201310 springer colombia valle

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201310 springer colombia valle

  1. 1. !"#$%&'"()*$+,-$ !"#$%&'()$*%&' ./0,&1$.234"567$$ 80"9)$0&$+/':;23<&($8/22"))$=! +#$,"&-$).)')"/'0.//"' 1'23*%4"&'1567' ").#8")$9#:;3%<=>#$,.//"'
  2. 2. About Jeff… ?>*@%&' !"#$%&'()$*%&' A""&'&",$"B"&' "#$$!%&'$'()! *&++,#!#-(&-##.&-(! /#,.'+0&#-0#!
  3. 3. Why publish in English? !  =(0"1(3<&(3:$:3(>/3>"$&?$3234"5;2)$ !  @/;:4$3($;(0"1(3<&(3:$1"9/03<&($ !  -"A":&9$;(0"1(3<&(3:$2&::3'&13<&()$ !  BA"1)"3)$1")"312,$&99&10/(;<")$
  4. 4. CD  E3(/)21;90$)01/20/1"$ FD  .')01320)$3(4$<0:")$ GD  H31>"<(>$0,"$I&/1(3:$ JD  K#"2<A"$L1;<(>' Today’s Presentation CD  !&/1(3:$)":"2<&($ FD  M&A"1$:"N"1)$ GD  +""1$1"A;"L$ 1#++&'-!2! 1#++&'-!3!
  5. 5. 45-,+0.&67!+7.,07,.#! Section 1
  6. 6. C%,"&.:"'.#)' !*.D#:'A/.#' E.#>-3&$F*' -*&>3*>&"' IMRaD "  ?4-*&.3*' "  =#*&%)>39%#' "  E"*@%)-$$ "  %"->/*-' "  3#)' "  -$-3>--$%#' G@"'4":$##$#: G@"'"#) G@"'<$))/"
  7. 7. C%,"&.:"'.#)' !*.D#:'A/.#' E.#>-3&$F*' -*&>3*>&"' Introduction O"("13:$;(01&4/2<&($ 89"2;P2$3;5)$?$<-' M/11"(0$)030"$&?$0,"$P":4$ +1&':"5$;($0,"$P":4$ 8"2&(4316$;(01&4/2<&($ M/11"(0$)030"$&?$0,"$P":4$ +1&':"5$;($0,"$P":4$
  8. 8. C%,"&.:"'.#)' !*.D#:'A/.#' E.#>-3&$F*' -*&>3*>&"' Introduction – flow of information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`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a%B","&M' #%#O-<.//'3"//'/>#:'3.#3"&-'XS!CHCYM'*@"'<%-*'3%<<%#'*JF"'%I'/>#:'3.#3"&M'&.&"/J'@.&4%&'/01'%&'*+#,-.&%&'<>*.9%#-;'b.*@"&M'.4"&&.#*'T#*'.39,$*J'$#'/>#:' 3.#3"&'$-'/$#L")'*%'$#3&".-")'"]F&"--$%#'%I'>F-*&".<'T#*'-$:#./$#:'"_"3*%&-'->3@'.-'K,/'%&')"3&".-")'"]F&"--$%#'%I'T#*'.#*.:%#$-*-'->3@'.-'T#*O$#@$4$*%&J' I.3*%&'6'XT$IO6Y;'' (_"39,"'F@.&<.3%/%:$3./'$#@$4$*%&-'%I'*@"'T#*'F.*@B.J'@.,"'%#/J'&"3"#*/J'4"3%<"'.,.$/.4/";'!3&""#-'I%&'-<.//O<%/"3>/"'.#*.:%#$-*-'%I'*@"'T#*'F.*@B.J' I%>#)'*B%'"#8J<"-'*%'4"'L"J'<")$.*%&-'%I'T#*'-$:#./$#:;'G@"-"'.&"'F%/JO?KAO&$4%-"'F%/J<"&.-"'XA?bAY'"#8J<"-M'*.#LJ&.-"'XGS!Y'6'.#)'GS!1M'B@$3@' .c.3@'F%/JO?KAO&$4%-"'XA?bY'%#*%'->4-*&.*"'F&%*"$#-;'G@"$&'&%/"-'$#'&":>/.9#:'*"/%<"&.-"'I>#39%#'.#)'<$*%93'-F$#)/"'I%&<.9%#'.&"'L#%B#M'4>*'*@"$&'&%/"'$#' A?b-J/.9#:'.]$#'-%'.-'*%'<.$#*.$#'*@"'%F9<./'/","/'I%&'3.#%#$3./'T#*'-$:#./$#:'@.-'%#/J'&"3"#*/J'4""#'&"3%:#$8");'G@"'3%<F%>#)-'$)"#9U")'$#'*@"-"' -3&""#-M'd?0e7eM'ZTbO6'"]%M'.#)'ZTbO6'"#)%M'.3*'4J'-F"3$U3.//J'$#@$4$9#:'*@"'A?bA'.39,$*J'%I'GS!6'.#)'GS!1;'ZTbO"]%'$-'.'-*"&"%$-%<"&'%I'ZTbO6'"#)%' B$*@'f6gOI%/)'/%B"&'(CN5;'A?bA'$#@$4$9%#'$-'.'*&.3*.4/"'F@.&<.3%/%:$3./'*.&:"*'%&'2%23M'.-'.#*.:%#$-*-'%I'%*@"&'A?bA'@%<%/%:-'"]"&*'.#9#"%F/.-93'&"-F%#-"-' $#'4&".-*'.#)'%,.&$.#'3.#3"&M'.-'&",$"B");'' G@$-'-*>)J'"]F/%&")'*@"'@JF%*@"-$-'*@.*'$#@$4$9%#'%I'GS!'4J'F@.&<.3%/%:$3./'%&':"#"93'<".#-'B%>/)'$#@$4$*'/>#:'3.#3"&':&%B*@$%&'2%-43'.#)'%&'2%23'$#' 3/$#$3.//JO&"/",.#*'*&.#-:"#$3'<%>-"'<%)"/-'%I'/>#:'3.#3"&'*@.*'B"&"'F&",$%>-/J')","/%F")M'.-'&",$"B");' O"("13:$;(01&4/2<&($ 8"2&(4316$;(01&4/2<&($ B'I"2<A")$ h>-3@'"*'./;'hEC'C.#3"&;'1561i'67j'166;'
  9. 9. C%,"&.:"'.#)' !*.D#:'A/.#' E.#>-3&$F*' -*&>3*>&"' Methods Q&L$;0$L3)$ 4&("$ O"("13:$5"0,&4)$ 89"2;P2$0"2,(;R/")$ S4;)2/))$2&(01&:)T$ -303$3(3:6);)$ U/3(<P23<&($5"0,&4)$ 803<)<23:$0")0)$ V,30$L3)$ /)"4$ 8359:")$&1$931<2;93(0)$ E30"1;3:)$ Q&L$;0$L3)$ 3(3:6W"4$ 1,+!897':'+!.#;#<5-!+,!:&+#='!#>6#.&8#-75$!
  10. 10. C%,"&.:"'.#)' !*.D#:'A/.#' E.#>-3&$F*' -*&>3*>&"' Results CD  =(;<3:$&')"1A3<&($ FD  M,31320"1;W3<&($ GD  .99:;23<&($ K32,$)/')"2<&($ 2&11")9&(4)$0&$$ '-#!P>/1"$ V,30$6&/$?&/(4*$-'7$ L,30$;0$5"3()! X&>;23:$91")"(03<&($ 8/')"2<&()$ Y320/3:$4")21;9<&($ ?.#+#-7#!+,+!.#+,$75:'+!#-!,-!'.:#-!$@(&0'!
