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Airbus Alternative Fuels (Targeting carbon-neutral aircraft operations)

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Presentació de J.José Benito, responsable de medi ambient d'Airbus España, en la sessió .Tecno d'Ecotendències, que va tenir lloc a CosmoCaixa, Barcelona, el 31 de gener de 2012.

Presentació de J.José Benito, responsable de medi ambient d'Airbus España, en la sessió .Tecno d'Ecotendències, que va tenir lloc a CosmoCaixa, Barcelona, el 31 de gener de 2012.

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Airbus Alternative Fuels (Targeting carbon-neutral aircraft operations) Airbus Alternative Fuels (Targeting carbon-neutral aircraft operations) Presentation Transcript

  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012Airbus Alternative FuelsTargeting carbon-neutral aircraft operations yDate: 31 January 2012Presented by Juan José Benito Martínez – Environmental Affairs
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012Contents 1. The context and objectives 2. Alternative fuels categories 3. Airbus Alternative Fuels Strategy 4. What’s needed now?Page 2 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012Contents 1. The context and objectives 2. Alternative fuels categories 3. Airbus Alternative Fuels Strategy 4. What’s needed now?Page 3 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012Airbus Overview... Passengers A380 600 Airbus facts: (End 2011) • 11.479 Orders • 7.042 Deliveries A340-600 500 • 4.437 a/c backlogg • 364 Operators 400 A350 XWB-1000 A330-300 A340-300 A340-500 A340 500 A350 XWB-900 300 A300-600 A330-200 A350 XWB-800 A310 A321 200 A320 A319 A318 100 Range 2000 4000 6000 8000 nmPage 4 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012Positive track record.......... IN THE LAST 40-50 YEARS … 40 50 75% noise reduction reduction, and 70% CO2 emissions reduction 100 90 Turbojets Engine fuel 80 Consumption 1st Generation Turbofans 2nd Generation Turbofans 70 60 Aircraft fuel More than 20dB 50 Burn per seat improvement 40 30 -70 % 20 10 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 Jan Jun Dec Jun Nov May Nov May Oct Lateral Noise Level, corrected for Aircraft Thrust 58 63 68 74 79 85 90 96 01 Aviation has already achieved tangible resultsPage 5 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012…but a significant challenge ahead Known technology, operations and infrastructure measures Economic measures Biofuels and additional technology No action CO2emissions Tech T h Ops Infra Carbon Biofuels + Neutral add. Tech Growth 2020 -50% by 2050 (schematic) 2005 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050Page 6 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012A sectorial challenge that needs different levers APUs Early aircraft New retirement materials Operations: Flight New aircraft procedures technologies CDAs Alternative Alt ti Fuels Infrastructure: Air traffic O ti Operations: management Weight reduction Economic measures Each lever has a part to play in meeting the g g global challenge gPage 7 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012…achievable with a basket of measures Green commercial flight: AF 6129 (13/10/2011 Toulouse-Paris Orly) made use of: T l P i Ol ) d f Product Aircraft weight Optimised Air Sustainable improvement i t reduction Traffic Management Alternative Fuel (ATM) and Efficient Continuous Descent Approach (CDA) 50% reduction in CO2 emissions** 54 g CO2 per passenger per km which is half the emissions of a conventional flight (2,2 l/passenger/100 km)Page 8 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012INFRASTRUCTURE ATM – SESAR, NextGen IATA: 4.8 M tons of CO2 / YearPage 9 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012Innovation at the heart of Eco-Efficiency Structures Systems Aerodynamics Engines Configurations - Integration The overall fuel burn saving potential is not the sum of the individual technologies. p p g g It depends upon the configuration of the aircraft and the integration of those in it.Page 10 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012A350 XWB – Efficiency by design Airframe with advanced materials (53% composite) State f th St t of the art aerodynamics (M0 85 cruise speed) t d i (M0.85 i d) Simple, efficient systems Latest generation engines g g An all new design for a step change in economic efficiencyPage 11 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012The lowest carbon