The Academy ReportVolume 2 Issue 1 March 2011 Letter from the Secretary General Upcoming Events Springtime is fast approaching and the European Academy of New! EAC CPD Seminar Chiropractic is in full gear in preparation for the upcoming ECU 2011 Convention in Zurich. In this edition of The Academy Report, you will Painful Shoulder receive a preview of what is in store for your visit to Switzerland. SyndromeManagement Additionally, you will learn all the latest news from the Academy, as & Rehabilitation : What well as special reports from the Research Council, Contininuing is the Evidence? Professional Development and the Graduate Education Programme. 7 May 2011 In Barcelona in November last year, the Academic Council (AC) had its Brussels, Belgium most productive meeting in its brief history. A five year plan was established to guide our strategy into the future. It was met with great enthusiasm by the Info: eacacademy.com General Council of the ECU at its biannual meeting the next day. I think you will be pleased Registration: to see the great strides the EAC has made since the last newsletter. The AC will continue, www.eacacademy.com/of course, to seek innovative new ideas to make the Academy even better and provide default.asp?pid=71 further benefits for your membership. One benefit is a reduced fee to the upcoming ECU Convention. You can register online at www.ecuconventions.com . ECU 2011 Convention Another is the EAC Cocktail on Friday June 3, at 19:30. This is an informal, complimentary Is your Patient Getting get together that allows our members and Academic Council to meet and discuss in a Better? relaxed atmosphere the issues that concern the Academy. Other EAC activities are 2‐4 June, 2011 summarized in a table at the end of this newsletter. I, therefore, kindly invite each of you to take advantage of these tremendous benefits and attend what guarantees to be an Hosted by ChiroSuisse outstanding academic and social programme this June in Zurich. Zurich, Switzerland Many thanks for your continued support of the Academy. EAC Accredited 20 CPD Points ‐ Christopher Mikus DC, FEAC, EAC Secretary General Online registration: News from the Academy www.ecuconventions.com Information: Barcelona AC Meeting www.ecuconvention.eu The Academic Council of the EAC met in Barcelona in November to establish a five year plan that will guide the path of the Academy in the future. Many ideas and topics were broached during this marathon meeting that only ended late in the night. Of great importance, was the conclusion that the Academy will concentrate more on offering continuing professional development opportunites to chiropractors in Europe. Initially, this will focus on low cost, 1‐2 day weekend seminars in easily accessible European cities. These seminars will be geared to provide practical information for everyday practitioners. Future plans also include an expansion of the website and online learning. More on this fascinating topic is included later in the newsletter. The makeup of the Academic Council also underwent significant changes at the Barcelona meeting. Jean Robert stepped down as Academic Dean. Jean has had a long history in promoting the profession both in Switzerland and throughout Europe. His wise council will be missed. Fortunately, though, Martin Wangler, who had until November served the EAC as its Director of Academic Affairs, replaces Jean as the new Academic Dean. The AC also has the good fortune of welcoming Professor Jenny Bolton as the new Dean of Academic Affairs where she will be assisted by Mary Lou Thiel. Both of these individuals bring a wealth of experience in chiropractic education to their new positions and should serve the Academy well.