  11. 11. C%,"&.:"'.#)' !*.D#:'A/.#' E.#>-3&$F*' -*&>3*>&"' Discussion 8/55316$&?$P(4;(>)$ %":"A3(2"$&?$ P(4;(>)$ =59:;23<&()$?&1$$ 0,"$P":4$
  12. 12. C%,"&.:"'.#)' !*.D#:'A/.#' E.#>-3&$F*' -*&>3*>&"' ' ' ' '?--"--<"#*'%I'$)"#9*J')","/%F<"#*'./&".)J'$#'.)%/"-3"#3"'$-'$<F%&*.#*'*%'-*>)J')","/%F<"#*./'F.*@-'$#':"#"&./'.#)'*%'"#.4/"',./$)'3%#3/>-$%#-' .4%>*'-F"3$U3'F.*@%/%:$3./'&$-L-k'G@"'!B$--O["&<.#O?<"&$3.#'`>"-9%##.$&"'/5(/'F&%,$)"-'.'&"/$.4/"'.#)',./$)'.--"--<"#*'%I'*@"'3%<F/"]'3%#-*&>3*' lF.*@%/%:JO&"/.*")'$)"#9*J'$#*":&.9%#',-;'$)"#9*J')$_>-$%#m'$#'.)%/"-3"#*-'4J'$#*":&.9#:')$_"&"#*'*@"%&"93./'.FF&%.3@"-'.#)'.'&".-%#.4/"'-*&>3*>&"' %I'L#%B#'->43%#-*&>3*-;'0./$)'.--"--<"#*'*%%/-'<>-*'./-%'<""*'*@"'&"`>$&"<"#*-'%I'$#*"&#.9%#./'>-.4$/$*J'$#'3&%--O3>/*>&./'-*>)$"-'X";:;'.-')"-3&$4")'4J' *@"'Z#*"&#.9%#./'G"-*'C%<<$--$%#YM'*%'<%)"/')$_"&"#*'F@"#%*JF"-'$#')$_"&"#*'3>/*>&"-'.#)'*%'"#.4/"',./$)'3%<F.&$-%#-'%I'$)"#9*J')","/%F<"#*'$#' )$_"&"#*'-%3$"9"-'4J'F&%,$)$#:'*&>"'"`>$,./"#3"'$#'3%#*"#*'%I'*@"'.--"--<"#*'*%%/;' ' ' ' ' 'G@"'!F.#$-@'3>/*>&"O.).F*")'*&.#-/.9%#'%I'/5(/'-@%B")':%%)'F-J3@%<"*&$3'F&%F"&9"-'$#'*@"'E"]$3.#'-.<F/"M'B$*@'-$<$/.&'F.c"&#-'$#'&"->/*-' 3%<F.&")'*%'*@"'%&$:$#./',"&-$%#;'T"'3%#3/>)"'*@.*'.//'3%#-*&>3*-'.#)'->43%#-*&>3*-'3%#*.$#")'$#'*@"'?ZK?'<%)"/'*%'3%#-9*>*"'l$)"#9*J')","/%F<"#*m' @.)'4""#'->33"--I>//J'*&.#-F%-")'$#*%'*@"'l!F.#$-@O-F".L$#:'3>/*>&"m'B$*@':%%)'3%#*"#*'"`>$,./"#3";'' '''''C%<F.&")'*%'*@"'["&<.#'$*"<-'%I'/5(/M'*@"'!F.#$-@'$*"<-'-""<")'*%'4"'l".-$"&'*%'.#-B"&'$#'.'-J<F*%<.93'B.JmM'$;";'*%'-.J'lJ"-m'3%)")'*%B.&)-' $)"#9*J')$_>-$%#'$#'*@"'E"]$3.#'-3@%%/'-.<F/";'T@$/"'$#'*@"'["&<.#'-.<F/"M'*@"'<".#'F"&3"#*.:"'%I'-J<F*%<.93'.#-B"&-'XF$Y'B.-'75Q'.#)'15'%I'*@"' Nn'$*"<-'-@%B")'.'F"&3"#*.:"'4"/%B'65QM'$#'*@"'E"]$3.#'-.<F/"'*@"'<".#'F$'B.-'g5Q'.#)'%#/J'7'$*"<-'-@%B")'.#'"]*&"<"',./>"'I%&'l)$D3>/*J'*%'4"' .#-B"&")'B$*@'J"-m'B$*@'.'F$'4"/%B'65Q;'G@$-'<".#-'*@.*'*@"'$*"<-'B"&"'$#':"#"&./'<%&"')$D3>/*'*%'.#-B"&'B$*@'lJ"-m'$#'*@"'["&<.#',"&-$%#'*@.#'$#' *@"'E"]$3.#',"&-$%#'%I'/5(/;'G@>-M'-3%&"')$_"&"#3"-'4"*B""#'E"]$3.#'.#)'["&<.#'.)%/"-3"#*-'3.##%*'4"'$#*"&F&"*")')$&"3*/J'.-')$_"&"#*'/","/-'%I' $)"#9*J')$_>-$%#'4"3.>-"'-3%&"'"`>$,./"#3"'3.##%*'4"'.--><");'G@"&"I%&"M'F%F>/.9%#'#%&<-M'";:;'GO,./>"-'"]*&.3*")'I&%<'&"F&"-"#*.9,"'F%F>/.9%#-M' @.,"'*%'4"'>-")'I%&',./$)'3%<F.&$-%#-'%I'-.<F/"-'3%#3"&#$#:'*@"$&'l/","/-'%I'$)"#9*J')","/%F<"#*m;'' '''''?//'!F.#$-@'?ZK?'$*"<-'<.*3@")'*@"'3&$*"&$%#'I%&'$*"<'4$.-'.#)'F&%,")'*%'4"'l.:"'.#)':"#)"&'I.$&m'$#'*@"'E"]$3.#'-*>)J;'G@$-'.:&""-'B"//'B$*@'*@"' &"->/*-'$#'*@"'["&<.#'-*>)J;'G@"'3/.--$3./'"].<F/"'I%&'"]F/.$#$#:'l$*"<'I.$&#"--m'$-'*@"'l-%33"&'$*"<mj'$*'B%>/)'4"'>#I.$&'*%'R>):"'*@"'I&"`>"#3J'%I' :"#"&./'F@J-$3./'.39,$*J'4J'.-L$#:'la%B'%o"#')%'J%>'F/.J'-%33"&m'4"3.>-"':$&/-'>->.//J')%'#%*'/$L"'*@$-':.<"'.-'<>3@'.-'4%J-')%;'[$&/-'B%>/)'F&%4.4/J' -.J'l#","&m'<%&"'%o"#M'.#)'*@"&"I%&"'B%>/)'4"'R>):")'I./-"/J'.-'lF@J-$3.//J'$#.39,"m'$#'3%#*&.-*'*%'*@"'4%J-;'?-'.//'?ZK?'$*"<-'3.#'4"'&":.&)")'.-' :"#)"&'.#)'.:"'I.$&M')$_"&"#3"-'%#'*@"'-3%&"'/","/'4"*B""#':"#)"&'.#)'.:"':&%>F-'3.#'4"'$#*"&F&"*")'.-'*&>"')","/%F<"#*./')$_"&"#3"-;'' '''''?'/$<$*.9%#'%I'*@"'-*>)J'$-'*@"'/.3L'%I'F-J3@$.*&$3')$-%&)"&'.--"--<"#*'$#'*@"'-3@%%/'-.<F/";'h.-")'%#'"F$)"<$%/%:$3./'-*>)$"-M'B"'.--><")'*@.*'>F'*%' 6NO15Q'%I'*@$-'&"F&"-"#*.9,"'-.<F/"'%I'.)%/"-3"#*-'<.J'"]@$4$*'<$#%&'*%'<.R%&'-$:#-'%I'<"#*./'F&%4/"<-;'a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`>.*"'-.<F/"'-$8"'$#'*@"')$_"&"#*'*.&:"*")':&%>F-'I%&':"#)"&'.#)'.:";'' '''''G@"'!F.#$-@',"&-$%#'%I'/5(/'-@%B")':%%)'F-J3@%<"*&$3'F&%F"&9"-'$#'E"]$3%'.#)'3.#'4"'>-")'*%'.--"--'*@"'3%#-*&>3*'lF.*@%/%:JO&"/.*")'$)"#9*J' $#*":&.9%#',-;')$_>-$%#m'B$*@'&"/$.4$/$*JM',./$)$*JM'.#)'3%#*"#*'"`>$,./"#3"'$#'3%<F.&$-%#'B$*@'*@"'%&$:$#./'?ZK?'`>"-9%##.$&";'G@$-'U#)$#:'->FF%&*-'*@"' 3&%--O3>/*>&./':"#"&./$8.4$/$*J'%I'*@"'>#)"&/J$#:'3%#3"F*'.#)'3%#U&<-'*@"'$<F%&*.#3"'%I'3>/*>&"O-F"3$U3'*"-*'.).F9%#'$#'.))$9%#'*%'/$*"&./'*&.#-/.9%#'%I' *@"'`>"-9%##.$&";'S","&*@"/"--M'-%<"'$*"<-'-@%>/)'4"'$<F&%,");'G@"&"I%&"M'*@"'*"-*',"&-$%#'%I'l/5(/'!F.#$-@'p'E"]$3%m'-@%>/)'4"'I>&*@"&'.).F*")'.#)' -@%>/)'4"'*"-*")'$#'.'<%&"'@"*"&%:"#"%>-'F%F>/.9%#;'' .--$#'"*'./;'C@$/)'?)%/"-3'A-J3@$.*&J'E"#*'a"./*@'1567i'Vj1N;' Discussion – flow of information h.3L:&%>#)' M&(2:/);&($ +1&':"5$ b"/",.#3"' +1"A;&/)$)0/4;")$ X;5;03<&()$ Z<F/$3.9%#-' =59:;23<&()$ M&(2:/);&($ Y/0/1"$4;1"2<&()$
  13. 13. C%,"&.:"'.#)' !*.D#:'A/.#' E.#>-3&$F*' -*&>3*>&"' Linking your ideas O"("13:$'32Z>1&/(4$ B'I"2<A")$ E"0,&4&:&>6$ %")/:0)$3(4$P>/1")$ 8/55316$&?$P(4;(>)$ =59:;23<&()$?&1$0,"$P":4$ %":"A3(2"$&?$P(4;(>)$ [(&L:"4>"$>39)$ A-$50#!$@(&058#-7#!+,+!&:#5+!#-!+,!&-B#+C(50&@-! M/11"(0$)030"$&?$0,"$P":4$ =(01&4/2<&($ E"0,&4)$ %")/:0)$ -;)2/));&($
  14. 14. D%+7.507+! Section 2
  15. 15. ?4-*&.3*-' Important points Y;1)0$;591"));&($ &?$6&/1$939"1$ =59&103(2"$&?$ 6&/1$1")/:0)$ 3:;4;06$&?$6&/1$ 2&(2:/);&()$ %":"A3(2"$&?$$ 6&/1$3;5)$ !/4>"$6&/1$ L1;<(>$)06:"$ +1&'3':6$&(:6$9310$ 0,30$L;::$'"$1"34$
  16. 16. C%,"&.:"'.#)' !*.D#:'A/.#' E.#>-3&$F*' -*&>3*>&"' Sections of an abstract .;5)$ @32Z>1&/(4$ E"0,&4)$ %")/:0)$ M&(2:/);&($ V,6$0,"$)0/46$L3)$4&("$SF]^T$ _&/1$,69&0,");)$SC]^T$ H"2,(;R/")$SC]^T$ E&)0$;59&103(0$P(4;(>)$SJ]^T$ M&(2:/);&(`;59:;23<&()$SF]^T$ "'-0&+#!+,885.)!'E!)',.!.#+#5.0F!
