Music 7 Final Review 2 Africa, Latin America, Black America, and Jazz
Africa- Instrument Categories <ul><li>Aerophones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sound is produced by moving air </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Africa-Musical Interactions <ul><li>Echo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group copies the leader </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Call & Respo...
Africa-music and culture <ul><li>Drums are used for communication. </li></ul><ul><li>Music is part of everyday life. </li>...
Latin America – Contributing Cultures Native South Americans Spain Africa
Latin America-Music <ul><li>European settlers brought in </li></ul><ul><li>STRING INSTRUMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>Music is b...
Black America-music of slave era <ul><li>Code Songs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave specific directions for escape </li></ul></...
Black America <ul><li>Gospel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mood – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>joyful, religious, many singing t...
Black America-Gospel Musicians <ul><li>Fiske Jubilee Singers </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas A. Dorsey </li></ul><ul><li>John New...
Stephen Foster <ul><li>Father of American music </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote “Camptown Races,” “Oh, Susannah,” and others </li>...
Jazz <ul><li>Ragtime </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually written for piano, boom-chuck rhythm in left hand </li></ul></ul><ul><l...
Musical Theater-Jobs <ul><li>Lyricist- writes the words to the songs </li></ul><ul><li>Composer-writes the music </li></ul...
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Music 7 Final Review

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Review of topics covered during Music 7

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Music 7 Final Review

  1. 1. Music 7 Final Review 2 Africa, Latin America, Black America, and Jazz
  2. 2. Africa- Instrument Categories <ul><li>Aerophones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sound is produced by moving air </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chordophones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sound is produced by vibrating strings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Membranophones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sound is produced by striking an animal skin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Idiophones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sound is produced by shaking, hitting, or striking—but NOT a drum </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Africa-Musical Interactions <ul><li>Echo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group copies the leader </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Call & Response </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leader changes, group stays the same </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Question & Answer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leader stays the same, group changes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unison </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Same thing, same time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Canon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Same thing, starting at different times </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Africa-music and culture <ul><li>Drums are used for communication. </li></ul><ul><li>Music is part of everyday life. </li></ul><ul><li>Much of the music is improvised. </li></ul><ul><li>Much of the music is based on a pentatonic scale. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Latin America – Contributing Cultures Native South Americans Spain Africa
  6. 6. Latin America-Music <ul><li>European settlers brought in </li></ul><ul><li>STRING INSTRUMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>Music is based on pentatonic scale. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Black America-music of slave era <ul><li>Code Songs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave specific directions for escape </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Work Songs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make time go faster work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep their minds off their troubles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pace the work </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spirituals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Songs about hope for the afterlife </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Black America <ul><li>Gospel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mood – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>joyful, religious, many singing together </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instrument – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>organ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Blues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mood – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sad, one person telling of personal troubles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instrument – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>guitar </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Form – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>AAB </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Black America-Gospel Musicians <ul><li>Fiske Jubilee Singers </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas A. Dorsey </li></ul><ul><li>John Newton </li></ul><ul><li>Mahalia Jackson </li></ul><ul><li>Sister Rosetta Tharpe </li></ul>
  10. 10. Stephen Foster <ul><li>Father of American music </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote “Camptown Races,” “Oh, Susannah,” and others </li></ul><ul><li>Songs were often sentimental, about missing loved ones </li></ul>
  11. 11. Jazz <ul><li>Ragtime </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually written for piano, boom-chuck rhythm in left hand </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dixieland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Started with funeral processions in New Orleans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Swing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Happy mood, large bands, good for dancing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bebop </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on chord changes instead of melody; experimental </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cool </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laid-back sound, smaller band, “Jazz for Intellectuals” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fusion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Combination of Jazz & Rock, electronic instruments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Smooth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercialized, made to sell records </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Musical Theater-Jobs <ul><li>Lyricist- writes the words to the songs </li></ul><ul><li>Composer-writes the music </li></ul><ul><li>Director-oversees the whole musical </li></ul><ul><li>Producer-handles the business aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Choreographer-creates the dances </li></ul><ul><li>Conductor-rehearses the musicians and conducts the orchestra </li></ul>
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