Shared Inquiry Great Books


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Marg Mortimer
2010 ECU Gifted Conference

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  • Rational of a Jr. Great Books Program Rich, complex, thought provoking literature used as the basis of group discussion facilitated by at teacher’s guided questions of interpretation teaches students to think for themselves. The Socratic Method: Teaching by Asking Instead of by Telling You know in Jr. Great Books you have to read things very, very carefully, Because you are thinking, thinking, thinking all the time -------Third Grade Student
  • JUNIOR GREAT BOOKS CLASSROOM MATERIALS series of classroom reading materials grades K-12 Anthologies that challenge readers and spark discussion Provides rich authentic pieces of literature with cultural variety Increases comprehension, fluency, vocabulary, and literary analysis skills through reading and discussion (Shared Inquiry Method) Note taking and writing activities advance learning Teacher’s editions include activities, objectives, step-by-step explanations, and questions for Shared Inquiry discussions PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT WORKSHOP Two day training on Junior Great Books and how to facilitate JGB discussions using Shared Inquiry Continuing education credit (10 hours) is available to teachers Price ranges from $125 (group rate) to $265 per individual teacher Consultation days and customized workshops also available
  • begins with a question reflecting your own genuine doubt always provides a chance to write an answer requires the leader to ask questions only directs students to the text for evidence encourages students to agree and disagree focuses discussion on the opening question
  • Text Opener-- Prepares students to connect with the text Think about a time that thinking about a friend far away helped you get through a bad time First Reading– Helps students get an overall ideal of the text and begin to formulate questions Note places in the text that you questioned or found interesting Sharing Questions-- Students notice and value their responses Write anything that puzzles you or you find interesting Second Reading with Directed Notes– Encourages close reading and start of drawing connections Mark places in the text where Hamptom and Arha feel close (c) or not close (nc) to others Vocabulary-- Opportunity to discuss any vocabulary Shared Inquiry Discussion-- Teacher facilitates discussion following 4 rules of Shared Inquiry According to the text, Is Hampton an honest person Writing Activity-- Opportunity to write helps to consolidate thinking and assimilate ideas
  • High Quality Writings Multiple Readings Reading Strategies Interpretive Questions Directed Notes Vocabulary Modeled Cognitive Processes
  • Shared Inquiry Great Books

