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Introduction to language teaching approach
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Introduction to language teaching approach



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  • 1. Language teaching and ALx
  • 2. Reflective practice An introduction for Language teachers
  • 3. Are teachers born? orAre teachers made? Can teaching be taught?
  • 4. A good teacher is… …made Teaching is a … skill
  • 5. A good teacherwants to be… … better
  • 6. Approachesand methods
  • 7. Approach – method Technique Approach reflects a certain model or research paradigm WHY. (Grammar- WHY translation approach, reading approach, communicative approach) Method is a set of procedures, i.e a system that spells out rather precisely how to teach a second or a foreign language. Methods are typically compatible with one (Two) approaches. HOW (Silent way, Total Physical Response TPR, Suggestopedia) Technique is classroom device or activity. STEPS(dictation, imitation, STEPS repetition,etc.)
  • 8. What are Anthony’sdistinctions among approach,method andtechnique?
  • 9. ApproachTheories of language Theories of language learning• Structural view – how • What are the the language is psycholinguistic and approached-coding cognitive processes involved in language• Functional view – learning? semantic and communicative- • What are the conditions meaning and functions that need to be met in of the language. order for these leaning processes to be activated?• Interactional theories
  • 10. Exemplify a theory oflanguage and theoryof language learning relationship
  • 11. Design• Objectives – competences: language aims• Content choices – syllabus• Activities• Learner roles• Teacher roles• Material• Procedure
  • 12. Procedure• Techniques – The use of teaching activites (drills, dialogues, information gaps activities, etc.) – The use of teaching activities for practicing language. – The procedures and techniques used in giving feedback to learners concerning the form and content.
  • 13. Summary of elements of a Method