Jamaica Bay Task Force
December 1, 2013
1

CONFIDENTIAL
Recovery, Rebuilding, and Resiliency

In the aftermath of Sandy, Mayor Bloomberg set up the Special Initiative for
Rebuild...
Agenda
 Sandy and the Risks of Climate Change
 PlaNYC: A Stronger, More Resilient New York
 Implementation

3

CONFIDEN...
Sandy

The experience of Hurricane Sandy leads to several key lessons.

1
2
3
4
5
6
4

Building codes work.
 1-story, com...
The Risks of Climate Change

NYC faces a range of risks from climate change into the 2020s and 2050s.
NYC Panel on Climate...
Agenda
 Sandy and the Risks of Climate Change
 PlaNYC: A Stronger, More Resilient New York
 Implementation

6

CONFIDEN...
A Stronger, More Resilient New York
A Stronger, More Resilient New York
• Analysis and recommendations built
on best avail...
Four Principles of Resiliency

To address the risks of climate change, the City has developed a plan that adheres to
four ...
Physical Resiliency

Investing in new infrastructure can help reduce the risk to our neighborhoods, critical
services, bus...
Physical Resiliency

The City’s plan includes detailed recommendations for a first line of defense on the
coastline.
Propo...
Physical Resiliency

As additional resources are found, the City’s plan calls for the completion of a full-build
set of co...
Physical Resiliency

The City’s plan also includes detailed recommendations for protecting buildings.
Buildings
 Strength...
Social and Economic Resiliency

Neighborhood enhancements, including land use changes, economic development, and
capacity-...
Social and Economic Resiliency

The City’s resiliency plan includes proposals to address challenges associated with
FEMA’s...
Resiliency Initiatives
This includes South Queens.

Plan Highlights
Develop comprehensive revitalization plans for Boardwa...
Resiliency Initiatives
Recently completed some key milestones in South Queens
 U.S. Army Corps beach
replenishment

 Jam...
Agenda
 Sandy and the Risks of Climate Change
 PlaNYC: A Stronger, More Resilient New York
 Implementation

17

CONFIDE...
Resiliency Team

… is coordinating the resiliency efforts of many agencies across the City.

LL84 (2013) :
 Enshrines str...
Implementation

…And while this is necessarily a long-term plan, the City has already taken steps, with
many partners, to ...
Website: www.nyc.gov/resiliency
Email: NYCresiliency@cityhall.nyc.gov
Twitter: @PlaNYC
20