emissions Lowest fuel burn Lowest CO2 emissions o es e ss o s Grams CO2 emitted p person p km per p per -25% 2 class layouts 80% load factor 4000nm sector Previous generation aircraft Airbus success in reducing fuel burn and emissionsPage 12 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012A320neo: A320 Family efficiencyimprovement package Sharklets: Fuel burn saving on long sectors Improved field performance New engines: Bypass ratio 9 to 12 Up to 81 inch fan diameter Lower SFC Lower noise levels Low risk, minimum change aircraft… ...yet up to 15% overall fuel burn reductionPage 13 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012 Double benefit of fuel efficiency improvement Reduced CO2 emissions Reduced NOx emissions CAEP/6 A320 A320neo - 15% CAEP/8 - 20% - 20% A320 A320neo A320 800 nm sector 1585 trips per year 3 600 tonnes less C02 emissions per aircraft and year Over 50% margin to most stringent NOx regulationPage 14 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. 14
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012Contents 1. The context and objectives 2. Alternative fuels categories 3. Airbus Alternative Fuels Strategy 4. What’s needed now?Page 15 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012Aviation Alternative FuelsTechnological & safety challenges NOTE: = Not Approved = Approved by: Fuel Type ASTM D1655 & or DEF STAN 91-91 Cryogenic C i Alcohols Al h l Bio-Esters Bi E t ? = Under evaluation Conventional FT-Jet A1 Non- Liquefied Li fi d Straight-run from Coal & Straight run f C l Renewable Natural Gas and Hydro- Natural Gas NOT processed (CTL, GTL) (Fossil) drop-in (SPK) crude Infrastructure, oil etc Airframe tegory HEFA Jet HEFA-Jet A1 FT Jet FT-Jet A1 Alcohol Cat Hydrogen Ethanol FAME from from derived NOT NOT NOT Biomass Biomass SPK from drop-in drop-in drop-in (BTL) Biomass Low energy (Alcohol to Renewable per unit Jet) volume, l Drop-in D i Drop-in D i Drop-in D i Availability, 35% lower 10% lower Infrastructure, energy energy content Airframe content Freezes at -5C SPK = Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene; FT = Fischer Tropsch; HEFA = Hydro-processed Esters & Fatty-Acids FAME = Fatty Acid Methyl Esters; CTL = Coal To Liquid ; GTL = Gas To Liquid ; BTL = Biomass To LiquidPage 16 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012Alternative Fuels illustrated FAME starts freezing (if no FL limitation) LIS FAME (FL limited) GRU (GRU) Guarulhos Intl, Sao Paulo SP BR Intl Paulo, SP, JET A-1, xTL’s and HEFA’s gives the performance as a drop-inPage 17 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012What are Sustainable alternative fuels for Airbus ?Short / Mid Term Flash point 38°C Biomass Freeze point -47°C Drop in Sustainable Drop - In Same Routes All Aircraft Same Distribution Meet Approval SpecificationsPage 18 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012Aviation’s commitment to sustainable biofuels:SAFUG - Sustainable Alternative Fuels User Group The Pledge • Will not displace, or compete with, food crops or cause deforestation • Minimises impact to biodiversity • Produces substantially lower life cycle greenhouse gas emissions than conventional fossil fuels • Certified sustainable with respect to land, t l d water, and energy use d • Delivers a positive socioeconomic impact pPage 19 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012RSB – Roundtable on Sustainable BiofuelsThe reference for sustainability 1. Any Value Chain Project managed by AIRBUS has to be sustainable in conformance with RSB criteria 2. RSB is representing all the main actors concerning Biofuels sustainable development Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels (RSB): Sustainability Standard for entire Biofuel value chain • From Farm to Tank • It represents the cornerstone of Airbus’ Biofuels strategy 3rd party Sustainability Standard Certification process Benchmarking the sustainability of different feedstocks is a p g y priority yPage 20 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012Aviation BiofuelPotential sustainable feedstocks: present and future Wood waste Jatropha Algae Yeast Salicornia Camelina Different solutions for different parts of the worldPage 21 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012Contents 1. The context and objectives 2. Alternative fuels categories 3. Airbus Alternative Fuels Strategy 4. What’s needed now?Page 22 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012Airbus Alternative