201310 springer colombia javiarana

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201310 springer colombia javiarana

  1. 1. !"#$%&'"()*$+,-$ !"#$%&'()$*%&' ./0,&1$.234"567$$ 80"9)$0&$+/':;23<&($8/22"))$=! +%#,-.$/'0#$1"&2$)/)'3/1"&$/#/' 4'5.*%6"&'789:' ")/#;")$,#<=.%>?@/1"&$/#/'
  2. 2. About Jeff… AB*C%&' !"#$%&'()$*%&' +""&'&"1$"D"&' "#$$!%&'$'()! *&++,#!#-(&-##.&-(! /#,.'+0&#-0#!
  3. 3. Why publish in English? !  =(0"1(3<&(3:$:3(>/3>"$&?$3234"5;2)$ !  @/;:4$3($;(0"1(3<&(3:$1"9/03<&($ !  -"A":&9$;(0"1(3<&(3:$2&::3'&13<&()$ !  BA"1)"3)$1")"312,$&99&10/(;<")$
  4. 4. CD  E3(/)21;90$)01/20/1"$ FD  .')01320)$3(4$<0:")$ GD  H31>"<(>$0,"$I&/1(3:$ JD  K#"2<A"$L1;<(>' Today’s Presentation CD  !&/1(3:$)":"2<&($ FD  M&A"1$:"N"1)$ GD  +""1$1"A;"L$ 1#++&'-!2! 1#++&'-!3!
  5. 5. 45-,+0.&67!+7.,07,.#! Section 1
  6. 6. E%1"&/<"'/#)' !*/F#<'+G/#' H/#B2.&$I*' 2*&B.*B&"' IMRaD "  A62*&/.*' "  =#*&%)B.,%#' "  E"*C%)2$$ "  %"2BG*2' "  3#)' "  -$2.B22$%#' JC"'6"<$##$#< JC"'"#) JC"'>$))G"
  7. 7. E%1"&/<"'/#)' !*/F#<'+G/#' H/#B2.&$I*' 2*&B.*B&"' Introduction O"("13:$;(01&4/2<&($ 89"2;P2$3;5)$A$>2' M/11"(0$)030"$&?$0,"$P":4$ +1&':"5$;($0,"$P":4$ 8"2&(4316$;(01&4/2<&($ M/11"(0$)030"$&?$0,"$P":4$ +1&':"5$;($0,"$P":4$
  8. 8. E%1"&/<"'/#)' !*/F#<'+G/#' H/#B2.&$I*' 2*&B.*B&"' Introduction – flow of information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`".*%&P'*/&<",#<'$*'L%&'B6$a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b%D"1"&P' #%#R2>/GG'."GG'GB#<'./#."&2'YU!EKEZP'*C"'>%2*'.%>>%#'*MI"'%L'GB#<'./#."&P'&/&"GM'C/&6%&'/01'%&'*+#,-.&%&'>B*/,%#2='c/*C"&P'/6"&&/#*'V#*'/.,1$*M'$#'GB#<' ./#."&'$2'G$#O")'*%'$#.&"/2")'"^I&"22$%#'%L'BI2*&"/>'V#*'2$<#/G$#<'"`".*%&2'2B.C'/2'N1G'%&')".&"/2")'"^I&"22$%#'%L'V#*'/#*/<%#$2*2'2B.C'/2'V#*R$#C$6$*%&M' L/.*%&'9'YV$LR9Z='' (`".,1"'IC/&>/.%G%<$./G'$#C$6$*%&2'%L'*C"'V#*'I/*CD/M'C/1"'%#GM'&"."#*GM'6".%>"'/1/$G/6G"='!.&""#2'L%&'2>/GGR>%G".BG"'/#*/<%#$2*2'%L'*C"'V#*'I/*CD/M' L%B#)'*D%'"#;M>"2'*%'6"'O"M'>")$/*%&2'%L'V#*'2$<#/G$#<='JC"2"'/&"'I%GMRAN+R&$6%2"'I%GM>"&/2"'Y+Ac+Z'"#;M>"2P'*/#OM&/2"'YJU]!Z'9'/#)'JU]!7P'DC$.C' /d/.C'I%GMRAN+R&$6%2"'Y+AcZ'%#*%'2B62*&/*"'I&%*"$#2='JC"$&'&%G"2'$#'&"<BG/,#<'*"G%>"&/2"'LB#.,%#'/#)'>$*%,.'2I$#)G"'L%&>/,%#'/&"'O#%D#P'6B*'*C"$&'&%G"'$#' +Ac2MG/,#<'/^$#'2%'/2'*%'>/$#*/$#'*C"'%I,>/G'G"1"G'L%&'./#%#$./G'V#*'2$<#/G$#<'C/2'%#GM'&"."#*GM'6""#'&".%<#$;")='JC"'.%>I%B#)2'$)"#,-")'$#'*C"2"' 2.&""#2P'eAfg:gP'[VcR9'"^%P'/#)'[VcR9'"#)%P'/.*'6M'2I".$-./GGM'$#C$6$,#<'*C"'+Ac+'/.,1$*M'%L'JU]!9'/#)'JU]!7='[VcR"^%'$2'/'2*"&"%$2%>"&'%L'[VcR9'"#)%' D$*C'h94RL%G)'G%D"&'(EQ8='+Ac+'$#C$6$,%#'$2'/'*&/.*/6G"'IC/&>/.%G%<$./G'*/&<"*'%&'2%23P'/2'/#*/<%#$2*2'%L'%*C"&'+Ac+'C%>%G%<2'"^"&*'/#,#"%IG/2,.'&"2I%#2"2' $#'6&"/2*'/#)'%1/&$/#'./#."&P'/2'&"1$"D")='' JC$2'2*B)M'"^IG%&")'*C"'CMI%*C"2$2'*C/*'$#C$6$,%#'%L'JU]!'6M'IC/&>/.%G%<$./G'%&'<"#",.'>"/#2'D%BG)'$#C$6$*'GB#<'./#."&'<&%D*C$%&'2%-43'/#)'%&'2%23'$#' .G$#$./GGMR&"G"1/#*'*&/#2<"#$.'>%B2"'>%)"G2'%L'GB#<'./#."&'*C/*'D"&"'I&"1$%B2GM')"1"G%I")P'/2'&"1$"D")=' O"("13:$;(01&4/2<&($ 8"2&(4316$;(01&4/2<&($ B'I"2<A")$ iB2.C'"*'/G='iHE'E/#."&='7897j'9:k'799='
  9. 9. E%1"&/<"'/#)' !*/F#<'+G/#' H/#B2.&$I*' 2*&B.*B&"' Methods Q&L$;0$L3)$ 4&("$ O"("13:$5"0,&4)$ 89"2;P2$0"2,(;R/")$ S4;)2/))$2&(01&:)T$ -303$3(3:6);)$ U/3(<P23<&($5"0,&4)$ 803<)<23:$0")0)$ V,30$L3)$ /)"4$ 8359:")$&1$931<2;93(0)$ E30"1;3:)$ Q&L$;0$L3)$ 3(3:6W"4$ 1,+!897':'+!.#;#<5-!+,!:&+#='!#>6#.&8#-75$!
  10. 10. E%1"&/<"'/#)' !*/F#<'+G/#' H/#B2.&$I*' 2*&B.*B&"' Results CD  =(;<3:$&')"1A3<&($ FD  M,31320"1;W3<&($ GD  .99:;23<&($ K32,$)/')"2<&($ 2&11")9&(4)$0&$$ '-#!P>/1"$ V,30$6&/$?&/(4*$-'7$ L,30$;0$5"3()! X&>;23:$91")"(03<&($ 8/')"2<&()$ Y320/3:$4")21;9<&($ ?.#+#-7#!+,+!.#+,$75:'+!#-!,-!'.:#-!$@(&0'!