  17. 17. ?4-*&.3*-' Unstructured abstract 2>&'>#)"&-*.#)$#:'%I'*@"'<"3@.#$-<-'4J'B@$3@')>3*-'.#)'/%4>/"-')","/%F'$-')"&$,")'I&%<' <%)"/' %&:.#$-<-' .#)' *@&""O)$<"#-$%#./' X7KY' 3"//' 3>/*>&"' <%)"/-' B@"&"$#' <.<<./$.#' "F$*@"/$./' 3"//-' >#)"&:%' <%&F@%:"#"-$-' *%' I%&<' <>/93"//>/.&' -F@"&"-' B$*@' .' @%//%B' 3"#*&./' /><"#;'a%B","&M'*@"'<"3@.#%F@J-$3./'F&%F"&9"-'.--%3$.*")'B$*@'"F$*@"/$./'<%&F@%:"#"-$-' .&"'F%%&/J'>#)"&-*%%);'T"'F"&I%&<")'<>/9)$<"#-$%#./'/$,"O3"//'$<.:$#:'.#./J-$-'*%'*&.3L'*@"' <%&F@%:"#"93' F&%3"--' -*.&9#:' I&%<' .' -$#:/"' 3"//' *%' *@"' )","/%F<"#*' %I' .' <>/93"//>/.&M' -F@"&$3./' -*&>3*>&"' 3%<F%-")' %I' F%/.&$8")' "F$*@"/$./' 3"//-' ->&&%>#)$#:' .' @%//%B' /><"#;' T"' &"F%&*'*@.*'$#'.))$9%#'*%'.39,"/J'<.$#*.$#$#:'.F$3%4.-./'F%/.&$*JM'*@"'-*&>3*>&"-'>#)"&B"#*' &%*.9%#./'<%9%#-'.*'&.*"-'%I'6Np15'q<=@'.#)'*@"'-*&>3*>&"-'&%*.*")'7P5r'","&J'g'@')>&$#:' *@"'".&/J'F@.-"'%I'<%&F@%:"#"-$-;'b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`>"'<"3@.#%F@J-$3./'F&%3"--'%4-"&,")')>&$#:'#%&<./'7K'<%&F@%:"#"-$-' *@.*'&":>/.*"-'/.<$#$#'<.*&$]'.--"<4/J'.#)'$-'/%-*'$#'3.#3"&O)"&$,")'"F$*@"/$./'3"//-;' T.#:'"*'./;'AS?!;'1567i'665j'6P7 6Pn;'
  18. 18. ?4-*&.3*-' Unstructured abstract M&(2:/);&($G@>-M'3%%&)$#.*")'&%*.9%#./'<%,"<"#*'$-'.'>#$`>"'<"3@.#%F@J-$3./'F&%3"--'%4-"&,")')>&$#:'#%&<./' 7K'<%&F@%:"#"-$-'*@.*'&":>/.*"-'/.<$#$#'<.*&$]'.--"<4/J'.#)'$-'/%-*'$#'3.#3"&O)"&$,")'"F$*@"/$./'3"//-;' %")/:0)$ T"' &"F%&*' *@.*' $#' .))$9%#' *%' .39,"/J' <.$#*.$#$#:' .F$3%4.-./' F%/.&$*JM' *@"' -*&>3*>&"-' >#)"&B"#*' &%*.9%#./'<%9%#-'.*'&.*"-'%I'6Np15'q<=@'.#)'*@"'-*&>3*>&"-'&%*.*")'7P5r'","&J'g'@')>&$#:'*@"'".&/J' F@.-"'%I'<%&F@%:"#"-$-;'b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a%B","&M' *@"' <"3@.#%F@J-$3./'F&%F"&9"-'.--%3$.*")'B$*@'"F$*@"/$./'<%&F@%:"#"-$-'.&"'F%%&/J'>#)"&-*%%);'' T.#:'"*'./;'AS?!;'1567i'665j'6P7 6Pn;' K)21;'3$)/$1")"a3$$ "($)"22;&(")$
  19. 19. ?4-*&.3*-' Writing your abstract T"' &"F%&*' *@.*' $#' .))$9%#' *%' .39,"/J' <.$#*.$#$#:' .F$3%4.-./' F%/.&$*JM' *@"' -*&>3*>&"-' >#)"&B"#*'&%*.9%#./'<%9%#-'.*'&.*"-'%I'6Np15'q<=@'.#)'*@"'-*&>3*>&"-'&%*.*")'7P5r' ","&J'g'@')>&$#:'*@"'".&/J'F@.-"'%I'<%&F@%:"#"-$-;'b%*.9%#./'<%9%#'B.-'$#)"F"#)"#*' %I'*@"'3"//'3J3/"M'4>*'B.-'4/%3L")'4J'/%--'%I'*@"'"F$*@"/$./'F%/.&$*J'F&%*"$#-'!3&$44/"'%&' A.&)7M'%&'4J'$#@$4$9%#'%I')J#"$#O4.-")'<$3&%*>4>/"'<%*%&-;'Z#*"&"-9#:/JM'#%#"'%I'*@"' -*&>3*>&"-')"&$,")'I&%<'@><.#'3.#3"&'>#)"&B"#*'&%*.9%#./'<%9%#;'T"'I%>#)'.')$&"3*' &"/.9%#-@$F' 4"*B""#' &%*.9%#./' <%9%#' .#)' .--"<4/J' %I' "#)%:"#%>-' 4.-"<"#*' <"<4&.#"' <.*&$]' .&%>#)' *@"' 7K' -*&>3*>&"-M' .#)' *@.*' -*&>3*>&"-' *@.*' I.$/")' *%' &%*.*"' B"&"' )"I"39,"' $#' B".,$#:' "]%:"#%>-' /.<$#$#' <.*&$];' K$--%/>9%#' %I' 4.-"<"#*' <"<4&.#"' .&%>#)' <.*>&"M' #%#&%*.9#:' .3$#$' &"-*%&")' &%*.9%#./' <%,"<"#*' .#)' *@"' .4$/$*J'*%'.--"<4/"'"]%:"#%>-'/.<$#$#;' V1;0"$0,"$1")/:0)$)"2<&($P1)0$ T.#:'"*'./;'AS?!;'1567i'665j'6P7 6Pn;' G'+!.#+,$75:'+!+'-!$'+!:#+0,%.&8&#-7'+!8H+!&86'.75-7#+!
  20. 20. ?4-*&.3*-' Writing your abstract 2>&'>#)"&-*.#)$#:'%I'*@"'<"3@.#$-<-'4J'B@$3@')>3*-'.#)'/%4>/"-')","/%F'$-')"&$,")' I&%<' <%)"/' %&:.#$-<-' .#)' *@&""O)$<"#-$%#./' X7KY' 3"//' 3>/*>&"' <%)"/-' B@"&"$#' <.<<./$.#'"F$*@"/$./'3"//-'>#)"&:%'<%&F@%:"#"-$-'*%'I%&<'<>/93"//>/.&'-F@"&"-'B$*@'.' @%//%B' 3"#*&./' /><"#;' a%B","&M' *@"' <"3@.#%F@J-$3./' F&%F"&9"-' .--%3$.*")' B$*@' "F$*@"/$./'<%&F@%:"#"-$-'.&"'F%%&/J'>#)"&-*%%);'' V1;0"$0,"$'32Z>1&/(4$)"2<&($)"2&(4$ T.#:'"*'./;'AS?!;'1567i'665j'6P7 6Pn;' G'+!5-7#0#:#-7#+!#>6$&05-!6'.!I,9!+,!#+7,:&'!:#%#!F50#.+#' +1&':"5$
  21. 21. ?4-*&.3*-' Writing your abstract T"'F"&I%&<")'<>/9)$<"#-$%#./'/$,"O3"//'$<.:$#:'.#./J-$-'*%'*&.3L'*@"'<%&F@%:"#"93' F&%3"--' -*.&9#:' I&%<' .' -$#:/"' 3"//' *%' *@"' )","/%F<"#*' %I' .' <>/93"//>/.&M' -F@"&$3./' -*&>3*>&"'3%<F%-")'%I'F%/.&$8")'"F$*@"/$./'3"//-'->&&%>#)$#:'.'@%//%B'/><"#;'' V1;0"$0,"$5"0,&4)$)"2<&($0,;14$ T.#:'"*'./;'AS?!;'1567i'665j'6P7 6Pn;' G'+!897':'+!+'-!$5+!790-&05+!(#-#.5$#+!