CONFIDENTIAL
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  1. 1. Jamaica Bay Task Force December 1, 2013 1 CONFIDENTIAL
  2. 2. Recovery, Rebuilding, and Resiliency In the aftermath of Sandy, Mayor Bloomberg set up the Special Initiative for Rebuilding and Resiliency (SIRR)… The goals of SIRR were to identify ways to 1. Rebuild neighborhoods not just as they were, but better; and 2. Strengthen critical infrastructure systems by answering three key questions. Question 1 What happened during Sandy and why? 2 CONFIDENTIAL Question 2 What could happen in the future? Question 3 How do we rebuild post-Sandy and prepare for a future with climate change?
  3. 3. Agenda  Sandy and the Risks of Climate Change  PlaNYC: A Stronger, More Resilient New York  Implementation 3 CONFIDENTIAL
  4. 4. Sandy The experience of Hurricane Sandy leads to several key lessons. 1 2 3 4 5 6 4 Building codes work.  1-story, combustible, pre-1961 structures: 18% of inundated buildings; 73% of destroyed structures We must reject the false dichotomy of green vs. grey infrastructure.  The right solution will depend on specific and local risks Infrastructure systems are linked.  When the power goes out, nearly every other system goes out  Supply chains need to be hardened against emergencies Prepared communities bounce back more quickly.  Neighborhoods with strong, local ties are able to come together during the immediate recovery Sandy wasn’t a worst case scenario.  The timing of the storm determined its impacts We are vulnerable now and must act to reduce our risks.  Let others debate the causes, or even the existence, of climate change  The risks of extreme weather are here now CONFIDENTIAL
  5. 5. The Risks of Climate Change NYC faces a range of risks from climate change into the 2020s and 2050s. NYC Panel on Climate Change (NPCC) projects increased chronic climate hazards…  Increases in average temperature and precipitation  Sea levels likely to rise 1-2 ft.; maybe by 2½ ft. by 2050s …and increased impact from extreme weather events.  Higher frequency and magnitude of coastal flooding  More heat waves: number of days in NYC above 90⁰ could triple Analysis indicates a real cost of inaction…  Similar likelihood event in the 2050s could be 5 times as costly  Every $1 invested now saves $4 later through reduced damage …and the Sandy supplemental funds provide a unique opportunity to invest now to reduce those future risks. 5 CONFIDENTIAL
  6. 6. Agenda  Sandy and the Risks of Climate Change  PlaNYC: A Stronger, More Resilient New York  Implementation 6 CONFIDENTIAL
  7. 7. A Stronger, More Resilient New York A Stronger, More Resilient New York • Analysis and recommendations built on best available science • 257 initiatives, including 59 milestones to be met in 2013 • Recommendations to strengthen coastal defenses, improve buildings, protect infrastructure and make neighborhoods safer and more vibrant • Accountability measures and a clear implementation plan 7 CONFIDENTIAL
  8. 8. Four Principles of Resiliency To address the risks of climate change, the City has developed a plan that adheres to four core principles. 1 2 Acknowledge resource limits, but seek to stretch resources  Maximize benefits per dollar (including non-monetary benefits, such as vulnerability of population)  Leverage existing resources to increase return on investment 3 Create multiple defensive layers (reduce impacts, while allowing faster recovery)  First Layer: Coastal defenses (less flooding; less impact)  Second Layer: Buildings (less serious damage; faster rehabitation)  Third Layer: Infrastructure and critical systems (fewer outages; faster restoration) 4 8 Be ambitious, but seek achievability  Can be significantly more resilient  Aim for the stars, but do not fail to launch In impacted areas, do not abandon the waterfront (rebuild and, where possible, improve)  Fight for coastal neighborhoods CONFIDENTIAL
  9. 9. Physical Resiliency Investing in new infrastructure can help reduce the risk to our neighborhoods, critical services, businesses, and vulnerable populations. Newtown Creek Local Storm Surge Barrier 9 CONFIDENTIAL
  10. 10. Physical Resiliency The City’s plan includes detailed recommendations for a first line of defense on the coastline. Proposals The 1st phase of the $3.7 billion plan will include 37 initiatives to protect vulnerable areas from waves and inundation based on four key strategies: 1. Increase coastal edge elevations 2. Minimize upland wave zones 3. Protect against storm surge 4. Improve coastal design and governance 10 CONFIDENTIAL
  11. 11. Physical Resiliency As additional resources are found, the City’s plan calls for the completion of a full-build set of coastal protections that expand on its first phase strategies over time. 11 CONFIDENTIAL
  12. 12. Physical Resiliency The City’s plan also includes detailed recommendations for protecting buildings. Buildings  Strengthen City building code to increase flood and wind resiliency for new buildings  For 68,000 existing buildings in floodplain, initiate a $1.2B retrofit incentive for protection of building systems and, for the most vulnerable buildings, structural integrity.  Funds reserved for small homes, industrial buildings, and affordable housing in each borough  Mandate key system protection for largest buildings in City by 2030 12 CONFIDENTIAL
  13. 13. Social and Economic Resiliency Neighborhood enhancements, including land use changes, economic development, and capacity-building can also promote quicker recovery times. B. 116th Retail Corridor Enhancements 13 CONFIDENTIAL
  14. 14. Social and Economic Resiliency The City’s resiliency plan includes proposals to address challenges associated with FEMA’s National Flood Insurance Program. First floor: 4 ft below BFE At BFE 3 ft above BFE Premiums: NFIP Challenges City Proposals 1. Affordability  Repeal of subsidies under Biggert-Waters Act  New maps expanding 100-yr. floodplain 1. Promote and fund mitigation to reduce risk  Invest in risk reduction measures  Work with FEMA on credits for mitigation 2. Missing Data  FEMA lacks elevation data for many policies 2. Launch NYC affordability analysis  Work with FEMA to gather missing data  Advocate for Federal needs-based subsidies and lower-cost, higher-deductible policies 3. Low Uptake  80% of residential buildings inundated by Sandy did not have flood insurance coverage 14 CONFIDENTIAL 3. Advocate for delay of Biggert-Waters  Address affordability first
  15. 15. Resiliency Initiatives This includes South Queens. Plan Highlights Develop comprehensive revitalization plans for Boardwalk, B. 116th St., B. 108th St. and Mott Ave. Work with USACE to install double dune system in Breezy Pt. and to study system for rest of Rockaway Peninsula Work with USACE to study and install wetland and wave attenuation in Howard Beach Develop a plan to address frequent tidal inundation in Broad Channel and Hamilton Beach 15 CONFIDENTIAL
  16. 16. Resiliency Initiatives Recently completed some key milestones in South Queens  U.S. Army Corps beach replenishment  Jamaica Bay Science and Resilience Institute agreement signed with CUNY 16 CONFIDENTIAL
  17. 17. Agenda  Sandy and the Risks of Climate Change  PlaNYC: A Stronger, More Resilient New York  Implementation 17 CONFIDENTIAL
  18. 18. Resiliency Team … is coordinating the resiliency efforts of many agencies across the City. LL84 (2013) :  Enshrines structure  Requires annual progress reports  Requires quadrennial updates to the plan 18 CONFIDENTIAL
  19. 19. Implementation …And while this is necessarily a long-term plan, the City has already taken steps, with many partners, to advance many of its key initiatives, including these highlights. 1 2 3 4 19 CONFIDENTIAL Strengthening Coastal Defenses  Placed 1.2m cy of sand on City beaches  Expanded dune grass production  Launched feasibility study of Seaport City Upgrading Buildings  Passed 16 of 22 local laws to improve building resiliency  Launching building resiliency incentive program Protecting Critical Infrastructure and Services  Supported ConEd’s $1 billion in resiliency investments  Invested in expanded bluebelts  Launching telecom resiliency office Making Neighborhoods Safer and More Vibrant  Launched Game Changer competition  Advocated for affordability measures in NFIP  Released Staten Island beach concession RFEI
  20. 20. Website: www.nyc.gov/resiliency Email: NYCresiliency@cityhall.nyc.gov Twitter: @PlaNYC 20 CONFIDENTIAL

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