Page 2 The Academy Report BCU Joins the EAC The Belgian Chiropractors’ Union voted in February to join in full the EAC. The BCU’s support represents a critical step forward in the further development of the Academy. The AC wishes to express its thanks to the BCU for their tremendous commitment to the high academic standards to which the Academy aspires. Special thanks go out to Tom Michielsen for spearheading this effort. Please use the example of the BCU when discussing the subject of your national association also joining the Academy. There is always strength in numbers. The EAC has much to offer both individual chiropractors and national associations. Please contact either the Dean of Academic Affairs, Martin Wangler, or the Secretary General, Chris Mikus, if you wish to receive more information on how the Academy can serve your association. New EAC Administrative Assistant The EAC has recently hired Claire Wilmot as its new administrative assistant. In addition to her work for the Academy, she will also be aiding the ECU with its ever increasing admininistrative work. Claire brings a wealth of experience to this position and has gotten off to an excellent start. Her hiring will allow the AC members to focus more on strategic rather than administrative issues. The AC is very grateful for the generous financial support it has received from the ECU to make this important step a reality. Fellowship Application Deadline Please note that a March 31 deadline for specialist fellowship applications has been set. Only applications received before or on this date will be considered for fellowship by the Court of Electors during its annual meeting at the ECU Convention in Zurich. Report from the Convention Director ECU 2011 Convention in Zurich The ECU 2011 Convention in Zurich (2‐4 June) is already on its way, with a great variety of topics and speakers, as well as many interesting research submissions. We are always doing our best to maintain high standards and continuity with previous conventions, while at the same time trying out some new ideas in order to enrich the convention, to make it more exciting and more value for money. For the first time this year, the faculties of the specialty colleges will have a direct input in the academic programme, by organizing their master‐classes. These will be in the format of the usual afternoon workshops, but will be of a higher and more specialized content. It has been decided that for this year only they will be offered at no extra cost, not only to EAC members, but to anyone interested in attending. Make sure you take advantage of this unique opportunity to find out about the specialty colleges and what they have to offer you professionally. We will also try to make the convention even more multi‐disciplinary, by alowing representatives of other health professions the forum to present their line of work and expertise on musculoskeletal conditions, together with our speakers and researchers. I am sure you will enjoy both a great event, as well as Zurich itself, which is very beautiful in the spring time. New! EAC CPD Seminars You may have already heard about the new EAC CPD Seminars. This is an additional continuing education opportunity that the academy has to offer all of you. We have made a point in organizing these seminars at a minimal cost, so that those colleagues who find it financially difficult to attend the larger events, may at least make the most of the convention highlights. The seminar topics will stem from the most highly attended convention workshops. Seminars will be organized at different, easily accessible European locations, four times a year. They will always take place on a Saturday so as to minimize time away from your practice. They will be of a high educational standard, evidence‐based and clinical in content, with a lot of hands‐on time. The inaugural seminar “Painful Shoulder Syndrome—Management and Rehabilitation: What is the Evidence?“ presented by Mark Webster BSc, DC, MSc, FCC (ortho), will take place in Brussels, on the 7th of May 2011. Find out more about this exciting seminar and register on time for the discount price only available to EAC members at the academy website: www.eacacademy.com/. ‐Vassilis Maltezopoulos DC, MD, FFEAC Convention Director
Volume 1, Issue 2 Page 3 Report from the Chair of the Research Council EAC Survey 2010: Financial Support for Research concerning Chiropractic in EuropeBackground This survey seeks to collect data concerning the financial support of research by each ECU member nation and each chiropractor. It will be utilized to evaluate future EAC/ECU strategies so as to strengthen the credibility of our profession. There has been a great deal of discussion about seeking support for chiropractic research from outside the profession. The FP7 program and local state funding are two such examples. The countries of Denmark and Canada, prove, however, that the profession must first provide its own funding for research before other outside resources become available. The recent Singh case in the UK has clearly demonstrated how vitally important research has become in giving the profession more credibility. Needless to say, the future of chiropractic largely hinges on how well its research programs will be supported. The ECU has an excellent history of contributing to post‐graduate research education. The recent grant of €50.000 to the Research School in Norway illustrates this commitment. This will, hopefully, over time spur many enthusiastic chiropractors to pursue a post‐graduate/doctoral degree (PhD). These chiropractors will, though, require further future funding at both the national and pan European level in order to offset the income lost away from their practices. Since the average cost of a PhD varies around €100.000, a lot of funding will be required. Denmark “The Danish chiropractors have been very fortunate in that their chiropractic course at the university has improved their status in the medical and public world. However, one very important point in this recognition has been the exceptionally large research production that we have. And how can this happen? Well, it is not due to the fact that there is a chiropractic university course. It helps, because the university lends its academic status to us, making it easier to open doors