  22. 22. ?4-*&.3*-' Writing your abstract G@>-M' 3%%&)$#.*")' &%*.9%#./' <%,"<"#*' $-' .' >#$`>"' <"3@.#%F@J-$3./' F&%3"--' %4-"&,")')>&$#:'#%&<./'7K'<%&F@%:"#"-$-'*@.*'&":>/.*"-'/.<$#$#'<.*&$]'.--"<4/J' .#)'$-'/%-*'$#'3.#3"&O)"&$,")'"F$*@"/$./'3"//-;' V1;0"$0,"$2&(2:/);&($)"2<&($:3)0$ Q&L"A"1*$ 0,"$ 5"2,3(&9,6);23:$ 91&9"1<")$ 3))&2;30"4$ L;0,$ "9;0,":;3:$5&19,&>"(");)$31"$9&&1:6$/(4"1)0&&4D$ T.#:'"*'./;'AS?!;'1567i'665j'6P7 6Pn;' G5!0'-0$,+&@-!:#%#!5%'.:5.!#$!6.'%$#85! M&(2:/);&($ =59:;23<&()$
  23. 23. ?4-*&.3*-' Writing your abstract G@>-M' 3%%&)$#.*")' &%*.9%#./' <%,"<"#*' $-' .' >#$`>"' <"3@.#%F@J-$3./' F&%3"--' %4-"&,")' )>&$#:' #%&<./' 7K' <%&F@%:"#"-$-' *@.*' &":>/.*"-' /.<$#$#' <.*&$]' .--"<4/J' .#)' $-' /%-*' $#' 3.#3"&O)"&$,")' "F$*@"/$./'3"//-;' T"' &"F%&*' *@.*' $#' .))$9%#' *%' .39,"/J' <.$#*.$#$#:' .F$3%4.-./' F%/.&$*JM' *@"' -*&>3*>&"-' >#)"&B"#*' &%*.9%#./'<%9%#-'.*'&.*"-'%I'6Np15'q<=@'.#)'*@"'-*&>3*>&"-'&%*.*")'7P5r'","&J'g'@')>&$#:'*@"'".&/J' F@.-"'%I'<%&F@%:"#"-$-;'b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a%B","&M'*@"' <"3@.#%F@J-$3./'F&%F"&9"-'.--%3$.*")'B$*@'"F$*@"/$./'<%&F@%:"#"-$-'.&"'F%%&/J'>#)"&-*%%);'' T.#:'"*'./;'AS?!;'1567i'665j'6P7 6Pn;'
  24. 24. ?4-*&.3*-' Writing your abstract 2>&'>#)"&-*.#)$#:'%I'*@"'<"3@.#$-<-'4J'B@$3@')>3*-'.#)'/%4>/"-')","/%F'$-')"&$,")'I&%<'<%)"/' %&:.#$-<-' .#)' *@&""O)$<"#-$%#./' X7KY' 3"//' 3>/*>&"' <%)"/-' B@"&"$#' <.<<./$.#' "F$*@"/$./' 3"//-' >#)"&:%'<%&F@%:"#"-$-'*%'I%&<'<>/93"//>/.&'-F@"&"-'B$*@'.'@%//%B'3"#*&./'/><"#;'a%B","&M'*@"' <"3@.#%F@J-$3./' F&%F"&9"-' .--%3$.*")' B$*@' "F$*@"/$./' <%&F@%:"#"-$-' .&"' F%%&/J' >#)"&-*%%);' T"' F"&I%&<")'<>/9)$<"#-$%#./'/$,"O3"//'$<.:$#:'.#./J-$-'*%'*&.3L'*@"'<%&F@%:"#"93'F&%3"--'-*.&9#:' I&%<'.'-$#:/"'3"//'*%'*@"')","/%F<"#*'%I'.'<>/93"//>/.&M'-F@"&$3./'-*&>3*>&"'3%<F%-")'%I'F%/.&$8")' "F$*@"/$./' 3"//-' ->&&%>#)$#:' .' @%//%B' /><"#;' T"' &"F%&*' *@.*' $#' .))$9%#' *%' .39,"/J' <.$#*.$#$#:' .F$3%4.-./'F%/.&$*JM'*@"'-*&>3*>&"-'>#)"&B"#*'&%*.9%#./'<%9%#-'.*'&.*"-'%I'6Np15'q<=@'.#)'*@"' -*&>3*>&"-'&%*.*")'7P5r'","&J'g'@')>&$#:'*@"'".&/J'F@.-"'%I'<%&F@%:"#"-$-;'b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`>"'<"3@.#%F@J-$3./'F&%3"--'%4-"&,")')>&$#:'#%&<./'7K'<%&F@%:"#"-$-'*@.*'&":>/.*"-'/.<$#$#' <.*&$]'.--"<4/J'.#)'$-'/%-*'$#'3.#3"&O)"&$,")'"F$*@"/$./'3"//-;'M&(2:/);&()$ %")/:0)$ E"0,&4)$ @32Z>1&/(4$ T.#:'"*'./;'AS?!;'1567i'665j'6P7 6Pn;'
  25. 25. ?4-*&.3*-' =59&103(0$9&;(0)$ 8/5531;W"$Z"6$P(4;(>$ M&(03;()$Z"6L&14)$ X"))$0,3($F]$L&14)$ .A&;4$ U/")<&()$ .''1"A;3<&()$ bc"Ld$&1$b(&A":d$ Effective titles A$!J7,$'!:#%#!+#.!0'-0&+'!)!.#+,8&.!+,!F5$$5K('+!0$5B#!
  26. 26. *5.(#7!7F#!<',.-5$! Section 3
  27. 27. C>-*%<"&'!"&,$3"'G.&:"*'*@"'R%>&#./' C@/%&%F@J//'$-'F&"-"#*'$#'<.#J'F/.#*'%&:.#-M'$#3/>)$#:'$<<.*>&"' I&>$*'B@"&"'$*'$-'>->.//J')":&.)")')>&$#:'&$F"#$#:;'E.*>&"':&""#' L$B$I&>$*' X/#6&%7%,' 7.$%#%38,Y' .&"' .#' "]3"F9%#M' B$*@' @$:@' 3%#3"#*&.9%#-' %I' 3@/%&%F@J//' &"<.$#$#:' $#' *@"' I&>$*' s"-@;' Z#' :%/)Os"-@")' L$B$I&>$*' X/9' #:%&.&8%8YM' 3@/%&%F@J//' $-' )":&.)")' *%' 3%/%>&/"--' 3.*.4%/$*"-' >F%#' I&>$*' &$F"#$#:M' /".,$#:' J"//%B' 3.&%*"#%$)-',$-$4/";'T"'@.,"'$)"#9U")'3.#)$).*"':"#"-'I%&'*@"' 3%#*&%/'%I'3@/%&%F@J//')":&.).9%#k' A$/L$#:*%#'"*'./;'A/.#*.;'1561i'17Pj'6P6Nt6P1n;' H,"$2&(01&:$&?$2,:&1&9,6::$:"A":)$;($530/1;(>$Z;L;?1/;0$ @1&34$;(0"1")0$ @1&34$;(0"1")0$ Broad focused journal ?$5-75!
  28. 28. C>-*%<"&'!"&,$3"'G.&:"*'*@"'R%>&#./' G&.)$9%#./'B"")'<.#.:"<"#*M'->3@'.-'9//.:"'.#)'$&&$:.9%#M'@.-'/")' *%' .#' "#@.#3")' <.$#*"#.#3"' %I' B"*/.#)' F/.#*' -F"3$"-' $#' I.//%B' F.))J'U"/)-;'b"3"#*'@"&4$3$)"'>-.:"'.#)'$<F&%,"<"#*-'$#'$&&$:.9%#' .#)' )&.$#.:"' -J-*"<-' @%B","&' @.,"' 3.>-")' @.4$*.*' /%--' %I' *@"-"' -F"3$"-M'"-F"3$.//J'$#'U"/)-'%#'%F"#'/%B/.#)-k' K#"20)$&?$<::3>"$3(4$;11;>3<&($&($0,"$&22/11"(2"$3(4$")03':;),5"(0$ &?$(3<A"$L"0:3(4$9:3(0$)9"2;")$;($?3::&L$93446$P":4)$ Narrow focused journal ?5::)!5-:!L57#.!M#B#$'68#-7! G.L.#%-"'"*'./;'A.))J'T.*"&'(#,$&%#;'1567i'66j'6tg;' N#)O'.:+!E.'8!7F#!D&8+!5-:!10'6#!
  29. 29. AP#0CB#!O.&C-(! Section 4
  30. 30. (_"39,"'T&$9#:' High readability _&/1$1"34"1$),&/:4e$ f(4"1)03(4$6&/1$:&>;2$;55"4;30":6$ c&0$,3A"$0&$1"34$):&L:6$ B(:6$,3A"$0&$1"34$&(2"$
  31. 31. (_"39,"'T&$9#:' 1. Short sentences Q#5:&-(!'-0#R! J^$&?$1"34"1)$23($/(4"1)03(4$3$FghL&14$)"(0"(2"$ gi^$&?$1"34"1)$23($/(4"1)03(4$3$CghL&14$)"(0"(2"$ A$##"&'.#)'A$##"&'X6eenY'13!!;&%#,63&'<=%$$8' f<:;2"$)j:&$/(3$;4"3$9&1$&132;&($ CikF]$93:3'13)$
  32. 32. (_"39,"'T&$9#:' Short sentences ST!O'.:+! H,"$ :31>")0$ 2&593(6*$ 3$ M&:&5';3($ 2&19&13<&($ ?&/(4"4$ ;($ ClCm$&/0);4"$&?$@&>30n$'6$E;>/":$Q"1(n(4"W*$L3)$2&();4"1"4$ 0&$ '"$ 3$ 5&4":$ ;($ 0,"$ 4"A":&95"(0$ &?$ 5&4"1($ "59:&6""$ 2&(4;<&()$'6$"2&(&5;)0)D$
  33. 33. (_"39,"'T&$9#:' Short sentences ST!O'.:+! H,"$ :31>")0$ 2&593(6*$ 3$ M&:&5';3($ 2&19&13<&($ ?&/(4"4$ ;($ ClCm$&/0);4"$&?$@&>30n$'6$E;>/":$Q"1(n(4"W*$L3)$2&();4"1"4$ 0&$ '"$ 3$ 5&4":$ ;($ 0,"$ 4"A":&95"(0$ &?$ 5&4"1($ "59:&6""$ 2&(4;<&()$'6$"2&(&5;)0)D$
  34. 34. (_"39,"'T&$9#:' Short sentences K2&(&5;)0)$2&();4"1"4$0,"$:31>")0$2&593(6$0&$'"$3$5&4":$;($ 0,"$ 4"A":&95"(0$ &?$ 5&4"1($ "59:&6""$ 2&(4;<&()D$ H,;)$ 2&593(6$ L3)$ 3$ M&:&5';3($ 2&19&13<&($ ?&/(4"4$ ;($ ClCm$ &/0);4"$&?$@&>30n$'6$E;>/":$Q"1(n(4"WD$ 2U!O'.:+! 2V!O'.:+! W-#!&:#5!6#.!+#-7#-0#!
  35. 35. (_"39,"'T&$9#:' 2. Active voice 8"(0"(2")$L1;N"($;($0,"$32<A"$A&;2"$31"7$ +&86$#! :&.#07! 0$#5.! #5+)!7'!.#5:! H,"$5"2,3(;)5)$1">/:3<(>$0/5&1$>1&L0,$L"1"$;(A")<>30"4D$ ?5++&B#! V"$;(A")<>30"4$0,"$5"2,3(;)5)$1">/:3<(>$0/5&1$>1&L0,D$ D0CB#! XC$&0#!$5!B'K!50CB5!65.5!+#.!8H+!:&.#07'+!
