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# IGCSE - Map Work Basics

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• 1. Map Work The Basics
• 2. Scale
• 1:50000, 1:25000, 1 cm = 500m, etc. etc. What does it all mean?
• 3. Scale
• Measure and calculate distance and area.
• 4. Location
• Locate points by grid reference ( 4 and 6 figure).
• 5. Location
• and latitude and longitude.
• 6. Location
• Orientation by direction and bearing.
• 7. Relief
• Show height and slope - spot heights, triangulation points, contours, layer and hill shading, cliff symbols.
http://www.cchs.co.uk/subjects/geography/ks3/resources/exercises/map-symbols/map-symbols.htm
• 8. Relief
• Working out gradient – steep or gentle.
http://geology.isu.edu/geostac/Field_Exercise/topomaps/slope_calc.htm http://www.geographyhigh.connectfree.co.uk/s3osintervisibilityd.html http://147.238.144.82/umw/animations/ORD_005a6e.htm
• 9. Relief
• Constructing sketch and cross profiles.
http://geology.isu.edu/geostac/Field_Exercise/topomaps/topo_profiles.htm
• 10. The Key or Legend
• Recognize and interpret map symbols commonly used on maps from different countries.
• 11. Imaging
• Gain familiarity with satellite images,
• 12. Imaging
• aerial and oblique photographs.