  11. 11. E%1"&/<"'/#)' !*/F#<'+G/#' H/#B2.&$I*' 2*&B.*B&"' Discussion 8/55316$&?$P(4;(>)$ %":"A3(2"$&?$ P(4;(>)$ =59:;23<&()$?&1$$ 0,"$P":4$
  12. 12. E%1"&/<"'/#)' !*/F#<'+G/#' H/#B2.&$I*' 2*&B.*B&"' ' ' ' 'A22"22>"#*'%L'$)"#,*M')"1"G%I>"#*'/G&"/)M'$#'/)%G"2."#."'$2'$>I%&*/#*'*%'2*B)M')"1"G%I>"#*/G'I/*C2'$#'<"#"&/G'/#)'*%'"#/6G"'1/G$)'.%#.GB2$%#2' /6%B*'2I".$-.'I/*C%G%<$./G'&$2O2l'JC"'!D$22R"&>/#RA>"&$./#'aB"2,%##/$&"'/5(/'I&%1$)"2'/'&"G$/6G"'/#)'1/G$)'/22"22>"#*'%L'*C"'.%>IG"^'.%#2*&B.*' mI/*C%G%<MR&"G/*")'$)"#,*M'$#*"<&/,%#'12='$)"#,*M')$`B2$%#n'$#'/)%G"2."#*2'6M'$#*"<&/,#<')$`"&"#*'*C"%&",./G'/II&%/.C"2'/#)'/'&"/2%#/6G"'2*&B.*B&"' %L'O#%D#'2B6.%#2*&B.*2='f/G$)'/22"22>"#*'*%%G2'>B2*'/G2%'>""*'*C"'&"aB$&">"#*2'%L'$#*"&#/,%#/G'B2/6$G$*M'$#'.&%22R.BG*B&/G'2*B)$"2'Y"=<='/2')"2.&$6")'6M' *C"'[#*"&#/,%#/G'J"2*'E%>>$22$%#ZP'*%'>%)"G')$`"&"#*'IC"#%*MI"2'$#')$`"&"#*'.BG*B&"2'/#)'*%'"#/6G"'1/G$)'.%>I/&$2%#2'%L'$)"#,*M')"1"G%I>"#*'$#' )$`"&"#*'2%.$","2'6M'I&%1$)$#<'*&B"'"aB$1/G"#."'$#'.%#*"#*'%L'*C"'/22"22>"#*'*%%G=' ' ' ' ' 'JC"'!I/#$2C'.BG*B&"R/)/I*")'*&/#2G/,%#'%L'/5(/'2C%D")'<%%)'I2M.C%>"*&$.'I&%I"&,"2'$#'*C"'H"^$./#'2/>IG"P'D$*C'2$>$G/&'I/d"&#2'$#'&"2BG*2' .%>I/&")'*%'*C"'%&$<$#/G'1"&2$%#='V"'.%#.GB)"'*C/*'/GG'.%#2*&B.*2'/#)'2B6.%#2*&B.*2'.%#*/$#")'$#'*C"'A[NA'>%)"G'*%'.%#2,*B*"'m$)"#,*M')"1"G%I>"#*n' C/)'6""#'2B.."22LBGGM'*&/#2I%2")'$#*%'*C"'m!I/#$2CR2I"/O$#<'.BG*B&"n'D$*C'<%%)'.%#*"#*'"aB$1/G"#."='' '''''E%>I/&")'*%'*C"'"&>/#'$*">2'%L'/5(/P'*C"'!I/#$2C'$*">2'2"">")'*%'6"'m"/2$"&'*%'/#2D"&'$#'/'2M>I*%>/,.'D/MnP'$="='*%'2/M'mM"2n'.%)")'*%D/&)2' $)"#,*M')$`B2$%#'$#'*C"'H"^$./#'2.C%%G'2/>IG"='VC$G"'$#'*C"'"&>/#'2/>IG"P'*C"'>"/#'I"&."#*/<"'%L'2M>I*%>/,.'/#2D"&2'YI$Z'D/2':8T'/#)'78'%L'*C"' Qo'$*">2'2C%D")'/'I"&."#*/<"'6"G%D'98TP'$#'*C"'H"^$./#'2/>IG"'*C"'>"/#'I$'D/2'48T'/#)'%#GM':'$*">2'2C%D")'/#'"^*&">"'1/GB"'L%&'m)$F.BG*M'*%'6"' /#2D"&")'D$*C'M"2n'D$*C'/'I$'6"G%D'98T='JC$2'>"/#2'*C/*'*C"'$*">2'D"&"'$#'<"#"&/G'>%&"')$F.BG*'*%'/#2D"&'D$*C'mM"2n'$#'*C"'"&>/#'1"&2$%#'*C/#'$#' *C"'H"^$./#'1"&2$%#'%L'/5(/='JCB2P'2.%&"')$`"&"#."2'6"*D""#'H"^$./#'/#)'"&>/#'/)%G"2."#*2'./##%*'6"'$#*"&I&"*")')$&".*GM'/2')$`"&"#*'G"1"G2'%L' $)"#,*M')$`B2$%#'6"./B2"'2.%&"'"aB$1/G"#."'./##%*'6"'/22B>")='JC"&"L%&"P'I%IBG/,%#'#%&>2P'"=<='JR1/GB"2'"^*&/.*")'L&%>'&"I&"2"#*/,1"'I%IBG/,%#2P' C/1"'*%'6"'B2")'L%&'1/G$)'.%>I/&$2%#2'%L'2/>IG"2'.%#."&#$#<'*C"$&'mG"1"G2'%L'$)"#,*M')"1"G%I>"#*n='' '''''AGG'!I/#$2C'A[NA'$*">2'>/*.C")'*C"'.&$*"&$%#'L%&'$*">'6$/2'/#)'I&%1")'*%'6"'m/<"'/#)'<"#)"&'L/$&n'$#'*C"'H"^$./#'2*B)M='JC$2'/<&""2'D"GG'D$*C'*C"' &"2BG*2'$#'*C"'"&>/#'2*B)M='JC"'.G/22$./G'"^/>IG"'L%&'"^IG/$#$#<'m$*">'L/$&#"22n'$2'*C"'m2%.."&'$*">nk'$*'D%BG)'6"'B#L/$&'*%'@B)<"'*C"'L&"aB"#.M'%L' <"#"&/G'ICM2$./G'/.,1$*M'6M'/2O$#<'mb%D'%p"#')%'M%B'IG/M'2%.."&n'6"./B2"'<$&G2'B2B/GGM')%'#%*'G$O"'*C$2'</>"'/2'>B.C'/2'6%M2')%='$&G2'D%BG)'I&%6/6GM' 2/M'm#"1"&n'>%&"'%p"#P'/#)'*C"&"L%&"'D%BG)'6"'@B)<")'L/G2"GM'/2'mICM2$./GGM'$#/.,1"n'$#'.%#*&/2*'*%'*C"'6%M2='A2'/GG'A[NA'$*">2'./#'6"'&"</&)")'/2' <"#)"&'/#)'/<"'L/$&P')$`"&"#."2'%#'*C"'2.%&"'G"1"G'6"*D""#'<"#)"&'/#)'/<"'<&%BI2'./#'6"'$#*"&I&"*")'/2'*&B"')"1"G%I>"#*/G')$`"&"#."2='' '''''A'G$>$*/,%#'%L'*C"'2*B)M'$2'*C"'G/.O'%L'I2M.C$/*&$.')$2%&)"&'/22"22>"#*'$#'*C"'2.C%%G'2/>IG"='i/2")'%#'"I$)">$%G%<$./G'2*B)$"2P'D"'/22B>")'*C/*'BI'*%' 9QR78T'%L'*C$2'&"I&"2"#*/,1"'2/>IG"'%L'/)%G"2."#*2'>/M'"^C$6$*'>$#%&'*%'>/@%&'2$<#2'%L'>"#*/G'I&%6G">2='b%D"1"&P'D$*C%B*'"#&$.C>"#*'D$*C'/'.G$#$./G' 2B62/>IG"')$2IG/M$#<'"^*&">"&'G"1"G2'%L'$)"#,*M')$`B2$%#P'*C"'C"*"&%<"#"$*M'%L'*C"'2/>IG"'L%&'"1/GB/,#<'*C"'6/2$.'I2M.C%>"*&$.'I&%I"&,"2'%L'*C"' !I/#$2C'/5(/'$2'#%*'%I,>/G='!$>$G/&GMP'/'*&B"'.G$#$./G'2/>IG"'%L'I/,"#*2'D$*C')"-#")')$/<#%2"2'D%BG)'6"'>%&"'$#L%&>/,1"'L%&'.%>I/&$#<'*C"$&'A[NA' 2.%&"2'D$*C'*C%2"'%L'*C"'2.C%%G'2/>IG"'$#'%&)"&'*%'"1/GB/*"'.&$*"&$%#'1/G$)$*M='J%'"^*&/.*'I%IBG/,%#'#%&>2'L%&'H"^$.%P'/'&"I&"2"#*/,1"'2/>IG"'D$*C'/' C$<C"&'I/&,.$I/,%#'&/*"'$2'#"")")'D$*C'/)"aB/*"'2/>IG"'2$;"'$#'*C"')$`"&"#*'*/&<"*")'<&%BI2'L%&'<"#)"&'/#)'/<"='' '''''JC"'!I/#$2C'1"&2$%#'%L'/5(/'2C%D")'<%%)'I2M.C%>"*&$.'I&%I"&,"2'$#'H"^$.%'/#)'./#'6"'B2")'*%'/22"22'*C"'.%#2*&B.*'mI/*C%G%<MR&"G/*")'$)"#,*M' $#*"<&/,%#'12=')$`B2$%#n'D$*C'&"G$/6$G$*MP'1/G$)$*MP'/#)'.%#*"#*'"aB$1/G"#."'$#'.%>I/&$2%#'D$*C'*C"'%&$<$#/G'A[NA'aB"2,%##/$&"='JC$2'-#)$#<'2BII%&*2'*C"' .&%22R.BG*B&/G'<"#"&/G$;/6$G$*M'%L'*C"'B#)"&GM$#<'.%#."I*'/#)'.%#-&>2'*C"'$>I%&*/#."'%L'.BG*B&"R2I".$-.'*"2*'/)/I,%#'$#'/))$,%#'*%'G$*"&/G'*&/#2G/,%#'%L' *C"'aB"2,%##/$&"='U"1"&*C"G"22P'2%>"'$*">2'2C%BG)'6"'$>I&%1")='JC"&"L%&"P'*C"'*"2*'1"&2$%#'%L'm/5(/'!I/#$2C'q'H"^$.%n'2C%BG)'6"'LB&*C"&'/)/I*")'/#)' 2C%BG)'6"'*"2*")'$#'/'>%&"'C"*"&%<"#"%B2'I%IBG/,%#='' ]/22$#'"*'/G='EC$G)'A)%G"2.'+2M.C$/*&M'H"#*'b"/G*C'789:j'Wk7Q=' Discussion – flow of information i/.O<&%B#)' M&(2:/);&($ +1&':"5$ c"G"1/#."' +1"A;&/)$)0/4;")$ X;5;03<&()$ [>IG$./,%#2' =59:;23<&()$ M&(2:/);&($ Y/0/1"$4;1"2<&()$
  13. 13. E%1"&/<"'/#)' !*/F#<'+G/#' H/#B2.&$I*' 2*&B.*B&"' Linking your ideas O"("13:$'32Z>1&/(4$ B'I"2<A")$ E"0,&4&:&>6$ %")/:0)$3(4$P>/1")$ 8/55316$&?$P(4;(>)$ =59:;23<&()$?&1$0,"$P":4$ %":"A3(2"$&?$P(4;(>)$ [(&L:"4>"$>39)$ A-$50#!$@(&058#-7#!+,+!&:#5+!#-!+,!&-B#+C(50&@-! M/11"(0$)030"$&?$0,"$P":4$ =(01&4/2<&($ E"0,&4)$ %")/:0)$ -;)2/));&($
  14. 14. D%+7.507+! Section 2
  15. 15. A62*&/.*2' Important points Y;1)0$;591"));&($ &?$6&/1$939"1$ =59&103(2"$&?$ 6&/1$1")/:0)$ 3:;4;06$&?$6&/1$ 2&(2:/);&()$ %":"A3(2"$&?$$ 6&/1$3;5)$ !/4>"$6&/1$ L1;<(>$)06:"$ +1&'3':6$&(:6$9310$ 0,30$L;::$'"$1"34$
  16. 16. E%1"&/<"'/#)' !*/F#<'+G/#' H/#B2.&$I*' 2*&B.*B&"' Sections of an abstract .;5)$ @32Z>1&/(4$ E"0,&4)$ %")/:0)$ M&(2:/);&($ V,6$0,"$)0/46$L3)$4&("$SF]^T$ _&/1$,69&0,");)$SC]^T$ H"2,(;R/")$SC]^T$ E&)0$;59&103(0$P(4;(>)$SJ]^T$ M&(2:/);&(`;59:;23<&()$SF]^T$ "'-0&+#!+,885.)!'E!)',.!.#+#5.0F!
