Scientific Publishing in South America Chances and Opportunities for Researchers in Brazil


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Scientific Publishing in South America Chances and Opportunities for Researchers in Brazil
Harry Blom, Springer

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Scientific Publishing in South America Chances and Opportunities for Researchers in Brazil

  1. 1. Scien&fic  Publishing  in  South  America     Chances  and  Opportuni&es     for  Researchers  in  Brazil Harry  Blom  
  2. 2. Dr.  Harry  Blom  –  Vice  President  Publishing  Development  –  Springer,  New  York   10:00  –  10:40     Dr.  Daniel  McGowan  –  Science  Director  –  Edanz  Group,  New  Zealand     10:40  –  11:00  Insights  into  PublicaGon  Success  –  Part  1   11:00  –  11:30  Coffee  break   11:30  –  12:30  Insights  into  PublicaGon  Success  –  Part  2     Mariana  Biojone  –  Managing  Director  –  Springer,  São  Paulo     12:30  –  13:00   Author  services  and  tools  (in  Portuguese)       Agenda  Today  
  3. 3. •  Introducing  Springer     •  Electronic  publishing  and  new  publicaGon  types   •  Open  Access   •  Science  in  Brazil   •  What  Springer  offers  to  Brazil   – PresentaGon  will  be  made  available   – QuesGons  may  be  asked  in  Portuguese   Outline  of  the  Presenta&on  
  4. 4. Brief  personal  Introduc&on   •  PhD  gamma-­‐ray  astronomy,  Leiden,  The  Netherlands  in  1997    Post-­‐doc  research  at  INAOE,  Puebla,  Mexico  in  1998     •  Fi^een  years  in  publishing     – Kluwer  in  The  Netherlands     – Springer  in  the  USA   •  Currently,  head  of  astronomy  editorial  at  Springer  New  York  and      Vice  President  Publishing  Development   experience  working  in  science  and  in  publishing  in  an  interna&onal  arena      
  5. 5. Introducing  Springer   •  Experience  in  academic  publishing  since  1842   •  More  than  8  400  new  books  published  per  year   •  Leading  journals  Publisher:  ~2300  journals     Ø 1/3  in  cooperaGon  with  socieGes  and  other  organizaGons   Ø 420  Open  Access  journals   •  Global  powerful  publisher  with  local  personal  contacts   •  Leading  in  China  and  Russia     •  InnovaGve  product  development:     –  SpringerLink:  600  consorGa  customers  and  35,000+  insGtuGons  worldwide     –  Springer  Open  Choice,  BioMed  Central,  Briefs,  Theses,  Images   –  170  000+  eBooks   –  400  eReference  Works   •  Over  1/5th  of  Nobel  prize  winners  are  Springer  authors,  includes  almost  all  of  the  recent  winners   working  in  science.  
  6. 6. Leading Publishers: Number of Journals Titles OUP WK Health CUP Sage Wiley-Blackwell Informa Elsevier Springer Medicine Science & Technology Social Sciences & Humanities Number of English-Language Journals Published in 2013 Source: Publisher journal price lists; English-language academic/scholarly journals only 2,305 2,174 1,831 1,566 675 322 276 268
  7. 7. Leading Publishers: Number of Books Published WK Health Sage Elsevier CUP Palgrave Macmillan Wiley-Blackwell OUP Informa Springer Medicine Science & Technology Social Sciences & Humanities (Data from; if a book is published simultaneously in hard- and paperback editions, only the hardback edition was included) 5,718 4,185 2,486 1,512 1,640 975 1,678 722 241 Number of English-Language Titles Published in 2012
  8. 8. •  Develop  a  representaGve  program  of  the  very  best   journals  from  the  region   •  Lay  the  foundaGons  for  a  growing  book  and  reference   program  based  on  the  work  of  the  region‘s  leading   scienGsts   – Cooperate  with  leading  insGtuGons     – Co-­‐publish  and  develop  Journals   – Co-­‐publish  Book  Series   – Provide  editorial  support   •  Author  Workshops  and  Guidance  (e.g.  Edanz)   •  Publishing  infrastructure   •  Professional  publishing  experience   Our  ambiGon  for  Brazil
