appropriate   for   cross-­‐cultural   analyses   is   not   completely  valid  because  their  par)cipants  all  resided  in  Taiwan.   They  should  also  show  the  ques)onnaire’s  validity  in  par)cipants   living  in  other  countries.   “Unfair” reviewer comments Reasons  why  reviewers  might  make  these  comments     v Current  results  are  not  appropriate  for  the  impact  factor  of   the  journal   v Reviewer  is  being  “unfair”  
  54. 54. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Peer  review   “Unfair” reviewer comments What  you  should  do   v Do  the  experiments,  revise,  and  resubmit  to  the  same   journal   v Withdraw  submission  and  resubmit  current   manuscript  to  a  lower  impact  factor  journal   v Contact  the  journal  editor  if  you  feel  reviewer  is  being   unfair  
  55. 55. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then If rejected, what should you do? Op%on  1:  New  submission  to  the  same  journal     v Fully  revise  manuscript   v Prepare  point-­‐by-­‐point  responses   v Include  the  original  manuscript  ID  number   Op%on  2:  New  submission  to  a  different  journal     v Revise  manuscript   v Reformat  according  to  the  author  guidelines  
  56. 56. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then If accepted, what’s next? v   Promote  your  work  on  social  networks     •   TwiGer,  LinkedIn   v   Respond  to  post-­‐publica%on  comments   v   Present  your  work  at  conferences   •  Allows  you  to  discuss  your  work  personally  with  your  peers   •  Get  feedback  about  your  work  and  future  direc?ons   •  Networking  and  collabora?ons  
  57. 57. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Be an effective communicator S   ü Write  effec%vely   ü Logically  present  your  research  in  your  manuscript   ü Choose  the  best  journal  to  reach  your  target  audience   ü Convey  the  significance  of  your  work  to  journal  editors   ü Properly  revise  your  manuscript  aCer  peer  review   ü Promote  your  research  aCer  publica%on Your  goal  is  not  only  to  be  published,     but  also  to  be  widely  read/cited  
  58. 58. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then Thank you! Any questions? Follow  us  on  TwiOer   @JournalAdvisor   Like  us  on  Facebook   facebook.com/EdanzEdi%ng   Download  and  further  reading   edanzedi%ng.com   Jeffrey  Robens:  jrobens@edanzgroup.com  

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