and get help from statisticians and suchlike. No, most of the reason for this success is the chiropractic research fund that has funded a large number of Ph.D. students at comfortable salary level, made it possible to create research positions for chiropractors who have completed their Ph.D. degree, funded NIKKB (the research and development institution that has nothing to do with the university or the chiropractic education). It pays half of my professor salary and before, during five years, it paid all of my research professor position.” (Professor Charlotte Yde‐Leboeuf, August 2010) Methods This survey was conducted among all 19 ECU member nations’ presidents using a 4‐5 point Likert scale questionnaire and included open‐end questions. It was piloted among members of the EAC Academic and Research Council in advance. Participants were kindly asked to comment on any other aspect that they might feel to be relevant. The survey was done on www.surveymonkey.com. Results All national association presidents completed the survey (19 out of 19). In addition, the EAC research director Tom Michielsen and Professor Charlotte Yde‐Leboef (for Denmark) completed the questionnaire for comparison reasons. Around 80% of nations are in agreement that the ECU must enhance education, increase research capacity and support the development of a research agenda. The same positive agreement of 80% reinforces the statement that ECU member nations should support and fund PhD and master programs for DC’s, should promote the understanding of research and implement evidence‐based principles into the Graduate education programs (GEP ), support research pertaining to the safety of chiropractic care, support the evaluation of best practice models and should develop strategies and networking with government, health care agencies and inter professional collaborative practices. 16 of the 21 respondents state that they lack the financial means to support potential researchers and 14 nations are interested in collaborating in a network with the goal of raising money for chiropractic research. When it comes to the actual existence of a national research fund, only 7 of 19 nations have established one. Reasons why countries do not have a research fund are: lack of manpower, other priorities (legislation) and lack of finances. In 2009, the ECU member nations with a research fund* (Belgium, Norway, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom (including the college of chiropractors)) invested €507.438 in their research Funds, the ECU‐EAC research Fund invested €62.000 while Danish chiropractors invested € 1.341.399. This amount was easily exceeded by the Danish regions to a total of €2.199.894. *France started up its research fund in 2010 and were therefore not included in the above numbers. Graph representation of investment in research in 2009 (results in €) Figure 1 Denmark invests 2,3 times more in research than the entire ECU. When considering the state funding that Denmark receives to its research fund, this figure balloons to 4 times more.
Page 4 The Academy Report Figure 1 When looking at these numbers per chiropractor, the average investment in research of an ECU chiropractor (3750 members) (including the investment through the ECU‐EAC) stands at €151/year, while an average Danish chiropractor contributes €2604 (515 members) per year (excluding support from the regions). PhD’s, masters and post doctoral projects are all eligible in countries with a research Fund. Only 1 country has its own research agenda. 9 projects have been completed in the nations of the ECU (including the EAC‐ECU research Fund projects). There are no exact figures for Denmark but they are known to be numerous. ECU member nations fund their research funds differently. Some with a fixed amount, others with a division of profits or a combination of both. Denmark invests a certain percentage for each patient treated under the national health insurance into the fund. This is then matched by the Danish regions with a fixed amount per patient. The complete results of this survey, including individual commentaries of countries, are available for consultation in the EAC library. Conclusions Approximately 80 % of all ECU member nations’ presidents generally support the concept of more research in Europe – on a national and ECU level ‐ but cited the lack of finances required to support potential researchers. They are interested in collaborating in a network with the goal of raising money for chiropractic research. In addition to forming networks among ECU member nations to raise money, each ECU member nation must build its own individual Research Fund: research money has to come from the chiropractic profession itself. During the last three years, 6 ECU member nations invested cumulatively about 8 x the amount of funding that the Research Council of the European Academy did. Danish chiropractors invested 2,3 times the amount of all ECU members and the EAC research Fund in 2009 combined. ECU member nations are funding their research differently e.g., by division of profits or by fixed amounts, budgeted annually. Denmark uses a very interesting model by earmarking a certain percentage for patients treated under the national health insurance into their Research Fund; the Danish government then matches this with a fixed amount per patient. PhD projects are funded mostly, followed by post‐docs and masters. So far less than 9 projects have been completed during the last 3 years, excluding the Danish projects. Further discussion about the need of research, its content, means of support as well as its importance for the future of our profession in Europe is necessary. ‐ Martin Wangler, EAC Director of Academic Affairs ‐ Tom Michielsen, EAC Research Council Chairman Key messages: ‐All nations value the necessity of increasing research capacity ‐All nations should build their national research fund. ‐Lack of local research committees in smaller nations can be resolved by advice and coordination of the EAC Research Fund. ‐ECU national associations, although far more numerous in absolute numbers of practitioners, lag far behind in their efforts for financial support of research when compared with their Danish colleagues. If increasing research capacity is valued so highly, a larger effort will be required.