  17. 17. A62*&/.*2' Unstructured abstract 5B&'B#)"&2*/#)$#<'%L'*C"'>".C/#$2>2'6M'DC$.C')B.*2'/#)'G%6BG"2')"1"G%I'$2')"&$1")'L&%>' >%)"G' %&</#$2>2' /#)' *C&""R)$>"#2$%#/G' Y:NZ' ."GG' .BG*B&"' >%)"G2' DC"&"$#' >/>>/G$/#' "I$*C"G$/G' ."GG2' B#)"&<%' >%&IC%<"#"2$2' *%' L%&>' >BG,."GGBG/&' 2IC"&"2' D$*C' /' C%GG%D' ."#*&/G' GB>"#='b%D"1"&P'*C"'>".C/#%ICM2$./G'I&%I"&,"2'/22%.$/*")'D$*C'"I$*C"G$/G'>%&IC%<"#"2$2' /&"'I%%&GM'B#)"&2*%%)='V"'I"&L%&>")'>BG,)$>"#2$%#/G'G$1"R."GG'$>/<$#<'/#/GM2$2'*%'*&/.O'*C"' >%&IC%<"#",.' I&%."22' 2*/&,#<' L&%>' /' 2$#<G"' ."GG' *%' *C"' )"1"G%I>"#*' %L' /' >BG,."GGBG/&P' 2IC"&$./G' 2*&B.*B&"' .%>I%2")' %L' I%G/&$;")' "I$*C"G$/G' ."GG2' 2B&&%B#)$#<' /' C%GG%D' GB>"#=' V"' &"I%&*'*C/*'$#'/))$,%#'*%'/.,1"GM'>/$#*/$#$#<'/I$.%6/2/G'I%G/&$*MP'*C"'2*&B.*B&"2'B#)"&D"#*' &%*/,%#/G'>%,%#2'/*'&/*"2'%L'9Qq78'r>?C'/#)'*C"'2*&B.*B&"2'&%*/*")':S8s'"1"&M'4'C')B&$#<' *C"'"/&GM'IC/2"'%L'>%&IC%<"#"2$2='c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aB"'>".C/#%ICM2$./G'I&%."22'%62"&1")')B&$#<'#%&>/G':N'>%&IC%<"#"2$2' *C/*'&"<BG/*"2'G/>$#$#'>/*&$^'/22">6GM'/#)'$2'G%2*'$#'./#."&R)"&$1")'"I$*C"G$/G'."GG2=' V/#<'"*'/G='+UA!='789:j'998k'9S: 9So='
  18. 18. A62*&/.*2' Unstructured abstract M&(2:/);&($JCB2P'.%%&)$#/*")'&%*/,%#/G'>%1">"#*'$2'/'B#$aB"'>".C/#%ICM2$./G'I&%."22'%62"&1")')B&$#<'#%&>/G' :N'>%&IC%<"#"2$2'*C/*'&"<BG/*"2'G/>$#$#'>/*&$^'/22">6GM'/#)'$2'G%2*'$#'./#."&R)"&$1")'"I$*C"G$/G'."GG2=' %")/:0)$ V"' &"I%&*' *C/*' $#' /))$,%#' *%' /.,1"GM' >/$#*/$#$#<' /I$.%6/2/G' I%G/&$*MP' *C"' 2*&B.*B&"2' B#)"&D"#*' &%*/,%#/G'>%,%#2'/*'&/*"2'%L'9Qq78'r>?C'/#)'*C"'2*&B.*B&"2'&%*/*")':S8s'"1"&M'4'C')B&$#<'*C"'"/&GM' IC/2"'%L'>%&IC%<"#"2$2='c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b%D"1"&P' *C"' >".C/#%ICM2$./G'I&%I"&,"2'/22%.$/*")'D$*C'"I$*C"G$/G'>%&IC%<"#"2$2'/&"'I%%&GM'B#)"&2*%%)='' V/#<'"*'/G='+UA!='789:j'998k'9S: 9So=' K)21;'3$)/$1")"a3$$ "($)"22;&(")$
  19. 19. A62*&/.*2' Writing your abstract V"' &"I%&*' *C/*' $#' /))$,%#' *%' /.,1"GM' >/$#*/$#$#<' /I$.%6/2/G' I%G/&$*MP' *C"' 2*&B.*B&"2' B#)"&D"#*'&%*/,%#/G'>%,%#2'/*'&/*"2'%L'9Qq78'r>?C'/#)'*C"'2*&B.*B&"2'&%*/*")':S8s' "1"&M'4'C')B&$#<'*C"'"/&GM'IC/2"'%L'>%&IC%<"#"2$2='c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j'998k'9S: 9So=' G'+!.#+,$75:'+!+'-!$'+!:#+0,%.&8&#-7'+!8H+!&86'.75-7#+!
  20. 20. A62*&/.*2' Writing your abstract 5B&'B#)"&2*/#)$#<'%L'*C"'>".C/#$2>2'6M'DC$.C')B.*2'/#)'G%6BG"2')"1"G%I'$2')"&$1")' L&%>' >%)"G' %&</#$2>2' /#)' *C&""R)$>"#2$%#/G' Y:NZ' ."GG' .BG*B&"' >%)"G2' DC"&"$#' >/>>/G$/#'"I$*C"G$/G'."GG2'B#)"&<%'>%&IC%<"#"2$2'*%'L%&>'>BG,."GGBG/&'2IC"&"2'D$*C'/' C%GG%D' ."#*&/G' GB>"#=' b%D"1"&P' *C"' >".C/#%ICM2$./G' I&%I"&,"2' /22%.$/*")' D$*C' "I$*C"G$/G'>%&IC%<"#"2$2'/&"'I%%&GM'B#)"&2*%%)='' V1;0"$0,"$'32Z>1&/(4$)"2<&($)"2&(4$ V/#<'"*'/G='+UA!='789:j'998k'9S: 9So=' G'+!5-7#0#:#-7#+!#>6$&05-!6'.!I,9!+,!#+7,:&'!:#%#!F50#.+#' +1&':"5$
  21. 21. A62*&/.*2' Writing your abstract V"'I"&L%&>")'>BG,)$>"#2$%#/G'G$1"R."GG'$>/<$#<'/#/GM2$2'*%'*&/.O'*C"'>%&IC%<"#",.' I&%."22' 2*/&,#<' L&%>' /' 2$#<G"' ."GG' *%' *C"' )"1"G%I>"#*' %L' /' >BG,."GGBG/&P' 2IC"&$./G' 2*&B.*B&"'.%>I%2")'%L'I%G/&$;")'"I$*C"G$/G'."GG2'2B&&%B#)$#<'/'C%GG%D'GB>"#='' V1;0"$0,"$5"0,&4)$)"2<&($0,;14$ V/#<'"*'/G='+UA!='789:j'998k'9S: 9So=' G'+!897':'+!+'-!$5+!790-&05+!(#-#.5$#+!
