Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Java development with MongoDB
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Java development with MongoDB


Published on

Presented at MongoSF on April 30, 2010.

Presented at MongoSF on April 30, 2010.

Published in: Technology

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. Java Development with MongoDB James Williams Software Engineer, BT/Ribbit
  • 2. Agenda Java Driver basics Making Connections Managing Collections BasicDBObjectBuilder Document Queries GridFS Morphia Beyond the Java language Groovy utilities Grails plugin
  • 3. Making a Connection import com.mongodb.Mongo; import com.mongodb.DB; Mongo m = new Mongo(); Mongo m = new Mongo( "localhost" ); Mongo m = new Mongo( "localhost" , 27017 ); DB db = m.getDB( "mydb" );
  • 4. Working with Collections Getting all collections in the database Set<String> colls = db.getCollectionNames(); for (String s : colls) { System.out.println(s); } Getting a single collection DBCollection coll = db.getCollection("testCollection")
  • 5. Inserting Documents BasicDBObject doc = new BasicDBObject(); doc.put("name", "MongoDB"); doc.put("type", "database"); doc.put("count", 1); BasicDBObject info = new BasicDBObject(); info.put("x", 203); info.put("y", 102); doc.put("info", info); coll.insert(doc);
  • 6. BasicDBObjectBuilder Utility for building objects Can coerce Maps (and possibly JSON*) to DBObjects Example: BasicDBObjectBuilder.start() .add( "name" , "eliot" ) .add( "number" , 17 ) .get();
  • 7. Document Queries DBObject myDoc = coll.findOne(); // can also use BasicDBObject query = new BasicDBObject(); query.put("i", 71); DBCursor cur = coll.find(query);
  • 8. GridFS mechanism for storing files larger than 4MB files are chunked allowing fetching of a portion or out of order chunking is mostly transparent to underlying operating system can store files in buckets, a MongoDB metaphor for folders default is the fs bucket
  • 9. Saving a file to GridFS def mongo = new Mongo(host) def gridfs = new GridFS(mongo.getDB("db")) def save(inputStream, contentType, filename) { def inputFile = gridfs.createFile(inputStream) inputFile.setContentType(contentType) inputFile.setFilename(filename) }
  • 10. Retrieving/Deleting a file def retrieveFile(String filename) { return gridfs.findOne(filename) } def deleteFile(String filename) { gridfs.remove(filename) }
  • 11. Morphia Apache 2 Licensed brings Hibernate/JPA paradigms to MongoDB allows annotating of POJOs to make converting them between MongoDB and Java very easy supports DAO abstractions offers type-safe query support compatible with GWT, Guice, Spring, and DI frameworks
  • 12. Morphia Annotations @Id @Entity @Embedded @Reference @Indexed @Serialized @Property
  • 13. Creating a Morphia POJO import*; @Entity("collectionName") public class Contact { @Id private String id; //generated by MongoDB private String firstName; private String lastName; @Embedded private List<PhoneNumber> phoneNumbers; // getters and setters }
  • 14. Mapping a POJO to a Mongo doc Morphia morphia = ...; Mongo mongo = ...; DB db = mongo.getDB("contacts"); Contact contact = ...; // map the contact to a DBObject DBObject contactObj = morphia.toDBObject(contact); db.getCollection("personal").save(contactObj);
  • 15. Getting a POJO from a Mongo doc Morphia morphia = ...; Mongo mongo = ...; DB db = mongo.getDB("contacts"); String contactId = ...; //load the object from the collection BasicDBObject idObj = new BasicDBObject( "_id", new ObjectId(contactId) ); BasicDBObject obj = (BasicDBObject) db.getCollection("personal").findOne(idObj); Contact contact = morphia.fromDBObject(Contact.class, obj);
  • 16. DAOs Encapsulate saving and retrieving objects Auto-converts to and from POJOs Can provide constraints on searches Key functions: get(<mongoId>) find() or find(constraints) findOne(constraints) deleteById(<mongoId>)
  • 17. DAO Example import com.mongodb.Mongo import* class EntryDAO extends DAO<BlogEntry,String> { public EntryDAO(Morphia morphia, Mongo mongo) { super(mongo, morphia, "entries") } }
  • 18. Constraints Examples dao.find(new Constraints() . orderByDesc("dateCreated") ).asList() dao.find( new Constraints() .field("dateCreated").greaterThanOrEqualTo(date).field("title"). equalTo(params.title) ).asList()
  • 19. Beyond the Java Language
  • 20. MongoDB with Groovy Metaprogramming with MongoDB can reduce LOC Dynamic finders Fluent interface mirroring Ruby and Python
  • 21. Groovy + MongoDB Java BasicDBObject doc = new BasicDBObject(); doc.put("name", "MongoDB"); doc.put("type", "database"); doc.put("count", 1); coll.insert(doc); Groovier def doc = [name:"MongoDB",type:"database", count:1, info: [x:203, y:102] ] as BasicDBObject coll.insert(doc) Grooviest (using groovy-mongo) coll.insert([name:"MongoDB", type:"database", info: [x:203, y:102]])
  • 22. Dynamic Finders can build complex queries at runtime can even reach into objects for addition query parameters Ex. collection.findByAuthorAndPostCreatedGreaterThan(...) collection.findByComments_CreatedOn(...)
  • 23. How dynamic finders work Groovy receives the request for the method The method is not found (invoking methodMissing) The method name used to construct a query template The method is cached The method is invoked with the parameters Future invocations use the cached method
  • 24. MongoDB Grails Plugin Replaces JDBC layer in Grails applications Can use dynamic finders Requires only slight modifications to domain classes
  • 25. Links Personal Blog: Twitter: Morphia: Utilities for Groovy: MongoDB Grails plugin: http://github. com/mpriatel/mongodb-grails