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China’S Solar Pv Policy And The Road Ahead

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Presented by Julia Wu, solar analyst at New Energy Finance, at the Beijing Energy & Environment Roundtable (BEER) on Dec 10, 2008.

Presented by Julia Wu, solar analyst at New Energy Finance, at the Beijing Energy & Environment Roundtable (BEER) on Dec 10, 2008.

Published in: Technology, Business, Travel

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  • China certainly has some very good potential for solar power growth, as it is developing so fast today. When it comes to solar cell cost - well, there is no magic formula to reduce them, but the more we invest in photovoltaic cell technology, the more we will have those great benefits. Solar energy is infinite, as long as the Sun doesn’t explode or other similar human-end disasters happen. Solar panels is the way to go, as it is the best alternative right now to fossil fuels. If you anyone is interested in DIY home solar panels, feel free to visit my blog http://diy-home-solar-panels.blogspot.com/
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  • Awesome .!
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  • 1. China’s Solar PV Policy And The Road Ahead Julia Wu new energy finance
  • 2. Agenda Part I Chinese solar industry: history and status quo Part II Government’s support to solar PV Part III Latest development and roads ahead Source: New Energy Finance, 2008.x <Notes>
  • 3. Chinese solar PV installations, 1980-2007, MW <Notes> Source: Mr. Wang Sicheng, Energy Research Institute of NDRC
  • 4. Solar PV installation in China by 2007, total 100 MW Note: BIPV=Building Integrated Photovoltaics; Other commercial applications, including communication stations, industrial applications, and PV-applied products, such as lawn lights, street lights, watches, toys etc Source: Mr. Wang Sicheng, Energy Research Institute of NDRC
  • 5. Chinese solar installation Vs manufacturing, 1980-2007, MW Source: Wang Sicheng, Energy Research Institute of NDRC <Notes:>
  • 6. Agenda Part II Government’s support to solar PV Part III Latest development and roads ahead Source: New Energy Finance, 2008.x <Notes>
  • 7. Law and regulations
    • 2006
    • Renewable Energy Law
    • Pilot scheme on renewable energy prices and cost-sharing
    • Principles: full purchase by grids, reasonable on-grid tariffs and extra cost shared by the whole electricity users
    • Pilot scheme on allocation of renewable energy surcharge (2007)
    • Since June 2006, China has charged CNY 0.001/kWh from all end users across the country. Tariff increased to CNY 0.002/kWh for commercial and industrial users in August 2008.
    Source: New Energy Finance, 2008.x <Notes>
  • 8. How the surcharge is spent? Source: New Energy Finance, 2008.x [plus any other sources] <Notes>
  • 9. Law and regulations (cont’d)
    • Middle-to-long-term renewable energy plan (2007)
    • The 11 th five-year plan for renewable energy (2008)
    • Target: 300MW by 2010 and 1.8GW by 2020
    Source: New Energy Finance, 2008.x <Notes> Application 2007 Installed capacity (MW) 2010 Target (MW) Main development regions Applications in remote areas 55 150 Tibet, Qinghai, Gansu, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Sichuan, etc. BIPV 4.8 50 Beijing, Shanghai, Shandong, Jiangsu, Guangdong, etc. Grid-connected PV power stations 0.2 50 Lhasa of Tibet, Dunhuang of Gansu, Ordos of Inner Mongolia, etc. STEG plants 0 50 Inner Mongolia, etc. Other commercial applications 40 N/A N/A Total 100 300 N/A
  • 10. Law and regulations (cont’d)
    • Notice on building large-scale grid-connected PV demonstration power stations (late 2007)
    • A bidding system, similar to the current wind concession projects, will be applied.
    • Question : We have law, regulations, target, money (the RE surcharge) and implementation scheme (bidding) in place, why the market still hasn’t taken off?
    • Subsidies only available to those government organised solar power projects under the plan. The approval procedures on what kind of solar projects are eligible for subsidies are still unclear.
    Source: New Energy Finance, 2008.x <Notes>
  • 11. Government’s concerns on PV power
    • Expensive. Current cost about CNY 3-5/kWh, 10 times higher than fossil fuel power. As a developing country, the government believes solar power is still a luxury goods and it has many other more urgency and more important issues to spend money.
    • Worries on the maturity of the industry. Raw material, key technologies and equipment all rely on import.
    • Some bad experience from Japan.
    • Chinese PV manufacturing industry develops very fast in the past four years thanks to the incentive policies from western countries.
    Source: New Energy Finance
  • 12. Latest developments
    • June 2008, NDRC awarded fixed feed-in-tariff for two pilot PV
    • power plants at CNY 4/kWh.
    • - 1MW Shanghai Chongming PV power project
    • - 205KW Ordos CPV Power plant
    • November 2008, NDRC announced the launch of concession bidding for
    • a 10MW PV power plant in Dunhuang of Gansu.
    • Besides, several big solar power plants are announced/
    • under construction. We see initiatives from private companies
    • and local governments.
    • 10MW GS-Solar Ge’ermu,Qinghai thin-film power plant
    • 166MW Shilin Yunnan PV demonstration project
    • 10MW Yingli Green Beijing PV project
    • 1.2MW Wuhan Rixin Industrial Park BIPV project
    Source: New Energy Finance, 2008.x [plus any other sources] <Notes>
  • 13. Roads ahead
    • It’s hard to estimate Chinese government’s policy, but one thing
    • for sure is the government is taking solar power seriously in its energy
    • supply mix. They just wait and see when will be the best timing for
    • them to trigger domestic market under the principle of “do the biggest
    • thing with least money”.
    • PV cost is decreasing every year. Its high cost in the last
    • few years is largely due to the shortage of silicon. On the other
    • hand, fossil fuel cost is increasing at an accelerating speed.
    • Most institutes estimates by 2016, PV power can reach
    • grid-parity in many regions in the world.
    • Questions:
    • Can financial crisis become a special opportunity for China to start a
    • domestic market?
    • 2. Should Chinese government starts subsidizing solar power
    • now or wait until it’s cheap enough?
    Source: New Energy Finance, 2008.x <Notes>
  • 14. Thanks! Julia Wu +86 10 8454 9058 [email_address] new energy finance www.newenergyfinance.com

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