Key figures in the
development of stop
By Remi Burgher
Willis O’ Brien was born in California in 1886
and had a variety of jobs which had contributed
to his success. When he was young he
recognized that he could animate models using
the same principles as cartoonists. His technique
was building model and moving it part by part
using one frame at a time. When moving it fast it
will make the model look realistic.
Ray Harryhausen was key in the
delevopment of stop motion, he is know for
personifing movie magic. He brought visual
strengh to stop motion changing its
preception to his audience. He used military
clips and created a short puppertoon fairy
tale stories. He also worked along side
Willis O Brien and Marcel Delgado on
Mighty Joe Young in 1949. Soon after that
Warner Brothers hired him to do the
special affects for the film The Beast from
200,000 Fathoms (1953).
Jan Svankmajer was from Prague and
studied at the Institue of Industrial Arts
and Marionette Faculty of Prague in the
50’s. He then started workibf the theatre
director associated with the Theatre of
Mask and Blaxk Theatre. He started to
create short films in 1964 and carried on
working on them for 20 years. However
he finally achieved his ambition of making
a feature film based on Lewis Carrol’s
Alice in Wonderland (1988).
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