  22. 22. A62*&/.*2' Writing your abstract JCB2P' .%%&)$#/*")' &%*/,%#/G' >%1">"#*' $2' /' B#$aB"' >".C/#%ICM2$./G' I&%."22' %62"&1")')B&$#<'#%&>/G':N'>%&IC%<"#"2$2'*C/*'&"<BG/*"2'G/>$#$#'>/*&$^'/22">6GM' /#)'$2'G%2*'$#'./#."&R)"&$1")'"I$*C"G$/G'."GG2=' V1;0"$0,"$2&(2:/);&($)"2<&($:3)0$ Q&L"A"1*$ 0,"$ 5"2,3(&9,6);23:$ 91&9"1<")$ 3))&2;30"4$ L;0,$ "9;0,":;3:$5&19,&>"(");)$31"$9&&1:6$/(4"1)0&&4D$ V/#<'"*'/G='+UA!='789:j'998k'9S: 9So=' G5!0'-0$,+&@-!:#%#!5%'.:5.!#$!6.'%$#85! M&(2:/);&($ =59:;23<&()$
  23. 23. A62*&/.*2' Writing your abstract JCB2P' .%%&)$#/*")' &%*/,%#/G' >%1">"#*' $2' /' B#$aB"' >".C/#%ICM2$./G' I&%."22' %62"&1")' )B&$#<' #%&>/G' :N' >%&IC%<"#"2$2' *C/*' &"<BG/*"2' G/>$#$#' >/*&$^' /22">6GM' /#)' $2' G%2*' $#' ./#."&R)"&$1")' "I$*C"G$/G'."GG2=' V"' &"I%&*' *C/*' $#' /))$,%#' *%' /.,1"GM' >/$#*/$#$#<' /I$.%6/2/G' I%G/&$*MP' *C"' 2*&B.*B&"2' B#)"&D"#*' &%*/,%#/G'>%,%#2'/*'&/*"2'%L'9Qq78'r>?C'/#)'*C"'2*&B.*B&"2'&%*/*")':S8s'"1"&M'4'C')B&$#<'*C"'"/&GM' IC/2"'%L'>%&IC%<"#"2$2='c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b%D"1"&P'*C"' >".C/#%ICM2$./G'I&%I"&,"2'/22%.$/*")'D$*C'"I$*C"G$/G'>%&IC%<"#"2$2'/&"'I%%&GM'B#)"&2*%%)='' V/#<'"*'/G='+UA!='789:j'998k'9S: 9So='
  24. 24. A62*&/.*2' Writing your abstract 5B&'B#)"&2*/#)$#<'%L'*C"'>".C/#$2>2'6M'DC$.C')B.*2'/#)'G%6BG"2')"1"G%I'$2')"&$1")'L&%>'>%)"G' %&</#$2>2' /#)' *C&""R)$>"#2$%#/G' Y:NZ' ."GG' .BG*B&"' >%)"G2' DC"&"$#' >/>>/G$/#' "I$*C"G$/G' ."GG2' B#)"&<%'>%&IC%<"#"2$2'*%'L%&>'>BG,."GGBG/&'2IC"&"2'D$*C'/'C%GG%D'."#*&/G'GB>"#='b%D"1"&P'*C"' >".C/#%ICM2$./G' I&%I"&,"2' /22%.$/*")' D$*C' "I$*C"G$/G' >%&IC%<"#"2$2' /&"' I%%&GM' B#)"&2*%%)=' V"' I"&L%&>")'>BG,)$>"#2$%#/G'G$1"R."GG'$>/<$#<'/#/GM2$2'*%'*&/.O'*C"'>%&IC%<"#",.'I&%."22'2*/&,#<' L&%>'/'2$#<G"'."GG'*%'*C"')"1"G%I>"#*'%L'/'>BG,."GGBG/&P'2IC"&$./G'2*&B.*B&"'.%>I%2")'%L'I%G/&$;")' "I$*C"G$/G' ."GG2' 2B&&%B#)$#<' /' C%GG%D' GB>"#=' V"' &"I%&*' *C/*' $#' /))$,%#' *%' /.,1"GM' >/$#*/$#$#<' /I$.%6/2/G'I%G/&$*MP'*C"'2*&B.*B&"2'B#)"&D"#*'&%*/,%#/G'>%,%#2'/*'&/*"2'%L'9Qq78'r>?C'/#)'*C"' 2*&B.*B&"2'&%*/*")':S8s'"1"&M'4'C')B&$#<'*C"'"/&GM'IC/2"'%L'>%&IC%<"#"2$2='c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aB"'>".C/#%ICM2$./G'I&%."22'%62"&1")')B&$#<'#%&>/G':N'>%&IC%<"#"2$2'*C/*'&"<BG/*"2'G/>$#$#' >/*&$^'/22">6GM'/#)'$2'G%2*'$#'./#."&R)"&$1")'"I$*C"G$/G'."GG2='M&(2:/);&()$ %")/:0)$ E"0,&4)$ @32Z>1&/(4$ V/#<'"*'/G='+UA!='789:j'998k'9S: 9So='
  25. 25. A62*&/.*2' =59&103(0$9&;(0)$ 8/5531;W"$Z"6$P(4;(>$ M&(03;()$Z"6L&14)$ X"))$0,3($F]$L&14)$ .A&;4$ U/")<&()$ .''1"A;3<&()$ bc"Ld$&1$b(&A":d$ Effective titles A$!J7,$'!:#%#!+#.!0'-0&+'!)!.#+,8&.!+,!F5$$5K('+!0$5B#!
  26. 26. *5.(#7!7F#!<',.-5$! Section 3
  27. 27. EB2*%>"&'!"&1$."'J/&<"*'*C"'@%B&#/G' ECG%&%ICMGG'$2'I&"2"#*'$#'>/#M'IG/#*'%&</#2P'$#.GB)$#<'$>>/*B&"' L&B$*'DC"&"'$*'$2'B2B/GGM')"<&/)")')B&$#<'&$I"#$#<='H/*B&"'<&""#' O$D$L&B$*' Y/#6&%7%,' 7.$%#%38,Z' /&"' /#' "^."I,%#P' D$*C' C$<C' .%#."#*&/,%#2' %L' .CG%&%ICMGG' &">/$#$#<' $#' *C"' L&B$*' t"2C=' [#' <%G)Rt"2C")' O$D$L&B$*' Y/9' #:%&.&8%8ZP' .CG%&%ICMGG' $2' )"<&/)")' *%' .%G%B&G"22' ./*/6%G$*"2' BI%#' L&B$*' &$I"#$#<P' G"/1$#<' M"GG%D' ./&%*"#%$)2'1$2$6G"='V"'C/1"'$)"#,-")'./#)$)/*"'<"#"2'L%&'*C"' .%#*&%G'%L'.CG%&%ICMGG')"<&/)/,%#l' +$GO$#<*%#'"*'/G='+G/#*/='7897j'7:Sk'9S9Qu9S7o=' H,"$2&(01&:$&?$2,:&1&9,6::$:"A":)$;($530/1;(>$Z;L;?1/;0$ @1&34$;(0"1")0$ @1&34$;(0"1")0$ Broad focused journal ?$5-75!
  28. 28. EB2*%>"&'!"&1$."'J/&<"*'*C"'@%B&#/G' J&/)$,%#/G'D"")'>/#/<">"#*P'2B.C'/2',GG/<"'/#)'$&&$</,%#P'C/2'G")' *%' /#' "#C/#.")' >/$#*"#/#."' %L' D"*G/#)' IG/#*' 2I".$"2' $#' L/GG%D' I/))M'-"G)2='c"."#*'C"&6$.$)"'B2/<"'/#)'$>I&%1">"#*2'$#'$&&$</,%#' /#)' )&/$#/<"' 2M2*">2' C%D"1"&' C/1"' ./B2")' C/6$*/*' G%22' %L' *C"2"' 2I".$"2P'"2I".$/GGM'$#'-"G)2'%#'%I"#'G%DG/#)2l' K#"20)$&?$<::3>"$3(4$;11;>3<&($&($0,"$&22/11"(2"$3(4$")03':;),5"(0$ &?$(3<A"$L"0:3(4$9:3(0$)9"2;")$;($?3::&L$93446$P":4)$ Narrow focused journal ?5::)!5-:!L57#.!M#B#$'68#-7! J/O/#%2"'"*'/G='+/))M'V/*"&'(#1$&%#='789:j'99k'9u4=' N#)O'.:+!E.'8!7F#!D&8+!5-:!10'6#!