  36. 36. (_"39,"'T&$9#:' Active voice is preferred l+-"'*@"'50CB#!B'&0#!B@"#'$*'$-'/"--'B%&)J'.#)'<%&"' )$&"3*'*@.#'*@"'F.--$,"m;'X7&)'");M'F:;'g1Y' l+-"'*@"'50CB#!B'&0#!&.*@"&'*@.#'*@"'F.--$,"',%$3"km;'' BBB;.F.-*J/";%&:=/".&#=I.`-="_"39,"O,"&4O>-";.-F]' l?-'.'<.c"&'%I'-*J/"M'F.--$,"',%$3"'$-'*JF$3.//JM'4>*'#%*' ./B.J-M'$#I"&$%&'*%'50CB#!B'&0#m;'X6N*@'");M'F:;'6VVY' lZ#':"#"&./M'.>*@%&-'-@%>/)'>-"'*@"'50CB#!B'&0#km;' X65*@'");M'F:;'715Y' D"1!17)$#!Y,&:#! D?D!17)$#!! "F&05('!17)$#! Y,&:#! D4D!45-,5$!'E! 17)$#!
  37. 37. (_"39,"'T&$9#:' 3. Stress position G'+!$#07'.#+!+#!0#-7.5-!#-!#$!Z-5$!:#!$5!'.50&'-! 65.5!&:#-CZ05.!$'!I,#!#+!&86'.75-7#! CD  _&/$4")"1A"$3$13;)"*$'/0$0,"$'/4>"0$;)$<>,0D$ V,;2,$)"(0"(2"$)/>>")0)$0,30$6&/$$ O&$$$>"0$3$13;)"o$ FD  H,"$'/4>"0$;)$<>,0*$'/0$6&/$4")"1A"$3$13;)"D$ @cFj==B&$9#:3"#*"&;>#3;")>=@.#)%>*-=s%B='
  38. 38. (_"39,"'T&$9#:' Stress position H,"$'/4>"0$;)$<>,0*$'/0$6&/$4")"1A"$3$13;)"D$_&/1$)3:316$ L;::$;(21"3)"$30$0,"$'">;((;(>$&?$("p0$6"31D$ X3$9&);2;j($4"$0"();j($4"'"$;(01&4/2;1$$ ":$0"53$4"$:3$);>/;"(0"$&132;&$ @cFj==B&$9#:3"#*"&;>#3;")>=@.#)%>*-=s%B=' 801"))$9&);<&($ H&9;2$9&);<&($ G5!6'+&0&@-!:#$!7#85!&:#-CZ05!:#!I,9!7.575!$5!'.50&@-!
  39. 39. (_"39,"'T&$9#:' 4. Topic position *F#! 65C#-7! L"(0$ 0&$ 0,"$ ,&)9;03:$ 0&$ )""$ 3$ (5+7.'#-7#.'$'(&+7D$*F#!:'07'.!0,"($9"1?&15"4$3$)"1;")$ &?$ :&5(-'+C0! 7#+7+D$ *F#! .#+,$7+! ),&L"4$ 0,"$ 93<"(0$ )/#"1"4$ ?1&5$ 3$ %507#.&5$! &-E#0C'-D! D-C%&'C0+! L"1"$ 91")21;'"4$ 0&$ 01"30$ 0,"$ ;(?"2<&($ '"?&1"$ 0,"$ 93<"(0$ 4"A":&9"4$3($,$0#.D$$ $)". $)".$)".$)". G%F$3'/$#L -"#*"#3" FDi$<5")$5&1"$2&55&($;($K(>:;),$0,3($;($893(;),$ !$<F-%#'uE;'u'!"3%#)'H.#:'T&$*;'1555i'ej'1e7p75e;'
  40. 40. (_"39,"'T&$9#:' X/(>$ 23(2"1$ ;)$ 0,"$ :"34;(>$ 23/)"$ &?$ 23(2"1$ 5&103:;06$ ?&1$ 5"($ 3(4$ L&5"(D$ -")9;0"$ )5&Z;(>$ 91"A"(<&($ 3(4$ 2"))3<&($91&>135)e$ec"L$L36)$0&$01"30$&1$91"A"(0$:/(>$ 23(2"1$31"$0,"1"?&1"$(""4"4D$ B("$9&0"(<3:$0,"139"/<2$031>"0$?&1$:/(>$23(2"1$;)$0,"$V(0$ );>(3:;(>$930,L36D$H,"$23(&(;23:$V(0$);>(3:;(>$930,L36$;($ 53553:)$2&();)0)$&?$3e$ h>-3@'"*'./;'hEC'C.#3"&;'1561i'67j'166;' H&9;2$)"(0"(2"$ H&9;2$)"(0"(2"$ 801"))$)"(0"(2"$ f<:;2"$:3$9&);2;&($4"$$0"();j($6$0"53$$"($)/$")21;0&$4"$ 53("13$:j>;23$3:$91")"(031$:3$;(?&1532;j($ Manuscript structure
  41. 41. Thank you! LLLD"43(W"4;<(>D2&5$ Any questions? Y&::&L$/)$&($HL;N"1$ q!&/1(3:.4A;)&1' X;Z"$/)$&($Y32"'&&Z$ ?32"'&&ZD2&5`!&/1(3:.4A;)&1' -&L(:&34$3(4$?/10,"1$1"34;(>$ "43(W"4;<(>D2&5`/(;A3::"$
  42. 42. Thank you! LLLD"43(W"4;<(>D2&5$ Any questions? Y&::&L$/)$&($HL;N"1$ q!&/1(3:.4A;)&1' X;Z"$/)$&($Y32"'&&Z$ ?32"'&&ZD2&5`!&/1(3:.4A;)&1' -&L(:&34$3(4$?/10,"1$1"34;(>$ "43(W"4;<(>D2&5`I3A"1;3(3$
  43. 43. !"#$%&'"()*$+,-$ !"#$%&'()$*%&' ./0,&1$.234"567$$ 80"9)$0&$+/':;23<&($8/22"))$==! +#$,"&-$).)')"/'0.//"' 1'23*%4"&'1567' ").#8")$9#:;3%<=>#$,.//"'
  44. 44. !"#$%&'"()*$+,-$ !"#$%&'()$*%&' ./0,&1$.234"567$$ 80"9)$0&$+/':;23<&($8/22"))$==! A%#9U3$.'+#$,"&-$).)'u.,"&$.#.' g'23*%4"&'1567' ").#8")$9#:;3%<=R.,"&$.#.'
  45. 45. CD  E3(/)21;90$)01/20/1"$ FD  .')01320)$3(4$<0:")$ GD  H31>"<(>$0,"$I&/1(3:$ JD  K#"2<A"$L1;<(>' Today’s Presentation CD  !&/1(3:$)":"2<&($ FD  M&A"1$:"N"1)$ GD  +""1$1"A;"L$ 1#++&'-!2! 1#++&'-!3!
  46. 46. Edanz survey results – Primary difficulty during manuscript preparation &'v'777'F>4/$-@")'#%#O#.9,"'(#:/$-@'.>*@%&-' C@%%-$#:'.' R%>&#./' (]F&"--$#:'*@%>:@*-' 3/".&/J'$#'(#:/$-@' +#)"&-*.#)$#:'*@"' .>*@%&':>$)"/$#"-' W%&<.w#:'.33%&)$#:' *%'*@"':>$)"/$#"-' CCr$ gl$ gG$ mG$ GiDJ^$ FGDg^$ FCDl^$ CrDl^$ X&)$3/0&1")$<"("($4;P2/:034")$9313$":">;1$:3)$ 1"A;)03)$6$2&591"(4"1$:3)$4;1"201;2")$4"$:3)$$1"A;)03)$
  47. 47. [',.-5$!+#$#0C'-! Section 1
  48. 48. u%>&#./'-"/"39%#' Tenga en cuenta los diferentes factores de cada revista .;5)$s$)2&9"$ %"34"1),;9$ B9"($322"))$ =(4"p;(>$ LF&0F!E507'.!&+!8'+7!&86'.75-7!7'!)',! +/':;23<&($ ?1"R/"(26$ =59320$?320&1$ ]5.&#+!%)!Z#$:!
  49. 49. u%>&#./'-"/"39%#' Choosing a target journal ^'-#+758#-7#!#B5$,#!$5!&86'.75-0&5!! :#!+,!&-B#+C(50&@-! 8;>(;P23(2"$ .;5)$3(4$82&9"$ =59320$
  50. 50. u%>&#./'-"/"39%#' c"L$P(4;(>)$ Evaluating significance: Novelty E"4;/5$0&$,;>,$ ;59320$ X&L$0&$5"4;/5$ ;59320$ =(21"5"(03:$ 34A3(2")$ M&(2"90/3:$ 34A3(2")$ _`,#!75-!-,#B'+!+'-!7,+!.#+,$75:'+!
  51. 51. u%>&#./'-"/"39%#' Evaluating significance: Relevance _`,9!75-!.#$#B5-7#+!+'-!+,+!.#+,$75:'+!! #-!+,!0586'!,!'7.'+!0586'+! +&9/:3<&($)9"2;P2o$%")01;20"4$0&$>"&>139,;23:$ :&23<&(o$Q&L$2&55&($;)$0,"$4;)"3)"o$ E"4;23:$ %":"A3(0$0&$'/);("))$&1$531Z"<(>o$ Q3A"$;59320$&($>&A"1(5"(0$9&:;26o$ +)62,&:&>6$ Q&L$'1&34:6$399:;23':"$;)$0,"$4");>(o$$ =)$;0$2&)0h"#"2<A"o$ K(>;(""1;(>$
  52. 52. u%>&#./'-"/"39%#' Evaluating significance: Importance .1"3$&?$9&9/:31$ 399"3: 80"5$2"::)*$<))/"$"(>;(""1;(>*$>:&'3:$ L315;(>*$31<P2;3:$;(0"::;>"(2" =59&103(0$1"3:h L&1:4$399:;23<&() %;2"$1");)03(0$0&$,;>,$)3:0$2&(4;<&()*$ ),1;59$1");)03(0$0&$;(?"2<&( _`,9!75-!&86'.75-7#+!+'-!$5+!56$&050&'-#+!!! #-!#$!8,-:'!.#5$!
