Approaches to literacy

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  • 1. “Illiteracy embodies a language and a set of practices that underscore the need for developing a radical theory of literacy that takes seriously the task of uncovering how particular forms of social and moral regulation produce a culture of ignorance of stupidity crucial to the silencing of all potencially critical voices” Aronowitz
  • 2. 0Functional literacy0Critical literacy
  • 3. Functional literacy0 Develops skills (writing – reading)0 Addresses issues of social purposes in contexts of use0 Defines the uses of reading and writing to achieve social purposes in contexts of use0 Teaches participants to achieve their social objectives0 Accepts means of communication as something given and natural0 Admits the natural status of dominant institutions and social discourses0 Helps individuals function within a given society in order to participate and achieve their own goals
  • 4. Critical literacy0 Questions the natural status of dominant institutions and discourses0 Deals with finding out how something works0 Looks below the surface of things and events, asking questions such as: 1. Why does this exist/happen? 2. What is its purpose? 3. Whose interests does it serve? 4. Whose interests does it frustate? 5. How does it operate? 6. Need it operate like this or could it be done differently and better?0 Gives powerful tools for developing critical thinking0 Conceives language as a powerful social practice0 Develops a critical awareness of social purpose and whose interests are being served by it0 Regards critical reflection as a dimension that must be complemented with action
  • 5. Literacy vs.Illiteracy
  • 6. Literacy/Illiteracy0 They function as a way of labelling and grading people. It also categorizes people into educational haves and have-nots0 Being in the have-not group creates what Freire calls “a culture of silence”0 Illiteracy implies a form of political and intellectual ignorance as well as a possible instance of class, gender, racial, or cultural resistance.
  • 7. Models of literacy/illiteracyFrom Freire’s point of view: “reading the world always precedes reading the word”0 Skills development model0 Therapeutic model0 Personal empowerment model0 Social empowerment model0 Functional model0 Critical model
  • 8. Literacy from a cross-disciplinary perspective language education theoryanthropology sociology Literacy Research practice history psychology Literacy is a socio-political construct as much as a linguistic one
  • 9. A theory of language in context language language Language as text as social process as social practice
  • 10. Critical literacy •Ideological construct: it is rooted in a spirit of critique. “Literacy was a double edged sword” It enables people to participate in Gramsci the undersatanding and transformation of their society It develops forms of counterhegemonic education Perpetuation of around the political project of relations of creating a society of intellectuals repression and domination •Social movement: It is tied to the material andSelf and social political conditions necessary toempowerment develop and organize teachers, community workers, and others both within and outside of schools. It takes an active part in the struggle for creating the conditions necessary to make people literate
  • 11. The freireian model of emancipatory literacy0 Dialectical relationship between Human beings – world0 Language - transformative agency0 Literacy means a self and socially constituted agent.0 Literacy is part of the process of becoming self-critical about the historically constructed nature of one’s experience.
  • 12. Critical pedagogy0 Student’s voice must be heard0 Students need to be introduced to a language of empowerment and radical ethics0 Teachers should provide students with the opportunity to interrogate different languages or ideological discourses0 Critical educators are also learners0 Students and teachers can dialogue and struggle together in order to make their respective positions heard out/inside the classrooms.
  • 13. Percentage of illiteracy in Colombiaaccording to the realperformance of literate peoplein our country, what mighthave been the conceptions ofliteracy inherent in theimplemented literacyprograms in the latest years?