  29. 29. AP#0CB#!O.&C-(! Section 4
  30. 30. (`".,1"'V&$,#<' High readability _&/1$1"34"1$),&/:4e$ f(4"1)03(4$6&/1$:&>;2$;55"4;30":6$ c&0$,3A"$0&$1"34$):&L:6$ B(:6$,3A"$0&$1"34$&(2"$
  31. 31. (`".,1"'V&$,#<' 1. Short sentences Q#5:&-(!'-0#R! J^$&?$1"34"1)$23($/(4"1)03(4$3$FghL&14$)"(0"(2"$ gi^$&?$1"34"1)$23($/(4"1)03(4$3$CghL&14$)"(0"(2"$ +$##"&'/#)'+$##"&'Y9ggoZ'13!!;&%#,63&'<=%$$8' f<:;2"$)j:&$/(3$;4"3$9&1$&132;&($ CikF]$93:3'13)$
  32. 32. (`".,1"'V&$,#<' Short sentences ST!O'.:+! H,"$ :31>")0$ 2&593(6*$ 3$ M&:&5';3($ 2&19&13<&($ ?&/(4"4$ ;($ ClCm$&/0);4"$&?$@&>30n$'6$E;>/":$Q"1(n(4"W*$L3)$2&();4"1"4$ 0&$ '"$ 3$ 5&4":$ ;($ 0,"$ 4"A":&95"(0$ &?$ 5&4"1($ "59:&6""$ 2&(4;<&()$'6$"2&(&5;)0)D$
  33. 33. (`".,1"'V&$,#<' Short sentences ST!O'.:+! H,"$ :31>")0$ 2&593(6*$ 3$ M&:&5';3($ 2&19&13<&($ ?&/(4"4$ ;($ ClCm$&/0);4"$&?$@&>30n$'6$E;>/":$Q"1(n(4"W*$L3)$2&();4"1"4$ 0&$ '"$ 3$ 5&4":$ ;($ 0,"$ 4"A":&95"(0$ &?$ 5&4"1($ "59:&6""$ 2&(4;<&()$'6$"2&(&5;)0)D$
  34. 34. (`".,1"'V&$,#<' Short sentences K2&(&5;)0)$2&();4"1"4$0,"$:31>")0$2&593(6$0&$'"$3$5&4":$;($ 0,"$ 4"A":&95"(0$ &?$ 5&4"1($ "59:&6""$ 2&(4;<&()D$ H,;)$ 2&593(6$ L3)$ 3$ M&:&5';3($ 2&19&13<&($ ?&/(4"4$ ;($ ClCm$ &/0);4"$&?$@&>30n$'6$E;>/":$Q"1(n(4"WD$ 2U!O'.:+! 2V!O'.:+! W-#!&:#5!6#.!+#-7#-0#!
  35. 35. (`".,1"'V&$,#<' 2. Active voice 8"(0"(2")$L1;N"($;($0,"$32<A"$A&;2"$31"7$ +&86$#! :&.#07! 0$#5.! #5+)!7'!.#5:! H,"$5"2,3(;)5)$1">/:3<(>$0/5&1$>1&L0,$L"1"$;(A")<>30"4D$ ?5++&B#! V"$;(A")<>30"4$0,"$5"2,3(;)5)$1">/:3<(>$0/5&1$>1&L0,D$ D0CB#! XC$&0#!$5!B'K!50CB5!65.5!+#.!8H+!:&.#07'+!
  36. 36. (`".,1"'V&$,#<' Active voice is preferred m02"'*C"'50CB#!B'&0#!DC"#'$*'$2'G"22'D%&)M'/#)'>%&"' )$&".*'*C/#'*C"'I/22$1"n='Y:&)'")=P'I<='47Z' m02"'*C"'50CB#!B'&0#!&/*C"&'*C/#'*C"'I/22$1"'1%$."ln='' DDD=/I/2*MG"=%&<?G"/&#?L/a2?"`".,1"R1"&6RB2"=/2I^' mA2'/'>/d"&'%L'2*MG"P'I/22$1"'1%$."'$2'*MI$./GGMP'6B*'#%*' /GD/M2P'$#L"&$%&'*%'50CB#!B'&0#n='Y9Q*C'")=P'I<='9WWZ' m[#'<"#"&/GP'/B*C%&2'2C%BG)'B2"'*C"'50CB#!B'&0#ln=' Y98*C'")=P'I<=':78Z' D"1!17)$#!Y,&:#! D?D!17)$#!! "F&05('!17)$#! Y,&:#! D4D!45-,5$!'E! 17)$#!
  37. 37. (`".,1"'V&$,#<' 3. Stress position G'+!$#07'.#+!+#!0#-7.5-!#-!#$!Z-5$!:#!$5!'.50&'-! 65.5!&:#-CZ05.!$'!I,#!#+!&86'.75-7#! CD  _&/$4")"1A"$3$13;)"*$'/0$0,"$'/4>"0$;)$<>,0D$ V,;2,$)"(0"(2"$)/>>")0)$0,30$6&/$$ O&$$$>"0$3$13;)"o$ FD  H,"$'/4>"0$;)$<>,0*$'/0$6&/$4")"1A"$3$13;)"D$ CdIk??D&$,#<."#*"&=B#.=")B?C/#)%B*2?t%D?'
  38. 38. (`".,1"'V&$,#<' Stress position H,"$'/4>"0$;)$<>,0*$'/0$6&/$4")"1A"$3$13;)"D$_&/1$)3:316$ L;::$;(21"3)"$30$0,"$'">;((;(>$&?$("p0$6"31D$ X3$9&);2;j($4"$0"();j($4"'"$;(01&4/2;1$$ ":$0"53$4"$:3$);>/;"(0"$&132;&$ CdIk??D&$,#<."#*"&=B#.=")B?C/#)%B*2?t%D?' 801"))$9&);<&($ H&9;2$9&);<&($ G5!6'+&0&@-!:#$!7#85!&:#-CZ05!:#!I,9!7.575!$5!'.50&@-!
  39. 39. (`".,1"'V&$,#<' 4. Topic position *F#! 65C#-7! L"(0$ 0&$ 0,"$ ,&)9;03:$ 0&$ )""$ 3$ (5+7.'#-7#.'$'(&+7D$*F#!:'07'.!0,"($9"1?&15"4$3$)"1;")$ &?$ :&5(-'+C0! 7#+7+D$ *F#! .#+,$7+! ),&L"4$ 0,"$ 93<"(0$ )/#"1"4$ ?1&5$ 3$ %507#.&5$! &-E#0C'-D! D-C%&'C0+! L"1"$ 91")21;'"4$ 0&$ 01"30$ 0,"$ ;(?"2<&($ '"?&1"$ 0,"$ 93<"(0$ 4"A":&9"4$3($,$0#.D$$ $)"/ $)"/$)"/$)"/ J%I$.'G$#O 2"#*"#." FDi$<5")$5&1"$2&55&($;($K(>:;),$0,3($;($893(;),$ !$>I2%#'3H='3'!".%#)'K/#<'V&$*='7888j'gk'7g:q:8g='
  40. 40. (`".,1"'V&$,#<' X/(>$ 23(2"1$ ;)$ 0,"$ :"34;(>$ 23/)"$ &?$ 23(2"1$ 5&103:;06$ ?&1$ 5"($ 3(4$ L&5"(D$ -")9;0"$ )5&Z;(>$ 91"A"(<&($ 3(4$ 2"))3<&($91&>135)e$ec"L$L36)$0&$01"30$&1$91"A"(0$:/(>$ 23(2"1$31"$0,"1"?&1"$(""4"4D$ B("$9&0"(<3:$0,"139"/<2$031>"0$?&1$:/(>$23(2"1$;)$0,"$V(0$ );>(3:;(>$930,L36D$H,"$23(&(;23:$V(0$);>(3:;(>$930,L36$;($ 53553:)$2&();)0)$&?$3e$ iB2.C'"*'/G='iHE'E/#."&='7897j'9:k'799=' H&9;2$)"(0"(2"$ H&9;2$)"(0"(2"$ 801"))$)"(0"(2"$ f<:;2"$:3$9&);2;&($4"$$0"();j($6$0"53$$"($)/$")21;0&$4"$ 53("13$:j>;23$3:$91")"(031$:3$;(?&1532;j($ Manuscript structure
  41. 41. Thank you! LLLD"43(W"4;<(>D2&5$ Any questions? Y&::&L$/)$&($HL;N"1$ q!&/1(3:.4A;)&1' X;Z"$/)$&($Y32"'&&Z$ ?32"'&&ZD2&5`!&/1(3:.4A;)&1' -&L(:&34$3(4$?/10,"1$1"34;(>$ "43(W"4;<(>D2&5`/(;A3::"$
  42. 42. Thank you! LLLD"43(W"4;<(>D2&5$ Any questions? Y&::&L$/)$&($HL;N"1$ q!&/1(3:.4A;)&1' X;Z"$/)$&($Y32"'&&Z$ ?32"'&&ZD2&5`!&/1(3:.4A;)&1' -&L(:&34$3(4$?/10,"1$1"34;(>$ "43(W"4;<(>D2&5`I3A"1;3(3$
  43. 43. !"#$%&'"()*$+,-$ !"#$%&'()$*%&' ./0,&1$.234"567$$ 80"9)$0&$+/':;23<&($8/22"))$==! 0#$1"&2$)/)')"G'f/GG"' 7'5.*%6"&'789:' ")/#;")$,#<=.%>?B#$1/GG"'
  44. 44. !"#$%&'"()*$+,-$ !"#$%&'()$*%&' ./0,&1$.234"567$$ 80"9)$0&$+/':;23<&($8/22"))$==! +%#,-.$/'0#$1"&2$)/)'3/1"&$/#/' 4'5.*%6"&'789:' ")/#;")$,#<=.%>?@/1"&$/#/'
  45. 45. CD  E3(/)21;90$)01/20/1"$ FD  .')01320)$3(4$<0:")$ GD  H31>"<(>$0,"$I&/1(3:$ JD  K#"2<A"$L1;<(>' Today’s Presentation CD  !&/1(3:$)":"2<&($ FD  M&A"1$:"N"1)$ GD  +""1$1"A;"L$ 1#++&'-!2! 1#++&'-!3!