Volume 1, Issue 2 Page 5 Report from the Registrar There are many opportunities for European chiropractors to keep up to date with current knowledge and expand on areas of interest. The EAC, chiropractic colleges and private seminar providers offer a wide range of courses that can be found on the EAC website. We have made an effort to gather the courses that meet our CPD requirements on our website as a service to both chiropractors and course organisers. Seminar organisers can post events on the EAC website www.EACacademy.com. We now have an easy online application process for obtaining points for continuing education (CE) events. Generally, one hour of lecture/workshop is awarded 1 CPD point. Seminars that offer a 10% discount for EAC members will be posted for free on the EAC web site and no application fee will be charged. This gives the organisers an opportunity to support the EAC through a direct member benefit. Soon we will start an e‐mail service informing our members regularly of upcoming events. Fulfilling CPD requirements. An EAC member in good standing obtains at least 150 hours of continuing education over a 5 year period. An average of 30 hours a year is a requirement in many ECU countries with Switzerland topping the list at 80 hours per year. There are many routes for keeping knowledge up to date and we recognize that contact with colleagues at seminars and conferences as well as self‐study are all important methods. Central to learning is the ability to reflect on what has been learned and the ability to change practices based on this new evidence. The EAC offers an online system where our members can log their CPD points. The members that keep up with the recommended 30 hours a year will have the opportunity to be listed on the EAC web site with their name and a link to their clinic website (coming soon). This will be a country based directory where patients can find a chiropractor who holds the minimum requirement for continuing education. If you forget to log your points, you will be reminded. Non‐active members will be invisible to the public until the minimum requirement is met. The public will not have access to actual points or qualifications, only the name and website link. National associations that enroll all members can use the system to insure that their members meet the standards of CE. The EAC hopes that through the above mentioned initiatives, we can utilise the website to provide increasing value to the national associations, course organisers and not least, our members. ‐Lise R Lothe, EAC Registrar Report from the Academic Dean Martin Wangler has been elected the new Dean of the European Academy of Chiropractic after Jean Robert stepped down from the position on November 25th 2010 in Barcelona. On the same day, the Academic Council held an important strategy meeting step to define and recognize the EAC’s strengths, as well as its boundaries with the goal of becoming the independent academic arm of the ECU within the next five years. During the ECU General Council meeting November 26‐27 2010, ECU member nations were very pleased to see a concrete strategy plan for the future activities of the Academy. The Academic Council is convinced that regular and concise information will help to build momentum for future academic support by the profession in Europe. In this continuing interview, Martin Wangler discusses the EAC’s 5‐year strategy plan. Q: In 2007, the EAC was established by the General Council (GC) to assume the academic tasks of the ECU, including the academic convention programme and the Research Council. In the intervening years, the Academic Council (AC) has worked on developing a structure to enable the Academy to fulfil the tasks assigned by the GC. What does that mean for you as the dean of the Academy? National associations are responsible for their Graduate Education Programmes (GEP) and Continuing Professional Development (CPD). From my point of view, as the dean of the Academy, the ECU is the body responsible for the quality and the standards of GEP and CPD, which may be outsourced to accrediting bodies where appropriate. The Academy is not a provider of GEP, but facilitates associations in implementing GEP (and CPD) requirements for their members. It will do this by providing a platform to bring together parties with varying levels of experience and expertise, and enabling these parties to share best practice. It will do this through formal mechanisms such as conferences and workshops, and also informally through individual contact. The associations will fund the EAC through contributions. At the present time, the Academy runs on an annual budget of app. 50’000 Euros, 50% of which is covered by ECU. In 2015, the Academy aims to expand its membership to 1500 thereby achieving financial independence. We are very thankful for ECU’s generous financial support for the year 2011. This way, the Academy will be able to make significant progress next year in its further development. Q: The Academy has developed a conceptual framework and a Model for a Graduate Education Programme (GEP) in