    3. 3. RATIONAL <ul><li>Great Books Program </li></ul><ul><li>Thought provoking literature </li></ul><ul><li>facilitates student centered, collaborative </li></ul><ul><li>discussion through the leaders use of interpretive questioning </li></ul><ul><li>Teaches students how to think ….not what to think </li></ul><ul><li>Provides teacher strategies that help students master essential skills </li></ul><ul><li>Moves students towards excellence in: Reading Comprehension, Critical thinking, Writing, Speaking & Listening </li></ul><ul><li>Supports New Core Standards like they were written by GBF </li></ul><ul><li>Aliens with The National Staff Development Council's Standards for Staff Development </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes excitement in the classroom! </li></ul>
    4. 4. Summary of the New Core ELA Standards <ul><li>Prepare students for college &career reading by HS graduation </li></ul><ul><li>Standards are building blocks for successful classrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Standards defer “what and how to teach” issues to locals </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum built by teachers and local governments – not federal </li></ul><ul><li>Standards mandate critical types of content for all students </li></ul>
    5. 5. New Core Standards-ELA Reading <ul><li>Establish a “staircase” of increasing complexity in reading </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Classic myths and stories from around the world </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Foundational and Primary U.S. documents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seminal works of American literature, and Shakespeare </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Core of the Core ELA Standards <ul><li>Expect students to: Build knowledge Gain more from whatever is read Explore possibilities Broaden perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Read diverse array of: </li></ul><ul><li> Classic & contemporary world lit Challenging informational texts Subjects that vary across classes </li></ul>
    7. 7. FOUNDATION OFFERINGS Students Read, Discuss, and Learn from Great Writings Teachers Facilitate with Questions Teacher Editions Student Anthologies Activity Books /Journals Tapes & Audios Literature Non-Fiction & Cross Curriculum materials K-12 with Step by Step Guides Core (two day) Course PD & Graduate Credits Consultation and Modeling Days Advanced Courses “ What Works” for Teacher Learning Taught by GBF staff Master Level Teachers Professional Development Classroom Materials Shared Inquiry Discussions
    8. 8. SCHOOL IMPLEMENTATIONS <ul><li>JGB IN THE GIFTED CLASS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pull out groups (K-12) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Across the curriculum (6-12) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used in a single classroom (K-12) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>JGB IN THE WHOLE SCHOOL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be differentiated to serve all students </li></ul></ul><ul><li>JGB IN INQUIRY OR IB PROGRAMS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PYP, MYP, HS (-or Core Knowledge, etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>JGB AS A VOLUNTEER LED BOOK CLUB </li></ul><ul><li>COLLEGE LEVEL AND ADULT GROUPS </li></ul>
    9. 9. SHARED INQUIRY RULES 1 2 3 4 1. Everyone reads the same version of the text 2. Discussion is limited to the text 3. All answers are respected but must be supported by evidence from the text 4. Leaders only ask questions
    10. 10. DEMO- SHARED INQUIRY <ul><li>Pre Reading </li></ul><ul><li>First Reading with Sharing Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Second Reading with Directed Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Shared Inquiry Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Writing Activity </li></ul>
    11. 11. GETTING READY <ul><li>STUDY THE STORY </li></ul><ul><li>FORMULATE QUESTONS </li></ul><ul><li>REVIEW RULES </li></ul><ul><li>USE A SEATING CHART </li></ul>What do you mean by? Have you heard an idea you disagree with? What so you think of ___ideas? Where do you find that in the text? AGREE QUESTIONS DISAGREE NEW IDEAS Focus Question:________________Answer_______________
    12. 12. DEMO <ul><li>Wolf </li></ul><ul><li>Search for “video” and “free samples” </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.GREATBOOKS.ORG </li></ul>
    13. 13. 2- First Reading with Sharing Questions
    14. 14. 3 - Second Reading with Directed Notes
    15. 15. 4 - Vocabulary
    16. 16. 5 - Shared Inquiry Discussion
    17. 17. 6 - Writing Activity
    18. 18. Roundtable for Middle Schools <ul><li>For Students . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement of reading comprehension, critical thinking, and writing skills </li></ul><ul><li>Growth as successful learners and thinkers </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in a collaborative classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Development of cognitive, emotional and social intelligences </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to learn and practice 21st century skills </li></ul>
    19. 19. Roundtable for Middle School <ul><li>For Teachers . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Paradigm shift in the way they teach </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of 21st century skills into curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of the reading and writing processes </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting of mandated standards </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of students to meet AYP </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility to differentiate </li></ul>
    20. 20. Communication Skills <ul><li>Shared Inquiry Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>… ..Students “dig” collaboratively in a text </li></ul><ul><li>… .test their ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>…… .develop critical thinking </li></ul><ul><li>… .. form habits for well-informed global citizens practicing civil discourse. </li></ul><ul><li>Student centered exploration of key ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretations with text evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Allows learning from ideas of others </li></ul>
    21. 21. Comprehension <ul><li>Quality Interpretive Writings </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Readings </li></ul><ul><li>Models Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretive Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Directed Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul>
    22. 22. WRITING SKILLS Click to add subtitle <ul><li>Extends Response to Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Mirrors Thinking on Paper </li></ul><ul><li>Progression of Skills K-12 are staged </li></ul><ul><li>Variety of Writing Forms </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Graphic Organizers, Webs etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment Tools and Rubrics (new) </li></ul>
    23. 23. CRITICAL THINKING Critical Thinking Clarify IDEAS Consider All RESPONSES Seek Text EVIDENCE Interpretive Questions Student Centered Exploration of Core Ideas
    24. 24. REVIEWS & RESEARCH <ul><li>Exceptional alignment with new Common Core Standards </li></ul><ul><li>“ What Works ” Comprehensive School Reform Review Panel, National DOE –1 of only 3 chosen in all school categories </li></ul><ul><li>American Federation of Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>National Staff Development Council </li></ul><ul><li>National Jarvis Project for Language Arts Research </li></ul><ul><li>Edna McConnell Clark Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>CA, KY, NE and other Departments of Education </li></ul>
    25. 25. IMPLEMENTATION Plan Materials Train Teachers Measure and Share Consultation Days Jr. Great Books Plan Goals
    26. 26. PRODUCT COSTS $59.95 Starting Off Strong kit –a Guide plus 30 student books $243 TO $250 Per Teacher WORKSHOPS $1500 to $2000 Per Day ADVANCED TRAINING AND CONSULTATION DAYS $55.95 CD AUDIOS Included in Roundtable $14.95 STUDENT JOURNALS (3-5) On Roundtable CD $49.95 $295.00 TEACHER EDITIONS (3-5) Roundtable (6-8) $16.95 $19.95 STUDENT EDITIONS (3-5) Roundtable (6-8) 3-5 & 6-8 PRODUCT
    27. 27. <ul><li>Literature: Modern American Poetry, The Great Gatsby, and the Scarlet Letter </li></ul><ul><li>Science: The Nature of Life and Keeping Things Whole </li></ul><ul><li>Social Studies: Will of the People & Citizens of the World </li></ul><ul><li>Conversaciones: Spanish Language </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated Study: Perfection Learning Literature and Thought Series </li></ul>JGB Across the Curriculum
    28. 28. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT Effective Teachers--The most important factor affecting student achievement <ul><li>TO: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Questioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conversational tone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple correct answers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student validates-with text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouragement - expansive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instruct, coach and model </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FROM: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Telling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interrogational tone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One correct answer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher validates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Praise - judgmental </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assign and assess </li></ul></ul>
    29. 29. <ul><li>Score higher on written and oral assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Make substantial gains in critical thinking & reading </li></ul><ul><li>Improve reading vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Succeed and grow in heterogeneous classrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Learn to think and have fun learning </li></ul>Proven Results JGB Students:
    30. 30. Planning <ul><li>Identify student & teacher needs </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a plan that integrates JGB into your curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Commit to staff development </li></ul><ul><li>Determine assessment of impact </li></ul><ul><li>Hold stakeholder meeting(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Continue training </li></ul>
    31. 31. Support <ul><li>Select a Site Coordinator </li></ul><ul><li>Identify Mentors </li></ul><ul><li>Arrange Regular Teacher Meetings </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prepare lessons together </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss use of Jr. Great Books programs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Schedule Continued GBF Support </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modeling or consultation Days after core training </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For the best model, include 5 contact per teacher </li></ul></ul></ul>
    32. 32. IB Factors <ul><li>JGB and Shared Inquiry Method </li></ul><ul><li>Reflects national and international practices and standards </li></ul><ul><li>Provides culturally diverse literature focused on connection, perspective and responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Develops essential communication and thinking skills </li></ul><ul><li>Balances classroom practice, student learning and assessments </li></ul>
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