Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
1   Intro To Farming
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

1 Intro To Farming

3,641
views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology, Business

1 Comment
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
3,641
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
114
Comments
1
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2.  
  • 3. Agriculture What is agriculture? Why do we study it? How can farming and agriculture be classified? How can a systems approach help us with this classification?
  • 4. The Systems Approach
    • What are the inputs?
    • What are the processes?
    • What are the outputs?
    • How and why do these vary between different agricultural systems?
    Inputs Processes Outputs Feedback
  • 5. Classifying Agriculture
    • Subsistence and commercial
    • Arable and pastoral
    • Dairy farming
    • Market gardening
    • Extensive and intensive
    • Shifting (Nomadic) and sedentary
    Some KEY WORDS Yield, harvest, crops, livestock, Genetic Modification GM, cross breeding, High Yield Varieties HYV, pesticides, herbicides, fertilizer, eutrophication irrigation, organic, cash crops, hectare, drought, Green Revolution.
  • 6. For most of human history we have been hunter gathers. In the Neolithic Revolution 12000 years ago we started farming (domesticating animals and planting seeds) There are still tribes who are hunter gatherers. They rely on a highly developed knowledge of their natural environment. Bushcraft
  • 7. Subsistence farming and commercial farming. Most of the world’s farmers are women.
  • 8. Nomadic farmers will move their cattle to follow the rains. Remember the seasonal migration of the ITCZ? This is an example of human adaptation.
  • 9. Rice is an example of arable farming. In Asia rice is one of the staple crops and it feeds a huge percentage of the world population in countries like India and China. There is currently a world food crises and rising rice prices are causes significant problems
  • 10. Dairy farming – this is an example of pastoral farming. Which type of farming do you think is more efficient, arable or pastoral?
  • 11. Wheat – this is arable and an example of intensive farming with many expensive inputs.
  • 12. Again, back to pastoral – two very different ways to breed chickens
  • 13. Market Gardening Intensive cultivation of high value products, like flowers or specialist plants
  • 14. Sheep farming – extensive agriculture with low inputs spread over a large area. Producing relatively low value products