Page 6 The Academy Report Europe, already approved by the GC. What will be the next steps? As I already mentioned, the EAC is not a provider of GEP, but a facilitator. Under request from a national association, the Academy will support the individual ECU member nations in planning, implementing, and evaluating GEP. There will be a 1‐day educational conference in 2012 (Brussels), organized by the Academy. There experts from established national postgraduate institutions such as the College of Chiropractors (UK) and the Swiss Academy for Chiropractic and all official national representatives for graduate education programmes in Europe will gather to exchange educational know‐how and to assess what is happening in graduate education in chiropractic outside of their country. This 1‐day conference next year will be an excellent platform, where individual nations might get ideas, help and support concerning GEP and CPD in their country, customized, of course, to their own national needs. Q: In addition to this, the EAC has started to validate and award CPD points for academically oriented seminars throughout Europe. What does that mean for ECU member nations and for CPD providers in Europe? The EAC already approves CPD events in one of two ways: First, it recognises outside providers (e.g., ECCE‐accredited institutions, national colleges and academies, national associations) and approves CPD points or hours, and second, other CPD being submitted to the EAC, is judged by a consensus panel which awards CPD points. In both cases, applications are submitted electronically on the EAC website. In addition to that, the EAC is itself a provider of CPD. The Academic Council of the EAC has decided to start an annual programme of one day seminars, which will be held at different European locations, in order to offer to ECU members more CPD opportunities and to assist national associations with their CPD and GEP programmes. At least 2 seminar topics will be offered at 2 different locations each, in the months between successive ECU conventions. Topics will be selected from highly attended convention sessions or workshops. The first EAC CPD Seminar will take place in Brussels, May 7th 2011 on ‘Painful Shoulder Syndrome ‐ Management and Rehabilitation: What is the Evidence’ presented and moderated by Mark Webster BSc, DC, MSc, FCC (Ortho). EAC has accredited this workshop for 6 CPD points. Q: With the assistance of the ECU, a joint venture with COCA was agreed upon to provide the peer reviewed online journal “Chiropractic and Manual Therapies (C&MT)”. What does that mean for ECU chiropractors and chiropractic institutions? Until 2013, all research authors will not pay for publication of their article in this online journal. The EAC and ECU in their ongoing efforts to promote chiropractic research will in the first few years foot the bill. C&MT can be easily and freely accessed on the website: www.chiroandosteo.com, thus disseminating the articles also to those who live in areas where there is no library. Practitioners, as well as faculty staff members of chiropractic institutions, present and future Graduate Education Programmes (GEP) ‐ especially from small ECU member nations – will have free access to this publication. This will aid in closing the gap between research and practice. Furthermore, the Academy is planning to conduct a survey to determine what chiropractic practitioners read, want to read, their use of electronic resources is, and if the EAC should provide services in the form of electronic journal access for its members and fellows. Q: At the same time, specialty colleges have been established to provide a faculty for future CPD projects and to set the standards in their field of interest and expertise. What do you expect from these fellows? Under the excellent leadership of EAC’s Registrar, Lise Lothe, and the professional support of EAC colleges’ governing bodies, four Master Classes will be offered during the ECU Convention in Zurich in June 2011. They will be hands‐on workshops, open for all ECU members having special interests in paediatrics, sports, clinical chiropractic and/or