  9. 9. Electronic  Publishing  with  Springer    
  10. 10.  =  content  database      
  11. 11.  =  catalog          
  12. 12. eFirst  –  rapid  online  publica&on   •  Springerlink  content  database  is  the  central  access  point  for  researchers  in  Science,  Technology   and  Medicine,  containing  8+  million  journal  arGcles,  book  chapters  and  reference  work  entries   •  All  new  Springer  books  are  first  published  as  eBooks  and  then  we  offer  various  print  opGons   – eBooks  are  compaGble  with  the  well-­‐known  eReaders,  iPad,  Kindle  and  Nook.   •  Springer  Book  Archive  project   •  More  than  100  000  Gtles  available  from  back  digiGsaGon  efforts     SpringerLink  serves    600  consor&a  and  more  than  35,000  ins&tu&ons  worldwide    
  13. 13. eBook  main  features                   – Digital  prinGng  allows  shorter  shipping  Gmes  and  faster  updates   – Ready  for  next  generaGon  integraGon  in  content  databases  with  linking   – Now  moving  into  Open  Access  as  well   Quality:  internal  and  external  book  review   Speed:  plamorm  architecture  allows  very  fast   downloads     Findability:  we  apply  search  engine   opGmizaGon  features     Ideal  in  geographically-­‐challenged  locaGons   (the  Amazon!)  
  14. 14. IntroducGon  of  New  Product  Types:  SpringerBriefs               •  Providing  a  format  for  publishing  ideas  somewhere  between  a  research   arGcle  and  a  book   •  Hot  topics  and  comprehensive  tutorials     •  Typically  100  pages   •  Easy  2  pages  contract  and  rapid  publicaGon   •  Organized  in  focused  series     SpringerBriefs  
  15. 15. Project  Concept  „Best  of  the  Best“   •  Top-­‐ranked  insGtutes  from  around  the  world  invited  to  nominate  their  best  Ph.D.   theses  for  a  Springer  Thesis  Prize*   *  1000  BRL  award  plus  publica*on  of  the  en*re  thesis  in  the  series   Series  in  Chemistry  and  Physics  and  related   fields  such  as  Astrophysics,  Materials,   Nanoscience,  Chemical  Engineering,  Complex   Systems,  Biotechnology  and  Biophysics   SpringerTheses  
  16. 16. Criteria  for  Nomina&on   •  The  work  reported  in  the  thesis  must  represent  a  significant  scienGfic   advance.     •  It  must  be  wriren  in  good  English.   •  Each  thesis  should  include  a  foreword  by  the  supervisor  outlining  the   significance  of  its  content.   •  The  thesis  should  have  a  clearly  defined  structure  with  an   introducGon  accessible  to  scienGsts  not  expert  in  the  field.   •  If  the  thesis  includes  previously  published  material,  permission  to   reproduce  this  must  be  gained  from  the  respecGve  copyright  holder.   •  The  thesis  must  have  been  examined  and  passed  during  the  12   months  prior  to  nominaGon.   To  qualify  for  nominaGon  the  thesis  must  fulfill  all  of  the  following  criteria:    
  17. 17. First Reactions         “I am a strong supporter of the idea” “I am very glad that quality is at the heart of your programme” “I very much welcome this initiative”
  18. 18. Springer  Protocols   The  largest  database  of  protocols   for  biomedicine  and  life  sciences   Currently  31  000!     OpGmized  for  mobile  access.   A  protocol  is  a  set  of   instrucGons  or  medical   guideline.     The  aim  is  to  guide  decisions   and  criteria  regarding   diagnosis,  management,  and   treatment  in  specific  areas  of   healthcare.  
