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Grammar book Grammar book Presentation Transcript

  • Grammar Book
    By:
    Emily Daniel
  • Table of Contents
    3. Presente -ar –er –ir
    4. Stem Changers
    5. Irregulars –go –zco –yo
    6. Saber vsconocer
    7. Reflexives
    8. ‘se’ impersonal
    9. Dipthongs
    10. Verbs like…Uir/guir
    12. Verbs like…Cer/cir
    13 Verbs like…Ger/gir
    14. Hace +__+ que + present/presentente
    15.Imperfecto
  • Ar, Er, Ir
    Los verbosregulares en el presente
    Ir-
    o imos
    es en
    e
    Ar-
    o amos
    as an
    a
    Er-
    o emos
    Es en
    e
    Caminar-
    Camino Caminamos
    CaminasCaminan
    Camina
    Vivir-
    Vivo Vivimos
    VivesViven
    Vive
    Comer-
    Como Comemos
    Comes Comen
    Come
  • Stem Changers aka Boot verbs
    The verbs change in the root
    They do not change in the nosotros form or the vosotros
    E  ie
    O ue
    U ue
    Pensar-
    Penso
    Pienso
    Yonosotros
    Túvosotros
    El/ella/utdEllos/Ellas/Utds
  • Irregulars -go -zco -yo
    The “go” “zco” verbs are only in the irregulars in the yo form
    “go” verbs- caer, decir, oir, puner, hacer, tener, traer, venir
    “zco” verbs (cer/cir)- conocer, producir, conducir
    y los demás – ser, ir, estar, ver,
    saber, dar
    Yo – Tengo
    Yo – Hago
    Yo - Vengo
    Yo - Conozco
    Yo - Produzco
    Yo - Conduzco
    Ser- Ir-
    Soy SomosVoyVamos
    Eres Son Vas Van
    Es Va
  • Saber Vs Conocer
    Both saber y conocer translate to the English verb to know
    Both “yo” forms are irregular
    Conocer-
    Conozcoconocemos
    ConocesConocen
    Conoce
    Saber –
    Sésabemos
    Sabessaben
    Sabe
  • Reflexives
    Brenda se lava- se is reflexive
    Reflexives also can be added on the end of an infinitive. Such as…- Puedovermeen el espejo
  • ‘se impersonal
    pronoun ”se” is in front of verbs to make general statements.
    ¿cómo se dice man en español?
    In English it translates to either “you say” or “one says.”
  • Dipthongs w/accents
    Dipthongs are the strong or weak vowels in a word next to each other.
    Strong vowel sounds are a,e,o.
    Weak vowel sounds are i,u,y.
    puerto, ciudad, siete, hay.
    *two strong vowels cannot be in the same syllable
  • Verbs like…Uir/Guir
  • Verbs like…Cer/cir
    Verbs that end in a vowel + cer or cir add z before the c in the yo form only.
    Verbs that end in a consonant + cer or cir change the c to z in the yo form only.
    conducir = conduzco
    ejercer = ejerzo
  • Verbs like…Ger/gir
    Verbs that end in ger and gir change the g to j in the yo form only.
    coger = cojo
    fingir = finjo
  • Hace +__+ que + Present/Presentente
    The yo form is the only irregular
    Hago, haces, hace, hacemos, hacen
  • Imperfecto
    The imperfect tense is used to refer to actions in the past that occurred repeatedly.
    Yo caminaba todo los días.
    Er/Ir-
    íaíasíaíamosían
    Ar-
    abaabasabaábamosaban
    Ser-
    eraeraseraéramoseran
    Ver-
    veíaveíasveíaveíamosveían
    Ir-
    ibaibasibaíbamosiban