  53. 53. u%>&#./'-"/"39%#' Journal Selector =()"10$6&/1$91&9&)"4$3')01320$ A$![',.-5$!1#$#07'.!5),:5!5!#$#(&.!! $5!6,%$&050&'-!8H+!5:#0,5:5!
  54. 54. u%>&#./'-"/"39%#' Journal Selector %"2&55"(4"4$I&/1(3:)$ Y;:0"1$'67$ =59320$?320&1$ +/':;),;(>$?1"R/"(26$ B9"($322"))$
  55. 55. u%>&#./'-"/"39%#' Journal Selector 8"53(<2$5302,;(>$0"15)$ !&/1(3:)$=Y*$.;5)$s$82&9"*$$ 3(4$Y1"R/"(26$ 8;5;:31$9/':;),"4$31<2:")$ Q3A"$0,"6$9/':;),"4$);5;:31$31<2:")$.#0#-7$)o$ Q3A"$6&/$0&7#:$)&5"$&?$0,")"$31<2:")o$
  56. 56. u%>&#./'-"/"39%#' Visit journal websites
  57. 57. u%>&#./'-"/"39%#' For Springer journals
  58. 58. u%>&#./'-"/"39%#' Tips to identify the most suitable journal !' =4"(<?6$0,"$ ;(0"1")0)$&?$0,"$ <',.-5$!#:&7'.! =4"(<?6$0,"$ ;(0"1")0)$&?$0,"$ .#5:#.+! •  K4;0&1;3:)$ •  %"A;"L$31<2:")$ •  89"2;3:$;))/")$ •  E&)0$A;"L"4$ •  E&)0$2;0"4$ a:#-CZ05!$'+!&-7#.#+#+!:#$!#:&7'.!:#!$5!.#B&+75!)! :#!$'+!$#07'.#+!#-!05:5!6,%$&050&'-!
  59. 59. u%>&#./'-"/"39%#' Author guidelines bcUTT!O'.:+d! a86'.75-7!6'&-7+! .1<2:"$)01/20/1"$ V&14$:;5;0)$ %"?"1"(2")$
  60. 60. u%>&#./'-"/"39%#' Author guidelines – article structure +1"9313<&($&?$ E3(/)21;90)$ @">;()$&($93>"$l$S&?$CgT$ H;0:"$93>"*$3')01320$ ["6L&14)$0&$$ :&&Z$?&1o$ V,30$6&/$),&/:4$ '"$:&&Z;(>$?&1$ •  .1<2:"$069"$)9"2;P2)$ •  H;0:"$93>"$;(?&153<&($ •  .')01320*$>139,;23:$3')01320*$ Z"6L&14)*$3(4$,;>,:;>,0)$ •  E3;($0"p0$)"2<&()$ •  %"?"1"(2")$ •  Y;>/1")$3(4$Y;>/1"$X">"(4)$
  61. 61. u%>&#./'-"/"39%#' Author guidelines – word limits L'.:!$&8&7+!85)!566$)!7'e! •  H;0:")$ •  %/((;(>$<0:")$ •  Q;>,:;>,0)$ •  .')01320)$ •  E3;($0"p0$ •  Y;>/1"$:">"(4)$
  62. 62. u%>&#./'-"/"39%#' Author guidelines – references =(h0"p0$2;03<&()$ 3(2&/A"1$7$x6y'%&'6' Q31A3147$XS.<"M'J".&Y' %"?"1"(2"$:;)0$ 3(2&/A"1$7$S><"&$3./' Q31A3147$?/F@.4"93./'
  63. 63. "'B#.!$#f#.+! Section 2
  64. 64. C%,"&.:"'.#)' !*.D#:'A/.#' C%,"&'/"c"&-' .')013207$ Y;1)0$;591"));&($?&1$1"34"1)$ X3)$23103)$4"$91")"(032;j($)&($:3$91;5"13$ ;591");j($9313$":$"4;0&1$4"$/(3$1"A;)03$ 8;>(;P23(2"$ %":"A3(2"$ X"A":$&?$K(>:;),$ =(0"1")<(>$0&$ 0,";1$1"34"1)o$ V,6$6&/1$L&1Z$ ;)$;59&103(0t$
  65. 65. C%,"&.:"'.#)' !*.D#:'A/.#' C%,"&'/"c"&-' Building your cover letter E.&3'H$FF<.#M'EK' ()$*%&O$#OC@$"I' >4.,8-'1,&#.4'?.8.,4#:',&7'@4.,-!.&-' 7'!"F*"<4"&'1567' K".&'K&'H$FF<.#M' A/".-"' U#)' "#3/%-")' %>&' <.#>-3&$F*' "#9*/")' l(,./>.9%#' %I' *@"' [/.-:%B'F&%:#%-93'-3%&"'$#'F.9"#*-'>#)"&:%$#:'3>&.9,"'&"-"39%#' I%&'4&".-*'3.#3"&'/$,"&'<"*.-*.-"-Mm'B@$3@'B"'B%>/)'/$L"'*%'->4<$*' I%&'F>4/$3.9%#'.-'.#'2&$:$#./'?&93/"'$#'>4.,8-'1,&#.4'?.8.,4#:',&7' @4.,-!.&-;'' u%>&#./'")$*%&z-'#.<"' E3(/)21;90$<0:"$ +/':;23<&($069"$ a-:&I,#!#$!J7,$'!:#!+,!#+0.&7'!)!C6'!:#!6,%$&050&@-!
  66. 66. C%,"&.:"'.#)' !*.D#:'A/.#' C%,"&'/"c"&-' Building your cover letter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p9:;R/"$9&1$R/u$)/$;(A")<>32;j($4"'"1;3$4"$,32"1)"$ !  ",..#-7!-*.*"'%I'*@"'U"/)' !  ?.'%$#8'&"-".&3@"&-'.&"'I.3$#:'
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  75. 75. C%,"&.:"'.#)' !*.D#:'A/.#' C%,"&'/"c"&-' Building your cover letter T"'B%>/)'/$L"'*%'&"3%<<"#)'*@"'I%//%B$#:'&",$"B"&-'*%'",./>.*"' %>&'<.#>-3&$F*j'' 6;  b",$"B"&'6'.#)'3%#*.3*'$#I%&<.9%#' 1;  b",$"B"&'1'.#)'3%#*.3*'$#I%&<.9%#' 7;  b",$"B"&'7'.#)'3%#*.3*'$#I%&<.9%#' g;  b",$"B"&'g'.#)'3%#*.3*'$#I%&<.9%#' A/".-"'.))&"--'.//'3%&&"-F%#)"#3"'*%j' !  b"3%<<"#)")'&",$"B"&-' !  ?>*@%&z-'3%#*.3*'$#I%&<.9%#' B0,"1$;59&103(0$;(?&153<&(7$
  76. 76. C%,"&.:"'.#)' !*.D#:'A/.#' C%,"&'/"c"&-' Building your cover letter T"'B%>/)'/$L"'*%'&"3%<<"#)'*@"'I%//%B$#:'&",$"B"&-'*%'",./>.*"' %>&'<.#>-3&$F*j'' 6;  b",$"B"&'6'.#)'3%#*.3*'$#I%&<.9%#' 1;  b",$"B"&'1'.#)'3%#*.3*'$#I%&<.9%#' 7;  b",$"B"&'7'.#)'3%#*.3*'$#I%&<.9%#' g;  b",$"B"&'g'.#)'3%#*.3*'$#I%&<.9%#' A/".-"'.))&"--'.//'3%&&"-F%#)"#3"'*%j' %"2&5;"(4"$1"A;)&1")$9313$)/$53(/)01;0&$ B0,"1$;59&103(0$;(?&153<&(7$ !  b"3%<<"#)")'&",$"B"&-' !  ?>*@%&z-'3%#*.3*'$#I%&<.9%#'
  77. 77. C%,"&.:"'.#)' !*.D#:'A/.#' E.#>-3&$F*' -*&>3*>&"' A good cover letter E.&3'H$FF<.#M'EK' ()$*%&O$#OC@$"I' >4.,8-'1,&#.4'?.8.,4#:',&7'@4.,-!.&-' 7'!"F*"<4"&'1567' K".&'K&'H$FF<.#M' A/".-"' U#)' "#3/%-")' %>&' <.#>-3&$F*' "#9*/")' l(,./>.9%#' %I' *@"' [/.-:%B' F&%:#%-93' -3%&"' $#' F.9"#*-' >#)"&:%$#:' 3>&.9,"' &"-"39%#' I%&' 4&".-*' 3.#3"&' /$,"&' <"*.-*.-"-Mm' B@$3@' B"' B%>/)' /$L"' *%' ->4<$*' I%&' F>4/$3.9%#'.-'.#'2&$:$#./'?&93/"'$#'>4.,8-'1,&#.4'?.8.,4#:',&7'@4.,-!.&-;';'' G@"'[/.-:%B'F&%:#%-93'-3%&"'X[A!Y'$-'%I',./>"'I%&'.',.&$"*J'%I'*><%>&-;'!","&./'-*>)$"-'@.,"'$#,"-9:.*")'*@"'F&%:#%-93',./>"'%I'*@"'[A!'$#'F.9"#*-'B$*@'<"*.-*.93'4&".-*'3.#3"&M'4>*'I"B'-*>)$"-'@.,"'F"&I%&<")' ->3@'.