Presentation On Logging Ban Moratorium Final Long


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Presentation to the Foundation for Economic Freedom of the Philippine Wood Producers Association

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Presentation On Logging Ban Moratorium Final Long

  1. 1. <ul><li>The PWPA: An Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose of the Call to His Excellency, President Aquino III </li></ul><ul><li>State of the Forests </li></ul><ul><li>Experts Views: Forests & Floods </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Forest Management: Key to Conservation </li></ul><ul><li>DENR Involvement in Regulatory Measures </li></ul><ul><li>Impact of Log Ban </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>PWPA: Where we are </li></ul>AF - Agro-Forestry CBFMA - Community-Based Forest Management Agreement FGLA - Forest Land Grazing Lease Agreement GRBS - Game Refuge and Bird Sanctuary IFMA - Integrated Forest Management Agreement IPRA - Indigenous Peoples Rights Act SIFMA - Socialized Integrated Forest Management Agreement TF - Tree Farms TLA - Timber License Agreement
  3. 4. <ul><li>CONCERNS OF THE INDUSTRY </li></ul><ul><li>LOG BAN/MORATORIUM </li></ul><ul><li>ILLEGAL LOGGING </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>(Sources: FRA 2003-2005. DENR/FMB and 2008 Philippine Forestry Statistics. DENR/FMB, various Editions up to 2008) </li></ul>Total land area of the country - 30M ha 1.0 M ha (3%) 15 M ha (50%) 14 M ha (47%) Classified Forestland Unclassified Forestland A & D Land Forest Cover in A&D Lands = 0.7 M ha Forest Land & its Occupancy With forest cover 6.4M ha (43%) Without forest cover 8.6M ha (57%) Classified forestland 15 M ha
  5. 6. <ul><li>Forest Conversion is the Main Cause of Forest Cover Loss </li></ul>Period 1934-1945 1945 - 1955 1955-1965 1965-1975 1975-1985 1985-1990 Total ‘ 34-’90 Ave. Ann. Loss % Forest Cover Loss Beginning Balance 17000 15700 13900 11600 8600 6600 - - Less Losses due to: Forest conversion 1260 1740 2200 2835 1880 460 10375* 185 95% Logging damage 40 60 100 165 120 40 525** 9 5% Total 1300 1800 2300 3000 2000 500 10900 194 100% Ending Balance 15700 13900 11600 8600 6600 6100 - -
  6. 7. Consumption/Sources of Wood 3 M cum - Industrial Round Timber (Logs) 40 M cum - Fuelwood, including Charcoal (Source: 2008 Phil. Forestry Statistics. DENR/FMB Sources of Wood Supply (in cum roundwood equiv., 5-yr ave. - 1999/2003) Type of Wood Consumption Local Import Unaccounted/Presumed illegal Industrial Wood 3 M 0.6 M 1.5 M 0.9 M Fuelwood 40 M 40 M nil n.k.
  7. 8. <ul><li>Food & Agriculture Organization </li></ul><ul><li>(Source: FORESTS AND FLOODS Drowning in fiction or thriving on facts, RAP Publication 2005/03 Forest Perspectives 2. FAO 2005) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forests have only limited influence on major downstream flooding, especially large scale events. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forests are capable of reducing run-off but this holds true on small-scale rainfall events. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Society of Filipino Foresters </li></ul><ul><li>(Source: Position Paper of the society of the Filipino Foresters, Inc. submitted to the Office of the President, January 19, 2011) </li></ul><ul><li>A log ban will not necessarily stop flooding and landslides . </li></ul><ul><li>Floods and landslides in Albay, Camarines Sur, Samar, Agusan, Zamboanga, Davao Provinces and Palawan are caused by prolonged and excessive rainfall. </li></ul>ON FORESTS & FLOOD/LANDSLIDES
  8. 9. <ul><li>UPLB College of Forestry & Natural Resources </li></ul><ul><li>(Source: Dr. Rex Cruz, Dean, UPLB College of Forestry & Natural Resources, January 28, 2011) </li></ul><ul><li>Most landslides and floods are triggered when rain becomes excessive beyond a threshold limit. </li></ul><ul><li>Presence of trees can help minimize shallow landslides and surface erosion but not deep seated landslide. </li></ul><ul><li>UPLB Forest Development Center </li></ul><ul><li>(Source: Dr. Antonio Carandang, Director, forest Development Center, UPLB College of Forestry & Natural Resources, January 27, 2011) </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable logging is a form of mitigation to climate change because it is a scientific way of preserving the carbon sequestered by trees at the same time enhancing capacity of the residual trees to sequester more carbon through growth. </li></ul><ul><li>During harvest, a great number of residuals are left that would grow and restock the area, this will replace back the volume cut and in some cases even exceed it. </li></ul>ON FORESTS & FLOOD/LANDSLIDES