  19. 19. Written by world-renowned scientists from across the globe eBook • eReader • Traditional Print • MyCopy Textbooks Atlases Encyclopedias Handbooks Monographs Protocols Conference Proceedings SpringerBriefs SpringerTheses SpringerProtocols SpringerReferences Society Books Series Society Journals There’s  something  for  everyone  
  20. 20. Open  access  
  21. 21. What is Open Access? Access  +  Reuse  =  Open     Maximum  Access  –  free  for  everyone  to  read  (CC  =  CreaGve  Commons  license)   Maximum  Reuse  –  free  to  copy,  distribute,  display  =  BY  arribuGon     CC-­‐BY  license:  copyright  belongs  to  the  Author  and  allows  any  reuse  of  the   content  as  long  as  it  is  referenced     Open  Access  publishing  is  digital,  online,  free  of  charge  and  free  of  most  copyright   and  licensing  restricGons*   *Peter  Suber  hrp:// ~peters/fos/overview.htm  
  22. 22. The  many  facets  of  Open  Access  Publishing   ‘Full’ Open Access • Whole journal is published Open Access ‘Green’ Open Access • Self-archiving of author manuscript on author website, institutional or subject-based repositories ‘Gold’ Open Access • Article freely available from publisher website ‘Hybrid’ Open Access • Article level Open Access option in subscription journals ‘Delayed’ Open Access • Articles made freely available to non- subscribers after a certain period, usually 12 or 24 months Author Payment • Author/funder/institution pays for publishing Sponsored • Journal sponsored by a non-profit institution or organization
  23. 23. 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Number  of  Open  Access  Journals  Increasing  
  24. 24. 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 Source: Uptake  over  different  fields  
  25. 25. Open  Access  to  science  results  is  becoming     mandatory   Open  access  mandates:  funding  agencies  and  insGtuGons  require  Open  Access   Source:
  26. 26. •  Defini&ons   – Free  Access:  authors,  universiGes,  socieGes  are  not  paying  for  public  access  (SciELO).   •  Includes  temporary  public  access  of  subscripGon  materials  for  promoGon  reasons   – Open  Access:  authors,  universiGes,  socieGes  pay  for  public  access.   •  Green  Open  Access:  author  versions  in  public  repositories  (for  example  arXiv).   •  Gold  Open  Access:  final  versions  are  publicly  accessible  on  publishers  Web  site.   •  Springer  (allow  Green  a_er  12  months)   – ArGcles  in  subscripGon  journals  =  Open  Choice  (Gold)   •  When  arGcle  is  accepted,  the  author  can  decide  to  pay  an  APC  or  not.   – ArGcles  in  fully  open  access  journals  =  SpringerOpen  or  BioMed  Central  (Life  Sciences)   •  All  arGcles  paid  with  APC   Open  Access  opGons  with  Springer  
  27. 27. •  Peer-­‐reviewed  journal,  Open  Access,  Online  Only   •  InternaGonal  editorial  board   •  High  quality:  acceptance  rate  60%   •  For  all  Disciplines  in  STEM  and  HSS    Never  out  of  scope!     •  No  focus  on  impact  factor    Accepts  low-­‐cited  work    Publish  regional  studies  internaGonally    Share  all  your  data  and  findings!       •  Flexible,  efficient  and  predictable   •  APC  discounts  and  waivers  available:   hbp://   hbp://   SpringerPlus  (  
  28. 28. Science  in  Brazil  
  29. 29. In  Brazil,  the  numbers  go  up  fast   •  Fast growing scientific production (graphs on next slide) •  Close to 200 universities •  # of students > Germany & UK combined (about 4 million) •  Strong government policy and investments to grow the country’s scientific impact •  55% of the research output of Latin-America comes from Brazil •  The 6th economy in the world with: GDP in 2013 = 2.5 trillion USD ~1.3 % of this is spent on Science & Technology (= ~31 billion USD). – R&D spending budget grows with 1.5 billion USD per year
  30. 30. Increase  in  R&D  expenditures  leads  to  more     researchers  and  ar&cles   R&D Expenditures Number of Researchers Article Output 1995 2003 2011 Higher education expenditure on Research & Development 1995 2003 2011 Total researchers in full-time equivalent 1995 2003 2011 Journal Article Output Source: OECD Main Science and Technology Indicators; Thomson Reuters Journal Citations Reports Science Edition CAGR: 5.0% CAGR: 2.8% CAGR: 4.0%
