Bilingüismo y Bilingual
education
Bilingualism
Definition
Maximalist Minimalist Functional
The almost native
control of two
languages
Bloomfiel
d, 1935
To h...
Bilingualism
authors definition
Bloomfield (1933, p55-56)
Baker (2006, p6)
Diebold (1964)
Thiery (1978, p146)
Grosjean (19...
One language
bilingualism
One bigger
than
the other
Definitions based on levels of proficiency
(maximal and minimal)
-balanced bilinguals
-semilinguals
Coordinated – compound...
Definitions of Bilingualism
proficiency use
semilingual
balanced
(maximal and minimal) (functional)
Basic Intercommunicati...
Relación de competencia
comunicativa y uso de la
lengua
Suficiencia uso
semilingüe
balanceado
(maximalista and minimalista...
Monoglossic vs.
heteroglossic
20th century geopolitics & bilingualism
Language groupsLanguage groups
territorializedterritorialized
Subtractive bilingualism
Language difference as a problem
L1 L2
Additive bilingualism
Monoglossic ideologies
Language as privilege for elite, their right
L1 L1+L2
+ L2
Bilingualism in 20th century
• A bicycle with two full separate wheels
• L1 + L2 = L1 + L2
• Balanced bilingualism
21st century geopolitical changes &
bilingualism
Non territorialized languages
21st century
Dynamic bilingualism
Language as resource
Bilingual Education foundations
Monoglosic ideology Heteroglosic ideology
Subtractive
Bilingual
education
Additive Bilingu...
Bilingual Education Types
Subtractive
bied
Addtive bied Recursive
bied
Dynamic
bied
Language
ideology
monoglossic monoglos...
Total immersion program
Types of Bilingual programs
% of
Lge
10
0
100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 50 50 50
grade pre 1st 2...
Partial immersion program
Types of Bilingual programs 2
% of
Lge
75 75 75 75 75 75 50 50 50 50 50 50
grade pre 1st 2nd 3rd...
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Bilingual education in colombia

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Bilingual education in colombia

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Bilingual education in colombia

  1. 1. Bilingüismo y Bilingual education
  2. 2. Bilingualism Definition Maximalist Minimalist Functional The almost native control of two languages Bloomfiel d, 1935 To have linguistic abilities even in a minimal way Macnamara, 1969 To use 2 or more languages in daily life, over regular bases Grossjean, 1982 “Bilingualism as a countenance” (Hornberger 1989)
  3. 3. Bilingualism authors definition Bloomfield (1933, p55-56) Baker (2006, p6) Diebold (1964) Thiery (1978, p146) Grosjean (1982, p232) Control - Native Incipient bilingualism True bilingual
  4. 4. One language bilingualism One bigger than the other
  5. 5. Definitions based on levels of proficiency (maximal and minimal) -balanced bilinguals -semilinguals Coordinated – compound Definitions based on use (functional) -conversational fluency (BICS) -academic language competence (CALP) Definitions of Bilingualism
  6. 6. Definitions of Bilingualism proficiency use semilingual balanced (maximal and minimal) (functional) Basic Intercommunicative Skills (BICS) Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (CALP) Communicative language teaching (CLT) Content-based or Content and Language Integrated time competence time
  7. 7. Relación de competencia comunicativa y uso de la lengua Suficiencia uso semilingüe balanceado (maximalista and minimalista) (funcional) Habilidades Interpersonales Comunicativas Básicas (BICS en inglés) Suficiencia Lingüística Cognitivamente Académica (CALP en inglés) Enseñanza comunicativa (CLT) Aprendizaje Integrado de Lengua y Contenido (AICLE) tiempo competencia tiempo
  8. 8. Monoglossic vs. heteroglossic
  9. 9. 20th century geopolitics & bilingualism Language groupsLanguage groups territorializedterritorialized
  10. 10. Subtractive bilingualism Language difference as a problem L1 L2
  11. 11. Additive bilingualism Monoglossic ideologies Language as privilege for elite, their right L1 L1+L2 + L2
  12. 12. Bilingualism in 20th century • A bicycle with two full separate wheels • L1 + L2 = L1 + L2 • Balanced bilingualism
  13. 13. 21st century geopolitical changes & bilingualism Non territorialized languages
  14. 14. 21st century Dynamic bilingualism Language as resource
  15. 15. Bilingual Education foundations Monoglosic ideology Heteroglosic ideology Subtractive Bilingual education Additive Bilingual education Recursive Bilingual education Dynamic Bilingual education Language ideology monoglossic monoglossic heteroglossic heteroglossic Linguistic goal monolingualism monolingualism bilingualism bilingualism Linguistic ecology Lge shift Lge addition manteinance Lge revitalization plurilingualism Bilingualism orientation Bi as problem Bi as enrichment Bi as right Bi as resource Cultural ecology monocultural Mono to biculturalism Bicultural multiplicity transcultural Types of children minority majority Non-dominant All
  16. 16. Bilingual Education Types Subtractive bied Addtive bied Recursive bied Dynamic bied Language ideology monoglossic monoglossic heteroglossic heteroglossic Linguistic goal monolingualism monlingualism bilingualism bilingualism types transitional Maintenance Prestigious Immersion Immersion developmenta l Polydirectiona l-two way- dual language CLIL-CLILtype
  17. 17. Total immersion program Types of Bilingual programs % of Lge 10 0 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 50 50 50 grade pre 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th Bilingual process
  18. 18. Partial immersion program Types of Bilingual programs 2 % of Lge 75 75 75 75 75 75 50 50 50 50 50 50 grade pre 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th Bilingual process
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