  9. 10. <ul><li>Selective Logging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Entire area is divided into 25 equal annual cutting blocks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cut only matured trees that are at least 60 cm in diameter equal to 15-20 trees per hectare leaving thousands of young trees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Because of timber stand improvement and enrichment planting, the forest condition is improved enabling another cutting cycle. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiversity is preserved. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Prior to cutting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>inventory and tree marking and direction of fall </li></ul></ul><ul><li>During cutting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>only trees marked are allowed to be cut </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>scaling of logs to determine volume extracted to serve as basis for forest charges computation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Log Pond </li></ul><ul><ul><li>re-scaling and hatchet marking </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Shipping </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Certificate of Timber Origin (accountable forms), pre-cleared with DENR Head Office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Log Transport Permit (LTP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volume and LTP counter-checked with Bill of Lading signed by Captain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Destination Point </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All accompanying documents submitted to receiving DENR officer for verification/validation </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Effects on Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Dislocation of 2 million workers dependent on the wood industry </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of P30 Billion worth of investments </li></ul><ul><li>Shortage of wood supply for furniture, socialized housing, construction, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased importation of high-priced logs and other wood products </li></ul><ul><li>Tenured areas with good forest cover will become vulnerable to illegal logging, kaingin, etc. causing forest loss as in previous experience </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Total Log Ban will not improve forest cover </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal logging will continue per historical experience </li></ul><ul><li>Wood consumption will remain strong resulting in high price of wood further encouraging illegal logging </li></ul><ul><li>The government does not have adequate resources to protect the open-access areas and properly monitor movement of logs and other wood products </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>DECLARE WAR ON ILLEGAL LOGGING </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create anti-illegal logging multi-sectoral task force </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop granting of new wood processing plants permits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop issuance of new contracts/agreement that involves harvesting in natural forests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review/evaluate/audit existing Wood Processing Plants for legality and sustainability of operations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review & evaluate IFMA, SIFMA, CBFMAs and terminate violators </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>IMPLEMENT PPP CONCEPT OF GOVERNMENT TO INCREASE FOREST COVER </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Private sector to contribute planting materials to support Green Philippines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobilize investment for large-scale tree plantation by granting appropriate incentives and identifying available areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pass the Sustainable Forest Management Act to have policy stability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pass the Land Use Policy Act to define the final forest line boundary </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>Your Excellency, we appeal that the government reconsider its intention to proclaim a nationwide logging ban/moratorium on the production natural forest under the stewardship of responsible tenurial holders </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>The wood industry plays and can play an even larger role in promoting the country’s economic, social and environmental development, supporting the Aquino government’s aspirations for the nation. To address the challenges being posed by climate change and illegal logging, PWPA commits to: </li></ul><ul><li>Continue to champion sustainable forest management </li></ul><ul><li>Partner with the government on the National Greening Program </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate for environmental protection and climate change mitigation </li></ul><ul><li>Assist in the campaign against illegal logging </li></ul><ul><li>Support immediate/periodic audit of logging firms to validate adherence to Sustainable Forest Management </li></ul><ul><li>Support immediate/periodic audit of wood processing mills to determine sources of wood </li></ul>