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Jan 2011 EIU Global Economic Forecast
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Jan 2011 EIU Global Economic Forecast

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The EIU has updated its economic forecast for January. Highlights since December include: raising GDP growth forecasts for both the US and euro zone, China's slowing economy, and commodity price and …

The EIU has updated its economic forecast for January. Highlights since December include: raising GDP growth forecasts for both the US and euro zone, China's slowing economy, and commodity price and demand outlook.


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  • The euro zone is forecast to underperform the US in 2009 as it suffers from a massive drop in external demand, the impact of the global financial crisis and the unwinding of domestic imbalances. The US recovery will be driven partly by aggressive fiscal stimulus which will make itself felt from the second half of 2009 and some restocking, after the extensive drawdown of inventories in the first half 2009.
  • The euro zone is forecast to underperform the US in 2009, largely reflecting the severe weakness of Germany, which, like Japan, remains highly exposed to the global trade cycle. The US recovery will be driven partly by aggressive fiscal stimulus, which will make itself felt from the second half of 2009.
  • The euro zone is forecast to underperform the US in 2009, largely reflecting the severe weakness of Germany, which, like Japan, remains highly exposed to the global trade cycle. The US recovery will be driven partly by aggressive fiscal stimulus, which will make itself felt from the second half of 2009.
  • Although we are forecasting steady growth in oil demand in 2011-13, ample supply and capacity will prevent significant price gains. While our forecast suggests markedly lower prices in 2009-13 than in 2008, they are still relatively high in both historical and real terms.
  • Policy rates in the largest industrial economies are forecast to remain at ultra-loose levels at least until the end of 2010. Concerns not to inflate fresh bubbles will persuade the Federal Reserve (the US central bank) to start to tighten policy from 2011.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Global economic forecast January 17th 2011
    • 2.
      • A new round of fiscal stimulus, together with continued QE, will guard against a marked slowdown in growth in 2011
      • Persistently high unemployment is a serious concern, but firms should be more willing to hire this year
      • The deleveraging process still has several years to run and will weigh on medium-term economic growth.
      • A large stock of houses on the market or coming in the near future will exert renewed downward pressure on prices
    • 3.
      • Europe’s economy is recovering but fiscal austerity will hold back growth
      • Unemployment has risen only moderately owing to wage subsidies, but employment recovery will be slow
      • Greece is likely to need a re-structuring of its government debt despite a massive rescue package, and Ireland could face the same fate
      • Portugal will need a bailout in 2011 and Spain could be tested
    • 4.
      • Export performance in Japan will deteriorate in 2011, reflecting a deceleration of Chinese growth and continued yen strength
      • The urgent need for fiscal consolidation greatly limits room for further fiscal stimulus beyond measures already approved
      • Weak domestic demand is putting downward pressure on Japanese prices again, so that deflation continues
    • 5.
      • Chinese growth has been supported by massive stimulus, but this has aggravated existing imbalances. Tighter policy will be needed to tame inflation.
      • India is growing strongly on the back of robust domestic demand, but fiscal pressures remain
      • Brazil’s performance has been driven by Chinese demand for commodities and by solid domestic consumption
      • Russia’s recovery is supported by the rise in oil prices over the past year
    • 6.
      • Oil consumption will continue to grow in 2011, led by the developing world and the US. Consumption will continue to fall in the EU
      • Output restraint and significant spare capacity in OPEC producers suggests ample supply. However, any escalation in geopolitical tensions could disrupt our supply forecasts
      • Loose global monetary conditions and investors’ search for return will support prices
    • 7.
      • Fiscal stimulus in China and restocking in the OECD drove demand in 2010, but will fade in 2011
      • Rising emerging market incomes and urbanisation will underpin medium-term demand growth
      • Years of underinvestment, particularly in agriculture, will push up prices
      • Gold prices have been strong, fuelled by vibrant investor demand, while fundamentals remain weak. Persistent economic uncertainty will support prices in 2011
    • 8.
      • The Federal Reserve will not raise its policy rate until the third quarter of 2012
      • The ECB has stepped up purchases of bonds of struggling governments; the central bank is also now unlikely to raise rates until the third quarter of 2012
      • Japanese policy rates will be held at emergency levels until late 2012
      • The European fiscal crisis raises new concerns for banking sector stability
    • 9.
      • Expectations of earlier rate hikes in the US and lingering concerns about the fragility of the euro zone will support the US$ against the euro over the longer term
      • The yen will be supported by Japanese institutional investors’ home bias but a declining domestic savings rate will soon make it vulnerable.
      • Emerging market currencies will continue to be supported by wide interest rate and growth differentials with OECD economies
    • 10. 16 16 16 15 12 + Improved confidence prompts a stronger rebound in demand - Developed economies fall into a deflationary spiral - New asset bubbles burst, creating renewed financial turbulence - Tensions over currency manipulation lead to a rise in protectionism - Major sovereigns default as public debt surges
    • 11. 10 10 10 9 9 - Emerging-market inflation surges, forcing fierce policy tightening - Economic upheaval leads to widespread social and political unrest - The euro zone breaks up - The Chinese economy crashes - The global economy experiences a double-dip recession
    • 12.