#'$#,"-9:.9%#'I%&'F.9"#*-'>#)"&:%$#:'/$,"&'&"-"39%#'I%&'/$,"&'<"*.-*.-"-;'W>&*@"&<%&"M'*@"&"'.&"'3>&&"#*/J'#%'-*>)$"-'*@.*'@.,"'"].<$#")'*@"'F&%:#%-93',./>"'%I'*@"'<%)$U")'[A!'X<[A!Y'$#'*@"-"' F.9"#*-;'G@"'F&"-"#*'-*>)J'",./>.*")'*@"'<[A!'$#'*"&<-'%I'$*-'F&%:#%-93',./>"'I%&'F%-*%F"&.9,"')".*@'$#'F.9"#*-'>#)"&:%$#:'/$,"&'&"-"39%#'I%&'4&".-*'3.#3"&'/$,"&'<"*.-*.-"-;' ?'*%*./'%I'76n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{%&<'I&%<'B@$3@'*%'-@.&"'%>&'&"->/*-'B$*@'.//'*@%-"'3%#3"&#")'B$*@'4&".-*'3.#3"&;' T"'3%#U&<'*@.*'*@$-'<.#>-3&$F*'@.-'#%*'4""#'F>4/$-@")'"/-"B@"&"'.#)'$-'#%*'>#)"&'3%#-$)"&.9%#'4J'.#%*@"&'R%>&#./;'?//'.>*@%&-'@.,"'.FF&%,")'*@"'<.#>-3&$F*M'$#3/>)$#:'.>*@%&-@$F'.#)'%&)"&'%I'.>*@%&-@$FM' .#)'.:&""'B$*@'->4<$--$%#'*%'>4.,8-'1,&#.4'?.8.,4#:',&7'@4.,-!.&-;'G@$-'-*>)J'B.-'I>#)")'4J'*@"'E$#$-*&J'%I'a"./*@M'H.4%>&'.#)'T"/I.&";'G@"'.>*@%&-'@.,"'#%'3%#s$3*-'%I'$#*"&"-*'*%')"3/.&";' T"'B%>/)'/$L"'*%'&"3%<<"#)'*@"'I%//%B$#:'&",$"B"&-'*%'",./>.*"'%>&'<.#>-3&$F*j'' b",$"B"&'6'.#)'3%#*.3*'$#I%&<.9%#' b",$"B"&'1'.#)'3%#*.3*'$#I%&<.9%#' b",$"B"&'7'.#)'3%#*.3*'$#I%&<.9%#' b",$"B"&'g'.#)'3%#*.3*'$#I%&<.9%#' A/".-"'.))&"--'.//'3%&&"-F%#)"#3"'*%j' T"'/%%L'I%&B.&)'*%'@".&$#:'I&%<'J%>'.*'J%>&'".&/$"-*'3%#,"#$"#3";' |%>&-'-$#3"&"/JM' E3(/)21;90$;(?&153<&($ @32Z>1&/(4$ ["6$P(4;(>)$ %":"A3(2"$ -;)2:3;5"1)$ %"2&55"(4"4$1"A;"L"1)$
  78. 78. C%,"&.:"'.#)' !*.D#:'A/.#' C%,"&'/"c"&-' Recommending reviewers lT@"#' ->4<$w#:' J%>&' F.F"&M' J%>' <>-*' F&%,$)"' *@"' #.<"-M'.D/$.9%#-M'.#)',./$)'"O<.$/'.))&"--"-'%I'U,"'XNY' &",$"B"&-;' ZI' J%>' )%' #%*' )%' -%M' J%>&' F.F"&' B$//' 4"' &"*>&#")M'>#&",$"B");m' l?>*@%&-' .&"' &"`>"-*")' *%' F&%,$)"' *@"' #.<"-' .#)' I>//' .))&"--"-'X$#3/>)$#:'"O<.$/'.))&"--Y'%I'>F'*%'I%>&'F%*"#9./' &"I"&""-km' ]#.&ZI,#!$5+!:&.#07.&0#+!:#!$5!.#B&+75!65.5! :#7#.8&-5.!0,H-7'+!.#B&+'.#+!+#!.#0'8&#-:5-!
  79. 79. C%,"&.:"'.#)' !*.D#:'A/.#' C%,"&'/"c"&-' Recommending reviewers V,"1"$0&$P(4$ 0,"5o$ Y1&5$6&/1$1"34;(>`1"?"1"(2")*$ ("0L&1Z;(>$30$2&(?"1"(2")$ Q&L$)"(;&1o$ .;5$?&1$5;4h:"A":$1")"312,"1)$ V,&$0&$3A&;4o$ M&::3'&130&1)$S93)0$i$6"31)T*$ 1")"312,"1)$?1&5$)35"$;()<0/<&($ a-7#.-5C'-5$!$&+7e$$ C$&1$F$?1&5$.);3*$C$&1$F$?1&5$K/1&9"*$3(4$C$&1$F$?1&5$0,"$.5"1;23)$ Q#0'8&#-:#!&-B#+C(5:'.#+!:#!-&B#$!! 8#:&'!:#!:&E#.#-7#+!65i+#+!
  80. 80. ?##.!Q#B&#O! Section 3
  81. 81. A""&'b",$"B' Improves your manuscript Y#7!&-B'$B#:!$#'*@"'' F""&'&",$"B'F&%3"--' X3$1"A;);j($9&1$931")$")$/($91&2")&$$ 9&);<A&$R/"$5"I&131n$)/$53(/)2;0&$
  82. 82. A""&'b",$"B' What reviewers are looking for H,"$)2;"(2"$ H,"$53(/)21;90$ !  %":"A3(0$,69&0,");)$ !  O&&4$"p9"1;5"(03:$4");>($ !  .991&91;30"$5"0,&4&:&>6$ !  O&&4$4303$3(3:6);)$ !  3:;4$2&(2:/);&()$ !  X&>;23:$w&L$&?$;(?&153<&($ !  E3(/)21;90$)01/20/1"$3(4$?&153x(>$ !  .991&91;30"$1"?"1"(2")$ !  Q;>,$1"343';:;06$
  83. 83. A""&'b",$"B' %")9&()"$ :"N"1$ %")9&(43$2:3135"(0"$3$2343$$ 2&5"(031;&$4"$)/)$1"A;)&1")$ A5+)$0&$)""$ 2,3(>")$ %"?"1$0&$:;("$3(4$93>"$(/5'"1)$ f)"$3$4;#"1"(0$2&:&1$?&(0$ Q;>,:;>,0$0,"$0"p0$ Revision
  84. 84. A""&'b",$"B' Writing a response letter E.&3'H$FF<.#M'EK' ()$*%&O$#OC@$"I' >4.,8-'1,&#.4'?.8.,4#:',&7'@4.,-!.&-' 7'!"F*"<4"&'1567' K".&'K&'H$FF<.#M' b"j'b"->4<$--$%#'%I'<.#>-3&$F*'&"I"&"#3"'S%;'Tu!O5VONV7e' A/".-"'U#)'.c.3@")'.'&",$-")',"&-$%#'%I'%>&'<.#>-3&$F*'%&$:$#.//J'"#9*/")'l(,./>.9%#'%I'*@"'[/.-:%B'F&%:#%-93' -3%&"'$#'F.9"#*-'>#)"&:%$#:'3>&.9,"'&"-"39%#'I%&'4&".-*'3.#3"&'/$,"&'<"*.-*.-"-Mm'B@$3@'B"'B%>/)'/$L"'*%'&"->4<$*' I%&'3%#-$)"&.9%#'I%&'F>4/$3.9%#'$#'*@"'>4.,8-'1,&#.4'?.8.,4#:',&7'@4.,-!.&-9' G@"'&",$"B"&z-'3%<<"#*-'B"&"'@$:@/J'$#-$:@{>/'.#)'"#.4/")'>-'*%':&".*/J'$<F&%,"'*@"'`>./$*J'%I'%>&'<.#>-3&$F*;'Z#' *@"'I%//%B$#:'F.:"-'.&"'%>&'F%$#*O4JOF%$#*'&"-F%#-"-'*%'".3@'%I'*@"'3%<<"#*-;' b",$-$%#-'$#'*@"'<.#>-3&$F*'.&"'-@%B#'.-'>#)"&/$#")'*"]*;'Z#'.33%&).#3"'B$*@'*@"'U&-*'3%<<"#*M'*@"'9*/"'@.-'4""#' &",$-")'.#)'*@"'"#9&"'<.#>-3&$F*'@.-'>#)"&:%#"'->4-*.#9./'(#:/$-@'")$9#:;'' T"'@%F"'*@.*'*@"'&",$-$%#-'$#'*@"'<.#>-3&$F*'.#)'%>&'.33%<F.#J$#:'&"-F%#-"-'B$//'4"'->D3$"#*'*%'<.L"'%>&' <.#>-3&$F*'->$*.4/"'I%&'F>4/$3.9%#'$#'*@"'>4.,8-'1,&#.4'?.8.,4#:',&7'@4.,-!.&-;' .441"))$"4;0&1$9"1)&(3::6$ E3(/)21;90$=-$(/5'"1$ H,3(Z$1"A;"L"1)$ Q;>,:;>,0$53I&1$2,3(>")$
  85. 85. A""&'b",$"B' Agreeing with reviewers Q#B&#O#.!"'88#-7e!5&'"3;4',&,$"8%8'3A'-:.'7,-,'"3;':,2.'#:38.&' -3' ;8.' ,' 83!.B:,-' 3C8#;4.' DE&F' A;&#63&' G4.F4.88%3&H9' ' 5&' !"' 3I%&%3&J','8%!I$.'K,;88%,&'A;&#63&'B3;$7':,2.'8;L#.79'M34.32.4J' -:.' 4.8;$-8' B3;$7' C.' !34.' %&8-4;#62.' ,&7' .,8%.4' -3' #3!I,4.' -3' I4.2%3;8'4.8;$-89' %")9&()"7' T"' .:&""' B$*@' *@"' &",$"B"&z-' .--"--<"#*' %I' *@"' .#./J-$-;'2>&'*.$/%&")'I>#39%#M'$#'$*-'3>&&"#*'I%&<M'<.L"-'$*')$D3>/*' *%' *"//' *@.*' *@$-' <".->&"<"#*' 3%#-9*>*"-' .' -$:#$U3.#*' $<F&%,"<"#*' %,"&' F&",$%>-/J' &"F%&*")' ,./>"-;' T"' )"-3&$4"' %>&' #"B'.#./J-$-'>-$#:'.'[.>--$.#'Uw#:'I>#39%#'$#'%>&'&",$-")'b"->/*-' -"39%#'XA.:"'PM'H$#"-'61p6nY;'
