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Music 7 Final Review
 

Music 7 Final Review

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Review of topics covered during Music 7

Review of topics covered during Music 7

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    Music 7 Final Review Music 7 Final Review Presentation Transcript

    • Music 7 Final Review 2 Africa, Latin America, Black America, and Jazz
    • Africa- Instrument Categories
      • Aerophones
        • Sound is produced by moving air
      • Chordophones
        • Sound is produced by vibrating strings
      • Membranophones
        • Sound is produced by striking an animal skin
      • Idiophones
        • Sound is produced by shaking, hitting, or striking—but NOT a drum
    • Africa-Musical Interactions
      • Echo
        • Group copies the leader
      • Call & Response
        • Leader changes, group stays the same
      • Question & Answer
        • Leader stays the same, group changes
      • Unison
        • Same thing, same time
      • Canon
        • Same thing, starting at different times
    • Africa-music and culture
      • Drums are used for communication.
      • Music is part of everyday life.
      • Much of the music is improvised.
      • Much of the music is based on a pentatonic scale.
    • Latin America – Contributing Cultures Native South Americans Spain Africa
    • Latin America-Music
      • European settlers brought in
      • STRING INSTRUMENTS
      • Music is based on pentatonic scale.
    • Black America-music of slave era
      • Code Songs
        • Gave specific directions for escape
      • Work Songs
        • Make time go faster work
        • Keep their minds off their troubles
        • Pace the work
      • Spirituals
        • Songs about hope for the afterlife
    • Black America
      • Gospel
        • Mood –
          • joyful, religious, many singing together
        • Instrument –
          • organ
      • Blues
        • Mood –
          • sad, one person telling of personal troubles
        • Instrument –
          • guitar
        • Form –
          • AAB
    • Black America-Gospel Musicians
      • Fiske Jubilee Singers
      • Thomas A. Dorsey
      • John Newton
      • Mahalia Jackson
      • Sister Rosetta Tharpe
    • Stephen Foster
      • Father of American music
      • Wrote “Camptown Races,” “Oh, Susannah,” and others
      • Songs were often sentimental, about missing loved ones
    • Jazz
      • Ragtime
        • Usually written for piano, boom-chuck rhythm in left hand
      • Dixieland
        • Started with funeral processions in New Orleans
      • Swing
        • Happy mood, large bands, good for dancing
      • Bebop
        • Based on chord changes instead of melody; experimental
      • Cool
        • Laid-back sound, smaller band, “Jazz for Intellectuals”
      • Fusion
        • Combination of Jazz & Rock, electronic instruments
      • Smooth
        • Commercialized, made to sell records
    • Musical Theater-Jobs
      • Lyricist- writes the words to the songs
      • Composer-writes the music
      • Director-oversees the whole musical
      • Producer-handles the business aspects
      • Choreographer-creates the dances
      • Conductor-rehearses the musicians and conducts the orchestra