  46. 46. Edanz survey results – Primary difficulty during manuscript preparation &'v':::'IB6G$2C")'#%#R#/,1"'(#<G$2C'/B*C%&2' EC%%2$#<'/' @%B&#/G' (^I&"22$#<'*C%B<C*2' .G"/&GM'$#'(#<G$2C' 0#)"&2*/#)$#<'*C"' /B*C%&'<B$)"G$#"2' X%&>/w#<'/..%&)$#<' *%'*C"'<B$)"G$#"2' CCr$ gl$ gG$ mG$ GiDJ^$ FGDg^$ FCDl^$ CrDl^$ X&)$3/0&1")$<"("($4;P2/:034")$9313$":">;1$:3)$ 1"A;)03)$6$2&591"(4"1$:3)$4;1"201;2")$4"$:3)$$1"A;)03)$
  47. 47. [',.-5$!+#$#0C'-! Section 1
  48. 48. 3%B&#/G'2"G".,%#' Tenga en cuenta los diferentes factores de cada revista .;5)$s$)2&9"$ %"34"1),;9$ B9"($322"))$ =(4"p;(>$ LF&0F!E507'.!&+!8'+7!&86'.75-7!7'!)',! +/':;23<&($ ?1"R/"(26$ =59320$?320&1$ ]5.&#+!%)!Z#$:!
  49. 49. 3%B&#/G'2"G".,%#' Choosing a target journal ^'-#+758#-7#!#B5$,#!$5!&86'.75-0&5!! :#!+,!&-B#+C(50&@-! 8;>(;P23(2"$ .;5)$3(4$82&9"$ =59320$
  50. 50. 3%B&#/G'2"G".,%#' c"L$P(4;(>)$ Evaluating significance: Novelty E"4;/5$0&$,;>,$ ;59320$ X&L$0&$5"4;/5$ ;59320$ =(21"5"(03:$ 34A3(2")$ M&(2"90/3:$ 34A3(2")$ _`,#!75-!-,#B'+!+'-!7,+!.#+,$75:'+!
  51. 51. 3%B&#/G'2"G".,%#' Evaluating significance: Relevance _`,9!75-!.#$#B5-7#+!+'-!+,+!.#+,$75:'+!! #-!+,!0586'!,!'7.'+!0586'+! +&9/:3<&($)9"2;P2o$%")01;20"4$0&$>"&>139,;23:$ :&23<&(o$Q&L$2&55&($;)$0,"$4;)"3)"o$ E"4;23:$ %":"A3(0$0&$'/);("))$&1$531Z"<(>o$ Q3A"$;59320$&($>&A"1(5"(0$9&:;26o$ +)62,&:&>6$ Q&L$'1&34:6$399:;23':"$;)$0,"$4");>(o$$ =)$;0$2&)0h"#"2<A"o$ K(>;(""1;(>$
  52. 52. 3%B&#/G'2"G".,%#' Evaluating significance: Importance .1"3$&?$9&9/:31$ 399"3: 80"5$2"::)*$<))/"$"(>;(""1;(>*$>:&'3:$ L315;(>*$31<P2;3:$;(0"::;>"(2" =59&103(0$1"3:h L&1:4$399:;23<&() %;2"$1");)03(0$0&$,;>,$)3:0$2&(4;<&()*$ ),1;59$1");)03(0$0&$;(?"2<&( _`,9!75-!&86'.75-7#+!+'-!$5+!56$&050&'-#+!!! #-!#$!8,-:'!.#5$!
  53. 53. 3%B&#/G'2"G".,%#' Journal Selector =()"10$6&/1$91&9&)"4$3')01320$ A$![',.-5$!1#$#07'.!5),:5!5!#$#(&.!! $5!6,%$&050&'-!8H+!5:#0,5:5!
  54. 54. 3%B&#/G'2"G".,%#' Journal Selector %"2&55"(4"4$I&/1(3:)$ Y;:0"1$'67$ =59320$?320&1$ +/':;),;(>$?1"R/"(26$ B9"($322"))$
  55. 55. 3%B&#/G'2"G".,%#' Journal Selector 8"53(<2$5302,;(>$0"15)$ !&/1(3:)$=Y*$.;5)$s$82&9"*$$ 3(4$Y1"R/"(26$ 8;5;:31$9/':;),"4$31<2:")$ Q3A"$0,"6$9/':;),"4$);5;:31$31<2:")$.#0#-7$)o$ Q3A"$6&/$0&7#:$)&5"$&?$0,")"$31<2:")o$
  56. 56. 3%B&#/G'2"G".,%#' Visit journal websites
  57. 57. 3%B&#/G'2"G".,%#' For Springer journals
  58. 58. 3%B&#/G'2"G".,%#' Tips to identify the most suitable journal !' =4"(<?6$0,"$ ;(0"1")0)$&?$0,"$ <',.-5$!#:&7'.! =4"(<?6$0,"$ ;(0"1")0)$&?$0,"$ .#5:#.+! •  K4;0&1;3:)$ •  %"A;"L$31<2:")$ •  89"2;3:$;))/")$ •  E&)0$A;"L"4$ •  E&)0$2;0"4$ a:#-CZ05!$'+!&-7#.#+#+!:#$!#:&7'.!:#!$5!.#B&+75!)! :#!$'+!$#07'.#+!#-!05:5!6,%$&050&'-!
  59. 59. 3%B&#/G'2"G".,%#' Author guidelines bcUTT!O'.:+d! a86'.75-7!6'&-7+! .1<2:"$)01/20/1"$ V&14$:;5;0)$ %"?"1"(2")$
  60. 60. 3%B&#/G'2"G".,%#' Author guidelines – article structure +1"9313<&($&?$ E3(/)21;90)$ @">;()$&($93>"$l$S&?$CgT$ H;0:"$93>"*$3')01320$ ["6L&14)$0&$$ :&&Z$?&1o$ V,30$6&/$),&/:4$ '"$:&&Z;(>$?&1$ •  .1<2:"$069"$)9"2;P2)$ •  H;0:"$93>"$;(?&153<&($ •  .')01320*$>139,;23:$3')01320*$ Z"6L&14)*$3(4$,;>,:;>,0)$ •  E3;($0"p0$)"2<&()$ •  %"?"1"(2")$ •  Y;>/1")$3(4$Y;>/1"$X">"(4)$
  61. 61. 3%B&#/G'2"G".,%#' Author guidelines – word limits L'.:!$&8&7+!85)!566$)!7'e! •  H;0:")$ •  %/((;(>$<0:")$ •  Q;>,:;>,0)$ •  .')01320)$ •  E3;($0"p0$ •  Y;>/1"$:">"(4)$
  62. 62. 3%B&#/G'2"G".,%#' Author guidelines – references =(h0"p0$2;03<&()$ 3(2&/A"1$7$x9y'%&'9' Q31A3147$YU/>"P'M"/&Z' %"?"1"(2"$:;)0$ 3(2&/A"1$7$UB>"&$./G' Q31A3147$AGIC/6",./G'
  63. 63. "'B#.!$#f#.+! Section 2
  64. 64. E%1"&/<"'/#)' !*/F#<'+G/#' E%1"&'G"d"&2' .')013207$ Y;1)0$;591"));&($?&1$1"34"1)$ X3)$23103)$4"$91")"(032;j($)&($:3$91;5"13$ ;591");j($9313$":$"4;0&1$4"$/(3$1"A;)03$ 8;>(;P23(2"$ %":"A3(2"$ X"A":$&?$K(>:;),$ =(0"1")<(>$0&$ 0,";1$1"34"1)o$ V,6$6&/1$L&1Z$ ;)$;59&103(0t$
  65. 65. E%1"&/<"'/#)' !*/F#<'+G/#' E%1"&'G"d"&2' Building your cover letter H/&.'K$II>/#P'HN' ()$*%&R$#REC$"L' >4.,8-'1,&#.4'?.8.,4#:',&7'@4.,-!.&-' :'!"I*">6"&'789:' N"/&'N&'K$II>/#P' +G"/2"' -#)' "#.G%2")' %B&' >/#B2.&$I*' "#,*G")' m(1/GB/,%#' %L' *C"' G/2<%D'I&%<#%2,.'2.%&"'$#'I/,"#*2'B#)"&<%$#<'.B&/,1"'&"2".,%#' L%&'6&"/2*'./#."&'G$1"&'>"*/2*/2"2Pn'DC$.C'D"'D%BG)'G$O"'*%'2B6>$*' L%&'IB6G$./,%#'/2'/#'5&$<$#/G'A&,.G"'$#'>4.,8-'1,&#.4'?.8.,4#:',&7' @4.,-!.&-='' 3%B&#/G'")$*%&z2'#/>"' E3(/)21;90$<0:"$ +/':;23<&($069"$ a-:&I,#!#$!J7,$'!:#!+,!#+0.&7'!)!C6'!:#!6,%$&050&@-!