  86. 86. A""&'b",$"B' Q#B&#O#.!"'88#-7e!5&'"3;4',&,$"8%8'3A'-:.'7,-,'"3;':,2.'#:38.&' -3' ;8.' ,' 83!.B:,-' 3C8#;4.' DE&F' A;&#63&' G4.F4.88%3&H9' ' 5&' !"' 3I%&%3&J','8%!I$.'K,;88%,&'A;&#63&'B3;$7':,2.'8;L#.79'M34.32.4J' -:.' 4.8;$-8' B3;$7' C.' !34.' %&8-4;#62.' ,&7' .,8%.4' -3' #3!I,4.' -3' I4.2%3;8'4.8;$-89' %")9&()"7' T"' .:&""' B$*@' *@"' &",$"B"&z-' .--"--<"#*' %I' *@"' .#./J-$-;'2>&'*.$/%&")'I>#39%#M'$#'$*-'3>&&"#*'I%&<M'<.L"-'$*')$D3>/*' *%' *"//' *@.*' *@$-' <".->&"<"#*' 3%#-9*>*"-' .' -$:#$U3.#*' $<F&%,"<"#*' %,"&' F&",$%>-/J' &"F%&*")' ,./>"-;' T"' )"-3&$4"' %>&' #"B'.#./J-$-'>-$#:'.'[.>--$.#'Uw#:'I>#39%#'$#'%>&'&",$-")'b"->/*-' -"39%#'XA.:"'PM'H$#"-'61p6nY;' Agreeing with reviewers .>1""5"(0$ %"A;);&()$ X&23<&($
  87. 87. A""&'b",$"B' Disagreeing with reviewers Q#B&#O#.!"'88#-7e!5&'"3;4',&,$"8%8'3A'-:.'7,-,'"3;':,2.'#:38.&' -3' ;8.' ,' 83!.B:,-' 3C8#;4.' DE&F' A;&#63&' G4.F4.88%3&H9' ' 5&' !"' 3I%&%3&J' ,' 8%!I$.' K,;88%,&' A;&#63&' B3;$7' :,2.' 8;L#.79' M34.32.4J' -:.' 4.8;$-8' B3;$7' C.' !34.' %&8-4;#62.' ,&7' .,8%.4' -3' #3!I,4.'-3'I4.2%3;8'4.8;$-89' %")9&()"7' ?/*@%>:@' .' -$<F/"' [.>--$.#' U*' B%>/)' I.3$/$*.*"' 3%<F.&$-%#'B$*@'*@"'&"->/*-'%I'%*@"&'-*>)$"-M'%>&'*.$/%&")'I>#39%#' .//%B-' I%&' *@"' .#./J-$-' %I' *@"' ).*.' $#' *"&<-' %I' *@"' !<$*@' <%)"/' x!<$*@' "*' ./;M' 6eeny;' T"' @.,"' #%B' "]F/.$#")' *@"' >-"' %I' *@$-' I>#39%#' .#)' *@"' !<$*@' <%)"/' $#' %>&' &",$-")' K$-3>--$%#' -"39%#' XA.:"'61M'H$#"-'1pPY;'
  88. 88. A""&'b",$"B' Q#B&#O#.!"'88#-7e!5&'"3;4',&,$"8%8'3A'-:.'7,-,'"3;':,2.'#:38.&' -3' ;8.' ,' 83!.B:,-' 3C8#;4.' DE&F' A;&#63&' G4.F4.88%3&H9' ' 5&' !"' 3I%&%3&J' ,' 8%!I$.' K,;88%,&' A;&#63&' B3;$7' :,2.' 8;L#.79' M34.32.4J' -:.' 4.8;$-8' B3;$7' C.' !34.' %&8-4;#62.' ,&7' .,8%.4' -3' #3!I,4.'-3'I4.2%3;8'4.8;$-89' %")9&()"7' ?/*@%>:@' .' -$<F/"' [.>--$.#' U*' B%>/)' I.3$/$*.*"' 3%<F.&$-%#'B$*@'*@"'&"->/*-'%I'%*@"&'-*>)$"-M'%>&'*.$/%&")'I>#39%#' .//%B-' I%&' *@"' .#./J-$-' %I' *@"' ).*.' $#' *"&<-' %I' *@"' !<$*@' <%)"/' x!<$*@' "*' ./;M' 6eeny;' T"' @.,"' #%B' "]F/.$#")' *@"' >-"' %I' *@$-' I>#39%#' .#)' *@"' !<$*@' <%)"/' $#' %>&' &",$-")' K$-3>--$%#' -"39%#' XA.:"'61M'H$#"-'1pPY;' Disagreeing with reviewers %"A;);&()$ X&23<&($ KA;4"(2"$
  89. 89. A""&'b",$"B' Q#B&#O#.!0'88#-7N'@:.',;-:348'$33=.7'A34'I3$"!34I:%8!8'%&'-:.' I43!3-.4'4.F%3&'3A'-:.'F.&.O':3B.2.4J'-:."'7%7&P-'.2,$;,-.'-:.' ;&-4,&8$,-.7' 4.F%3&89' @:,-' %8' 3&.' 3A' !"' #3&#.4&8' ,C3;-' -:%8' !.-:373$3F"9' “Hidden” questions Q#6F.5+#:! I,#+C'-N' Q:"' 7%7&R-' -:.' ,;-:348' .2,$;,-.' I3$"!34I:%8!8'%&'-:.';&-4,&8$,-.7'4.F%3&8'3A'-:.'F.&.S'
  90. 90. A""&'b",$"B' Q#B&#O#.!0'88#-7N'@:.',;-:348'$33=.7'A34'I3$"!34I:%8!8'%&'-:.' I43!3-.4'4.F%3&'3A'-:.'F.&.O':3B.2.4J'-:."'7%7&P-'.2,$;,-.'-:.' ;&-4,&8$,-.7' 4.F%3&89' @:,-' %8' 3&.' 3A' !"' #3&#.4&8' ,C3;-' -:%8' !.-:373$3F"9' “Hidden” questions %")9&()"j' Z#' *@$-' -*>)JM' B"' )"3$)")' *%' I%3>-' %#' *@"' F&%<%*"&' &":$%#'%I'*@$-':"#"'4"3.>-"'F&",$%>-'-*>)$"-'x|.R$<.'"*'./;M'1565i' u.3L-%#' "*' ./;M' 1566y' @.,"' -@%B#' *@.*' $*-' *&.#-3&$F9%#' B.-' F.&93>/.&/J' ._"3*");' G@$-' @.-' #%B' 4""#' 3/.&$U")' $#' *@"' K$-3>--$%#'-"39%#'%I'%>&'<.#>-3&$F*'XA.:"'6PM'H$#"'1gp1nY;'
  91. 91. A""&'b",$"B' Q#B&#O#.!0'88#-7N'@:.',;-:348'$33=.7'A34'I3$"!34I:%8!8'%&'-:.' I43!3-.4'4.F%3&'3A'-:.'F.&.O':3B.2.4J'-:."'7%7&P-'.2,$;,-.'-:.' ;&-4,&8$,-.7' 4.F%3&89' @:,-' %8' 3&.' 3A' !"' #3&#.4&8' ,C3;-' -:%8' !.-:373$3F"9' “Hidden” questions %")9&()"j' Z#' *@$-' -*>)JM' B"' )"3$)")' *%' I%3>-' %#' *@"' F&%<%*"&' &":$%#'%I'*@$-':"#"'4"3.>-"'F&",$%>-'-*>)$"-'x|.R$<.'"*'./;M'1565i' u.3L-%#' "*' ./;M' 1566y' @.,"' -@%B#' *@.*' $*-' *&.#-3&$F9%#' B.-' F.&93>/.&/J' ._"3*");' G@$-' @.-' #%B' 4""#' 3/.&$U")' $#' *@"' K$-3>--$%#'-"39%#'%I'%>&'<.#>-3&$F*'XA.:"'6PM'H$#"'1gp1nY;' %"A;);&()$ X&23<&($ KA;4"(2"$
  92. 92. Summary 1#++&'-!2! !  X&>;23::6$91")"(<(>$;(?&153<&($;($6&/1$53(/)21;90$ !  V1;<(>$"#"2<A"$3')01320)$3(4$<0:")$ !  H31>"<(>$'1&34$A"1)/)$(311&L$?&2/)"4$I&/1(3:)$ !  M:"31:6$2&55/(;23<(>$6&/1$;4"3)$;($K(>:;),$ 1#++&'-!3! !  M,&&);(>$0,"$5&)0$)/;03':"$I&/1(3:$ !  M&55/(;23<(>$L;0,$I&/1(3:$"4;0&1)$ !  c3A;>3<(>$9""1$1"A;"L$
  93. 93. Thank you! LLLD"43(W"4;<(>D2&5$ Any questions? Y&::&L$/)$&($HL;N"1$ q!&/1(3:.4A;)&1' -&L(:&34$3(4$?/10,"1$1"34;(>$ "43(W"4;<(>D2&5`/(;A3::"$ X;Z"$/)$&($Y32"'&&Z$ ?32"'&&ZD2&5`!&/1(3:.4A;)&1'

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