Fuels Strategy • Locally support our customers by offering efficient and sustainable solutions for their operations. • Act as a catalyst for the commercialization of biofuels. • Provide a global support to the aviation industry. • Be positioned as a major actor for sustainable aviation. • Be an Eco Efficient Company. • Ai b h th opportunity t move f Airbus has the t it to from CATALYST t REFERENCE : to REFERENCE = Leadership, Consultancy, Business Intelligence, Long Term ImplementationPage 23 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012What Airbus has done and what is doing: isation, Demonstrations Value Chains Commercial Flights Catalyst Catal st Implementation stomers, CO Reduction Catalyst, Commerciali C Aviation Industry Airbus Drivers October 2009 November 2010 Qatar Airways TAM February 2008 April 2011 n, InterJet n Airbus A380 s O2 Leading to Leading to Leading to Cus Certification C tifi ti Production P d ti Green flights G fli ht European Commission: 2MT by 2020, Off take, Policy, Financing, 9 RefineriesPage 24 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012What Airbus has done:Demo flights and Fuel Certification support October 2009 November 2010 Qatar Airways TAM A320 A340-600 A340 600 Demo Flight First commercial 50% Jatropha HEFA GTL flight On one engine 50% GTL all engines g 50% FT* Fuels 50% HEFA* Fuels February 2008 April 2011 Airbus A380 InterJet A320 Flight test Demo Flight 50% GTL 30% Jatropha HEFA On one engine on one engine * FT Fuels: Fischer Tropchs Fuels (GTL CTL BTL) (GTL, CTL, * HEFA Fuels: Hydrogenated Esters and Fatty AcidsPage 25 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012 What Airbus is doing: Acting as a catalyst for the Commercialization of Bio Jet Fuels Bio-Jet 1 Guarantee the sustainability of the solution 2 Set-up one Value Chain Project on each continent ? ? ? ? ? • Biofuel Implementation • Biofuel Implementation • Biofuel Implementation • Biofuel Implementation • Qatari Solution • Romanian solution • Spanish solution • Brazilian solution Microalgae Camelina Camelina Jatropha Prepare and push for commercialization of Bio-Jet FuelsPage 26 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012 Sustainable value chain projects: Brazilian Biokerosene Platform Feedstock: • Stakeholders: TAM, Airbus, JetBio, UOP, AirBP Jatropha Oil • Objective: 80 000 tonnes of Jatropha Bio-Jet Fuel by 2013 Bio Jet ( 25% of TAM’s annual fuel consumption) Romanian Camelina Value Chain Project Feedstock: • Stakeholders: TAROM, Airbus, Camelina Company España, UOP Camelina Sativa • Objectives: Develop a sustainable biofuel supply chain capable of producing 100 000 tonnes of Camelina Bio-Jet Fuel in the p g coming years Strengthen the project in order to link it with the European Advanced Biofuels Flightpath Qatar Advanced Biofuel Platform Feedstock: • Stakeholders: Qatar Airways, Airbus, Rolls Royce, Qatar Micro-algae BTL Petroleum, Qatar University/Science & Technology Park (QSTP) ,Q y gy (Q ) • The world’s first Biofuel Value Chain Project (launched on 10 January 2010Page 27 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012 Sustainable value chain projects: Spanish Initiative for Production and Consumption of Biojetfuel Stakeholders and structure: Management * SustainabilityPage 28 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012 Sustainable value chain projects: Spanish Initiative for Production and Consumption of Biojetfuel Objectives and Roadmap: Implementation of a sustainable biojetfuel industry in Spain with a production target of I l t ti f t i bl bi j tf l i d t i S i ith d ti t t f 100.000 t/year of biojetfuel (2% of kerosene consumption in Spain) 2010 – 2011 PHASE I.a Alternatives definition: feedstock/technology/logistics. FEASIBILITY STUDY Initial feasibility studies: technical/economic/environment/social. y 2011 – 2013 PHASE I.b Full f feasibility study: f feedstock scale up/ Biojetfuel plant/airport / f / DEMONSTRATION logistics Decision making. PHASE II 2014 – onwards IMPLEMENTATION Deployment– National biojetfuel industry.Page 29 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012 Sustainable value chain projects: Spanish Initiative for Production and Consumption of Biojetfuel Deployment: Enhance Flagship Voluntary or FEEDSTOCK BIOJETFUEL PLANT mandatory 2% PRODUCTION BIOJET target Trigger industry ( gg y (offer) ) Enhance biojet demand j Enough feedstock guaranteed (200.000 ha)Page 30 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012 