  66. 66. E%1"&/<"'/#)' !*/F#<'+G/#' E%1"&'G"d"&2' Building your cover letter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p9:;R/"$9&1$R/u$)/$;(A")<>32;j($4"'"1;3$4"$,32"1)"$ !  ",..#-7!2*/*"'%L'*C"'-"G)' !  ?.'%$#8'&"2"/&.C"&2'/&"'L/.$#<'
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  77. 77. E%1"&/<"'/#)' !*/F#<'+G/#' H/#B2.&$I*' 2*&B.*B&"' A good cover letter H/&.'K$II>/#P'HN' ()$*%&R$#REC$"L' >4.,8-'1,&#.4'?.8.,4#:',&7'@4.,-!.&-' :'!"I*">6"&'789:' N"/&'N&'K$II>/#P' +G"/2"' -#)' "#.G%2")' %B&' >/#B2.&$I*' "#,*G")' m(1/GB/,%#' %L' *C"' G/2<%D' I&%<#%2,.' 2.%&"' $#' I/,"#*2' B#)"&<%$#<' .B&/,1"' &"2".,%#' L%&' 6&"/2*' ./#."&' G$1"&' >"*/2*/2"2Pn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o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{%&>'L&%>'DC$.C'*%'2C/&"'%B&'&"2BG*2'D$*C'/GG'*C%2"'.%#."&#")'D$*C'6&"/2*'./#."&=' V"'.%#-&>'*C/*'*C$2'>/#B2.&$I*'C/2'#%*'6""#'IB6G$2C")'"G2"DC"&"'/#)'$2'#%*'B#)"&'.%#2$)"&/,%#'6M'/#%*C"&'@%B&#/G='AGG'/B*C%&2'C/1"'/II&%1")'*C"'>/#B2.&$I*P'$#.GB)$#<'/B*C%&2C$I'/#)'%&)"&'%L'/B*C%&2C$IP' /#)'/<&""'D$*C'2B6>$22$%#'*%'>4.,8-'1,&#.4'?.8.,4#:',&7'@4.,-!.&-='JC$2'2*B)M'D/2'LB#)")'6M'*C"'H$#$2*&M'%L'b"/G*CP'K/6%B&'/#)'V"GL/&"='JC"'/B*C%&2'C/1"'#%'.%#t$.*2'%L'$#*"&"2*'*%')".G/&"=' V"'D%BG)'G$O"'*%'&".%>>"#)'*C"'L%GG%D$#<'&"1$"D"&2'*%'"1/GB/*"'%B&'>/#B2.&$I*k'' c"1$"D"&'9'/#)'.%#*/.*'$#L%&>/,%#' c"1$"D"&'7'/#)'.%#*/.*'$#L%&>/,%#' c"1$"D"&':'/#)'.%#*/.*'$#L%&>/,%#' c"1$"D"&'4'/#)'.%#*/.*'$#L%&>/,%#' +G"/2"'/))&"22'/GG'.%&&"2I%#)"#."'*%k' V"'G%%O'L%&D/&)'*%'C"/&$#<'L&%>'M%B'/*'M%B&'"/&G$"2*'.%#1"#$"#."=' |%B&2'2$#."&"GMP' E3(/)21;90$;(?&153<&($ @32Z>1&/(4$ ["6$P(4;(>)$ %":"A3(2"$ -;)2:3;5"1)$ %"2&55"(4"4$1"A;"L"1)$
  78. 78. E%1"&/<"'/#)' !*/F#<'+G/#' E%1"&'G"d"&2' Recommending reviewers mVC"#' 2B6>$w#<' M%B&' I/I"&P' M%B' >B2*' I&%1$)"' *C"' #/>"2P'/FG$/,%#2P'/#)'1/G$)'"R>/$G'/))&"22"2'%L'-1"'YQZ' &"1$"D"&2=' [L' M%B' )%' #%*' )%' 2%P' M%B&' I/I"&' D$GG' 6"' &"*B&#")P'B#&"1$"D")=n' mAB*C%&2' /&"' &"aB"2*")' *%' I&%1$)"' *C"' #/>"2' /#)' LBGG' /))&"22"2'Y$#.GB)$#<'"R>/$G'/))&"22Z'%L'BI'*%'L%B&'I%*"#,/G' &"L"&""2ln' ]#.&ZI,#!$5+!:&.#07.&0#+!:#!$5!.#B&+75!65.5! :#7#.8&-5.!0,H-7'+!.#B&+'.#+!+#!.#0'8&#-:5-!
  79. 79. E%1"&/<"'/#)' !*/F#<'+G/#' E%1"&'G"d"&2' Recommending reviewers V,"1"$0&$P(4$ 0,"5o$ Y1&5$6&/1$1"34;(>`1"?"1"(2")*$ ("0L&1Z;(>$30$2&(?"1"(2")$ Q&L$)"(;&1o$ .;5$?&1$5;4h:"A":$1")"312,"1)$ V,&$0&$3A&;4o$ M&::3'&130&1)$S93)0$i$6"31)T*$ 1")"312,"1)$?1&5$)35"$;()<0/<&($ a-7#.-5C'-5$!$&+7e$$ C$&1$F$?1&5$.);3*$C$&1$F$?1&5$K/1&9"*$3(4$C$&1$F$?1&5$0,"$.5"1;23)$ Q#0'8&#-:#!&-B#+C(5:'.#+!:#!-&B#$!! 8#:&'!:#!:&E#.#-7#+!65i+#+!
  80. 80. ?##.!Q#B&#O! Section 3
  81. 81. +""&'c"1$"D' Improves your manuscript Y#7!&-B'$B#:!$#'*C"'' I""&'&"1$"D'I&%."22' X3$1"A;);j($9&1$931")$")$/($91&2")&$$ 9&);<A&$R/"$5"I&131n$)/$53(/)2;0&$
  82. 82. +""&'c"1$"D' What reviewers are looking for H,"$)2;"(2"$ H,"$53(/)21;90$ !  %":"A3(0$,69&0,");)$ !  O&&4$"p9"1;5"(03:$4");>($ !  .991&91;30"$5"0,&4&:&>6$ !  O&&4$4303$3(3:6);)$ !  3:;4$2&(2:/);&()$ !  X&>;23:$w&L$&?$;(?&153<&($ !  E3(/)21;90$)01/20/1"$3(4$?&153x(>$ !  .991&91;30"$1"?"1"(2")$ !  Q;>,$1"343';:;06$
  83. 83. +""&'c"1$"D' %")9&()"$ :"N"1$ %")9&(43$2:3135"(0"$3$2343$$ 2&5"(031;&$4"$)/)$1"A;)&1")$ A5+)$0&$)""$ 2,3(>")$ %"?"1$0&$:;("$3(4$93>"$(/5'"1)$ f)"$3$4;#"1"(0$2&:&1$?&(0$ Q;>,:;>,0$0,"$0"p0$ Revision
  84. 84. +""&'c"1$"D' Writing a response letter H/&.'K$II>/#P'HN' ()$*%&R$#REC$"L' >4.,8-'1,&#.4'?.8.,4#:',&7'@4.,-!.&-' :'!"I*">6"&'789:' N"/&'N&'K$II>/#P' c"k'c"2B6>$22$%#'%L'>/#B2.&$I*'&"L"&"#."'U%='V3!R8WRQW:g' +G"/2"'-#)'/d/.C")'/'&"1$2")'1"&2$%#'%L'%B&'>/#B2.&$I*'%&$<$#/GGM'"#,*G")'m(1/GB/,%#'%L'*C"'G/2<%D'I&%<#%2,.' 2.%&"'$#'I/,"#*2'B#)"&<%$#<'.B&/,1"'&"2".,%#'L%&'6&"/2*'./#."&'G$1"&'>"*/2*/2"2Pn'DC$.C'D"'D%BG)'G$O"'*%'&"2B6>$*' L%&'.%#2$)"&/,%#'L%&'IB6G$./,%#'$#'*C"'>4.,8-'1,&#.4'?.8.,4#:',&7'@4.,-!.&-9' JC"'&"1$"D"&z2'.%>>"#*2'D"&"'C$<CGM'$#2$<C{BG'/#)'"#/6G")'B2'*%'<&"/*GM'$>I&%1"'*C"'aB/G$*M'%L'%B&'>/#B2.&$I*='[#' *C"'L%GG%D$#<'I/<"2'/&"'%B&'I%$#*R6MRI%$#*'&"2I%#2"2'*%'"/.C'%L'*C"'.%>>"#*2=' c"1$2$%#2'$#'*C"'>/#B2.&$I*'/&"'2C%D#'/2'B#)"&G$#")'*"^*='[#'/..%&)/#."'D$*C'*C"'-&2*'.%>>"#*P'*C"',*G"'C/2'6""#' &"1$2")'/#)'*C"'"#,&"'>/#B2.&$I*'C/2'B#)"&<%#"'2B62*/#,/G'(#<G$2C'")$,#<='' V"'C%I"'*C/*'*C"'&"1$2$%#2'$#'*C"'>/#B2.&$I*'/#)'%B&'/..%>I/#M$#<'&"2I%#2"2'D$GG'6"'2BF.$"#*'*%'>/O"'%B&' >/#B2.&$I*'2B$*/6G"'L%&'IB6G$./,%#'$#'*C"'>4.,8-'1,&#.4'?.8.,4#:',&7'@4.,-!.&-=' .441"))$"4;0&1$9"1)&(3::6$ E3(/)21;90$=-$(/5'"1$ H,3(Z$1"A;"L"1)$ Q;>,:;>,0$53I&1$2,3(>")$