  31. 31. Comparing Brazil with countries in Central and South America Number of citable documents published per country 1996 - 2012
  32. 32. Comparing Brazil with the top 3 science producing countries
  33. 33. Comparing Brazil with “same size” science producing countries (citable documents)
  34. 34. Size of the output and Focus Fields •  Brazil top 5 fields of the 53 000 citable articles published in 2012 – 25% = Medicine, Tropical Medicine, & Public Health – 20% = Agricultural & Biological Sciences – 10% = Biochemistry, Genetics, and Molecular Biology –  6% = Physics and Astronomy –  6% = Chemistry
  35. 35. SciELO •  ScienGfic  Electronic  Library  Online,  has  more  than  850  free  access  journals  from  all  of  LaGn  America,   Spain,  Portugal  and  South  Africa  (233  from  Brazil)   •  About  50  journals  in  English  language,  most  others  are  hybrid  (PT,  ES,  EN)  and  gradually  switching  to   English  only.   •  With  Open  Access  we  can  have  arGcles  on  SpringerLink  and  SciELO,     – Means  more  internaGonal  visibility   •  Journals  published  by  Springer  receive  extra  journal  development   – Springer  editors  prepare  improvement  plans  with  the  goal  the  get  or  increase  an  Impact  Factor   – Journal  owners  (e.g.  SocieGes)  receive  an  annual  journal  report  showing  the  status   – Journals  are  globally  marketed,  e.g.  at  conferences  and  with  email  campaigns  
  36. 36. Springer  and  Brazil  
  37. 37. Springer office in São Paulo
  38. 38. Mariana  R.  Biojone   Managing  Director   Luis  Fernando  Furtado   Editor,  Applied  Sciences   Luciana  Christante  de  Mello   Acquisitions  Editor,  BMC   Jorge  Nakahara   Editor,  Computer  Science   Gabriel  Natan  Pires   Associate  Editor,  Clinical  Medicine   Roberta  Gazzarolle   Associate  Editor,  Life  Sciences   Victoria  Pellegrini  Thobias   Editorial  Assistant   The Editorial Team in São Paulo Robinson  dos  Santos   Associate  Editor,  Mathematics  
  39. 39. Factors  for  Success   – InternaGonal  Diversity:  authors,  editors,  editorial  advisory  board  members.   – PosiGoning:  does  the  journal  offer  a  unique  perspecGve  or  focus.   – Local  strengths:  which  experGse  is  local,  but  triggers  a  global  interest?   – If  a  regional  journal,  how  does  it  compare  with  other  journals  from  the  same  area?     Will  it  enrich  coverage  in  a  subject  or  provide  a  regional  perspecGve?   – Peer  review  system  and  internaGonal  editorial  convenGons   – Proper  English  language,  suggesGng  services  such  as  Edanz  is  providing   – CitaGon  Data  Analysis   – Timeliness  of  publicaGon   – Market  Share  and  Growth   – Financial  sustainability   Focus  areas  to  develop  journals  
  40. 40. Library  Advisory  Board  Ac&vi&es  in  Brazil   Discuss  and  share  our  strategies  and  future  acGviGes  with  the  directors  of  main  Brazilian   university,  academic,  and  scienGfic  insGtuGonal  libraries  by  increasing  the  dialog  among  our   insGtuGons  to  become,  more  and  more,  partners.     • vision  of  editorial  acGviGes  in  Brazil      with  the  new  office   •   increase  the  knowledge  of  the        existence  (and  possible      partnerships)  of  scienGfic  journals        owned  by  universiGes   •   support  the  university  efforts  on        training  authors  on  how  to  write        scienGfic  arGcles  and  manuscripts  
  41. 41. •  1) Author fills out book proposal form – Topic and Title – Level: research, graduate or undergraduate – Uniqueness: new results, better explanation, competing books outdated •  2) Springer subject expert evaluates proposal, may ask changes •  3) Review by fellow scientists •  4) Discussing publishing agreement: date of delivery, financial rewards •  5) Manuscript delivery •  6) Book production •  7) Announced to the market, promotion •  8) Publication •  9) Distribution and Sales •  10) New edition Get  in  touch  with  us!   How  to  Publish  a  Book  with  Springer?  
  42. 42.     Thank  you   Obrigado