chiropractic education. Q: During the Academic Council meeting November 25 2010, the AC has decided to focus on a 5‐year strategy plan. What is its main content? The AC has decided to focus on a 5‐year strategy plan with the aim of (1) facilitating national GEP based on agreed quality standards and (2) providing high quality CPD in Europe. This plan includes the development of an interactive website in order to create CPD portfolio for each member and fellow of the Academy, interactive forum groups of special interests, newsflashes for “x‐ray cases”, upcoming seminars, workshops and news from the Academy, as well as an online credit card payment system for membership, fellowship and CPD seminars; most content of the EAC website has already been realized with the professional help of Nick Nick Piponides, Beth Anastasiades, Claire Wilmot and all EAC AC members and is already available to our members and fellows. Practitioners will have the opportunity to publish their names on the EAC website as ‘EAC members/fellows in good CPD standing’ after having proven their CPD portfolio. Starting in 2011, low cost easily accessible day‐seminars based on the existing convention infrastructure and expanding on the best attended lectures & workshops will be offered several times at different locations in Europe, for CPD on a regular basis and GEP purposes under request from national associations. Four Master Classes offered by EAC Specialty Colleges will be held at the ECU Convention 2011 in Zurich, including ongoing faculty training for GEP. Additionally, fellows of the Academy will prepare clinical updates in their field of special interest to assist everyday practitioners in their clinical decision making and in evidence based practice.
Page 7 The Academy Report For 2012, an online template for presenting national GEP in order to facilitate exchange of know how will be ready for national use. In addition, online podcast sessions of lectures and seminars as well as webinars will be available for Academy’s members. Collaboration with existing national postgraduate colleges (e.g., academies, agencies) in the area of CPD will certainly not only improve the quality of education after graduation, but also enlarge the diversity of CPD offers in Europe. In 2013 an e‐learning platform for Continuing Professional Development CPD will be initiated and implemented in 2014. Development of an assessment method for GEP graduates in order to provide future Doctor of Chiropractic (DC) diplomas will have been dealt with by the end of 2014. Q: In summary, what is your personal vision concerning the future of the Academy? Benefits for individual members of associations will be through the EAC providing (1) a platform to meet – on e‐forums, seminars and conferences ‐ and (2) providing services in the form of electronic journal access, clinical updates, podcasts, webinars, and journal clubs to all of its members. These services will be provided through the special interest groups of the EAC and their fellows. I am personally convinced, that such benefits, when fully implemented, will eventually lead to collective membership of EAC i.e., that funding of the work of the Academy will be then through the associations. Each member of the association will therefore automatically become a member of the EAC through the association’s membership. Q: How will you achieve that? Little steps can only achieve this. The Academy has to show that its administrative costs could be reduced to a minimum in order to use its resources mainly to provide a platform for academic exchange, to facilitate the quality of the GEP and CPD in Europe: (1) The structure of the Academy must be simplified but professionalized (2) The Academy will aim to expand its membership to 1500 within the next 4 years thereby achieving financial independence (3) By 2014, EAC’s future services and benefits must satisfy all individual ECU member nations so that they will fund the work of the Academy through collective membership (4) The EAC will still recognise individuals, through fellowships of the Academy. These fellows will be expected to contribute to the services provided to the associations and their members on the basis of their special interests. This way each ECU member nation will profit on the basis of its individual needs, profiting from inter‐national, ‐institutional, and ‐professional collaboration but keeping its professional autonomy. (5) Part of my personal vision is, that the Academy will recognise outside providers and approve CPD points or hours without further scrutiny, still keeping judgment of individual CPD providers