  85. 85. +""&'c"1$"D' Agreeing with reviewers Q#B&#O#.!"'88#-7e!5&'"3;4',&,$"8%8'3A'-:.'7,-,'"3;':,2.'#:38.&' -3' ;8.' ,' 83!.B:,-' 3C8#;4.' DE&F' A;&#63&' G4.F4.88%3&H9' ' 5&' !"' 3I%&%3&J','8%!I$.'K,;88%,&'A;&#63&'B3;$7':,2.'8;L#.79'M34.32.4J' -:.' 4.8;$-8' B3;$7' C.' !34.' %&8-4;#62.' ,&7' .,8%.4' -3' #3!I,4.' -3' I4.2%3;8'4.8;$-89' %")9&()"7' V"' /<&""' D$*C' *C"' &"1$"D"&z2' /22"22>"#*' %L' *C"' /#/GM2$2='5B&'*/$G%&")'LB#.,%#P'$#'$*2'.B&&"#*'L%&>P'>/O"2'$*')$F.BG*' *%' *"GG' *C/*' *C$2' >"/2B&">"#*' .%#2,*B*"2' /' 2$<#$-./#*' $>I&%1">"#*' %1"&' I&"1$%B2GM' &"I%&*")' 1/GB"2=' V"' )"2.&$6"' %B&' #"D'/#/GM2$2'B2$#<'/'/B22$/#'-w#<'LB#.,%#'$#'%B&'&"1$2")'c"2BG*2' 2".,%#'Y+/<"'SP'K$#"2'97q9oZ='
  86. 86. +""&'c"1$"D' Q#B&#O#.!"'88#-7e!5&'"3;4',&,$"8%8'3A'-:.'7,-,'"3;':,2.'#:38.&' -3' ;8.' ,' 83!.B:,-' 3C8#;4.' DE&F' A;&#63&' G4.F4.88%3&H9' ' 5&' !"' 3I%&%3&J','8%!I$.'K,;88%,&'A;&#63&'B3;$7':,2.'8;L#.79'M34.32.4J' -:.' 4.8;$-8' B3;$7' C.' !34.' %&8-4;#62.' ,&7' .,8%.4' -3' #3!I,4.' -3' I4.2%3;8'4.8;$-89' %")9&()"7' V"' /<&""' D$*C' *C"' &"1$"D"&z2' /22"22>"#*' %L' *C"' /#/GM2$2='5B&'*/$G%&")'LB#.,%#P'$#'$*2'.B&&"#*'L%&>P'>/O"2'$*')$F.BG*' *%' *"GG' *C/*' *C$2' >"/2B&">"#*' .%#2,*B*"2' /' 2$<#$-./#*' $>I&%1">"#*' %1"&' I&"1$%B2GM' &"I%&*")' 1/GB"2=' V"' )"2.&$6"' %B&' #"D'/#/GM2$2'B2$#<'/'/B22$/#'-w#<'LB#.,%#'$#'%B&'&"1$2")'c"2BG*2' 2".,%#'Y+/<"'SP'K$#"2'97q9oZ=' Agreeing with reviewers .>1""5"(0$ %"A;);&()$ X&23<&($
  87. 87. +""&'c"1$"D' Disagreeing with reviewers Q#B&#O#.!"'88#-7e!5&'"3;4',&,$"8%8'3A'-:.'7,-,'"3;':,2.'#:38.&' -3' ;8.' ,' 83!.B:,-' 3C8#;4.' DE&F' A;&#63&' G4.F4.88%3&H9' ' 5&' !"' 3I%&%3&J' ,' 8%!I$.' K,;88%,&' A;&#63&' B3;$7' :,2.' 8;L#.79' M34.32.4J' -:.' 4.8;$-8' B3;$7' C.' !34.' %&8-4;#62.' ,&7' .,8%.4' -3' #3!I,4.'-3'I4.2%3;8'4.8;$-89' %")9&()"7' AG*C%B<C' /' 2$>IG"' /B22$/#' -*' D%BG)' L/.$G$*/*"' .%>I/&$2%#'D$*C'*C"'&"2BG*2'%L'%*C"&'2*B)$"2P'%B&'*/$G%&")'LB#.,%#' /GG%D2' L%&' *C"' /#/GM2$2' %L' *C"' )/*/' $#' *"&>2' %L' *C"' !>$*C' >%)"G' x!>$*C' "*' /G=P' 9ggoy=' V"' C/1"' #%D' "^IG/$#")' *C"' B2"' %L' *C$2' LB#.,%#' /#)' *C"' !>$*C' >%)"G' $#' %B&' &"1$2")' N$2.B22$%#' 2".,%#' Y+/<"'97P'K$#"2'7qSZ='
  88. 88. +""&'c"1$"D' Q#B&#O#.!"'88#-7e!5&'"3;4',&,$"8%8'3A'-:.'7,-,'"3;':,2.'#:38.&' -3' ;8.' ,' 83!.B:,-' 3C8#;4.' DE&F' A;&#63&' G4.F4.88%3&H9' ' 5&' !"' 3I%&%3&J' ,' 8%!I$.' K,;88%,&' A;&#63&' B3;$7' :,2.' 8;L#.79' M34.32.4J' -:.' 4.8;$-8' B3;$7' C.' !34.' %&8-4;#62.' ,&7' .,8%.4' -3' #3!I,4.'-3'I4.2%3;8'4.8;$-89' %")9&()"7' AG*C%B<C' /' 2$>IG"' /B22$/#' -*' D%BG)' L/.$G$*/*"' .%>I/&$2%#'D$*C'*C"'&"2BG*2'%L'%*C"&'2*B)$"2P'%B&'*/$G%&")'LB#.,%#' /GG%D2' L%&' *C"' /#/GM2$2' %L' *C"' )/*/' $#' *"&>2' %L' *C"' !>$*C' >%)"G' x!>$*C' "*' /G=P' 9ggoy=' V"' C/1"' #%D' "^IG/$#")' *C"' B2"' %L' *C$2' LB#.,%#' /#)' *C"' !>$*C' >%)"G' $#' %B&' &"1$2")' N$2.B22$%#' 2".,%#' Y+/<"'97P'K$#"2'7qSZ=' Disagreeing with reviewers %"A;);&()$ X&23<&($ KA;4"(2"$
  89. 89. +""&'c"1$"D' Q#B&#O#.!0'88#-7N'@:.',;-:348'$33=.7'A34'I3$"!34I:%8!8'%&'-:.' I43!3-.4'4.F%3&'3A'-:.'F.&.O':3B.2.4J'-:."'7%7&P-'.2,$;,-.'-:.' ;&-4,&8$,-.7' 4.F%3&89' @:,-' %8' 3&.' 3A' !"' #3&#.4&8' ,C3;-' -:%8' !.-:373$3F"9' “Hidden” questions Q#6F.5+#:! I,#+C'-N' Q:"' 7%7&R-' -:.' ,;-:348' .2,$;,-.' I3$"!34I:%8!8'%&'-:.';&-4,&8$,-.7'4.F%3&8'3A'-:.'F.&.S'
  90. 90. +""&'c"1$"D' Q#B&#O#.!0'88#-7N'@:.',;-:348'$33=.7'A34'I3$"!34I:%8!8'%&'-:.' I43!3-.4'4.F%3&'3A'-:.'F.&.O':3B.2.4J'-:."'7%7&P-'.2,$;,-.'-:.' ;&-4,&8$,-.7' 4.F%3&89' @:,-' %8' 3&.' 3A' !"' #3&#.4&8' ,C3;-' -:%8' !.-:373$3F"9' “Hidden” questions %")9&()"k' [#' *C$2' 2*B)MP' D"' )".$)")' *%' L%.B2' %#' *C"' I&%>%*"&' &"<$%#'%L'*C$2'<"#"'6"./B2"'I&"1$%B2'2*B)$"2'x|/@$>/'"*'/G=P'7898j' 3/.O2%#' "*' /G=P' 7899y' C/1"' 2C%D#' *C/*' $*2' *&/#2.&$I,%#' D/2' I/&,.BG/&GM' /`".*")=' JC$2' C/2' #%D' 6""#' .G/&$-")' $#' *C"' N$2.B22$%#'2".,%#'%L'%B&'>/#B2.&$I*'Y+/<"'9SP'K$#"'74q7oZ='
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  92. 92. Summary 1#++&'-!2! !  X&>;23::6$91")"(<(>$;(?&153<&($;($6&/1$53(/)21;90$ !  V1;<(>$"#"2<A"$3')01320)$3(4$<0:")$ !  H31>"<(>$'1&34$A"1)/)$(311&L$?&2/)"4$I&/1(3:)$ !  M:"31:6$2&55/(;23<(>$6&/1$;4"3)$;($K(>:;),$ 1#++&'-!3! !  M,&&);(>$0,"$5&)0$)/;03':"$I&/1(3:$ !  M&55/(;23<(>$L;0,$I&/1(3:$"4;0&1)$ !  c3A;>3<(>$9""1$1"A;"L$
  93. 93. Thank you! LLLD"43(W"4;<(>D2&5$ Any questions? Y&::&L$/)$&($HL;N"1$ q!&/1(3:.4A;)&1' -&L(:&34$3(4$?/10,"1$1"34;(>$ "43(W"4;<(>D2&5`I3A"1;3(3$ X;Z"$/)$&($Y32"'&&Z$ ?32"'&&ZD2&5`!&/1(3:.4A;)&1'

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