Approach reflects a certain model or research paradigm WHY . (Grammar-translation approach, reading approach, communicative approach)
Method is a set of procedures, i.e a system that spells out rather precisely how to teach a second or a foreign language. Methods are typically compatible with one (Two) approaches. HOW (Silent way, Total Physical Response TPR, Suggestopedia)
Technique is classroom device or activity. STEPS (dictation, imitation, repetition,etc.)
Swan (1985) Widdowson (1985) More recently other writers (e.g. Bax [ have critiqued CLT for paying insufficient attention to the context in which teaching and learning take place, though CLT has also been defended against this charge (Harmer 2003).
CA is deemed a success if the teacher understands the student.
But, if the teacher is from the same region as the student, the teacher will understand errors resulting from an influence from their first language.
Native speakers of the target language may still have difficulty understanding them. This observation may call for new thinking on and adaptation of the Communicative Approach.
The Adapted Communicative Approach should be a simulation where the teacher pretends to understand only what any regular speaker of the target language would and reacts accordingly.
Assessment is primarily based on task outcome (ie: the appropriate completion of tasks) rather than simply accuracy of language forms. This makes TBLL especially popular for developing target language fluency and student confidence.
Met’s Analysis (2004) Content-Driven Content is taught in L2. Content learning is priority. Language learning is secondary. Content objectives determined by course goals or curriculum. Teachers must select language objectives. Students evaluated on content mastery. Language-Driven Content is used to learn L2. Language learning is priority. Content learning is incidental. Language objectives determined by L2 course goals or curriculum. Students evaluated on content to be integrated. Students evaluated on language skills/proficiency.