by a consensus panel to award CPD hours or points, as is already done today. At this occasion, I would like to thank all members of the Academic Council , all administrative and academic staff members and fellows of the Academy for their strong commitment and input for triggering quality and growth of the European Academy of Chiropractic. ‐ Martin Wangler, Academic Dean News from the Specialty Colleges College of Paediatrics I’d like to welcome you all as members of the EAC to join us at the ECU in Zurich for the paediatric safety workshop. We will address not only the infant, but the developing child and athlete. Please encourage your colleagues to join us as well. All of the colleges of the EAC are working to provide current information which will help to make us all better chiropractors. You can read about them on the EACsite (www.eacacademy.com). Each college is working to provide continually updated educational opportunities. Besides workshops, the paediatric college is working to provide a forum of interactive discussion with members where questions can be brought to the table. This provides more practical education which is gained through not only your own experiences but also of others. The collective experiences, questions and discussions act to benefit everyone. Besides, high quality post‐graduate education, we are working to provide more research in our field. We are developing forms to be used by practitioners so the information gathered will provide greater numbers making the studies stronger and more valid. To do these things we need members. By joining the pediatric college within EAC you can contribute to the continued development of chiropractic paediatrics. We look forward to welcoming many of you as members in the Paediatric College of the EAC and to working together with you! For those of you with other interests, check out the other colleges of the EAC on the EAC website. ‐Joyce Miller, BSc, DC, DABCO; Sue A. Weber, BSc, DC, MSc; Prab S. Chandhok, MSc, DC, CCEP
Page 8 The Academy Report College of Clinical Chiropractic The College of Clinical Chiropractic is pleased to announce that it will be presenting a Master Class at the ECU 2011 Convention on the following topic: The X‐Factor Chiropractic! Technique Selection Criteria for Patients with Low‐Back Pain with Radiation into the Leg. Location: ECU Convention 2011, Zurich, Switzerland Date: Friday, 3 June 2011 Time: Session 3B: Concurrent Workshops at 14:30 – 16:00, continued in Session 4B: Concurrent Workshops at 16:30 – 18:00 Note: Although the class will be continued from the first to the second workshop sessions, each session also stands alone. Using a new format, this class will consist of a panel of six experienced practitioners who will each, in turn, present his/her specific approach to two case scenarios. Each will explain his/her choices, providing a rationale, evidence where available, and suggesting plausible mechanisms. The presenter will then undergo critical scrutiny from colleague‐panel members, and will answer questions from the attendees. The goal is to generate an on‐going discussion on technique in chiropractic practice, to discover what we are doing, when, and why. The panel participants are Richard Brown, Tammy de Koekkoek, Brian Hammond, Martin Merz, Ed Rothman, and Marco Vogelsang, with David Byfield as moderator. As EAC member, your questions and comments will be given priority in the interactive phases of each session. Fellows of the Specialty Colleges are invited to submit topics for future classes, and feedback on this first class. In future master classes, we expect to extend direct participation to the Fellows. To register, go to the online registration page for the convention at: www.ecuconventions.com For information on the Specialty colleges and Fellowship, please see the EAC website at: www.eacacademy.com EAC Events at the ECU 2011 Convention Day Date Time Meeting Wednesday 01 June 2011 09.00‐18.00 EAC European Research Forum Wednesday 01 June 2011 18.00‐19.00 EAC College of Researchers GA Thursday 02 June 2011 18.00‐19.01 EAC College of Educators GA Thursday 02 June 2011 18.00‐19.00 EAC College of Paediatrics GA Friday 03 June 2011 14.30‐17.30 EAC Academic Council Friday 03 June 2011 17.30‐18.30 EAC GEP Meeting Friday 03 June 2011 18.00‐19.00 EAC College of Clinical GA Friday 03 June 2011 18.00‐19.00 EAC College of Sports GA Friday 03 June 2011 19.30‐20.30 EAC /AECC Cocktail European Academy of Chiropractic Secretary General: Eschnerstrasse 9, 9494 SCHAAN, Liechtenstein Tel.: +423 232 9832, Fax: +423 232 9822, E‐mail: firstname.lastname@example.org