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Grammar book
 

Grammar book

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    Grammar book Grammar book Presentation Transcript

    • Grammar Book
      By:
      Emily Daniel
    • Table of Contents
      3. Presente -ar –er –ir
      4. Stem Changers
      5. Irregulars –go –zco –yo
      6. Saber vsconocer
      7. Reflexives
      8. ‘se’ impersonal
      9. Dipthongs
      10. Verbs like…Uir/guir
      12. Verbs like…Cer/cir
      13 Verbs like…Ger/gir
      14. Hace +__+ que + present/presentente
      15.Imperfecto
    • Ar, Er, Ir
      Los verbosregulares en el presente
      Ir-
      o imos
      es en
      e
      Ar-
      o amos
      as an
      a
      Er-
      o emos
      Es en
      e
      Caminar-
      Camino Caminamos
      CaminasCaminan
      Camina
      Vivir-
      Vivo Vivimos
      VivesViven
      Vive
      Comer-
      Como Comemos
      Comes Comen
      Come
    • Stem Changers aka Boot verbs
      The verbs change in the root
      They do not change in the nosotros form or the vosotros
      E  ie
      O ue
      U ue
      Pensar-
      Penso
      Pienso
      Yonosotros
      Túvosotros
      El/ella/utdEllos/Ellas/Utds
    • Irregulars -go -zco -yo
      The “go” “zco” verbs are only in the irregulars in the yo form
      “go” verbs- caer, decir, oir, puner, hacer, tener, traer, venir
      “zco” verbs (cer/cir)- conocer, producir, conducir
      y los demás – ser, ir, estar, ver,
      saber, dar
      Yo – Tengo
      Yo – Hago
      Yo - Vengo
      Yo - Conozco
      Yo - Produzco
      Yo - Conduzco
      Ser- Ir-
      Soy SomosVoyVamos
      Eres Son Vas Van
      Es Va
    • Saber Vs Conocer
      Both saber y conocer translate to the English verb to know
      Both “yo” forms are irregular
      Conocer-
      Conozcoconocemos
      ConocesConocen
      Conoce
      Saber –
      Sésabemos
      Sabessaben
      Sabe
    • Reflexives
      Brenda se lava- se is reflexive
      Reflexives also can be added on the end of an infinitive. Such as…- Puedovermeen el espejo
    • ‘se impersonal
      pronoun ”se” is in front of verbs to make general statements.
      ¿cómo se dice man en español?
      In English it translates to either “you say” or “one says.”
    • Dipthongs w/accents
      Dipthongs are the strong or weak vowels in a word next to each other.
      Strong vowel sounds are a,e,o.
      Weak vowel sounds are i,u,y.
      puerto, ciudad, siete, hay.
      *two strong vowels cannot be in the same syllable
    • Verbs like…Uir/Guir
    • Verbs like…Cer/cir
      Verbs that end in a vowel + cer or cir add z before the c in the yo form only.
      Verbs that end in a consonant + cer or cir change the c to z in the yo form only.
      conducir = conduzco
      ejercer = ejerzo
    • Verbs like…Ger/gir
      Verbs that end in ger and gir change the g to j in the yo form only.
      coger = cojo
      fingir = finjo
    • Hace +__+ que + Present/Presentente
      The yo form is the only irregular
      Hago, haces, hace, hacemos, hacen
    • Imperfecto
      The imperfect tense is used to refer to actions in the past that occurred repeatedly.
      Yo caminaba todo los días.
      Er/Ir-
      íaíasíaíamosían
      Ar-
      abaabasabaábamosaban
      Ser-
      eraeraseraéramoseran
      Ver-
      veíaveíasveíaveíamosveían
      Ir-
      ibaibasibaíbamosiban