What Airbus is doing: Supporting commercial Flights using BioFuel Lufthansa Pure Sky July 15th 2011 – Dec 15th 2011 y • Worlds first regular scheduled commercial flights • 4 d il round-trips HAM FRA HAM f 6 months daily d i HAM-FRA-HAM for h 1200 flights • A321, IAE engines g • A/C fuelling in Hamburg only, but within Minimum Ground Time • 50% blend of HEFA kerosene supplied by Neste Oil in one engine • Mix of feedstocks: jatropha and tallow oil • Research on biofuel usage and engine performance Part of the BurnFair R&T Project Source: Lufthansa So rce L fthansa • Joint research activity of 12 universities and industry partners under Lufthansa leadershipPage 31 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012 What Airbus is doing: Supporting commercial Flights using BioFuel Finnair Feedstock: July 21st 2011 Used Cooking Oil • A319 50% UCO based HEFA in both engines A319, b d i b th i • Amsterdam to Helsinki UCO Interjet Feedstock: July 21st 2011 Jatropha Oil • A320-300 • 27% blend of Jatropha based HEFA in both engines • Mexico City to Chiapas Iberia Feedstock: Camelina Sativa Oil October 3rd 2011 • A320 • 25% blend of Camelina based HEFA in both engines • Madrid to BarcelonaPage 32 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012What Airbus is doing:Leading the European Biofuels Flightpath 2 MTons of Aviation BioFuels in 2020 = 4% of EU fuel consumption Cross Industry & government collaboration and consensus By 2015: By 2018: By 2020: • Set-up financial mechanisms • Regular commercial flights • Full deployment of at least 2 • Secure sustainable feedstock using bio-jet fuel blends million tons of biofuels per production to feed 3 refineries • Construct 4 additional refineries annum for EU aviation • Construct 3 new refineries and • Construct 2 additional refineries launch Biofuel production producing algal & microbial oil • Manage communication based aviation Biofuels strategy Objective 3 Refineries Objective 6 Refineries 9 Refineries Cost 1.300 M€ Cost 1.700 M€ and 3.000 M€ total Cost R&T Roadmap alignment & p gPage 33 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012Scope of the EC project Development of standards for drop-in biofuels drop in Sustainability certification frameworks Biofuel off take arrangements Establish financing structures Accelerate targeted research Inform the European Page 34 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012Contents 1. The context and objectives 2. Alternative fuels categories 3. Airbus Alternative Fuels Strategy 4. What’s needed now?Page 35 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012What’s needed now ?Industrialization • (Some) R&T already delivered, let’s deploy and implement • Common sustainability criteria • Lifecycle analysis • More industry wide and Airbus R&T needed on e.g. algae • Also building on early industrial experience g y p • Government support through policy and incentives • Prioritization of Energy types for different transport modes • Tax incentives / carbon credits • Cross industry approach • Aircraft / Engine Manufacturers to provide technical support for qualification • Airlines to commit to using and buying bio-fuels • Investors needed! • Growing local economies in various world locations • Sustainability criteria • Joint ventures with airlines and stakeholdersPage 36 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012 Thank you for your attentionPage 37 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  • Airbus Alternative Fuels 31 January 2012 © AIRBUS S A S All rights reserved Confidential and proprietary document This document and all information contained herein is the sole property of AIRBUS S A S No intellectual property rights are granted by the S.A.S. reserved. document. S.A.S. delivery of this document or the disclosure of its content. This document shall not be reproduced or disclosed to a third party without the express written consent of AIRBUS S.A.S. This document and its content shall not be used for any purpose other than that for which it is supplied. The statements made herein do not constitute an offer. They are based on the mentioned assumptions and are expressed in good faith. Where the supporting grounds for these statements are not shown, AIRBUS S.A.S. will be pleased to explain the basis thereof. AIRBUS, its logo, A300, A310, A318, A319, A320, A321, A330, A340, A350, A380, A400M are registered trademarks.Page 38 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.